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Brigham Young University 



No - .>J45'h 

266 




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THE 



Historical Record 



A MONTHLY PERIODIGAL,. 



Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chronological 
and Statistical Matters. 



VOLUME six:. 



2^ 

Edited amd Published by Andrew Jenson. 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. 
1 88y. 



INDEX 



Alta 281 

Benson, Ezra Taft 132 

Bi^r Cottonwood Creek 282 

Big Cottonwood Precinct 283 

Big Cottonwood Ward 2S3 

Bingham Creek 2S2 

Bingham Junction 2S<; 

Bingham Precinct 2S2 

Bluff Dale Precinct 288 

Bluff Dale Ward 285 

Brighton Precinct 285 

Brighton Ward 285 

Butler Precinct 287 

Butlerville 287 

Butterlield Creek 2S8 

Cannon, George Quayle 173 

Canyon Creek 28S 

Carri ngton, Albert 213 

City Creek 2S8 

Cowdery , Oliver 196 

Diagram of the First Presidency 204 

Diagram of the Fh>t Seven Presidents 

of the Seventies 205 

Diagram of the Stake Presidency 278 

Diagram of the Salt Lake Stake High 

Council 279 

Draper Precinct 288 

Draper Ward 28S 

East Mill Creek Precinct 2S9 

East Mill Creek Ward 289 

Emigration Creek 290 

Ensign Peak 290 

Farmers Precinct . - , 290 

Farmers Ward 29 L 

Fort Douglas 291 

Francklm 291 

Frost, Oliver Gray 234 

Fullmer, Desdemoua Wads worth 235 

Gcrmania 291 

Granger Precinct 292 

Granger Ward 292 

Granite 292 

Granite Precinct 292 

Granite Ward 292 

Grant, Heber J 347 

Harris, Martin '. 212 

Herrinian Precinct 293 

Herriman Ward 293 

Hot Springs 294 

Hunter Precinct 29 



Johnson, Aim era Woodward 235 

Julia Ann. The bark 101 

Kimball, Lucy Walker 23(5 

Little Cottonwood Creek 295 

Little Cottonwood Precinct 293 

Little Cottonwood Ward 295 

L0 vendahl's 295 

Lyman, Amasa M 121 

Lyman, Eliza M. Partridge 236 

Lyman, Francis Marion 257 

Mill Creek 296 

Mill Creek Precinct 296 

Mill Creek Ward 296 

Minor Divisions of Salt Lake County 281 

Mountain Dell Precinct 298 

Mountain Dell Ward 298 

Mulliner, Samuel 331 

Murray 298 

Noble, Joseph Bates 237 

North Jordan Precinct 298 

North Jordan Ward 298 

North Point Precinct 299 

Paper Mill Post Office 299 

Pleasant Green Precinct 299 

Pleasant Green Ward 299 

Plu nil Marriage 219 

Red Butte Creek 300 

Revere Switch 300 

Rich, Charles Coulson L37 

Richards, Franklin Dewey 105 

Riverton Precinct 300 

Riverton Ward 301 

Rose Creek 301 

Russell, Isaac 135 

Salt Lake City 301 

First Ward 307 

Second W ard 308 

Third Ward 309 

Fourth Ward 310 

Fifth Ward 311 

Sixth Ward 3 12 

Seventh Ward 313 

Eighth Ward 314 

Ninth Ward 316 

Tenth Wa id 316 

Eleventh Ward 317 

Twelfth Ward 318 

Thirteenth Ward 319 

Fourteenth Ward 320 

Fifteenth Ward 322 

Sixteenth Ward 323 



Seventeenth Ward 325 

Eighteenth Ward 326 

Nineteenth Ward 328 

Twentieth Ward 329 

Twenty-first Ward 330 

Salt Lake County 270 

Salt Lake Slake of Zion 273 

Sandy Precinct 330 

Sandy Ward 331 

Scotch Mission. The 348 

Silverton Precinct 332 

Smith, Chloe 136 

Smith, John Henry 343 

Smith, Joseph Fielding 183 

Snow, Erastua 145 

Snow, Lorenzo 130 

Snow, Willard 163 

South Cottonwood Precinct 382 

South Cottonwood Ward 333 

South Jordan Precinct 334 

South Jordan Ward 334 

Sugar House Precinct 335 



Sugar House Ward 335 

Statistical Report of the Salt Lake Stake . 274 

Taylor, John Whittaker 347 

Ta vlorsville 337 

Teasdale, George 346 

Thatcher, Moses 244 

Twin Peaks 337 

Traverse Mountains 337 

Union Precinct 338 

Union Ward 338 

Warm Springs 339 

W a 8 a t ch , 340 

Western Standard 164 

W est Jordan Precinct 341 

West Jordan Ward 341 

Whinner, David 203 

Willow Creek 343 

Witnesses. The Three 195 

Young, Brigham (junior) 241 

Young, Emily Dow Partridge 240 



THIh] 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chrono- 
logical and Statistical Matters, 

"WJiat thou seest, ivrite in a book." Rev. 1, 11. 



No. 1. 



JANUARY, 1887. 



Vol. VI. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



AMASA M. LYMAN, 
Third son of Boswell Lyman and 
Martha Mason, was born in Lyman 
Township, Grafton Co., New Hamp- 
shire, March 30, 1813. When about 
two 3 7 ears old, his father left home 
lor the western country, from which 
he never returned, as he is supposed 
to have died some six years after- 
wards in New Orleans. Amasa 
Lyman, his younger brother Klias 
and his sister Ruth, remained with 
their mother until her second mar- 
riage, after which Lyman lived with 
his grandfather until he was eleven 
years old, and with Parley Mason, 
a relative, seven years longer. 

During the year 1831 he became 
somewhat thoughtful on the subject 
of religion, but did not unite himself 
with any of the religious denomina- 
tions until the spring of 1832, when 
the neighborhood in which L^anan 
resided was visited by Elders Lyman 
E. Johnson and Orson Pratt. Lynian 
believed the Gospel when he first 
heard it preached by those Elders, 
and was baptized by Lyman E. John- 
sou on April 27, 1832. Tue follow- 
ing day he was confirmed by Orson 
Pratt. 

On account of ill feelings that 



arose in his uncle's family because 
of his baptism, Lyman resolved to 
go west, and accordingly on May 7, 
1832, started on a journey of some 
seven hundred miles. His earthly 
wealth at that time consisted of some 
sixteen pounds of half-worn clothing 
and SI 1.35 in money. The weariness 
consequent upon his first day's walk- 
ing admonished him to travel by 
stage and canal to Lyons. Wayne Co. , 
N.Y. Arriving there, his funds were 
all gone, and he hired out to Mr. 
Thomas Lacky, the man who bought 
Martin Harris' farm when he sold it 
to raise money for printing the Book 
of Mormon. Lyman worked for this 
man two weeks and earned money to 
take him to Buffalo, from where he 
took steamer to Cleveland, Ohio, and 
from there walked 45 miles to the 
residence of John Johnson, in Hiram. 
Portage Co., Ohio. This was the 
place where Joseph Smith had been 
tarred and feathered a short time 
previous. Father Johnson and fam- 
ily received young Ionian kindly, 
and he remained with them until the 
following July, when the Prophet re- 
turned from Missouri. 

"This," writes Elder Lyman, "af- 
forded me an opportunity to see the 



122 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



man of God. Of the impressions 
produced I will here say, although 
there was nothing strange or different 
from other men in his personal ap- 
pearance, yet, when he grasped mj' 
hand in that cordial way (known to 
those who have met him in the honest 
simplicity of truth), I felt as one of 
old in the presence of the Lord ; my 
strength seemed to be gone, so that 
it requij ed an effort on my part to 
stand on my feet ; but in all this there 
was no fear, but the serenity and 
peace of heaven pervaded my soul, 
and the still small voice of the spirit 
whispered its living testimony in the 
depths of my soul, where it has ever 
remained, that he was the Man of 
God." 

Lytnan continued laboring for 
Father Johnson until some time in 
the month of August, when one Sab- 
bath evening, after a social prayer 
meeting with the few members in 
Hiram, the Prophet, in his own fa- 
miliar way, said to Lyman: "Brother 
Amasa. the Lord requires your labors 
in the vineyard." Without thought 
Lyman replied. "'I will go," and on 
August 23, 1832, he and Zerubbabel 
Snow were ordained to the office of 
Elders in the Church, under the 
hands of Joseph Smith and Frederick 
G. Williams. On the following day 
they started on their first mission to 
proclaim the Gospel of salvation. 

About the time of their starting an 
application came to President Smith 
to visit an old gentleman by the 
name of Harrington, who was af- 
flicted with a severe pain in his head. 
From a press of business, Jo- 
seph could not go, but instructed 
Lyman and Snow to call upon the 
old man. which they did, and as they 
came near the house, before they 
entered, they heard his groans ex- 



torted from him by pain, which 
seemed intolerable. The mission- 
aries entered and introduced them- 
selves, being strangers. They then 
prayed for and laid hands upon him, 
in the name of Jesus, and rebuked 
his pain, which was instantly re- 
moved, and the sufferer rejoiced and 
praised God, who had so signally 
blessed him. 

From this place the missionaries 
continued their journey, and the 
following Sabbath evening they met 
in prayer meeting with a few Saints 
in Chippeway Township. A few 
non-members also attended, among 
whom was a Miss Smith who reclined 
on a bed in the corner of the room. 
The brethren sang a hymn and 
prayed, and Elder Snow proceeded 
to make some remarks, when, in an 
instant, a cry of alarm from the bed 
attracted the attention of all. On 
stepping to the bedside the Elders 
discovered that Miss Smith's face 
and her entire form were distorted 
in the most shocking manner, her 
eyes were glaring wildly, but appar- 
ently sightless, her respiration was 
very difficult and her limbs were 
rigid as iron. The common restora- 
tives were used without effect. The 
Elders laid their hands upon her and 
rebuked the devil, when she was in- 
stantly relieved, but in another mo- 
ment she was bound as before ; they 
now kneeled down by her bed and 
prayed, when she was again released, 
and asked for baptism, stating that 
she had been acting against her con- 
victions of right in some conversa- 
tions the missionaries had held with 
her during the day. They repaired 
to the water and there under the 
mantle of night introduced the first 
soul into the Church as the fruits of 
their labors. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



123 



During the following winter Elders 
Lyman and Snow labored in Southern 
Ohio and Cabell County, Virginia. 
Some forty souls were added to the 
Church b} r their administrations. 
Early in the spring they returned to 
Kir tl and. 

On March 21, 1833, with Wm. F. 
Cahoon as companion, Lyman started 
on his second mission. He continued 
his labors for eight months, during 
which time he traveled as far east 
as Chautauqua and Cattaraugus 
Counties, N Y. He held 150 meet- 
ings and saw about one hundred 
soul's added to the Church. In De- 
cember following he attended a con- 
ference in Erie County, Penn., where 
he was ordained to the High Priest- 
hood under the hands of Lyman E. 
Johnson and Orson Pratt. In the 
winter he continued his missionary 
labors in the States of New York and 
New Hampshire. While in the latter 
State the call to go to Missouri reached 
him through Elder Lyman E. John- 
son. Responding to this call, he 
changed his plan of operations and 
went direct to Kirtland, Ohio, taking in 
charge as a contribution some money 
and teams, and two sons of John 
Tanner (John J. and Nathan). 

Elder Lyman writes: "We arrived 
in Kirtland about May 1, 1834, 
but did not join the camp until the 
day previous to their leaving New 
Portage, which was on the 8th of 
May. At this point we identified 
ourselves with the camp by enrol- 
ment and paying over our money to 
the credit of Father Tanner. 

"From this place I traveled with 
the camp, participating in all the vi- 
cissitudes it encountered and shared 
in its toils and labors as well as its 
varied and rich instruction that we 
received from the Prophet. 



"Thus we pursued our anomalous 
and strange journey, the vicissitudes 
of which afforded us ample oppor- 
tunity to evince our faith by the 
offering of our lives for the truth, 
proving b}^ the patient endurance of 
our toils and our untiring perseve- 
rance in the accomplishment of our 
purposes, that the interests of the 
Kingdom, when they should be com- 
mitted to our keeping, would be 
faithfully cared for, and thus laying 
the foundation for the effectual re- 
demption of Zion, in the development 
of a faithful and energetic ministry. 

"On June 17th, on Grand River, I 
met for the first time with Bishop 
Edward Partridge. I traveled and 
conversed with him the most of the 
day. On the 19th we arrived in the 
vicinity of Fishing River, and en- 
camped near a Baptist meeting house. 
During the night we were visited by 
a severe storm of rain and high wind, 
accompanied by thunder and light- 
ning, which prostrated most of our 
tents. Some of the fugitives from 
the fury of the storm, found shelter 
in the church. The morning found 
me minus my tent ; and a depression 
in the ground, in which my bed had 
been inadvertently made, Was full 
of water, in which myself and bed 
were submerged. 

"On moving from our camp in the 
morning of the 20th, four miles, to 
Brother John Cooper's house, we 
found the country around us was 
visited during the night previous 
with a terrific storm of hail, which in 
its destructive course demolished 
fields of grain and made liberal 
pruning of the forest over which it 
passed. And what more directly 
effected our safety, it held in check, 
so they could not move, a large mob 
force that were assembled to question 



124 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



our presence in, or dispute our pas- 
sage through the country. 

"We remained near Brother Coop- 
er's until the 24th. During our stay 
here we were visited by some gentle- 
men from Clay and Ray Counties, 
among whom were General Atchison, 
Col. Sconce, and a Mr. Cameron. 
With them the Prophet had an in- 
terchange of feeling and sentiment 
of a conciliatory character, which the 
Lord blest to our good, thus adding 
another to the evidences already 
given, that it was no part of his pur- 
pose to expose his servants to the 
chances of destruction at the hands 
of their enemies. It was here the 
Lord signified to the Prophet, to our 
joy and comfort, that our offering 
was accepted. 

"On the 24th we moved the camp 
twenty miles, and camped at Brother 
Burkett's. two and a half miles 
from Liberty, the county seat of 
Clay. Here, on the morning of the 
25th, several of the brethren were 
attacked with the cholera. Among 
the first was Elder John Carter, who 
had a protracted struggle with the 
fell destroj'er. The following night 
there were some half a dozen of the 
brethren stricken down, and all lying 
on the floor in a small apartment. 
This was a scene that can be more 
easily imagined than described — to 
see men stricken down in a moment, 
and in a short hour the ruddy glow 
of health displaced by the palor of 
death ; to see the human form di- 
vine which at the dawn of morning 
was stately and erect, in all the per- 
fections of manly beaut}-, melt away 
in the death struggle of a few short 
hours, and to think that the sufferers 
are the forms of the loved, the faith- 
ful and brave. With them we had 
laboreJ and rejoiced together in the 



truth ; they were endeared to us by 
the tenderest ties that bind heart to 
heart and soul to soul. These were 
they sufferers for whom there seemed 
to be no rest but in the grave. 

"I passed the night with the suf- 
ferers, and in the morning the com- 
pany with which I was connected 
was disbanded. Before I left, I gave 
a parting look, breathed a hasty 
prayer, and tore myself away from 
the scene of death. 

"On the 2Gth I went to the resi- 
dence of Brother King Follett. From 
this until the organization of- the 
High Council, I passed my time with 
the brethren who had been expelled 
from Jackson County, by whom I 
was kindly entertained. 

"I then engaged to work for Bro. 
Jabez Durfee, who was building a 
mill for Esquire Arthur. While thus 
engaged I was called upon to assist 
in numbering the people of the 
Church in Clay County. This led 
me to form an acquaintance with the 
Saints generally who had been driven 
from Jackson County. In this labor 
I was engaged until the 11th of 
August, when I was attacked by the 
ague and fever, with which I was 
confined to the house and bed until 
Nov. 2nd. I was, during my sick- 
ness, at the house of Brother Elias 
Higbee, whose wife was most kind 
and unremitting in her attention to 
my comfort, as were the Saints gen- 
erally. 

"After a partial recovery from my 
sickness, I received a discharge from 
the camp under the hand of Lyman 
Wight. I then procured, through 
the aid of the brethren, a half worn 
coat that belonged to the late A. S. 
Gilbert, and on Dec. 23rd, 1834, I 
started from Clay County in com- 
pany with Brother Heman Tilton 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



125 



Hyde. We traveled and preached 
by the way, sharing the fate common 
to those who call upon the wicked to 
turn from their sins. 

"We continued eastward as far as 
Ohio, and arrived in Kirtland May 
26, 1835. On our way we held sixty- 
seven meetings and three conferen- 
ces, and in company with Brother 
Elisha H. Groves we built up a 
branch of the Church in Madison 
County, Illinois, and baptized others 
in St. Clair County. 

"During my stay in Kirtland of 
about three weeks I was ordained 
a member of the First Quorum of 
Seventies under the hands of Jo- 
seph. Oliver and Sidney. The record 
of my ordination and blessings made 
by Sjdvester Smith are lost. 

"During this short respite from 
preaching I married Miss Louisa 
Maria Tanner, the daughter of Elder 
John Tanner. Our marriage was 
solemnized by Elder Seymour Brun- 
son on Wednesday of the week ; and 
the following Monday I was again in 
the field. 

"My present course was eastward, 
mostly in the State of New York, 
where my labors were rewarded by 
liberal additions to the Church. This 
mission occupied six months of time 
and extended over two thousand 
miles of travel, and the preaching of 
nearly two hundred sermons. 

"From the time of my return to 
Kirtland in December, 1835, 1 resided 
with my father-in-law and attended 
school through the winter. In the 
spring of 1836 I participated in the 
endowments then given, and in conse- 
quence of my ordination to the High 
Priesthood, previous to my ordina- 
tion as a Seventy, I was at this time 
connected with the Quorum of High 
Priests. 



"The spring of 1836 found me 
again on my way to the East, in com- 
pany with Elder Nathan Tanner. 
We passed through the field of my 
previous j'ear's labors in Alleghany 
County, N. Y., where we were blest 
in adding several to the Church. 
While here we witnessed the signal 
manifestation of the power of God 
in 'the healing of the sick. 

"From this place we continued 
our travels eastward until we arrived 
in the town of Bolton, the former 
residence of Brother Tanner. Here 
we preached through the country, in 
which we secured the attention of 
the people, but not their obedience 
to the truth. 

"In Bolton we met with Father 
John Tanner, who had been on a 
mission to the State of Vermont. 
While here I married Elder Nathan 
Tanner and Miss Rachel Smith, 
Brother Nathan remained with his 
father-in-law, while Father Tanner 
and I returned to Kirtland, Ohio, 
where I remained a short time en- 
gaged in work to support my family 
and preaching in the country around, 
once going east as far as Erie Coun- 
ty, Penn. 

"In this way my time was mostly 
occupied until the autumn of 1837, 
when Nathan Tanner and I engaged 
Mr. Jared Randall to move us 
to Missouri, where we joined the 
Saints in the new county of Cald- 
well. In consequence of my limited 
means I went to Fort Leavenworth, 
where 1 labored during the winter. 
In the spring I returned and engaged 
in a job of work on the Court House, 
Clinton County. 

"On my return home I engaged in 
labor for George Walter, from which 
I was relieved by sickness, which 
was induced by too severe labor in 



126 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



hot weather. From this indisposition 
I had mostly recovered, when the 
difficulties, that eventuated in our 
expulsion from the State, commenced 
with an affray at the election in 
Daviess County, in the month of 
August. On the first alarm I took 
the field, which I did not leave until 
I left the State the following spring. 

"The trouble thickened around us 
until, on my return from a week's 
excursion to the north of Far West 
(in company with Brother Justus 
Morse, with whom my family re- 
sided), I learned, that the brethren 
at De Witt were surrounded by mobs 
in such a way as to preclude any 
approach to them bj T the usual ways, 
in consequence of which we were left 
in ignorance of their prospects of 
danger or safety. 

••On this account the brethren in 
Far West committed to me the task 
of finding a way to the brethren that 
were in the midst of the enemy. To 
accompany me I selected Brother 
James Dunn. I then dressed myself 
in some old soldier pants, an old and 
somewhat tattered coat made of a 
Buffalo robe, and a red worsted cap, 
closel}' fitting my head. One pocket 
of my coat was furnished with a pint 
flask for the spirits we might use, or 
the effect its possession might have 
on those with whom we would be 
likely to come in contact. 

"Thus attired in our grotesque and 
uncouth garb, we started across the 
country to the Missouri River, at a 
point somewhere above the ferry 
crossing the Lexington. We reached 
the river, and when the mantle of 
night was over us we commenced 
our search for a canoe, in which to 
pass down the river. In this, how- 
ever, we did not succeed, and when 
the signs of the coming day were 



discoverable in the east, we found 
shelter under the edge of a stack of 
hay by the way, caught about an 
hour's sleep, and then were up and 
away. Traveling down the river we 
found a Brother Benjamin Jones, 
who gave us some breakfast, after 
which we passed over the ferry, re 
plenished our bottle and walked 
through the town, passing several 
parties who were engaged in discus- 
sing the common topic of the day — 
the ' Mormons ' and their enemies. 

"From this place we passed down 
the river some twelve miles, where, 
near the close of the day, we secured 
a canoe, in which we passed further 
down the river, until the darkness 
of night rendered our navigation 
rather unsafe. We landed and kept 
ourselves warm with a fire, which we 
supplied during the night. In the 
morning we resumed our way and 
landed at De Witt about noon ; but 
the Saints had all gone, save a few 
who had been prevented by the loss 
of stock. Among these were Zenos 
H. Gurley and Brother Simons. 

••We took dinner with some of the 
mob residents of the place, and were 
told by them that being strangers 
we might be suspected of being Mor- 
mons, and consequently be unsafe in 
the place. Acting upon the sugges- 
tion we left town, on the road lead- 
ding to Carrollton.and found lodging 
with Mr. Thomas. In the morning 
we were early on the way, got break- 
fast with a citizen who lived near 
the point where the trail made by 
the brethren when they left De Witt 
diverged from the old road to the 
right. This trail we were traveling 
as fast as we could walk, when on 
turning abruptly around the point of 
a low ridge, we found ourselves in 
close proximity to two men on horse- 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



127 



back, with arms. Tbey were ques- 
tioning a Brother Clark (as we subse- 
quently learned) who was a stranger 
in the country, and was on the hunt 
for stock. A short distance ahead 
were some twenty men who were 
armed and mounted. The two dis- 
missed Brother Clark and rode to 
the company, returning to us with 
an addition to their number of some 
half a dozen, and made prisoners of 
us, asking who we were. We found 
in the company some men we had 
seen before in Daviess. 

"They had in a wagon a six 
pounder, which they were transport- 
ing to the north, at a cost of ten 
dollars per day. On this cannon, in 
the wagon, they allowed us to ride. 
At night we helped to take the can- 
non from the wagon and secrete it 
in the hazel thicket, to prevent a 
surprise from the "Mormons," and 
then they placed a guard of four men 
with us. In this way they kept us 
for four clays. 

"On the morning of the fifth day 
they told us we could go, but not to 
our friends, who were within seven 
miles of where we were. They forced 
us back on the road we came. We 
traveled some forty miles, in a light 
snow, and waded through Grand 
River. About nine o'clock at night 
we reached Brother York's house on 
Shoal Creek. They fed and refreshed 
us, and in the morning we started for 
Far West, where we arrived the next 
day. 

"I went directly to Daviess Coun- 
ty, where I found the cannon, on 
which Brother Dunn and I had ridden 
during our captivity, the breth- 
ren having captured it soon after 
our release. While here, we heard 
that the mob were gathering on the 
southern borders of our country. On 



receiving this news I repaired to 
Far West, where I borrowed a horse 
of some brother whose name I have 
forgotten. 

"A company of spies, composed 
of ten men, were raised, and I was 
appointed to take charge of them. 
We repaired to Crooked River, and 
quartered with Brother Pinkham. 

"From this point I went, taking 
with me Brother John Scott, to re- 
connoitre the country, leaving the 
residue of the company to keep a 
watch in the vicinity of their quar- 
ters. We extended our search as 
far as the mouth of Crooked River, 
where we found Father Cutler and 
family. We gave to him and the 
brethren in that region the best in- 
structions we could in the then exist- 
ing emergency. Thus we spent a 
few days. The night preceding the 
battle on Crooked River, I slept at 
Father Cutler's. About the dawn- 
ing of day I awoke Brother Scott 
and told him that the brethren had 
had a battle, for I had seen it. We 
arose, saddled our horses, rode ten 
miles and stopped with Brother 
Ewing to get some breakfast. While 
here the news of the battle was 
brought by two of the mob residents, 
who came to advise Brother Ewing 
to give up his arms, but the presence 
of Brother Scott and myself rendered 
the difference in our number rather 
against them. Our breakfast over, 
we secured the services of a guide, 
and we traveled directly across the 
country to Far West. When the 
light of day was gone, we were fur- 
nished with light from the burning 
prairie. 

"We arrived in Far West early on 
the morning of the 26th of October. 
I called at Brother Rigdon's, where 
I saw Brother O'Banion, who was 



128 



THE TWELVE ArOSTLES. 



dying of his wound, received at 
Crooked River. Some hours later, 
in the morning of the same day, the 
corpse of Brother David W. Patten 
was brought into town. 

"On the morning of the 30th of 
October a company of men, under 
command of Col. George M. Hinkle, 
of which I was one, started out into 
the country, hearing that there was 
a large force in the vicinity of 
Crooked River. When some five or 
six miles on the way, we learned 
that there was an army making their 
wa}< to Far West. On the receipt of 
this intelligence we commenced our 
retreat, in a circuitous route, to Far 
West. Passing the rear of the 
enemy, while they passed in, on the 
south of the city, within one mile of 
which they encamped, we entered it 
from the east near night, and joined 
our brethren, already formed in the 
line of defence on the south of the 
city. While the mob were making 
their way toward the city, they made 
a prisoner of Father John Tanner, 
whom they brutally treated, by strik- 
ing him on the head with a rifle. 
From the bleeding of his wounds he 
was besmeared from head to foot. He 
was kept one night, and then turned 
out to carry to his friends the corpse 
of the murdered Carter. 

"On the night of the 30th of Octo- 
ber we were engaged in preparing 
for defence, in and about the city, 
by throwing up a barricade made of 
cabin logs, fence rails and wagons, 
which were around the city. 

"On the 31st an invitation w r as 
sent for Brothers Joseph Smith, Sid- 
ney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley 
P. Pratt and George W. Robinson, 
to hold a conference with the officers 
of the army, which, however, even- 
tuated in their betrayal into the 



hands of their enemies, who cele- 
brated their success by a succession 
of demoniac yells that might have 
led one to conclude that hell with all 
its legions had joined in the triumph. 
Thus passed the night. 

"When we supposed that we might 
have been attacked by our enemies, 
we were ordered out by Col. Hinkle 
to lay down our arms by way of sur- 
render to our foes. This ungrateful 
requirement complied with, we were 
marched into the city and kept under 
guard for a time. Then our guard 
was extended to the limits of the 
city , and we were released from our 
closer confinement. After our par- 
tial release, I made a call on Bishop 
Partridge, and passing from his resi- 
dence, in the north, to the southern 
part of the town, I was, in passing 
the store of Col. Hinkle, pointed out 
to a party of the mob, who followed 
me a short distance and arrested me, 
stating they had orders from General 
Lucas to bring me to camp. 

"On my arrival in the camp I 
found myself associated with the 
prisoners, so treacherously taken the 
day previous, and also Brother 
Hyrum Smith and Alexander McRae. 
The night was rather an unpleasant 
one, on account of the inclemency of 
the weather, from which we had no 
protection. During the night the 
far-famed court martial was held, 
by which we were all sentenced to be 
shot in the morning. From the ex- 
ecution of this merciless sentence we 
were saved by the opposition of Gen- 
eral Doniphan ; and long may he live 
to enjoy the reward of the soul en- 
nobling qualities that exalted him in- 
comparably above the priest-ridden, 
blood}' rabble around him. 

"On the morning of November the 
2nd we were ordered to take our 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



129 



seats in a wagon, driven by Brother 
Stephen Markham, who had been 
pressed into their service. As we 
seated ourselves, William Beauman 
rushed up to the wagon, with his 
rifle cocked, swearing that Lyman 
Wight, who sat by my side, should 
not leave the ground alive. He was 
instantly disarmed by the captain of 
the guard, whose name was Jackson, 
and a guard placed, some twent} T - 
five feet from us, with orders to 
shoot the first who should show a 
disposition to crowd on us. 

"From the camp we moved, under 
a strong guard, into the city of Far 
West, where most of the prisoners 
were allowed to go and say their 
adieus to their heart-stricken and 
sorrowing families. While we halted 
here, the father and mother of Broth- 
ers Joseph and Hyrum Smith came 
to the wagon in which we were seat- 
ed to see their sons, as thej' thought 
for the last time, but the wagon was 
closely covered, and they were bru- 
tally refused the privilege of looking 
upon their children. 

"At lenght we left the scene of 
our sorrowing friends and started on 
our way to Independence. When 
about two miles from Far West, we 
passed the place where my family 
resided. I was allowed some five 
minutes to see my wife and get a 
change of clothing. I left my weep- 
ing wife and prattling babe, to en- 
counter my fate, in the land of my 
enemies. We camped one night 
before crossing the Missouri River, 
and arrived in Independence in the 
midst of a heavj* rain. We were 
taken through all the principal 
streets of the town and exhibited as 
the trophies of the victories of mob 
violence over innocence and truth. 
From the time of our arrival here 



the rigors of our confinement were 
considerably relaxed. 

"We were at length taken to Rich- 
mond, by the order of General 
Clark, where we were closely con- 
fined, being all bound together in 
one chain, and under a strong guard. 
In this way I remained, undergoing 
with my fellow prisoners an exparte 
examination, until the 24th of Nov- 
ember, when I was discharged ; and 
about 9 o'clock on Saturday I started 
for Far West. About 10 o'clock at 
night I met my wife in Brother 
Morse's house. 

"On Sunday, in company with my 
wife, I went to town, and several 
times in the course of the day, I met 
with several parties of the mob, 
whom I lea'ned, were searching for 
me to take me back to prison about 
sun-down. On the receipt of this in- 
formation 1 took measures to keep 
out of their way. 

"On the Sabbath, after my release. 
I met with Col. Hinkle, who dis- 
closed to me his heartless treachery 
by proposing that we should join 
and go to the south, and there build 
up a church for ourselves, as the 
Prophet was in trouble from which 
he would not escape. 

"About this time I was elected 
Justice of the Peace ; and about the 
time of the committal of the brethren 
to prison, I was taken sick with a 
swelling on my left arm. My sickness 
soon reduced me to a state of utter 
helplessness, when I was carried to 
the house of Brother SolomonDaniels. 
where, by the kindness of my friends 
and the blessing of the Lord, I slowly 
recovered.- During my illness I was 
closely watched by Capt. Bogart and 
his emissaries. 

"Before I had recovered, Brother 
Daniels and family removed to Illi- 



130 



THE TWT.LVE APOSTLES. 



nois. and took with them uu' family, 
leaving me to aid the brethren in the 
matter of disposing of their land, 
which the most of them were forced 
to do b3 T the oppression of the mob. 

"I boarded with Brother Theodore 
Turley' s family. Sister Turley was 
most kind and unremitting in her 
attention to my comfort. Under her 
treatment I regained my health and 
remained until March, 1839, when I 
went to Quincy, Illinois. There I 
found my family still with Brother 
Daniels' family, with whom they con- 
tinued a few months. 

••During this spring I went (in 
company with Brothers Charles C. 
Rich. Seymour Brunson and John 
Killyon) to Missouri to visit P. P. 
Pratt, who was being carried on a 
charge of venue from Richmond, Ray 
Counts, to Columbia, Boone County. 
"We were frustrated in our intentions 
to assist Brother Pratt and others, 
by the misrepresentation of matters 
between us and them, by Watson 
Barlow, who came from Quincy to 
see the prisoners, and was known as 
a "Mormon", while we were traveling 
incog. 

••< >n the strength of Barlow's rep- 
resentation I went to Quincy and 
returned again to Columbia, but was 
again defeated, as before, and re- 
turned, leaving our friends to their 
fate. Brother Pratt told me after- 
wards, that they were ready to have 
acted upon our first proposition for 
their rescue. Our plan was the same 
as that on which they came out on 
the fourth of Jul} 7 , subsequently. 

"The above with a dangerous trip 
to the western part of Missouri, to 
attend to some unsettled business, 
occupied the most of the summer. 
In the fall I went, with my family, 
to spend the winter with my old 



friend Justus Morse, in McDonough 
County. I remained here until 
spring. 

"Early in the spring of 1840, I 
went to Iowa, on the half-breed tract, 
in Lee County, where I built a cabin, 
to which I moved my family. A por- 
tion of thi9 summer I spent on the 
Mississippi River, boating wood to 
St. Louis. From this work I returned 
in the fall, sick. 

"In the spring of 1841 I moved 
my family to Nauvoo, and occupied 
a part of a house belonging to Brother 
Osmyn M. Duel, and worked with 
Brother Theodore Turley in his shop 
at repairing guns, and other work. 
I had been thus engaged a short 
time, when Brother Charles Shum- 
way, from Northern Illinois, called 
on Brother Joseph for Elders to go 
home with him to preach in that 
couDtry. The Prophet sent him to 
me, with directions that I should go. 

••The steamer on which we were 
to go up the river was in sight when 
I received the word in the shop. I 
went to my home, one mile distant, 
took leave of my family, and was at 
the landing as the boat rounded to. 
We went on board of the boat, which 
I left at Galena. I preached in this 
region, and in Wisconsin, until Octo- 
ber, when I returned to Nauvoo, 
where I arrived on the last day of 
the conference, in the afternoon. 

"During the conference I was ap- 
pointed a mission to the city of New 
York. This was countermanded by 
the Prophet ; and during the winter 
I went, in company with Peter Haws, 
on a mission to secure means to build 
the Temple and Nauvoo House. We 
went as far east as Indiana. 

"In the spring of 1842, I went on 
a mission to the State of Tennessee, 
accompanied by II. K. Whitney and 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



131 



Adam Lightner and also Williams 
Camp, from whom we had the promise 
of some help on the public buildings. 
In this we were disappointed. I was 
joined in the mission by Elder 
Lyman Wight, one of the Twelve 
Apostles. 

•'After our failure to accomplish 
what we expected to with Brother 
Camp, we returned to Nauvoo. While 
on this mission I held one public 
discussion with Thomas Smith, a 
Methodist presiding Elder, and bap- 
tized some of his church. 

"Subsequent to my return to Nau- 
voo, I was ordained to the Apostle- 
ship August 20, 1842, and on Sep- 
tember 10th I started on a mission 
to Southern Illinois, in company with 
George A. Smith. Some portion of 
our time, on this mission, we were 
in the company of Prests. Brigham 
Young and Heber C. Kimball. From 
this mission we returned Oct. 4th. 

"The following winter I was en- 
gaged by the Prophet to move my 
family to Shockoquon, in Henderson 
County, where he had bought some 
property. I repaired to the place 
where I superintended the survejdng 
of the town site and commenced 
building. I remained here until the 
following summer (1843). When the 
Prophet was kidnapped, I partici- 
pated in the efforts that resulted in 
his rescue. 

"On my return from this expedi- 
tion I was taken ill and became help- 
less, in which condition I was taken 
to Nauvoo, from where, (when I had 
partially recovered from my sick- 
ness,) I was sent on a mission to the 
State of Indiana, taking with me my 
family. I went to the small inland 
town of Alquina, Fayette Co., where 
my family resided, while I traveled 
through the surrounding counties, ' 



preaching as opportunity offered. In 
this manner I passed the time until 
the spring of 1844, when I repaired 
to Nauvoo to attend the April Con- 
ference, at which it was determined 
that I should go to the city of Boston. 

"A few days after the conference, 
I had an interview with the Prophet, 
in which he taught me some prin- 
ciples * * * * on celestial marriage. 
On the day of my parting with him, 
he said, as he warmly grasped my 
hand for the last time, 'Brother 
Amasa, go and practice on the prin- 
ciples I have taught you, and God 
bless } T ou.' 

"I returned to Alquina, and pros- 
ecuted my labor of preaching in the 
country, until the 1st of June, when 
I repaired to Cincinnati, where I re- 
mained until July, when I received 
the news of the murder of the Prophet 
and Patriarch, Joseph and Hyrum 
Smith. A few days later Brother 
Adams arrived, and confirmed what 
we had heard of the murder. He 
was also the bearer of a call to my- 
self, to return immediately to Nau- 
voo, and in response to this call I re- 
paired to Nauvoo, where I arrived 
on the 31st of July." 

Having attended the special meet- 
ing at Nauvoo, Aug. 8, 1844, in 
which the Twelve Apostles were ac- 
knowledged as the presiding quorum 
of the Church, Apostle Lyman, as 
a member of that quorum, continued 
to take an active part in all the 
affairs of the Church. He rendered 
efficient aid during the exodus of 
the Saints from Illinois in 1846 and 
was one of the Pioneers of 1847, re- 
turning to Winter Quarters in the 
fall of the same year. The follow- 
ing year he led a large company of 
emigrants to G. S. L, Valley. After 
this he was appointed on a mission 



132 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



to California, from which he returned 
Sept. 30, 1850. In 1851 he and 
Apostle C. C. Rich were called to 
lead a company of settlers to Cal- 
ifornia, which started from Payson, 
Utah Co., March 24, 1851, and ar- 
rived at San Bernardino, Cal., in the 
following June. A few months later 
(Sept.) the rancheof San Bernardino 
was purchased, and a settlement 
located, which was continued until 
1858, when, on account of the hos- 
tilities between Utah and the United 
States, it was broken up ; the inhab- 
itants removed to Utah. In 1860 
Elder Lyman was sent on a mission 
to Great Britain, arriving in Liver- 
pool, England, July 27th. In con- 
nection with Apostle C. C. Rich he 
presided over the European Mission 
until May 14, 18G2, when he em- 
barked to, return home. While on 
this mission he delivered a remark- 
able sermon at Dundee, Scotland, 
on March 16, 1862, in which he de- 
nied the atonement of the Savior. 
Some years later he was summoned 
to meet before the First Presidency 
of the Church to answer to the charge 
of having preached false doctrines. 
He acknowledged his error and signed 
a document, dated Jan. 23, 1867, in 
which he also asked the forgiveness 
of the Saints. But soon afterwards 
he again preached in the same strain, 
and was finally excommunicated from 
the Church, May 12, 1870. He 
died in Fillmore, Millard Co., Utah, 
Feb. 4, 1877. 

EZRA TAFT BENSON. 

The first son of John and Chloe 
Benson, was born Feb. 22, 1811, in 
Mendon, Worcester Co., Mass. His 
father was a farmer and a very in- 
dustrious man — a quality which his 
son inherited -- and Ezra T. lived 



with him, helping him on the farm 
until he was sixteen years old. He 
then went to live with his sister and 
her husband, who were keeping a 
hotel in the centre of the town of 
Uxbridge. With them he remained 
three years. His grandfather Benson 
was also a farmer and while engaged 
at work in the field he fell and sud- 
denly died. 

At the death of his grandfather, 
by the request of his grandmother, 
young Ezra T. took charge of the 
farm, and when twenty years old he 
married Pamelia, the daughter of 
Jonathan H. and Lucina Andrus, of 
Northbridge, Worcester Co., Mass. 
In 1832 he moved from the farm and 
bought out his brother-in-law, the 
hotel-keeper, and kept the house 
about two years. In this business he 
made considerable money, which he 
invested in hiring a cotton-mill and 
commencing, with his wife's brother, 
the manufacture of cotton in the 
towu of Holland, Mass. Through a 
combination of causes, over which he 
had no control, he lost money in this 
business, and retiring from it took a 
hotel in the same town. He was also 
appointed postmaster. Though he 
made money in this business he 
could not be content ; he had a desire 
to visit the West. In the spring of 
1837 he had his family started. While 
in Philadelphia he made the acquaint- 
ance of a gentleman who spoke dis- 
couragingly about the West, and 
persuaded him to go to the town of 
Salem, and he would assist him to 
go into business. He remained in 
this place one year, and though his 
neighbours offered to render him any 
assistance he might need to establish 
himself in business, he still yearned 
for the West, and he started in that 
direction. He touched at St. Louis, 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



133 



obtained a small stock of goods, and 
then went up the Illinois River, not 
knowing where he should land. But 
while on the river he made the ac- 
quaintance of a man, who proved to 
be his father's cousin. He was living 
at Griggsville, Illinois, and at that 
town he concluded to stop. But he 
did not remain long there. He moved 
to Lexington, in the same State, and 
afterwards to the mouth of the Little 
Blue, where he and a man by the 
name of Isaac Hill laid out a town 
and called it Pike. Here he built 
himself a dwelling-house and a ware- 
house. But the place was sickly, 
and he was restless. In relation to 
these days, he afterwards said that 
he felt the Lord was preparing him 
for the future which awaited him, 
and later he could understand why 
he could not feel contented in the 
various places where he visited, and 
where, so far as worldly prospects 
were concerned, he had every oppor- 
tunity of doing well. 

Earl}* in 1839 he heard of Quincy, 
Illinois, and he was led to go there 
in search of a home. There he met 
with the Latter-day Saints, who had 
just been driven out of Missouri by 
mob violence. He heard the}* were 
a very peculiar people ; yet, in listen- 
ing to the preaching of their Elders, 
and in conversation with themselves, 
he found them very agreeable. He 
boarded, during the winter, with a 
family of Latter-day Saints, and 
formed a high opinion of them. In 
the spring of 1840 he secured two 
acres of land in the town, fenced it 
in. and built a house upon it. Dur- 
ing this time he still associated with 
the Latter-day Saints, and his sym- 
pathies were much moved towards 
them, and he held conversations with 
them about their principles. A 



debate was held in Quincy between 
the Latter-day Saints and Dr. Nel- 
son, who was opposed to them, at 
which the Prophet Joseph was pres- 
ent. Erom this debate he became 
convinced that the Latter-day Saints 
were believers in and observers of 
the truths of the Bible. Though 
pleased that the Saints had come 
off victorious, he had no idea at that 
time that he would ever become one 
himself, yet their principles were the 
chief topic of conversation with him- 
self and family and neighbors, and 
he and his wife attended their meet- 
ings. His wife was the first to avow 
her belief in the doctrines, and when 
the word went out that they were 
believers in what was called "Mor- 
monism" a strong effort was made 
to get him to join a sectarian church. 
Elders Orson Hyde and John E. 
Page visited Quincy about this time, 
having started on their mission to 
Jerusalem, to which they had been 
appointed. Their preaching seemed 
to have the effect to remove what- 
ever doubts there were remaining, 
and he and his wife were baptized 
by the President of the Quincy 
Branch, July 19, 1840. 

In the fall he went to the confer- 
ence at Nauvoo, and was ordained 
an Elder. After his return to Quincy, 
he was visited by President Hyrum 
Smith, who ordained him a High 
Priest, and appointed him to be sec- 
ond Counselor to the President of 
the Stake, which he had organized 
there. About the first of April, 1841. 
he moved to Nauvoo. He bought a 
lot, fenced and improved it, and 
built a log house upon it. June 1. 
1842, he started on a mission to the 
Eastern States, where he remained 
until the fall of 1843. He returned 
and remained until May, 1844, when 



134 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



he again started east in companj' 
with Elder John Pack. When the 
news of the death of Joseph, the 
Prophet, reached them, they re- 
turned. That fall he was called to 
be a member of the High Council in 
Nauvoo, and in December of that 
year was again sent east on a 
mission. He presided over the 
Boston Conference until the begin- 
ning of May, 1845, when he was 
counseled to gather up all the Saints 
who could go and move them out to 
Nauvoo. The remainder of that sum- 
mer and fall he worked on the Tem- 
ple, and at night frequently stood 
guard to keep off the mob. He 
moved out of Nauvoo with his family 
in the first company in 1846. At Mount 
Pisgah he was appointed a Counselor 
to Father William Huntington. While 
at this place he received a letter from 
President Young informing him of 
his appointment to the Quorum of 
the Twelve, instead of John E. Page. 
He moved up to the main camp at 
Council Bluffs, where he was or- 
dained to the Apostleship, July 16, 
1846. He shortly afterwards was 
sent east on a mission, from which 
he returned Nov. 27, 1846. The 
next spring he accompanied Presi- 
dent Young as one of the Pioneers 
to G. S. L. Valley, and after their 
arrival there he was sent back to meet 
the companies which were coming 
on, to inform them that a place of 
settlement had been found. After 
he met the companies he returned to 
the valley, and then started back to 
Winter Quarters with the Pioneers. 
Another mission east had to be per- 
formed, and he left the camp about 
the last daj* of 1847, and was absent 
several months. Upon his return he 
was appointed to preside in Potta- 
wattamie County, Iowa, being asso- 



ciated with President Orson Hyde 
and George A. Smith. In 1849, in 
company with President Smith, he 
moved to the valley. He was danger- 
ousl} r sick on the road, and was not 
expected to live ; but the camp fasted 
and prayed for him, and he recov- 
ered. In 1851 he left the valley on 
a mission to Pottawattamie County, 
to gather up the Saints, and returned 
in August, 1852. In 1856 he was 
appointed a mission to Europe, and, 
with Elder Orson Pratt, presided 
over the British Mission until the 
fall of 1857, when he returned home. 
In 1860 he was appointed to preside 
in Cache Valley, at which point he 
continued to reside until his death. 
With Apostle Lorenzo Snow, and 
accompanied by Elders Joseph F. 
Smith, W. W. Cluff and A. L. Smith, 
he went on a mission to the Sand- 
wich Islands in 1864, and the boat 
in which they were landing on one 
of the islands capsized. Brothers 
Benson and Snow were almost mirac- 
ulously saved from drowning. Hav- 
ing successfully performed their mis- 
sion, they returned to Utah, this 
being the last time E. T. Benson left 
the Territory. 

Besides performing these missions, 
Elder Benson filled many important 
missions at home. He was also a 
member of the Provisional State of 
Deseret, previous to the organization 
of the Territory ; was a member of 
the Territorial House of Representa- 
tives for several sessions, and during 
the last ten years of his life he was 
elected to the Territorial Counci' 
every term. In 1869 he associated 
himself with Brothers Lorin Farr and 
Chauncey W. West in taking a large 
grading contract on the Central Paci- 
fic Railway. The fact that he was 
not able to obtain a settlement with 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



135 



the railway company caused him 
considerable anxiety. On Oct. 3, 
1869, just as he had arrived at Ogden 
from his home in Logan, he died 



suddenly while doctoring a sick horse. 
His body was conveyed to Logan, 
where the funeral took place the 
following Sunday (Sept. 5th). 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



RUSSELL, (Isaac,) one of the first Latter- 
day Saint missionaries to Great Britain, was 
born April 13, 1807, in Windy Hall, Cumber- 
land Co., England. His father's name was 
Wm. Russell, and the family genealogy can 
be traced through Normandy back to Oluf, 
the so-called "sharp eyed" king of Nerike, a 
province of Sweden. Isaac Russell, who 
was the youngest of thirteen children, emi- 
grated to America, together with his parents, 
being then but a boy ten years of age. They 
settled in Upper Canada. Shortly after their 
arrival there Russell apprenticed himself to 
a cabinet-maker, with whom he served seven 
years. At Scarborough he became acquainted 
with Miss Mary Walton, whom he subse- 
quently married in Toronto, June 25, 1829. 
In his younger days he exhibited much in- 
telligence, and an unusual degree of fondness 
for literature, frequently being discovered 
by his parents in the perusal of books, when 
perpaps his labors were looked for else- 
where. Subsequently he allied himself to 
the Methodist Church, becoming a class- 
leader, and his integrity won for him the 
respect and confidence of all his associates. 
In 1830 he first heard the fullness of the 
Gospel pieached, and was baptized in the 
spring of that year in Charlton settlement, 
eight miles north of Toronto, by Apostle 
Parley P. Pratt, who had just introduced 
"Mormonism" into the province. After 
listening to Elder Pratt's first sermon, Isaac 
Russell suddenly arose to hisfeet,exclaming: 
"This is the Gospel that I wish to live and 
die by." Soon after his ordination to the 
oflice of an Elder, he was sent out to preach 
the Gospel in the adjacent country, baptizing 
quite a number of friends and acquaintan- 
ces. He also contributed liberally of his 
meaus towards the spreading of the Gospel. 
On one occasion he donated f 100 to Parley 
P. Pratt, when the latter returned to Kirt- 
land- Soon afterwards he sold his farm, and 
removed with his family to Kirtland, Ohio, 
in the spring of 1837. There he purchased 
another farm of 160 acres. In connection 
with Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde and 
others he was called to open the door of the 
<iospel in England- Leaving his family in 
the care of his brother-in-law, Brother John 
Dawson, he left Kirtland on June 13, 1837, 
crossing the Atlantic in the ship Garrick, 



and landing in Liverpool July 20th. Not long 
after their arrival the well-known but re- 
markable effort of the adversary to retard 
the progress of their mission was exhibited; 
but through faith, praers and administra- 
tions the Elders gained the victory. While 
on this mission, Elder Russell's time was 
constantly occupied in preaching, baptizing 
and building up branches. In the county of 
Cumberland alone he was instrumental in 
bringing some sixty souls into the Church. 
Once he was offered a large salary if he 
would accept a position as preacher in the 
Episcopal Church, which he promptly re- 
fused, preferring to teach the truth without 
purse or scrip. After a successful mission 
Elders Kimball, Hyde and Russell sailed 
from Liverpool April 20, 1838, and, after 224 
days' sailing, during which time consider- 
able rough weather was experienced, they 
landed in New York May 12th. From there 
they continued to Kirtland, where they ar- 
rived on the 22nd of May, having been absent 
about eleven months. Preparations were 
shortly afterwards made to remove to Mis- 
souri, where Russell, together with Jacob 
Scott and families, arrived in the latter part 
of September, having traveled on land and 
water a distance of eighteen hundred miles. 
At the time the mob-militia, ordered out by 
Gov. Boggs, marched on Far West, he was 
at De Witt, Carroll Co., whither he had been 
sent by the Prophet Joseph to assist a com- 
pany of Canadian Saints, who were attacked 
by a mob. This fact probably accounts for 
his not being taken prisoner with the 
Prophet and others. On the night of April 
26, 1839, when the secret conference was 
held by members of the Twelve at Far West, 
upwards of thirty persons were excommuni- 
cated from the Church without a hearing, 
Isaac Russell being one of the number. 
Theodore Turley, who had also been present 
on that occasion, called on Brother Russell 
afterwards and informed him what had oc- 
curred and bade him good bye. Turley subse- 
quently, in Utah, related to Russell's sons, 
Samuel and George, that he was present at 
the conference near Quincy, 111 , where Jo- 
seph was informed of the proceedings at Far 
West, and that the Prophet there arose with 
tears in his eyes, and, referring to Isaac 
Russell, said that he felt to bless him and 



I3(i 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



that he should be blessed. It is a fact worth 
recording that Brother Russell never took 
sides with the enemy either in word or deed. 
On the occasion of an election in Far "West, 
after the Saints had been driven away, he 
took hi- stand in the public square, ad- 
dressed a large assembly of Missourians on 
the principles of the Gospel and spoke 
fearlessly of judgments that would even- 
tually overtake them, in consequenceof their 
persecution of the Saints. He was, some 
time after this, taken by the mob in connec- 
tion with Win. Dawson, a present resident 
of Lein, Utah, and given the choice between 
vacating die place and being shot. Refusing 
e, they then threatened to whip him, 
and was about to execute the threat, when 
Mr. Mann, one of the mobbers interfered, 
swearing that he would kill the iirst man 
who laid a hand upon him. He then or- 
dered Russell and his companion to return 
home, whence he accompanied them and 
guarded them through the night. The mob 
frequently ordered Russell to call out all his 
children, and place them in a row, to be 
shot, but the >ix children still live in full 
faith and fellowship in the mountain vales. 
- once taken by the mob, and marched 
at the point of firearms to a place in Far 
West, where a mock trial was being held. 
There he was sold for six months, on the 
ridiculous charge of being a vagrant, to one 
John Ragland, of Daviess County. Together 
with his family, excepting his eldest son, he 
out thi> term to within a few weeks, 
being finally let off because of his good be- 
havior. The mobbers adopted this plan 
merely for the purpose ol getting him away 
from his possessions that they might have 
full -way. After his liberation from this 
unjust servitude, he removed with his fam- 
ily to Richmond, Hay Co., where he worked 
at hi< trade as a carpenter for about one 
year. Then he rented a farm in connection 
with his brother-in-law,. John Dawson,some 
three miles east of Richmond, where he 
finally died Sept. 25, 1844, leaving a wife, who 
has since died, and six children, who still re- 
side in Utah and Arizona. Just before he 
lireat lied hi- last, he remarked to his wife that 
he had the promise from the Lord that his 
children should never lack for bread, a pre- 
diction that has been fulfilled in all instances. 
,nty road, which was afterwards sur- 
veyed, ran directly over his grave, leaving 
it in the center. His daughter Sarah,of Salt 
Lake City, Utah, vi-ited the spot about ten 



years ago, and found the grave unmolested; 
the teams all bavin;; driven on either side of 
it. She also renewed the paling around the 
grave. Some years previous to his death a 
somewhat remarkable case of healing oc- 
curred under the hands of Isaac Russell to 
Mathew Walton, who was restored to health 
almost immediately. On one occasion he 
was thrown into Richmond Jail for alleged 
contempt of court, by the notorious Judge 
Austin A. King, but was bailed out the 
following day. His upright, straight -for- 
ward life obtained for him the love of all 
associates who truly knew him. A short 
time before his death, he remarked to his 
nephew that great good would yet result 
from "Mormonism"; and before leaving 
England he said in a Bermon that what he 
then taught was the Gospel of truth, no 
matter what might afterward- become of 
him. Ileber C. Kimball, in presence of the 
writer of this sketch, said that Isaac Russell 
was the- finest speaker he had ever heard. 

Geo. w. Russell. 

SMITH, (CHLOE,) a young woman, who 
was miraculously healed under the adminis- 
tration of the Prophet Joseph Smith. She, 
being an early member of the Church, was 
lying very low with a lingering lever, in the 
summer of 1831, with a family who occupied 
one of the houses on the farm of Isaac Mor- 
ley, in Kirtland, Ohio. Many members of 
the Church had visited and prayed with 
her, but all to no effect; she seemed at the 
point of death, DUl would not conseill to 
have a physician. Thi.- greatly enraged her 
relatives, who had cast her out because she 
belonged to the Church, and who, together 
with many of the people of 'he neighbor- 
hood, were greatly stirred up to anger, 
saying, "These wicked deceivers will lei her 
lie" and die without a physician, because of 
their superstitions; and il they do, we will 
prosecute them for so doing." These were 
daily watching for her last breath, with many 
threats. Under these circumstances, Joseph 
Smith and Parley P. Pratt, with several other 
Elders, called to see her. She was so low that 
no one had been allowed for some day- pre- 
vious to -peak above a whisper in her pres- 
ence, and even the door of the log dwelling 
was muffled with cloths to prevent a noise. 
The Elders kneeled down and prayed vo- 
cally all around, each in t urn : alter which 
Presidenl Smith arose, went to the bedside, 
took her by the hand, ami said unto herwitb 
a loud voice, "In the name of Jesus Christ 
arise and walk!" She immediately arose, 
was dressed by a woman in attendance, 
when she walked to a chair before the lire, 
and was seated and joined in Binging a hymn. 
The house was thronged with people in a 
few moments, and the young lady arose and 
-hook hands with them" as they came in; and 
from that minute she wa- perfectly restored 
to health. 



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"Wliat thou seest, write in a book." Rev. 1, 11. 



No. 2. 



FEBRUARY, 1887. 



Vol. VI. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



CHARLES COULSON RICH, 
A son of Joseph Rich and Nancy 
O. Neal, was born in Campbell 
County, Kentucky, Aug. 21, 1809; 
was baptized into the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints by Ira 
M. Hinkley in Tazewell County, Illi- 
nois, April 1, 1832, and ordained an 
Elder in Fountain County, Indiana, 
by Zebedee Coltrin, while en route 
to Kirtlind to see the Prophet Jo- 
seph. He received his endowments 
in the Kirtland Temple, and was or- 
dained a High Priest under the hands 
of Patriarch Hyrum Smith, at Kirt- 
land. He moved, with his father, to 
Far West, Missouri, in 1836, and 
was married to Sarah D. Pea, Feb- 
ruary 11, 1837, near Caldwell County. 
Missouri, by George M. Hinkle. 

Brother Rich took a prominent 
part with the Saints in all the perse- 
cutions in Missouri. While carrying 
a flag of truce between the camp of 
the Saints and mobocrats, at Far 
West, he was shot at, about ten 
yards distant, by Samuel Bogart, a 
Methodist preacher and a mob officer. 
At the battle of Crooked River, when 
D. W. Patten fell mortally wounded, 
and while bullets were flying thick 
and fast, he laid down his sword in 



the heat of the battle and admin- 
istered the ordinance of laying on 
hands to the dying hero ; after which 
he resumed the sword, assumed com- 
mand, and the battle of Crooked 
River was won by the Saints. Be- 
cause of the prominent part he took 
in the Missouri troubles, he was 
forced to flee for his life through the 
wilderness into Illinois. He was or- 
dained a member of the High Coun- 
cil in Nauvoo, and was also a mem- 
ber of the City Council. He left 
Nauvoo on the 13th of February, 
1846, and presided over Mount Pisgah 
branch the following winter. Left 
Pisgah March 20, 1847, for Winter 
Quarters, starting for Salt Lake Valley 
June 14, 1847, in charge of a corn- 
pan}- of moving Saints. He arrived 
in Salt Lake Valley October 3, 1*47. 
During the absence of the Twelve, 
on their return to Winter Quarters, 
he acted in the valley as Counselor 
to Father John Smith, who was left 
to preside over the colony. 

Elder Rich was ordained a member 
of the Quorum of the Twelve Apos- 
tles February 12, 1840, and started 
on a mission to California on the 9th 
of the following October, returning 
home November 4, 1850. He again 



138 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



started for California, March 6,1851, 
with a portion of his family and a 
company of Saints by the southern 
route, to purchase a place for the 
location of the Saints that might be 
gathered from the islands of the Pa- 
cific. With Elder AmasaM. Lyman, 
in September, 1851, he purchased 
the rancho of San Bernardino, con- 
taining about one hundred thousand 
acres of land, for the sum of $77,500, 
to which place the company removed 
and began the foundation and settle- 
ment of what is now one of the 
richest and finest countries in south- 
ern California. When the Buchanan 
war broke out, the rancho of San 
Bernardino was sold, and the Saints 
returned to Utah. Brother Rich leav- 
ing there April 16, 1857, arrived in 
Salt Lake Citj' in June of the same 
year. He accompanied Gen. Daniel 
H. Wells to Echo Canyon and Fort 
Bridger during the Buchanan war, 
rendering valuable counsel and aid. 
In 1860 he was called on a mission 
to England, and for a time was as- 
sociated with Elder Amasa M. Lyman 
in the Presidency of the European 
Mission. He returned home in 1862. 
In the autumn of 1863 he explored 
Bear Lake Valle}' and moved his 
family there the following spring. 
He was a natural pioneer and was 
the leader of the original settlers to 
that valley, where he resided until 
his death, continuing to be the main 
director in the establishment of 
towns and settlements in that region. 
Rich County, the extreme northern 
county of Utah, was named in honor 
of him. "During the early years of 
the Bear Lake settlements, the only 
means by which tlue residents could 
get their mails from, or have any 
communication with the valleys 
farther south, when the snow was 



deep in the mountains, was by cross- 
ing on snow-shoes. When others 
would shrink from the dangerous 
undertaking of traversing: the moun- 
tains at such seasons, when terrific 
storms prevailed, Brother Rich would 
set out. His wonderful strength and 
great powers of endurance, of which 
he never seemed to know the limit, 
and his almost intuitive knowledge 
of the country, always enabled him 
to go through, though in doing so he 
sometimes bore fatigue enough to 
kill an ordinary man. He made 
many of these hazardous journej^s 
over the mountains ; indeed for a 
number of } T ears that was his usual 
mode of traveling when going to 
Salt Lake City to attend the session 
of the Legislature, or returning from 
the same. 

In the early da}-s of the Church 
Elder Rich figured conspicuously as 
a military man and was distinguished 
for his coolness and bravery. He 
held the office of major-general in 
the Nauvoo Legion, and was by many 
familiarly called General Rich up to 
the day of his death. When an at- 
tempt was made to kidnap the 
Prophet Joseph Smith and take him 
to Missouri, Brother Rich, at the 
heart of twenty-five men, started out 
from Nauvoo to render him assist- 
ance, and returned after having trav- 
eled about five hundred miles on 
horseback in seven days. In the 
political affairs of Utah he served 
several terms as a member of the 
Council and House in the Territorial 
Legislature. Throughout his life- 
time he was less noted for his brill- 
iant talents than for his real good- 
ness. He was a man of generous 
impulses, and seemed to live for the 
happiness of others rather than his 
own. Cheerful, honest, industrious, 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



139 



benevolent, extending substantial 
sympathy to those in need, and giv- 
ing fatherly counsel to and setting a 
worthy example before all around 
him, he moved on through life, hon- 
ored and beloved by all who knew 
him. On Oct. 24, 1880, he was 
stricken with paralysis and died at 
his home in Paris, Bear Lake Co., 
Idaho, Nov. 17, 1883. During all 
these three years of affliction he was 
never heard to complain or in an} 7 
manner evince anything but a spirit 
of the utmost contentment and res- 
ignation. 

LORENZO SNOW, 
A son of Oliver Snow and Rosetta 
L. Pettibone, was born April 3, 1814, 
in Mantua, Portage Co., Ohio. The 
following brief sketch of his life was 
written by his illustrious sister, Eliza 
R. Snow : 

"Our father was a native of Mas- 
sachusetts — our mother, of Connect- 
icut, and were descendants of the 
genuine Puritan stock — those who 
fled from religious persecution in 
the ' old world ' and landed on ' Ply- 
mouth Rock,' of historic celebrity. 

"Early in the settlement of that 
portion of country now known as 
'Middle States,' our parents with 
their family, consisting of two daugh- 
ters, Lenora Abigail and Eliza Roxcy, 
the writer of this history, left the 
home of their youth, and moved to 
what was at that period considered 
the extreme west, or, as it was 
sometimes styled 'the jumping off 
place,' and settled in Mantua, Por- 
tage Co , Ohio, making the eleventh 
family in the township. There two 
daughters and three sons Avere added 
to the famiry, to-wit: Amanda Percy, 
Malissa, Lorenzo, Lucius Augustus 
and Samuel Pearce. 

"Many times and with intense in- 
terest have their children listened to 
recitals of the hardships our parents 
encountered and the privations they 
endured in that new and heavily 



timbered country, so very forbidding 
when compared with the beautiful 
prairie landscapes of the west. But 
as true and worthy representatives 
of our noble ancestors, they were 
proof against discouragement — sur- 
mounted every difficulty, and through 
the blessings of God on their efforts, 
created for them and their children 
an enviable home. * * ' * 

' 'In their religious faith our parents 
were by profession, Baptists, but not 
of the rigid, iron bedstead order: 
their house was a resort for the 
good and intelligent of all denomina- 
tions, and their hospitality proverbial. 
Thus, as their children grew up. we 
had ample opportunities for forming 
acquaintances with the erudite of all 
religious persuasions. 

"Without the least shadow of van- 
ity we can truly say of our parents, 
their integrity was unimpeachable, 
and they were trustworthy in all the 
social relations and business trans- 
• actions of life ; and carefully trained 
their children to habits of industry, 
economy and strict morality, and ex- 
tended to them the best facilities for 
scholastic education the country at 
that time afforded. 

"Although a farmer by occupation, 
father was much abroad on public 
business, and Lorenzo, being the 
eldest of the three brothers, was left 
in charge, and early in life became 
accustomed to responsibilities which 
he discharged with scrupulous punc- 
tuality and that inflexibility of pur- 
pose which insures success ; and from 
early childhood exhibited the energy 
and decision of character which have 
marked his progress in subsequent 
life. An unseen hand evidently was 
guiding him, for in his boyhood, he 
was energetical!} 7 yet unconsciously 
preparing for the position in life he 
was destined to fill. Ever a student 
at home as well as in school (most 
of his schooling after his twelfth 
year was during the winter terms), 
his book was his constant companion 
when disengaged from filial duties ; 
and when sought by associates, 'hid 
up with his book' became proverbial. 
With the exception of a special term 



140 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



of tuition under a Hebrew professor, 
be completed his scholastic training 
in Oberlin College, which at that 
time was exclusively a Presbyterian 
institution. It was through the solic- 
itation of an intimate friend who was 
connected with tbe college, that he 
was induced to enter, and through 
whose influence he was admitted as 
a special favor. 

• 'Although religiously trained from 
infancy, up to this time my brother 
had devoted little or no attention to 
the subject of religion, at least, not 
sufficiently to decide in preference of 
an} r particular sect. 

''In the progress of his develop- 
ment, his ambition strongly led in 
the direction of military distinction, 
so much so, that, watching with a 
sisterly jealous e\ T e the steps one by 
one, by which he gained promotion 
in the military road to honor, I 
feared lest in the course of human 
events his path might lead to the 
battle field and his earthly career* 
prematurely close on a gory bed. I 
frequently plead, entreated, and at 
times exhausted my whole capital 
stock of persausion to no purpose. 
He must have a first class military 
suit, and no one couid make it so 
precisely to his liking as his sister : 
his sister had made his ' freedom 
suit' (at the time referred he had 
passed his twenty-first year) which 
every one admired — it fitted him ex- 
actly, and now this most important 
of all mortal habiliments should be 
entrusted to no other skill. I made 
the suit — it was beautifully magnifi- 
cent, and my brother donned it with 
as much, if not of military pride, of 
self-satisfaction as ever Napoleon 
won a battle ; but of short duration, 
for he soon felt that his ambition 
could not be satisfied without a com- 
plete collegiate course of education. 
Determined on this, he disposed of 
his lovely paternal inheritance and 
started for Oberlin. His classical 
purpose was very satisfactory to my 
views — forming a permanent quietus 
to my . imaginary military forebod- 
ings. 

"On his way to Oberlin my brother 



accidentally fell in company with 
Elder David W. Patten, an incident 
to which he frequently refers as one 
of those seemingly trivial occurrences 
in human life which leave an in- 
delible trace. This gentleman was 
an early champion of the fullness of 
the Gospel, as taught by Jesus and 
his Apostles in the meridian of time, 
and revealed in our own day through 
the Prophet Joseph Smith ; to which 
cause Elder Patten fell a martyr Oc- 
tober 24, 1838, in Missouri, during 
the terrible scenes of persecution, 
through which the Latter-day Saints 
passed in that State. He possessed 
a mind of deep thought and rich in- 
telligence. In conversation with him 
my brother was much impressed with 
the depth and beauty of the philo- 
sophical reasoning with which this 
inspired Elder seemed perfect^ fa- 
miliar, as he reasoned on the condi- 
tion of the human family in connec- 
tion with the sayings of the ancient 
prophets, as recorded in the Scrip- 
tures — the dealings with, and the 
purposes of God in relation to his 
children on the earth. From that 
time a new field, with a new train of 
reflections, was opened to my brother, 
the impress of which has never been 
erased. 

"We will now leave the subject of 
this sketch in Oberlin, clubbed with 
three or four of his classmates, alter- 
nately cooking their own food, and 
pursuing their studies with combined 
energies, while we digress in order 
to form a connecting link in our nar- 
rative. 

"Having myself been thoroughly 
convinced of the authenticity of the 
Gospel in its puritj^, as revealed 
through Joseph Smith, in the autumn 
of 18o5, I left our father's house and 
united u^interest with the Latter- 
da}- Saints, purchased a house and 
lot in Kirtland, Ohio, rented a part 
of the house, while a widowed sister 
of ours, with two children, occupied 
the other after the first six months: 
my time being spent in teaching the 
family school of the Prophet. Now, 
to our narrative: 

"So intimately was my brother 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



141 



associated while at college that he 
became thoroughly acquainted with 
the profession and practice of the 
denomination by which that popular 
institution was controlled ; and al- 
though he cherished very friendly 
regards for the people, he was un- 
favorably impressed with their system 
of religion. A short time before 
leaving he wrote, asking many ques- 
tions concerning revealed religion, 
at the same time saying, Tf there is 
nothing better than is to be found 
here in Oberlin College, good-bye to 
all religions.' 

"I answered his questions, and 
knowing he intended crowning his 
studies with a thorough knowledge 
of Hebrew, invited him to come to 
Kirtland at the close of his term in 
Oberlin, as a school was soon to 
commence under the tuition of an 
able Hebrew professor, for the sole 
study of that language. Accordingly 
he came, but not with the most dis- 
tant idea of embracing the faith of 
the Latter-day Saints, of which were 
most of the Hebrew students, with 
whom, including Apostles and the 
Prophet Joseph, he became fam- 
iliarly associated ; and, while he stu- 
died the dead language of the an- 
cient Hebrews, his mind also drank 
in and his heart became imbued with 
the living faith of the everlasting 
Gospel — ' the faith once delivered to 
the ancient Saints,' and not many 
weeks passed after his arrival before 
he was baptized into the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
(He was baptized by Elder John F. 
Boynton in June, 1886.) 

"What a marvelous change crossed 
the path of the young aspirant! This 
one act of stepping into the waters 
of baptism, with its accompanying 
ordinance of laying on of hands for 
the reception of the Holy Ghost, by 
authorized administrators, opened up 
a new world before him. He now 
sees with a changed and vastly en- 
larged vision — having been invested 
with an additional, a sixth sense, a 
sense which comprehends the things 
of God, which penetrates into futur- 
ity, and estimates eternal values. 



"How wonderfully changed all his 
youthful aims ! How suddenly they 
sink into insignificance ! How ex- 
tended the sphere of his youthful 
anticipations. How glorious — how 
exalted the motive power, the incen- 
tive that now prompts his youthful 
ambition! Instead of earthly mil- 
itary renown, he now enters the 
arena for championship with the 
armies of heaven — the achievements 
of the Gods, crowned with the lau- 
rels of eternity, everlasting glory, 
honor and eternal lives. Not to be 
armed with carnal weapons, and to 
be decked with glittering badges and 
costly equipage, to march forth in 
the pomp and pride of battle array 
for the shedding of human blood : 
but to go 'forth without purse or 
scrip,' clothed in the power of the 
Gospel of the Son of God, wielding 
the sword of the spirit of the Al- 
mighty, he now takes the field to 
battle with the powers of darkness, 
priestcraft, superstition and wicked- 
ness until the kingdoms of this world 
shall have become the kingdom of 
our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. 

"Like a veteran soldier, constantly 
at his post, from that time to this, 
Lorenzo Snow has been an active 
missionary in the cause he espoused, 
— either at home or abroad, wher- 
ever his labors were required, — hav- 
ing performed several missions in 
this as well as in foreign countries. 

"In 1837, with his father's fatuity, 
he moved to Daviess County, Mis- 
sauri, and the next spring, when he 
was filling a mission in the South, 
his people were driven from Missouri 
into Illinois, where he joined them, 
and, after performing a mission to 
the Eastern States in 1840, he was 
sent on his first mission to Europe. 
In England, where he arrived Oct. 21, 
1840, he succeeded his predecessors 
in the Presidency of the London Con- 
ference, and after the Twelve had 
left England, he acted as Counselor 
to Parley P. Pratt, who presided 
over the European Mission. * * * 

"Before leaving England, Presi- 
dent Brigham Young, who had suc- 
ceeded in raising means to publish 



142 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



the Book of Mormon, gave direc- 
tions for copies to be specially pre- 
pared and richly bound for presen- 
tation to her Majesty and the Prince 
consort. The honor of this devolved 
on Lorenzo Snow, who was at that 
time President of the London Con- 
ference. The presentation was made 
in 1842, through the politeness of 
Sir Henry Wheatley ; and it is said 
her Majesty condescended to be 
pleased with the gift. * * * 

"A pamphlet entitled 'The Only 
Vfay to be Saved,' which Elder Snow 
published while on this mission, has 
been translated into every language, 
where the fulness of the Gospel has 
been preached under the ' Mormon ' 
dispensation. 

•At the close of this mission of 
nearly three years, he took charge 
of a large company of Saints, with 
whom he safely landed in Nauvoo, 
via New Orleans and the Mississippi 
River, April 12, 1843. 

"Some time after his return he 
was married, and in the winter of 
1845-46, with his family, crossed the 
Mississippi, and joined the mass of 
pilgrims from their beautiful city, in 
that strange and eventful exodus of 
the nineteenth century, ' from the 
Land of the Free and the Home of 
the Brave ' ( ! ) ; stayed in Mount 
Pisgah, Iowa, until the spring of 
1847, when, taking charge of a train 
of one hundred wagons, he arrived 
in Salt Lake Valley in the autumn 
following. The next winter (Feb. 12, 
1.S4!)) he was ordained into the Quo- 
rum of the Twelve Apostles, and in 
the ensuing autumn called to go to 
Italy to introduce and establish the 
Gospel in that land ; his mission also 
extended to other nations and coun- 
tries wherever opportunity should 
present. 

'•After an absence of nearly three 
3'ears he returned home via Malta, 
Gibraltar, Liverpool and New York, 
arriving in Salt Lake City Aug. 30, 
Ki2, and in the following autumn 
was elected a member of the Utah 
Legislature. 

''The next mission -of importance 
was to locate fifty families in Box 



Elder County, sixty miles north of 
Salt Lake City, where a small settle- 
ment had been formed, which, for 
want of the right master-spirit, had 
lost every vestige of enterprise, and 
was minus all aim in tne direction of 
advancement. This was in October 
1853. To diffuse active energies into 
this stereotyped condition of things, 
was not unlike raising the dead, and 
a man of less strength of purpose 
would have faltered. Not so the one 
in question. He went to work, laid 
out a city, naming it ' Brigham,' in 
honor of the President of the Church, 
moved his family to the new city, 
and thus laid the foundation for the 
great financial co-operative enter- 
prise that he there built up. 

"When the county was organized 
by the authority of the Legislature 
he took the Presidency, as a Stake of 
Zion. . He was elected a member of 
the Legislative Council to represent 
the district composed of the counties 
of Box Elder and Weber. 

"In 1864, with Elders E. T. Ben- 
son, Joseph F. Smith and others, he 
visited the Sandwich Islands on im- 
portant matters relative to the inter- 
ests of the Saints on those Islands. 

"But the great work designed to 
bring into exercise the gigantic pow- 
ers, and exhibit this entirely devoted 
man in the higher plane of practical 
engineering as an organizer, states- 
man and financier, was yet to come. 

"Prompt to the suggestions of 
President Young, in an order de- 
signed to firmly cement the bonds 
of union among the Saints, thereby 
laying a foundation for mutual self- 
support and independence, through 
a combination of temporal as well as 
spiritual interest, on a general co- 
operative basis, Hercules like, Lo- 
renzo put his shoulder to the wheel, 
and, although he saw at a glance the 
magnitude of the undertaking — that 
it required almost superhuman skill, 
and the labor of years, his duty was 
the watchword, and success the ulti- 
matum. Subsequent results showed 
that no difficulties were too great for 
him to encounter. 

"His first step in the co-operative 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



143 



movement was in the mercantile line. 
In 1863-64 he commenced by estab- 
lishing a co-operative store, with 
stock in shares of $5.00, thus mak- 
ing it possible for people of very 
moderate circumstances to become 
shareholders. 

"Many difficulties occurred in the 
start, and the progress was slow, but 
it steadily gained in the confidence 
of the people, the stockholders real- 
izing from twenty to twenty-five per 
cent, per annum in merchandise, and 
in five years it was an acknowledged 
success. Then, aided by the profits 
from the mercantile department, an 
extensive tannery was erected at a 
cost of $10,000, the people having 
the privilege of putting in labor as 
capital; and soon after these depart- 
ments were in succesful operation, a 
woolen factory, at a cost of nearly 
forty thousand dollars, was brought 
into working order, again taking 
labor as stock. 

"A co-operative sheep- herd, for 
supplying the factory, was soon 
added — then co-operative farms, and 
to these a cheese dairy. Thus one 
department of industry after another 
was established, until between thirty 
and forty departments were com- 
bined — - all working harmoniously 
like the wheels of a grand piece of 
machine^. 

"In 1872-73 Elder Snow accom- 
panied George A. Smith on a tour 
through Europe, Egj-pt, Greece and 
Palestine. While in Vienna, on his 
return, he received information of 
his appointment as assistant Coun- 
selor to President Young. 

"As a missionary he has traveled 
over one hundred and fifty thousand 
miles. Probably none of his com- 
peers have heen longer in the field, 
or traveled more, in preaching the 
Gospel among the nations of the 
earth." 

On Nov. 20, 1885, Lorenzo Snow 
was arrested by seven U. S. Deputy 
Marshals at his residence at Brig- 
ham City, on a charge of unlawful 
cohabitation, three indictments hav- 
ing been found against him by the 



grand jury of the Eirst District Court. 
There were three regular trials, the 
first one commencing Dec. 30, 1885, 
and the last one ending Jan. 5, 1886, 
conviction being the result in each 
case. He was sentenced by Judge 
O. W. Powers, Jan. 16, 1886, the 
judgment being the full penalty of 
the law — imprisonment for six 
months and a fine of $300 and 
cost — under each conviction. On 
being asked by the judge, before 
sentence was passed, if he had any- 
thing to sa}\ Brother Snow read the 
following: 

Your honor, I wish to address this court 
kindly, respectfully, and especially without 
giving offense. During my trials, under 
three indictments, the court has manifested 
courtesy and patience, and I trust your 
honor has still a liberal supply, from which 
your prisoner at the bar indulges the hope 
that further exercise of those happy qual- 
ities may be anticipated. In the first place 
the court will please allow me to express 
my thanks and gratitude to my learned 
attorneys for their able and zealous efforts 
in conducting my defense. 

In reference to the prosecuting attoruev. 
Mr. Bierbower, I pardon him for his un- 
generous expressions, his apparent false 
coloring, and seeming abuse. The entire 
lack of evidence in the case against me on 
which to argue, made that line of speech 
the only alternative in which to display his 
eloquence; yet, in all his endeavors, he 
failed to cast more obloquy on me than was 
heaped upon our Savior. 

I stand in the presence of this court a 
loyal, free-born American citizen; now, as 
ever, a true advocate of justice and liberty. 
"The land of the free, and the home of the 
brave," has been the pride of my youth and 
the boast of my riper years. When abroad 
in foreign lands, laboring in the interest of 
humanity, I have pointed proudly to the 
land of my birth as an asylum for the op- 
pressed. 

I have ever felt to honor the laws and in- 
stitutions of my country, and, during the 
progress of my trials, whatever evidence has 
been introduced, has shown my innocence- 
But, like ancient Apostles when arraigned 
in pagan courts, and in the presence of apos- 
tate Hebrew judges, though innocent, they 
were pronounced guilty. So myself, an 
Apostle who bears witness by virtue of his 



144 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



calling and the revelations of God, that Jesus 
lives— that He is the Son of God, though 
guiltless of crime, here in a Christian court 
I have been convicted through the prejudice 
and popular sentiment of a so-called Chris- 
tian nation. 

In ancient times the Jewish nation and 
the Roman empire stood versus the Apos- 
tles. Now, under an apostate Christianity, 
the United States of America stands versus 
Apostle Lorenzo Snow. 

Inasmuch as frequent reference has been 
made to my Apostleship, by the prosecu- 
tion, it becomes proper for me to explain 
some essential qualifications of an Apostle. 

First, an Apostle must possess a divine 
knowledge, by revelation from God, that 
Jesus lives — that He is the Son of the living 
God. 

Secondly, he must be divinely authorized 
to promise the Holy Ghost : a divine prin- 
ciple that reveals the things of God, making 
known His will and purposes, leading into 
all truth, and showing things to come, as 
declared by the Savior. 

Thirdly, he is commissioned by the power 
of God to administer the sacred ordinances 
of the Gospel, which are confirmed to each 
individual by a divine testimony. Thou- 
sands of people now dwelling in these moun- 
tain vales, who received these ordinances 
through my administrations, are living wit- 
nesses of the truth of this statement. 

As an Apostle, I have visited many nations 
and kingdoms, bearing this testimony to all 
classes of people — to men in the highest offi- 
cial sta.ions, among whom may be men- 
tioned a President of the French republic. 
I have also presented works embracing our 
faith and doctrines to Queen Victoria and 
the late Prince Albert, of England. 

Respecting the doctrine of plural or celes- 
tial marriage, to which the prosecution so 
often referred, it was revealed to me, and 
afterwards, in 1843, fully explained to me 
by Joseph Smith, the Prophet. 

I married my wives because God com- 
manded it. The ceremony, which united us 
for time and eternity, was performed by a 
servant of God having authority. God being 
my helper, I would prefer to die a thousand 
deaths than renounce my wives and violate 
these -acred obligations. 

The prosecuting attorney was quite mis- 
taken in saying "the defendant, Mr. Snow, 
was the most scholarly and brightest light 
of the Apostles;" and equally wrong when 
pleading with the jury to assist him and the 
"United States of America," in convicting 
Apostle Snow, and he "would predict that 
a new revelation would soon follow, chang- 



ing the divine law of celestial marriage." 
Whatever fame Mr. Bierbower may have 
secured as a lawyer, he certainly will fail as 
a prophet. The severest prosecutions have 
never been followed by revelations changing 
a divine law, obedience to which brought 
imprisonment or martyrdom. 

Though I go to prison, God will not change 
his law of celestial marriage. But the man, 
the people, the nation, that oppose and fight 
against this doctrine and the Church of God, 
will be overthrown. 

Though the Presidency of the Church and 
the Twelve Apostles should suffer martyr- 
dom, there will remain over four thousand 
Seventies, all Apostles of the Son of God, 
and were these to be slain there still would 
remain many thousands of High Priests, 
and as in any or more Elders, all possessing 
the same authority to administer Gospel 
ordinances. 

In conclusion, I solemnly testify, in the 
name of Jesus, the so-called "Mormon 
Church" is the Church of the living God; 
established on the rock of revelation, against 
which " the gates of hell cannot prevail." 

Thanking your honor for your indulgence, 
I am now ready to receive my sentence. 

After being sentenced, the defend- 
ant took an appeal to the Territorial 
Supreme Court and was in the mean- 
time allowed to remain at large under 
bonds. The decision of the Terri- 
torial Supreme Court confirmed the 
judgment of the lower court, Chief 
Justice Zane concurring with Asso- 
ciate Justices Boreman and Powers 
in the first case, but dissenting from 
them in the other two. The two 
Associate Justices held that unlawful 
cohabitation was proved, in the ab- 
sence of any other evidence, when 
it was shown that the defendant had 
lived with a plural wife while he had 
a legal wife living and undivorced. 
They held that the law presumed the 
living with the legal wife. In this 
view Judge Zane did not concur. 
The defendant took an appeal to the 
Supreme Court of the United States. 
In order to have the cases advanced 
upon the calendar of the court of 
last resort, it was necessary that he 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



145 



should be in durance. For the bene- 
fit of many of his brethren who had 
been indicted and others who were 
likely to be under the "segregating" 
process, he elected to go to prison 
to have the question of the right of 
the lower courts to so construe and 
administer the law, and other points, 
tested as e&vly as practicable. The 
cases were argued and submitted, 
and, on May 10, 1886, the U. S. 
Supreme Court dismissed the cases 
for want of jurisdiction. To make 
a show of consistency it reconsidered 
its own decision in the case of Angus 
M. Cannon, formerly disposed of 7 
repealed its mandate therein, and 
treated it in the same fashion, as it 
belonged to the same class of cases 
as those of Lorenzo Snow. 

On Oct. 22, 1886, he petitioned 
the First District Court for a writ of 
habeas corpus, which was denied the 
following day, hut on the 25th, pur- 
suant to section 9 of the Organic Act 
of Utah and section 1909 of U. S. 
Revised Statutes, an appeal to the 
Supreme Court of the United States 
was allowed. This finally came up 
for hearing on Jan. 20, 1887, and a 
decision was rendered on Feb. 7th 
to the effect that : 

(1.) There was but one entire of- 
fense for the continuous time. (2.)The 
trial court had no jurisdiction to 
inflict a punishment , in respect of 
more than one of the convictions. 
(3.) As the want of jurisdiction ap- 
peared on the face of the proceed- 
ings, the defendant could be released 
from imprisonment on a habeas cor- 
pus. (4.) The order and judgment 
of the court below must be reversed, 
and the case remanded to that court, 
with a direction to grant the writ of 
habeas corpus prayed for. 

The next day (Feb. 8th), agree- 
able to this decision, Apostle Snow 
was liberated from the Utah Pen- 



itentiary. The following extract from 
a letter to his family, dated Salt 
Lake Cit}', Feb. 9, 1887, speaks for 
itself: 

" Eleven months I had been incarcerated 
within the walls of a gloomy prison ! Imag- 
ine for yourselves, how like a dream it 
seemed, when, suddenly and unexpectedly 
the prison gate flew open, and, clad in my 
striped convict, suit, I was at once ushered 
into the presence of a multitude of warm- 
hearted friends, anxiously awaiting my ap- 
pearance. O, what warm clasping and shak- 
ing of hands ! What hearty greetings and 
expressions of congratulation ! 

"Having gone the rounds of this animat- 
ing introductory scene, I repaired to the 
tailors department of the prison, and donned 
a new black broad-cloth suit and 'Richard 
was himself again.' 

"Amid the soul - enlivening and heart- 
cheering gaze of my numerous friends, I 
was conducted by Hon. F. S. Richards to a 
carriage and seated with my daughter Eliza 
S. D., my son Alvirus, and a son of Hon. F. 
S. Richards. 

" When we started for Salt Lake City, it 
was a matter of astonishment that so large 
a gathering should put in an appearance on 
the spur of the moment. Included in the 
number were Hcber J. Grant and John W. 
Taylor, of the Quorum of Apostles, Hon. F. 
S. Richards and wife, Abraham H. Cannon, 
representing the seven Presidents of Seven- 
ties, John Nicholson and Geo. C. Lambert, 
representing the Deseret News, President L. 
W. Shurtliff of the Weber Stake, and many 
others — ladies and gentlemen— noble men 
and women of God, of whose society I am 
justly proud." 

(For further information the reader is 
referred to a book entitled " Biography and 
Family Record of Lorenzo Snow," by Eliza 
R. Snow Smith, published in Salt Lake City 
in 188L) 

ERASTUS SNOW, 
Sixth son of Levi and Lucina Snow, 
was born at St. Johnsbury, Cale- 
donia Co., Vermont, Nov. 9, 1818. 
His father's family was among the 
early settlers of the Massachusetts 
colon}'. At an early age Erastus 
Snow was much impressed with re- 
ligion, his mother being a member 
of the Wesleyan-Methodist Church. 
In the spring of 1832 Elders Orson 



146 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Pratt and Luke S. Johnson visited 
Vermont and commenced to preach 
the fulness of the Gospel. William 
and Zerubbabel, two elder brothers 
of Erastua, were the first of the Snow 
family who were baptized. All the 
family (there being seven sons and 
two daughters) subsequently came 
into the Church, excepting two of 
the sons and the father. Erastus, 
who was only fourteen years of age, 
believed the testimony of the Elders 
when he first heard it, and was bap- 
tized b} r his elder brother, William. 
Eeb. 3, 1838. 

Immediately after his baptism, he 
commenced to search the scriptures 
diligently and soon became very 
disirous to preach. Consequently 
he was ordained to the office of a 
Teacher, June 28, 1834, by Elder 
John F. Boynton. At that time he 
worked on his father's farm at St. 
Johnsbnry> where a branch of the 
Church had been organized. Erastus 
met regularly with the Saints on 
Sundays and visited them in their 
houses. He also made several short 
missionary trips to the neighboring 
villages, in company with his cousin 
Gardner Snow and others. 

On Nov. 13th he was ordained by 
his brother William to the office of a 
Priest, after which he extended his 
missionary labors into the States of 
New York and New Hampshire, hold- 
ing meetings and baptizing quite a 
number. After being ordained an 
Elder by Elder Luke S. Johnson, 
Aug. 16, 1835, he continued his mis- 
sion with increased zeal in New- 
Hampshire and Vermont, in com- 
pany with Wm. E. McLellin, his 
brother Willard and others. 

Nov. 8, 1835, he left St. Johns- 
bury together with Elder Hazen Al- 
drich and traveled to Kirtland, Ohio, 



a distance of some seven hundred 
miles eastward. After a hard jour- 
ney, during which they came near 
being shipwrecked on Lake Erie, 
they reached their destination Dec. 
3rd. In Kirtland Elder Snow met 
the Prophet Joseph Smith for the 
first time and lived with him several 
weeks. During the winter he at- 
tended the Elders' School, and the 
following spring received his endow- 
ments in the Temple, together with 
some three hundred other Elders. 
He was anointed by President Alvah 
Keman, whose daughter he subse- 
quently married. Thus in his early 
youth he participated in the glorious 
blessings which at that time were 
poured out upon the members of the 
Church, and especially upon those 
bearing the holy Priesthood. About 
the same time he was ordained into 
the second quorum of Seventies, and 
received his patriarchal blessings 
under the hands of Joseph Smith, 
sen. 

After the endowments in Kirtland, 
the Elders went out preaching with 
greater diligence than ever, and Elder 
Snow started on a mission to Penn- 
sylvania April 16, 1836. He was 
absent over eight months, during 
which time he traveled 1,600 miles, 
preached 220 sermons, baptized 50 
persons, organized several branches 
of the Church in western Pennsyl- 
vania, and returned to Kirtland, 
Dec. 29th. On this trip he encoun- 
tered much opposition from the clergy 
and endured considerable persecu- 
tion. On one occasion (Aug. 22nd), 
when an armed mob had collected at 
Cherry Run, Armstrong Co., for the 
purpose of driving him out of the 
county, he had a narrow escape from 
having personal violence inflicted 
upon him. Arriving at Kirtland, he 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



147 



met a number of his friends from 
the East. 

In the beginning of 1837 Elder 
Snow, together with Luke S. John- 
son, made a missionary trip to Por- 
tage, 40 miles south of Kirtland, and 
later, in company with Elder Wm. 
B. Bosley, he visited the Saints in 
Pennsylvania. After his return he 
frequented the High School at Kirt- 
land. Continuing with Elder Bosley- 
as a missionary companion, he started 
on another mission to the East on 
the 9th of May. In Andover, Ohio, 
he held a discussion on the divinity 
of the Book of Mormon, with a 
Campbellite preacher by the name 
of Roberts. The meeting lasted until 
midnight and resulted in victory to 
Elder Snow. In Bridgeport, Frank- 
lin Co., Penn., two sisters, who were 
lying at the point of death, were 
miraculously healed under his ad- 
ministration. Many other cases of 
healing occurred on this and his 
former missionary trips. On one 
occasion, while holding a meeting at 
Bridgeport, he was disturbed b}' a 
mob, which drove him from the place 
and pelted him with rotten eggs. 
At Leitersburgh, Maryland, he was 
accosted in public by a Campbellite 
preacher, with whom he discussed for 
twelve hours. On Dec. 5th, after 
seven months' absence, he returned 
to Kirtland, having labored faith- 
fully in Ohio, Pennsylvania and 
Maryland, preached 147 sermons and 
baptized about fort}- people. 

On Jan. 2, 1838 he started from 
Kirtland on another missionary tour. 
A couple of days later he attended 
a conference of Elders at Milton, 50 
miles south. There he was chal- 
lenged for a debate by a Mr. Hub- 
bard, a Campbellite preacher, who 
denounced the Book of Mormon as 



false. Elder Snow suggested to the 
congregation that he would produce 
as much proof for the divinity of the 
Book of Mormon as his opponent 
could for the Bible. With this the 
people seemed to be entirely satis- 
fied, and a meeting was appointed 
for the following day. But when the 
hour of meeting arrived, none of the 
six Campbellite preachers, who were 
present, would abide by Elder Snow's 
proposition. Being anxious to use 
every opportunity that presented it- 
self to lay the truth before the 
people, Elder Snow finally consented 
to other arrangements, and the de- 
bate was continued until 11 o'clock 
at night. As usual, the truth was 
triumphant, aflhough Elder Snow 
was abused in various ways. After 
this he visited a number of branches 
in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Maryland, 
held many meetings and baptized 
quite a number. He also crossed 
the Potomac and held meetings in 
Virginia. Finally he was forced into 
discussion with another Campbellite 
preacher inCookstown, Penn., which 
was continued for two nights, and 
ended with complete victory to Elder 
Snow, although his opponent was the 
Rev. Mr. Young, considered to be 
one of the ablest man in the State. 
The' people were almost thunder- 
struck at the result of the discus- 
sion, and Elder Snow, in compliance 
with their earnest solicitations, re- 
mained in the neighborhood several 
days longer and preached to them. 

In the latter part of May he re- 
ceived a message from Kirtland, 
notifying him to return to Ohio, for 
the purpose of going to Missouri. 
With joy he complied with this call 
and arrived in Kirtland June 3rd. 
after five months' absence. 

In Kirtland he met Elders Kim- 



148 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



ball and Hyde, who had just return- 
ed from their missions to England, 
and were now preparing for a jour- 
ney to Missouri. Most of the Kirt- 
land Saints were also preparing to 
remove to Missouri because of apos- 
tasy and persecutions in Ohio. To- 
gether with forty or fifty others, 
Elder Snow started from Kirtland 
June 25th and traveled by land to 
Wellsvilie, on the Ohio River, thence 
with steamboats down that river, 
950 miles, and up the Mississippi and 
Missouri Rivers, 550 miles further, 
to the Richmond landing in Missouri, 
From this place the company trav- 
eled 40 miles northward to Far West, 
in Caldwell County, where they ar- 
rived July 18th. H^re Elder Snow 
met his parents and other relatives 
who had removed thither from Ver- 
mont. Some of them were suffering 
with the fever and ague. 

Elder Snow now commenced man- 
ual labor, but when the persecution 
shortly afterwards broke loose against 
the Saints, he was forced to take up 
arms, like his brethren, in defence 
of the people against mob violence. 
After participating in, the defence in 
Daviess County, he was seized with 
the fever and ague, and when Far 
West subsequently was besieged by 
the mob militia, his physical weak- 
ness had become so great that he 
could hardl} T walk half a mile. Yet 
he remained bravely at his post, in 
the ranks of the defenders of Far 
West, until the town capitulated. 
He was also present at the remark- 
able mock trial before Judge Austin 
A. King, at Richmond, Ray County. 

In Dec. 13th Elder Snow married 
Artemesia Beman and taught school 
the following winter in Far West. 

In the following February, ( 1839 , 
together with other brethren, he was 



sent by the Church at Far West as 
a messenger to Liberty, Clay Co., 
where 'Joseph Smith, the Prophet, 
and fellow-prisoners at that time 
were incarcerated. When the jailor 
on the evening of Feb. 8th brought 
supper to the prisoners, the visiting 
brethren were permitted to enter the 
cell. That same evening the pris- 
oners, agreeable to an arrangement 
made the day previous, made an at- 
tempt to escape, but failed. When 
the jailor went out, Hyrum Smith 
took hold of the door, and the others 
followed ; but before they could ren- 
der the assistance needed, the jailor 
and guard succeeded in closing the 
door, shutting in the visiting breth- 
ren as well as the prisoners. 

The jailor immediately gave the 
alarm, and the greatest excitement 
followed. Not only the citizens of 
the town, but a great number from 
the surrounding country, gathered 
around the jail. Every mode of tor- 
ture and death that their imagina- 
tion could fancy, was proposed for 
the prisoners, such as blowing up 
the jail, taking the prisoners out and 
whipping them to death, shooting 
them and burning them to death, 
tearing them to pieces with horses, 
etc. The brethren inside listened to 
all these threats, but believing that 
the Lord would deliver them, laid 
down to rest for the night. The mob 
finally became so divided among 
themselves that they were unable to 
carry out any of their numerous 
plans. 

That night, while some of the visit- 
ing brethren spoke about their being 
in great danger, the Prophet Joseph 
told them "not to fear, that not a hair 
of their heads should be hurt, and 
that they should not lose any of their 
things, even to a bridle, saddle, or 



TIIE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



149 



blanket ; that ever}- thing should be 
restored to them ; they had offered 
their lives for their friends and the 
Gospel ; that it was necessary the 
Church should offer a sacrifice and 
the Lord accepted the offering." 

The brethren had next to undergo 
a trial, but the excitement was so 
great, that the guard dared not take 
them out until it abated a little. 
While they were waiting for their 
trial, some of the brethren employed 
lawyers to defend them. Elder Snow 
asked Brother Joseph whether he had 
better employ a lawyer or not. The 
Prophet told him to plead his own 
case. "But," said Brother Snow, 
"I do not understand the law." 
Brother Joseph asked him if he did 
not understand justice ; he thought 
he did. "Well," said Brother Jo- 
seph, "go and plead for justice as 
hard as you can, and quote Black- 
stone and other authors now and 
then, and they will take it all for 
law." 

He did as he was told, and the re- 
sult was as Joseph had said it would 
be ; for when he got through his plea, 
the lawyers flocked around him, and 
asked him where he had studied law, 
and said they had never heard a bet- 
ter plea. When the trial was over, 
Brother Snow was discharged, and 
all the rest were held to bail, and 
were allowed to bail each other, by 
Brother Snow going bail with them. 
They also got ever}'- thing that was 
taken from them, and nothing was 
lost, although no two articles were 
found in one place. 

Before Elder Snow and his com- 
panions left Liberty, some of the 
lawyers, merchants and other lead- 
ing citizens promised them that they 
would set the prisoners at liberty for 
a compensation of $10,000 worth of 



real estate, but when the brethren, 
after their return to Far We.4, had 
raised that amount, the parties neg- 
lected to fulfil their promise. In the 
meantime the Saints commenced to 
leave the State, but Elder Snow and 
others concluded not to go away un- 
til the Prophet and his fellow-pris- 
oners were set free. Elder Snow 
therefore proceeded to Jefferson City 
and tried to get their case before 
the judges of the Supreme Court of 
Missouri. These dignitaries, how- 
ever, utterly refused to take action 
in the matter. After much exertion 
and pleading Elder Snow, finally, 
through the assistance of the Secre- 
tary of State, managed to get an 
order issued for a change of venue, 
on the strength of which the pris- 
oners were started from Daviess to 
Boone County. On this journey, as 
is well known, they escaped from 
their guards. On April loth Elder 
Snow started with his family for 
Quincy, 111., arriving there on the 
27th. The prisoners had arrived a 
few days before. 

In the beginning of May, Elder 
Snow visited Commerce, in Hancock 
County, which had been selected as 
a gathering place for the Saints. 
Here he commenced a new home, and 
in the following June removed his 
family to Montrose, on the opposite 
side of the river, where he had se- 
cured a small hut for a temporary 
dwelling. On July 4, 1839, he start- 
ed on a mission, to which he had 
been called at the conference held 
in Quincy two months previous. He 
traveled through several counties in 
Illinois, held a number of meetings 
and administered to the sick, until 
it was revealed to him in a dream 
that his family was sick and needed 
his presence. He returned home 



150 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



July 31st and found his wife and a 
number of his relatives in bed with 
the fever and ague. They had al- 
ready suffered a great deal, as there 
were none to render them assistance, 
most of the Saints on both sides of 
the river being sick at that time. 
Elder Snow, in company with other 
Elders, went from house to house 
administering to the sufferers until 
he also was taken sick. In August 
he was somewhat better and under- 
took a journey to Quincy with a 
team. On the return trip the horses 
ran away, tipping the wagon in a 
river. Elder Snow was thrown into 
the middle of the stream, right under 
the horses, and was unable to extri- 
cate himself. Only through the mar- 
velous preservation of a kind Prov- 
idence was he saved from drowning. 
This accident, however, caused a 
fresh attack of the fever, and he was 
confined to his bed for several weeks 
afterwards. 

At the October Conference (1839) 
held in Commerce, Elder Snow was 
appointed a member of the High 
Council, at Montrose, and in No- 
vember following he attempted to go 
out and preach, but after having 
held a few meetings, he was again 
prostrated by sickness and laid up 
for some time in the house of Brother 
Haws in Knox County, about seventy 
miles from Commerce. While re- 
maining there in a helpless condition, 
he received word from home that 
his wife lay at the point of death at 
Commerce. All he could do, how- 
ever, was to pray for her, as he was 
not able to return home until the 20th 
of December following. Then she 
was much better. 

When President Joseph Smith re- 
turned from Washington in March, 
1840, he told Elder Snow that his 



labors were much needed in Penn- 
sylvania. Wishing to act upon this 
suggestion, he at once prepared for 
a mission to that State. But as the 
protracted illness to which he and 
his family had been subjected had 
reduced him to the depths of poverty, 
he had no means wherewith to defray 
traveling expenses, and he was too 
weak to undertake the journey on 
foot. After preaching several times 
in Quincy and attending the April 
Conference in Commerce, where he 
received some means from kind- 
hearted Saints, he finally took leave 
of his family April 28, 1840, and 
started on his mission with Elder S. 
James as a companion. They trav- 
eled down the Mississippi and up 
the Ohio rivers, a distance of about 
fourteen hundred miles, to Wells- 
burgh, in Virginia, where they land- 
ed May 7th and commenced their 
missionary labors. After having held 
a two days' discussion with a Camp- 
bellite preacher (Matthew Clapp), 
Elder Snow continued to Philadel- 
phia and afterwards visited New 
York and Brooklyn. In these cities 
he preached several times, and in 
August visited Rhode Island, where 
one of his brothers resided. After 
this he held meetings for five succes- 
sive days in a New Jersey forest, 
where 2,000 people were present on 
one occasion, and seven were bap- 
tized. He continued to preach and 
baptize in Philadelphia and vicinity, 
and also in New Jersey, until towards 
the close of September, when he re- 
ceived a letter from Nauvoo to the 
effect that his mother-in-law, with 
whom hi3 wife resided, was dead. 
Concluding under these circumstan- 
ces to bring his wife to Pennsylvania, 
he left Philadelphia Sept. 30th and 
arrived at Nauvoo Oct. 21st, having 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



151 



been absent about six months and 
traveled 5,650 miles. 

On Nov. 7th, after a stay of seven- 
teen days in Nauvoo, he started for 
Pennsylvania, taking his wife with 
him. After his arrival in Philadel- 
phia, he published a small pamphlet, 
which he had written in answer to a 
publication issued against the Saints 
by a Methodist preacher. His wife, 
who had been provided with a home 
at the house of Brother Wtn. Gheen, 
in Chester County, bore' a daughter, 
Elder Snow's first-born, on Jan. 21, 
1841. 

With unabating zeal Elder Snow 
continued his missionary labors, prin- 
cipally in Philadelphia and surround- 
ing counties and New Eg} 7 pt (New 
Jersey) and neighborhood, preach- 
ing baptizing, visiting the Saints and 
administering to the sick. Finally 
he happened to meet Elder Geo. A. 
Smith, who was returning from his 
mission to England, and also Elders 
John E. Page,, Dr. Galland, Wm. 
Smith, Hyrum Smith, Wm. Law and 
others from Nauvoo. The two last 
named brethren had visited the New 
England States, and meeting Elder 
Snow on their return they desired 
that he should go to Salem, in 
Massachusetts, to open the Gospel 
door. In a revelation given in 1836 
the Lord had said that he had much 
people iu that city. Although Elder 
Snow had expected to return to Nau- 
voo in the fall and he also knew that 
his long absence would affect his 
temporal affairs considerably, he 
made up his mind to go to Salem, 
after making the subject a matter of 
sincere prayer. Consequently he left 
his former field of labor, where he 
had gained many warm - hearted 
friends, who would administer to the 
wants of himself and family, and on 



Aug. 16, 1811, he started for a far 
and to him unknown country, where 
not a single member of the Church 
could be found. He took his wife 
and infant child, which was sick, to 
Woonsocket, near Providence, Rhode 
Island, and left them there with his 
brother, while he continued to Boston. 
There he held several meetings and 
met Elder Benjamin Winchester, who 
had been appointed his missionary 
companion. They had previously 
labored together in Pennsylvania. 
On the 3rd of September they pro- 
ceeded to Salem, a city which at that 
time had about fifteen thousand in- 
habitants, situated 14 miles north- 
east of Boston. They put up at one 
of the cheapest hotels in the city 
and prayed earnestly to the Lord to 
open the way for the introduction of 
the Gospel to its inhabitants. The 
following day they secured the Ma- 
sonic Hall to preach in and held their 
first meeting there in the evening of 
the 6th. Their next move was to 
print 2,500 copies of a somewhat 
lengthy circular addressed to the* in- 
habitants of the city, in which the 
principles of the Gospel were set 
forth in great plainness. 

Elder Winchester then went to 
Philadelphia, while Brother Snow 
continued to preach four times a 
week in the Masonic Hall. By con- 
tributions from the congregation he 
succeeded also in raising means to 
pay for the use of the hall. He now 
received numerous invitations to visit 
people in their houses, and while 
improving every opportunity that 
presented itself to deliver his mes- 
sage of peace and salvation, he at 
length found himself surrounded with 
friends, and he no longer found it 
necessary to live at the hotel. Next 
he asked the Lord to open the heart 



152 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



of some one to receive his family. 
His prayer was answered. A Mr. 
Alley, who resided in Lynn, some 
five miles from Salem, and who was 
deeply interested in the work, kindly 
offered Elder Snow's family the hos- 
pitality of his home. Brother Snow 
consequently went to Woonsocket in 
the beginningof October and brought 
his family to Lynn, where they re- 
mained four weeks, while Elder Snow 
continued his labors in Salem and 
Marblehead. Afterwards they re- 
moved to Salem. Besides speaking 
three times every Sunday in the 
Masonic Hall, he also held meetings 
in private houses. Among his op- 
ponents and the enemies of truth 
was a priest by the name of A. G. 
Comings, the editor of a religious 
periodical. This man published in 
his paper a number of wicked false- 
hoods against the Saints, but refused 
to insert Elder Snow's refutation of 
them. This led to a public debate 
in the Mechanic's Hall, where about 
five hundred people were present. 
The. discussion was continued for six 
successive nights, and as the interest 
gradually increased with the listen- 
ers, the popular feeling turned 
against Mr. Comings, whose argu- 
ments consisted chiefly of slander 
and abuse. 

The result of it all was, that many 
more began to investigate the ful- 
ness of the Gospel than formerly, 
and from that time Elder Snow's 
meetings were so well attended that 
the Masonic Hall could not hold all 
who came to hear. Consequently 
three leading men of the town took 
it into their heads to rent a more 
commodious hall, in which Elder 
Snow preached to full houses for six 
Sabbaths. On Nov. 8th, he reaped 
the first fruits of his work in Salem. 



by initiating the first five persons 
into the Church by baptism, and be- 
fore the close of February, 1842, 
the number of baptized had increased 
to 35. On March 5th he held a con- 
ference meeting in the Masonic Hall, 
and organized a branch of the Church, 
consisting of 53 members. He also 
ordained an Elder and a Priest. 
Subsequently he extended his field 
of labor to Boston, where he assisted 
Elder Nickerson in organizing a 
branch of the 1 Church, and to Marble- 
head, Bradford, Lynn, Petersboro 
(in New Hampshire) and other 
places. In April, 1842, he visited 
Philadelphia, Penn., where he at- 
tended a five days' conference. After 
his return to Salem, his first son was 
born on May 1, 1842. Another con- 
ference was held in Salem on May 
28th, on which occasion 79 members 
were represented, and the number 
had increased to 90 the following 
June, when some of the Saints com- 
menced emigrating ^o Nauvoo, 111. 

Elder Snow continued his labors 
in Salem and surrounding country 
until the spring of 1843. Besides 
the numerous meetings he held, he 
had several discussions with preach- 
ers of various denominations, which 
always resulted in victory for the 
side of truth. Among others, the 
apostate, John C. Bennett, put in 
an appearance at Salem, and com- 
menced to lecture against the Saints 
in Nauvoo and Joseph Smith, but 
Elder Snuw confronted him so ably 
and energetically that Mr. Bennett 
soon found it adviseable to leave the 
town. Under Elder Snow's admin- 
istrations a number of sick were also 
healed. Among such could be men- 
tioned a Mr. Baston, in Boston, who, 
even before he had been baptized, 
was healed from a deadly fever, and 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



153 



a Sister Spooner in Chelsea, who 
was healed by the laying on of hands, 
after being declared by a council of 
physicians to be incurable. She had 
for seven months suffered with 
dropsy of the worst kind. Having 
set the branch in order and appointed 
a brother to preside, Elder Snow 
left Salem March 9, 1843, leaving 
his family behind, and arrived in 
Nauvoo April 11th. He had this 
time been away about two j-ears and 
a half, and was agreeabby surprised 
to witness the manj T changes and 
extensive improvements which had 
taken place during his absence. He 
now spent one month among his 
brethren and the Saints at head- 
quarters, and received much valu- 
able instruction. Among other 
things the Prophet Joseph Smith 
personally taught him the principle 
of celestial and plural marriage. 

On May 11th Elder Snow once 
more turned his face eastward and 
returned to his family in Salem, but 
after laboring a few months he took 
his wife and children and returned 
to Nauvoo, where the}' arrived No- 
vember 5th. 

The following winter Elder Snow 
remained in Nauvoo, and in order to 
support his family and also complete 
a house, which he had commenced, 
he entered into a mercantile business 
together with Parley P. Pratt, in 
which he was somewhat successful. 
Altogether he spent a very pleasant 
winter in the society of the Prophet 
and other leading men of the Church, 
with whom he frequently met in 
council, and learned many things, 
to which he formerly had been a 
stranger. Early in the winter he 
became a member of the masonic 
lodge at Nauvoo, and advanced 
quickly through the various degrees 



to that of a grand master. When 
the Masonic Temple in Nauvoo was 
dedicated on April 5, 1844, Elder 
Snow delivered the dedicatory speech. 
At the General Conference held 
in Nauvoo April 6, 1844, and the 
four succeeding days, Elder Snow 
was again called to go on a mission 
to the Eastern States. Consequently, 
about three weeks later (April 30th), 
he took a memorable leave of his 
family and the Prophet, whom he 
never saw again in this life, and 
commenced his journey. After hav- 
ing visited the brandies in Massa- 
chusetts, New Hampshire and Ver- 
mont, he, in company with four of 
the Twelve, held a conference in 
Salem, Mass., July 6th and 7th. 
About this time the sad news of the 
martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum 
Smith reached him, and he concluded 
to return home. When he arrived 
at Nauvoo July 25th he found the 
Saints bowed down with grief over 
the loss of their beloved leaders. 
Elder Snow attended the special meet- 
ings on Aug. 8th, at which the Twelve 
Apostles, with Brigham Young as 
President, were acknowledged as the 
highest authority in the Church, not- 
withstanding Sidney Rigdon's claim 
to the leadership. Elder Snow spent 
the winter in Nauvoo, and although 
his health was poor, he performed 
considerable public work besides tak- 
ing care of his family. In February, 
1845, he was appointed to make a 
missionary trip to Wisconsin Terri- 
tory and northern Illinois. He started 
almost immediately, but his horse 
took sick, and he was obliged to re- 
turn to Nauvoo, where he then at- 
tended the April Conference, and a 
few weeks later witnessed the mock 
trial of the murderers of Joseph and 
Hyrum Smith, at Carthage. 



154 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



During the summer and following 
fall considerable sickness prevailed 
in Nauvoo and vicinity, and Elder 
Snow and family were among the 
sufferers. In September the mob 
commenced to persecute the Saints 
in Hancock County and burn their 
houses. Elder Snow was present in 
the general council of the Church, 
held in Nauvoo the following Oct., 
where General Warren, Judge Doug- 
las and other State dignitaries, sent 
by Governor Eord, were present, and 
where the Saints agreed to leave the 
State early the following spring. 
Erom that time the Saints doubled 
their efforts in completing theTemple, 
in order to receive their blessings 
before leaving for the wilderness. In 
the beginning of December the attic 
story was dedicated for giving en- 
dowments, Elder Snow and his wife 
received their anointings Dec. 12th, 
after which he was called to admin- 
ister in the Temple, and he remained 
there night and day for six weeks 
together with the Twelve and others 
who were called to officiate in a sim- 
ilar manner. On Jan. 23, 1846, 
Elder Snow yielded obedience to the 
principle of plural marriage. bj r hav- 
ing not only his wife Artimesia, but 
also a second wife, Minerva, sealed 
to him for time and all eternity. 
They also received their second an- 
ointings. 

During the winter the difficulties 
with the mob continued to loom up, 
and when it was decided in council 
to commence the emigration west- 
ward in February, Elder Snow was 
sent to Quincy to lay in supplies for 
the pioneer companj-. After his re- 
turn President Young counseled him 
to make preparations for the journey 
of himself and family. He sold as 
many of his loose effects as he could 



at a very low price and equipped 
himself with such teams and provi- 
sions as his limited means would 
allow, and on Feb. 16, 1846, he left 
Nauvoo with his family. Through 
the carelesness of the managers, the 
boat, which brought his effects ac- 
cross the river, capzised, whereby 
some of his goods were destroyed 
and his eldest child had a narrow 
escape from drowning. He left 
buildings and real estate in Nauvoo 
to the value of 82,000. Most of the 
other exiles made similar sacrifices, 
and this property was left in the 
hands of a committee, who was au- 
thorized to sell it and use the means 
thus received for the removal of the 
poor. 

Elder Snow and family traveled in 
the advance companies until Grand 
River was reached and the temporary 
settlement of Garden Grove was lo- 
cated. He then, having lost a num- 
ber of animals and being short of 
provisions, concluded to return to 
Nauvoo to sell his property and thus 
get means wherewith to continue the 
journey. Giving his family instruc- 
tions to press on to Mount Pisgah, 
he commenced his backward trip on 
May 14th, together with Brother Ed- 
mund Ellsworth, and reached Nau- 
voo in safety. He, however, found 
it no eas} 7 task to dispose of his 
property, and it was not until in the 
beginning of July that he succeeded 
in trading it for about one fourth 
of its real value. With the ready 
means thus gained he paid his debt, 
bought two other teams and some 
provisions, took his mother and an- 
other widow by the name of Aldrich 
and her family with him, and again 
took up the line of march westward 
on July 5th, accompanied by his 
brothers, William and Willard, their 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



155 



families and others from Nauvoo. 
Towards the latter end of the month 
the little company arrived at Mount 
Pisgah, where Elder Snow found his 
family aoxiously awaiting his return. 
The Twelve Apostles and the main 
camp of the Saints had already 
reached Council Bluffs, 138 miles 
further west, and, after tarrying a 
few days at Mount Pisgah, Elder 
Snow and family continued the jour- 
ney to the Missouri River. There 
the Saints were scattered in small 
camps, and were busy building huts 
and preparing for winter. The 
Twelve had made their temporary 
head quarters at a point which they 
had named Cutler's Park, about three 
miles west of the river on the land 
of the Omaha Indians. Elder Snow 
crossed the river and joined the main 
camp at this place Sept. 1st. 

After his arrival at Cutler's Park, 
he and other members of the family 
took sick, and his youngest child 
died Sept. 9th. In the beginning of 
December, however, he had so far 
recovered that he, during the re- 
mainder of the winter was enabled 
to make several trips to St. Joseph 
and other places in Missouri, to lay 
in supplies for himself and others. 
Some time before this the main camp 
of the Saints had removed from Cut- 
ler's Park to the Missouri River, 
where they built the noted Winter 
Quarters. 

In Januan T , 1847, a revelation was 
given through President Young, show- 
ing the mind and will of the Lord 
concerning the organization of the 
"Camps of Israel" for further move- 
ments. In this revelation Orson 
Pratt, Wilford Woodruff, Amasa M. 
Lyman, George A. Smith, Ezra T. 
Benson and Erastus Snow were se- 
lected to organize the Saints into 



companies and appoint captains of 
tens, fifties and hundreds, with a 
President and two Counselors over 
each company, etc. 

In order to comply with this rev- 
elation Ezra T. Benson and Erastus 
Snow visited the Saints, who were 
temporarily located on Running 
Water, about one hundred and sev- 
enty miles north of Winter Quarters, 
They were received with much joy 
by the Saints, to whom they admin- 
istered advice and comfort. 

On April 6th a special conference 
was held at Winter Quarters and the 
following day President Young and 
others of the Pioneers broke up for 
the West. Elder Snow, having been 
selected as one of the Pioneers, called 
his family together (April 8th), laid 
his hands on his wives and children 
and blessed them, and after giving 
them the necessary instructions, and 
arranging for their comfort as best 
he could, he joined the Pioneer Camp 
which was located on the prairie, some 
seven miles distant. A few days 
later the actual journey of over one 
thousand miles was begun. Elder 
Snow writes : 

"Many interesting episodes oc- 
curred on the journey, but among 
trying and affecting ones was the 
appearance of the mountain fever 
among us, first attacking Elder Ezra 
T. Benson, at our encampment at 
the South Pass of the Rocky Moun- 
tains on the 27th of June. From one- 
third to one-half of our entire com- 
pany were attacked with this malady 
before we reached the Valley of the 
Great Salt Lake, and among the 
number was Pres. Brigham Young. 
I, myself, had a severe attack, from 
which, however, I recovered in about 
a week. This affliction detained us 
so that, with the labor on the roads 
through the Wasatch Mountains, we 
were unable to reach the Salt Lake 
Valley until the 21st of July, when 



156 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Orson Pratt and myself, of the work- 
ing parties, who were exploring, first 
emerged into the Valley and visited 
the site of the future Salt Lake City, 
and when we acsended Red Butte, 
near the mouth of Emigration Canj-on. 
which gave us the first glimpse of 
the blue waters of the Great Salt 
Lake, we simultaneously swung our 
hats and shouted, Hosannah ! for the 
Spirit told us that here the Saints 
should find rest. After about six 
weeks' labor here, laying out the 
City and Fort, plowing and planting 
fields, and building cabins around 
the Fort block, I started with the 
rear camp of the Pioneers on the 
return trip, on Aug. 26th, and, on 
the last day of October reached 
Winter Quarters on the Missouri 
River, where I had left my family, 
having been about six weeks without 
tasting bread. The sweet joy of this 
meeting was mingled with deep grief 
at the loss of a dear little 'daughter. 
Mary Minerva, who had died during 
my absence. 

••Many of our people remaining at 
Winter Quarters were becoming com- 
parative!}- destitute of clothing and 
other necessaries to fit them for a 
march into the desert : and it was 
determined, in the councils of the 
Church, to send a few Elders into 
the Eastern and Southern States to 
solicit contributions (from the benev- 
olent) of mone}- or clothing in aid of 
our poor, most of whom had received 
little or nothing for their farms, 
homes and worldly possessions which 
they had left behind them in Illinois. 
It fell to my lot to accompany Elder 
Ezra T. Benson, one of the Twelve, 
into the Eastern States, to New York, 
Boston, and many other Eastern 
towns and cities, soliciting aid. Some 
received us kindly and contributed 
mone}- and clothing ; but by far the 
greater proportion of the people 
turned a cold shoulder to us. We 
left Winter Quarters about the first 
of January, 1848, and returned on 
the 2!Jthof April to Winter Quarters. 
Sometimes we were together, at 
other times we were separated, op- 
erating indifferent places. On my 



return trip, I passed through Ohio 
and visited the Kirtland Temple, and 
at St. Louis fell in company with 
several returning Elders and a com- 
pany of Saints, with whom I as- 
cended the Missouri River. 

"Soon after our return to Winter 
Quarters there was a general stir and 
bustle of getting ready for starting 
with our families to Great Salt Lake 
Valley, and gathering our year's 
si pplyof seeds and provisions. Most 
of my oxen had perished during the 
winter, or had been eaten up by the 
Indians, and I was under the neces- 
sity of yoking up my cows and all 
my young stock to work with the 
few oxen I had left, to haul the wag- 
ons for the journey. I traveled in 
company with President Young and 
Kimball and had a verj 7 pleasant and 
agreeable journe} 7 , my teams holding 
out well and my family enjoying 
good health. We reached our des- 
tination with much joy on the 20th 
of September. 

"Soon after our arrival in Salt Lake 
City, I was appointed one of the 
Presidency of the Stake, and during 
the following winter (Feb. 12, 1849), 
I was called and ordained into the 
quorum of the Twelve Apostles, to- 
gether with Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo 
Snow and Franklin D. Richards, 
these all filling vacancies caused by 
the apostasy of Lyman Wight and 
the organization of the quorum of 
the First Presidency out of the quo- 
rum of the Twelve. 

"I continued to labor in the min- 
istry, in common with my brethren, 
though all were obliged to labor with 
their hands during the week, in 
opening up farms and building 
houses for our families. We all win- 
tered in the Old Fort, which had 
been commenced and partly built 
by the pioneers, using our wagon 
beds chiefly for our sleeping rooms. 
During the spring of 184U, we began 
to move out on to our lots, divided 
the city into wards, and began to 
fence by wards. During the sum- 
mer, I built, chiefly with my own 
hands, two rooms on my lot, one of 
adobe, the other of logs, separated 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



157 



from each other for a shed between, 
aDd got my family moved into them, 
with some wagon beds by the side of 
them for sleeping apartments. 

"This year the Perpetual Emigrat- 
ing Fund Company was organized, 
and the system of emigration inaugu- 
rated, which has so largely contrib- 
uted to the gathering of our people 
and the building up of Utah Terri- 
tory. I was appointed one of the 
committee of three in gathering funds 
to put into the hands of Bishop Hun- 
ter, to send back to our poor breth- 
ren left on the Missouri River. At 
that time our settlements extended 
only to Provo on the south and to 
Ogdp.n on the north. We gathered 
about $2,000. About this time also 
I participated in the organizing of 
the provisional government of the 
State of Deseret. 

"At the semi-annual conference in 
October, I was appointed on a mis- 
sion to Denmark, to open the door 
of the Gospel to the Scandinavian 
people. At the same time Elder 
John Taylor was appointed to France, 
Lorenzo Snow to Italy, Franklin D. 
Richards to England, with several 
Polders accompanying each of us. 
We took our departure from Salt 
Lake City on the 19th of October. 
Our little company consisted of 12 
wagons, 42 horses and mules, 1 car- 
riage and 35 men. This included a 
couple of our merchants, going to 
St. Louis after goods, and a number 
of brethren who went east on busi- 
ness. Shadrach Roundy was ap- 
pointed captain, and Jedediah M. 
Grant captain of the guard. Bishop 
Edward Hunter was also one of the 
company. 

"The chief incident of the journey 
was a charge made upon our party 
by about two hundred Cheyenne war- 
riors during our noon halt on the 
Platte, forty miles above Laramie, 
on the 12th of November. They 
were on the look-out for a war party 
of Crows and thought to gobble up 
our little part}'- for pastime ; but we 
did not quite relish the sport, and 
having about one hundred and thirty 
shots with us, in about one minute's 



time we formed a line of battle, 
under the direction of our gallant 
captain, Jedediah M. Grant, in front 
of our wagons, with our animals be- 
hind them on the river's bank, and 
when every man's finger was upon 
his piece ready to fire, the savage 
horsemen were brought to a sudden 
standstill. A parley commenced, 
which resulted in their giving us the 
road, and they withdrawing to their 
camps, while we made a good after- 
noon's march. During the night 
following a party of Crows succeeded 
in making a descent upon their camp 
and running off a number of their 
horses. 

"We went down on the south side 
of the Platte, and reached the Mis- 
souri River, at a point where now 
stands Nebraska City, on the 7th of 
December, in a blinding snow storm 
which had lasted about fourteen 
hours. The snow was about three 
feet deep when we reached the old 
barracks (Old Fort Kearney) on the 
west side of the river. And how 
joyful we were at finding there cab- 
ins to shelter ourselves and shelter 
for our animals. We held a meeting 
that evening, and gave God thanks 
for our successful journey and our 
safe arrival over the bleak and 
dreary plains. 

"The Missouri River was full of 
mush ice, and we saw no means of 
crossing it. We all joined in prayer 
that night that the Lord would cause 
the ice speedily to congeal, and make 
a bridge for us to cross over. When 
we woke up the next morning, the 
river was gorged with ice a little 
below us, and was piling up with 
floating ice. The second day we all 
passed safely over with our horses 
and wagons, and the day after the 
ice broke up again and there was no 
more crossing the river for three 
weeks after. 

"After a visit to Kanesville, about 
fifty miles up the river, where the 
Saints received us with much joy, 
most of the missionaries journeyed 
together till we reached St. Louis, 
whence we expected to take differ- 
ent directions through the States to 



158 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



visit the remnants of the Saints, re- 
maining in the .States and gathering 
means for crossing the water. Dur- 
ing the week we stopped in St. Louis 
I had varioloid, (mild smallpox) and 
was very sick for a few days. I 
suppose I must have contracted the 
disease on my overland journey 
through Misssouri. Sister Streeper, 
my kind-hearted hostess, who cared 
for me like a faithful mother, had a 
large family of children, including a 
young babe, who was frequently laid 
in the bed with me, and when the 
pits began to appear on me, and the 
character of my disease became 
known, she in her anxiety exclaimed, 
"Oh! my poor babe, and my poor 
children, none of whom have been 
vaccinated." At first, for a moment, 
a feeling of grief came over me, that 
I should be the cause of this agony ; 
but straightway the Spirit came upon 
me, and I said to her: 'Be of good 
cheer ; because of what you have 
done to me God will shield you and 
your house, and none of 3-011 shall 
suffer on my account.' She believed 
my words and was comforted ; and, 
so far as I know, no soul took the 
disease from me, except sister Felt, 
who had a few moments conversation 
with me, while the fever was on me, 
and her little infant daughter; who 
well-nigh perished with the small- 
pox. 

I sailed from Boston on the 3rd 
of April on a Cunard steamer, for 
Liverpool, where I landed on the 
16th, and two days later Lorenzo 
Snow arrived in a sailing vessel from 
New York. We visited man}- of the 
churches in England, Scotland and 
Wales. During the next four weeks 
I received many contributions in aid 
of our missions. On the 14th of 
June, 1850, I landed in Copenbagen, 
the capital of Denmark, in company 
with Elders George P. Dykes and 
John E. Forsgren — the former an 
American and the latter a native of 
Sweden. We were met at the wharf 
by Elder P. O. Hansen, a native of 
that city, who had embraced the 
Gospel in America, and had left 
Salt Lake Cit} r with us, but had made 



his way in advance of us to his na- 
tive land." 

Brother P. O. Hansen conducted 
Elders Snow, Dykes and Forsgren to 
a hotel, where, after being shown an 
upper room, they all kneeled to- 
gether and offered up thanksgiving 
to God, dedicating themselves to His 
service. Finding the hotel nois3*,they 
moved to a private house (L. B. 
Mailing's) the next day, where they 
were kindly received and well enter- 
tained. On the following Sunday 
(June lGth) they attended a meet- 
ing, conducted by Mr. J*. C. Mon- 
ster, a Baptist reformer, who had 
been subjected to much persecution 
because of his religious belief. He 
was an educated man and com- 
menced to investigate the principles 
taught by the "American mission- 
aries" in real earnest, and at one 
time it seemed as if he would em- 
brace the fulness of the Gospel, to- 
gether with his whole congregation, 
but finally he hardened his heart and 
rejected the truth. The principal 
and best part of his followers, how- 
ever, were subsequently baptized into 
the true Church of Christ, and as 
was the case with the Campbellites 
in Kirtland, Ohio, in the early 
days of the Church, so also did a 
congregation of reformed Baptists 
furnish the first fruits of the preach- 
ing of the Gospel in its fulness in 
Denmark. 

On the 12th of August, 1850, 
Apostle Snow baptized fifteen per- 
sons in the clear waters of the beauti- 
ful Oresund, near Copenhagen. Ole 
U. C. Monster was the first man and 
Anna Beckstrom the first woman bap- 
tized. These had all been members 
of Mr. P. C. Monsters reformed Bap- 
tist Church. 

On Aug. 14th the first confirma- 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



159 



tions took place in Denmark, and on 
the 25th the sacrament was admin- 
istered there for the first time by 
divine authority in this dispensation. 
On the latter date the first ordination 
to the Priesthood also took place, 
Brother K. H. Bruun being ordained 
to the office of a Priest. The first 
native Elder ordained was Brother 
Christian Christiansen. After the 
first baptisms others came forward 
and followed the example, and on 
Sept. 15, 1850, the first branch of 
the Church in Scandinavia was or- 
ganized in Copenhagen, with 50 
members. 

The 3*oung Saints rejoiced exceed- 
ingly under the influence of the 
Spirit of God, which was abundantly 
poured out upon them, the manifes- 
tations of the power of God in the 
healing of the sick also gladdened 
their hearts, and before the end of 
the year the work had taken deep 
root, not only in Copenhagen, but 
in the province of Jutland, where 
another branch of the Church had 
been organized in Aalborg by Elder 
George P. Dykes, Nov. 25, 1850. 

In the meantime Elder John E. 
Forsgren had gone to Sweden, where 
he succeeded in baptizing a few, 
after which he was arrested, guard- 
ed and finally banished from the 
country. 

Apostle Snow, assisted by Elder 
P. O. Hansen and others, set dili- 
gently to work translating the Book 
of Mormon into the Danish language. 
The book was published in the be- 
ginning of 1851, and was the first 
edition of that divine record pub- 
lished in a foreign language. In or- 
der to get means for its publication 
Elder Snow had to make a trip to 
England, where he raised the neces- 
sary amount among the British 



Saints. After its completion he made 
a second trip to England. Shortly 
before his return home, in 1852, he 
also published the Doctrine and Cov- 
enants in the Danish language. 

In September 1850 Apostle Snow 
wrote an interesting paraplet entitled 
"En Sandheds Rost" (A Voice of 
Truth) explaining the first principles 
of the Gospel in a very plain and 
forcible manner. Nearly 200,000 
copies of that little work has since 
been published in the Danish and 
Swedish languages. "Remarkable 
Visions" by Orson Pratt and a num- 
ber of other pamphlets were sub- 
sequently translated and published 
in Danish. 

By diligent application and close 
study Elder Snow also acquired a 
sufficient knowledge of the Danish 
language to enable him to converse 
quite freely with the people ; and 
thus he became more intimately ac- 
quainted with their characteristics, 
manners and habits. B3- an ex- 
emplary and consistent life and 
kind ways he soon gained the love 
and confidence of a race, whose 
devotion to the cause of truth and 
high regard for its advocates has 
been subjects of much comment 
in later years. Apostle Snow soon 
learned to appreciate the warm feel- 
ings. full-heartedness and true friend- 
ship of the Scandinavian Saints, and 
to-day better than ever, no doubt, 
he realizes the fact that among his 
best and truest friends are some of 
those who embraced the fulness of 
the Gospel under his administrations 
in that comparatively unknown coun- 
try of the north. It is here also 
worth recording that none of the 
missions established by the Elders 
in this last dispensation, save the 
British, has been so fruitful as the 



160 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



one founded by Apostle Snow in the 
years 1850-52 in Scandinavia. 

In 1851 a Danish hymn book was 
prepared and printed and a monthly 
(soon changed to a semi-monthly) 
periodical called " Skandinaviens 
Stjerne" commenced. This paper 
19 still the Church organ in Scandi- 
navia, and is now running on its 36th 
volume. 

As in all other countries, where 
the fulness of the Gospel has come 
in contact with the erroneous tradi- 
tions and creeds of men, persecu- 
tions on the part of the clergy and the 
ignorant soon began to show its face 
in Denmark, and in various places 
the Elders and Saints were subjected 
to cruel treatment by mobs. Relig- 
ious liberty had been granted the 
year before the mission arrived, but 
the people generally did not seem to 
understand the change proposed by 
this action of the government, and 
the authorities also were slow in 
rendering protection to such as were 
openly denounced by the clergy and 
others as false Prophets. But the 
more severe the persecutions, the 
better the work flourished. New 
branches sprang into existence in 
nearly all parts of Denmark, and in 
the latter part of 1851 the Gospel 
was also succesfully introduced into 
Norway. 

Elder Snow soon found himself 
surrounded by a host of intelligent 
native Elders, who labored with a 
zeal perhaps up to that time un- 
equaled in the history of the Church. 
Returning from England in Aug., 
1851, he held the first general con- 
ference of the Church in Scandinavia. 
The second one was held in the fol- 
lowing November, on which occasion 
three conferences (Copenhagen, Fre- 
dericia and Aalborg) were organ- 



ized. In the beginning of 1852, 
having laid a good and firm founda- 
tion for the work of God in Den- 
mark, Apostle Snow began to make 
preparations for returning home. On 
Feb. 20th, 21st and 22nd the third 
general conference was held in 
the city of Copenhagen, on which 
occasion nearly six hundred mem- 
bers were represented in Denmark, 
besides a few in Norway and Sweden. 
On the 24th a farewell feast was ar- 
ranged for Brother Snow in a large 
hotel parlor. About three hundred 
persons were present on that occa- 
sion, and a time, such as had nevei 
been had before in that land, was 
enjoyed by the young and confiding 
Saints. All vied with each other in 
showing their appreciation of and 
good feelings towards the man who 
had brought them the true religion 
of Christ. 

On March 4th Apostle Snow, tak- 
ing an affectionate leave of his flock, 
sailed from Copenhagen , accompanied 
by nineteen emigrating Saints. These, 
together with nine others, who had 
embarked a few weeks previous, 
were the first direct fruits of the Gos- 
pel from the Scandinavian countries. 
They have been followed by more 
than twenty-five thousand others. 

After spending a few weeks in 
England, attending to the organiza- 
tion of the Deseret Iron Company 
and other matters, Apostle Snow em- 
barked from Liverpool on May 8th, 
in company with Franklin D. Rich- 
ards, and arrived safely in Salt Lake 
City Aug. 20, 1852, having been ab- 
sent from his mountain home nearly 
three years. 

At the October Conference, 1853, 
he was called, in connection with 
Geo. A Smith to gather fifty families 
to strengthen the settlements in Iron 



THE BARK " JULIA ANN. 



161 



County ; and the following year he 
was sent east to take charge of the 
Church in St. Louis and the Western 
States. Accompanied by other Elders 
he left G. S. L. City July 8, 1854, 
and on the 4th of November follow- 
ing he organized a Stake of Zion at 
St Louis, Mo. On Nov. 22, 1854, 
he commenced the publication of the 
St. Louis Luminary, and he also 
superintended the emigration, cross- 
ing the plains. In 1855 over two 
thousand Saints commenced the jour- 
ney to the valleys from Mormon 
Grove, a place near Atchison City, 
Kansas, which had been selected by 
Elder Snow as the starting point for 
the overland journe}-. From this 
mission he returned to Salt Lake 
City Sept. 1, 1855. 

On April 22, 1856, Elder Snow 
left his mountain home on another 
mission to the States, from which 
he returned in August the following 
year. Having returned from still 
another mission to the East he was 
called, in connection with G.A.Smith 
and other Elders, on a mission to 
Southern Utah, with a view to locat- 
ing settlements in the valleys of the 
Rio Virgin and Santa Clara, for the 
purpose of raising cotton. This mis- 
sion started from Salt Lake City 
Nov. 29, 1861. St. George and other 
settlements were located the same 
year ; and Apostle Snow has ever 
since devoted a great deal of his 
time to the interest of Southern Utah, 
over which he presided spiritually 
for many years and also represented 
the southern counties in the Council 



branch of the Utah Legislature, un- 
til disfranchised by the Edmunds 
law. 

In 1873 he performed a short mis- 
sion to Europe, on which he again 
visited Scandinavia, since which he 
has principally been engaged in trav- 
eling among the Saints in Utah, Ari- 
zona, New Mexico and Colorado, 
aiding in locating new settlements, 
organizing new wards and Stakes of 
Zion, as well as strengthening and 
building up the older ones. Perhaps 
no other man in the Church has done 
more pioneer labor than has Apostle 
Snow. His diligence, untiring zeal 
and energy are really remarkable ; 
and his name will go down to future 
generations as a man who devoted 
all his strength and ability to the 
building up of the kingdom of God 
on the earth and for the benefit of 
mankind. But notwithstandiug all 
he has done in the interest of his 
country, he is now numbered among 
the "exiles for conscience sake," 
not being allowed, under the pres- 
sure of the unhallowed persecution 
now raging against the Latter-day 
Saints, to remain in peaceful posses- 
sion of a home within the borders of 
that land over which the "stars and 
stripes" wave in supposed triumph 
over tyranny and oppression. Though 
now somewhat advanced in j'ears, 
Apostle Snow enjoys good health, 
and his mind is apparently as bright 
and active as ever. His long and 
varied experience makes him a wise 
and safe counselor in the midst of 
his brethren of the Priesthood. 



THE BARK "JULIA ANN." 



Out of the great number of companies of 
Latter-day Saints which have crossed the 
ocean from Europe, Asia, Australia and the 



Islands of the Sea, the following instance is 
the only one on record, where loss of life has 
been caused by shipwreck : 



162 



THE BARK "Jl'LIA ANN. 



The American bark Julia Ann, Captain 
B. F. Pond, sailed from Sydney, Xew South 
Wales, Australia, Sept. 7, 1855, bound for 
San Francisco, Cal., with 5G souls on board. 
Twenty-eight of that number, including 
Elders .lames Graham and John 8. Eldredge, 
two American missionaries returning home, 
were Latter-day Saints on their way to Utah. 
Elder John Penfold, sen, had been ap- 
pointed by President Augustus Farnham to 
take charge of the company. The bark left 
the Sydney Heads at 2 o'clock p. m. with the 
wind blowing from the north-east. Rather 
rough weather was encountered for a few 
days, with strong winds from the east north- 
east, which caused considerable sea sickness. 
Otherwise the voyage was successful until 
the 3rd of October, about nine o'clock p. m., 
when the vessel struck on the reefs off the 
Scilly Islands. Captain Pond, expecting to 
pass between Mopea and the Scilly Islands, 
had set the watch in the foretop. The log 
was hove about 8 o'clock p. m., and the bark 
was found to be making UK knots per hour. 
Shortly afterwards the sea became broken, 
and in about an hour the vessel with a 
tremendous crash dashed head on to a coral 
reef. She immediately swung around with 
her broadside to the reef, and the sea made 
a complete breach over her at every swell. 

Directly after she struck, Captain Pond 
ordered all the passengers into the after- 
cabin. A scene of indescnbeable confusion 
followed as the steerage passengers rushed 
into the cabin, and several mothers were 
seen holding their undressed children in 
their arms as they had snatched them from 
their slumbers. In a few moments the fear 
was in some measure delayed by a sailor 
who came to the cabin for a light, and who 
told the passengers that although the ship 
would be lost their lives would be saved, as 
they were close to the reef. 

By the aid of the spanker boom and the 
expert swimming of one of the sailors, a 
rope was carried ashore and fastened to the 
reef, by meaus of which many succeeded in 
making their escape in comparative safety 
from the vessel. Five, however, were 
drowned, namely Sisters Humphrey and 
Harris and three children. Brother John 
McCarthy, one of the passengers, who fur- 
nished the editor of the Western Standard 
with a graphic description of the disaster, 
writes : 

"I saw mothers nursing their babes in the 
midst of falling masts and broken spars, 
while the breakers were rolling twenty feet 
high over the wreak. One lady — sister Har- 
ris — preparatory to leaving the ship with her 
two children, the eldest of which was two 
years old, tied the youngest, a babe six 
weeks old, to her breast; the vessel imme- 



diately afterwards broke in two across the 
main hatch, and the waters rushing in, en- 
gulfed herself and child amid the strug- 
gling waves and timbers of the wreck. 
"There was another lady— sister Humphrey 
— who had three children. When the vessel 
struck she told her friends to protect her 
children and convey them safely to Great 
Salt Lake City, for her earthly "career was 
run. Shortly afterwards she, with one of her 
children, was swept by a sea into the foam- 
ing surf, and they were seen no more. There 
was also a young mother of seventeen, who 
manifested true courage during the dreadful 
scene; her husband took their child and 
lashed it to his back, and struggled to the 
reef on a rope, with his wife close behind 
him, and the three were saved unhurt. I 
must here remark, that amidst all these 
awful and appalling scenes, not a shriek of 
despair was heard from one of these mothers 
and children. 

"By about midnight the principal part of 
the passengers had reached the reef, with 
the exception of Elder James Graham, and 
some of the brethren. Soon afterwards the 
vessel broke to pieces, and the part they were 
on was providentially carried high upon the 
rocks, and they were landed in safety. All 
hands reached the reef, excepting two wo- 
men and three children who were drowned. 

"With our bodies much lacerated by the 
sharp coral reef, and with a dreary waste of 
water without land in sight, our situation 
was a pitiable one; but when the light burst 
forth from the eastern horizon, we discov- 
ered at the distance of about tw T elve miles, 
the outline of the Scilly Isles. Is was then 
ascertained that the vessel had struck on the 
south-west reef of these isles; and by a sub- 
sequent observation it was ascertained, that 
the true position of the Scilly Isles was six- 
teen miles from the place indicated by the 
chart. 

"At sunrise all hands commenced to make 
a raft with fragments of the wreck, to con- 
vey us to the islands. By about noon the 
remains of a quarter boat was also fixed up 
with canvas and copper, to convey the wo- 
men and children to the land; still the men 
were compelled to remain on the reef two 
days and two nights, without anything to 
eat or drink, and this under a burning trop- 
ical sun. The third day we succeeded in 
reaching the island upon'the raft, and found 
that its only inhabitants were rats and -ea- 
fowl; there was no fresh water to be seen in 
any direction. By scraping holes, however, 
in the sand, near the water's edge, with a 
pearl shell,we were enabled to obtain water, 
which, by filtration through the sand, was 
rendered comparatively fresh and palatable. 
We kindled a tire by the aid of a sun glass., 
and roasted some shell-fish, aud made a 
very light repast. 

"After we were all landed on the island, 
Captain Pond called all hands to order, and 
delivered a short address, stating that as we 
were cast away upon a desolate island, a 
common brotherhood should be maintained, 
and every man should hunt birds ami fish 
for our common sustenance, to which prop- 
osition all assented. The next morning we 
found a turtle upon the beach that weighed 
about three hundred pounds; this gave as 
strength and confidence to exert ourselves 
with energy; and we placed sentinels around 
the island to watch for turtle and wild fowl. 
Too much can not be said in commendation 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



163 



of the Saints in this trying situation. I have 
seen an old lady upwards of sixty years of 
age out at night hunting turtle. 

"In this situation we remained seven weeks. 
Bv that time the ship's carpenter had re- 
paired the quarter boat so that it was thought 
that she might possibly live to perform a 
vovage to some inhabited land. This, after 
great difficulty, was launched over the reef, 
and the captain and nine men, including my- 
self, embarked. Our provisions were a little 
salt pork and jerked turtle, with two casks 
of water; there was great danger of being 
swamped in crossing the reef, with our small 
boat, but we providentially succeeded in 
getting safely outside, and were heartily 
cheered by those on shore. We returned 
their cheers and took our departure. 

"Our boat was almost level with the water; 
but after four days' hard pulling through 
squalls and calms, we succeeded in reaching 
Borabora, one of the Society Islands, a dis- 
tance of about two hundred "miles. The in- 
habitants treated us with much kindness, 
and fed us upon poi and breadfruit. From 
thence I went with the mate and one of the 
crew to the island of Mopiti, and petitioned 
KingTapoa for relief. We were received with 
kindness, and obtained two small schooners 
with which to return and rescue the pas- 
sengers. In these we returned to the Scilly 
Isles. 

"In the meantime Capt. Pond had chartered 
the Emma Packer at Huabine, and had 
sailed for the Scilly Isles and reached there 
twelve hours before us. She took the pas- 
sengers from the island and went to Tahiti, 
consequently when I found they had been 
taken off, I returned in the schooner to 
Mopiti. I would here state that while on 
this uninhabited island we held our regular 
meetings, dividing the time between worship 
and labor, as we would have done had we 
been at our ordinary occupations." 

The noble and heroic disposition of Capt. 
Pond was exhibited throughout the whole 
sad affair. While the crew was engaged in 
getting the passengers ashore, Mr. Owens, 
the second mate,was going to carry a bag con- 
taining eight thousand dollars belonging to 
the captain ashore. The captain ordered him 
to leave the money and carry a little girl 
ashore instead. He did so; the child was 
saved, but the money was lost. 

It was on the 3rd of December, 1855, that 
the unfortunate emigrants were taken from 
their lonely and exiled condition on the 
Scilly Islands, by the untiring perseverance 
of Captain Pond, connected with the charit- 
able good feelings of Captain Latham, master 
of the schooner Emma Packer, who came to 



their relief. They were first taken to Hua- 
hine, one of the Society Islands, thence to 
Tahiti, where they were most kindly treated 
by the inhabitants. The United Board or 
Masonic Lodge took immediate measures to 
relieve their wants, by providing or finding 
shelter and food for all. The American 
Consul provided for the crew. 

Elders Graham and Eldredge returned 
with the schooner to Huahine, where they 
remained a month and then sailed for Hono- 
lulu, on the Sandwich Islands. After re- 
maining there two weeks they were enabled, 
by the assistance of an Elder Evans and 
others, to engage passage on board the 
Francis Palmer, with which they, after 
twenty three days' sailing, safely arrived in 
San Francisco, Cal., April 23, 1856. 

Elder John McCarthy, after returning to 
Mopiti, commenced to preach the Gospel 
there, found favor with King Tapoa, and 
soon had the satisfaction of baptizing the 
king's interpreter, Captain Delano, a Mal- 
tese by birth, who could speak seven lan- 
guages. Brother McCarthy ordained this 
man an Elder and w r as enabled through him 
to preach to the natives, who received his 
testimony with much favor. After about 
three weeks' stay at Mopiti, Elder McCarthy 
sailed for the island of Riatea, where he 
baptized a Spaniard by the name of Shaw 
and ordained him an Elder. He remained 
on that island two weeks, when he obtained 
passage for Tahiti in a French sloop, and 
from thence sailed for San Francisco, Cal., 
where he arrived April 14, 1856. 

After the departure of Elders Graham, 
Eldredge and McCarthy, and another one of 
the emigrants from Tahiti, the following 
Saints were left at that place: John Penfold, 
the President of the company, and his wife, 
two sons and three orphan children, whose 
parents were lost; Brother Anderson, wife 
and seven children, and Brother Logie, wife 
and one child. Brothers Penfold and Logie, 
with their families, embarked for California 
a short time afterwards; and finally Brother 
Anderson and his family, the last members 
of the ship-wrecked company, embarked and 
sailed from Tahiti on the G. W. Kendall on 
May 5th, arriving at San Francisco, June 
27th, after at edious passage. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



SNOW, (Willard,) a brother of Apostle 
Erastus Snow, was born May 6, 1811, in St. 
Johnsbury, Caledonia County, Vermont, was 
baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, June 18, 1833, by Elder 



Orson Pratt, and removed to Kirtland, Ohio, 
in the spring of 1834, together with his 
brother Zerubbabel and other members of 
the family. The same year Willard joined 
Zion's Camp, in which he traveled to Mis- 



104 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



souri, where he had a narrow escape from 
death, being among the number which, while 
the camp rested in Clay County, Mo., was 
attacked by cholera. Early in 1835 he re- 
turned to Kirtland, where he, on Feb. 28th, 
was ordained a member of the first quorum 
of Seventies. After this he performed sev- 
eral missions in the United States, preaching 
the Gospel in various parts of the country. 
In 1836, after receiving his blessings in the 
Kirtland Temple, he removed to Missouri, 
where, and later in Illinois, he shared in the 
persecutions raging against the Saints. Thvis 
following the Church from place to place he 
finally arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley, 




Willard Snow. 

where he honorably filled the offices of a 
Counselor to Daniel Spencer, the President 
of the Stake at G. S. L. City, a mem- 
ber of the committee of the Perpetual 
Emigrating Fund, a magistrate under, the 
Provisional State of Deseret, a lieutenant- 
colonel in the Nauvoo Legion, etc. On Aug. 
6, 1851, he was elected a representative to 
the legislative assembly of Utah Territory. 
At a General Conference held in G. S. ju. 
City, commencing Sept. 7, 1851, he was 
called to go on a mission to Europe. To fill 
this he soon afterwards left his mountain 
home, leaving a wife and four children, and 
arrived in Liverpool, England, Dec. 29th 
following. Immediately after he was ap- 
pointed to labor with Elder Robert Camp- 
bell in the pastoral charge of the Church in 
Scotland, where he continued nearly three 
months. In March, 1852, Apostle Erastus 



Snow, who had finished his mission in Scan- 
dinavia, arrived in England, on his way to 
G. S. L. City, and on the 18th of March, 

1852, Willard was appointed to succeed his 
brother in the Presidency of that mission. 
On April 21st he took the steamer at Hull 
and arrived at Copenhagen, Denmaik, on 
the 26th. He set to work with a will to 
learn the Danish language, in which he was 
quite successful, and at the departure of 
Elder John E. Forsgren, who had preside;! 
temporarily, Willard took full charge of the 
mission, Dec. 20, 1852, laboring diligently, 
faithfully and successfully in the discharge 
of his important duties. While addressing 
a council of Elders in the evening of Aug. 15, 

1853, in Copenhagen, he was so violently 
attacked with illness that he was unable to 
proceed. Upon receiving the administration 
of the Elders he experienced great relief and 
decided to go to England. On the 18th he 
took passage on board the steamer Transit, 
but while on board he was again prostrated. 
He soon became unconscious, and continued 
to sink gradually until the evening of Aug. 
21st when he expired. Elders P. 0. Hansen 
and H. P. Jensen were with him, but not- 
withstanding their earnest solicitations, the 
body, to comply with the captain's wishes, 
was sunk into the sea only a few miles out 
from Hull. Elder Snow's first wife, Melvina 
Harvey Snow, died in Salt Lake City, Utah, 
Oct. 24, 1882, about 71 years of age. Of his 
two other wives one died shortly after her 
arrival in the valley, and the other is still 
alive. 

"WESTERN STANDARD," (The) a 24 
column newspaper, edited and published in 
the interest of the Church in San Francisco, 
Cal., by Elder Geo. Q. Cannon, assisted by 
Elder Joseph Bull, the latter attending to 
the typographical work. The first number 
was published on Feb. 23, 1850, and the 
paper continued for nineteen months, |the 
total number of issues being 70. It was 
printed on good paper and from clear type, 
formerly used in the publication of the Book 
of Mormon in the Hawaiian language. The 
reading matter on each page containing six 
columns measured 214 yAlih inches. In the 
fall of 1857, the march of the United States 
army on Utah and the probability of a collis- 
ion between the troops and the Saints, 
caused the withdrawal of the missionary 
Elders from California and the suspension 
of the /Standard, the last number of which 
was dated Sept. 18, 1857. Under the title of 
"Writings from the Western Standard," its 
leading articles and editorials were re-pub- 
lished' in Liverpool, England, by Geo. Q. 
Cannon, in 18(S4. The book contains over 
five hundred pages of reading matter and is 
for sale at the Juvenile Instructor Office, 
Salt Lake City. 



THE HISTORICAL RECORD is published once a month by Andrew 
Jenson, Salt Lake City, Utah. Subscription price: $1-25 per annum. 



THiC 



HISTORICAL RECORD, 

Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chrono- 
logical and Statistical Matters. 

"What thou seest, write in a book." Rev. 1, 11. 



Nos. 3-5. 



MAY, 1887. 



Vol. VI. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



FRANKLIN DEWEY RICHARDS, 
A son of Phinehas Richards and 
Wealthy Dewey, was born in Rich- 
mond, Berkshire Co., Mass., April 2, 
1821. He was the fourth born and 
is the oldest surviviug of his father's 
nine children. Being raised on a 
farm, he became at an early age 
accustomed to heavy labor, but used 
all the spare time he had for getting 
an education and laying up treas- 
ures_ of knowledge. Before he was 
ten years old, he had read ever}' 
book in the Sunday School, compri- 
sing some scores of volumes, and 
when thirteen years old spent a win^ 
ter at Lenox Academy. His parents, 
being devout and respected Congre- 
gationalists, trained their children in 
the pious way, and Franklin was 
early in life impressed with solemn 
views on religion. His ideas in regard 
to many scriptural points was, how- 
ever, very different from those inter- 
tained by most other people, with 
whom he associated, and this caused 
him to decline a special offer made 
to him, to be educated for the min- 
istry in a leading New England 
college. 

In the summer of 1836, Elders 
Joseph and Brigham Young came 



from Ohio to Richmond as mes- 
sengers of the true Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. They left a copy of the Book 
of Mormon with the Richards family, 
and it was carefully and intelligently 
perused. Franklin brought all the 
ardor of his studious mind to bear 
upon it, and after having studied it 
carefully, accepted it as the truth and 
believed. 

In the autumn of that year (1836) 
Willard and Levi Richards went to 
Kirtland, Ohio, as delegates and 
leaders of the family to the truth. 
They accepted the Gospel and re- 
mained. In the succeeding April, 
Phinehas with Franklin's younger 
brother, George Spencer — aged 14 
years — also journeyed to Kirtland. 
They in turn received and acknowl- 
edged the truth. In the autumn of 

1837, Phinehas returned to Rich- 
mond. He founu Franklin awaiting 
baptism ; and on the 3rd day of June, 

1838, Phinehas had the pleasure of 
immersing his son within the waters 
of Mill Creek in Richmond, his native 
town. 

Franklin abandoned his employ- 
ment, and on Oct. 22, 1838, left 
Richmond for Far West, Missouri. 
It was a lonely, toilsome journey. 



166 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



On the 30th day of that month (Oc- 
tober) he crossed the Alleghanies ; 
and almost at the same hour his be- 
loved brother, George Spencer Rich- 
ards, was slain by an assassin mob 
at Haun's Mill. But the news of his 
brother's tragic death and the hide- 
ous stories of the "Mormon War" 
were alike powerless to restrain his 
purpose and he journeyed on event- 
fully. After visiting Far West and 
gaining confirmation of his faith, he 
found employment along the Missis- 
sippi River. 

In May, 1839, he first met the 
Prophet Joseph, and the following 
spring he was ordained to the calling 
of a Seventy and was appointed to a 
mission in northern Indiana. He 
journeyed and preached with great 
success ; established, by his own per- 
sonal efforts, a branch of the Church 
in Porter County ; and before he was 
twenty years of age delivered, at 
Plymouth, a series of public lectures 
which attracted much attention. The 
April Conference for the year 1841 
saw him at Nauvoo an adoring wit- 
ness to the laying of the corner stone 
of the Temple ; and at this eventful 
gathering he was called to renew his 
labors in the region of northern In- 
diana. Just before he was to start 
on this momentous journey he saw 
Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon 
take the lead of nearly five hundred 
baptisms and confirmations, and the 
glorious sight made his zeal mightier 
than ever. 

In the summer of that year he 
was at La Porte, Indiana, sick nigh 
unto death, and yet determined to 
progress with his mission. He found 
consoling care in the kindly home of 
Isaac Snyder, and through several 
weeks he was nursed as a beloved 
son of the house. When the family 



of Father Snyder took up its march 
for Nauvoo, Franklin was carried 
back by them to the beautiful city ; 
but soon after the succeeding Octo- 
ber Conference he was once more 
moving in the missionary field — this 
time being the companion of Phinehas 
H. Young, in Cincinnati and its vi- 
cinity. He fortunately visited Father 
Snyder's family again in the summer 
of 1842, just as he was convales- 
cing from an almost fatal attack of 
typhoid fever; and in December of 
that year he wedded the youngest 
daughter of the house — Jane Snyder, 
who is yet alive. He remained with 
the Saints at Nauvoo until the latter 
part of May, 1844, in the meantime 
being ordained a High Priest ; and 
then was called to depart upon a mis- 
sion to England. He was accompanied 
by Apostle Brigham Young and others 
to the Atlantic States, but before 
setting sail for Europe he heard the 
dreadful news of the .Carthage tra- 
gedy, and was called back to Nau- 
voo. 

The opening months of the next 
year, 1845, were spent by him in 
traveling more than a thousand miles 
^mong the branches of the Church 
in Michigan and elsewhere to gather 
donations for the Temple. He re- 
turned to Nauvoo with nearly five 
hundred dollars for this sacred pur- 
pose, and then was chosen by his 
uncle Willard to be a scribe in the 
office of the Church Historian. He 
also labored through the spring of 
1846 as carpenter and joiner in the 
lower main court of the Temple, 
until the structure was completed and 
dedicated — having previously re- 
ceived his endowments and partici- 
pated in the administration of the 
sacred ordinances therein. 

When these duties were concluded 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



167 



and the time for the exodus had 
come, he sacrificed the pleasant little 
home, built by his own toil ; and with 
the meagre proceeds he purchased a 
wagon and cattle and such few ne- 
cessaries as he could compass for the 
use of his family — an invalid wife 
and baby girl. With the heroism of 
the martyrs, he saw his loved ones 
starting on that melancholy journey 
into the Western Wilderness. He 
committed them to the great Creator' s 
care, and then he turned his face 
resolutely towards the East to fill his 
mission to England — without money 
or sufficient clothing, to make his 
way by faith alone, across continent 
and ocean into a strange land. His 
younger brother Samuel was called 
to accompany him, and the two mis- 
sionaries crossed the river toNauvoo 
and slept the first night of their ar- 
duous journey in a deserted building 
there. The God whom they so un- 
selfishly served opened their way ; 
they pursued their journey via the 
Mississippi and Ohio Rivers to Pitts- 
burgh, and across the mountains to 
the coast; and on Sept. 22, 1846, 
thej^ sailed from New York in com- 
pany with Apostle Parley P. Pratt 
and others. The last word which 
Franklin received from the Camp of 
Israel, before the ship put to sea, 
was that his wife Jane amidst all the 
privations of the exodus was lying 
at the point of death — that a little 
son had been born to her, but the 
child had quietly expired upon its 
mother's devoted bosom. This was 
the comfort brought to the courage- 
ous missionar}^ to speed and solace 
him upon his trying voyage ! 

On the 14th day of October he 
landed in Liverpool. A few days 
later he was appointed to preside 
over the Church in Scotland, with 



Samuel as his assistant. Apostle 
Orson Hyde was at this epoch the 
President of the British mission and 
editor of the Millennial Star ; though 
he was soon to depart for America 
and was to be succeeded by Elder 
Orson Spencer. But at the hour 
when the change was expected to be 
made, a false report of Elder Spen- 
cer's death reached Liverpool. The 
rumor was believed and Apostle 
Hyde appointed Franklin, then only 
twenty-five j-ears old, to both of the 
positions which he, himself, was va- 
cating, but just as he was entering 
upon his high trust Elder Spencer 
arrived in England. Franklin was 
then chosen to be one of his Coun- 
selors ; and during the subsequent 
serious illness of the President, 
Franklin was obliged to sustain the 
responsibilities and perform the du- 
ties of that calling. He labored there 
until Feb. 20, 1848, when he was 
appointed to take charge of a large 
company of Saints who were emi- 
grating to the Rocky Mountains, 
crossing the Atlantic in the ship 
Carnatic. 

During the time of Franklin's stay 
in the British Isles, the Saints there 
had been relieved of the treacherous 
"Joint Stock Company." The dis- 
honest projectors of the despicable 
scheme'' had fled to other regions ; 
and hope and confidence again held 
sway. But while all in the mission 
was prosperous, and the } r oung Elder 
could justly feel proud and happy 
in the great work of proselyting 
melancholy news came to him from 
the wilderness. His brother Joseph 
William Richards, a member of the 
Mormon Battalion, had succumbed 
to the rigors of the march and his 
wearied form had been laid in a 
lonely grave by the banks of the 



168 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Arkansas River. Franklin's little 
daughter "Wealthy had also died, and 
left his wife heartbroken, childless 
and alone. 

The homeward journey via New 
Orleans and St. Louis to "Winter 
Quarters was completed by the 
middle of May, 1848, and there 
Franklin found his wife and such of 
their relatives as had survived the 
perils and privations of the times. 
In June he was sent through west- 
ern Iowa negotiating for cattle with 
which to move the company of Wil- 
lard Richards across the plains to 
the Salt Lake basin. His effort was 
completely successful, and on the 
5th of July the train started, with 
Franklin acting as captain over fifty 
wagon,s. The journey was a most 
distressful one to his wife. Much of 
the time it seemed as though each 
day would be her last. But they 
found kind and helpful friends who 
ministered to their wants ; and on 
the 19th of October they entered the 
valley through Emigration Canyon 
and camped in the fort, more grate- 
ful to God than words can express 
to find a resting place for wearied 
frames worn with toil and sickness. 

Franklin sold his cloak and every 
other article of clothing which he 
could spare, and with the proceeds 
purchased building material. Before 
the violence of the winter was felt 
he was able to construct a small 
room of adobies without roof and 
without floor. From this rude man- 
sion on the succeeding 12th day of 
February, he was called to receive 
his ordination to the Apostleship. 

The j'oung Apostle became imme- 
diately associated with the other lead- 
ing minds of the community in the 
Provisional Government of the State 
of Deseret.in general legislative and J 



ecclesiastical work, and in the labors 
of creating a Perpetual Emigration 
Fund. 

In October, 1849, he was once 
more called to leave home with its 
tender ties and its responsibilities of 
love, and renew his great missionary 
labor in the British Isles. He trav- 
eled in company with President John 
Taylor, Apostles Lorenzo and Erastus 
Snow and others, and had a most 
eventful journey. Hostile Indians, 
inclement weather and turbulent, icy 
streams, combined to delay and im- 
peril their progress. But the hand 
of Providence protected them and 
the opening month of the } r ear 1850 
found them at St. Louis, visiting with 
dear old friends and brethren. 

This was among the grandest mis- 
sionary movements in the history of 
the Church. President Taylor was 
on his way to France, Lorenzo and 
Erastus Snow were destined for 
Italy and Scandinavia, and Franklin 
was to officiate once more in the 
British Mission. 

Orson Pratt had been presiding 
and editing at Liverpool ; but when 
Franklin arrived there, March l ; '.». 
1850, he found that the elder Apostle 
had been called on a hurried trip to 
Council Bluffs, and the Star con 
tained a notification that during his 
absence Apostle Franklin D. Rich- 
ards would preside over the Church 
affairs in Great Britain. The young 
President immediately began the 
establishment of the Perpetual Emi- 
gration Fund, and founded it upon 
a basis which has enabled its benef- 
icent power to endure until the pres- 
ent day. Later in the season Orson 
Pratt returned to England, and 
Franklin relinquished his place as 
chief, and became Apostle Pratt's 
associate for a few months ; but with 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



169 



the opening of the next year, 1851, 
Orson was called to the valle} r , and 
Apostle Richards was instated as the 
President. Within twelve months 
following, his energy and zeal, with 
that of his brethren, had spread the 
truth with irresistible sway through- 
out the Isles of Britain: while Frank- 
lin, with tireless hand and brain, 
doubled the business at the Liver- 
pool office : revised and enlarged 
the Hymn Book and printed an edi- 
tion of 25,000 copies; prepared his 
pamphlet, the Pearl of Great Price ; 
stereotyped the Book of Mormon 
and arranged for stereotyping the 
Doctrine and Covenants ; issued a 
new edition of Parley P. Pratt's 
Voice of Warning ; and devised a 
plan which made the Star a weekly 
instead of a semi-monthly periodical 
and increased the number of its issue. 
He had also paid an interesting visit 
to President Taylor at Paris, had 
sent to Zion the first company of 
Saints whose passage came through 
the Emigration Fund, and with Apos- 
tle Erastus Snow had made arrange- 
ments for the organization of a com- 
pany to engage in the manufacture 
of iron in Utah. In January, 1852, 
pursuant to advice from the First 
Presidency of the Church, who con- 
templated a visit from him to the 
Great Salt Lake Valley, he installed 
in the Liverpool office his brother 
Samuel, who had been formerly his 
associate during his ardent and suc- 
cessful Scottish ministry, in order to 
fit the younger Richards to maintain 
the increasing work in Franklin's 
temporary absence. 

The baptisms in the British Mis- 
sion during these two years of 
Franklin ? s stupendous labor, extend- 
ing from the summer of 1850 to the 
close of spriug in 1852, aggregated 



about sixteen thousand ; while the 
perfected organization of confer- 
ences, branches, pastorates, etc., 
was commensurate with this marvel- 
ous increase. After exhaustive in- 
vestigation Franklin rejected the 
theory of emigrating the Saints by 
way of Panama to the California 
coast ; and instead adopted the pro- 
ject of sending one ship to each of 
the three ports, Boston, Philadelphia 
and New York. The last received 
the decided preference, after the ex- 
periment ; and the plan of voyage 
between Liverpool and Castle Gar- 
den, instituted by Apostle Richards 
for the European Saints, a third of 
a century since, is still the univer- 
sal^ favored route. 

On May 8, 1852, he sailed from 
Liverpool for New York, and arrived 
safely in G. S. L. City Aug. 20th. 
A few days later (Aug. 29th) he was 
attending the special conference in 
G. S. L. City, at which was promul- 
gated to the world the famous rev- 
elation, which Franklin had long be- 
fore heard and received, upon the 
subject of the eternity and plurality 
of the marriage covenant. 

On December 13, 1852, in the 
Territorial Legislative Assembly he 
renewed his labors as a law maker. 
In the opening of the year 1853, he 
participated in the dedication of the 
Temple grounds at G. S. L. City and 
in laying its corner stones. In the 
succeeding month of July he jour- 
nej'ed with his wife Jane and thuir 
two children to Iron County to pro- 
ceed with the establishing of the iron 
works, and on the trip encountered, 
but without any immediate disaster, 
several parties of hostile Indians. 
At Cedar City military orders were 
received from Governor Young and 
Lieut. -General Wells, in view of In- 



170 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



dian disturbances, and Franklin con- 
tinued assiduously in the work of 
bringing in the outposts, changing 
the site of Cedar City, and fitting 
the people for the resistance of 
savage aggressions. 

He returned to his home in G. S. 
L. City in time to soothe the clos- 
ing hours of his mother's life; but 
was again on the march for the iron 
region on the 22nd of October His 
mission there accomplished, he came 
to G. S. L. City to take part through 
the winter in the legislative councils, 
and while thus engaged he was re- 
quested by President Young to pre- 
pare for another mission to Europe. 

Just before departing for England, 
he held a family gathering, at which 
he set the example of dedicating his 
home and all he possessed to the 
Lord. He reached Liverpool in safety 
June 4, 1854. His letter of appoint- 
ment from the First Presidency, pub- 
lished in the Millennial Star, au- 
thorized him "to preside over all the 
conferences and all the affairs of the 
Church in the British Islands and 
adjacent countries." This was the 
signal for the closer amalgamation 
of all the European Mission under 
one head. He traveled on the Con- 
tinent promoting peace and harmony 
as well as increase to the branches 
theie. Emigration facilities were 
perfected and enlarged. 

In 1855 he engaged for the better 
accommodation of the growing busi- 
ness in Liverpool, the convenient 
premises known now as 42 Islington, 
which have been occupied as the 
chief offices of the Church in Europe 
from that day until the present time. 
In October of this year, the Saxon 
Mission was originall}' established in 
Dresden under his personal direc- 
tion — a mission which has yielded 



intelligence and numerical strength 
to the cause. 

His travels were constant and ex- 
tended to nearly every part of west- 
ern Europe — until he was probably 
better informed than any other man 
regarding the work in foreign lands. 
He gathered around him a most de- 
voted band of American and foreign 
Elders ; and the cause progressed 
amazingly. It was also within his 
province to direct the branches of 
the Church in the East Indies, Africa, 
Australia, New Zealand and other 
parts — making altogether a sphere 
which no man could fill unless every 
ambition were centered in the cause. 
On July 26, 1856, President Rich- 
ards, accompanied by Elder C. H. 
Wheelock, sailed from Liverpool, 
homeward bound, on the steamer 
Asia. 

At a meeting of the Presidents of 
conferences, held in London prev- 
ious to his departure, an affectionate 
and glowing tribute of esteem was 
unanimously dedicated to him. On 
Oct. 4, 1856, he arrived once more 
in his mountain home, and in Decem- 
ber became again a member of the 
Utah Legislature. January 5, 1857, 
he was again elected a regent of the 
University of Deseret. He soon be- 
came immersed in the settlement of 
the estate of his deceased and revered 
uncle Willard. On Monday, April 20, 
1857, he was elected and commis- 
sioned brigadier-general of the sec- 
ond brigade of infantry of the Nau- 
voo Legion. Soon afterwards he 
paid a visit of observation, with other 
dignitaries, to Fort Limhi on Snake 
River. 

When the coming of Johnston's 
army was announced, Brigadier- 
General Richards was called into 
council upon measures for public 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



171 



safety and defense ; and later, was 
engaged with a detachment of men 
from his brigade in giving support to 
Lieut. -General Wells in Echo Canyon. 
He, with other devoted citizens, left 
his valuable property under the 
charge of a trusty friend, who was 
to apply the torch and offer it all as 
a burning sacrifice before it should 
be seized or desecrated by the boast- 
ful invaders. And, after the tragic 
folly of the invasion was brought to 
its proper close, he, with others, re- 
ceived a somewhat unnecessary par- 
don from James Buchanan, Pres- 
ident of the United States. 

On July 21, 1859, he began a 
political tour through southern Utah, 
to advise and arrange for the elec- 
tion of delegate to Congress ; and 
immediately upon his return to G. S. 
L. Cit}' he departed with President 
John Taylor, to meet two companies 
of emigrants — many of whom were 
endeared by old and affectionate as- 
sociations with Apostles Taylor and 
Richards. 

During the years from 1859-1866, 
his labors were multifarious ; he was 
engaged in ecclesiastical, political, 
legislative, military and educational 
works — besides having a large fam- 
ily responsibility and such growing- 
private interests of agriculture and 
mill building as his public duties 
would permit him to inaugurate. He 
was upon three occasions very ill, 
but each time he recuperated and 
renewed his labor with increased 
energy. 

On July 29, 1866, he was once 
more appointed to England, and in 
a fortnight was on his journey. Ar- 
riving in Liverpool on the 1 1th of 
September following, he began the 
welcome and grateful labor of visit- 
ing the principal conferences of the 



European Mission ; including the 
Scandinavian and other Continental 
conferences. 

In Juby, 1867, he was again in- 
stated as President of the European 
Mission. Once more he gathered a 
staff of enthusiastic Elders to his 
support, and in the year following, 
in Great Britain alone, 3,457 souls 
were baptized, and in the same length 
of time, from the same country, 
there were emigrated to Utah more 
than three thousand two hundred 
Saints. 

Always projecting his thoughts into 
the future to find means for advan- 
cing the work of God, he at this time 
decided that emigration by sailing 
vessels was inadequate for the needs 
of the renewed proselyting work in 
Europe. He, therefore, made the 
necessary changes — at that early day 
not inconsiderable — and two large 
companies of Saints were sent out 
from Liverpool by the steamships 
Minnesota and Colorado bound for 
New York. This change from sail- 
ing vessels to steamships has con- 
tinued till the present time. 

This was the last foreign mission 
of Apostle Richards, and his active 
work in the field had a fitting close. 
Eight times he had crossed the 
might}^ deep and four eventful peri- 
ods he \had spent in the ministry 
abroad. His last effort had demon- 
strated that the soil of humanity in 
Europe would still produce rich 
fruits. 

Although his ardor as a missionary 
had not waned, his value as a home 
counselor had increased, and with 
the opening of the following j^ear a 
new epoch was commenced in his 
career. On Eeb. 19, 1869, he was 
elected probate judge of Weber 
County, and from that event Ogden 



172 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



and Weber County ma}- date no 
small share of the worthy progress 
which has made them respectively. 
in importance, the second city and 
county of Utah. 

In May. 1869, Franklin D. Rich- 
ards established his residence in 
Ogden. In all the intervening years 
he has been the presiding ecclesiast- 
ical authority of the Weber Stake of 
Zion. Many of his assistant laborers 
possessed a measure of his own para- 
mount quality of generous lo3 T alt} r to 
the cause, and these men came 
readily to his support in the revival 
work of the home ministry. When 
he reached Ogden to attend his first 
term of court, the town had no news- 
paper ; before a j-ear had passed, he 
established, and for a time edited, 
the Ogden Junction, over which he 
long exercised a guardian care and 
which practically exists to-day under 
the name of the Ogden Daily Herald. 
Schools had been all that the people 
felt they could support, but they 
were still not up to a high grade ; he 
wrote, preached and labored person- 
ally, and with his accustomed success, 
to advance the educational interests 
of the people. The young people, in 
many cases, lacked cultured associa- 
tions and ambition for education and 
refinement ; he organized societies 
which were the heralds, if* not the 
direct progenitors, of the later Mutual 
Improvement Associations which per- 
meate the Territory ; and he origin- 
ated a plan by which the youth of 
Weber County might hear, without 
cost, lectures by the best scientists 
and most talented orators of Utah: 
With the advent of the railway came 
an influx of worldly persons and 
sentiment; he taught the Saints how 
to preserve from this rude aggres- 
sion, their political and moral integ- 



rity, and he showed them by precept 
and example how to make home 
beautiful and home pleasures attrac- 
tive' for the youth. 

He was probate and county judge 
of Weber County continuously from 
March 1, 1869, until Sept. 25, 1883. 
During this period of more than four- 
teen years, hundreds of suits for 
divorce and cases of estates for settle- 
ment were brought before him. In 
no single instance has his decision 
in these matters been reversed by a 
higher tribunal. He adjudicated all 
the land titles in the important city 
of Ogden and the populous towns of 
Huntsville, North Ogden and Plain 
City. No one of these adjudications 
has ever been set aside by any court. 
For the first five years following his 
induction into office, his court had 
original and appellate jurisdiction in 
all common law and chancery cases ; 
before him were tried numerous civil 
suits, habeas corpus cases and trials 
of offenders charged with all crimes 
from misdemeanor to murder. Not 
one single judgment or decree ren- 
dered by him in all this lengthy gen- 
eral judicial service was reversed 
on appeal. His justice and human- 
ity, united with keen legal sense, 
made his name proverbial. 

In his administration of county 
financial affairs he was no less suc- 
cessful, aided by associates of 
shrewdness and integrity. During 
his regime the finest court house in 
Utah was erected in Ogden ; roads 
and bridges innumerable were built; 
the only toll road in the county — 
extending through the magnificent 
Ogden Canyon, was purchased and 
made free ; taxes were kept low, but 
were collected promptly ; the county 
was maintained clear of debt. His 
position carried with it no salary. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



173 



Although Apostle Richards always 
had a mass of business at home, 
he found time to travel and ob- 
serve throughout the Territory- 
He continued, as he had previous- 
ly been, when in Utah, a member 
of the successive legislative as- 
semblies and constitutional conven- 
tions — in which his scholarship, legal 
lore, ancr patriotism made him con- 
spicuous. In 1877 he traveled with 
President Young to organize nearly 
all the Stakes ofZion; and attended 
the dedication of Temple sites and 
Temple buildings. After the death 
of President Young, and especially 
since his own retirement from politi- 
cal life, Franklin has been entirely 
immersed in the councils and labors 
of the Church. At the present trj-ing 
time, his dictation and advice are in 
more than usual demand by the 
Saints. * 

Towards the close of his official 
career Judge Richards became a 
party to one of the most important 
law suits, so far as the public is con- 
cerned, that was ever instituted in 
the Territory. In the summer of 
1882 Congress passed what is known 
as the "Hoar Amendment" which 
authorized the governor of the Terri- 
tory to fill vacancies caused by the 
failure to elect officers at the August 
election, 1882. Under claim of author- 
ity from this act Governor Murray 
appointed some scores of persons to 
fill offices throughout the Territory, 
and among them James N. Kimball 
was appointed to be probate judge 
of Weber County. After demand- 
ing the office from Franklin D. Rich. 
ards, he commenced a mandamus 
suit to compel the relinquishment 
of the "office and records to him. 

* The above sketch is principally com- 
piled from Edward W. Tullidge'a works. 



Franklin denied that there was any 
vacancy in the office because of the 
failure to hold the election and in- 
sisted that he had the right, under 
his commission, to hold the office 
"until his successor was elected and 
qualified." The District Court de- 
cided in favor of Mr. Kimball,' but 
an appeal was taken to the Supreme 
Court of the Territory, where the 
decision of the lower court was af- 
firmed. The case was then taken to 
the Supreme Court of the United 
States, where it rested until the term 
expired for which Mr. Kimball was 
appointed, and until Judge Rich- 
ards' successor was elected and qual- 
ified. This was a test case, and if it 
had not been contested with the 
determination and skill which char- 
acterized the defense, the result 
would have been the displacement of 
all the officers of the Territory by 
the governor's appointees, and the 
"Liberal Party" would have gained 
the political control of the Territory. 
This determined legal contest was a 
fitting close to the successful official 
career of Judge Richards and saved 
the Territory from political bondage. 

GEORGE QUAYLE CANNON, 
Was born on Thursday, Jan. 11, 
1827, in Liverpool, Lancashire, Eng- 
land. His parents, George Cannon 
and Ann Quayle, were natives of 
Peel, on the Isle of Man. 

The Cannon or Cannan family 
came originally from the borders of 
England and Scotland. The earliest 
mention of the name in the parish 
record of Kirk Michael, on the Isle 
of Man, is the burial in 1598, of one 
Marian Cannan. The name is spelled 
on the records both Cannan and Can- 
non, though Cannan appears to be 
the earlier and more common style. 



174 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



The family removed from Scotland 
to the Isle of Man on account of 
political or religious troubles, in 
which they became involved, and 
they had to flee there for refuge. 
Several of the Cannons were en- 
gaged in the wars of that period. 
The name of the place which has 
been owned by the family on the 
Isle of Man for nearly three hundred 
years, and which is still in the pos- 
session of an older branch (the pre- 
sent owner being a cousin of George 
Q.'s grandfather), is Cooilshallagh. 
Train, in his History of the Isle of 
Man, Vol. 1, page 8b, note 2, allud- 
ing to this homestead, says: "Cooil, 
in the Manx language, signifies a 
'hiding-place'" He then men- 
tions Cooilshallagh in Kirk Michael. 
Whether this place received its name 
from the Cannons because of it hav- 
ing proved a "hiding-place" or place 
of refuge for the family, does not 
appear, though it is not improbable. 

George Quayle Cannon was the 
eldest of his parents' children. The 
other children were: Mary Alice 
Cannon, now the wife of Brother 
Charles Lambert, of Salt Lake Cit} r ; 
Anne Cannon, married to Brother 
Orin N. Woodbury, of St. George ; 
Angus M. Cannon ; David H. Can- 
non ; Leonora Cannon, the wife of 
Brother Robert Gardner, of St. 
George ; and Elizabeth Cannon (the 
daughter of his father by a second 
marriage), the wife of Brother Wil- 
liam Piggott of Bloomington. These 
are all alive and in full fellowship 
to-day in the Church. 

Miss Leonora Cannon, his father's 
sister, had a very intimate friend 
who married a gentleman by the 
name of Bacon, a colonel in the 
British army, who had received the 
appointment of Secretary to the gov- 



ernor of Canada. This friend ex- 
acted a promise from her that when 
she married and went to Canada, she 
(Miss Cannon) should accompany 
her on her wedding tour to that 
country. She kept the promise and 
sailed with her friend ; and while in 
Canada, she being a devout Method- 
ist and greatly attached to her relig- 
ion, made the acquaintance of Pres- 
ident John Taylor, who was at that 
time a local preacher in the Method- 
ist Church. This was in the city of 
Toronto. She had fully expected, 
when she left her home, to return 
there ; but in consequence of a dream 
which she had, she felt convinced 
that it was her duty to accept the 
offer of marriage, which she had re- 
ceived from President John Taylor, 
and remain in Canada. 

Some time after their marriage, 
Elder Parley P. Pratt visited Toronto, 
having been drawn there by the 
prayers of a number of persons who 
were diligently seeking for the truth, 
among whom President Taylor was 
very prominent. They felt that 
Methodism was not strictly in ac- 
cordance with the Scriptures, and 
that there were many blessings and 
gifts which God had given to His 
church in ancient days, of which 
their church was destitute. They 
met together often, examined the 
Scriptures with great earnestness and 
care, and prayed ferventty for ad- 
ditional light, and that, if there was 
a church on the earth which pos- 
sessed these heavenly powers and 
gifts, they might be made acquainted 
with it. Elder Pratt's arrival in the 
city of Toronto in the suntmer of 
1836 created some excitement. A 
few of this baud of seekets after 
truth received his testimony and were 
baptized into the Church ; among 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



175 



them President John Taylor and his 
wife. 

The history of the events connect- 
ed with President Taylor's espousal 
of the truth are related in his own 
biography. Suffice it to say, that 
after his wife received the Gospel, 
she was convinced in her own mind 
that her brother George would re- 
ceive it also; for when she had, pre-- 
vious to her departure for Canada, 
reasoned with him and urged him to 
espouse religion, that his soul might 
be saved, he' had, on one occasion, 
remarked to her that her religion 
could not satisfy him ; that it was 
not according to the Bible, which he 
could prove to her. "But," con- 
tinued he, "of what use is it for me 
to unsettle 3^011 in your faith ; it gives 
you joy and satisfaction, and I can- 
not offer you anything better ; but it' 
would not satisfy me." 

From this and other conversations 
which they had had, she was con- 
vinced that he was only waiting for 
the true Gospel to be preached to 
receive it gladly. When her hus- 
band, therefore, with the other breth- 
ren of the Twelve Apostles, took 
their mission to England in 1840, he 
repaired, upon his landing at Liver- 
pool, to the house of his brother-in- 
law, George Cannon. The latter was 
not at home at the time, and after 
conversing with his wife, he (Pres. 
Taylor) returned to the vessel. After 
he went cut of the house, George 
Q.'s mother remarked to him, he 
being then a child of twelve years 
of age, "Your uncle is a man of 
God." As soon as he preached the 
GospeH therefore, to the family she 
was ready to be baptized, knowing 
for herself, as she said, that the 
principles which he taught were the 
true Gospel of the Son of God. Her 



husband, George Cannon, the father 
of George Q. , read the Book of Mor- 
mon through carefully twice before 
his baptism, and on laying it down 
after finishing it the second time, he 
remarked, "No wicked man could 
write such a book as this ; and no 
good man would write it, unless it 
were true and he were commanded 
of God to do so." They joined the 
Church, and three of their children 
who were old enough to enter the 
Church, were baptized some months 
afterwards (June 18, 1840..) 

Upon hearing the doctrines of the 
Church taught by his uncle and his 
fellow-laborer, Elder Joseph Field- 
ing, George Q., though so young, 
drank them in eagerly. He believed 
every word they said, and his joy 
was unbounded ; for he had been a 
close reader of the Bible, and had 
asked his father why it was that the 
ancient gifts and blessings of 'the 
Gospel were not manifested in these 
dajs as they were anciently. More 
than once he had wept because it 
had not been his privilege to live in 
the days of the Savior and His Apos- 
tles and witness the mighty w r orks 
which they performed. His grat- 
itude to the Lord, therefore, was 
great when he learned that once 
more, and in his own days, the Gos- 
pel had been restored to the earth 
in the plenitude of its power, and 
that the everlasting Priesthood had 
been again given to man to admin- 
ister its ordinances. 

Long before his marriage, the 
father of the family had a dream 
concerning the death of his wife, and 
when emigration was talked about, 
they both seemed to be aware that 
she would not live to reach Zion. 
Her relatives remonstrated with her 
for going with the Saints, but in 



176 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



reply she said to them, that though 
she knew she never would live to 
reach the body of the Church, she 
was determined to undertake the 
journey for the salve of her children, 
and she never shrank at the prospect 
before her. The manifestation that 
they had received proved to be true. 
They started for Zion, sailing from 
Liverpool in the ship Sidney, Sept.17, 
1842, but she died and was buried 
in the ocean. 

The family continnued their jour- 
ney until they reached Nauvoo. The 
day after their arrival there was a large 
gathering of people at the steamboat 
landing to meet a company of Saints 
who had arrived from St. Louis. 
Among them were the Prophet Jo- 
seph, his brother Hyrum, the Patri- 
arch, and a number of other leading 
men who had gone there to welcome 
the people. Though no one had 
pointed the Prophet out to George 
Q. , and he had never seen a portrait 
of him, he knew him instantly. It 
seemed to him as if he had always, 
been acquainted with him, and that 
he would have known him to be the 
Prophet Joseph anywhere in the 
world. On August 19, 1844, George 
Q. and his brothers and sisters were 
bereft of their father, who died at 
St. Louis while there on a short visit 
from Nauvoo. 

At that time President Taylor was 
editor and publisher of the Times 
and Reasons and the Nauvoo Neigh- 
bor. George Q. Cannon learned the 
printing business in his office, having 
gone to live with him shortly after 
the arrival of the family at Nauvoo. 
From that time until October, 1849, 
he was a member of the household 
of President Taylor. He was or- 
dained an Elder, under the hands of 
President Taylor, Feb. 9, 1845, and 



on the same day was ordained a 
Seventy and became a member of 
the 19th Quorum of Seventies. He 
acted in the capacity of clerk to that 
quorum for several years. 

In 1846 he traveled with the main 
body of the Saints from Nauvoo to 
Winter Quarters, and from Winter 
Quarters to Great Salt Lake Valley 
in the summer of 1847, arriving in 
the valley on the 3rd of October of 
that year. 

During the two following years he 
was occupied in all the labors in- 
cident to the founding of Great Salt 
Lake City, and in the fall of 1849, 
with a number of other brethren, was 
called to go to California, under the 
direction of Brother Charles C. Rich. 
After a hazardous journey, during 
which they attempted to reach Cal- 
ifornia by way of a "cut off" that 
added greatly to the dangers and 
duration of the trip, the company 
reached Lower California in a starv- 
ing condition. During the remainder 
of 1849 and the greater part of 1850 
he was in various parts of California, 
which had not then become a State. 
In the latter part of the summer of 
1850 he was called, in company with 
nine others, to go on a mission to 
the Sandwich Islands. Elder Hiram 
Clark was appointed to preside. 
Apostle Charles C. Rich, before leav- 
ing for home, set them all apart, and 
they landed on the Sandwich Islauds, 
Dec. 12, 1850. Though they were 
sent to preach to the whites, the 
Elders soon saw that but little could 
be done among this class on the Is- 
lands. The majority of the Elders 
were in favor of returning without 
attempting to teach the natives ; but 
Brother George Q., seeing himself 
surrounded by a whole nation which 
was ignorant of the principles of the 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



177 



Gospel and who ought to be taught 
the message of salvation which God 
had empowered them to carry, was 
so powerfully impressed with the 
feeling that he ought to stay and 
warn the nation, that he declared 
that if all should leave, he would, 
though the youngest of the party, 
remain and learn the language and 
do his duty as an Elder to that 
people, even if he did not baptize 
a soul. Consequently he, together 
with Elders Henry W. Bigler, James 
Keeler, William Farrer and James 
Hawkins, remained, acquired the 
language, and were the means in the 
hands of God of bringing large num- 
bers to the knowledge of the truth. 
The subject of our sketch acquired 
the lauguage with great ease, and 
was soon able to preach and baptize, 
and organize branches. He also 
translated the Book of Mormon into 
the Hawaiian language ; and when he 
and his fellow-laborers with whom 
he had gone, left the Islands, there 
were upward of four thousand mem- 
bers in the Church. They sailed 
from the Islands for San Francisco 
July 2'J, 1854. 

Elder Cannon remained in San 
Francisco about six weeks helping 
Brother Parle}- P. Pratt on his bio- 
graphy, and then repaired to San 
Bernardino, and from there traveled, 
in compan}' with Elder Charles C. 
Rich, to Great Salt Lake City, where 
he arrived November 28, 1854. 

Before returning from the Islands, 
he was chosen to be one of the Pres- 
idents of the 30th Quorum of Seven- 
ties, and upon his arrival at Great 
Salt Lake City was ordained to that 
position. 

He was soon afterwards notified to 
prepare for another mission to the 
Islands, as the Elders there desired 



him to return and take charge of the 
press which he and they had pur- 
chased, and which had arrived after 
his departure. Subsequently, how- 
ever, the press and printing materi- 
als, with the stock of paper sent with 
it, were forwarded to Elder Parley 
P. Pratt, at San Francisco, and he 
wrote to the First Presidency desir- 
ing the return of Elder Cannon to 
California to assist him in the pub- 
lication of a paper ; the prospectus 
of which he had issued. 

On May 10, 1855, Elder Geo. Q. 
Cannon left Great Salt Lake City, 
accompanied by his wife and two 
missionaries — Elders Jos. Bull and 
Matthew F. AVilkie — having been ap- 
pointed to publish the Book of Mor- 
mon in the Hawaiian language and 
to assist Elder Parley P. Pratt in 
the publication of a paper. Elder 
Orson Hyde, who was appointed at 
the same time to establish a settle- 
ment at Carson Valley and to labor 
in California, had also been in- 
structed to assist in this work. 

Upon Brother Cannon's arrival at 
San Francisco, he found that Elder 
Parley P. Pratt had started on his 
return home. He followed him to 
the place appointed for the camp to 
start from, and had an interview with 
him, and was by him set apart to 
preside over the mission in Califor- 
nia and Oregon. The difficulties 
which he had to contend with in 
establishing an office in San Fran- 
cisco, in printing the Book of Mor- 
mon, and afterwards in the publica- 
tion of the Western Standard, form 
a very interesting chapter of history. 

It required great energj- and the 
exercise of much faith and perse- 
verance to accomplish the work en- 
trusted to them ; but the mission was 
a successful one. The translation 



J 78 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



of the Book of Mormon into the 
Hawaiian language had demanded 
mucli care. Elder Cannon could get 
no aid from white men in this labor ; 
but he had the assistance of several 
of the natives, who were pretty well 
educated in their own language. He 
read his translation to them as it 
progressed, and conversed with them 
upon the principles to see if they 
obtained the same idea from the 
translation that the English edition 
gave to its readers. In this way he 
went through the whole book very 
carefully while the work of trans- 
lation was going on. After the work 
was completed, he went through it 
again with a number of the best 
educated and most intelligent natives 
he could meet, all of whom were 
members of the Church. He after- 
wards examined the translation care- 
fully with the aid of Brother William 
Earrer and a native who belonged to 
the Church, who was credited with 
being the best master of the Hawaiian 
language in the kingdom. In print- 
ing the book, he had no one to help 
him read the proofs, as Brothers Jo- 
seph Bull and M. E. Wilkie, who set 
the type, could not' understand the 
language, though they acquired re- 
markable facility before the work 
was finished in reading the man- 
uscript and setting the type. His 
method of reading the proofs was to 
have his wife read from the English 
Book of Mormon, while he read the 
proofs in Hawaiian, and, from his 
familiarity with the language, lie 
was able to correct the proofs. The 
entire translation thus underwent 
three revisions, in addition to the 
first reading and examination. The 
book was printed and bound and sent 
to the Islands ; the Western Standard 
was published, and did creditable 



work in defending and advocating 
the principles of the Gospel. 

When the news of the march of 
Buchanan's array and the attitude 
assumed by Gov. Brigham Young 
and the Saints in regard thereto 
reached Calfornia, it created great 
excitement ; and as it was thought 
that perhaps evil would befall the 
army, it was strongby advocated in 
one or two of the leading journals 
that George Q. Cannon should be 
seized and held as a hostage for the 
safety of the ollicers of the army. 
All this talk, however, was confined 
to the newspapers. Before matters 
had progressed that far, he thought 
it wise under the circumstances to 
send his wife and child home with 
those who were leaving for Utah and 
in charge of his brother David, who 
had joined him on a mission in Cal- 
ifornia. He remained to attend to 
affairs there until Elders Orson Pratt, 
Ezra T. Benson, John A. Ray, John 
M. Kay, William Miller and John 
Scott came to San Erancisco from 
England, on their way to the valley. 
Under the counsel of the two Apos- 
tles he wound up his business and 
arranged the affairs of the mission 
to the best possible advantage, and 
left with them for Great Salt Lake 
City, by way of San Bernardino. 
He reached the city -Jan. 1 ( J, 1858. 

On the night of his arrival home 
he was appointed adjutant in the 
standing army that was being organ- 
ized for defence, and from that time 
until the move southward was de- 
cided upon the ensuing spring, he 
was busily engaged in organizing and 
arranging for service. After the deci- 
sion was reached that GreatSalt Lake 
City and the settlements north should 
be abandoned wiih the view to their 
being burned, President Young ap- 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



179 



pointed Brother George Q. Cannon 
to take the Deseret News press and a 
portion of its material, with a few 
printers and move to Fillmore, where 
the President wished that paper to 
be issued in reduced size. He reached 
Fillmore in April, and from that 
time until the succeeding September 
published the paper there. 

On his return from Fillmore with 
his family, he was met at Payson, 
Utah Co., on Monday, Sept. , 1858, 
by a messenger from Pres. Young, 
who bore a note to him, in which it 
was stated that he had been appoint- 
ed a mission to the Eastern States, 
and that a compan}^ of brethren were 
waiting for him who expected to start 
the next day. As the note was 
dated on Sunday, and the next day 
was the day that he received the mes- 
sage, he saw that there was no time 
to be lost. He had just stopped for 
dinner at the house of Brother Wm. 
B. Preston, who was then residing 
in Payson. In three quarters of an 
hour after receiving the message he 
was ready for his mission, and left 
his family on the road side, in the 
care of his brother David, who was 
but a youth, and to the tender mer- 
cies of his Heavenly Father. He 
had no home in Great Salt Lake City 
or anywhere else, but he felt that 
the same kind Providence which had 
blessed him thus far in his life, 
would still care for his loved ones, 
if he manifested willingness to do 
his duty. Probably this was as short 
a notice as any Elder in the Church 
ever received for a mission of such 
duration. He reached Salt Great 
Lake City the next morning before 
daylight, and after receiving his in- 
structions, started the same day for 
the States, and was gone only a few 
days short of two years. 



This mission was of a semi-politi- 
cal character. At the time that 
Buchanan's army had been sent to 
Utah the whole country had been 
flooded with misrepresentations and 
falsehoods concerning Utah and its. 
condition. These falsehoods had 
furnished the administration with a 
basis for its action in sending the 
army. It had been charged that the 
court records and the territorial li- 
brary had been destroyed, that the 
lives of the federal judges had been 
threatened and endangered, and that 
Utah was in a state of rebellion. The 
whole affair had been ingeniously 
and artfully worked up by persons 
who were interested in creating hos- 
tility between the general govern- 
ment and the people of Utah. Be- 
sides the politicians, the contractors 
were deeply interested in the scheme, 
and it became literally a contractors' 
war ; for the government made the 
most extravagant contracts for trans- 
portation, etc., with various parties 
who in many instances had contrib- 
uted to create the prejudice against 
the people of Utah, and who were in 
this way profiting by their villainous 
schemes. When the peace commis- 
sioners, sent by President Buchanan, 
came to Utah, they found how base- 
less the stories were which had ob- 
tained currency in the country. Gov- 
ernor Gumming had already informed 
the goverment that the court records 
and territorial library were intact, 
and that he had found upon his ar- 
rival here that the government had 
been grossly deceived. These rep- 
resentations had been made and 
authenticated, but scarcely a word 
had been permitted to leak out to 
give the public a true knowl- 
edge of the situation. The feel- 
ing in the United States was very 



180 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



geperal that Utah had actually been 
in rebellion, and that the "Mormons" 
merited severe punishment. 

It was to help 'correct these false- 
hoods that Brother George Q. was 
, sent to the States. By means of in- 
fluential friends, especially the late 
General Thomas L. Kane, he secured 
excellent letters of introduction to 
leading editors and to prominent 
senators and members of Congress," 
and labored assiduously to bring a 
true knowledge of the condition of 
affairs to public men generally. B} t 
this means much ignorance which 
existed concerning Utah and her 
people was removed, and many false- 
hoods were corrected. 

Besides attending to this business, 
he had been appointed to take charge 
of the branches of the Church in the 
East, and in 1859 and 1860 he acted 
as agent of the emigration at New 
York. He also purchased oxen, wag- 
ons and provisions for the people at 
the frontiers and organized them into 
companies to cross the plains. In 
this labor at Florence the first year 
(1859) he worked with the late Elder 
Joseph W. Young, being assisted 
also by the experienced supervision 
of President Horace 8. Eldredge. 

While on that mission he received 
notification from the First Presidency 
and the Twelve Apostles that he had 
been chosen to fill the place made 
vacant in the Quorum of the Twelve 
Apostles by the death of Elder Parley 
P. Prartt. He was selected to this 
office Oct. 23, 1859, and his ordina- 
tion took place, after his return from 
his mission, Aug. 26, 1860. 

Six weeks after his return he 
started on another mission, being 
appointed together with Elders Chas. 
C. Rich and Amasa M. Lyman (who 
had preceeded him to Liverpool) to 



preside over the European Mission. 
The duties assigned him by the First 
Presidency were to take charge of 
the Millennial Star and the publish- 
ing business connected therewith, 
and also of the business of the emi- 
gration. He reached Liverpool on 
the night of Dec. 21, 1860. Soon 
after his arrival he established a 
Church printing office, the printing 
for the Church up to that time hav- 
ing been done by contract with other 
offices. 

These three Apostles presided over 
the European Mission until May 14, 
1862, when Elders Ama-a M. Lyman 
and Charles C. Rich returned home, 
and Elder George Q. Cannon re- 
paired to Washington, D. C. , to 
which place he had been called by a 
dispatch from home which informed 
him that he and Hon. W. H. Hooper 
had been elected United States Sen- 
ators, and that he was to join Brother 
Hooper at Washington and endeavor 
to get the Territory admitted into 
the Union as a State. They labored 
faithfully in this direction until the 
adjournment of Congress; after which 
Brother George Q. returned again to 
England, reaching there July 20, 
1862 ; and from that time until his re- 
turn home in 1864, he presided over 
the European Mission, visiting twice 
the branches of the Church in Scan- 
dinavia, Germany, Holland, Switzer- 
land and France. During the four 
years he was on this mission and in 
charge of the emigration business, 
there were upwards of thirteen thou- 
sand Saints shipped from Liverpool 
for Zion, and it was a cause of 
pleasure to all engaged in the work 
at that time to know that more souls 
had joined the Church during the 
same period than had emigrated. 

In company with Elder John W. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



181 



Young he sailed from Liverpool Aug. 
27, 1861, but they were detained in 
New York and at Atchison by an In- 
dian war, in which the settlements on 
the frontiers and many of the stage 
stations were destro3'ed. They went 
through by the first stage after the 
interruption and incurred consider- 
able risk in making the journey ; but 
they were anxious to reach home by 
conference, which pleasure, however, 
was denied them, as it was on the 
12th of October, 1864, that they ar- 
rived in Great Salt Lake City. 

His return from this mission was 
almost fifteen years to a day from 
the time of his departure in 1849 on 
his first mission. During these fifteen 
years he had been constantly away 
from Great Salt Lake City on mis- 
sions with the exception of about nine 
months. 

Upon his arrival home at this time 
President Brigham Young desired 
him to be his private secretary. He 
acted in this capacity for the three 
succeeding years. 

The comparatively barren results 
of the labors of the Elders abroad in 
• the missionary field had drawn his 
attention to the vast field of useful- 
ness open and only imperfectly oc- 
cupied at home. Thousands of chil- 
dren were growing up, whose op- 
portunities for becoming acquainted 
with the doctrines and history of the 
Church were too meagre. During 
the winter after his return from 
Europe (1864-65) he organized and 
taught a Sundaj' School in the 14th 
Ward of Great Salt Lake City. In 
Jan., 1866, he commenced the pub- 
lication of the Juvenile Instructor, 
designed expressly for the education 
and elevation of ijie young. This 
periodical has how entered upon the 
twenty-second year of its publication, 



and has been of great value in giv- 
ing to the children and youth of Zion 
a knowledge of the principles of the 
Gospel and of the historical events 
connected with the establishment of 
this great latter-day dispensation. 
From the organization of the Sunday 
School Union up to the present he 
has held the position of Superintend- 
ent of Sunday Schools. 

In the fall of 1867, by the appoint- 
ment of President B. Young, he took 
charge of the Deseret News and issued 
a daily edition, this being the com- 
mencement of the Deseret Evening 
News. For a number of }ears he 
continued to occupy the position of 
editor and publisher of the Deseret 
News, traveling, as circumstances 
would permit, with the First Pres- 
idencj" and the Twelve, during the 
summer months through the various 
settlements and holding meetings 
with them, as was the custom in 
those days, every year. 

During the fall of 1871 a great 
many articles appeared in various 
papers on the subject of admitting 
Utah into the Union as a State, on 
the condition that the Latter- day 
Saints relinquish their practice of 
plural marriage. So much was said 
in favor of, and so little said in op- 
position to, this method of dealing 
with the question, that Presidents 
Brigham Young and Geo. A. Smith, 
who were then at St. George, felt 
that there was danger of the Latter- 
day Saints being put in a false posi- 
tion, and they telegraphed Brother 
George Q. Cannon to proceed at once 
to "Washington, D. C, and define the 
true position of the Saints on this im- 
portant point. He remained in Wash- 
ington until Congress adjourned for 
the holidays, when he returned to 
Utah. 



182 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



A constitutional convention met 
early in the following February 
(1872), and he was elected a member 
and helped to frame the constitution 
which was then adopted. Together 
with Hon. Thomas Fitch and Hon. 
Frank Fuller, he was chosen a dele- 
gate to present the constitution to 
Congress and work for Utah's ad- 
mission as a State. With them he 
proceeded to Washington, and re- 
mained there with Delegate Hooper, 
until the adjournment of that session. 

Upon Brother Hooper declining to 
be again nominated for delegate, 
George Q. Cannon was nominated 
and elected in August, 1872. He 
spent the next winter with Dele- 
gate Hooper, at Washington. At 
four successive elections he carried 
the Territory as delegate to Congress 
by a very heavy majority in his 
favor. Neither the history of the 
part he took in Congress during his 
terms of office, and the success of 
his efforts and labors in that capa- 
city, nor the history of the conspir- 
acy, which was entered into to prevent 
him, at his last election, from taking 
his seat because of his domestic re- 
lations, can be given in this sketch. 
These proceedings form an import- 
ant chapter in the history of the 
Latter-day Saints, and, wlien com- 
piled, will prove interesting reading. 

To the chagrin of a great many 
enemies, and to the surprise of many 
of the Latter-day Saints, he obtained 
his seat when first elected, though a 
most determined effort was made to 
prevent this. It was only by Gov- 
ernor Murray breaking his official 
oath, and being guilty of an infam- 
ous abuse of the authority of his 
position, that he was refused his 
certificate of election in 1881. Though 
George Q. Cannon had been elected 



by a vote of 18,oG8 — a majority of 
17,211 votes over his competitor — 
this man Murray, determined to, 
bring matters to an issue by refus- 
ing to give him the certificate of elec- 
tion, but which he gave to his op- 
ponent, who had only received 1,357 
out of 19,925 votes. But the in- 
strument whom these conspirators 
^sed — for Murray was not alone in 
this conspiracy against the rights of 
the people — did not have the satis- 
faction of getting his seat. Congress 
was not prepared to readily join in 
a scheme of villainy of this trans- 
parent character, though there were 
many public men wh^ hated the 
"Mormons" sufficient* to take ad- 
vantage of the opportunity which 
Murray's perfidy offered to them. 

It was not, however, until the Ed- 
munds bill had passed and become 
law — March 22, 1882 — that Congress 
took action on the case. It is prob- 
able that a majority of the House 
could not have been secured in favor 
of denying George Q. Cannon his 
seat had not the Edmunds bill been 
passed ; and this was rushed through 
with unceremonious and indecent' 
haste, and by wilfully and flagrantly 
trampling upon the rules of the 
House, in order to furnish members 
who had scruples respecting this 
transaction with a justifiable basis 
of action in voting against the meas- 
ure. On April 19, 1882, the case 
came before the Hqjise and was de- 
cided against the duly elected dele- 
gate taking his seat, by a vote of 123 
against 79. Before, however, taking 
his departure from the place where 
he had labored for so man}' years, 
he had the opportunity of delivering 
a speech in vindication of his own 
case and that of the people, whom he 
represented. The position he was 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



183 



in on this occation was somewhat 
trying. As the vote had not been 
taken upon his case, numerous 
friends, who intended to vote for 
him, begged him not to say anything, 
as the}' were afraid that in the dis- 
cussion of this phase of religion — 
plural marriage — something might 
be said by him that would place 
them in an awkward position before 
the country and with their constit- 
uents. They thought that silence on 
his part would be the better course 
and would leave his friends in a bet- 
ter position. He felt, however, that 
he owed a duty to his people, and 
that he could not consistently with 
that duty hold his tongue, when an 
opportunity of this character was 
offered — the only opportunity which 
he would have. The delicacy of the 
position can easily be understood : 
he had to do his duty to his constit- 
uents, and at the same time not com- 
promise his political friends. He suc- 
ceeded in satisfying both his friends 
at home and in Washington. 

President Brigham Young died 
Aug. 29, 1877. He had made his 
will in 1873, and had sent his son 
Brigham and Elder George Q. Can- 
non east to get a form of will that 
would be suitable to his circumstan- 
ces and family relations. This will 
was adopted by him, and under his 
direction, Brother George Q. Cannon 
prepared it and was made the prin- 
cipal executor, Brigham Young, jun,, 
and Albert Carrington being the 
co-executors. The settlement of this 
estate during 1878 and 1879 en- 
grossed nearl}- his entire time when 
he was not in Washington. 

In 1879 a suit was commenced by 
some few dissatisfied heirs against 
the Church and against the execu- 
tors. The executors were under 



$300,000 bonds, but Judge Boreman 
was determined to place them under 
additional bonds and so decided. 
This they refused to comply with, 
thinking tbe bonds they had already 
given sufficient for all purposes, and 
they were adjudged by him guilty of 
contempt and ordered to the pen- 
itentiary. '.They accepted the alter- 
native and went to the penitentiary, 
Aug. 4, 1879, and remainec 1 there 
upwards of three weeks, when they 
were released by action of Chief 
Justice Hunter, who had been re- 
cently appointed chief justice of the 
Territory. Shortly afterwards the 
suit was settled, and the settlement 
of the estate was proceeded with. 
Probabl} r no estate in America had 
ever presented so many difficulties 
in the settlement as this had, be- 
cause of the various interests in- 
volved and the number of heirs to 
be settled with. 

In October, 1880, it was decided 
by the council of the Apostles, after 
due deliberation, to reorganize the 
First Presidenc}'. President John 
Taylor was elected President of 
the Church, with George Q. Cannon 
as his first, and Joseph F. Smith as 
his second Counselor. From that 
time until the present, George Q. 
Cannon has continued to act in that 
capacity. 

Pres. Canuon has also served in the 
Utah Legislature and acted as Chan- 
cellor of the University of Deseret. 

JOSEPH FIELDING SMITH, 
A son of Hyrum Smith and Mary 
Fielding, was born Nov. 13, 1838, in 
Far West, Caldwell County, Missouri. 
He was driven out of Nauvoo with 
his widowed mother and' her fainity, 
in the summer of 1846, and drove 
an ox team most of the way from the 



184 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



I 



Mississippi to the Missouri River, 
reaching Winter Quarters towards 
the autumn of that year. 

"During the family sojourn at 
this place, Joseph F. was occupied 
as a 'herd boy,' having charge of 
the stock belonging to his mother 
and his uncle Joseph Fielding. He 
came to Utah in 1848, arriving in 
Great Salt Lake Valley Sept. 22nd. He 
drove an ox team across the plains, 
yoking, unyoking and hitching up 
his own team, and did a man's duty 
in the camp, except standing night- 
guard, although he was only about 
nine years of age. He writes: 

"My principal occupation from 
1848 to 1854 was that of a herd-boy, 
although I made 'a hand' always in 
the harvest-field and at threshings, 
and in the canyons cutting and haul- 
ing wood. Though I had the prin- 
cipal care of the family stock, as 
herd-boy, from 1846 to 1854. I 
cannot recall the loss of a single 
' hoof ' by death, stray'ing away or 
otherwise, from neglect or careless- 
ness on my part during that period. 
Wolves were very numerous, and of 
the large kind, during much of this 
time, and occasionally they would at- 
tack our sheep in the corral at night ; 
more than once thej^ captured one or 
two : a fine colt was killed by them 
one night almost within a stone' s- 
throw from our home near Canyon 
Creek (the old Sugar House Ward), 
and another, the same night, severely 
bitten and wounded. These were 
the full extent of our losses of stock, 
within my remembrance, except death 
by old age and starvation, during 
the winter at Winter Quarters and 
on the plains. 

"My mother died Sept. 21, 1852, 
aged 51 years and 2 months, and in 
April, 1854, I was called to take a 
mission to the Sandwich Islands. I 
received my endowments in the old 
Council House, and was set apart 
at the same place under the hands 
of Parley P. Pratt) and Orson Hyde. 
Parley being mouth. He declared 



that I should obtain a knowledge of 
the Hawaiian language ' by the gift 
of God, as well as by study.' Up to 
this time my schooling had been ex- 
tremely limited. My^ mother taught 
me to read and write, by the camp 
fires, and subsequently by the greater 
luxury of the primeval tallow-candle 
in the covered wagon and the old 
log cabin, 10 x 12 feet in size, where 
first the soles of our feet found rest, 
after the weary months of travel 
across the plains. When I say, there- 
fore, that within four months after 
my arrival on the Sandwich Islands — 
two weeks of which time, were con- 
sumed by the most severe sickness I 
had ever known — I was prepared to 
enter upon the duties of my ministry, 
and did so with a native companion, 
with whom I made a tour of the Is- 
land of Maui, visiting, holding meet- 
ings, preaching, baptizing, confirm- 
ing, blessing children, administering 
the sacrament, etc , etc., all in the 
Hawaiian language, it may be in- 
ferred that Parley's promise upon my 
head was literally fulfilled. 

"I left my mountain home on this 
mission May 27, 1854, in company 
with a number of other missionaries 
destined for the Islands, I being 
the yoifngest of the company, only 
15 years of age. We journeyed 
through the southern settlements of 
Utah, in company with Prests. Brig- 
ham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Daniel 
H. AVells and a large party who were 
on a tour of the South, to Harmony, 
then the most southern settlement in 
Utah. At Cedar City, our little band 
of missionaries, with Apostle Parley 
P. Pratt at our head, separated from 
the Presidency and party, and com- 
menced our journey in earnest across 
the southern deserts to California. 
Our journey in the main was a very 
prosperous one. We found the 
Pah-utes, a very low r and degraded 
tribe of Indians, quite numerous 
along the Santa Clara and Rio Vir- 
gin, and as far south as the Moun- 
tain Springs. They would follow us 
for days together, and gather around 
our camp at night in considerable 
numbers, all hungry and some almost 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



185 



famishing for food. We had no 
alternative but to share our provis- 
ions with them, which we did with 
as much economy as possible, in 
order to keep them friendly towards 
us, until we passed beyond the limits 
of their country. The result was 
that during the last few days of our 
journey we were compelled to sub- 
sist upon very short rations, con- 
suming the last crumb of our sup- 
plies on the morning of the day that 
we reached the Cajon Pass, and 
thence to San Bernardino. Here we 
met with warm friends who made us 
welcome to the best they had. We 
made a halt at this place for several 
weeks ; Apostle Pratt proceeded for- 
ward by steamer to San Francisco. 

"During the sojourn of the com- 
pany at San Bernardino I found em- 
ployment in the mountains in the 
service of a member of the Church, 
in the manufacture of cut shingles, 
first steaming the wood. 

' 'At San Bernardino we met a com- 
pany of Australian Saints, immigrat- 
ing to Utah under the guidance of 
Elder William Hj'de, to whom we 
disposed of most of our animals and 
out-fits for monejr. This, together 
with what we had earned, paid our 
expenses to the Islands. 

"Sometime in July a number of 
friends provided us with teams to 
convey us to San Pedro, about ninety 
miles distant, via El Monte and Los 
Angeles. 

"At San Pedro we took steamer to 
San Francisco, making the passage 
in three days. Here we met Apos- 
tle Parley P. Pratt, who had, in con- 
nection with Nathan Tanner and 
others, arranged for the purchase of 
the Brig Moslin, with the view of 
plying her in some kind of trade 
between the coast and the Islands. 
Our company of missionaries were 
detailed to commence work on the 
vessel, to put her in repair and fit 
her up for sea, it being designed that 
we should play the roll of seamen 
on our voyage to our field of labor. 
A requisition was made upon the 
Elders for what money they pos- 
sessed, which was freely turned over 



to Brother Parley, towards making 
payment on the purchase of the 
vessel. A number of the brethren 
continued to labor upon the old Brig 
Moslin, while a few sought employ- 
ment in the harvest-field across the 
bay, and otherwise, until the project 
of entering into the Marine commer- 
cial business with the old Moslin was 
abandoned, our money returned to 
us, and passage for the greater num- 
ber of our party secured on board 
the clipper Vaquero for Honolulu. 
Special arrangements had been made, 
the cabin being full, and there being 
no steerage accommodations, for us 
to occupy a portion of the fore- 
castle, in connection with the sailors 
— a somewhat rough, profane and 
reckless crew — but not more so than 
the commander of the vessel. It was 
an} 7 thing but an agreeable or aspir- 
ing position for us to occupy. 

"On our embarkation, bets were 
freely made between the captain and 
others, respecting the time that 
would be required for the voyage, 
the captain being sanguine that he 
would make it in about eight days. 
But in this he was sadly disappoint- 
ed and greatly enraged. No sooner 
had we passed be} r ond the Golden 
Gate, than we were becalmed, and 
there we lay tossing upon the dead 
swells in full 'sight of theGate, scarce- • 
ly moving for two days. Sail after 
sail was spread to the baffling breeze, 
until every piece of canvass possible 
was hoisted, but to little purpose, 
until at length a breeze sprang up 
aud continued to grow stronger and 
stronger until the mates suggested 
the propriety of reducing sail; but 
the captain, with fearful oaths, swore 
that not a rag should be taken in 
until it blew down, and he was about 
as good as his oath, for, not long 
after, a spar, which stayed a large 
square sail, stretched across the 
forecastle, broke under the heavy 
pressure of the wind, and the sail 
had to be hauled in. In this manner 
sail after sail gave way, and was 
then gathered in, until only the main 
sails of the vessel remained, and 
with these we seemed almost to fly 



186 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



through the mighty deep, like a bird. 
The Vaquero was a rakish, suspi- 
cious looking craft, and it was more 
than once hinted by the sailors that 
she was not built for lawful purposes. 
Suffice it to sa} r ,the captain had sev- 
eral sums of money at stake in bets 
that he would reach Honolulu in 
eight daj'S, and win he would, if can- 
vass and favoring gales would lend 
their auspicious aid. But calm suc- 
ceeded calm, and so we loitered on 
our course, at length casting anchor 
in the harbor of Honolulu, on Sept. 
27, 1854. As nearly as I remember, 
we were about twenty-seven days 
making the voyage, our captain be- 
ing then a somewhat wiser, if not a 
better man. We rejoiced to see and 
set our feet once more on land and 
gladly bade adieu to the Vaquero 
and her forecastle, with all their 
i charms never to behold them, or 
their like, again. 

"The names of the Elders who 
crossed in the Vaqvero, are as fol- 
lows: Silas Smith, Silas S. Smith, 
Simpson M. Molen, Jos. F. Smith, 
Geo. Spiers. Ward E. Pack, William 
W. Cluff, Eli Bell, John R. Young 
and Sextus E. Johnson. 

"Nine others of the company ar- 
rived at various times subsequently. 
Their names are as follows: Henry 
r P. Richards, Washington B. Rogers, 
John T. Caine, Orson K. Whitney, 
John A. West, Jas. A. Peck, Ed- 
ward Partridge, Smith B. Thurston 
and Wm. King. 

"We remained a few days in Hono- 
lulu and were in the meantime being 
set apart for our several fields of 
labor. My lot fell to the island of 
Maui, in .company with my cousin 
Silas Smith, and Elders S. B. Thurs- 
ton and Wm. B. Rogers. On my 
way to Maui, qn board a small 
schooner, I was attacked with a 
severe fever, which clung to me for 
over two weeks, during which time 
I was attended by Sister Mary J. 
Hammond with all the kindness a 
mother could show to her son, for 
which, and for many subsequent acts 
of kindness, she ever held a warm, 
grateful place in my memory. She 



was a noble, good woman, and the 
only Utah woman then upon the Is- 
lands. She accompanied her hus- 
band, Elder F. A. Hammond, to the 
Islands in 1851, and he was at the 
time of our arrival presiding over 
the Maui Conference. 

"As soon as I recovered from my 
sickness, I was assigned to Kula, 
(the place where Brother Geo. Q. 
Cannon first opened the door of the 
Gospel to this poor Hawaiian race), 
to study the language, a portion of 
my time being spent at Wailuku. 
Some two weeks or more having been 
lost to study, through my sickness, 
I found myself a little behind some 
of my companions in that direction. 
But remembering , Apostle Pratt's 
promise to me, I set to work with all 
my might, prayerfully seeking the 
fulfillment of his words. For a little 
over two months I applied myself to 
the study of the language, during 
which time I became quite fluent in 
ordinary conversation. Elder Redick 
N. Allred then made me a visit. He 
seemed a little surprised at the 
readiness with which I spoke 'native,' 
and enquired if I had done any 
preaching as yet. Of course I an- 
swered no. He replied that there 
was nothing in the way of my doing 
so, so far as the language was con- 
cerned ,for he thought I could speak 
it about as well as he could. The 
result was that at our next meeting, 
he being in charge, I was called upon 
to give out the hymn, then to pray, 
and then, before the close of the 
meeting, to speak, all of which I did 
to the best of my knowledge, and I 
felt, and so did he, that the 'ice' was 
. now broken. Either that or the fol- 
lowing day I accompanied Brother 
Allred to another branch, Honuaula, 
where I took my part with him in 
administering the sacrament, bless- 
ing some children and baptizing and 
confirming, all of which I did in the 
Hawaiian language, and with far 
greater ease than I could have done 
the same thing in my native tongue. 
I recollect distinctly, as I recorded 
it in my journal at the time, that this 
occurrence took place on the one 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



187 



hundredth day after my arrival on 
the Islands. 

"On Elder Alfred's return to La- 
haina, he informed Pres. Hammond 
of my success in the language, and 
a few days later I received instruc- 
tions to take with me a native Elder 
and make, a tour to East Maui, to 
visif the branches and engage in 
missionary labors. Without delay, 
with one horse between us, El- 
der Pake, (one of the first con- 
verts to the Gospel, under the 
hands of Pres. Geo. Q. Cannon) and 
I started out on our missionary tour. 
The distance around the east end of 
Maui is about one hundred and 
twenty miles. We made a success- 
ful tour, visited all the branches, 
held meetings and were warmly re- 
ceived and kindly treated by all. 

"After this trip around eastern 
Maui I visited all the other branches 
on the island, making several cir- 
cuits of both eastern and western 
Maui. I spent a little over eighteen 
months upon this island, laboring 
constantly in the ministry, the latter 
portion of the time, after the de- 
parture of Pres. Hammond for his 
home in Utah, as President of the 
Maui Conference. Subsequently I 
labored six months as President of 
the KohalaConference,and six months 
as President of the Hilo Conference 
on the Island of Hawaii. 

"I was laboring upon this island 
at the time of the great volcanic 
eruption in August, 1855. I ex- 
perienced the tremendous shocks of 
earthquake which immediately pre- 
ceded the eruption, and subse- 
quently visited the great lava-flow, 
which issued from the crater. It 
was said that this eruption, in the 
quantity of lava thrown out, has 
probably never been surpassed dur- 
ing the residence of foreigners on 
the Islands. The flow continued for 
about thirteen months, reaching to 
within six or seven miles of the city 
of Hilo, more than sixty miles from 
the crater ; the city and bay of Hilo 
were in imminent danger of destruc- 
tion for months. I have seen it stated 
since, that the area covered by lava I 



from this eruption exceeded three 
hundred square miles, or about one 
thirteenth of the area of the Island 
of Hawaii. 

"After spending a year upon the 
Island of Hawaii, I was transferred 
to the Presidency of the Molokai 
Conference, with Elder Thos. A. 
Dowell as an assistant. On this is- 
land we found many of the Saints 
on the back-ground and most of the 
people afflicted with a scarcity of 
food. In making a journey from 
the east to the west end of the is- 
land, Brother Dowell and I were 
compelled to journey nearly thirty 
miles on foot in the hot sun, without 
either food or water to drink the 
whole distance, until Brother Dowell 
flagged and finally declared his in- 
ability to go further ; but I stood by 
him, urged and helped him along 
until we reached the home of Mr. R. 
W. Meyers, a German, who kindly 
received us and administered to our 
necessities, and with whom, by his 
request, we spent several days. Mr. 
Meyers, from this time forward, be- 
came our warm and faithful friend, 
and ever made us welcome at his 
home. He furnished me a good 
riding horse to visit the branches of 
the Church, from time to time, which 
was a great relief. Brother Dowell 
could not talk the language, and 
consequently the labors of the min- 
istry wholly devolved upon me. 

"From Mr. Me3^ers' we visited a 
small branch of the Church at a place 
called Kalaupapa, to which there was 
no access except by sea, and by a 
narrow, zigzag path down an almost 
perpendicular pali or precipice, about 
eighteen hundred feet. At this place 
we met a cold reception. Not that 
the few Saints of the place appeared 
displeased to see us, but the whole 
place was in the height of a wi, or 
famine. For four days Bro. Dowell 
and I visited among this people, 
holding several meetings, but had 
nothing to eat, save a few wild herbs 
that we gathered from the mountain 
side, and some opihis, which we 
found on the sea-shore during low 
tide. The people themselves spend- 



188 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



ing most of their time stretched out 
on their mats, ' waiting for their 
potatoes and squashes to grow.' 

•At the end of four days we con- 
cluded to return to Mr. Meyers', and 
as we were passing a grass hut, near 
the outskirts of the town, the thatch 
of which had been considerabty 
abraded by the hogs, we saw through 
the openings a family surrounding a 
calabash of poi. We at once turned 
aside and called in, but we found 
only some poi and salt, upon which 
we regaled with the gusto of an apetite 
four days old. We then bade adieu 
to Kalaupapa, climbed the great pali 
and again found welcome shelter and 
food at the hospitable home of Mr. 
Meyers. He kept a large number 
of cows and made butter. We went 
to work and built him a milk-house, 
and as I was accustomed to milking 
cows, I made a baud at that business 
whenever stopping with him. 

"He placed in my hands a good 
shot-gun and plenty of ammunition, 
and gave me the liberty to furnish a 
turkey or two for the table each day, 
which I succeeded in doing with very 
little trouble, from the numerous 
wild flocks which infested his ranch. 

"During my sojourn upon this is- 
land I had a very trying and pro- 
longed spell of sickness, in conse- 
quence of which I returned to Lanai, 
which for some time had been the 
headquarters of the mission. It was 
at this place (Palawai, Lanai) that 
our conference - house Avas burned 
down, consuming my trunk and its 
contents, with those of several others 
of the Elders, leaving us almost des- 
titute of clothing. Here I remained 
until the fall of 1857. Having in the 
meantime regained my health, I 
sailed for Honolulu to meet with the 
Elders of the mission in conference. 

"About this time instructions came 
from the First Presidency to release 
the foreign Elders to return home to 
Utah, in consequence of the move- 
ment of the U. S. army towards the 
Territory. According!}' , on the 6th 
of October, 1857, I embarked on 
board the bark Yankee for San Fran- 
cisco, in company with the following 



named Elders: Silas Smith, Ward 
E. Pack, Sextus E. Johnson, Ed- 
ward Partridge, Smith B. Tburston 
and William King. My cousin, Silas 
Smith, having been at work in Hono- 
lulu for some time, and thereby hav- 
ing sufficient money, kindly paid my 
fare. We took passage in the hold 
of the vessel, she having no steerage 
accomodations, and we not having 
sufficient means to take cabin pas- 
sage. We found the weather con- 
siderably cooler than we had been 
accustomed to, which we felt all the 
more keenly on account of the des- 
titute condition a few of us were in, 
through having lost all our effects by 
fire but a short time previous. 

"On landing at San Francisco in 
the latter part of October, 1857, we 
at once reported ourselves at the 
office of the Western Standard, to 
Pres. Geo. Q. Cannon, who was then 
editing that paper. He perceived the 
destitute condition that Elder E. 
Partridge and I were in and took us 
to a clothing store, where he fitted 
us out with a good warm overcoat 
each and a pair of blankets between 
us. With this outfit Brother Par- 
tridge and I started down the coast 
to Santa Cruz County, Cal., where 
we joined a companjr under the cap- 
taincy of Charles W. Wandell, with 
whom we traveled down the coast, 
and through the country southward 
as far as the Mohave River, some 
three or four hundred miles from 
San Francisco. At this point a num- 
ber of us left the company, camped 
on the Mohave, and made a visit to 
San Bernardino. Here I met a num- 
ber of my old friends, who were very 
kind to me, and provided me with 
means to clothe myself very comfort- 
ably for the remainder of the journey 
home. We found the Saints of San 
Bernardino all preparing for a gen- 
eral hegira to Utah. 

"While visiting San Bernardino I 
made two trips to Los Angeles, to 
visit the widow of my uncle Don 
Carlos Smith and her family, in the 
hope of assisting them to move with 
the Saints to the valley. Having 
fortunately met Elders Orson Pratt, 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



189 



Geo. Q. Cannon and others at San 
Bernardino — they being on their way 
to Utah — I was enabled to arrange 
for a good wagon and team for that 
purpose, but the}' preferred to re- 
main where they were, probably 
through the influence of Win. Pickett, 
to whom my aunt was married, he 
being a rank apostate. 

"Being under no obligations to 
continue traveling with C. W. Wan- 
dell's company, with whom I had 
sojourned down the coast, I engaged 
to drive team for George Crismon, 
and accordingly commenced my 
homeward journey again, sometime 
in the winter. I arrived in Great 
Salt Lake City Feb. 24, 1858, hav- 
ing been absent about three years 
and nine months. 

"Brother Partridge left me at San 
Bernardino, and I did not see him 
again, nor the brethren, from whom 
we parted in San Francisco, until we 
met, years later, in Utah. 

"The day following my arrival 
home I reported myself to President 
Young, and immediately enlisted in 
the 'Legion' to defend ourselves 
against the encroachment of a hostile 
and menacing army. From that time 
until the proclamation of peace, and 
a ' free and full pardon ' by Pres. 
Buchanan came, I was constantly in 
my saddle, prospecting and explor- 
ing the country, between Great Salt 
Lake City and Fort Bridger, under 
the commands of Col. Thos. Callister 
and others. 

"I was on picket guard, with a 
party of men under O. P. Rockwell 
when Commissioners Powell and 
M'Collough met us near the Webe'r 
River, with the President's proclama- 
tion. Subsequently I was on detail 
in the deserted city of Great Salt 
Lake until after the aru^ passed 
through the city, and thence to Camp 
Floyd. After this I assistedmy rel- 
atives to return to their homes, from 
which they had fled to the south some 
time previous- 

"During the winter of 1858-59 I 
served as sergeant-at-arms of the 
Council in the Territorial Legislature. 
The members of this session had 



difficulty in getting their pay , through 
the penuriousness and bigotry of 
Secretary Hartnett, the Legislature 
having adjourned from Fillmore to 
Great Salt Lake City, which was the 
cause of a technical quibble in the 
mind and on the part of the sec- 
retary. 

"I was ordained into the 32nd quo- 
rum of Seventies March 20, 1858, soon 
after my return from the Islands. 
On April 5, 1859, I was married, and 
on Oct. 16th, of that year, I was or- 
dained a High Priest and appointed 
a member of the High Council of the 
Salt Lake Stake of Zion. 

"At the April Conference, 1860, 
I was called to go on a mission to 
Great Britain. I arranged my little 
affairs, closed up house-keeping, my 
wife returning to her mother to live 
with her during my absence, I*left 
what little means I had in her hands 
toward her support, and left Great 
Salt Lake City again, on the 27th of 
April as a teamster for a Brother 
Beebe, for whom my cousin, Samuel 
H. B., and myself drove each a four- 
mule team, to Fort Des Moines, Iowa, 
for our passage and board that far 
on our journey to England. Brother 
Beebe, who was very much on the 
back-ground, considered that he had 
done us a great favor in allowing us 
to drive his teams and guard them, 
day and night, across the plains, for 
the favor of our passage and board ! 

"At Fort Des Moines, we borrowed 
money of a brother, which he had 
saved to immigrate his sister to 
America, to pay our fare forward to 
Liverpool. We called at Nauvoo on 
our way east, where I had an inter- 
view with Cousin Joseph and his 
brothers, Frederick and Alexander. 

"I will relate two little incidents 
which occurred during our visit to 
Nauvoo. We arrived in the morning 
early, having lodged over night at 
Montrose, as we traveled from Bur- 
lington down to Montrose by a river 
steamer. We found Joseph occu- 
pying the old homestead of his father, 
near the river bank, and put up with 
him. We (Samuel and I) were soon 
afterwards conducted over to the 



3 90 



THE TAVELVE APOSTLES. 



Mansion, the residence of Aunt Emma 
and Mr. Bidaman and their family, 
by Frederick and Alexander. In the 
large dining room, which I had last 
entered in my childhood to witness 
the slain bodies of the two martyrs, 
some sixteen years before, we found 
Aunt Emma sitting, tailor-like, on 
the large side table. I knew her in- 
stantly ; she was sewing. Frederick 
remarked, 'Mother, do 3'ou know 
these young men?" She instantly 
raised her eyes, lifted her glasses 
on to her forehead, and looking at 
me said, ' Why. as I live, it is Jo- 
seph ! Why, Joseph, I would have 
known you in hell. You look so 
much like your father ! ' These were 
her exact words. They fell with 
bewildering surprise upon my ears, 
and I shall never forget them. She 
had, not seen me for fourteen years 
or more, and did not know till that 
instant that I was within two thou- 
sand miles of her. She seemed not 
to be so clear in recognizing Samuel, 
although he had visited them a short 
time before. 

"When Joseph conducted Samuel 
and myself to our chamber, he said, 
on bidding us good-night, 'John S. 
slept here a while ago, and he had a 
dream. I have had several myself 
in this room, and I would like you 
to remember what you dream to-night 
and let me know." This was but a 
few weeks afrer his acceptance of 
the position he now occupies at the 
hands of Wm. Marks and others. 
He was feeling somewhat zealous 
and urged us not to go any further 
on our missions, but stop and reflect, 
etc. In the morning I asked Samuel 
if he had dreamed any thing. He 
replied no. I then told him my 
dream, as follows: T thought I was 
standing on a large pine raft, moored 
at the foot of the street in the edge 
of the river, and was fishing with a 
hook and line, and I thought I pulled 
out the fish almost as fast as I could 
bait my hook. The water seemed 
clear, so that I could see into it at 
great depth. I stood on the outer edge 
of the raft, which was large, filling 
the space opposite the street. Soon 



I dropped my hook as usual, and no 
sooner had it sunk below the surface 
than I saw a huge gar making di- 
rectly for it. Fearing I would lose 
my hook, I drew it rapidly out, but 
the gar was so determined to nab it 
that he ran out of the water more 
than half the length of my arm in 
the vain attempt to snap it. How- 
ever, I saved my hook and line, and 
carried a,wa,y my fish.' When I told 
Joseph ray dream, he made no reply 
and the subject dropped. They 
treated us very kindly, but were 
quite solicitous for our welfare, as 
they supposed. 

"From Nauvoo we visited the three 
sisters of the Prophet, two of whom 
were living at a little town called 
Colchester, in McDonough Co., 111. , 
and the other near by. We spent some 
little time among them, and held 
meetings. They were all seemingly 
opposed to Joseph and inclined to 
look favorably toward us. There 
were a few members of the Church 
at this place, with whom, in connec- 
tion with our kindred, we met. 

"From here we proceeded to New 
York City, arriving there in the be- 
ginning of July, and witnessed the 
celebration of the great national an- 
niversary in that great metropolis. 

"July 14th, we set sail for Liver- 
pool on board the ocean steamer 
City of Edinburgh, and we arrived 
in Liverpool July 27th. Our com- 
pany consisted of the following breth- 
ren : A. M. Lyman and son (Francis 
Marion), C. C. Rich and son (Jos. 
C), David M. Stuart, S. II. B. 
Smith, R. A. McBride, John Brown, 
John S. Gleason, Samuel L. Adams, 
John Tobin, James Brown, and Wm. 
H. Dame. 

"As soon as possible, after our ar- 
rival at Liverpool, Samuel and I 
made arrangements with Brother N. 
V. Jones, then acting as President 
of the mission, for the payment of 
the funds we had borrowed for our 
transportation from Des Moines, and 
by the blessing of the Lord we were 
soon able to pay our debt. My 
cousin and I were appointed to labor 
in the Bradford Conference, under 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



191 



the direction of Elder Thos. Wallace, 
who was then the ' Pastor ' of the 
district, comprising the Bradford, 
Sheffield, Hull and Lincolnshire Con- 
ferences. Soon after our arrival in 
England, Elder Geo. Q. Cannon, who 
had previously been appointed, took 
charge of the European Mission. I 
was appointed President of the Shef- 
field Conference, and when Brother 
Wallace emigrated, I was appointed 
to take charge of the 'Pastorate.' In 
this capacity I labored continually 
until the fall of 1862, when by invi- 
tation from Pres. Cannon, 1 had the 
pleasure of accompanying him on a 
very interesting visit to Denmark, 
where I had the opportunity of visit- 
ing the Copenhagen, Aarhus and 
Aalboig Conferences. Again in the 
spring of 1863, by permission, and 
the liberal assistance of Pres. Can- 
non, I visited Paris, France, in com- 
pany with Bishop C. W. West and 
B. Young, jun. In June, 1863, I 
was released to return home, and 
crossed the Atlantic, in company 
with Brother Geo. Peacock and Sister 
E. H. Cannon and family, on board 
the steamer City of Baltimore. We 
reached New York City in time to 
witness the dreadful riots which oc- 
curred there, in the forepart of July 
of that year. Every negro was run 
out of the city, compelled to conceal 
himself, or be killed, and every pane 
of glass was broken in the New York 
Tribune Office ; the press was also 
broken and the type pied. 

"Having no means to go forward, 
Sister Cannon and family were sent 
on to the frontier without me, and I 
waited the arrival of the next com- 
pany of immigrants. Elder H. S. 
Eldredge was agent that season. I 
came to Florence in connection with 
D. M. Stuart's company, and thence 
across the plains, as chaplain and 
' physician,' in Captain John W. 
Woolleys company. My brother-in- 
law, C. E. Griffin, drove a team and 
wagon which contained a ton of gun 
powder. We passed through several 
thunder-storms on the Platte, which 
created lively sensations among those 
in proximity to this wagon. At 



Green River we were met by Lewis 
Robison and a small part}' of men, 
with pack animals, who came to con- 
vey this powder across the country 
to the city. I joined this party, and 
with them arrived in Great Salt Lake 
City. 

"I found my wife in a very deli- 
cate state of health, on my arrival 
home, and the excitement consequent 
upon my return seemed to add to 
her nervous afflictions. For six weeks 
I waited upon her night and day, 
without ten minutes' unbroken sleep, 
and without removing my clothing 
except- to change them. Finally her 
health began gradually to improve. 
At the October Conference, in 1863, 
or soon afterwards, President Young 
made a proposition to the congrega- 
tion assembled in the old Tabernacle, 
to make Samuel and myself a pres- 
ent of $1,000, each, to start us for 
home Ijfe, as we had been away from 
home so much of late on missions. 
This afterwards proved a great source 
of annoyance to both of us, as 
neither of us realized moje than a 
couple of hundred dollars from the 
affair, while many seemed to think 
we were rich ! 

"In March, 1864, I started by 
stage, in company with Apostles 
Ezra T. Benson and Lorenzo Snow, 
and Elders Wm. W. Cluff and A. L. 
Smith, having been called by the 
Presidency of the Church, on another 
mission to the Sandwich Islands. We 
arrived in Honolulu March 27, 1864, 
having crossed the sea in the bark 
Onward, ■ Capt. Hempstead. A few 
days later we landed at Lahaina on 
Maui, where Brothers Benson, Snow, 
Cluff and A. L. Smith were capsized 
in the sea, and Brother Snow came 
so near losing his life. On April 
2nd we crossed the channel to Lanai, 
and partook of the hospitality of Mr. 
Walter M. Gibson, who had estab- 
lished himself as the leader of the 
Saints on the Islands. After labor- 
ing with him for several days, he was 
excommunicated from the Church, 
and we returned to Lahaina, from 
thence to Honolulu, and on the re- 
turn of the Onward, the Apostles 



192 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



left myself and the other American 
Elders in charge of the mission. 

"We at once set about visiting the 
native Saints, and endeavored to 
gather up the shattered fragments of 
the Church whenever we could find 
them. In June we were reenforced 
by the arrival of Elders John R. 
Young and Benjamin Cluff. We 
visited all the islands, and concluded 
that our prospects to accomplish 
permanent good among the people 
were exceedingly precarious without 
some move to establish a permanent 
location and head-quarters, with 
labor and enterprise in view. We 
communicated our views to President 
Young in writing and were instructed 
to make enquiry into the value of 
suitable lands, and report. This we 
did, and were later on instructed to 
leave the mission for the present in 
the hands of one or two of our num- 
ber, and the rest return home. We 
accordingly selected Brother A. L. 
Smith to take charge, with Brother 
Benjamin Cluff to study the language 
and assist him, and Brothers W. W. 
Cluff, J. R. Young and myself re- 
turned to the coast, arriving late in 
October of the same year. We took 
with us the widow and children of 
Albion Burnham, and two natives. 
At San Francisco we were met by 
Elders F. A. Hammond and George 
Nebeker, on their way to the islands 
to purchase land and establish a 
permanent gathering place for the 
Saints. 

"The location formerly selected, on 
Lanai, had fallen into the hands of 
W. M. Gibson, which he had filched 
from the poor natives. At first we 
could make no impression upon his 
adherents, but they soon all left him 
and returned to the true fold, leav- 
ing Mr. Gibson friendless and alone. 
Brothers Hammond and Nebeker 
brought word that we were at liberty 
to return with them to the Islands, or 
continue on home, just as we chose ; 
of course we chose the latter. The 
two native brethren, however, chose 
to return with them. 

"Meanwhile Brother J. R. Young 
with the Burnham family had de- 



parted for southern California, and 
thence to southern Utah. My wife, 
whose health had been very feeble 
for some time, by advice of friends, 
met me in San Francisco. With her 
I spent a short time, expecting her 
to return with me to Great Salt Lake 
City. Her friends and relatives were 
very solicitous for her . to remain 
longer, and every persuasion was 
used to induce me to remain. But 
my mind was bent on home. I there- 
fore made the necessary preparations, 
and Brother W. W. Cluff, myself 
and wife started for home. 

At Dutch Flats, in the Sierra Ne- 
vada Mountains, we were snowed in, 
with eight feet of snow, for several 
days. My wife became nervous and 
frightened and desired to go back to 
San Francisco till spring. I con- 
sented, and when the road was broke 
through the snow, Brother Cluff and 
I continued our homeward journe}^ 
and my wife returned to the coast. 
We arrived home safely in December. 
The means which I received to- 
wards the $1,000 donation was not 
sufficient to pay my expenses on this 
mission. On the contrary, I spent 
$100 more than I ever received from 
this source, which was supplied to 
me by my aunt M. R. Thompson. 
The only article that I ever pos- 
sessed from this proposed gift, was 
a few gallons of molasses and a small 
fancy dwarf stove, which was valued 
at $30. 

"Soon after my return from this 
mission, I was emplo3 T ed as a clerk 
in the Historian's Office, and at the 
Endowment House, frequently trav- 
eling through the Territory, when 
required, in the capacity of a home 
missionary. 

"I was elected a member of the 
city council of Great Salt Lake City, 
for several terms, and also served in 
the Territorial legislature as a mem- 
ber from Great Salt Lake County. In 
1866 I entered into the holy order of 
plural marriage, by and with the ad- 
vice, consent and approval of the 
presiding authorities of the Church, 
and my first wife, which step 1 
have never regretted. Had it not 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



193 



been for plural marriage I should in 
all probability have been childless to 
the day of my death, for my first 
wife was barren, whereas I am now 
the father of many sons and daugh- 
ters. 

"On July 1, 1866, I was ordained 
an Apostle and a Counselor to the 
President of the Church, under the 
hands of Pres. Brigham Young, Dan- 
iel H. Wells and the quorum of the 
Twelve Apostles, at Great Salt Lake 
City. And on Oct. 8, 1867, I was 
appointed to fill the vacancy in the 
quorum of the Twelve. 

'Tn 1868 I was called to go to 
Provo, Utah Co. , together with Apos- 
tle W. Woodruff, A. O. Smoot, E. 
F. Sheets, Geo. G. Bywater and 
others. I was elected a member of 
the Provo city council and removed 
a part of my family to that place. 
All the others who were called there 
did likewise. During this year Prests. 
Young and Kimball also removed 
branches of their families to Provo. 
This was some months prior to the 
death of the latter. 

"I remained in Provo during 
this summer, except when traveling 
through the Territory as a home 
missionary, and labored in the cab- 
inet shop of the Cluff Bros, for daily 
wages. By permission of President 
Young, I removed my family back to 
Salt Lake City, during the winter of 
1868-69, and resumed my labors in 
the Historian's Office and the En- 
dowment House. I also attended 
the meetings of the Provo cit}'- coun- 
cil as circumstances permitted until 
my term of office expired, and trav- 
eled throughout the Territory, in 
company with Pres. Young and mem- 
bers of the quorum of the Twelve, 
in the discharge of the duties of my 
calling. 

"Feb. 28, 1874, having been previ- 
ously appointed, I started on my 
second mission to Great Britain, to 
take charge of the European Mission. 
I was accompanied to New York City 
by Elder F. Theurer who had been 
appointed a mission to Switzerland, 
He was, however, detained in New 
York in the effort to obtain his citi- 



zenship papers, and I proceeded to 
Liverpool alone, arriving there March 
21st. There were only half a dozen 
passengers, all told, on board the 
steamer Idaho. It was surmised that 
fears of equinoctial storms was the 
cause of so few passengers. The 
voyage, however, proved to be one 
of the calmest and most pleasant 
within the memory of the captain 
and crew, the whole passage be- 
ing made without putting the racks 
upon the tables. 

"On my arrival at Liverpool, I 
was met by Bros. J. C. Graham and 
Geo. F. Gibbs, the former in charge 
of the Star, and the latter chief clerk 
in the office, Albert Carrington, who 
was nominally presiding over the 
mission, having returned to Utah the 
previous fall. I at once engaged, to 
the best of my ability, in the impor- 
tant duties of my calling, and I am 
thankful to believe, that with the 
able and faithful assistance of my 
co-laborers, many of whom were ex- 
perienced men, during the ensuing 
eighteen or twenty months an ex- 
cellent spirit was diffused through- 
out the mission, and a good work 
was done. 

"During this mission I visited 
Scandinavia, Germany, Switzerland 
and France, but soon after the death 
of Pres. George A. Smith, in the fall 
of 1875, I was released to return 
home. Albert Carrington was ap- 
pointed to succeed me in the Pres- 
ideriC} T of the mission. 

"Some time after my return from 
this mission I was appointed Pres- 
ident of Davis County, the county 
then not being organized into a 
Stake of Zion. 

"I acted in this capacity, still re- 
taining my residence in Salt Lake 
City, and continuing my temporal 
labors there and my Apostolic duties, 
as usual, until the spring of 1877, 
when I was again sent to take charge 
of the European Mission. In April, 
1877, I attended the conference at 
St. George, and the dedication of the 
Temple at that place, and in Maj^ 
following I took my departure once 
more for Europe, having for com- 



194 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



panions and fellow-laborers Elders 
F. S. Richards, C. W. Nibley, Alma 
L. Smith, Royal B. Young, E. D. 
Woolley, jun., John R. Young, W. 
B. Smith and others. We arrived in 
Liverpool May 27, 1877. Pres. B. 
Young informed me that I would 
probably remain several years on 
this mission, and was therefore at 
liberty to take one of my wives with 
me, which I did. During the sum- 
mer Apostle Orson Pratt came to 
Liverpool, commissioned, I think, by 
the Presidency and Council, to pub- 
lish the Book of Mormon and Doc- 
trine and Covenants in phonetic 
characters. I devoted a portion of 
my time to assist him in this labor 
and accompanied him to Bath and 
London in the furtherance thereof ; 
but when our arrangements were be- 
ing about completed for beginning 
the work of publication, we received 
a cable dispatch announcing the 
death of Pres. B, Young. This 
sudden and sad news fell like a 
thunderbolt upon us. 

"Following 'these sorrowful tid- 
ings, Ave received another dispatch 
from the council of Apostles, order- 
ing Brother Pratt and myself to re- 
turn home forthwith. On the 12th 
of September we embarked on the 
steamship Wyoming, and reached 
Salt Lake City on the 27th. I at- 
tended the conference, and from 
thenceforth continued in council 
and in the duties devolving upon me, 
in connection with, the brethren, un- 
til August, 1878, when Elder Orson 
Prart and myself started on a short 
mission to the State of New York. 
On ourway we visited Independence, 
Jackson Co., Mo. There we had an 
interview with Wm. E. McLellan, 
which led to a correspondence be- 
tween him and myself that continued 
until his death. We also visited 
Richmond (where we had several 
interesting interviews with David 
Whitiner and others) and Far West, 
Mo. ; Piano, 111. ; Kirtland, Ohio ; the 
towns of Palm} r ra and Manchester, 
the Hill Cumorah, and the city of 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

"In New York City we spent a few 



days in company with Elder W. C. 
Staines, and there Brother Pratt left 
me to go to New Hampshire, and I 
returned home calling again at Piano, 
111., where. I had a short visit with 
Joseph Smith, relative to the man- 
uscript of the inspired translation 
of the Bible. Further on I also 
called for a few hours at Colchester, 
111., where I saw, for the last time, 
the youngest sister of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, Lucy Milikin and a 
number of her children. Her hus- 
band, Arthur Milikin, and soon after- 
wards she herself, died, at their home 
in Colchester. 

"I arrived in Salt Lake City in 
time for the opening of conference, 
followed closely by Elder Pratt. 

"After the opening of the St. 
George Temple, the Endowment 
House in Salt Lake City was closed 
for ordinances, but after the death 
of President Young, when it was 
found necessary to again open it, I 
was placed in charge thereof, which 
position I filled until the summer of 
1884, when the house was again 
closed. 

'^In October, 1880, in the reor- 
ganization of the First Presidency, I 
was chosen by Pres. Tajdor as his 
second Counselor. 

"I was a member of the council of 
the Utah Legislature, during its ses- 
sion of 1882, and by the courtesy of 
the councilors was chosen President 
of the council. At this session Gov- 
ernor Murray asserted his claim to 
the right of appointing Territorial 
officers, and the Edmunds bill be- 
coming a law, polygamists were re- 
lieved of the onerous duties and 
burins of office. At this session a 
resolution was passed providing for 
the election of members to a conven- 
tion, to be held in April, to draft a 
constitution, and appoint delegates 
to present the same to Congress and 
ask for the admission of Utah into 
the Union as a sovereign State. I had 
the honor of being chosen President 
of that convention, which I attended 
faithfully during its session, and sub- 
sequently from time to time pursu- 
ant to adjournments. 



THE THREE WITNESSE. 



195 



"In 1883 I visited Colorado in 
company with Pres. W. Woodruff, 
B. Young and John Morgan, and 
took part in the organization of the 
Conejos Stake of Zion in June of 
that year. 

"In August and September, 1884, 
in company with Elders Erastus Snow 
and John Morgan, I visited Emery 
Stake, Conejos Stake, the Eastern j 
Arizona Stake, and the settlements I 



in the Little Colorado and San Juan 
Stakes, holding meetings and con- 
ferences in all the principal settle- 
ments. Since then I have been in 
exile, and have traveled in northern 
Utah, in Idaho, Oregon, Wyoming, 
Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, 
Arizona, south-eastern Utah, Mexico 
and California, as duty and my safety 
from the hands of malicious perse- 
cutors demanded." 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



While Joseph Smith, the Prophet, 
with Oliver Cowdery as scribe, were 
engaged in translating the Book of 
Mormon, in Fayette, Seneca Co., 
N. Y., in the year 1829, they as- 
certained that the plates, from which 
they were translating , should be 
shown by the power of God to three 
special witnesses, who should bear 
record of the divinity of the book, 
etc. (See Book of Mormon, Ether 
oth Chap.) 

Almost immediately after making 
this discovery, Oliver Cowdery, David 
Whitmer and Martin Harris asked 
the Prophet Joseph to "inquire of 
the Lord to know if they might not 
obtain of him to be these three spe- 
cial witnesses." At length Joseph 
complied with their wishes, and 
through the Urim and Thummim re- 
ceived for them a revelation, grant- 
ing them the privilege conditional up- 
on their faith. (Doc. &Cov.,Sec. 17.)^ 

"Not many days after the above 
commandment was given," writes 
Joseph Smith, "we four, viz. Martin 
Harris, David Whitmer, Oliver Cow- 
dery and rnyself, agreed to retire 
into the woods, and try to obtain by 
fervent and humble prayer, the ful- 
filment of the promises given in the 
revelation, that they should have a 
view of the plates, etc. * 



"We accordingly made choice of 
a piece of woods convenient to Mr. 
WhitmeFs house, to which we re- 
tired, and having knelt down, we be- 
gan to pray in much faith to Al- 
mighty God to bestow upon us a 
realization of these promises. Ac- 
cording to previous arrangements I 
commenced by vocal prayer to our 
heavenly Father, and was followed 
by each of the rest in succession. 
We did not, however, obtain any an- 
swer or manifestation of the divine 
favor in our behalf. We again ob- 
served the same order of prayer, each 
calling on and praying fervently to 
God in rotation, but with the same 
result as before. Upon this our sec- 
ond failure, Martin Harris proposed 
that he should withdraw himself from 
us, believing, as he expressed him- 
self, that his presence was the cause 
of our not obtaining what we wished 
for ; he accordingly withdrew from 
us, and we knelt down again, and 
had not been many minutes engaged 
in prayer, when presently we beheld c 
a light above us in, the air, of ex- 
ceeding brightness ; and behold, an 
angel stood before us ; in his hand 
he held the plates which we 
h'ad been praying for these to have 
a view of ; he turned over the leaves 
one by one, so that we could see 
them, and discover the engravings 
thereon distinctly. He then ad- 
dressed himself to David Whitmer, 
and said, 'David, blessed is the Lord, 
and he that keeps His command- 



196 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



ments.' When, immediately after- 
wards, we heard a voice from out of 
the bright light above us, saying, 
'These plates have been revealed by 
the power of God, and they have 
been translated by the power of God. 
The translation of them which you 
have seen is correct, and I command 
you to bear record of what you now 
see and hear.' 

"I now left David and Oliver, and 
went in pursuit of Martin Harris, 
whom I found at a considerable dis- 
tance fervently engaged in prayer. 
He soon told me, however, that he 
had not yet prevailed with the Lord, 
and earnestly requested me to join 
him in prayer, that he also might 
realize the same blessings which we 
had just received. We accordingly 
joined in prayer, and ultimately ob- 
tained our desires, for before we had 
yet finished, the same vision was 
opened- to our view, at least it was 
again to me, and I once more beheld 
and heard the same things, whilst, at 
the same moment, Martin Harris 
cried out, apparently in ecstacy of 
joy, ' 'Tis enough ; mine eyes have 
beheld,' and jumping up he shouted 
'Hosannah,' blessing God, and other- 
wise rejoiced exceedingly. 

"Having thus, through the mercy 
of God, obtained these manifesta- 
tions, it now remained for these 
three individuals to fulfill the com- 
mandment which they had received, 
viz., to bear record of these things, 
in order to accomplish which, they 
drew up and described the following 
document: — 

" ' The Testimony of Three Witnesses. 
" 'Be it known unto all nations, kindreds, 
tongues, and people unto whom this work 
shall come, that we, through the grace of 
God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, 
have seen the plates which contain this rec- 
ord — which is the record of the people of 
Nephi,and alsooftheLamanites,their breth- 
ren, and also of the people of Jared,who 
came from the tower of which hath been 
spoken; and we also know that they have 
been translated by the gift and power of 
God, for His voice hath declared it unto us; 
wherefore we know of a surety that the 
work is true. And we also testify that we 
have seen the engravings which are upon 



the plates, and they have been shown unto 
us by the power of God, and not of man; 
and we declare with words of soberness, 
that an angel of God came down from 
heaven, and he brought and laid before our 
eyes, that we beheld and saw the plates and 
the engravings thereon ; and we know that 
it is by the grace of God the Father, and our 
Lord Jesus Christ, that we beheld and bear 
record that these things are true ; and it is 
marvelous in our eyes; nevertheless, the 
voice of the Lord commanded us that we 
should bear record of it; wherefore, to be 
obedient unto the commandments of God, 
we bear testimony of these things. And we 
know that if we are faithful in^'hrist, we 
shall rid our garments of the blood of all 
men, and be found spotless before the judg- 
ment-seat of Christ, and shall dwell with 
him eternally in the heavens. And the honor 
be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Ghost, which is one God. Amen. 

Oliver Cowdkky, 
David Whitmer. 
Martin Harris. '" 

OLIVER COWDERY, 

Was born in the town of Wells, 
Rutland Co., Vermont, in October, 
1805. He was principally raised in 
the town of Poultney, Rutland Co., 
whence his father removed when 
Oliver was only three years old. 
About the year 1825, Oliver removed 
to the State of New York, where his 
elder brothers were married and 
settled, and some two years later his 
father also moved to that State. 
Oliver was employed as clerk in a 
store until the winter of 1828-29, 
when he taught the district school in 
the town of Manchester, Ontario Co., 
N. Y. , nine miles from his father's 
house. There he first became ac- 
quainted with the family of Joseph 
Smith, sen. (father of the Prophet), 
who was one of those who sent chil- 
dren to the school, and Oliver went 
to board awhile at his house. Dur- 
ing that time the family related to 
him the circumstances of young Jo- 
seph having received the plates of 
the Book of Mormon. Oliver be- 
came deeply ested and deter- 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



107 



mined to find out the particulars 
about this wonderful event. He also 
prayed to the Lord to enlighten his 
mind, and one night, after he had 
retired to rest, the Lord manifested 
to him, that he had been told the 
truth in relation to the finding of 
the plates. He then concluded to 
pay Joseph Smith a visit, in order to 
learn more about it, which he did, 
and on April 5, 1829, he first met 
the Prophet at his temporary home 
in Harmon}*-, Penn., whither he had 
removed because of the persecutions 
to which he had been subjected in 
the State of New York. This meet- 
ing of Joseph and Oliver was not 
only providential for the latter, but 
also for the Prophet himself, who had 
already been the custodian of the 
plates of the Book of Mormon for 
some time, but had been unable to 
proceed with the translation for the 
want of a scribe. In Oliver he saw 
the proper person to assist him in 
his work, and two days after his ar- 
rival, Joseph Smith "commenced to 
translate the Book of Mormon," with 
Oliver Cowdery as scribe. A few 
days later a revelation was given 
to Oliver Cowdery through Joseph 
Smith. (Doc. & Gov., Sec. 6.) 

While engaged in the work of 
translating, Oliver became exceed- 
ingly anxious to have the power to 
translate bestowed upon him, and in 
relation to his desire two revelations 
were given to him through the Prophet 
(Doc. & Cov., Sec. 8 and 9.) On 
various other occasions he was favor- 
ed with the words of the Almighty 
direct through the Prophet, with whom 
he for a number of years afterwards 
was so closely connected in his admin- 
istrations in the Priesthood and offi- 
cial duties generally. (See Doc. & 
Gov., Sec. 7, 13, 17, 18, 23, 110, etc.) 



On May 15, 1829, Joseph Smith 
and Oliver Cowdery went into the 
woods to pray and inquire of the 
Lord respecting baptism for the re- 
mission of sins, which they found 
mentioned in the record. While en- 
gaged in praj^er, a messenger from 
heaven descended in a cloud of light, 
and laying his hands upon them, he 
ordained them, saying : 

"Upon you my fellow-servants, in 
the name of Messiah, I confer the 
Priesthood of Aaron, which holds the 
keys of the ministering of angels and 
of the Gospel of repentance, and of 
baptism by immersion for the remis- 
sion of sins ; and this shall never be 
taken again from the earth, until the 
sons of Levi do offer again an offer- 
ing unto the Lord in righteousness." 

This heavenly messenger said that 
this Aaronic Priesthood had not the 
power of laying on of hands for the 
gift of the Holy Ghost. He also told 
them that his name was John, the 
same that is called John the Baptist 
in the New Testament, and that he 
acted under the direction of Peter, 
James and John, who held the keys 
of the Priesthood of Melchisedek, 
which Priesthood he said would in 
due time be conferred on them, when 
Joseph should be the first and Oliver 
the second Elder in the Church. 

The messenger also commanded 
them to go and be baptized and or- 
dain each other, and directed that 
Joseph should first baptize Oliver, 
and then Oliver baptize Joseph. This 
they did, after which Joseph laid his 
hands on Oliver's head and ordained 
him to the Aaronic Priesthood. Oliver 
then laid his hands on Joseph and 
ordained him to the same Priesthood. 
The Prophet writes : 

"Immediately on our coming up 
out of the water after we had been 
baptized, we experienced great and 



198 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



glorious blessings from our heavenly 
Father. No sooner had I baptized 
Oliver Cowdery, than the Holy Ghost 
fell upon him, and he stood up and 
prophesied many things which should 
shortly come to pass. And again, as 
soon as I had been baptized by him, I 
also had the spirit of prophecy, when, 
standing up, I prophesied concerning 
the rise of the Church, and many 
other things connected with the 
Church and this generation of the 
children of men. We were filled with 
the Holy Ghost, and rejoiced in the 
God of our salvation." 

Early in June Joseph Smith and 
wife and Oliver Cowdery removed to 
Fayette, Seneca Co., N. Y., where 
the translation of the Book of Mor- 
mon was continued and finished. 
John Whitmer, one of the sons of 
Peter Whitmer, sen., assisted con- 
siderably in the writing. It was some 
time during the month of June of 
this year (1829) that the plates were 
shown to the three witnesses ; and 
not long afterwards Joseph Smith 
and Oliver Cowdery were ordained 
to the Melchisedek Priesthood by 
Peter, James and John. A revela- 
tion directed principally to Oliver 
Cowdery was also given, making 
known the calling of Twelve Apos- 
tles in the last days. (Doc. & Cov., 
Sec. 18.) 

When the Church was organized in 
Fayette, April 6, 1830, Oliver Cow- 
dery was one of the original stx mem- 
bers, and was on that occasion or- 
dained by Joseph Smith to be the 
second Elder in the Church. April 
11th, Oliver preached the first public 
discourse delivered by any Elder in 
this dispensation. The meeting in 
which this took place was held in 
Mr. Whitmer' s house in Fayette. 

In the following June, Oliver ac- 
companied the Prophet to Colesville, 
Broome Co., where a large branch of 



the Church subsequently was raised 
up, amidst considerable persecution. 
In October, 1830, Oliver Cowdery, 
Parley P. Pratt, Peter Whitmer, jun. , 
and Ziba Peterson were called to go 
on a mission to the Lamanites in the 
wilderness. These missionaries took 
leave of their friends late in October 
of the same year, and started on 
foot. After traveling for some days, 
they stopped and preached to an 
Indian nation near Buffalo, N. Y. , 
and subsequently raised up a large 
branch of the Church in Kirtland, 
Ohio. Among the converts at the 
latter place was the famous Sidney 
Rigdon, who afterwards became so 
prominent in the Church. In the 
beginning of 1831, after a very hard 
and toilsome journey in the dead of 
winter, the missionaries finally ar- 
rived in Independence, Jackson Coun- 
ty, Missouri, about fifteen hundred 
miles from where they started. This 
was the first mission performed by 
the Elders of the Church in any of 
the States west of New York. Oliver 
Cowdery and P. P. Pratt commenced 
a prosperous mission among the 
Delaware Indians across the frontier 
line, but they were finally ordered 
out by the Indian Agents, accused of 
being disturbers of the peace. Being 
thus compelled to cease their work 
among the Lamanites for the time 
being, the Elders commenced preach- 
ing to the whites in Jackson County, 
with considerable success. In Feb- 
ruary Elder Pratt was sent back to 
the East, while Elder Cowdery and 
his other companion remained in 
Missouri until the arrival of the 
Prophet Joseph and many other El- 
ders from the East, July following, 
when Jackson County was designated 
as a gathering place of the Saints 
and dedicated for that purpose. 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



199 



When the Temple site was dedicated, 
Aug. 3, 1831. Elder Cowdery was 
one of the eight men present. He 
subsequently returned to Kirtland, 
Ohio, with the Prophet, where they 
arrived Aug. 27th. In the following 
November he and John Whitmer was. 
sent back to Missouri with the revela- 
tions, which were to be printed there 
by W. W. Phelps. 

On the Prophet's second visit to 
Missouri, in 1832, Oliver Cowdery 
was appointed one of a committee of 
three to review and prepare such 
revelations as were deemed proper 
for publication. He was also one of 
seven High Priests appointed to 
stand at the head of affairs relating 
to the Church in Missouri. 

After the destruction of the print- 
ing press and the troubles in Jack- 
son County, in July, 1833, Oliver 
Cowdery was sent as a special mes- 
senger from the Saints to Kirtland, 
Ohio, to confer with the First Pres- 
idency there. He arrived there in 
the latter part of August. 

At a council held in Kirtland, Sept. 
11, 1833, he was appointed to take 
charge of the printing office to be 
established at that place, and there 
he subsequently recommenced the 
publication of the Evening and 
Morning Star. When the press was 
dedicated, Dec. 18,1833, the Prophet 
records the following concerning El- 
der Cowdery : 

"Blessed of the Lord is Brother 
Oliver ; nevertheless there are two 
evils in him that he must needs for- 
sake, or he cannot altogether forsake 
the buffetings of the adversary. If 
he forsake these evils, he shall be 
forgiven, and shall be made like 
unto the bow which the Lord hath 
set in the heavens ; he shall be a sign 
and an ensign unto the nations. 
Behold, he is blessed of the Lord 



for his constancj r and steadfastness 
in the work of the Lord ; wherefore, 
he shall be blessed in his genera- 
tion, and they shall never be cut off, 
and he shall be helped out of many 
troubles ; and if he keeps the com- 
mandments, and hearkens unto the 
counsel of the Lord, his rest shall be 
glorious." 

At the organization of the first 
High Council in the Church, at Kirt- 
land, Feb. 17, 1834, Elder Cowdery 
was elected a member. He acted as 
clerk of the Council for a number of 
years, and subsequently acted as 
President of the Council. When the 
Prophet, with Zion's Camp, started 
for Missouri in May following, 
Oliver, together with Sidney Rigdon, 
was left in charge of the Church in 
Kirtland. <- 

On the evening of Nov. 29, 1834, 
Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery 
united in solemn prayer and made 
a covenent with the Lord, that if He 
would prosper them in certain things, 
they would give a "tenth to be be- 
stowed upon the poor of his Church, 
or as he shall command." This was 
the first introduction of the paying 
of tithing among the Latter-day 
Saints. 

In Feb., 1835, the Three Wit- 
nesses, Oliver Cowdery, David Whit- 
mer and Martin Harris, chose twelve 
men from the Elders of the Church, 
to officiate as the Twelve Apostles. 
In blessing them and giving them 
instructions Oliver Cowdery took a 
prominent part. He was also one of 
the trustees of the school in Kirt- 
land, where he studied Hebrew and 
other languages, in connection with 
the Prophet and other Elders. Sept. 
14, 1835, he was appointed to act as 
Church Recorder. 

He was present at the dedication 
of the Temple in Kirtland, and took 



200 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



a very active part in giving the as- 
sembled Elders their washings and 
anointings; and on April 3,1836, he, 
in connection with the Prophet Jo- 
seph, saw and heard the Savior, as 
also Moses, Elias and Elijah the 
Prophet, who committed unto them 
the ke} r s necessary for the further- 
ance of the work of the great latter- 
day dispensation. (Doc. & Cov., 
Sec. 110.) 

Sept. 3, 1837, at a conference held 
in Kirtland, Elder Cowdery was ap- 
pointed assistant Counselor to the 
First Presidency. Some time during 
that year he removed to Far West, 
Caldwell Co., Mo., where he acted 
as clerk of the High Council and 
Church Recorder. He was also a 
member of a committee appointed to 
select locations for the gathering of 
the Saints. 

On Wednesday April 11, 1838, 
Elder Seymour Brunson preferred 
the following charges against Oliver 
Cowdery before the High Council of 
Far West : 

"1st. For persecuting the breth- 
ren by urging on vexatious law- 
suits against them, and thus dis- 
tressing the innocent. 2nd. For 
seeking to destroy the character 
of President Joseph Smith, jun., 
by falsely insinuating that he was 
guilty of adultery, etc. 3rd. For 
treating the Church with contempt 
by not attending meeting. 4th. For 
virtually denying the faith by de- 
claring that he would not be govern- 
ed by any ecclesiastical authority or 
revelations whatever, in his temporal 
affairs. 5th. For selling his lands 
in Jackson County, contrary to the 
revelations. 6th. For writing and 
sending an insulting letter to Pres- 
ident Thomas B. Marsh, while on 
the High Council, attending to the 
duties of his office as President of 
the Council, and by insulting the 
High Council with the contents of 
said letter. 7th. For leaving his 



calling, in which God had appointed 
him by revelation, for the sake of 
filthy lucre, and turning to the prac- 
tice of law. 8th. For disgracing the 
Church by being connected in the 
bogus business, as common report 
says. 9th. For dishonestly retain- 
ing notes, after they have been paid ; 
and, finally, for leaving or forsaking 
the cause of God, and returning to 
the beggarly elements of the world, 
and neglecting his high and holy 
calling, according to his profession." 

The following day (April 12th) the 
Bishop of Far West and High Coun- 
cil examined his case. "The 1st, 
2nd, 3rd, 7th, 8th and 9th charges 
were sustained. The 4th and 5th 
charges were rejected, and the 6th 
was withdrawn. Consequently he 
(Oliver Cowdery) was considered no 
longer a member of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

After his excommunication, Oliver 
Cowdery engaged in law business 
and practiced for some }^ears as a 
lawyer in Michigan, but he never 
denied the truth of the Book of Mor- 
mon. On the contrary, he seems to 
have used every opportunity he had 
to bear testimon}* of its divine origin. 
While practicing law in Michigan, a 
gentleman, on a certain occasion, ad- 
dressed him as. follows, "Mr. Cow- 
dery, I see your name attached to 
this book. If you believe it to be 
true, why are you in Michigan?" 
The gentleman then read the names 
of the Three Witnesses and asked, 
"Mr. Cowdery, do you believe this 
book!" "No, sir," was the reply. 
"Very well," continued the gentle- 
man, "but your name is attached to 
it, and you declare here (pointing 
to the book) that you saw an angel, 
and also the plates, from which the 
book purports to be translated ; and 
now you say you don't believe it. 
Which time did you tell the truth?" 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



201 



Oliver Cowdery replied with em- 
phasis, "My name is attached to that 
book, and what I there have said is 
true. I did see this ; I know I saw 
it, and faith has nothing to do with 
it, as a perfect knowledge has swal- 
lowed up the faith which I had in the 
work, knowing, as I do, that it is 
true." 

At a special conference held at 
Kanesville, Iowa, Oct. 21, 18-18, and 
presided over by Apostle Orson Hyde, 
Oliver Cowdery was present and 
made the following remarks : 

"Friends and Brethren, — My name is 
Cowdery, Oliver Cowdery. In the early 
history of this Church I stood indentified 
with her, and one in her councils. True it 
is that the gifts and callings of God are 
without repentance; not because I was bet- 
ter than the rest of mankind was I called; 
but, to fulfill the purposes of God, He called 
me to a high and holy calling. 

"I wrote, with my own pen, the entire 
Book of Mormon (save a few pages) as it 
fell from the lips of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, as he translated it by the gift and 
power of God, by the means of the Urim 
and Thummim, or, as it is called by that 
book, 'holy interpreters. ' I beheld with my 
eyes, and handled with my hands, the gold 
plates from which it was transcribed. I also 
saw with my eyes and handled with my 
hands the 'holy interpreters.' That book is 
true. Sidney Rigdon did not write it; Mr. 
Spaulding did not write it; I wrote it myself 
as it fell from the lips of the Prophet. It 
contains the Everlasting Gospel, and came 
forth to the children of men in fulfilment of 
the revelations of John, where he says he 
saw an angel come with the Everlasting 
Gospel to preach to every nation, kindred, 
tongue and people. It contains principles 
of salvation; and if you, my hearers, will 
walk by its light and obey its precepts, you 
will be saved with an everlasting salvation 
in the kingdom of God on high. Brother 
Hyde has just said that it is very important 
that we keep and walk in the true channel, 
in order to avoid the sand-bars. This is 
true. The channel is here. The holy Priest- 
hood is here. 

"I was present with Joseph when an holy 
angel from God came down from heaven 
and conferred on us, or restored, the lesser 
or Aaronic Priesthood, and said to us, at 



the same time, that it should remain upon 
the earth while the earth stands. 

"I was also present with Joseph when the 
higher or Melchisedek Priesthood was con- 
ferred by holy angels from on high. This 
Priesthood we then conferred on each other, 
by the will and commandment of God. This 
Priesthood, as was then declared, is also to 
remain upon the earth until the last remnant 
of time. This holy Priesthood, or author- 
ity, we then conferred upon many, and is 
just as good and valid as though God had 
done it in person. 

"I laid my hands upon that man— yes, I 
laid my right hand upon his head (pointing 
to Brother Hyde), and I conferred upon him 
this Priesthood, and he holds that Priest- 
hood now. He was also called through me, 
by the prayer of faith, an Apostle of the 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

In the early part of November 
following Elder Hyde called a High 
Council in the Log Tabernacle, to 
consider the case of Oliver Cow- 
dery ; having been cut off by the 
voice of a High Council, it was 
thought that, if he was restored, he 
should be restored by the voice of a 
similar body. Before this body 
Brother Cowdery said : 

"Brethren, for a number of years I have 
been separated from you. I now desire to 
come back. I wish to come humbly and to 
be one in your midst. I seek no station, 
only wish to be identified with you. I am 
out of the Church. I am not a member of 
the Church, but I wish to become a mem- 
ber of it. I wish to come in at the door. 
I know the door. I have not come here to 
seek precedence. I come humbly and throw 
myself upon the decisions of this body, 
knowing, as I do, that its decisions are right, 
and should be obeyed." 

Brother George W. Harris, Pres- 
ident of the Council, moved that 
Brother Cowdery be received. Con- 
siderable discussion took place in re- 
lation to a certain letr.er which, it 
was alleged, Brother Cowdery had 
written to David Whitmer. Brother 
Cowdery again rose and said : 

' 'If there be any person that has aught 
against me, let him declare it. My coming 
back and humbly asking to become a mem 



202 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



ber through the door, covers the whole 
ground. I acknowledge this authority." 

Brother Hyde moved that Brother 
Oliver Cowdery be received into the 
Church by baptism, and that all old 
things be dropped and forgotten, 
which was seconded and carried 
unanimously. Soon afterwards he 
was re-baptized. 

Elder Phineas H. Young, who 
was present at the death of Oliver 
Cowdery, at Richmond, Missouri, 
March 3, 1850, says, "His last mo- 
ments were spent in bearing testi- 
mony of the truth of the Gospel re- 
vealed through Joseph Smith, and 
the power of the holy Priesthood 
which he had received through his 
administrations," 

Elder S. W. Richards relates the 
following: . 

"The arrival of Oliver Cowdery 
and his family at Council Bluffs from 
the east in the winter of 1848-49 
was an interesting event in the his- 
tory of the Church. With his family, 
he was on his way to the body of 
the Church located in Utah, but as 
some time must elapse before emi- 
grant trains could venture opon the 
plains, he determined to visit his 
wife's friends, the Whitmers, in Mis- 
souri. 

"While making that journey, a 
severe snow storm made it convenient 
for his family to spend several days 
with Elder Samuel W. Richards and 
family, who were temporarily re- 
siding in upper Missouri, awaiting 
the opening of the emigration season. 
That favorable opportunity was made 
the most of to discuss all matters of 
interest connected with the early 
history of the Church, with which 
Elder Cowdery was personally ac- 
quainted and Elder Richards was not. 

"His relation of events was of no 
ordinary character, maintaining un- 
equivocally all those written testi- 
monies he had furnished to theChurch 
and world in earlier days. Moroni, 
Peter, James and John, and other 



heavenly messengers, who had min- 
istered to him in connection with the 
Prophet Joseph Smith, were famil- 
iarly but sacredly spoken of, and all 
seemed fresh upon the memory as 
though but events of yesterday. His 
language was considerate, precise 
and forcible— entirely free from light- 
ness or frivolity — such as might be 
expected from one who had been 
schooled with angels and taught by 
Prophets ; more of the heavenly than 
the earthly. 
• "His only ambition seemed to be 
to give himself and the remainder of 
his life to the Church ; declared he 
was ready and willing, if desired, to 
go to the nations of the earth and 
bear his testimony of that which God 
and angels had revealed — a testimony 
in his personal experience of many 
things which no other living person 
could bear. His hopes were buoyant 
that such might be his future lot as 
cast with the Church, in the body of 
which he declared the Priesthood 
and its authority were and must con- 
tinue to be. An overruling Provi- 
dence saw fit to order otherwise. 
Soon after arriving among his rel- 
atives in Missouri, he was taken 
sick and died, in full faith and fellow- 
ship of the latter-day work, desiring 
the world might know that his tes- 
timony was of God." (Contributor, 
Vol. 5, page 446.) 

His half-sister, Lucy P. Young, 
a widow of the late Phineas H. 
Young, relates that Oliver Cowdery 
married a Miss Whitmer (a sister of 
the Whitmer brothers) in Missouri 
in 1833 ; and that just before breath- 
ing his last, he asked his attendants 
to raise him up in bed, that he might 
talk to the family and his friends, 
who were present. He then told 
them to live according to the teach- 
ings contained in the Book of Mor- 
mon, and promised them, if they 
would do this, that they would meet 
him in heaven. He then said, "Lay 
me down and let me fall asleep." 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



203 



A few moments later he died with- 
out a struggle. 

David Whitmer testified to Apos- 
tles Orson Pratt and Jos. F. Smith 
in 1878, as follows: 

"Oliver died the happiest man I 
ever saw. After shaking hands with 
the family and kissing his wife and 
daughter, he said. ' Now I lay me 
down for the last time ; I am going 
to my Savior;' and he died imme- 
diately, with a smile on his face." 
(See Mill. Star, Vol. 40, page 774.) 

In an article published in the Mill. 
Star, Vol. 48, page 420, Elder Ed- 
ward Stevenson gives the following 
testimony in relation to Oliver Cow- 
dery : 

"I have often heard him bear a 
faithful testimony to the restoration 
of the Gospel by the visitation of aQ 
angel, in whose presence he stood in 
company with the Prophet Joseph 
Smith and David Whitmer. He test- 
ified that he beheld the plates, the 
leaves being turned over by the 
angel, whose voice he heard, and i 
that they were commanded as wit- 
nesses to bear a faithful testimony 
to the world of the vision that they 
were favored to behold, and that the 
translation from the plates in the 
Book of Mormon was accpted of the 
Lord, and that it should go forth to 
the world, and no power on earth 
should stop its progress. Although 
for a time Oliver Cowdery absented 
himself from the body of the Church. 
I never have known a time when he 
faltered or was recreant to the trust 
so sacredly entrusted to him by an 
angel from heaven." 

DAVID WHITMER 

Was born at a small trading post, 
near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Jan. 
7, 1805. While yet an infant his 
father, who served his country 
ihrough the revolutionary war, re- 
moved with his family to western 
New York and settled on a farm in 
Ontario County, near Watkin'S Glen 



— at a point midway between the 
northern extremities of Lake Cayuga 
and Seneca, two miles from Water- 
loo, seven from Geneva, and twenty- 
five from Palmyra — where David 
lived until the year 1831. The father, 
who was a hard-working, God-fear- 
ing man, was a strict Presbyterian 
and brought his children up with 
rigid sectarian discipline. Besides 
a daughter who married Oliver Cow- 
der} r , there were five sons — Peter, 
Jacob, John, David and Christian — 
who helped their father on his farm 
until they had arrived at the age of 
manhood. The following is David 
Whitmer's own statement to a re- 
porter of the Kansas City Journal ; 
published June 5, 1881 : 

"I first heard of what is now 
termed Mormonism, in the year 1828. 
I made a business trip to Palmyra, 
N. Y., and while there stopped with 
one Oliver Cowdery. A great many 
people in the neighborhood were 
talking about the finding of certain 
golden plates by one Joseph Smith, 
juu., a young man of the neighbor- 
hood. Cowdery and I, as well as 
many others, talked about the matter, 
but at that time I paid but little at- 
tention to it, supposing it to be only 
the idle gossip of the neighborhood. 
Mr. Cowdery said he was acquainted 
with the Smith family, and he be- 
lieved there must be some truth in 
the story of the plates, and that he 
intended to investigate the matter. 
I had conversation with several 
young men, who said that Joseph 
Smith had certainly golden plates, 
and that before he had attained them 
he had promised to share with them, 
but had not done so, and they were 
very much incensed with him. Said 
I, 'How do you know that Joe Smith 
has the plates?' They replied, 'We 
saw the plates in the hill that he 
took them out of, just as he de- 
scribed it to us before he had ob- 
tained them.' These parties were 
so positive in their statements that 



204 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



I began to believe there must be 
some foundation for the stories 
then in circulation all over that 
part of the country. I had never 
seen any of the Smith family up 
to that time, and I began to en- 
quire of the people in regard to 
them, and learned that one night 
during the year 1823, Joseph 
Smith, jun., had a vision, and an 
angel of God appeared to him and 
told him where certain plates were 
to be found, and pointed out the 
spot to him, and that shortly after- 
ward he went to that place and 
found the plates, which were still 
in his possession. After thinking 
over the matter for a long time, 
and talking with Cowdery, who 
also gave me a history of the find- 
ing of the plates, I went home, 
and after several months, Cow- 
dery told me he was going to 
Harmony, Penn., whither Joseph 
Smith had gone with the plates, 
on account of the persecutions of 
his neighbors, and see him about 
the matter. He did go, and on 
his way he stopped f.t ray father's 
house and told me that as soon as 
he found out anything, either 
truth or untruth, he would let me 
know. After he got there he be- 
came acquainted wiih Jos. Smith, 
and shortly after wrote to me, tel- 
ling me that he was convinced that 
Smith had the records. and that he 
(^mith) had told him that it was 
the will o# heaven that he (Cow- 
dery) should be his scribe to as- 
sist in the translation of the plates. 
He went on and Joseph translated 
from the plates, and he wrote it 
down. Shortly after this, Mr. 
Cowdery wrote me another letter, 
in which he gave me a few lines 
of what they had translated, and 
he assured me that he knew of a 
certainty that he had a record of 
a people that inhabited this con- 
tinent, and that the plates they 
were translating from gave a com- 
plete history of these people. When 
Cowdery wrote me these things, 
and told me that he had revealed 
knowledge concerning the truth of 



§Sg-5s3 3 S §■!§■§■ &fl 




THE THKEE WITNESSES. 



205 



them, I showed these 
letters to ruy parents, 
and brothers and sis- 
ters. Soon after I re- 
ceived another letter 
from Cowdery, telling 
me to come down in- 
to Pennsylvania, and 
bring him and Joseph 
to my father's house, 
giving as a reason 
therefor that they had 
received a command- 
ment from God to that 
effect. I went down 
to Harmony and found 
everything just as they 
had written me. The 
next ,day after I got 
there the}' packed up 
the plates and we pro- 
ceeded on our journey 
to my father's house, 
where we arrived in 
due time, and the day 
after we commenced 
upon the translation 
of the remainder of 
the plates. I, as well 
as all of my father's 
family, Smith's wife, 
Oliver Cowdery and 
Martin Harris, were 
present during the 
translation. The trans- 
lation was by Smith, 
and the manner as fol- 
lows: 

"He had two small 
stones of a chocolate 
color, nearly egg shape, 
and perfectly smooth, 
but not transparent, 
called interpreters, 
which were given him 
with the plates. He 
did not use the plates 
in the translation, but 
would hold the inter- 
preters to his eyes and 
cover his face with a 
hat, excluding all light, 
and before his eyes 
would appear what 
seemed to be parch- 
ment, on which would 



tO lO fO tO til tO 



01 w' *> co 10 — © to oc -i 01 o> *- oo to >-» o ?o cc -i ci ss' *- co to i 



> 

> 











206 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



appear the characters of the plates 
in a line at the top, and immediately 
below would appear the translation, 
in English, which Smith would read 
to his scribe, who wrote it down ex- 
actly as it fell from his lips. The 
scribe would then read the sentence 
written, and if any mistake had been 
made, the characters would remain 
visible to Smith until corrected, when 
they faded from sight to be replaced 
by another line. The translation at 
my father's occupied about one 
month, that is from June 1 to July 1, 
1829." (See Mill. Star, Vol. 43, 
page 421, etc.) 

From the History of Joseph.Smith 
we make the following extract : 

"Shortly after commencing to 
translate, I became acquainted with 
Mr. Peter Whitmer, of Fayette, Se- 
neca Co., N. Y., and also with some 
of his family. In the beginning of 
the month of June (1829), his son 
David Whitmer came to the place, 
(Harmony) where we were residing, 
and brought with him a two-horse 
wagon, for the purpose of having us 
(Joseph Smith and his wife and 
Oliver Cowdery) accompany him to 
his father's place, and there remain 
until we should finish the work. He 
proposed that we should have our 
board free of charge, and the assist- 
ance of one of his brothers to write 
for me, as also his own assistance 
when convenient, 

''Having much need of such time- 
ly aid in an undertaking so arduous, 
and being informed that the people 
of the neighborhood were anxiously 
awaiting the opportunity to enquire 
into these things, we accepted the 
invitation and accompanied Mr. Whit- 
mer to his father's house, and there 
resided until the translation was fin- 
ished and the copyright secured. 
Upon our arrival, we found Mr. Whit- 
mer' s family very anxious concerning 
the work, and very friendly towards 
ourselves. They continued so, board- 
ed and lodged us according to pro- 
posal, and John Whitmer, in partic- 
ular, assisted us very much in writ- 
ing during the remainder of the 
work." 



In the meantime David, John and 
Peter Whitmer, jun. , became the 
Prophet's zealous friends and assist- 
ants in the work, and being anxious 
to know their respective duties, and 
having desired with much earnest- 
ness that Joseph should enquire of 
the Lord concerning them, Joseph 
did so, through the means of the 
Urim and Thummim, and obtained 
for them in succession three revela- 
tions. (See Doc. & Cov., Sec. 14, 
15 and 16.) 

In June, 1829, David Whitmer was 
baptized by Joseph Smith, in Seneca 
Lake, and was soon afterward priv- 
ileged tp behold the plates of the 
Book of Mormon as one of the Three 
Witnesses. 

After the organization of the Church 
with six members, of which David 
was one, he commenced to preach 
and accompanied the Prophet on 
several of his missionary trips to 
Colesville and other places. He also 
baptized quite a number of those 
who joined the Church at that early 
day. 

After the Prophet had moved back 
to Harmony, Hiram Page, one of the 
Eight Witnesses, got in possession 
of a stone, by which he received cer- 
tain revelations that conflicted with 
the order of the Church. The Whit- 
mer family, Oliver Cowdery and 
others believed in these spurious 
revelations, for which the Lord, 
through the Prophet, reprimanded 
David Whitmer and instructed him 
not to give "heed to those whom He 
had not appointed." (Doc. & Cov., 
Sec. 30,) 

Joseph Smith succeeded in setting 
matters right after his return to 
Fayette in August, 1830, and from 
that time until his removal to Ohio 
in the beginning of 1831, Joseph 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



Smith resided with theWhitmer fam- 
ily, which during the same year re- 
moved to Jackson County, Missouri. 
David Whitmer, who had married 
Julia A. Jolly, in 1830, located on 
the Big Blue River, at a point three 
miles east of Westport, and two years 
later shared in the persecutions 
heaped upon the Saints in that 
locality. In the fall of 1833 he was 
finally driven out of the county by 
the mob, together with the rest of 
the Saints. Next he located in Clay 
County, where he, July 3, 1834, was 
appointed President of the High 
Council, organized there by the 
Prophet. For nearly four years 
after this he acted as one of the 
leading Elders of the Church in Mis- 
souri, and after the location at Far 
"West, in Caldwell Co., he was sus- 
tained as President of the Saints 
there; but falling into. transgression, 
he was rejected as such, in a general 
conference held in Far West, Feb. 5, 
1838, and finally, April 13, 1838, he 
was excommunicated from the Church 
by the High Council, at Far West, 
the following charges having been 
sustained against him : 

"1st. For not observing the Word 
of Wisdom. 2nd. For unchristianlike 
conduct in neglecting to attend meet- 
ings, in uniting with and possessing 
the same spirit as the dissenters. 
3rd. In writing letters to the dissent- 
ers in Kirtland, unfavorable to the 
cause, and to the character of Joseph 
Smith, jun. 4th. In neglecting the 
duties of his calling, and separating 
himself from the Church, while he 
had a name among us. 5th. For 
signing himself President of the 
Church of Christ, after he had been 
cut off from the Presidenc}', in an 
insulting letter to the High Council." 

Shortly after his excommunication 
David Whitmer left Far West and 
removed to Clay County, and in the 



latter part of 1838 located in Rich- 
mond, Ray Co., where he has re- 
sided ever since. 

We introduce the following from 
a report of Apostles Orson Pratt and 
Joseph F. Smith: 

"On Saturday morning, Sept. 7, 
(1878), we met Mr. David Whitmer, 
(at Richmond, Ray Co., Mo.), the 
last remaining one of the Three Wit- 
nesses of the Book of Mormon. He 
is a good-sized man, 73 years of age 
last January, and well preserved. 
He is close shaven, his hair perfectly 
white, and rather thin ; he has a large 
head and a very pleasant, manly 
countenance that one would readily 
perceive to be an index to a con- 
scientious, honest heart. He seemed 
wonderfully pleased, as well as sur- 
prised, at seeing Elder Orson Pratt, 
and said he would not have known 
him as he had grown so fat and stout ; 
he remembered him as a slender, . 
bashful, limid boy. After a few 
moments conversation he excused 
himself, saying he would return again 
to see us. This meeting was in the 
bar-room of the hotel. When he 
called again he was in company with 
Col. Childs, a middle aged man, and 
a resident of the place. By invita- 
tion we accompanied them to Mr. 
Whitmer' s office, where we were in- 
troduced to Mr. David J. Whitmer 
(eldest son of David), Mr. George 
Schweich ( grandson of the old gentle- 
man), Mr. John C. Whitmer (son 
of Jacob Whitmer), Col. James W. 
Black, of Richmond, and several 
others. A couple of hours were very 
pleasantly passed in conversation, 
principally on Utah matters, when 
we parted for dinner, agreeing to 
meet Mr. Whitmer again at his office, 
at 4.30 p. m. 

"Agreeable to appointment we met 
Mr. Whitmer and his friends, at his 
office, but as the place was too public 
for private conversation and as it 
seemed impossible to obtain a private 
personal interview with David Whit- 
mer, by himself, we invited him and 
such of his friends as he saw proper 
to fetch along to our room in the 



208 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



hotel. Mr. Whitmer apologized for 
not inviting us to his house, as it was 
'wash day,' and he and his wife 
were 'worn out' with the extra 
labor, exposure, etc., etc., conse- 
quent on rebuilding since the cy- 
clone. He accepted our invitation 
to our room and brought with him 
James R. B. Vancleave, a fine look- 
ing, intelligent, young newspaper 
man, of Chicago, George Schweich, 
John C. Whitmer, W. W. Warner and 
another person whose name we did 
not learn. In the presence of these 
the following, in substance, as no- 
ticed in Brother Joseph F. Smith's 
journal, is the account of the inter- 
view : * * * 

"Elder O. Pratt to David Whit- 
mer. Do you remember what time 
you saw the plates? 

"D. Whitmer. It was in June, 
1829, the latter part of the month, 
and the eight witnesses saw them, I 
think, the next day or the day after 
(i. e. one or two days after). Joseph 
showed them the plates himself, but 
the angel showed us (the Three Wit- 
nesses) the plates, as I suppose to 
fulfill the words of the book itself. 
Martin Harris was not with us at this 
time ; he obtained a view of them 
afterwards (the same day). Joseph, 
Oliver and myself were together 
when I saw them. We not only saw 
the plates of the Book of liormon, 
but also the brass plates, the plates 
of the Book of Ether, the plates con- 
taining the records of the wickedness 
and secret combinations of the people 
of the world down to the time of 
their being engraved, and many 
other plates. The fact is, it was just 
as though Joseph, Oliver and I were 
sitting just here on a log, when we 
were overshadowed by a light. It 
was not like the light of the sun, nor 
like that of a fire, but more glorious 
and beautiful. It extended away 
round us, I cannot tell how far, but 
in the midst of this light about as 
far off as he sits (pointing to John 
C. Whitmer, sitting a few feet from 
him , there appeared, as it were, a 
table with many records or plates 
upon it, besides the plates of the 



Book of Mormon, also the sword of 
Laban, the directors (i. e., the ball 
which Lehi had i and the interpreters. 
1 saw them just as plain as I see 
this bed (striking the bed beside 
him with his hand), and I heard the 
voice of the Lord, as distinctly as I 
ever heard an3 r thing in my life, de- 
claring that the records of the plates 
of the Book of Mormon were trans- 
lated by the gift and power of 
God. 

"Elder O. Pratt. Did you see the 
angel at this time? 

"D. Whitmer. Yes; he stood be- 
fore us. Our testimony as recorded 
in the Book of Mormon is strictly 
and absolutely true, just as it is there 
written. Before I knew Joseph, I 
had heard about him and the plates 
from persons who declared they knew 
he had them, and swore they would 
get them from him. When Oliver 
Cowdery went to Pennsylvania, he 
promised to write me what he should 
learn about these matters, which he 
did. He wrote me that Joseph had 
told him his (Oliver's secret thoughts, 
and all he had meditated about going 
to see him, which no man on earth 
knew, as he supposed, but himself, 
and so he stopped to write for Jo- 
seph. Soon after this, Joseph sent for 
me (D. Whitmer) to come to Har- 
mony to get him and Oliver and 
bring them to my father's house. I 
did not know what to do, I was 
pressed with my work. 1 had some 
20 acres to plow, so I concluded I 
would finish plowing and then go. I 
got up one morning to go to work as 
usual, and on going to the field, 
found between five and seven acres 
of my ground had been plowed dur- 
ing the night. I don't know who did 
it ; but it was done just as I would 
have done it myself, and the plow 
was left standing in the furrow. 
This enabled me to start sooner. 
When I arrived at Harmony, Joseph 
and Oliver were coming toward me, 
and met me some distance from the 
house. Oliver told me that Joseph 
had informed him when 1 started 
fyom home, where I had stopped the 
first night, how I read the sign at 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



209 



the tavern, where I stopped the next 
night, etc., and that I would be there 
that day before dinner, and this was 
why they had come out to meet me ; 
all of which was exactly as Joseph 
had told Oliver, at which I was 
greatly astonished. When I was 
returning to Fayette, with Joseph 
and Oliver, all of us riding in the 
wagon, Oliver and I on an old- 
fashioned wooden spring seat and 
Joseph behind us — when traveling 
along in a clear open place, a very 
pleasant, nice-looking old man sud- 
denly appeared by the side of our 
wagon and saluted us with, 'good 
morning, it is very warm,' at the 
same time wiping his face or fore- 
head with his hand. We returned 
the salutation, and, by a sign from 
Joseph, I invited him to ride if he 
was going our w r ay. But he said 
very pleasantly, 'No, I am going to 
Cumorah.' This name was some- 
thing new to me, I did not know 
what Cumorah meant. We all gazed 
at him and at each other, and as I 
looked around enquiringly of Joseph, 
the old man instantly disappeared, 
so that I did not see him again. 

"Joseph F. Smith. Did 3-011 notice 
his appearance? 

"D. Whitmer. I should think I 
did. He was, I should think, about 
five feet eight or nine inches tall and 
heavy set, about such a man as James 
Vancleave there, but heavier ; his 
face was as large ; he was dressed in 
a suit of brown woolen clothes, his 
hair and beard were white, like 
Brother Pratt's, but his beard was 
not so heavy. I also remember that 
he had on his back a sort of knap- 
sack with something in, shaped like 
a book. It was the messenger who 
had the plates, who had taken them 
from Joseph just prior to our start- 
ing from Harmony. Soon after our 
arrival home, I saw something which 
led me to the belief that the plates 
were placed or concealed in my 
father's barn. I frankly asked Jo- 
seph if my supposition was right, 
and he told me it was. Sometime 
after this, my mother was going to 
milk the cows, when she was met out 



near the yard by the same old man, 
(judging by her description of him), 
who said to her: 'You have been 
very faithful and diligent in your 
labors, but you are tired because of 
the increase of your toil ;it is proper, 
therefore, that you should receive a 
witness that 3-our faith may be 
strengthened." Thereupon he show- 
ed her the plates. My father and 
mother had a large family of their 
own, the addition to it, therefore, of 
Joseph, his wife Emma and Oliver 
very greatly increased the toil and 
anxiety of my mother. And al- 
though she had never complained she 
had sometimes felt that her labor 
was too much, or at least she was 
perhaps beginning to feel so. This 
circumstance, however, completely 
removed all such feelings and nerved 
her up for her increased responsibili- 
ties. * * * 

"Elder O. Pratt. Have you in your 
possession the original manuscript of 
the Book of Mormon? 

"D. Whitmer. I have; they are 
in O. Cowdery's handwriting." He 
placed them in my care at his death, 
and charged me to preserve them as 
long as I lived ; they are safe and 
well preserved. 

"J. F. Smith. What will be done 
with them at your death ? 

"D. Whitmer. I will leave them 
to my nephew, David Whitmer, son 
of my brother Jacob, and my name- 
sake. 

"O. Pratt. Would you not part 
with them to a purchaser? 

"D. Whitmer. Xo. Oliver charged 
me to keep them, and Joseph said 
my fathers' s house should keep the 
records. I consider these things 
sacred, and would not part with nor 
barter them for money. 

"J. F. Smith. We would not offer 
you money in the light of bartering 
for the manuscript, but we would 
like to see them preserved in some 
manner where they would be safe 
from casualties and from the caprices 
of men, in some institution that will 
not die as man does. 

"D. Whitmer. That is all right. 
While camping around here in a 



210 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



tent, all my effects exposed to the 
weather, everything in the trunk 
where the manuscripts were kept be- 
came mouldy, etc., but they were 
preserved, not even being discolored. 
(We supposed his camping in a tent, 
etc., had reference to his circum- 
stances after the cyclone, in June 
last. The room in which the man- 
uscripts were kept, was the only 
part of the house which was not 
demolished, and even the ceiling of 
that room was but little-impaired. 

'Do you think,' said Phil. Page, 
a son of Hiram Page, one of the 
Eight Witnesses, 'that the Almighty 
cannot take care of his own !' 

"Next day (Sunday Sept. 8th) Mr. 
Whitmer invited us to his house, 
where, in the presence of David 
Whitmer, Esq., (son of Jacob), Phi- 
lander Page, J. R. B. Vancleave. 
David J. Whitmer (son of David the 
Witness), George Schweich (grand- 
son of David), Colonel Childs and 
others, David Whitmer brought out 
the manuscripts of the Book of Mor- 
mon. We examined them closely 
and those who knew the handwriting 
pronounced the whole of them, ex- 
cepting comparatively a few pages, 
to be in the handwriting of Oliver 
Cowdery. It was thought that these 
few pages were in the handwriting 
of Emma Smith and John and Chris- 
tian Whitmer. 

"We found that the names of the 
Eleven Witnesses were, however, 
subscribed in the handwriting of 
Oliver Cowdery. When the question 
was asked Mr. Whitmer if he and 
the other witnesses did or did not 
sign the testimonies themselves, Mr. 
Whitmer replied that each signed his 
own name. 'Then where are the 
original signatures?' D. Whitmer T 
don't know, I suppose Oliver copied 
them, but this I know is an exact 
copy.' * 

"Joseph F. Smith suggested that 
perhaps there were two copies of the 
manuscripts, but Mr. Whitmer re- 
plied that, according to the best of 
his knowledge, there never was but 
the one copy. Herein, of course, he 
is evidently uninformed. 



"Elder O. Pratt again felt closely 
after the subject of procuring the 
manuscripts, but we found that noth- 
ing would move him on this point. 
The whole Whitmer family are deeply 
impressed with the sacredness of 
this relic. And so thoroughly im- 
bued are they with the idea and faith 
that it is under the immediate pro- 
tection of the Almighty, that in their 
estimation, not only are the man- 
uscripts themselves safe from all 
possible contingencies, but that they 
are a source of protection to the 
place or house in which they may be 
kept, and, it may be to those who 
have possession of them. Another 
reason why they cling to this relic is 
that David Whitmer has reorganized 
the 'Church of Christ' with six Elders 
and two priests, after the pattern of 
the first organization, the two priests, 
as we suppose, representing Joseph 
and Oliver as holding the Aaronic 
Priesthood from the hand of John 
the Baptist. David and John Whit- 
mer were two of these six Elders, 
four others, viz. John C. Whitmer, 
W. W. Warren, Philander Page and 
John Short, having been ordained by 
David and John. And as the recent 
death of John has diminished the 
number to five Elders it would be 
interesting to know if, according to 
their strict construction, the vacancy 
can be filled. Their creed is to 
preach nothing but the Bible and the 
Book of Mormon." 

The following was published in the 

Richmond (Mo.) Conservator of 

March 25, 1881: 

" Unto all Nations, Kindreds, Tongues and 
People, unto whom these presents shall 
come: 

"It having been represented by one John 
Murphy, of Polo, Caldwell County, Mis- 
souri, that I, in a conversation with bim last 
summer, denied my testimony as one of the 
Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon. 

"To the end, therefore, that he may under- 
stand me now, if he did not then; and that 
the world may know the truth, I wish now, 
standing as it were, in the very sunset of 
life, and in the fear of God, once for all to 
make this public statement: 

"That I have never at any time denied that 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



211 



testimony or any part thereof, which has so 
long since been published with that book, 
as one of the Three Witnesses. Those who 
know me best well know that I have always 
adhered to that testimony. And that no 
man may be misled or doubt my present 
views in regard to the same, I do again 
affirm the truth of all my statements as then 
made and published. 

"'He that hath an ear to hear, let him 
hear;' it was no delusion; what is written is 
written, and he that readeth let him under- 
stand. * * * 

"'And if any man doubt, should he not 
carefully and honestly read and understand 
the same before presuming to sit in judg- 
ment and condemning the light, which 
shineth in darkness, and showeth the way 
of eternal life as pointed out by the unerring 
hand of God?' 

"In the Spirit of Christ, who hath said: 
'Follow thou me, for I am the life, the light 
and the way,' I submit this statement to the 
world; God in whom I trust being my judge 
•as to the sincerity of my motives and the 
faith and hope that is in me of eternal life. 

"My sincere desire is that the world may 
be benefited by this plain and simple state- 
ment of the truth. 

"And all the honor to the Father, the Son, 
and the Holy Ghost, which is one God. 
Amen ! David Whitmer, sen. 

Richmond, Mo., March 19, 1881. 

"We, the undersigned citizens of Rich- 
mond, Ray County, Mo., where David Whit- 
mer, sen., has resided since the year A. D. 
1838, certify that we have been long and in- 
timately acquainted with him and know him 
to be a man of the highest integrity, and of 
undoubted truth and veracity. 

"Given at Richmond, Mo., this March 20, 
A D. 1881. 

"A. W. Doniphan. 

"Geo. W. Dunn, Judge of the Fifth Judi- 
cal Circuit. 

"T. D. Woodson, President of Ray Co. 
Savings Bank. 

"J. T. Child, Editor of Conservator. 

"H. C. Garner, Cashier of Ray Co. Sav- 
ings Bank. 

"W. A. Holman, County Treasurer. 

"J. S. Hughes, Banker, Richmond. 

"D. P. Whitmer, Attorney-at-law. 

"J. W. Black, Attorney-at-law. 

"L. C. Cantwell, Postmaster, Richmond. 

"Geo. I. Wasson, Mayor. 

"James A. Davis, County Collector. 

"C. J. Hughes, Probate Judge and Pres- 
iding Judge of Ray County Court. 

"Geo. W. Trigg, County Clerk. 

"W. W. Mosby, M. D. 



"Thos. McGinnis, ex-Sheriff, Ray County. 

"J. P. Quesenberry, Merchant. 

"W. R. Holman, Furniture Merchant. 

"Lewis Slaughter, Recorder of Deeds. 

"Geo. W. Buchanan, M. D. 

"A. K. Reyburn." 

The Conservator made the follow- 
ing editorial comments on the ' notice. ' 

"Elsewhere we publish a letter 
from David Whitmer, sen., an old 
and well known citizen of Ray, as 
well as an endorsement of his stand- 
ing as a man, signed by a number of 
the leading citizens of this commun- 
ity, in reply to some unwarranted 
aspersions made upon him. 

"There is no doubt that Mr. Whit- 
mer, who was one of the Three Wit- 
nesses of the authenticity of the gold 
plates, from which he asserts that 
Joe Smith translated the Book of 
Mormon (a fac simile of the char- 
acters he now has in his possession 
with the original records), is firmly 
convinced of its divine origin, and 
while he makes no efforts to obtrude 
his views or belief, he simply wants 
the world to know that so far as he 
is concerned there is no 'variable- 
ness or shadow of turning.' Having 
resided here for near a half of a 
century, it is with no little pride that 
he points to his past record, with the 
consciousness that he has done noth- 
ing derogatory to his character as a 
citizen and a believer in the son of 
Mary to warrant such an attack on 
him, come from what source it may, 
and now, with the lilies of seventy- 
five winters crowning him like an 
aureole, and his pilgrimage on earth 
well nigh ended, he reiterates his 
former statements and will leave 
futurity to solve the problem that he 
was but a passing witness of its ful- 
filment." 

Elder Edward Stevenson in a letter 
dated Feb. 16, 1886, and addressed 
to Pres. D. H. Wells, writes: 

"After my visit to Independence 
I took a rundown to Lexington Junc- 
tion, 42 miles from Kansas City, and 
up the Lexington Railroad five miles 
to Richmond, Ray Count}', Mo., and 



212 



THZ THREE WITNESSES. 



called on David Whitmer. desiring 
to see once more the only surviving 
witness of the visitation of the angel 
who commanded him with others to 
bear record of the truth of the com- 
ing forth of the Book of Mormon 
and this Gospel dispensation of the 
nineteenth century. Eight years ago 
I visited him, and 52 years ago I 
heard him bear his testimony, as also 
Oliver Cowdery and Martin Harris, 
when I was only a boy 14 years of 
age, and I am a witness that each 
time their testimony has been by the 
power of God. that thrills through 
the whole system like a two-edged 
sword. David "Whitmer is now just 
past 81 3 T ears of age, and only by a 
hair's breadth has escaped from a 
death bed. He is very feeble, his 
frame weighing less then one hun- 
dred pounds. In this his last testi- 
mony he said to me, 'As sure as the 
sun shines and I live, just so sure 
did the angel appear unto me and 
Joseph Smith, and I heard his voice, 
and did see the angel standing be- 
fore us, and on a table were the 
plates, the sword of Laban, and the 
ball or compass.' Although so 
weak and feeble, yet he fired up, so 
that after a time I was necessarily 
obliged to check him and let him 
rest, while in turn I talked to him." 

For further information in rela- 
tion to David Whitmer, the reader 
is referred to the Mill. Star, Vol. 45, 
page 538; Vol. 48, pages 35, 341, 
420, 436. etc. 

MARTIN HARRIS, 
"Was born May 18, 1783, in East- 
town, Saratoga Co., New York, and 
moved with his father's family in 
his ninth year to the town of Palmj-ra, 
Wayne G'o. In the fall of 1827 he 
made the acquaintance of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, who at that time was 
severely persecuted by his enemies, 
he having received from the angel 
Moroni the holy plates, from which 
the Book of Mormon afterwards was 
translated. Martin Harris made Jo- 



seph a present of fifty dollars, which 
enabled the latter to remove from 
Manchester, N. Y., to Pennsjdvania. 

In February, 1828. Martin Harris 
visited Joseph Smith at his tem- 
porary home in Harmony, Penn. The 
latter had copied some of the ancient 
characters from the plates and trans- 
lated them, which he gave to Martin 
Harris, who made a visit to New 
York City and showed the characters 
with their translation to the celebrat- 
ed Prof. Anthon, skilled in ancient 
and modern languages. The learned 
professor, after examination, spoke 
favorably of the characters and of 
the translation and proffered his as- 
sistance ; but on learning from Mr. 
Harris that the book was given to 
Joseph Smith by an angel and that 
a part of the book was sealed, etc, 
he sarcastically remarked that 'he 
could not read a sealed book,' and 
then demanded back a certificate, 
which he had given to Mr. Harris, 
testifying to the correctness of the 
translation. After getting it back 
he tore it to pieces. Mr. Harris then 
went to Dr. Mitchell, another man of 
learning, who sanctioned what Pro- 
fessor Anthon had said respecting 
both the characters and the transla- 
tion. 

Martin Harris having returned 
from his tour to New York City and 
reported the incidents of his journey 
to the Prophet, went home to Pal- 
myra, arranged his affairs and re- 
turned again to Joseph in Pennsyl- 
vania about the 12th of April, 1828. 
Immediately after his arrival he com- 
menced to write for the Prophet, 
thus becoming his first scribe. Jo- 
seph translated from the plates and 
Martin Harris wrote after his dicta- 
tion, which work they continued un- 
til the 14th of June following, by 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



213 



which time 116 pages of manuscript 
were written on foolscap paper. The 
Prophet writes: 

"Some time after Mr. Harris had 
begun to write for me, he began to 
teaze me to give him liberty to carry 
the writings home and show them ; 
and desired of me that I would in- 
quire of the Lord, through the Urim 
and Thiimmim, if he might not do 
so. I did inquire, and the answer 
was, that he must not. However, 
he was not satisfied with this answer, 
and desired that I should inquire 
again. I did so, and the answer was 
as before. Still he could not be con- 
tented, but insisted that I should in- 
quire once more. After much soli- 
citation I again inquired of the Lord, 
and permission was granted him to 
have the writings on certain condi- 
tions, which were, that he show them 
only to his brother Preserved Harris, 
his own wife, his father and his 
mother, and a Mrs. Cobb, a sister 
to his wife. In accordance with this 
last answer, I required of him that 
he should bind himself in a covenant 
to me in the most solemn manner, 
that he would not do otherwise than 
he had been directed. He did so. 
He bound himself as I required of 
him, took the writings, and went his 
way. 

"Notwithstanding, however, the 
great restrictions which he had been 
laid under, and the solemnity of the 
covenant which he had made with 
me, he did shew them to others, and 
by stratagem they got them away 
from him, and they never have been 
recovered nor obtained back again 
unto this day." 

For these doings Martin Harris 
was severely censured and called a 
"wicked man" in a revelation given 
through the Prophet shortly after- 
wards (Doc. & Cov. , Sec. 3); and 
the Lord would not permit Joseph 
Smith to translate that part of the 
record again, because of the cunning 
and evil designs of wicked men. 
(Doc. & Cov., Sec. 10.) 



After the Prophet's removal to 
Fayette in the summer of 1829, 
Martin Harris again visited him and 
was permitted to be one of the Three 
Witnesses. Subsequently he furnish- 
ed $3,000 towards the expenses of 
printing the first edition of the book. 

He was baptized shortly after the 
organization of the Church, and in 
June, 1831, was called by revelation 
to accompany the Prophet Joseph 
and other Elders to Missouri. (Doc. 
& Cov., Sec. 52.) He started on 
this journey on the 19th of June, 
and when Jackson County, Mo., two 
months later, was designated by the 
mouth of the Lord as a gathering 
place for the Saints— as the land upon 
which the new Jerusalem should be 
built, and where a full consecration 
of all properties should be required 
and the holy United Order of God 
established — Martin Harris was the 
first one called of God by name to 
set an example before the Church in 
laying his money before the Bishop. 
(Doc. & Cov., Sec. 58, Verse 35.) 

He was a member of the first High 
Council of the Church, which was 
organized in Kirtland, Ohio, Feb. 17. 
1834, and in 1835 he assisted in 
electing, ordaining and instructing 
the twelve Elders, who were called 
to constitute the first quorum of 
Twelv^ Apostles in this dispensa- 
tion. 

As long as the Saints remained in 
Kirtland, he continued active and 
assisted in the public labors of the 
Church, but when the Saints vacated 
that place and removed to Missouri 
Martin Harris remained in Ohio. 
This gave rise to many conjectures 
that he had apostatized. But not- 
withstanding his long absence from 
the head-quarters of the Church, he 
never faltered nor swerved in the 



214 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



least degree from the great testi- 
mony given in the Book of Mormon. 
It is true that he went to England in 
1846, while under the influence of 
the apostate James J. Strang, osten- 
sibly for the purpose of opposing the 
Elders laboring there, but he re- 
turned to America without doing any 
harm to anybody, except, perhaps, 
to himself. (Mill. Star, Vol. 8, 
pages 124 and 128.) 

After residing for man}- years in 
Kirtland, Ohio, he finally migrated 
to Utah, arriving in Salt Lake City 
Aug. 30, 1870, in care of Elder 
Edward Stevenson. He located in 
Smithfield, Cache Co., and. later in 
Clarkston, where he died July 10, 
1875, being nearly ninety-three years 
of age. 

A few hours before his death, when 
prostrated with great weakness, 
Bishop Simon Smith came into his 
room ; Martin Harris stretched forth 
his hands to salute him and said, 
"Bishop, I am going." The Bishop 
told him that he had something of 
importance to tell him in relation to 
the Book of Mormon, which was to 
be published in the Spanish language, 
by the request of Indians in Central 
America. Upon hearing this, Martin 
Harris brightened up, his pulsation 
improved, and, although very # weak, 
he began to talk as he formerly had 
done previous to his sickness. He 
conversed for about two hours, and 
it seemed that the mere mention of 
the Book of Mormon put new life 
into him. 

His son Martin Harris, jun., in a 
letter addressed to Pres. Geo. A. 
Smith and dated Clarkston, July 9, 
1875, says : 

"He (Martin Harris) was taken 
sick a week ago yesterday, with some 
kind of a stroke, or life became so 



weak and exhausted, that he has no 
use in his limbs. He cannot move, 
only by our aid. * * * He 
has continued to talk about and 
testify to the truth of the Book of 
Mormon, and was in his happiest 
mood when he could get somebody 
to listen to his testimony ; if he felt 
dull and weary at times, and some 
one would come in and open up a 
conversation and give him an oppor- 
tunity of talking, he would imme- 
diately revive and feel like a yoang 
man for a little while. We begin to 
think that he has borne his last testi- 
mony. The last audible words he 
has spoken were something about 
the Three Witnesses of the Book of 
Mormon, but we could not under- 
stand what it was." 

At his funeral every respect that 
could be paid to him was manifested 
by the people. In dressing him, a 
Book of Mormon was put in his 
right hand and the book of Doctrine 
and Covenants in his left hand. On 
the head board of his grave was 
placed his name, date and place of 
his birth and death, with the words, 
"One of the witnesses of the Book 
of Mormon." Also their testimony. 

From a letter of Elder Edward 
Stevenson, dated Salt Lake City, 
Nov. 30, 1881, and published in the 
Mitt. Star, Vol. 44, page 78, 
etc., we make the following interest- 
ing extracts in relation to Martin 
Harris : 

"While I was living in Michigan, 
then a Territor}-, in 1833. near the 
town of Pontiac, Oakland Co., Mar- 
tin Harris came there, an'J in a meet- 
ing, where I was present, bore testi- 
mony of the appearance of an angel 
exhibiting the golden plates, and 
commanding him to bear a testimony 
of these things to all people when- 
ever opportunity was afforded him 
to do so ; and I can say that his testi- 
mon}' had great effect in that vicin- 
ity. Martin had a sister living in 
our neighborhood. About this tim 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



215 



Oliver Cowdery, another of the 
Three Witnesses, also, in company 
with Joseph Smith, the Prophet, bore 
the same testimony, and further, 
Joseph, the Prophet, promised those 
who with honest hearts obeyed the 
Gospel should receive the Holy Ghost, 
and signs would follow them. 

"As a proof of their testimony, 
several of that branch of the Church 
enjoyed various gifts ; one, Elijah 
Fordham, who recently died in this 
Territory, spoke in tongues, and as 
two French travelers were passing 
they heard him speaking aud said to 
a boy outside the house, where they 
were, that he was speaking in French, 
bearing testimony to the Gospel, he 
having no knowledge of that lan- 
guage. Martin often bore his testi- 
mony while in that neighborhood. 

"In the year 1869 1 was appointed 
on a mission to the United States. 
Having visited several of the Eastern 
States, I called at Kirtland, Ohio, to 
see the first Temple that was built 
by our people in this generation. 
While there, I again met Martin Har- 
ris, soon after coming out of the 
Temple. He took from under his 
arm a copy of the Book of Mormon, 
the first edition, I believe, and bore 
a faithful testimony, just the same 
as that I heard him bear 36 years 
previous. He said that it was his 
dutj' to continue to lift up his voice 
as he had been commanded to do in 
defence of the book that he held in 
his hand, and offered to prove from 
the Bible that just such a book was 
to come forth out of the ground, and 
that, too, in a day when there were 
no Prophets on the earth, and that 
he was daily bearing testimony to 
many who visited the Temple. 

"After patiently hearing him, I felt 
a degree of compassion for him, and 
in turn bore my testimony to him, 
as I had received it through obedi- 
ence to the Gospel, and that the 
work was still onward, and the words 
of Isaiah, second chapter, were be- 
ing fulfilled, that 'the house of the 
Lord' was in the tops of the moun- 
tains, and that under the leadership 
of President Young all nations were 



gathering to Zion to learn of God's 
ways and to walk in his paths, and 
that the worst wish that we had, was 
for him to also prepare himself and 
go up and be a partaker of the bless- 
ings of the House of the Lord. My 
testimony impressed him. A Mr. 
Bond, who held the keys of the 
Temple, and who had been present 
at the dedication, and then a faithful 
Latter-day Saint, said to me he felt 
as though he would have been far 
better off if he had kept with the 
Latter-day Saints, and that if I would 
preach in the Temple, he would open 
the doors to me. I promised to do 
so at some future time. 

"After my arrival in Utah in 1870, 
I was inspired to write to Martin 
Harris, and soon received a reply, 
that the Spirit of God, for the first 
time prompted him to go to Utah. 
Several letters were afterwards ex- 
changed. Pres. Brigham Young, 
having read the letters, through Pres. 
Geo. A, Smith requested me to get 
up a subscription and emigrate Mar- 
tin to Utah, he subscribing twenty- 
five dollars for that purpose. Hav- 
ing raised the subscription to about 
two hundred dollars, I took the rail- 
road cars for Ohio, on the 19th of 
July, 1870, and on the 10th of 
August, filled my appointment, 
preaching twice in the Kirtland 
Temple, finding Martin Harris elated 
with his prospective journey. 

"A very singular incident occurred 
at this time. While Martin was visit- 
ing his friends, bidding them fare- 
well, his pathway crossed a large 
pasture, in which he became bewil- 
dered. Dizzy, faint and staggering 
through the blackberry vines that • 
are so abundant in that vicinity, his 
clothes torn, bloody and faint, he lay 
down under a tree to die. After a 
time he revived, called on the Lord, 
and finally at 12 o'clock midnight 
found his friend, and in his fearful 
condition was cared for and soon j? 
regained his strength. He related 
this incident as a snare of the ad- 
versary to hinder him from going to 
Salt Lake City. Although in his 
88th year he possessed remarkable 



216 



TBE THREE WITNESSES. 



vigor and health, having recently 
worked in the garden, and dug po- 
tatoes by the day for some of his 
neighbors. 

"After visiting New York and call- 
ing to visit the sacred spot from 
where the plates of the Book of Mor- 
mon were taken, I found there an 
aged gentleman, 74 years old, who 
knew Martin Harris, and said that 
he was known in that neighborhood 
as an honest farmer, having owned 
a good farm three miles from that 
place. He farther said he well 
remembered the time when the Mor- 
mons used to gather at Mormon Hill, 
as he termed it, where it was said 
the plates came from. 

"Aug. 19, 1870, in company with 
Martin Harris, I left Kirtland for 
Utah, and on the 21st he was with 
me in Chicago, and at the American 
Hotel bore testimony to a large num- 
ber of people, of the visitation of 
the angel, etc. * 

"While in Des Moines, the capitol 
of Iowa, Brother Harris had oppor- 
tunity of bearing testimony to many, 
and at a special meeting held in a 
brancli of our Church (Brother Jas. 
M. Ballinger, President) Martin Har- 
ris bore testimony as to viewing the 
plates, the angel's visit, and visiting 
Professor Anthon. 

"On the following day I baptized 
a sister to Pres. Ballinger, in the Des 
Moines River. The branch here con- 
tributed a new suit of clothes to 
Brother Harris, for which he felt to 
bless them. On the 29th of August 
we arrived in Ogden, and the follow- 
ing clay in Salt Lake City. Two 
members of the Des Moines branch 
of the Church accompanied us to 
Utah." 

On Sunday, Sept. 4, 1870, Martin 
Harris addressed a congregation of 
Saints in Salt Lake City. He related 
an incident which occurred during the 
time that he wrote that portion of 
the translation of the Book of Mor- 
mon which he was favored to write 
direct from the mouth of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, and said that the 



Prophet possessed a seer stone, by 
which he was enabled to translate 
as well as from the Urim and Thum- 
mim, and for convenience he then 
used the seer stone. Martin ex- 
plained the translation as follows: 
By aid of the seer stone, sentences 
would appear and were read by the 
Prophet and written by Martin, and 
when finished he would say, "Writ- 
ten," and if correctly written, that 
sentence would disappear and an- 
other appear in its place ; but if not 
written correctly it remained until 
corrected, so that the translation was 
just as it was engraven on the plates, 
precisely in the language then used. 
Martin said that after continued 
translation they would become weary, 
and would go down to the river and 
exercise by throwing stones out on 
the river, etc. While so doing, on 
one occasion, Martin Harris found a 
stone very much resembling the one 
used for translating, and on resum- 
ing their labor of translation, he put 
in place the stone that he had found. 
He said that the Prophet remained 
silent, unusually and intently gazing 
in darkness, no traces of the usual 
sentences appearing. Much sur- 
prised, Joseph exclamed, "Martin! 
What is the matter ! All is as dark 
as Egypt!" Martin's countenance 
betrayed him, and the Prophet asked 
Martin why he had done so. Martin 
said, to stop the mouths of fools, 
who had told him that the Prophet 
had learned those sentences and was 
merely repeating them, etc. 

Martin said further that the seer 
stones differed in appearance en- 
tirely from the Urim and Thummim 
obtained with the plates, which were 
two clear stones set in two rims, 
very much resembling spectacles, 
only they were larger. Martin said, 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



217 



there were not many pages tran- 
. slated while he wrote, after which 
Oliver Cowdery and others did the 
writing. 

In an article written by Elder Ed- 
ward Stevenson and published in the 
Mill. Star, Vol. 48, pages 367 and 
389, the following additional par- 
ticulars are given : 

"Many interesting incidents were 
related by Martin on our journey 
(from Ohio to Utah in 1870), one of 
which I (Stevenson) will relate. He 
said that on one occasion several of 
his old acquaintances made an effort 
to get him tipsy by treating him to 
some wine. When they thought he 
was in a good mood for talk, they put 
the following question very carefully 
to him • 'Well, now, Martin, we want 
you to be frank and candid with us 
in regard to this story of your see- 
ing an angel and the golden plates 
of the Book of Mormon that is so 
much talked about. We have always 
taken you to be an honest, good 
farmer and neighbor of ours, but 
could not believe that you ever did 
see an angel. Now, Martin, do you 
really believe that 3 r ou did see an 
angel when you were awake?' 'No,' 
said Martin, 'I do not believe it.' 
The anticipation of the delighted 
crowd at this exclamation ma}- be 
imagined. But soon a different feel- 
ing prevailed, when Martin Harris, 
true to his trust, said, 'Gentlemen, 
what I have said is true, from the 
fact that my belief is swallowed up 
in knowledge ; for I want to say to 
you that as the Lord lives I do know 
that I stood with the Prophet Joseph 
Smith in the presence of the angel, 
and it was in the brightness of day.' 
Martin Harris related this circum- 
stance to me substantially as I give 
it, adding that, although he drank 
wine with them as friends, he al- 
wa}'s believed in temperance and 
sobrietj T . 

"While on our journey, and more 
particularly at the Des Moines River, 
at the baptism of the woman spoken 
of, I took occasion to teach Brother 



, Martin the necessity of his being re- 
baptized. At first he did not seem 
to agree with the idea, but I referred 
him to the scriptural words, 'Repent 
and do the first works,' having lost 
the first love, etc. (Rev., 2, 5.) 
Finally, he said if it was right, the 
Lord would manifest it to him by 
His spirit, and He did do so, for 
Martin, soon after his arrival in Salt 
Lake City, came to my house and 
said the spirit of the Lord had made 
it manifest to him, not onl}- for him- 
self personally, but also that he 
should be baptized for his dead, for 
he had seen his father seeking his 
aid. He saw his father at the foot 
of a ladder, striving to get up to him, 
and he went down to him taking him 
by the hand and helped him up. 
The baptismal font was prepared, 
and by arrangement I led Martin 
Harris down into the water and re- 
baptized him. Five of the Apostles 
were present, viz., John Taylor, Wil- 
ford Woodruff, Orson J^ratt, Geo. A. 
Smith and Joseph F. Smith; also J. 
D. T. McAllister and others. After 
baptism, Orson Pratt confirmed him, 
being joined with the rest of the 
brethren, bj-the laying on of hands; 
after which he was baptized for some 
of his dead friends, and to add to 
the interest of the occasion, Martin's 
sister also was baptized for their 
female friends. * I 

wish to add that Brother Harris 
having been away from the Church 
so many years did not understand 
more than the first principles taught 
in the infantile days of the Church, 
which accounts for his not being 
posted in the doctrine of the Gospel 
being preached to the spirits who are 
departed, which was afterwards 
taught b t y Joseph Smith, the Proph- 
et. * * * 

"The economy of Martin Harris 
was particularly illustrated on the 
occasion of our visit to the Fifteenth 
Ward of Salt Lake City. The meet- 
ing was crowded, as usual, with those 
anxious to see him and to hear his 
constant, undeviating testimony. Sis- 
ter S. M. Kimball, of the Fifteenth 
Ward, eminent in the Relief Societies, 



218 



THE THREE WITNESSES. 



on their behalf offered to have a new 
set of artificial teeth made for Brother 
Harris, to which he replied, 'No, 
sisters, I thank you for your kind- 
ness, but I shall not live long. Take 
the money and give it to the poor.' 
This calls to my mind a little incident 
or two that he related to me while 
we were on our journey from Ohio 
to Utah. He said that Joseph Smith, 
the Prophet, was very poor, and had 
to work by the day for his support, 
and he (Harris) often gave him work 
on his farm, and that they had hoed 
corn together many a day, Brother 
Harris paying him fifty cents per 
day. Joseph, he said, was good to 
work and jovial and they often 
wrestled together in sport, but the 
Prophet was devoted and attentive 
to his prayers. 

"Brother Martin Harris gave Jo- 
Joseph $50 on one occasion to help 
translate the Book of Mormon. This 
action on the part of Martin Harris, 
so displeased his wife that she 
threatened to leave him. Martin said 
that he knew this to be the work of 
God, and that he should keep the 
commandments of the Lord, what- 
ever the results might be. His wife, 
subsequently, partially separated 
from him, which he patiently en- 
dured for the Gospel's sake. * * * 

"At an evening visit of some of 
my friends at my residence in Salt 
Lake City, to see and hear Brother 
Harris relate his experience (which 
always delighted him), Brother James 
T. Woods, who is now present while 
I am writing this article, reminds me 
that himself and G. D. Keaton were 
present on that occasion, and asked 
him to explain the manner in which 
the plates, containing the characters 
of the Book of Mormon, were ex- 
hibited to the witnesses. Brother 
Harris said that the angel stood on 
the opposite side of the table on 
which were the plates, the inter- 
preters, etc., and took the plates in 
his hand and turned them over. To 
more fully illustrate this to them, 
Brother Martin took up a book and 
turned the leaves over one by one. 
The angel declared that the Book of 



Mormon was correctly translated by 
the power of God and not of man, 
and that it contained the fullness of * 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the 
Nephites, who were a branch of the 
lost sheep of the House of Israel, 
and had come from the land of Jeru- * 
salem to America. The witnesses 
were required to bear their testimony 
of these things, and of this open 
vision to all people, and he (Harris) 
testified, not only to those present, 
but to all the world, that these things 
were true, and before God whom he 
expected to meet in the day of Judg- 
ment he lied not. Brother Woods 
testifies that he was present at the 
time above mentioned, and to him it 
was marvelous to see the zeal that 
was manifested by Martin Harris, 
and the spirit of the Lord that ac- 
companied his words. 

' -That Martin Harris was very zeal- 
ous, somewhat enthusiastic, and what 
some would term egotistical, is no 
doubt the ca3e ; but the Lord has 
shown this generation that He can 
carry on His work independently of 
all men, only as they live closely and 
humbly before Him. I will give one 
or two instances of Martin's enthusi- 
asm. When President Geo. A. Smith 
and others of us were being driven 
by John Henry Smith in a carriage 
to take a bath in the Warm Springs, 
near Salt Lake City, while passing 
over a high hill President Smith di- 
rected the curtains of the carriage to 
be raised, giving a magnificent view 
of the city below. The immense 
Tabernacle and the Temple — and in 
fact the beautiful city in full view — 
looked wonderful to Brother Harris, 
who seemed wrapped in admiration 
and exclaimed, ' Who would have 
thought that the Book of Mor- 
mon would have done all this?' On 
one occasion, while celebrating a 
baptism, several persons being in 
attendance, Brother Harris with joy- 
ful feelings said, 'Just see how the 
Book of Mormon is spreading.' Hav- 
ing been absent so long from the 
body of the Church and considering 
his great age, much charity was nec- 
essarily exercised in his behalf. 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



219 



His abiding testimony, and his assist- 
ance with his property to publish the 
Book of Mormon, have earned a name 
for him that will endure while time 
shall last. Soon after he had re- 
ceived his endowments and per- 
formed some work for his dead, he 
retired to live with his son, Martin 



Harris, jun., at Smithfield, Cache 
Valley, where he was comfortably 
cared for in his declining old age. 
On the afternoon of his death he was 
bolstered up in his bed, where, with 
the Book of Mormon in his hand he 
bore his last testimony to those who 
were preseut. " 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



L 



As a number of apostates and other 
opponents of the truth are continual- 
ly attempting to deny certain facts 
connected with the introduction of 
plural marriage among the Latter- 
day Saints by Joseph Smith, the 
Prophet, it has been deemed proper, 
in connection with our other his- 
torical labors, to compile and re- 
publish in the Record the following 
statements, testimonies, aifidavits, 
etc., from truthful and reliable par- 
ties, who have been eye and ear 
witnesses to the circumstances and 
incidents of which they speak ; and 
also to add new proofs and testi- 
monies to those already made public. 
B}' way of introducing the subject 
we quote the following from a com- 
munication written by Pres. Jos. F. 
Smith and published in the Deseret 
News of May 20, 1886 : 

"The great and glorious principle 
of plural marriage was first revealed 
to Joseph Smith in 1831, but being 
forbidden to make it public, or to 
teach ir, as a doctrine of the Gospel, 
at that time, he confided the facts to 
only a very few of his intimate as- 
sociates. Among them were Oliver 
Cowdery and Lyman E. Johnson, the 
latter confiding the fact to his travel- 
ing companion, Elder Orson Pratt, in 
the year 1832. (See Orson Pratt's 
testimony.) And this great prin- 
ciple remained concealed in the bosom 
of the Prophet Joseph Smith and the 
few to whom he revealed it, until he 



was commanded, about 1842, to in- 
struct the leading members of the 
Priesthood, and those who were most 
faithful and intelligent, and best pre- 
pared to receive it, in relation there- 
to, at which time, and subsequently 
until his martyrdom, the subject, in 
connection with the great principles 
of baptism, redemption and sealings 
for the dead, became thegreat themes 
of his life, and, as the late Pres. 
Geo. A. Smith repeal edly said to me 
and others, 'The Prophet seemed 
irresistibly moved by the power of 
God to establish that principle, not 
only in theory, in the hearts and 
minds of his brethren, but in prac- 
tice also!' he himself having led the 
way. While this doctrine was thus 
being taught by the Prophet to those 
whom he could trust — those who had 
faith, righteousness and integrity, to 
believe and accept it, with all its 
consequences (which are no trifling 
things), it remained an 'unwritten 
law' and commandment of the Al- 
mighty to the faithful only of His 
Saints, designed to be enlarged as 
intelligence and fidelity to the laws 
of God increased, until the 12th day 
of July, 1843, when a portion of the 
revelation was written in the manner, 
and (at that time) for the purpose 
set forth in the statement of Elder 
Clayton , now submitted to the 
world, and as indicated in the rev- 
elation itself, as follows : And now, 
as pertaining to this law, verily, 
verily I say unto you, / wUl reveal 
more unto you hereafter, therefore let 
this suffice for the present.' (Verse 
66.) 

"Let all the Latter-day Saints know 



220 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



that Joseph Smith, the martyred 
Prophet, is responsible to God and 
the world for this doctrine, and let 
every soul know that he and his 
brother Hyrum did practice the doc- 
trine in their lifetime, and until their 
death, notwithstanding their seeming 
denials as published in the Times 
and Seasons, and which are so fer- 
vently relied upon as evidence against 
the fact by a certain clas9 of anti- 
polygamists. Those denials can be 
explained, and have been, and while 
the}' are true in the sense, and 
for the purpose for which they 
were designed, they are not denials 
of plural or celestial marriage as 
taught by Joseph and Hyrum Smith 
and practiced at the time by both 
of them, and many others in promi- 
nent standing in the Church. These 
seeming denials themselves are spe- 
cific proofs of the existence of the 
true coin, the counterfeit of which 
they denounced. 

"Let every Saint know by unim- 
peachable testimony, as well as by 
the spirit of inspiration, to which each 
Saint is entitled, that God Almighty 
revealed this doctrine to Joseph the 
martyr, and that under God he was 
and is the founder, by precept and 
example, of the same in the Church. 

"Praying God to bless this testi- 
mony to the comforting of the Saints 
and the confusion of their enemies, 
I have the heartfelt pleasure to re- 
main eternally yours for the truth, 
'if it wake the dead.' 

Joseph F. Smith.'"' 

Emma Biclamon, widow of Joseph 
Smith, the Prophet, died in Nauvoo, 
111., April 30, 1879. Shortly after- 
wards an article was published in 
the Saints' Advocate,!*, monthly peri- 
odical published by the reorganized 
Church, at Piano, 111., under the 
heading "Last Testimony of Sister 
Emma," in which that lady is made 
responsible for a statement to the ef- 
fect that Joseph Smith, the Prophet, 
never in his lifetime taught nor prac- 
ticed the principle of plural mar- 



riage. This statement, given in the 
shape of a dialogue or colloquy, 
which was said to have taken place 
between Emma Bidamon and her 
son (Joseph), brought forth the fol- 
lowing from the pen of Apostle Jo- 
seph F. Smith : 

"Salt Lake City, Oct. 17, 1879. 

''Editor Deseret News: 

"Dear Sir. — While I am aware of 
your disinclination to publish the 
many foolish fabrications of back- 
sliders from the faith, and your gen- 
eral reticence on this subject, yet 
some statements contained in a paper 
lately forwarded me, being of no 
ordinary kind, demand the publica- 
tion of certain facts which I have in 
my possession, which must be my 
apology for presenting this matter. 

"No one can regret more than my- 
self the necessity of presenting to 
the numerous readers of the News, 
certain facts relative to Joseph 
Smith (the Prophet) in connection 
with the revelation on celestial or 
plural marriage and the inaugura- 
tion of that doctrine in the Church ; 
and were it not for the cause of 
truth in which I and my children 
and the Church are deeply inter- 
ested, and in which the whole world 
should feel vitally concerned, I 
would seek to avoid this unpleasant 
task. 

(Here follows the dialogue above 
referred to.) 

"In reply to the foregoing, I will 
give you the sworn statements and 
affidavits of a few reliable persons — 
among whom are two of the wives of 
the Prophet Joseph Smith, which I 
think, will assert quite as strong 
claims for belief and present a much 
better appearance of veracity than 
the published dialogue between Jo- 
seph Smith and his mother, for this 
reason, if no other, these people, 
well known to this community, are 
mostly still living and can be cross- 
examined, while 'Sister Emma,' whose 
lips are sealed in death, is repre- 
sented as denying facts which, it can 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



221 



be abundantly proven, were well 
known to her, and to many now liv- 
ing in these mountains, besides those 
whose affidavits and statements ac- 
company this communication. It is 
but fair to note that these affidavits 
were given many years ago, in view 
of the denials then being made by 
the representatives of that faction 
known as the 'Reorganized Church,' 
and before 'Sister Emma,' it is hoped, 
ever dreamed of denying facts which 
no one knew better than she did her- 
self, and as I have good reason to 
believe, from admissions made to me 
by Alexander H. Smith, in 1866, and 
subsequently by Joseph Smith him- 
self, before even Joseph could mus- 
ter the courage or dared to venture 
upon the hazardous and untenable 
ground his mother, now she is dead, 
is made to assume ; which ground, if 
her memory of facts had failed, she 
should have assumed, herself, years 
ago. But to the proof. 

"JOSEPH BATES NOBLE'S TESTIMONY. 

"Territory of Utah, ) ee 

County of Salt Lake. ] "• 

"Be it remembered, that on this twenty- 
sixth day of June, A. D. 1869, personally 
appeared before me, James Jack, a notary 
public in and for said county, Joseph Bates 
Noble, who was by me sworn in due form of 
law, and upon his oath saith, that in the fall 
of 1840, Joseph Smith taught him the prin- 
ciple of celestial or plural marriage, or a 
plurality of wives: and that the said Joseph 
Smith declared that he had received a rev- 
elation from God on the subject, and that 
the angel of the Lord had commanded him 
(Joseph Smiths to move forward in the said 
order of marriage; and further, that the said 
Joseph Smith requested him (Joseph B. 
Noble) to step forward and assist him in 
carrying out the said principle, saying, ' In 
revealing this to you, I have placed my life 
in your hands, therefore do not in an evil 
hour betray me to my enemies.' 
"Subscribed and sworn to by the said Jo- 
eph B. Noble, the day and year first above 
written. 

Joseph B. Noble, 
[seal.] James Jack, 

Notary Public." 

"Elder Noble is still living at 

Bountiful, Davis County, Utah, and 

can be examined again on this and 

other points connected with this 



subject, with which he is familiar. 
I will here further state that Elder 
Joseph B. Noble swears (the affida- 
vit I have on hand) before a notary 
public, on June 6, 1869, that he did 
on April 5, 1841, seal to Joseph 
Smith, the Prophet, Miss Louisa 
Beaman, according to the revelation 
on plural marriage." 

"benjamin f. Johnson's testimony. 

"The following affidavit was sworn 
to before James Jack, a notary pub- 
lic, in Salt Lake City, March 4, 
1870: 

"On the first day of April, A. D. 1843, 
President Joseph Smith, Orson Hyde and 
William Cla ton, and others, came from 
Nauvoo to my residence in Macedonia or 
Ramus, in Hancock County, 111., and were 
joyfully welcomed by myself and family as 
our guests. 

"On the following morning, Pres. Smith 
took me by the arm for a walk, leading the 
way to a secluded spot within an adjacent 
grove, where, to my great surprise, he com- 
menced to open up to me the principle of 
plural or celestial marriage; but I was more 
astonished by his asking me for my si-ter 
Almera to be his wife. I sincerely believed 
him to be a Prophet of God, and I loved him 
as such and also for the many evidences of 
his kindness to me, yet such was the force 
of my education, and the scorn that I felt 
towards anything unvirtuous, that under 
the first impulse of my feelings, I looked 
him calmly, but firmly in the face and told 
him that ' I had always believed him to be 
a good man and wished to believe it still 
and would try to; and that I would take for 
him a message to my sister, and if the doc- 
trine was true, all would be well, but if I 
should afterwards learn that it was offered 
to insult or prostitute mysister,I would take 
his life.' With a smile he replied, ' Ben- 
jamin, you will never see that day, but you 
shall live to know that it is true and rejoice 
in it.' 

"He wished me to see my sister and talk 
to her. I told him I did not know what I 
could say to convince her. He replied, 
' When you open your mouth you shall be 
able to comprehend, and you shall not want 
for evidence nor words.' He also told me 
that he would preach a sermon that day for 
me which I would understand, while the rest 
of the congregation would not comprehend 
his meaning. His subject was the ten 
talents, ' unto him that hath shall be given, 
and he shall have abundantly, but from him 



222 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



that hath not (or will not receive), shall be 
taken away that which he hath (or might 
have had).' Plainly giving me to under- 
stand that the talents represented wives and 
children, as the principle of enlargement 
throughout the great future to those who 
were heirs of salvation. 

"I called my sister to private audience,and 
with fear and trembling' and feelings I can- 
not express, commenced to open the subject 
to her, when, just as he had promised, the 
light of the Lord shone upon my under- 
standing and my tongue was loosed, and /, 
at least, was convinced of the truth of what 
I was attempting to teach. 

"My si-tor received my testimony, and in 
a short time afterwards consented to become 
the wife of President Smith. 

"Subsequent to this I took her to the city 
of Nauvoo, where she was married, or sealed 
for time and eternity, to President Joseph 
Smith, bj bis brother Ilyrum Smith, in the 
presence of myself and Louisa Beaman, who 
told me she had also been sealed or married 
to the Prophet Joseph. This was at the 
residence of my sister, the widow of Lyman 
E. Sherman, who also was a witness. 

"After a short period, President Smith 
and company, viz., George Miller, "Wm. Clay- 
ton, J. M. Smith, and Eliza and Emily Par- 
tridge (who were the wives of the Prophet) 
came again to Macedonia (Ramus), where 
he remained two days, lodging at my house 
with my sister as man and wife (and to my 
certain knowledge he occupied the same bed 
with her). This visit was on the IGth and 
17th of May, 1843, returning to Nauvoo on 
the 18th. 

"Again, on the 19th of October, the same 
year, President Smith made us another visit 
at Macedonia and remained till the 21st. lie 
was accompanied by Wm. Clayton. At this 
time (Oct. 20th, 1843), he sealed my first wife 
to me for time and all eternity. * * * 

"He also visited my mother at her res- 
idence in Macedonio and taught her in my 
hearing the doctrine of celestial marriage, 
declaring that an angel appeared unto him 
with a drawn sword, threatening to slay him 
if he did not proceed to fulfill the law that 
had been given to him. And counseled my 
mothei to be sealed to his uncle, Father 
John Smith (father of Geo. A. Smith), to 
which she consented, and to my certain 
knowledge was subsequently sealed to him 
by the Prophet. * * 

"After the death of the Prophet, I told 
President Brigham Young what he (Joseph 
Smith) had said to me relative to my taking 
Mary Ann Hale to wife. Pres. Young said 
it was right and authorized Father John 



Smith to seal her to me, which he did on the 
14th of November, 1844. 

(Signed) B. F. Johnson. 

"APOSTLE LORENZO SNOW'S TESTIMONY. 

"The following affidavit was made 
before J. C. Wright, clerk of Box 
Elder County, Utah, Aug. 28, 1869 : 

"In the month of April, 1843, I returned 
from my European mission. A few days 
after my arrival at Nauvoo, when at Pres- 
ident Joseph Smith's house, he said he 
wished to have some private talk with me, 
and requested me to walk out with him. It 
was toward evening, we walked a little dis- 
tance and sat down on a large log that lay 
near the bank of the river; he there and then 
explained to me the doctrine of plurality of 
wives. 

"He said that the Lord had revealed it 
unto him and commanded him to have 
women sealed to him as wives, that he fore- 
saw the trouble that would follow and sought 
to turn away from the commandment, that 
an angel from heaven appeared before him 
with a drawn sword, threatening him with 
destruction unless he went forward and 
obeyed the commandment. 

"He further said that my sister Eliza R. 
Snow had been sealed to him as his wife for 
time and eternity. 

"He told me that the Lord would open 
the way, and I should have women sealed to 
me as wives. This conversation was pro- 
longed, I think, one hour or more, in which 
he told me many important things. 

"I solemnly declare before God and holy 
angels, and as I hope to come forth in the 
morning of the resurrection, that the above 
statement is true. 

(Signed) Lorenzo Snow. 

"JOHN BENBOW'S AEFIDAVIT. 

"Territory of Utah, ) 

County of Salt Lake. J hS " 

"Be it remembered that on this twenty- 
eighth day of August, A. D. 18G9, personally 
appeared before me, James Jack, a notary 
public in and for said county, John Benbow, 
who was by me sworn in due form of law, 
and upon his oath said that in the spring or 
forepart of the summer of 1813, at his house, 
four miles from Nauvoo, County of Hancock, 
State of Illinois, President Joseph Smith 
taught him and his wife, Jane Benbow, the 
doctrine of celestial marriage, or plurality of 
wives, Ilyrum Smith being present. 

"And further, that Hannah Ells Smith, a 
wife of the Prophet, boarded at his house 
two months during the summer of the same 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



223 



year; and the said Hannah E. Smith also 
lived at his house several months in 1844, 
after the Prophet's death. And further, 
that President Smith frequently visited his 
wife Hannah at his (J. B's.) house. 

(Signed) John Benbow. 

"Subscribed and sworn to by the said John 
Benbow, the day and year first written. 
[seal.] James Jack, 

Notary Public. 

"I might continue to multiply 
those statements and testimonies 
both of the living and the dead until 
your paper could not contain them, 
but the foregoing is sufficient to 
prove that Joseph Smith did teach 
the doctrine of plural marriage sev- 
eral years before his death, and not 
only so, but that he did also prac- 
tice what he taught. Further, the 
fact is established that Joseph Smith 
received the revelation on celestial 
or plural marriage, and the eternity 
of the marriage covenant, prior to 
July 12th, 1843, the time when a 
portion of said- revelation was writ- 
ten. * * * 

"ELIZA M. PARTRIDGE'S AFFIDAVIT. 

"Territorv of Utah, \ 

County of Millard. J ss * 

"Be it remembered that on the first day 
of July, A. D. 1869, personally appeared be- 
fore me, Edward Partridge, probate judge 
in and for said county, Eliza M. (Partridge) 
Lyman, who was by me sworn in due form 
of law, and upon her oath saith, that on the 
11th day of May, 1843, at the City of Nauvoo, 
County of Hancock, State of Illinois, she w T as 
married or sealed to Joseph Smith, Pres- 
ident of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints, by James Adams, a High Priest 
in said Church, * * * in the 
presence of Emma (Hale) Smith and Emily 
D. Partridge. 

(Signed) Eliza M. (P.) Lyman. 

"Subscribed and sworn to by the said 
Eliza Maria Lyman, the day and year first 
above written. 

[seal.] Edward Partridge, 

Probate Judge. 

"EMILY DOW PARTRIDGE'S TESTIMONY. 

"Territory of Utah. \ 

County of Salt Lake, j ss - 

"Be it remembered tbat on this the first 
day of May, A. D. 1SG9, personally appeared 
before me, Elias Smith, probate judge for 
said county, Emily Dow (P.) Young, who 
was by me sworn in due form of law, and 



upon her oath said, that on the 11th day of 
May, A. D. 1843, at the City of Nauvoo, 
County of Hancock, State of Illinois, she was 
married or sealed to JosephSmith, President 
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, by James Adams, a High Priest in 
said Church, * * * in presence 
of Emma (Hale) Smith, (now Emma Bida- 
mon) and Eliza M. Partridge Smith, (now 
Eliza M. Lyman.) 

(Signed) Emily D. P. Young. 

"Subscribed and sworn to by the said 
Emily D. P. Young, the day and year first 
above written. ___ 

[seal.] Elias Smith, 

Probate Judge. 

(Sister Young,in her autobiography, 
published in the Woman's Exponent, 
Vol. 14, page 38, says: "The first 
intimation I had from Brother Jo- 
seph that there was a pure and holy 
order of plural marriage, v>as in the 
spring of 1842, but I was not mar- 
ried until 1843. I was married to 
him ol the 11th of May, 1843, by 
Elder James Adams. Emma was 
present. She gave her free and full 
consent. She had always, up to this 
time, been very kind to me and my 
sister Eliza, who was also married 
to the Prophet Joseph with Emma's 
consent. Emma, about this time,, 
gave her husband two other wives — 
Maria and Sarah Lawrence.") 

"One more statement will suffice 
for the present, although, if neces- 
sary, many more sworn statements 
of reliable individuals could be fur- 
nished upon the subject, besides the 
testimonies of scores of living wit- 
nesses in absolute denial of the al- 
leged ' last testimony of Sister 
Emma.' 

"lovina walker's certificate. 

"I Lovina Walker (eldest daughter ol Hy- 
rum Smith), hereby certify, that while I was 
living with Aunt Emina Smith, in Fulton 
City, Fulton County, Illinois, in the year 
1846, she told me that she, Emma Smith, 
was present and witnessed the marrying or 
sealing of Eliza Partridge, Emily Partridge, 
Maria Lawrence and Sarah Lawrence to her 
husband, Joseph Smith, and that she gave 
her consent thereto. 

(Signed) Lovina Walkku. 

"We hereby witness that Lovina Walker 
made and signed the above statement, on 
this 16th day of June, A. D. 1869, at Salt 



224 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



Lake City, Salt Lake Co., U. T., of her own 

free will and accord. 

(Signed) Hykum S. Walkek, 

Sarah E. Smith, 
Joseph F. Smith. 

"Again, the foregoing is but a 
small part of the testimony that can 
be brought forward in relation to 
Sister Emma's knowledge of this 
principle. But is not this sufficient 
to convince any honest inquirei that 
the alleged 'Last testimony of Sister 
Emma,' is incorrect? That Joseph 
did, not only teach, but practice this 
doctrine, and that too, with the full 
knowledge and consent of his first 
wife, Emma Smith. Indeed, if there 
is anything wanting to establish this 
fact, the ladies (except Lovina 
Walker, who is now dead) whose 
testimonies are given above are still 
living, one in this city and the others 
in Fillmore, Millard Co., Utah, and 
can testify that Emma Smith (late 
Emma Bidamon) did herself teach 
them the principle, and with her own 
hand gave them to wife to her hus- 
band. Respectfully, 

Joseph F. Smith." 

ELIZA R. SNOW'S TESTIMONY. 

The following was also published 
in the Deseret News (weekly) of Oct. 
22, 1879: 

"Recently, to my great astonishment, I read 
an article headed ' Last Testimony of Sister 
Emma,' published in the Saints' 1 Advocate, 
a pamphlet issued in Piano, 111. 

"In the article referred to, her son Joseph 
reports himself as interviewing his mother 
on the subject of polygamy, asking questions 
concerning his father. Did his father teach 
the principle? Did he practice or approve 
of it ? Did his father have other wives than 
herselfi' To all of these and similar in- 
quiries, Sister Emma is represented as an- 
swering in the negative, positively affirming 
that Joseph, the Prophet, had no other wife 
or wives than her; that he neither taught the 
principle of plurality of wives, publicly or 
privately. 

"I once dearly loved 'Sister Emma,' and 
now, for me to believe that she, a once 
highly honored woman, should have sunk so 
low, even in her own estimation, as to deny 
what she knew to be true, seems a palpable 
absurdity. If what purports to be her 'last 
testimony' was really her testimony, she 



died with a libel on her lips — a libel against 
her husband— against his wives— against the 
truth, and a libel against God; and in pub- 
lishing that libel, her son has fastened a 
stigma on the character of his mother, that 
can never be erased. It is a fact that Sister 
Emma, of her own free will and choice, gave 
her husband four wives, two of whom are 
now living, and ready to testify that she, not 
only gave them to her husband, but that she 
taught them the doctrine of plural marriage 
and urged them to accept it And, if her 
son wished to degrade his mother in the 
estimation of her former associates, those 
familiar with the incidents of the period re- 
ferred to, he could not do it more effectually 
than by proving her denial of any knowledge 
of polygamy (celestial marriage), and its 
practice by her husband. Even if her son 
ignored his mother's reputation for veracity, 
he better had waited until his father's wives 
were silent in death, for now they are here 
living witnesses of the divinity of plural 
marriage, as revealed by the Almighty, 
through Joseph Smith, who was commanded 
to introduce it by taking other wives. 

"So far as Sister Emma personally is con- 
cerned, I would gladly have been silent and 
let her memory rest in peace, had not her 
misguided son, through a sinister policy, 
branded her name with gross wickedness — 
charging her with the denial of a sacred 
principle which she had heretofore not only 
acknowledged but had acted upon — a prin- 
ciple than which there is none more impor- 
tant comprised in the Gospel of the Son of 
God. 

"It may be asked, Why defend plurality 
of wives, since the United States govern- 
ment forbids its practice? The action of the 
executors of this government can neither 
change nor annihilate a fundamental truth; 
and this nation, in preventing the practice 
of plural marriage, shoulders a heavier re- 
sponsibility than any nation has ever as- 
sumed, with one exception— that of the 
ancient Jews. If the government can afford 
it, we can. The controversy is with God — 
not us. Eliza R. Snow. 

A wife of Joseph Smith, the Prophet. 

william Clayton's testimony. 

The following statement was sworn 
to before John T. Caine, a notary 
public, in Salt Lake City, Feb. 16, 
1874: 

"Inasmuch as it may be interesting to 
future generations of the members of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 
to learn something of the first teachings of 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



225 



the principle of plural marriage by Pres- 
ident Joseph Smith, the Prophet, Seer, Rev- 
elator and Translator of said Church, I will 
give a short relation of facts which occurred 
within my personal knowledge, and also 
matters related to me by President Joseph 
Smith. 

"I was employed as a clerk in President 
Joseph Smith's office, under Elder Willard 
Richards, and commenced to labor in the 
office on the 10th day of February, 1842. I 
continued to labor with Elder Richards until 
he went east to fetch his wife to Nauvoo. 

"After Elder Richards started east I was 
necessarily thrown constantly into the com- 
pany of President Smith, having to attend 
to his public and private business, receiving 
and recording tithings and donations, attend- 
ing to land and other matters of business. 
During this period I necessarily became well 
acquainted with Emma Smith, the wife of 
the Prophet Joseph, and also with the chil- 
dren — Julia M. (an adopted daughter), Jo- 
seph, Frederick and Alexander, very much 
of the business being transacted at the resi- 
dence of the Prophet. 

"On the 7th of October, 1842, in the pres- 
ence of Bishop Xewel K. Whitney and his 
wife Elizabeth Ann, President Joseph Smith 
appointed me Temple Recorder, and also his 
private clerk, placing all records, books, 
papers, etc., in my care, and requiring me to 
take charge of and preserve them, his clos- 
ing words being, ' When I have any revela- 
tions to write, you are the one to write 
them. ' 

"During this period the Prophet Joseph 
frequently visited my house in my company, 
and became well acquainted with my wife 
Ruth, to whom I had beenmarried five years. 
One day in the month of February, 1843, 
date not remembered, the Prophet invited 
me to walk with him. During our walk, he 
said he had learned that there was a sister 
back in England, to whom I was very much 
attached. I replied there was, but nothing 
further than an attachment such as a brother 
and sister in the Church might rightfully 
entertain for each other. He then said, 
'Why don't you send for her?' I replied, 
' In the first place, I have no authority to 
send for her, and if I had, I have not the 
means to pay expenses.' To this he an- 
swered, 'I give you authority to send for 
her, and I will furnish you with means,' 
which he did. This was the first time the 
Prophet Joseph talked with me on the 
subject of plural marriage. He informed 
me that the doctrine and principle was right 
in the sight of our Heavenly Father, and 
hat it was a doctrine which pertained to 



celestial order and glory. After giving me 
lengthy instructions and informations con- 
cerning the doctrine of celestial or plural 
marriage, he concluded his remarks by the 
words, ' It is your privilege to have all the 
wives you want.' After this introduction, 
our conversations on the subject of plural 
marriage were very frequent, and he ap- 
peared to take particular pains to inform 
and instruct me in respect to the principle. 
He also informed me that he had other wives 
living besides his first wife Emma, and in 
particular gave me to understand that Eliza 
R. Snow, Louisa Beman,Desdemona W.Full- 
mer and others were his lawful wives in the 
sight of Heaven. 

"On the 27th of April, 1843, the Prophet 
Joseph Smith married to me Margaret Moon, 
for time and eternity, at the residence of 
Elder Heber C. Kimball; and on the 22nd of 
July, 1843, he married to me, according to 
the order of the Church, my first wife Ruth. 

"On the 1st day of May, 1843, 1 officiated 
in the office of an Elder by marrying Lucy 
Walker to the Prophet Joseph Smith, at his 
own residence. 

"During this period the Prophet Joseph 
took several other wives. Amongst the num- 
ber I well remember Eliza Partridge, Emily 
Partridge, Sarah Ann Whitney, Helen Kim- 
ball and Flora Woodworth. These all, he 
acknowledged to me, were his lawful, wedded 
wives, according to the celestial order. His 
wife Emma was cognizant of the fact of 
some, if not all, of these being his wives,and 
she generally treated them very kindly. 

"On the morning of the 12th of July, 1843, 
Joseph and Hyrum Smith came into the 
office in the upper story of the 'brick store,' 
on the bank of the Mississippi River. They 
were talking on the subject of plural mar- 
riage. Hyrum said to Joseph, 'If you will 
w r rite the revelation on celestial marriage, I 
will take and read it to Emma, and I be- 
lieve I can convince her of its truth, and you 
will hereafter have peace.' Joseph smiled 
and remarked, 'You do not know Emma as 
well as I do.' Hyrum repeated his opinion 
and further remarked, 'The doctrine is so 
plain, I can convince any reasonable man or 
woman of its truth, purity or heavenly 
origin,' or words to their effect. Joseph 
then said, ' Well, I will write the revelation 
and we will see.' He then requested me to 
get paper and prepare to write. Hyrum 
very urgently requested Joseph to write the 
revelation by means of the Urim and Thum- 
mim, but Joseph, in reply, said he did not 
need to, for he knew the revelation perfectly 
from beginning to end. 

"Joseph and Hyrum then sat down and Jo- 



226 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



seph commenced to dictate the revelation on 
celestial marriage, and I wrote it, sentence 
by sentence, as he dictated. After the whole 
was written, Joseph asked me to read it 
through, slowly and carefully, which I did, 
and he pronounced it correct. He then re- 
marked that there was much more that he 
could write, on the same subject, but what 
was writen was sufficient for the present. 

"Hyrum then took the revelation to read 
to Emma. Joseph remained with me in the 
office until Hyrum returned. When he came 
back, Joseph asked him how he had suc- 
ceeded. Hyrum replied that he had never 
received a more severe talking to in his life, 
that Emma was very bitter and full of re- 
sentment and anger. 

"Joseph quietly remarked, 'I told you you 
did not know Emma as well as I did' Jo- 
seph then put the revelation in his pocket, 
and they both left the office. 

"The revelation was read to several of the 
authorities during the day. Towards even- 
ing Bishop Newel K. Whitney asked Joseph 
if he bad any objections to his taking a copy 
of the revelation ; Joseph replied that be had 
not, and handed it to him. It was carefully 
copied the following day by Joseph C. Kings- 
bury. Two or three days after the revela- 
tion was written Joseph related to me and 
several others that Emma had so teased, 
and urgently entreated him for the privilege 
of destroying it, that he became so weary of 
her teasing, and to get rid of her annoyance, 
he told her she might destroy it and she had 
done so, but he had consented to her wish 
in this matter to pacify her, realizing that 
he knew the revelation perfectly, and could 
rewrite it at any time if necessary. 

"The copy made by Joseph C. Kingsbury 
is a true and correct copy of the original in 
every respect. The copy was carefully pre- 
served by Bishop Whitney, and but few 
knew of its existence until the temporary 
location of the Camps of Israel at Winter 
Quarters, on the Missouri River, in 1846. 

"After the revelation on celestial marriage 
was written Joseph continued his instruc- 
tions, privately, on the doctrine, '.o myself 
and others, and during the last year of his 
life we were scarcely ever together, alone, 
but he was talking on the subject, and ex- 
plaining that doctrine and principles con- 
nected with it. He appeared to enjoy great 
liberty and freedom in his teachings, and 
also to find great relief in having a few to 
whom he could unbosom his feelings on that 
great and glorious subject. 

"From him I learned that the doctrine of 
plural and celestial marriage is the most holy 
and important doctrine ever revealed to man 



on the earth, and that without obedience to 
that principle no man can ever attain to the 
fulness of exaltation in celestial glory. 

(Signed) William Clayton. 

"Salt Lake City, February 16th, 1874." 

joseph c. kingsbury's testimony. 
The following statement was given 
under oath before Charles W. Stay- 
ner, a notary public, in Salt Lake 
City, May 22, 1886: 

"In reference to the affidavit of Elder Wil- 
liam Clayton, on the subject of the celestial 
order of patriarchal marriage, published in 
the Deseret Evening Neice of May 20th, 
1886, and particularly to the statement 
made therein concerning myself, as having 
copied the original revelation written by 
Brother Clayton at the dictation of the 
Prophet Joseph, I will say that Bishop Newel 
K. Whitney handed me the revelation above 
referred to on either the day it was written 
or the day following, and stating that it was 
asked me to take a copy of it. I did so, and 
then read my copy of it to Bishop Whitney, 
who compared it with the original which he 
held in his hand while I read to him. When 
I had finished reading, Bishop Whitney pro- 
nounced the copy correct, and Hyrtlrn Smith 
coming into the room at the time to fetch 
the original, Bishop Whitney handed it to 
him. I will also state that this copy, as also 
the original, are identically the same as that 
published in the present edition of the Book 
of Doctrine and Covenants. 

"I will add that I also knew that the 
Prophet Joseph Smith had married other 
women besides his first wife — Emma; I was 
well aware of the fact of his having married 
Sarah Ann Whitney, the eldest daughter of 
Bishop Newel K. Whitney and Elizabeth 
Ann Whitney, his wife. And the Prophet 
Joseph told me personally that he had mar- 
ried other women, in accordance with the 
revealed will of God, and spoke concerning 
the principle as being a command of God for 
holy purposes. 

(Signed) JosEpn C. Kingsbury." 

THOMAS GROVER'S TESTIMONY. 

"Farmington, Davis Co., Utah, 
Jan. 10, 1885. 
"A. M. Mu88er: 

"Your note is before me, and I answer 
with pleasure. 

"Now, concerning the matter about which 
you ask information. I don't know of any 
member of that High Council living except 
myself. Leonard Soby may still be living. 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



227 



He apostatized on the strength of that rev- 
elation. 

"The High Council of Nauvoo was called 
together by the Prophet Joseph Smith, to 
know whether they would accept the rev- 
elation on celestial marriage or not. 

"The Presidency of the Stake, Win. Marks, 
Father Cowles and the late Apostle Charles 

C. Rich were there present. The following 
are the names of the High Council that were 
present, in their order, viz: Samue,l Bent, 
William Huntington, Alpheus Cutler, Thos. 
Grover, Lewis D. Wilson, David Fullmer, 
Aaron Johnson, Newel Knight, Leonard 
Soby, James Allred, Henry G. Sherwood 
and, I think, Samuel H. Smith. 

"Brother Hyrum was called upon to read 
the revelation. He did so, and after the 
reading said, ' Now, you that believe this 
revelation and go forth and obey the same 
shall be saved, and you that reject it shall 
be damned.' 

"We saw this prediction verified in less 
than one week. Of the Presidency of the 
Stake, Wm. Marks and Father Cowles re- 
jected the revelation; of the Council that 
were present Leonard Soby rejected it. 
From that time forward there was a very 
strong division in the High Council. These 
three men greatly diminished in spirit day 
after day, so that there was a great difference 
in the line of their conduct, which was per- 
ceivable to every member that kept the 
faith. 

"From that time forward we often re- 
ceived instructions from the Prophet as to 
what was the will of the Lord and how to 
proceed. 

"After this the Prophet's life was con- 
stantly in danger. Being one of his life 
guard, I watched his interests and safety up 
to the time of his death. 

"Wm. Marks died in Illinois. C. C. Rich 
died in Paris, Bear Lake County, Idaho, in 
full faith. Samuel Bent died in Garden 
Grove, Iowa, in full faith. Wm. Huntington 
died in Pisgah, Iowa, in full faith. Alpheus 
Cutler apostatized, and died in Iowa. Lewis 

D. Wilson died at Ogden, in full faith. David 
Fullmer died in Salt Lake City, in full faith. 
Aaron Johnson died at Springville, in full 
faith. Newel Knight died at Poiica, Ne- 
braska Leonard Soby went with Sidney 
Rigdon from Nauvoo. James Allred died in 
Sanpete, in full faith. Henry G. Sherwood 
came here with the Pioneers and died in 
San Bernardino, Cat., out of the Church, I 
understand. Samuel H. Smith died at Nau- 
voo, in full faith. 

Thomas Grover." 



DAVID FULLMER' S TESTIMONY. 

"Territory of Utah, \ oc 

County of Salt Lake. J ss " 

"Beit remembered that on this fifteenth 
day of June, A. D. 1869, personally appeared 
before me, James Jack, a notary public in 
and for said county, David Fullmer, who 
was by me sworn in due form of law, and 
upon his oath saith, that on or about the 
twelfth day of Aug., A. D. 1843, while in 
meeting with the High Council (he being a 
member thereof), in Hyrum Smith's brick 
office, in the city of Nauvoo, County of 
Hancock, State of Illinois, Dunbar Wilson 
made enquiry in relation to the subject of a 
plurality of wives, as there were rumors 
about respecting it, and he was satisfied 
there was something in those remarks, and 
he wanted to know what it was, upon which 
Hyrum Smith stepped across the road to his 
residence, and soon returned bringing with 
him a copy of the revelation on celestial 
marriage, given to Joseph Smith, July 12th, 
A. D. 1843, and read the same to the High 
Council, and bore testimony to its truth. 
The said David Fullmer further saith that, 
to the best of his memory and belief, the 
following named persons were present: Wm. 
Marks, Austin A. Cowles, Samuel Bent, 
Geo. W. Harris, Dunbar Wilson,Wm. Hunt- 
ing! on, Levi Jackmau, Aaron Johnson, Thos. 
Grover, David Fullmer, Phinehas Richards, 
James Allred and Leonard Soby. And the 
said David Fullmer further saith that Wm. 
Marks, Austin A. Cowles and Leonard Soby 
were the only persons present who did not 
receive the testimony of Hyrum Smith, and 
that all the others did receive it from the 
teaching and testimony of the said Hyrum 
Smith. And further, that the copy of said 
revelation on celestial marriage, published 
in the Deseret News extra of September 14th, 
A. D. 1852, is a true copy of the same. 
(Signed) David Fullmer. 

"Subscribed and sworn to by the said 
David Fullmer the day and year first above 
written. 

[seal] James Jack, 

Notary Public." 

LEONARD SOBT'S TESTIMONY. 

The following was published in the 
Ogden Herald, in January, 1886: 

"Our readers will remember, that in the 
correspondence which passed between Elder 
Littletield and Joseph Smith, jun., of the 
reorganized church, some time since, Mr. 
Smith challenged Elder Littletield to give 
the names of parties who were present and 
heard the revelation on celestial marriage 



228 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



read before the High Council at Nauvoo. 
Among the names given by Elder Littlefield 
was that of Leonard Soby. The prophet of 
the reorganized church knew where Mr. 
Soby resided, and instructed a member of 
his church in high standing to draw up an 
affidavit, stating that Mr. Soby was not 
present at such meeting, and never heard 
the revelation read. 

"The affidavit was drawn up under the 
instructions of Joseph Smith, jun., and Mr. 
Gurley, who was something of a lawyer, 
called on Mr. Soby at his home in Beverly, 
New Jersey, and requested him to sign it. 
The affidavit stated that Mr. Soby was pres- 
ent at the High Council meeting referred 
to, but did not hear the revelation read. 
When Mr. Gurley requested Mr. Soby to 
sign the document, Soby objected, saying 
he was present at the meeting, and did hear 
the revelation read, and could not sign an 
affidavit to the contrary. This considerably 
disconcerted his interlocutor, and Mr. Soby 
added : 'If you will draw up an affidavit set- 
ting forth that I was there and did hear the 
revelation read, I will sign it for you.' Mr. 
Gurley, however, did not want that kind of 
testimony, and retired rather crestfallen, 
but wiser, and has since apostatized from 
the reorganized church. 

"Mr. Soby, quite recently, had business in 
the State of Pennsylvania, and while there 
related the occurrence to a gentleman named 
Samuel Harrison. 

"Leonard Soby is about the only person now 
living who was present at the High Council 
meeting at which the revelation on celestial 
marriage was read. His home is at Beverly, 
New Jersey. ' 

We annex the following extracts 
from a communication written to the 
Deseret News by James S. Brooks, 
of San Bernardino, Cal., and dated 
March 26, 1886. 

"I saw an account in January last, in the 
Ogden Herald, wherein Mr. Leonard Soby, 
of New Jersey, is made to testify that he 
was present at the High Council in Nauvoo, 
and that he heard the revelation upon celes- 
tial marriage there read; also that an affida- 
vit had been represented to him by Mr. 
Gurley, dictated by Mr. Joseph Smith, the 
leader of the Josephite faction, which he, 
Mr. Soby, was requested to sign, stating that 
he was not present at that council, and did 
not hear the revelation read, which he re- 
fused to do, but offered to sign one to the 
contrary. Knowing that to be one of the 
props upon which the Josephites build their 
excuse for rejecting the revelation, I showed 



the article to one of their members in this 
place. He said: ' Mr. Gurley will say any- 
thing now that he has left our church.' 

"I saw immediately that they were no 
more ready to accept that evidence than any 
other; indeed they do not want the truth; 
it is not facts that they are seeking after. 
In order to do away with that quibble I 
wrote to Mr. Soby myself, informing him of 
the statement of the interview between him- 
self and Mr. Gurley, as published in the 
Ogden Herald, asking him if it was correct, 
and below is a copy of the letter I received 
from him. It is w ? ell to have such evidence 
on record, as Mr. Soby is now the only living 
witness that was present at the council, as I 
see by the Deseret News that Mr. Thomas 
Grover died last month, he too having left 
his testimony as to being present and hear- 
ing it read. 

"LEONARD SOBY'S LETTER. 

" Beverly, N. J., Feb. 26, 188G. 

"James 8. Brooks: 

"Deak Sir— Yours of 12th at hand, and 
would state the facts given in the Herald in 
regard to myself and Mr. Gurley are true. 
I was present at the High Council in Nau- 
voo when that revelation was read; and know 
it to be true, and I hope the Lord will bless 
you to see the truth as I do. 

Eespectfully, your humble servant, 

Leonard Soby, (a witness)." 

HOWARD CORAY'S TESTIMONY. 

"Territory of Utah, ) 

County of Salt Lake, j ■• 

"As many false statements have oeen 
made in relation to the authorship of the 
revelation on celestial marriage, I deem it 
but justice to all lovers of truth for me to 
express what I know concerning this very 
important matter. 

"On the 22nd day of July, A. D. 1843, 
Hyrum Smith, the martyred Patriarch, came 
in a carriage to my house in Nauvoo; he in- 
vited me and my wife to take a ride with 
him; accordingly, as soon as we could make 
ourselves ready, we got into the carriage 
and he set off in the direction of Carthage. 
Having gone a short distance, he observed 
to us that his brother, Joseph Smith, the 
Prophet, had received a revelation on mar- 
riage, that was not for the public yet, which 
he would rehearse to us, as he had taken 
pains to commit it to memory. He then 
commenced rehearsing the revelation on 
celestial marriage, not stopping till he had 
gone quite through with the matter. After 
which he reviewed that part pertaining to 
plurality of wives, dwelling at some length 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



22 



7 



upon the same in order that we might clearly 
understand the principle. And on the same 
day (July 22nd, 1843) he sealed my wife, 
formerly Martha Jane Knowlton, to me; and 
when I heard the revelation on celestial 
marriage read on the stand in Salt Lake City 
in 1852, I recognized it, as the same as that 
repeated to me by Brother Hyrum Smith. 
Not long after this I was present when 
Brother David Fullmer and wife were sealed 
by Brother Hyrum Smith, the martyred 
Patriarch, according to the law of celestial 
marriage. And, besides the foregoing, there 
was quite enough came within the compass 
of my observation to have fully satisfied my 
mind that plural marriage was practiced in 
the city of Nauvoo. 

(Signed) Howard Coray. 

"Subscribed and sworn to before me this 
12th day of June, A. D. 1S82. 

[seal.] James Jack, 

"Notary Public for Salt Lake County ,Utah." 

mercy r. Thompson's testimony. 

"Salt Lake City, Jan. 31, 1886. 

"A. M. Musser: 

"Dear Brother — Having noticed in the 
Deseret News an enquiry for testimony con- 
cerning the revelation on plural marriage, 
and having read the testimony of Brother 
Grover, it came to my mind that perhaps it 
would be right for me to add my testimony 
to his on the subject of Brother Hyrum read- 
ing it to the High Council. I well remember 
the circumstance. I remember he told me 
he had read it to the brethren in his office. 
He put it into my hands and left it with me 
for several days. I had been sealed to him 
by Brother Joseph a few weeks previously, 
and was well acquainted with almost every 
member of the High Council, and know 
Brother G rover's testimony to be correct. 
Now if this testimony would be of any use 
to such as are weak in the faith or tempted 
to doubt, I should be very thankful. Please 
make use of this in any way you think best, 
as well as the copy of the letter addressed to 
Joseph Smith, at Lamoni. Your Sister in 
the Gospel. Mercy R. Thompson." 

"Salt Lake City, Sept. 5, 1S83. 

"Mr. Joseph Smith, Lamoni, III.: 

"Dear Sir— After having asked my Father 
in heaven to aid me, I sit down to write a 
few lines as dictated by the Holy Spirit. 

"After reading the correspondence be- 
tween you and L. O. Littlefield I concluded 
it was the duty of some one to bear a testi- 
mony which could not be disputed. Find- 
ing from your letters to Littlefield that no 



one of your father's friends had performed 
this duty while you were here, now I will 
begin at once and tell you my experience. 

"My beloved husband, R. B. Thompson, 
your father's private secretary to the end of 
his mortal life, died August 27th, 1841, (I 
presume you will remember him.) Nearly 
two j r ears after his death your father told 
me that my husband had appeared to him 
several times, telling him that he did not 
wish me to live such a lonely life, and wished 
him to request your uncle Hyrum to have 
me sealed to him for time. Hyrum com- 
municated this to his wife (my sister) who, 
by request, opened the subject to me, when 
everything within me rose in opposition to 
such a step, but when your father called and 
explained the subject to me, I dared not 
refuse to obey the counsel, lest peradven- 
ture I should be found fighting against God; 
and especially when he told me the last time 
my husband appeared to him he came with 
such power that it made him tremble. He 
then enquired of the Lord what he should 
do; the answer was, ' Go and do as my ser- 
vant hath required.' He then took an op- 
portunity of communicating this to your 
uncle Hyrum who told me that the Holy 
Spirit rested upon him from the crown of 
his head to the solos of his feet. The time 
was appointed, with the consent of all par- 
ties, and your father sealed me to your uncle 
Hyrum for time, in my sixer's room, with a 
covenant to deliver me up in the morning of 
the resurrection to Robert Blaskel Thomp- 
son, with whatever offspring should be the 
result of that union, at the same time coun- 
seling your uncle to build a room for me 
and move me over as soon as convenient, 
which he did, and I remained there as a wife 
the same as my sister to the day of his death. 
All this I am ready to testify to in the pres- 
ence of God, angels and men. * * * 
Mercy R. Thompson." 

lucy w. kimball's testimony. 

"When the Prophet Joseph Smith first 
mentioned the principle of plural marriage 
to me I became very indignant, and told him 
emphatically that I did not wish him ever to 
mention it to me again, as my feelings and 
education revolted against any thing of such 
a nature. He counseled me, however, to 
pray to the Lord for light and understand- 
ing in relation thereto, and promised me if 
I would do so sincerely, I should receive a 
testimony of the correctness of the principle. 
At length I concluded to follow this advice, 
and the consequence was that the Prophet's 
promise unto me was fulfilled to the verv 
letter. Before praying I felt gloomy and 



230 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



downcast ; in fact, I was so intirely given up 
to dispair that I felt tired of life; but after I 
had poured out my heart's contents before 
God, I at once became calm and composed; 
a feeling of happiness took possession of me, 
and at the same time I received a powerful 
and irresistible testimony of the truth of 
plural marriage, which testimony has abided 
with me ever since. Shortly afterwards I 
consented to become the Prophet's wife, and 
was married to him May 1, 1843, Elder Wil- 
liam Clayton officiating. I am also able to 
testify that Emma Smith, the Prophet's first 
wife, gave her consent to the marriage of at 
Least four other girls to her husband, and 
that she was well aware that he associated 
with them as wives within the meaning of 
all that word implies. This is proven by the 
fact [that she herself, on several occasions, 
kept guard at the door to prevent disinter- 
ested persons from intruding, when these 
ladies were in the house. 

Lucy \Y, Kimball." 

ORSON PRATT 'S TESTIMONY. 

"At a meeting held in Piano, Illi- 
nois, Sept. 12, 1878, Apostle Orson 
Pratt explained the circumstances 
connected with the coming forth of 
the revelation on plural marriage. 
He refuted the statement and belief 
of those present that Brigham Young 
was the author of that revelation ; 
showed that Joseph Smith, the 
Prophet, had not only commenced 
the practice of that principle him- 
self, and further taught it to others, 
before President Young and the 
Twelve had returned from their mis- 
sions in Europe, in 1841, but that 
Joseph actually received revelation 
upon that principle as early as 1831. 
He said, 'Lyman Johnson, who was 
very familiar with Joseph at this 
earlv date, Joseph living at his 
father's house, and who was also 
very intimate with me, we having 
traveled on several missions together, 
told me himself that Joseph had made 
known to him as earl}' as 1831, that 
plural marriage was a correct prin- 
ciple. Joseph declared to Lyman 
that God had revealed it to him, but 
that the time had not come to teach 
or practice it in the Church, but that 
the time would come.' To this state- 
ment Elder Pratt bore his testimony. 
He cited several instances of Joseph 



having had wives sealed to him, one 
at least as early as April 5, 1841, 
which was some time prior to the 
return of the Twelve from England. 
Referred to his own trial in regard 
to this matter in Nauvoo, and said it 
was because he got his information 
from a wicked source, from those 
disaffected, but as soon as he learned 
the truth he was satisfied." 

LYMAN O, LITTLEFIELD'S TESTIMONY. 

"The doctrine of celestial marriage, 
I have the best of reasons for be- 
lieving, was understood and believed 
by him (Joseph Smith, the Prophet) 
away back in the days when he 
lived in Kirtland, when he and the 
Saints, in their poverty, were toiling 
to erect that sacred edifice (the Kirt- 
land Temple), wherein 3'ou (referring 
to Joseph Smith, the son of the 
Prophet) now falsify him, seeking, 
by your unsupported declarations, 
to nullify his most sacred doctrines. 
Even there, as I believe, he was in- 
structed of the Lord respecting the 
sacred ordinance of plural marriage ; 
but he was not required to reveal it 
to the Church until some time dur- 
ing the residence of the Saints at 
Nauvoo, where he received a revela- 
tion from the Lord setting forth in 
detail the results to be obtained by 
keeping inviolate all the laws con- 
nected with this sacred condition of 
things. And in consequence of the 
prejudices of the Saints and the tide 
of persecution which he well knew 
he would have to encounter from the 
outside world, wherein his life would 
be endangered, he delayed, as long 
as possible, to make this principle 
known, except to a few of the most 
faithful and humble of the Saints." 

For further information the reader 
is referred to Elder L.O. Littlefield's 
correspondance with Joseph Smith, 
of the reorganized church, published 
in the Mitt. Star, Vol. 45, pages 385, 
143, 561, etc. 

ALLEN J. STOUT'S TESTIMONY. 

"At a meeting held at Rockville, 
Washington Co., Utah, Dec. 23,1885, 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



231 



in commemoration of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith's birthday, Allen J. 
Stout, sen., testified, that while act- 
ing as one of the Prophet's body 
guard in the Nauvoo Mansion, only 
a single door separating him from 
the family, he listened to a conver- 
sation which took place between Jo- 
seph and Emma Smith, on the much 
vaunted subject of plural marriage. 
This impulsive woman from moments 
of passionate denunciation would sub- 
side into tearful repentance and ac- 
knowledge that her violent opposi- 
tion to that principle was instigated 
by the power of darkness ; that Satan 
was doing his utmust to destroy her, 
etc. And solemnly came the Proph- 
et's inspired warning 'Yes, and he 
will accomplish your overthrow, if 
you do not heed my counsel.' " 
(From a letter published in the 
Deseret Evening Neics of Jan. 20, 
1885.) 

BISHOP S. A. WOOLLEY'S TESTIMONY. 

"In September, 1843, at Nauvoo, 
111., I was taken very sick, so much 
so that most of my folks thought I 
could not recover. During the time 
of my illness the Prophet Joseph and 
Patriarch Hyrum Smith came and ad- 
ministered to me frequently. Father 
Joseph Smith, in a blessing previous- 
ly given me, had made me a certain 
promise in regard to living, in which 
I had the most implicit confidence ; 
and when I heard friends say (al- 
though so far gone that I did not re- 
cognize any one) that I would never 
get well, I would whisper ' Yes, I 
will. Father Smith promised that I 
should live to ste the coming of the 
Sou of Man.' Brother Hyrum said, 
because of my faith in that blessing, 
I would not die at that time. The 
house, in which we lived, was a two- 
story one, and on the east side was 
built a store, from which a door 
opened into the sitting room. Dur- 
ing m}^ sickness I occupied one of 
the up-stair rooms. 

One afternoon in the month of 
October, A. D. 1843, I think on a 
Tuesday, about 2 o'clock (I cannot 
explain just how I knew it was 2 
o'clock, but I knew it), I found my- 



self in the sitting room down stairs, 
and walking to the door leading into 
the store, I saw my brother Edwin 
D. putting up the shutters of the 
store as though it was night. I 
turned around, saw Mary, his wife, 
putting down the blinds of the win- 
dows in the sitting room. I stood 
and looked and wondered what was 
to be done. I saw two or three 
other persons there ; and presently 
some others, including Patriarch 
Hyrum Smith, came in. The fire- 
place was in the north end of the 
room, and Hyrum sat down at the 
east end of the grate with his face 
turned to the northwest. Presently 
I saw him take a paper out of his 
coat pocket, and I walked up to his 
left har.d side, looked over his shoul- 
der, and, as he opened the paper, I 
read 'A Revelation on Eternal Mar- 
riage and Plurality of Wives,' etc. 
He then commenced to read what is 
now known as the revelation on plural 
marriage. I also read it myself as 
fast as he did. He stopped and ex- 
plained as he went along. There was 
a sister present by the name of Ger- 
man, who, when he had read to a 
certain point, went to the southwest 
window, raised the curtain, looked 
out, then turned around and said, 
'Brother Hyrum, don't read any 
more, I am full up to here,' drawing 
her hand across her throat. It was 
there told me by the same power 
that informed me it was 2 o'clock, 
that that revelation was of God, and 
that no man could or would receive 
a, fulness of celestial glory and eternal 
life, except he obeyed that law, and 
had more than one living wife at the 
same time. From this time I com- 
menced to get well, and did so very 
speedily. In the course of a few 
days I was down in the sitting room, 
and one day, as we sat by the fire, 
my sister-in-law (Mary) and Sister 
German, who boarded there, \?ere 
taking about that principle allegori- 
cally. I remarked, -Mary, thee need 
not be afraid to talk right out about 
that principle, for I know more about 
it than thee does.' 'What principle?' 
said she. 'Why, that principle about 



232 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



a man having more wives than one,' 
I replied. She looked with amaze- 
ment and said, 'What does thee 
mean?' (We were raised Quakers.) 
'I mean,' said I, 'that I stood right 
there pointing to the place) when 
Brother Hyrum read that revelation 
the other day.' 'What revelation?' 
said she (seeming very incredulous . 
'Why, the one on plural marriage.' 
I answered. Mj t brother Edwin D. 
testified in a public meeting in Manti, 
Sanpete Co., a number of years ago, 
that the revelation was read by Bro. 
Ilyrum just as I said, but he (Edwin 
D. i did not see me there, and he 
could not relate it as accurately as I 
have done. Were I to go back on 
everv other principle of what the 
world call 'Mormonism,' I would 
have to acknowledge that the prin- 
ciple of plural marriage is of God. 
I, like Paul of old, whether in the 
body or out, saw and heard things 
which were unlawful to utter at that 
time, for I understood that I was not 
to tell anyone, or to talk to anyone 
about it, except those who already 
knew about it." 

APOSTLE ERASTUS SNOW'S TESTIMONY : 

"The Prophet Joseph Smith first 
taught me the doctrine of celestial 
marriage, including a plurality of 
wives, in Nauvoo, 111., in April, 1843. 
He also told me of those women he 
had taken to wives. My wife's sis- 
ter, Louisa Beman, was his first 
plural wife, she being sealed to him 
by my brother-in-law, Joseph B. 
Noble, April 5, 1841. She was the 
daughter of Alva and Sarah Burtt 
Beman. The Prophet Joseph also 
gave me the privilege of taking an- 
other wife, which I did in March, 
1844. the Patriarch Hyrum Smith 
officiating under the Prophet's direc- 
tion." 

sarah m. kimball's testimony. 

"Early in the year 1842, Joseph 
Smith taught me the principle of 
marriage for eternity, and the doc- 
trine of plural marriage. He said 
that in teaching this he realized that 
he jeopardized his life ; but God had 



revealed it to him many 3 r ears before 
as a privilege with blessings, now 
God had revealed it again and in- 
structed him to teach it with com- 
mandment, as the Church could 
travel (progress) no further without 
the introduction of this principle. I 
asked him to teach it to some one 
else. He looked at me reprovingly, 
and said, 'Will you tell me who to 
teach it to? God required me to 
teach it to you, and leave you with 
the responsibility of believing or dis- 
believing.' He said, 'I will not 
cease to pray for you, and if you 
will seek unto God in prayer, you 
will not be led into temptation.' " 

additional testimony. 

"At a quarterly Stake conference 
held at Centreville, Davis Co., Utah, 
June 11, 1883, Elder Arthur Stayner 
read an affidavit made by Elder 
Thomas Grover. The substance of 
the document was that the affiant 
was a member of the High Council 
of the Church, that in 1843 Hyrum 
Smith, the Patriarch, appeared at 
the meeting of that rjody and pre- 
sented the revelation on celestial 
marriage, at the same time declaring 
it to be from God. 

"After the reading of this paper 
Elder Grover made a statement to 
the effect that Hyrum there and then 
asserted that those brethren who 
received the revelation should be 
blessed and preserved, while those 
who rejected it would go down. Nine 
members of the Council accepted and 
three took a stand against it. Those 
three subsequently apostatized, were 
excommunicated from the Church 
and are all now dead (except one). 

"Elder Joseph B. Noble next ad- 
dressed the conference. He stated 
that the Prophet Joseph told him 
that the doctrine of celestial mar- 
riage was revealed to him while he 
was engaged on the work of trans- 
lation of the Scriptures, but when 
the communication was first made 
the Lord stated that the time for the 
practice of that principle had not 
arrived. Subsequently, he stated, 
the angel of the Lord appeared to 



PLURAL MARRIAGE. 



233 



him and informed him that the time 
had fully come. Elder Noble sealed 
his wife's sister to Joseph, that be- 
ing the first plural marriage con- 
summated. The Prophet gave the 
form of the ceremony, Elder Noble 
repeating the words after him. Elder 
Noble bore testimony to the purity 
of character of his sister-in-law, who 
was a woman of irreproachable mo- 
rality, who entered into the plural 
marriage relation on a deep-seated 
conviction that the doctrine was from 
God. 

"President Taylor spoke briefly, 
stating that he was present at a meet- 
ing of the leading authorities of the 
Church in Nauvoo, at which the sub- 
ject of the revelation on celestial 
marriage was laid before them and 
unanimously received as from God. 
Joseph declared that unless it was 
received the Church could progress 
no further. Soon after he met the 
Prophet Joseph, who, addressing the 
speaker, said the time had come 
when he must embrace the doctrine 
of plural marriage. 

"President George Q. Cannon de- 
livered a thrillingly powerful dis- 
course on the subject of plural mar- 
riage, showing that while those who 
had entered into that relation prop- 
erly had, as a rule, been greatly 
blessed, men who had tampered with 
the other sex outside of the ' mar- 
riage relation,' had wilted and gone 
down in every instance. Those who 
had embraced the doctrine were the 
leading men of the Church, posses- 
sing the Hol3 T Spirit to a much more 
than ordinary degree. The speaker 
showed how the Lord had not con- 
fined His blessing to any class, or 
special families, but men of humble 
origin had been selected as his in- 
struments to forward his purposes. 
It would yet transpire, he said, that 
God would take men out of the 
humbler walks of life and of them 
make Apostles and Prophets, who 
would perform mighty works in His 
name. The discourse was reported 
in full." 

We could produce hundreds of 
other testimonies of a similar nature 



to these given above, were it neces- 
sary, but what we have already given 
must be deemed fully sufficient to 
prove, beyond a shadow of doubt, 
that Joseph Smith, the Prophet, did 
teach and practice the principle of 
plural marriage in his lifetime. Sum- 
ming up the information received 
from the parties already mentioned 
and from other sources, we find that 
the following named ladies, besides 
a few others, about whom we have 
been unable to get all the neces- 
sary information, were sealed to the 
Prophet Joseph Smith during the 
last three years of his life. Bio- 
graphical sketches of some of these 
ladies are published in this number 
of the Record, and others will be 
published hereafter: 

Louisa Beman, married to the 
Prophet April 5, 1841, Joseph B. 
Noble officiating. See sketch, 
page 

Fanny Alger, one of the first 
plural wives sealed to the Prophet. 
See sketch, page 

Lucinda Harris, also one of the 
first women sealed to the Prophet 
Joseph. See sketch, page 

Zina D. Huntington, afterwards 
the wife of Pres. Brigham Young, 
sealed to the Prophet Oct. 27, 1841, 
Dimick B. Huntington officiating. 
Her sister Fanny was present as a 
witness. See sketch, page 

Prescindia L. Huntington, after- 
wards the wife of Heber C. Kimball, 
sealed to Joseph Dec. 11, 1841, 
Dimick B. Huntington officiating 
and Fanny A. Huntington present 
as a witness. See sketch, page 

Eliza Roxcy Snow, married to the 
Prophet June 29, 1842, Pres. Brig- 
ham Young officiating. See sketch, 
page 

Sarah Ann Whitney, afterwards 



234 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



the wife of Pres. Heber C. Kimball, 
married to Joseph July 27, 1842, 
her father Newel K. Whitney officia- 
ting. See sketch, page 

Desdemona W. Fullmer, married 
in 1842. See sketch, page 235. 

Helen Mar Kimball, daughter of 
Pres. Heber C. Kimball and after- 
wards the wife of Horace K. Whit- 
ney, married to Joseph in May, 
1843. See sketch, page 

Eliza M. Partridge, afterwards the 
wife of Amasa M. Lyman, married 
to Joseph May 11, 1843, Elder 
James Adams officiating. See sketch, 
page 236. 

Emily D. Partridge, afterwards 
the wife of Pres. Brigham Young, 
married to the Prophet May 11, 
1843, Elder James Adams officiating. 
See sketch, page 240. 

Lucy Walker, afterwards the wife 
of Pres. Heber C. Kimball, married 
to the Prophet May 1, 1843, Elder 
Win. Clayton officiating. See sketch, 
page 236. 

Almera W. Johnson, married to 
the Prophet in August, 1843. See 
sketch, page 235. 

Malissa Lott, afterwards the wife 
of Ira Jones Willes, married to Jo- 
seph Sept. 20, 1843. See sketch, 
page 119. 

Fanny Young, a sister of Pres. 
Brigham Young, married to Joseph 



Nov. 2, 1843. Brigham Young of- 
ficiating. See sketch, page 

Maria Lawrence, a sister of Henry 
W. Lawrence, of Salt Lake City, 
married in 1843. See sketch, page . 

Sarah Lawrence, a sister of Henry 
W. Lawrence, of Salt Lake City, 
married to Joseph in 1843. See 
sketch, page 

Hannah Ells, sister of Dr. Josiah 
Ells, of Nauvoo. See sketch, page 

Flora Ann Woodworth, daughter 
of Lucien Woodworth. See sketch, 
page 

Ruth D.Vose, known as the wife of 
Edward Sayers. See sketch, page . 

Mary Elizabeth Rollins, now liv- 
ing in Minersville, Beaver Co., Utah. 
See sketch, page 

Olive Frost, afterwards the wife 
of Pres. Brigham Young. See sketch 
below. 

Rhoda Richards, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Rhoda Richards. See 
sketch, page 

Sylvia Sessions, daughter of David 
and Patty Sessions. See sketch. 

Maria Winchester, daughter of 
Benjamin Winchester, sen. See 
sketch, page 

Elvira A. Cowles, afterwards the 
wife of Jonathan H. Holmes. See 
sketch, page 

Sarah M. Cleveland. See sketch, 
page 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



FROST, (OLIVE GREY,) daughter of Aaron 
Frost and Susan Grey, was born in the town 
of Bethel, Oxford Co., Maine, July 24, 1816. 
She possessed a happy and genial disposi- 
tion, and gained many friends, whose friend- 
ship grew stronger as time advaueed and 
they learned to appreciate her good qualities. 
When quite young she was religiously in- 
clined, and would often retire to some pri- 
vate place, with a chosen companion, to 
pour out her soul in secret prayer to that 



Being, who rewards openly, and frequently 
she incurred ridicule thereby from those 
who were less sober minded. When about 
eighteen years of age she and her particular 
friend, Miss Louisa Foster, learned the 
tailoress trade, and they went together from 
place to place, among their acquaintances, to 
work at this business, thereby being able to 
lighten the labors of the busy housewives. 
While engage:! at this work in the neigh- 
boring town of Dixrield, Elder Duncan Mc- 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



235 



Arthur visited that place and preached the 
Gospel as taught by the Latter-day Saints, 
in such plainness that her willing mind, al- 
ready prepared by earnest prayer, soon 
comprehended its vast importance, and she 
received it joyfully. She was baptized by 
Elder McArthur, and she always looked 
upon him with reverence as her "father in 
the Gospel." She endured much opposition 
on account of the new religion she had em- 
braced, but she never faltered, and upon 
her return home, she and Sister Lucy Smith, 
who had also joined the Church, found great 
strength and consolation in retiring to the 
grove to pray, even when the weather was 
so severe that they had to take a quilt or 
blanket to protect them from the cold. 
Unity of faith was now added to the tie of 
friendship. Their prayers took new form, 
for they now had something more tangible 
to ask for and a more perfect Being to 
address God had respect unto their integ- 
rity and petitions, and led them in the way 
of salvation and life eternal. Sister Olive 
continued thus, working at her trade and 
contending for her religion until the fall of 
1840, when, at the earnest solicitation of her 
sister Mary Ann and brother-in-law Parley 
P. Pratt, she accompanied them to England, 
where she remained two years. She will- 
ingly forsook father and mother, brothers 
and sisters, and braved the dangers of the 
great deep, to aid in spreading the Gospel 
in a foreign land. These two sisters were 
the first missionary woman of this dispen- 
sation to cross the sea in the interest of this 
Church. They were fifteen weeks on the 
sea goins: and coming. Sister Olive was not 
afflicted with seasickness, and was therefore 
enabled to devote herself to her sick sister, 
and the care of the family. Her health, 
however, was never robust, and often while 
in England, if she walked a long distance to 
and from meeting, she would spit blood. 
She made many warm Mends among the 
Saints on the British Isles. On the return 
voyage the measles broke out among the 
passengers, and after going on board the 
steamer on the Mississippi River, Sister Olive 
was stricken with this desease. She was very 
sick the rest of the journey up to Chester, 
111., where she tarried with the family of her 
sister through the winter. In the spring 
she continued her journey to Nauvoo, where 
she arrived April 12, 1843. In the following 
summer her heart was gladdened by the 
arrival of her father and mother and two 
sisters, this making six of the family who 
had embraced the newly revealed Gospel. 
She joined the first organization of the 
Female Relief Society at Nauvoo, and took 



great interest in it. She was very zealous 
in soliciting aid for and in visiting those who 
were needy and in distress. Her heart was 
always tender towards suffering of every 
kind, and it gave her unbounded joy and 
satisfaction to be able to alleviate it. She 
seemed to realize and appreciate the magni- 
tude of the great and important mission 
allotted to woman in the perfect plan of this 
Gospel dispensation, and she desired to do 
her part in the good work. She freely ac- 
corded to man the title of king, and joyfully 
accepted the place of queen by his side, for 
it was at this time that the principle of 
plurality of wives was taught to her. She 
never opposed it, and, as in the case of bap- 
tism, soon accepted it to be her creed, in 
practice as well as theory. She was married 
for time and all eternity to Joseph Smith, 
some time previous to his death and martyr- 
dom. After the death of the Prophet she 
was sealed to Pres. Brigham Young for 
time. Sister Olive died at Nauvoo, 111., Oct. 
6, 1845, after two weeks' suffering with the 
chills and fever and pneumonia. She died, 
as she had lived, in full faith of the Gospel 
of Christ, and awaits the glorious resurrec- 
tion day. Mary Ann Pratt. 

FULLMER, (Desdemoxa Wadsworth,) 
daughter of Peter Fullmer and Susannah 
Zefers, and sister of the late David Fullmer, 
was born in Huntington, Luzerne County, 
Penn., Oct. 6, 1S09. She embraced the Gos- 
pel about the close of the year 1836, in Rich- 
land County, Ohio, being baptized by Elder 
John P. Greene. Soon afterwards she re- 
moved to Kirtland, Ohio, and from that time 
fin-ward shared in the persecutions to which 
the Church was subjected in Ohio, Missouri 
and Illinois. She was living with her brother 
David, near Haun's Mill, Mo., at the time 
when the massacre of the Saints occurred at 
that place, and she and other members of 
the family were under the necessity of 
secreting themselves in the woods to escape 
the mob. She was among the first to enter 
into the order of celestial marriage, being 
married to the Prophet Joseph Smith in 
Nauvoo in 1842. She remained at Nauvoo 
until the final expulsion of the Saints. In 1848 
she came to Utah and located in Salt Lake 
City. For many years she resided in the 
Sixth Ward, where she died Feb. 9, 1SS6, in 
the 77th year of her life. She was a quiet, 
unassuming, faithful woman, and was great- 
ly respected by all who had the pleasure of 
her acquaintance. 

JOHNSON, (Almera Woodward,) 
daughter of Ezekiel Johnson and Julia Hills, 
was lorn at Westford, Chittenden Co., Ver- 



236 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



mont, Oct 21, 1812, and raised principally at 
Pomfnt, near Fredonia, Chautauqua Co., 
New York. She joined the Church in 1832 
and moved to KJrtland, Ohio, in 1888. From 
thai time Bhe shared in the persecutions 
raging against the Saints until 1840, when 
Bhe removed to Nauvoo, \\ here she was mar- 
ried to tin: Prophet Joseph Smith in August, 
1843. The ceremony was performed by Elder 
William Clayton at the bouse of Almera's 
sister, Mrs. Delcena l>. Sherman. Patriarch 
II\ ruin Smith was present and remarked at 
the time to Sister Almera, "The Lord has 
revealed the principle of plural marriage to 
me, and I know for myself thai ii is true. I 
will have you for a sister, and you shall be 

blest. n After the Prophetwas killed, and 
wh<n the Church was leaving Nauvoo, Sister 
Almera married Reuben Barton, and re- 
moved to Council Bluffs, Iowa, where she 
buried five girls. In 1861 she came to Utah 
with her brother Joseph E.Johnson. Pre- 
vious to this her husband had apostatized; 
and he never came to the valleys. She lived 
a shc.rt lime in Salt Lake City, then resided 
three years in Utah County, since winch she 
has lived in Iron County, principally in 
Parowan, which is herpresenl home. 

kimball, (Lucy Walker,) daughter 
of John Walker and Lydia Holmes, was born 
at Peacham, Caledonia Co., Vermont, April 
30, 1820, and was baptized by Elder Abra- 
ham Palmer, at Ogdensburgh, N. Y., while 
in her ninth year. In 1838 she removed with 
her parents and the Ogdensburgh branch of 
the Church to Missouri, passing through 
Kii tland, Ohio, which had just been evacu- 
ated bymosl of the Saints. Before crossing 
the line into Caldwell County, .Mo., the little 
company of Saints fromOgdensburgh,travel- 
Ing in seven wagons, was surrounded by a 
mob, consisting of about forty men with 
painted faces, who searched the WagOU8 
thoroughly, tools away all the arms and am- 
munition which they Could find, and ordered 
sonic of the women and children out into 
the snow, among whom was Lucy's mother, 
a frail and delicate woman. All this hap- 
pened on a cold and unpleasant day, early 

in the morning. Tin- company then trav- 
eled on until they reached a point within 

live miles of I bum's Mills, where they formed 
a camp. Brother v alker then proceeded to 
tic- .Mi]|< to counsel with President Joseph 
Young and some other brethren who were 
Btopping then- temporarily. This was on 
Oct. 80, 1888, the memorable day on which 
the massacre took place. During the Bhoot- 
Ing Bi'o. Walker was wounded in the arm, 
and subsequently Buffered considerable from 
the effects thereof. Immediately after the 



massacre a young man came running across 
the prairie to the little camp of immigrants 
and told them what had happened at the 
Mills, adding that the mob would soon also 
attack them. Upon hearing this some of 
the women picked up their babes and tried 
to wade through the deep snow, towards 
the neighboring woods, but after suffering 
almost beyond description from cold and 
exposure they were obliged to return to the 
wagons and trust in God for protection. 
The next morning early a young officer, 
with a pleasant, open face, came riding into 
the camp and told the travelers that the 
mob was coming down to destroy them, but 
if they would consent to follow him, he 
would lead them to a place of safety. At 
first they were not inclined to believe him, 
but finally concluded to follow him and risk 
the consequences. The young man, who 
appeared not to be in sympathy with the 
mob, then led the little company on a back 
trail to a secluded place, where they scat- 
tered and found temporary shelter among 
the settlers. In a couple of weeks, Bro. 
Walker, who had been reported killed, re- 
joined his family, and the following spring 
most of the little party continued their jour- 
ney until they reached Quincy, 111. In the 
spring of 1840 the Walker family removed 
to Nauvoo, where they became intimately 
acquainted with Pres. Joseph Smith and 
lived in his family for a number of years. 
On May 1, 1843, Sister Lucy was married to 
the Prophet as a plural wife. After the 
martyrdom of Joseph and Ilyrum Smith 
she lived with her eldest brother, William, 
and in 184o' left Nauvoo to come west. After 
spending two winters at Winter Quarters 
she arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley in 
1848, in the company of Heber C. Kimball, 
to whom she was married in 1845, and 
subsequently had nine children by him. She 
resided in Salt Lake City until 18G8, when 
she accompanied her husband to Provo. 
Soon afterwards Pics. Kimball died, but she 
remained in Utah County for several years, 
where she took an active part in the Provo 
Fourth Ward Female Belief Society, tilling 
also many important positions of trust. She 
now resides with her youngest daughter in 
the Ninth Ward, Salt Lake City. 

LYMAN, (Eliza .M. Partridge,) eldest 
daughter of Bishop Edward Partridge and 

Lydia Clisbee, was born at Paincsville, 
Geauga (now Lake) Co.. Ohio, April 20, 
1820. She became a member of tin- Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1831, 
which action changed the prospects of her 
whole life. Prom having been in easy cir- 
cumstances before, her subsequent life was 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



237 



to be one of privation and self-sacrifice. Be- 
coming identified with the Saints in her 
youth, she was early imbued with a love 
for the principles of the Gospel and a rev- 
erence for truth and honesty. Having to 
suffer the privations incident to the perse- 
cutions endured by the Saints in Missouri 
ard Illinois, she was deprived of those ad- 
vantages of education generally considered 
necessary to qualify a young woman to ap- 
pear to advantage in company; at the same 
time her inherent qualities of modesty and 
good sense, coupled with a studious disposi- 
tion, enabled her to surmount obstacles and 
gain sufficient book learning to become a 
teacher, and she was able to appear to ad- 
vantage in the best society. With no osten- 
tation she was generally self-possessed under 
all circumstances. Although filling honor- 
able positions in connection with the benev- 
olent institutions among the Saints, her life 
labor was most appreciated by her intimate 
friends and relatives. She was one of the 
first to receive the doctrine of celestial mar- 
riage being taught that principle by the 
Prophet Joseph Smith, to whom she was 
married as a plural wife, March 8, 1843, 
by Apostle Heber C. Kimball. About two 
months later, on May 11, 1843, the marriage 
ceremony was repeated in the presence of 
Emma Smith, the Prophet's first wife, Elder 
James Adams officiating. In those days 
it required considerable self-sacrifice as well 
as faith to enter into that order. After the 
death of the Prophet, Sister Eliza was mar- 
ried to Apostle Amasa M. Lyman, by whom 
she had five children; three of them survived 
her. Her son Platte D. Lyman was born in 
a wagon on the Platte River, near Fort 
Laramie, while journeying to the valleys of 
the mountains; the parents having been 
driven out by mob violence with the rest of 
the Saints from Nauvoo. She accompanied 
her son Platte D. Lyman to San Juan, 
where he was sent to take charge of a com- 
pany of settlers, having to make a road 
through an almost impassable country in 
the winter time. The suffering and anxiety 
consequent upon that journey, and the resi- 
dence in the San Juan country (where her 
son Joseph A. was shot in the knee by a 
horse thief and lay helpless between life and 
death for about a year, being surrounded by 
Indians, Utes on the one side, and Navajos 
on the other), no doubt served to break 
down a constitution by no means robust. 
Upon the release of her son from the Pres- 
idency of the San Juan Stake, she returned 
to her old home in Oak City, Millard Co., 
Utah, where she appeared to feel unusually 
contented. Although enjoying the society 



of the Saints and always rejoicing in the 
principles of the Gospel, her lot in life was 
not an easy one; but it was one of self- 
sacrifice almost from infancy, and she was 
never happier than when ministering to the 
comfort of others. She died at Oak City, 
March 2, 1886. 

NOBLE, (Joseph Bates,) a son of Eze- 
kiel Noble and Theodotia Bates, was born 
in Egremont, Berkshire Co., Mass., Jan. 14, 
1810. When he was about five years old his 
parents removed to Pen Held, Monroe Co., 
N. Y. From 1827 to 1834 he was engaged in 
the flouring mill business, and with the 
means earned he rendered his parents con- 
siderable assistance, they beiug poor and 
having a large family of children. Notwith- 
standing the many religious revival meet- 
ings held in the neighborhood at that time, 
he never connected himself with any of the 
sects, as he held different views to those 
entertained by the majority of the people. 
Especially did the absence of the gifts and 
blessings of the Gospel, as manifested among 
the early Christians, cause him serious re- 
flections. Some time in the spring of 1832 
Elders Brigham and Joseph Young and 
Heber C. Kimball came to Avon, Livingston 
Co., N. Y., where the Noble family resided 
at that time, and commenced preaching the 
fulness of the Gospel. At their first meet- 
ing at that place,which was held in a private 
house, the spirit of God was poured out in 
a great measure, and Elder B. Young spoke 
in tongues. After listening to the first ser- 
mon, young Noble was convinced of its truth. 
A few weeks later he was baptized by Elder 
Young. In the summer of 1S33 he traveled 
about two hundred miles to Kirtland, Ohio, 
to visit Joseph Smith. He met the Prophet 
going out to work in the hay field, and in 
order to receive instructions from his in- 
spired lips Bro. Noble labored together with 
him in the field six days out of the nine he 
remained in Kirtland. During his stay there 
Elder Brigham Young came in from Canada; 
five or six very interesting meetings were 
held, in which the gift of tongues and proph- 
ecy was enjoyed by several of the brethren 
present, and much instruction was given by 
the Prophet. In the beginning of July Bro. 
Noble returned home, traveling with Elder 
Brigham Young part of the way. Early in 
L a 34 a call was made upon the young men of 
the Church in the East to accompany the 
Prophet to Missouri for the purpose of as- 
sisting the Saints, who had been driven out 
of Jackson County, to return to their homes, 
Bro.Noble was among the two hundred who 
responded to this call. He accordingly bid 
farewell to his father's family and all his 



238 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



acquaintances (notwithstanding the earnest 
solicitation of his friends, who tried to per- 
suade him to remain at the mill, where his 
labors were much needed) and started on 
his journey May 1, 1834. Traveling by stage 
and steamer he arrived in Kirtland on the 
6th to find that the Prophet with a number 
of the brethren had already started for Mis- 
souri the day previous. Bro. Noble imme- 
diately hired Father John Johnson to take 
him to Wooster, Wayne Co., where he fell 
in with other brethren with whom he con- 
tinued the journey and finally overtook the 
main company of Zion's Camp, with which 
he then traveled to Clay County, Mo. When 
the cholera broke out in the camp, Bro. 
Noble was appointed to take care of four of 
the sufferers. He remained with them in a 
small room until they were all dead, after 
which he accompanied Elders Brigham 
Young and Heber C. Kimball to Liberty, 
about two miles from the camp. There he 
was violently seized with the dreadful malady 
himself. For 48 hours he suffered the most 
severe pains with vomiting and purging, 
while a burning fever io the bowels and 
distressing cramps, such as are peculiar to 
cholera, threatened him with momentary 
death. His voice also failed and his hearing 
nearly left him. While laying in this painful 
condition, Elders Brigham and Joseph 
Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, 
Peter Whitmer and some two or three others 
came in and administered to him. While 
they were praying for him he was blessed 
with a glorious vision, in which he, among 
other things, saw the holy city (the New Je- 
rusalem), and while gazing upon its glory 
and admiring its beauty, he heard a voice 
saying, "Behold, the blessed abode of the 
Saints." The power of God rested upon 
him in a most marvelous manner; he was 
almost instantly healed from his sickness, 
and while the brethren were yet with him 
he arose and dressed himself. Two days 
later he started on his return trip to Ohio, 
in company with Lyman E. and Luke S. 
Johnson, Sylvester Smith, Zebedee Coltrin, 
Zerubbabel Snow and others. They arrived 
in Kirtland about the 1st of August. A few 
days later Elder Noble continued his jour- 
ney to his home in New York State, where 
he married Miss Mary Adeline Beman, Sept. 
11, 1837. He had been engaged to this lady 
for two years previous. She was the daugh- 
ter of Alva Beman, a well-to-do farmer, who 
lived a short distance from the Noble family 
residence. This Alva Beman was well ac- 
quainted with Joseph Smith before the com- 
ing forth of the Book of Mormon, and on 
one occasion he assisted the young Prophet 



in hiding the plates from a mob, who were 
trying to get them in their possession. Mr. 
Beman was permitted to handle the plates 
wrapped in a thin cloth covering, but did 
not see them. A few days after his mar- 
riage, Bro. Noble returned to Ohio with his 
young wife, where they commenced house- 
keeping. During the winter of 1834-35 he 
attended the Elders' school in Kirtland, 
while he was engaged as miller in the neigh- 
boring village of Willoughby. In the be- 
ginning of 1835, when the first quorum of 
Seventies was organized in Kirtland, he was 
ordained a member thereof. Some time 
afterwards he was called to go on a mission, 
but was released in order to attend the 
Hebrew School, taught by a Mr. Seixas, at 
KMland. He was present at the dedication 
of the Kirtland Temple in 1836 and wit- 
nessed some of the glorious manifestations 
of the power of God in that building, where 
he also received his washings and anoint- 
ings. After this he performed a mission to 
southern Ohio, and in 1838 removed to Cald- 
well Co., Mo., traveling thither with a small 
company of Saints from Canada. He located 
temporarily at Far West after the persecu- 
tions against the Saints there had com- 
menced, and took an active part in the de- 
fense of the town until he, in connection 
with his brethren, was compelled to deliver 
up his arms to the commanders of the mob 
militia. He visited Joseph Smith and fellow- 
prisoners in Liberty jail several times, and 
was among the number of visitors present 
when the attempt to break jail was made 
in February, 1839. Previous to this Elder 
Noble had been very active in removing the 
Saints from Adam-ondi- Ahnian to Far West, 
and in the spring of 1839 left Missouri agree- 
able to the exterminator order of Gov. L. 
W. Boggs. After a short stay in Quincy, 
111., he assisted to remove Hyrum Smith 
and family and others to Commerce, after 
which he located with his own family at 
Montrose, Iowa, where he was set apart to 
act as a Counselor to Bishop Elias Smith. 
While living in one of the old military bar- 
racks at Montrose, he was taken sick and 
brought near the point of death from the 
effects of chills and fever. Nearly all the 
Saints located on the river bottom at that 
time were suffering from severe sickness be- 
cause of the. unhealthfulness of the locality. 
After having administered to the Saints on 
the Nauvoo side, the Prophet Joseph and 
several other brethren came to pay the sick 
in Montrose a visit. Finding Elder Noble in 
a dying condition, the Prophet, immediately 
after entering the hut, took him by the hand 
and said, "Brother Noble, you have been 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



239 



acquainted with me too long to lie here thus 
prostrated," and raising his voice he re- 
buked the disease, saying, "In the name ol 
Jesus Christ arise and walk." Bro- Noble 
immediately leaped out of bed, but in at- 
tempting to dress he fainted. When he 
again regained consciousness he found the 
Prophet standing by his side, who, after a 
few moments said, "Bro. Noble, why didst 
thou doubt." He then rebuked the disease a 
second time, and Elder Noble was healed in 
an instant. Agreeable to the wish of the 
Prophet, Elder Noble removed to Nauvoo in 
1841. There he was ordained a High Priest 
and appointed to act as a Bishop of the Nau- 
voo Fifth Ward. He continued to act in 
this capacity until the exodus in 1846. Pre- 
vious to this the Prophet had taught him 
the principle of plural marriage, Brother 
Noble being one of those trusted men in 
whom Joseph placed the utmost confidence. 
On various occasions he assisted Joseph to 
cross the Mississippi River when his enemies 
were on the alert to kidnap or arrest him. 
A young, intelligent woman by the name of 
Louisa Beman, a sister of Elder Noble's 
wife, was at that time living in the family. 
To her the Prophet paid his attentions with 
a view of yeilding obedience to the principle 
of plural marriage. The girl, after being 
convinced that the principle was true, con- 
sented to become the Prophet's wife, and 
on April 5,1841, she was married to him, 
Elder Noble officiating. Brother Noble also 
obeyed this higher law on April 5, 1843, 
when Sarah B. Alley was sealed to him for 
time and all eternity, the Prophet himself 
officiating. The first issue of this marriage 
was George Omner Noble (now an Elder 
in the Church), who was born in Nau- 
voo Feb. 2, 1844. He is supposed to have 
been the first polygamous child born in this 
dispensation. Subsequently Elder Noble 
married other women, and he is now the 
father of 33 children by six different wives. 
Elder Noble has also figured prominently as 
a military man. While living in Iowa he 
was duly commissioned (July 29, 1S41) sec- 
ond lieutnant in a company of mounted 
dragoons of the Iowa militia, and subse- 
quently (April 27, 1843) he was commis- 
sioned by Governor Thomas Ford as qmirter- 
master sergeant in the second cohort of the 
Nauvoo Legion. He was also one of the 
Prophet's body guard and was with the 
company who escorted the Prophet in his 
journey towards Carthage, June 24, 18-14. 
While the company was returning to Nau- 
voo after the State arms, having met Capt. 
Dunn, Elder Noble turned aside from his 
companions and rode into a ravine or hollow 



which led towards Nauvoo and was several 
miles long. A few moments later the Prophet 
and his brother Hyrum also came riding 
into the ravine, and Joseph, seeing Elder 
Noble, invited him to come and ride with 
them. He did so, and while the three were 
traveling towards the city together, the 
Prophet asked Hyrum, "What signifies the 
Holy Ghost in relation to the outcome of 
this difficulty?" Hyrum, in a very sober 
and thoughtful manner, replied, "If they 
kill us, it will be all right." This was the 
first intimation that Elder Noble had of the 
possibility of the Prophet being slain, and 
the mere thought of such a thins; caused 
him to weep like a child, for he loved 
Brother Joseph as he loved his own life. 
Joseph did not reply at once to Hyrum's 
significant remarks, but rode on in silence 
and apparently in deep meditation. At 
length he brightened up and spoke with his 
usual characteristic emphasis, "If they kill 
me, they will kill an innocent man, and my 
blood be upon them." Having reached the 
Temple in advance of the company,and while 
riding down the hill towards the Mansion, 
the Prophet instructed Elder Noble to in- 
form Capt. Dunn, on his arrival, that the 
State arms would be delivered to him at the 
Masonic Hall, where they were stored away. 
To deliver this message Elder Nohle parted 
with the Prophet for the last time, as he, 
being unwell, did not accompany the party 
to Carthage in the evening. When the ex- 
odus commenced in 1846 Elder Noble as- 
sisted the authorities of the Church to move 
across the river, and a few weeks later he 
with his family, also bid farewell to the 
"beloved city of the Saints," and started for 
the unknown West. He journeyed to the 
Missouri River, in charge of a small com- 
pany of exiles, and after the location of 
Winter Quarters, he was appointed Bishop 
of one of the principal wards, continuing to 
act in that capacity until the spring of 1847 
when he followed the Pioneers to G. S. L. 
Valley as captain of the first Fifty in Jed. 
M. Grant's Hundred. On the journey one 
of his wives gave birth to a daughter. That 
same fall he built three houses in ihe North 
Fort, over which he was called to preside as 
Bishop. When G. S. L. City was divided 
into 19 wards in February, 1849, he was ap- 
pointed first Counselor to Bishop Edward 
Hunter of the Thirteenth Ward, continuing 
to act in that capacity until the entire Bishop- 
ric of the ward was changed. In 1862 Elder 
Noble removed to Bountiful, Davis Co., where 
he previously had been engaged in farm- 
ing, he being one of the first who claimed 
land in that section of the country, as early 



240 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



as 1848. When the Davis Stake of Zion was 
organized In 1877, he was chosen as a mem- 
ber of the High Council of the Stake, in 
which capacity he is still acting. In 1872 he 
performed a mission to the United States> 
laboring principally in the States of New 
York, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Iowa. 
In 1886 he visited his relatives in New Mexico 
and Arizona. Ever since he has been en- 
gaged in home missionary labor, traveling 
in nearly all parts of the Territory. He has 
filled nearly all local positions of honor and 
trust within the gifts of the people, and is 
to-day highly respected as one of the faith- 
ful and tried veterans of the Church. 

YOUNG, (Emily Dow Paktkidge,) 
daughter of Edward Partridge and Lydia 
Clisbee, was born in Painesville, Geauga 
(now Lake) Co., Ohio., Feb. 28, 1824. She 
wrote the following on her 63rd birthday, 
Feb. 28, 1887, in Salt Lake City: "My parents 
joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints when I was about seven years 
old. Soon after my father removed with his 
family to Independence, Jackson Co., Mis- 
souri, where I was baptized by Elde'r John 
Corrill,when about eight years of age. I 
was with the Saints in their persecutions in 
Jackson, Clay and Caldwell Counties, Mo. 
After being driven from Far West, in 1839, 
we went to Illinois. We stayed a short time 
in Quincy and later in Pittstield, Pike Co., 
111., and when Commerce, in Hancock Coun- 
ty, was selected as a gathering place for 
the Saints, we removed thither and found 
temporary shelter in a tent. We suffered 
much with sickness at that then unhealthy 
place, and there also my father died, May 
27, 1840. Our family were in the depths of 
poverty. My sister Eliza and I, having now 
arrived at an age in which we might earn 
our own living and perhaps contribute some- 
thing to help our mother and the smaller 
children, were considering what we had 
better do, when the Prophet Joseph and his 
wife Emma offered us a home in their fam- 
ily, and they treated us with great kindness. 
We had been there about a year when the 
principle of plural marriage was made 
known to us, and I was married to Joseph 
Smith on the 4th of March, 1843, Elder 
Heber C Kimball performing the ceremony. 
My sister Eliza was also married to Joseph 
a few days later. This was done without 
the knowledge of Emma Smith. Two months 
afterwards she consented to give her hus- 
band two wives, provided he would give her 
the privilege of choosing them. She accord- 
ingly chose my sister Eliza and myself, and 
to save family trouble Brother Joseph 
thought it best to have another ceremony 



performed. Accordingly on the 11th of May, 
1843, we were sealed to Joseph Smith a 
second time, in Emma's presence, she giv- 
ing her free and full consent thereto. From 
that very hour, however, Emma was our 
bitter enemy. We remained in the family 
several months after this, but things went 
from bad to worse until we were obliged to 
leave the house and find another home. 
Emma desired us to leave the city, but after 
considering the matter over, we decided to 
remain with our friends. After the Prophet 
Joseph's death I was married to Pres. Brig- 
ham Young, according to the laws of proxy. 
I received my blessings in the Nauvoo Tem- 
ple, and in 184C, in the middle of February, 
I left Nauvoo, crossing the Mississippi River, 
and was again a wanderer without home or 
shelter, with a wildernes full of Indians and 
wild beasts before me, and cruel and heart- 
less beings behind me. The day after cross- 
ing the river I might have been seen sitting 
on a log in a blinding snow-storm, with a 
three-months- old babe in my arms. I will 
not attempt to describe my feelings at that 
time, but cold and hungry I surely was, and 
the prospect looked rather dismal. At this 
time I was almost 22 years old. My child- 
hood had been spent amidst mobs and mob- 
bings, until they almost seemed as a mattei 
of course, for this was the fourth time I had 
been driven by mobs. After a tedious jour- 
ney of nearly three years, of which I spent 
one winter at Mount Pisgah, Iowa, and an- 
other at Winter Quarters, I arrived in the 
Great Salt Lake Valley in the fall of 1848. 
I have often seen the dark clouds gather 
over our people, and as many times have I 
witnessed the hand of God in dispelling 
dangers, and in sustaining and delivering 
the Saints, even in their darkest and most 
distressing hours. And although at this 
time (1887) the dark clouds are gathering 
over us once more, and our enemies are ex- 
erting their energies to the utmost for our 
destruction, yet I do know that the Lord is 
our God, and that he in his own time will 
deliver his people from the yoke of oppres- 
sion and tyrrany. I do know that this is 
God's work, and that this Gospel is true; 
God will bear off His Kingdom, let what 
will oppose. I am the mothor of seven 
children, by President Young, two sons and 
five daughters. The eldest, a son, and the 
youngest, a daughter, are dead. The rest 
are married and have children of their own. 
My children's names are a follows: Edward 
P., Emily Augusta, Caroline, Joseph Don C. 
Meriam, Josephine and Lura. I have 27 
grand children." (See her authobiography 
in the Woman' 1 s Exponent, Vols. 13 and 14.) 



the; 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 



Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Eiographical, Chrono- 
logical and Statistical Matters. 



What th 



west, write in a book." Rev. 1,11. 



Nos. 6-8. 



AUGUST, 1887. 



Vol. VI. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



BRIGHAM YOUNG, (JUNIOR), 
A son of President Brigharn Young 
and Mary Ann Angell, was born in 
Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, Dec. 18, 
1836 ; removed with his parents to 
Missouri and afterwards to Illinois 
in the midst of persecution, and was 
baptized by his father in the Missis- 
sippi River, at Nauvoo, 111., in 1844, 
when about eight A'ears old. "When 
the exodus from Nauvoo took place, 
in 1846, he accompanied his father's 
family into the wilderness, arriving 
in G. S. L. Valley in September, 
1848. His early years in the valley 
were spent in herding stock, going 
into canyons and performing con- 
siderable hard manual labor. He 
was also one of the "minute men" 
who spent much of his time on 
guard, watching and fighting hostile 
Indians, and participated in several 
dangerous expeditions to the moun- 
tains. Nov. 15, 185;"), he married 
Catherine Curtis .Spencer, a daughter 
of the late Orson Spencer, and about 
sixteen months later (early in 1857) 
he yeilded obedience to the principle 
of plural marriage by marrying Jane 
Carrington, a daughter of Albert 
Carrington. During the Echo Camyon 
war he did excellent service as a 



scout, and when out reconnoitring 
in the mountains he often suffered 
untold hardships. He was also one 
of a relief party sent back to meet a 
hand-cart company of emigrants, on 
which trip he was attacked by in- 
flammatory rheumatism, which came 
near killing him, and from the effects 
of which he suffered many years 
afterwards. 

At the April Conference, 1861, he 
was called to act as a member of the 
High Council of the Salt Lake Stake 
of Zion, and in the spring of 1862 
he accompanied Delegate Bernhisel 
to the States. Having arrived in New 
York, he received a letter from his 
father, who wished him to go on a 
mission to Europe. He complied 
with this call, sailed for England and 
arrived in Liverpool July 2G, 1862. 
He labored principally in London, 
in connection with Elder Win. C. 
Staines, and visited Scandinavia and 
other parts of Europe ; returned 
home in 1863, sailing from Liver- 
pool Sept. 1st of that year 

In 1864 he was called on another 
mission to Europe for the purpose 
of assisting Pres. Daniel H. Wells in 
the Presidency of the European Mis- 
sion. Accompanied by his wife 



242 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Catherine, he left his mountain home 
in April of that year and arrived in 
Liverpool, England, July 25th. He 
located at 42 Islington, and in 
August, 1865, succeeded Daniel H. 
Wells in the Presidency of the Mis- 
sion. While acting in that capacity, 
he traveled extensively in the British 
Isles, and also made several trips 
to the Continent, visiting France, 
Switzerland. Germany, Denmark, 
Sweden, Norway, Russia and other 
countries. Agreeable to a request 
of his father to return to Utah on a 
visit, he sailed from Liverpool Sept. 
19, 1865, with the steamship City oj 
Paris, leaving Apostle Orson Pratt 
in charge of the mission. In cross- 
ing the Atlantic a fearful storm came 
up. Part of the ship's rigging was 
blown away, one man was washed 
overboard, and the vessel came near 
going to the bottom. Elder Young 
and a sister who emigrated to Utah 
were the only Latter-day Saints on 
board. While the storm was raging 
a big burly Irishman, a sort of a 
religious crank, ascribed the cause of 
the storm to the fact that there was 
a Jonah on board in the shape of a 
"Mormon" Elder, He made a terrible 
fuss and insisted that Elder Young 
should be thrown overboard, in order 
to save the ship from destruction. 
At last the captain had to interfere 
and compel the Irishman to hold his 
peace. After a hazardous jourue}^ 
Elder Young arrived in G. S. L. 
City Oct. 25th. 

The following spring he returned 
to England to bring his family home. 
He arrived in Liverpool March 20, 
1867, resumed the Presidency of the 
Mission, visited the world's exhibi- 
tion, at Paris, France, and finally, 
leaving the affairs of the Mission in 
harge of Apostle Franklin D. Rich- 



ards, embarked, with his family, on 
board the Cunard steamer Scotia and 
sailed from Liverpool June 29, 1867 ; 
they arrived safely home in the fall. 
On this mission of Elder Young and 
wife to Europe two children (Mabel 
A. and Joseph A.) were born to 
them. 

In 1868, when Pres. B. Young 
took the big grading contract from 
the Union Pacific Railway Company, 
Elder Young and his brother John 
W. acted as Agents for their father 
in letting out jobs to sub-contractors. 
Until the disorganization of the Nau- 
voo Legion, in 1870, Elder Young 
also held prominent positions as a 
military man, and did valuable ser- 
vice at the annual drills of the Terri- 
torial militia. 

Having previously been ordained 
to the Apostleship, he was set apart 
as one of the Twelve Apostles in 
Salt Lake City, Oct. 9, 1868. From 
that time until the present he has 
been chiefly engaged in labors per- 
taining to that high and holy calling. 
After the death of Apostle Ezra T. 
Benson, he was called by his father 
to take charge of the affairs of the 
Church in Cache Valley, for which 
purpose he located at Logan. He 
presided there until 1877, when the 
Cache Stake of Zion was organized. 

At the General Conference held in 
Salt Lake City in April, 1873, he 
was chosen as one of the assistant 
five Counselors to Pres. Brigham 
Young, and acted in that capacity 
until his father's death, necessarily 
spending considerable of his time in 
St. George, or southern Utah. 

After the death of Pres. Young he 
was appointed one of administrators 
of the estate, in the settlement of 
which he showed a just and amicable 
disposition, for which he. won the 



the twelve apostles. 



243 



respect and confidence of the Saints 
generally. On July 12, 1879, for 
refusing to deliver certain Church 
property into the hands of Receiver 
W. S. McCornick, he was adjudged 
guilty of contempt of court, by Judge 
Boreman,in the Third District Court, 
and arrested, in connection with John 
Taylor, Geo. Q. Cannon and Albert 
Carrington. On the following Aug. 
4th he, together with Elders Cannon 
and Carrington, was confined in the 
Utah Penitentiary for not complying 
with the court's order of exorbant 
bail. After more than three week's 
confinement, the order of Judge 
Boreman was reversed by the Utah 
Supreme Court, and the prisoners 
were released Aug. 28, 1879. 

In 1881 Elder Young went on a 
visit to Arizona, taking his wife 
Catherine along. They remained one 
year and returned to Utah in time 
for Elder Young to wait upon his 
sick mother during her last moments. 
She died in Salt Lake City June 27, 
1882. 

Elder Young has served several 
terms in the Utah Legislature, made 
several trips to the East in the 
interest of the Church, and occupied 
numerous other positions of honor 
and trust. Of late years he has trav- 
eled extensively in Utah, Arizona, 
New Mexico, Colorado, Old Mexico, 
etc., visiting the various Stakes of 
Zion and assisting his brethren of 
the Twelve in the many duties and 
responsibilities resting upon that 
quorum. While visiting the Yaqui 
Indians, in Mexico, he was attacked 
with yellow fever, which brought him 
near the point of death. He was 
healed by the power of God. He is 
now in exile on account of relig- 
ious persecutions raging against the 
Saints. 



ALBERT CARRINGTON. 

A member of the quorum of Twelve 
Apostles from 1870 to 1885, was born 
in Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 
Jan. 8, 1813. He graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in the class of 1833, 
and for two or three years subse- 
quently taught school and studied 
law in Pennsylvania. From that 
State he removed to Wisconsin, 
where he engaged in lead mining 
until 1844. In 1841 he joined the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, in Wiota, Wis., and on the 
abandonment of his business in 1844 
gathered to Nauvoo. This was at 
the very crisis of the troubles then 
occurring there, and just previous to 
the martyrdom of the Prophet. He 
was with the Saints in their exodus, 
crossing the Mississippi River with 
his family, Feb. 9, 1840, thus being 
one of the first to start for the Rocky 
Mountains. From the camp on Sugar 
Creek he went to Council Bluffs and 
was the following }^ear a member of 
the Pioneers, who went to the G. S. 
L. Valley. He returned with Pres. 
Brigham Young to gather the main 
body of the Saints, and journej-ed 
to the mountains with them in 1848. 

At the organization of the wards 
of G. S. L. City, in February, 1849, 
Elder Carrington was chosen as sec- 
ond Counselor to Bishop Heywood 
of Ward No. 17, which position he 
held for about six years. When 
the Provisional State of Deseret was 
organized, he was elected assessor 
and collector. He also acted as the 
first clerk of the High Council in the 
Salt Lake Stake of Zion. After the 
organization of Utah Territory he 
was repeatedly elected a member of 
the council until 1868, when he was 
sent to England to preside over the 
European Mission. After his return 
to Utah in 1870 he was (July 3, 1870) 
ordained one of the Twelve Apos- 
tles, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the death of Ezra T. Benson. Since 
then he has presided three times 
over the European Mission, namely 
1871-73, 1875-77 and 1880-82. 

From April, 1873, until President 
Young's death he acted as assistant 



244 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Counselor to the President of the 
Church, and for more than twenty 
years he was Pres. Brigham Young's 
secretary, and having been appointed 
one of the administrators of Pres. 
Young's estate, he labored in that 
capacity, after the President's death, 
until all the business connected with 
the estate was settled and the many 
difficulties adjusted. For refusing 
to comply with Judge Boreman's 
unjust demands, he was imprisoned 
in the Utah Penitentiary from the 
4th to the 28th of August, 1879, to- 
gether with Geo. Q. Cannon and 
Brigham Young, jun. 

Some years' ago he fell into trans- 
gression, which, when it came to 
light, resulted in his excommunica- 
tion from the Church for lewd and 
lascivious conduct and adultery on 
the 7th of November, 1885. This 
action was taken by the quorum of 
the Apostles, after a thorough ex- 
amination of his case. 

MOSES THATCHER, 

The sixth of the eight sods of 
Hezekiah Thatcher and Alley Kitchen, 
was born in Sangamon County, 111., 
Feb. 2, 1842. Pending the final ex- 
pulsion of the Saints from Nauvoo, 
and while his father was constantly 
engaged in defending his leading 
brethren from the encroachments of 
persecuting and despoiling bands of 
unscrupulous men, the earliest re- 
flections of the boy were rudely 
awakened by mobs repeatedly 
threatening to burn the house from 
over the head of his defenseless 
mother, who, with her younger chil- 
dren, was kept in constant dread, 
during those troublous times when 
many fled by the light of their burn- 
ing dwellings. The gloomy thoughts 
naturally attending such sad scenes 
could not fail to profoundly impress 
the sensitive mind of the boy. But 
relief was found, even at the tender 
age of four years, in contemplating 
the goodness of God, as in contrast 



with the wickedness of man. Thus, 
early religious impressions were 
made in the heart of the child who, 
from a distance, watched the sun- 
light play on the spire of the Nau- 
voo Temple and thought the bright- 
ness emanated from God's holy an- 
gels. His memory faintly grasps the 
misery, sickness and death that hung 
like a cloud over the wandering camps 
of an expelled people. But the hot 
sands that blistered his feet when 
walking the sun-scorched plains, while 
lolling cattle hauled their heavy loads 
towards the setting sun, as they 
wearily followed the trail of the Pio- 
neers, are still remembered. The 
snows and frosts of the winter of 
1847-48 and the hunger that gnawed 
for a whole year as he herded sheep 
and digged roots are not forgotten ; 
nor are other early valley scenes, 
wherein Indians caught the bleating 
lambs of his flock with their raw- 
hide ropes and enforced an exchange 
of their cricket-pies for the boy's 
corn-cakes. 

The first feast held in the "Old 
Fort" was not only deeply impressed 
upon his mind by the thought that 
all, for at least one meal, would have 
enough to eat, but vividly so by the 
death of a playmate who was crushed 
that day by a log rolling down the 
sheds of a saw pit. During that 
season, "roasting-ears" were by the 
boys esteemed a luxury, whose quan- 
tity seemed never to equal the qual- 
ity. With other members of his 
father's family, Moses was taken to 
California in the spring of 1849, 
reaching what is now Sacramento 
City in June of that year. It was 
then only a village of rude huts and 
tents. 

Going to the mining regions near 
Auburn, he became quite a capitalist. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



245 



frequently receiving from travelers 
from one to five dollars for riding a 
horse to water. His father kept an 
eating house on the Auburn road, 
and silver dollars sewn up in gunny 
sacks and thrust under beds, un- 
protected from thieves, save by the 
walls of a canvas house, were com- 
mon sights to him in those times, when 
"Judge Lynch" tried, convicted and 
hanged the robber, all in one day. 
No safes, vaults and iron boxes were 
needed when pork and beans were 
worth a dollar a pound and the for- 
feiture of life was the price for 
stealing. Having followed close on 
the heels of the Pioneers, he attended 
his first school when eleven years of 
age. Being large for his years and 
awkward, his bashfulness and the 
knowledge that boys much younger 
than he were educationally far in 
advance of him, became sources of 
daily annoyance and humiliation, 
but did not discourage him. Seeking 
learning earnestly he made rapid ad- 
vancement and quickly laid a found- 
ation for a good common school edu- 
cation. When not at school his 
experience as a practical miner con- 
sisted chiefly in extracting moss and 
gold from the crevices of rocks along 
the banks of the American River, 
into which the floods had made 
deposits. His implements consisted 
of a butcher-knife and a milk pan. 
With the former he extracted the 
moss-bound gold and with the latter 
he washed away foreign substances, 
while the cows in his charge grazed 
near by. The reward frequently 
amounted to several dollars per day. 
During evenings he had often lis- 
tened with wrapt attention to relig- 
ious discussions between traveling 
ministers of various sects and his 
mother. His father being a man of 



few words, seldom engaged in ex- 
tended conversations on religious or 
other subjects ; but the boy use«i to 
marvel at the ease with which his 
mother confused and silenced pro- 
fessed teachers, who frequently dem- 
onstrated their utter ignorance of 
the holy Scriptures, with which his 
mother was so familiar. 

The Elders on their way to mis- 
sions often called upon and received 
aid from the father of Moses, who, 
when they held meetings, attended 
with delight ; for the principles of 
the Gospel sounded like sweet music 
to him, and often, when they por- 
traj'ed the truth by the power of 
God, the spirit bore testimony, and 
he felt that he had known that be- 
fore. Thus, the divine Gospel mes- 
sage falling on his ears sunk into his 
heart, not as something new, but as 
something beautiful, priceless, eternal 
and known before. When, there- 
fore, Elders Henry G. Boyle, David 
M. Stewart and William H. Shear- 
man came with authority to baptize 
as well as preach, he embraced the 
truth, being baptized in the Rio Puta, 
Yolo County, Cal., Dec. 29, 1856, 
by Elder Boyle, who also confirmed 
him the evening of the same day, 
and on March 23rd following or- 
dained him an Elder. 

One month later he was called to 
fill a mission and became the com- 
panion of Elder Boyle. He was then 
fifteen years of age — a beardless boy. 
To undertake to preach to many who 
knew him as a rider of wild horses 
and the lassooer of wilder calves, 
was a task for which he felt himself 
wholly unqualified and the very 
thought of attempting it made him 
ill. In a small meeting of Saints he 
had tried, by request, to express 
gratitude for the restoration of the 



246 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Gospel ; and while he felt that if he 
did not praise God, the very stones 
must, yet when he attempted to 
speak, not a word could he utter. 
His two elder brothers having been 
assigned to missions in another part 
of the State, and his father, mother 
and other brothers and sisters hav- 
ing arranged to gather to Zion, his 
feelings were indescribable. A sense 
of loneliness and of dread seemed to 
unnerve and utterly prostrate him. 
It was to the boy an hour of supreme 
trial, one in which it seemed to him 
his heart would fail, and yet, in that 
hour of weakness, he was taught 
reliance on the Lord, who was able 
to make the weak strong for His 
glory and for the salvation of men. 

Moses had plead with Elder Boyle 
not to call him to preach or pray in 
public, sa3^ing that if he could be 
excused from that, he would be 
Brother Boyle's obedient and willing 
servant, blacking his boots, waiting 
on him, caring for his horse and in 
every possible manner rendering him - 
self useful to his friend. For sev- 
eral weeks his appeals were regarded 
mercifully, when, having attended a 
Methodist meeting, the Saints and 
especially the characters of the 
Prophets, Joseph Smith and Brig- 
ham Young, were cruelly and un- 
mercifully vilified by the minister, 
one Reverend Blythe. Being the only 
one of the faith present, Moses was 
profoundly moved and in humble, 
earnest inward prayer besought the 
Lord to manifest to him his duty and 
give him strength to perform it. In 
answer he was impressed to reply. 
Securing permission to speak, the 
spirit of God came upon him power- 
fully, and, without the least hesitation 
or manifestation of timidity, he dis- 
proved many of the assertions of the 



"reverend' ? vilifier and confounded 
and put him to shame ; so much so, that 
swelling with wrath and high sound- 
ing words, Btythe exclaimed, with a 
sneer, that he was grieved and aston- 
ished that one so young and ap- 
parently good, should admit himself 
to be a "Mormon." Whereupon 
Moses replied: "I am not ashamed 
of the Gospel of Christ, for it is the 
power of God unto salvation to all 
who believe." And further said he, 
"Christ declared that those who be- 
lieved on him should do the works 
He did and greater works, because 
He went to the Father. Now our 
Reverend friend has declared that 
such works are done away, being no 
longer necessary, and that all who 
claim to do them or any part of them 
are impostors ; does it not follow, 
therefore, that he is no believer in 
Christ? Judge ye between the Lord 
and this Reverend gentleman claim- 
ing in His name to be a teacher. 
The sheep knowing the voice of their 
shepherd will not follow strangers 
seeking to lead them estray." Thus, 
did the Almighty with the weak con- 
found the mighty, vindicate truth 
and unmistakably demonstrate that, 
however inadequate the instrument, 
He was able to make truth triumph 
over error. Thereafter Moses made 
the Lord the "rock of his refuge" 
and, as the boy-missionary, preached 
as earnestly, as fearlessly and as 
effectively as at any time since. 
Wrapt in the spirit he sometimes 
spoke for an hour, often correctly 
quoting Scripture he had never read, 
the words and sentences as he de- 
clared, appearing before his spiritual 
eyes were read, as from an open 
book. The first mission was termi- 
raated by the "call home" pending 
the approach to Utah of the U. S. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



247 



army. John B., Aaron D, and Moses 
Thatcher, using means left by their 
father, fitted up teams and wagons, 
provided themselves with arms and 
ammunition, and started from Yolo 
County Oct. 14, 1857, for Salt Lake 
City, via the coast route to San Ber- 
nardino, thence across the deserts ; 
the season being too far advanced to 
undertake the journey via the Carson 
and Humboldt routes. The party 
reached Salt Lake City, Jan. 1, 1858. 
Joseph W. Thatcher, the eldest 
brother of Moses, had been sent on 
a mission to aid in establishing a 
settlement on Salmon River. John 
B., Aaron D. and Geo. W. Thatcher 
joined the Utah Militia and served 
in Echo and other parts of the Terri- 
tory, while Moses, not yet sixteen 
years of age, went to school, and, 
after the establishment of Camp 
Floyd, became a member of the spe- 
cial police force of Salt Lake City 
and did service as night street guaid. 
He went south in the move as far as 
Paj'son ; accompanied his father and 
others to Cache Valley in the winter 
of 1860 and assisted in locating canal 
and mill sites and labored during the 
spring and summer of that year in 
getting out timber for the Union 
Mills. 

During the winter of 1860-61 he 
attended the University of Deseret, 
Prof . Orson Pratt, jun., and James 
Cobb, being his instructors. In April, 
1861, he was married to Miss Lettie 
Farr by her uncle Lorin Farr and 
was sealed to her by President Brig- 
ham Young, in the autumn of the 
same year. He had been previously 
ordained a Seventy by President B. 
Young and was attached to the sec- 
ond quorum. 

He located in Cache Valley shortly 
after his marriage, built the first 



frame house in Logan and was given 
a mission by Bishop Peter Maughan 
to herd cattle on the Promontory 
during the winter of 1861-62. He 
was one of the "minute men" under 
Captain Thomas E. Ricks and for 
several years held himself ready day 
and night to protect the lives and 
property of citizens. In the dis- 
charge of that duty he frequently 
guarded horses all night, and assisted 
in apprehending some Indians who 
had killed several brethren at Smith- 
field. When the county was organ- 
ized into Cache Military District he 
was elected captain of fifty cavalry 
men, was promoted subsequently and 
served on the staff of Col. T. E. 
Ricks and later on that of Gen. Hyde. 

He became second salesman in the 
firm of U. S. Ransohoff & Co., at 
Salt Lake City. Having made him- 
self familiar with the details of a 
general mercantde business, he re- 
turned to Logan and engaged in that 
line with his father. 

During the winter of 1865-66 
Bishop Peter Maughan called him on 
a mission to Salt Lake City to acquire 
the art of telegraphy ; but in the 
spring of the latter } r ear President 
Young notified him of his wish, that 
he should fill a mission to Europe 
For that mission President Young 
personally blest and set him apart. 
He left home in April, 1866. and re- 
turned August 1868. During his 
absense on that mission he presided 
first over the Cheltenham then over 
the Birmingham Conference. Owing 
to exposure his health was consider- 
ably impaired ; but his work was suc- 
cessful. On his return he again 
entered the mercantile field, his 
father and he forming the firm of 
"Thatcher & Son." Their business, 
with the counsel of Apostle Ezra T. 



248 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Benson and Bishop Maughan, was 
consolidated with that of Wm. H. 
Shearman, and the Logan Co-opera- 
tive Institution was incorporated, he 
becoming its general manager. Later 
the Logan Institution became a 
branch of the parent Z. C. M. I. of 
Salt Lake City, and he was its super- 
intendent until 1879. Upon the or- 
ganization of the Utah Northern 
Railroad Company, in August, 1870, 
he was chosen a director and secre- 
tary and subsequently became super- 
intendent as well. 

Immediately on his return from 
his British mission he was elected 
Superintendent of the Cache Val- 
ley Sunday Schools, continuing in 
that calling until April, 1877. He 
served Cache and Rich Counties ten 
years in the Territorial Legislative 
Council and was an active member 
of the Constitutional Convention of 
1872, and became one of the dele- 
gates authorized to present the state 
constitution to Congress, praying 
that honorable body to pass an 
enabling act admitting the Territory 
of Utah into the Union as a State. 

When President Young organized 
the Cache Valley Stake of Zion, May 
2 1 , 1877 , he nom inated Elder Thatcher 
for the Presidency. Being unani- 
mously sustained, Pres. Young set 
him apart and blessed him for that 
calling and office. He held that 
position until April, 1879, when he 
was called to fill the vacancy in the 
Quorum of Twelve Apostles, occa- 
sioned by the death of Elder Orson 
Hyde. He was ordained to the 
Apostleship April 9, 1879, by Pres. 
John Taylor. During his business 
experience he organized the Cache 
Valley Board of Trade and success- 
fully protected the interests of the 
people, directed the extension of the 



Utah and Northern Railway, north- 
ward from Franklin, Idaho, under 
its just and equitable co-operative 
provisions and was largely instru- 
mental in forming Zion's Central 
Board of Trade, of which Elder 
John Taylor was President. The 
latter was organized with the view 
of harmonizing the business interests 
of the Territory, advancing the man- 
ufacturing, mercantile and agricul- 
tural pursuits of the citizens and 
enhancing their general prosperity by 
placing as far as possible, without 
the intervention of "middle men," 
the products of the country in the 
hands of consumers, and by securing 
for home consumption imported 
goods direct from the manufac- 
turers. 

Zion's Central Board of Trade was 
designed to be the hub and the Stake 
Boards the spokes of a wheel, that in 
the future must become a positive 
protective necessity. Selfish and 
conflicting interests have largely re- 
tarded its progress and jealousy has 
temporarily blocked its way, but 
when the clouds of persecution shall 
have passed away, the future prog- 
ress of the Territory or State, will 
demand the revival of a system of 
trade calculated to unite the people 
as thoroughly in temporal as in spir- 
itual matters ; and to place the av- 
enues of traffic in the hands of the 
many instead of in the hands of the 
few. During the latter part of 1878 
and the beginning of 1879 Pres. John 
Taylor called and authorized Moses 
Thatcher to organize Stake Boards 
of Trade in the southern counties of 
the Territory and to explain to the 
officers and members thereof the ob- 
jects had in view. The work was 
promptly and thoroughly accom- 
plished. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



249 



Letters having been received by 
Pres. Taylor from a Dr. Rhodaca- 
naty residing in the City of Mexico, 
enquiring about the principles of the 
Gospel, some of the Church publi- 
cations were sent him as early as 
the autumn of 1878, and through 
these some fifteen or twenty Mexi- 
can citizens had come to believe the 
truths of the Gospel, as far as they 
were informed respecting them. Con- 
sidering this matter the Council of 
Apostles called Elder Thatcher to 
proceed to Mexico and open the door 
of salvation to that nation. In com- 
pany with Elder James Z. Stewart, 
who joined him at Chicago, and Mil- 
ton G. Trejo, who joined him at New 
Orleans, he proceeded to the national 
capital, leaving Utah Oct. 26, 1879, 
and, taking steamer at New Orleans, 
crossed the Gulf of Mexico and 
reached Vera Cruz (City of the True 
Cross) Nov. 14th, of the same year. 
As fellow-voyagers he had, besides 
the Elders named, Baron Grenidl, 
Belgian Minister to Mexico, his sec- 
retary Count Chastel and Gwyn 
Foster, nephew of U. S. Minister Fos- 
ter. The party reached the City of 
Mexico on the evening of Saturday 
Nov. 16th, and, being entire stran- 
gers put up at the principal hotel, 
"The Iturbide." They spent the 
following Sunday in viewing the 
cathedral, rebuilt by Cortez on the 
ruins of the great Aztec temple, and 
afterwards remodeled and finished 
A. D. 1631. They also spent a few 
hours at the "Zocolo," a beautiful 
public garden fronting the cathedral, 
and enjoyed the sweet strains of an 
excellent military brass band. The 
day was as pleasant and mild as any 
May day in Utah. 

During the afternoon Dr. Platino 
C. Rhodacanaty, a Greek on the side 



of his father, but of Mexican decent 
from his mother, called and greeted 
them warinty. He was found to be a 
cultured and well educated gentle- 
man. During the past few months 
he had published- a monthly periodi- 
cal called Voz del Desierto, advocat- 
ing the principles of the Gospel. 

On the evening of Tuesday follow- 
ing, Elder Thatcher, on the invita- 
tion of Mrs. Foster, attended Minister 
Foster's reception in com pan}' with 
Mr. Amos W. Butler, a young orni- 
thologist from Evansville, Indiana, 
and met there Minister Foster, Major 
Clark, editor of the Tv:o Rejmb- 
lics, Messrs. Holden and McClay 
from New York, the secretary of the 
Minister from Germany, and a num- 
ber of others — ladies and gentlemen. 
On invitation of Mrs. Foster he vis- 
ited, the next day, the private depart- 
ment of the national museum, and 
in company with herself and guests 
examined with much interest a fine 
twenty-fold maguey map, the most 
valuable of any of the kind extant. 
It exhibits the migrations of the 
Aztecs from the regions of the north 
to Mexico. Some of its hieroglyphic 
writings resemble those found in the 
Pearl of Great Price. Other maps 
showing the City of Mexico before 
the conquest A. D. 1520, and pic- 
tures exhibiting the landing of the 
Spaniards at Vera Cruz in 1519, as 
executed by native artists at the time, 
were found of historical interest, as 
they had been spread before Monte- 
zuma previous to the fall of his em- 
pire. In the art gallery a scene of 
the Valley of Mexico with Popocate- 
petl in the distance attracted attention 
as a gem of art costing the govern- 
ment of Mexico two thousand dol- 
lars. Elders Stewart and Trejo hav- 
ing visited and preached to a number 



250 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



of people, some believed. In the 
baths of the garden of Olives, located 
near the fatal causeway "Noche 
Treste"( Melancholy night), so called 
because of the disaster to Cortez and 
his army on July. 1, 1520, Elder 
Thatcher baptized Platino C. Rhoda- 
canaty and Silviano Artiago, the 
latter a pure Aztec and, therefore, a 
descendant of Joseph. Six other male 
members were added to the Church 
by baptism, two days later. At the 
meeting for confirmation, the objects 
of the Mexican mission were fully 
explained by him. At that meeting 
Elder Thatcher earnestly invoked 
blessings upon Porferio Diaz, Presi- 
dent of the Mexican Republic, upon 
all constituting the legislative and 
judicial and administrative depart- 
ments of the government and upon 
all the inhabitants of the land, to the 
end that the honest and good through- 
out Mexico, Central and South 
America might hear the Gospel of 
Christ and receive the tidings of 
great joy. Three Elders were or- 
dained and a branch organized at 
that meeting. Elder Rhodacanat}^ 
was authorized to preside over it. By 
the close of the year sixteen persons 
had been baptized, the Voice of 
Warning had been partially trans- 
lated into the Spanish language, and 
several articles written and published 
in the newspapers of the capital, de- 
fending the faith and practices of the 
Saints. During January the Spanish 
translation of the "Voice of Warn- 
ing" was completed and the manu- 
scripts placed in the hands of the 
printer. 

On the 3rd of that month, while en- 
joying the grateful shades of the 
cypress groves of Chapultepec, Elder 
Thatcher wrote his "Tribute to the 
Memory of Montezuma" as published 



in Vol. I, p. 145, of the Contributor and 
which was subsequently dedicated to 
his friend, the honorable and learned 
Ygnacio M. Altamirano of pure Az- 
tec blood, and then one of the judges 
of the Supreme Court of the Repub- 
lic, an author of eminence, one of the 
greatest orators of the age, and in 
many respects a remarkable man. 

The New York Sun having pub- 
lished an article respecting Elder 
Thatcher's mission to Mexico, num- 
erous papers of the capital made ex- 
tracts therefrom and comments there- 
on, mostly favorable. But the Two 
Republics under the headings, "Yan- 
kee Diplomac}'," "Fillibusterism," 
and "The Spread of Mormonism," 
attacked violently the "Mormon" 
people generally. Through El Tri- 
buna Elder Thatcher replied refut- 
ing the slanderous stricture of the 
Two Republics. Thereafter that pa- 
per handled the "Mormon" question 
more carefully. In the Sunday issue 
of Jan. 11th, El Monitor Republican, 
one of the most powerful and influ- 
ential journals published in Mexico, 
appeared a ridiculously, scurrilous 
editorial article about the Saints. It 
greatly incensed Elder Trejo, who 
had imagined that those speaking his 
native tongue would never stoop to 
vilify the "Mormons," as others had 
done in the United Sta tes and Europe. 
His hopeful dream having been dis- 
pelled, he was exceedingly anxious 
to hunt up and punish the "Juvenal" 
editorial author of the defamatory 
article, but was restrained by coun- 
sel given in the interest of patience 
and moderation. The publication led 
William Pritchard, an intelligent and 
educated English gentleman, a news- 
paper correspondent and magazine 
author of merit, to seek the acquaint- 
ance of the missionaries from Utah. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



251 



And through his aid, Elders Thatcher 
and Trejo became acquainted with 
the wealthy proprietor of El Monitor 
Republicano, Signor Vicente Garcia 
Torres, who wrote for his paper over 
the nora de plume "Fancrido," while 
his son used that of "Alcestes," and 
"Juvenal" proved to be one Senor 
Eurigre Chavara, who, after a long 
interview with the Elders, published 
in the following Sunday's issue an 
article retracting the scurrilous as- 
sertions of the former one and giv- 
ing an excellent account of the sobri- 
ety, honesty, industry and morality 
of the "Mormons" generally; and 
Elder Trejo admitted that the result 
would be more favorable to the cause 
than any physical chastisement given 
by him to the writer could possibly 
have produced. Through favorable 
and unfavorable newspaper com- 
ments and strictures, the replies and 
retractions, the interests of the 
"Mormon" mission were greatly for- 
warded, and the Elders made nu- 
merous acquaintances and friends of 
eminent men, through whom they ex- 
tended their influence to government 
officials. 

General Alan G. Greenwood of 
Roanoke, Virginia, who fought in 
the war of the rebellion on the side 
of the South, secured interviews for 
Elder Thtatcher with Senor Sarate, 
minister of foreign affairs, M. Fer- 
nandez Leal, minister of Fomento 
(public works and of colonization), 
and Senor Don Carlos Pacheco, min- 
ister of war. They found Minister 
Sarate, a gentleman of about forty 
years of age, affable, polite and ex- 
ceedingly graceful, a fine conversa- 
sationalist, speaking with a slight 
French intonation, well informed on 
general topics as upon national gov- 
ernmental affairs. In sympathy with 



the expressed views of Elder Thatch- 
er, respecting the Mexicans and their 
ancestors, he spoke feelingly about 
the high degree of civilization among 
the Indians of Mexico previous to the 
Spanish conquest. In Minister Leal 
the Elders met a man of some fifty 
years, of commanding presence, 
strong character, marked features 
j with large Roman nose, grey e} r es 
and bald head, manners cordial, con- 
versation frank. He had visited Utah 
and greatly admired the pluck of her 
enterprising and prosperous com- 
munities, regarded the "Mormons" 
as the most successful colonizers in 
the world ; and as such said that 
Mexico would gladl} 7 welcome any of 
them choosing to make homes in the 
Republic. 

Minister Don Carlos Pacheco, the 
hero of Pueblo, lost a leg and arm 
while assaulting that city, during the 
French Intervention. He is a man of 
indomitable courage, hard to read, 
nervous temperament and abrupt 
manners, his half closed e3*es seem 
to see everything. Direct and point- 
ed himself, he requires onl.y the"key 
words," brooking no detailed ex- 
planations ; familiar with the history 
of others, he k.iows the needs of his 
own country. War has made of him 
a physical wreck, yet he is a power 
in the land and next to Diaz is the 
leading government official. He was 
frank and cordial to Elder Thatcher, 
to whom he granted the interview 
while scores of army officers were 
waiting, and conferred upon him 
distinguished honor by freely and 
voluntarily tendering him letters of 
introduction and recommendation to 
the Executives of the various States 
of the Union, in the event of his 
desire to visit them. Later Elder 
Thatcher had an extended interview 



252 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



with Senor Ignacio Mariscal, minister 
of justice, many years the accredited 
representative of the Mexican gov- 
ernment at Washington, D. C, and 
at the Court of St. James, now Mex- 
ican minister of foreign affairs. He 
it was who so successfully conducted, 
in behalf of Mexico, the "Cutting af- 
fair." He is the ablest statesman 
and diplomat of the nation without 
doubt. A brainy man of brilliant 
attainments and a perfect gentleman, 
the master of several languages. He 
is familiar with the history of the 
Saints from the beginning. The or- 
gan of the government officially no- 
ticed all these interviews. Through 
Mr. Pritchard Elder Thatcher be- 
came acquainted with Emelio Bie- 
buyck, a Belgian gentleman of influ- 
ence in Mexico and familiar with 
Utah affairs, having been thrice in 
the Teritory — the first time when 
Col. Steptoe was at Salt Sake City. 
He was personally acquainted with 
Pres. Young, having enjoyed several 
pleasant interviews with him. His 
influence (which was considerable) 
over the Mexican press was largely 
due to the connection of his father 
with the Press Association of Europe. 
He was a warm advocate of "Mor- 
mon" colonization in Mexico, and 
having a colonization contract \uth 
the Mexican government, conceding 
free public lands in any State of the 
Union, eighty dollars subsidy for 
adults, and forty dollars each for 
children, twent}- years exemption 
from military duty and from taxa- 
tion ; free entry from tariff duty on 
teams, wagons, agricultural imple- 
ments, building materials and pro- 
visions, pending the establishment of 
the colony and numerous other sub- 
ventive privileges ; he was desirous to 
endorse the contract to the "Mor- 



mon" people with the approval of 
the government officials. "With the 
'Mormons' in Mexico," said Mr. 
Biebuyck, "will come stable govern- 
ment and consequent peace and 
prosperity and, therefore, success to 
my business, and that is all I ask." 
Having thoroughly reflected upon 
and prayed about this matter, and 
feeling strongly impressed that the 
success of the mission must ulti- 
mately largely depend on "Mormon" 
colonization in Mexico and the care- 
ful, judicious gathering thereto of 
native Saints for care and instruc- 
tion, it was finally determined that 
Elder Thatcher should return and, 
meeting Mr. Biebuyck on a given 
date, lay the whole matter, with all 
its bearings, before Pres. Tajdor and 
the Council of Apostles and abide 
their decision. 

Having arranged payment for 
publishing the Voice of Warnings 
he joined with Elders Stewart and 
Trejo in dedicating the land of 
Mexico to the end that the Gos- 
pel might spread among her peo- 
ple. They besought the Lord to 
rid the nation of revolutionary ele- 
ments and the disposition to shed 
blood, to break the shackles from 
the bodies and minds of the poor 
Lamanites, that they might be free 
in the law of Christ. And that, as 
the coming of the Spanish conqueror 
foreshadowed their bondage, so might 
the Gospel forshadow their deliver- 
ance ; that as the first overcame them 
with the sword, so might the proc- 
lamation of divine truth subdue and 
soften their hearts. To this end 
blessings upon the state and govern- 
mental officials and people were be- 
sought, that intrigues, plottings and 
rebellions might cease, and peace 
and prosperity reign instead thereof. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



253 



This accomplished, Elder Thatcher, 
receiving many expressions of friend- 
ship and confidence, leading men as- 
suring him that "Mormon" colonists 
would be welcome in the Republic, 
left for Utah Feb. 4, 1880, leaving 
Elder Stewart in charge of the mis- 
sion. Reaching Salt Lake City on 
the 22nd of the same month, he re- 
ported to Pres. Taylor, and having on 
the same day fully explained the 
causes leading to his return, his ac- 
tion was endorsed by unanimous vote 
of the Quorum of Apostles. 

Ten days later Mr. Biebuyck ar- 
rived and explained in detail the 
nature and advantage of his valuable 
concessions as embodied in his con- 
tract with the Mexican government. 
These being discussed and carefully 
considered and taken under advise- 
ment, the Council finally reached the 
conclusion that the colonization of 
Latter-day Saints in Mexico at that 
time, even under the generous con- 
cessions of the contract mentioned, 
would be premature. Mr. Biebuyck's 
offer was therefore rejected. He was 
disappointed and a few days later 
departed for San Francisco, thence 
to New York and Europe. During 
his stay in Salt Lake City, he was a 
part of the time the guest of Pres. 
Taylor, who was much pleased with 
his frank manners, unassuming de- 
portment and general understanding 
of men and things. So also were the 
other members of the Quorum of 
Apostles who became acquainted 
with him. 

During the summer of 1880 Elder 
Thatcher visited Chicago and New 
York on important business matters 
involving interests of the Church, of 
the people of Cache Valley and of 
himself. During that trip he went to 
Virginia and visited relatives there. 



Returning to Utah he went in com- 
pany with Apostle C. C. Rich, Wm. 
B. Preston, Lorin Farr, his brother 
Joseph W. Thatcher and others, to 
Salt River Valley, in Wyoming, where 
a few families of the Saints had set- 
tled. The supervision of settlement 
in that county having by vote of the 
Apostles been placed in the care of 
Elders Rich and Thatcher, the object 
of their trip was to organize those 
already settled in the valley. That 
was accomplished and the name of 
the valley was changed by vote 
from Salt River to Star Valley. It 
had been blest and dedicated to the 
Lord for the Saints on August 29, 
1878, by Apostle Brigham Young, 
Moses Thatcher and William B.Pres- 
ton, Elder Young offering the prayer. 
It is the finest and most beautiful 
valley in all the mountains, and is 
now rapidly filling up with Saints. 

Having assisted in the organization 
of the Quorum of the First Presi- 
dency of the Church in October, 
1880, Elder Thatcher, accompanied 
by Elder Feramorz L. Young, who 
had been called on a mission to 
Mexico, again left Utah, Nov. 17th, 
and reached the Mexican capital on 
the evening of Dec. 5, 1880. On the 
10th of the same month he presented 
to the Mexican Geographical Society, 
for its library, the following Church 
works in full gilt morocco: Book of 
Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, 
Pearl of Great Price, Key to Theo- 
logy, Voice of Warning, Spencer's 
Letters, Hymn Book, Bound Book 
of Pamphlets, My First Mission, 
Catechism and String of Pearls. On 
the 18th he presented a similar set to 
the National Museum Library and 
received handsome acknowledg- 
ments from the officials of those li- 
brary organizations. The Voice of 



254 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Warning in Spanish had been ex- 
tensively circulated, and 4,000 copies 
of Elder John Nicholson's "Means 
of Escape" had been translated, pub- 
lished and mostly distributed. Dur- 
ing February, 1881, El Abogado 
Christ in no. the monthly illustrated 
organ of the Methodists north, and 
Ecangelista 3fexica.no, organ of the 
same sect south, published articles 
against the Saints. They were prompt- 
ly replied to through the daily pa- 
pers. During February and Janu- 
ary Elder Thatcher also wrote a 32- 
page pamphlet entitled "Divine Ori- 
gin of the Book of Mormon," which 
was translated into the Spanish and 
published. He also wrote a series on 
the same subject for publication in 
the Contributor, drawing evidence 
principally from historical works — 
mainly from the early Spanish histo- 
rians and from Lord Kingsburne's 
' ' Mexican Antiquities. ' ' During 
March, Elder Thatcher wrote "Mor- 
mon Polygamy and Christian Mon- 
ogamy Compared ;" treating the sub- 
ject from a biblical, hygienic, physio- 
logical and moral standpoint. It was 
published in the Spanish language 
and subsequently appeared in serial 
form in the Contributor. Quite a 
number had been added to the 
Church since the new year, and a 
branch was organized at Ozumba, at 
the base of Popocatepetl, 40 miles 
from the capital. On April 6, 1881, 
conference— the first Latter-da}' Saint 
gathering of the kind in Mexico — 
was held on that mountain about 
seventeen thousand feet above sea 
level. It required a day and a half 
of great exertion to reach the point, 
but all were richly repaid. "The 
rich may find the Lord in temples, 
but the poor can find Him on the 
mnoutains. " Elder Thatcher also 



published several thousand copies of 
Elder Stewart's "Coming of the Mes- 
siah" and widely distributed them. 
During the summer the Elders con- 
tinued to add new members to the 
Church ; on one occasion Elder 
Thatcher baptized eight persons. 
Success created some animosity and 
jealousy, and as a result a plot was 
formed to test the divinity of the 
Elders' calling aud discipleship by 
means of poison. One part}'- agreed 
to furnish the poison, the other was 
to place it in the water from which 
the Elders drank. The heart of the 
latter failing him, he came to Elder 
Thatcher and confessed the whole 
thing. 

Elder Thatcher was released from 
this mission in August, notice being 
received by telegraphic message on 
the 6th of that month. Sixty-one 
persons had been baptized. Ac- 
companied by Elder Feramorz L. 
Young, he left the City of Mexico 
for home, via Vera Cruz, Havana and 
New York. Elder Young was ill, it 
was thought with malarial fever, but 
the disease developing into typhoid 
pneumonia, he died on the night of 
Sept. 27th, between Havana and the 
coast of Florida. There being insuf- 
ficient ice on board the steamer to 
preserve the body, the weather being 
extremely oppressive, and no means 
of embalming, necessity compelled 
his burial at sea, which was done on 
the following day at 1 p. m.. within 
about twenty miles of the coast of 
Florida, in Lat. 27, Long. 29. The 
care and subsequent death of this 
young missionary companion, and his 
burial at sea far from his mother, 
relatives and friends, was a trial 
under which Elder Thatcher's phys- 
ical and mental powers encountered 
a test that greatly impaired his health 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



255 



and depressed his spirits. He reached 
home Oct. 8th, bringing with him 
Fernanda Lara, a young Mexican 
convert. 

While in the Council of the Legis- 
lative Assembly and pending the 
passage of the Edmunds Bill, Elder 
Thatcher was called to Chicago, New 
York and Washington, D. C, being 
accompanied by Elder John Henry 
Smith. They carried with them nu- 
merously signed petitions askingCon- 
gress to pass no further proscriptive 
laws against Utah's people before 
sending a commission of investiga- 
tion. They reached Washington Feb. 
23, 1882 ; returned and attended the 
April Conference of the Church. At 
the following October Conference 
Elder Thatcher was called, in con- 
nection with Elder Erastus Snow, to 
explore in Mexico with the view of 
finding and purchasing some place 
suitable for a settlement of our peo- 
ple in that republic. They explored 
the head-waters of the Rio San Pedro 
and examined the San Bernidun 
Ranch on one of the tributaries of 
the Bivispa and Yagine Rivers in 
Sonora. Elder Snow, owing to ill- 
ness, having returned home early in 
January, Elder Thatcher took a small 
company and a guide and explored 
the Santa Cruz, Cocosperu and Mag- 
dalina Valleys. He expected to cross 
into Mexico at La Noria, near San 
Raphial, but finding no Mexican cus- 
tom-house there, he had to go out of 
the way, nearly one hundred miles, 
to Nogales. The guide was greatly 
annoyed by reason thereof and de- 
sired the company to go in without 
the necessary official permit, but his 
wishes were not complied with. La- 
ter the party learned that fifteen 
Mexican citizens had been killed by 
Apaches on the road, as near as 



could be calculated, at the point 
where the compan}^ would have been 
about the hour of the same day when 
the killing was done. Elder Thatcher 
returned to Utah in February, 1883, 
and in July following went on a mis- 
sion to the northern Indians, having 
for missionary companions Elders 
Wm. B. Preston, Junius F. Wells, 
Bishop Gruwell, Amos Wright, James 
Brown (Indian), Moses Thatcher, 
jun., and Oscar Gruwell. They 
traveled vih Beaver Canon, the Yel- 
lowstone National Park, down the 
Yellowstone River and across the 
Stillwater and Rosebud Rivers, vis- 
iting the Crow Indians at the latter 
place, delivering to some of the chiefs 
the message of peace and advising 
obedienc eand industry. They crossed 
the country mainly on an Indian 
trail to the Wind River, Washakie 
Agency, where council was held and 
similar advice given to the leading 
men. The party returned in Septem- 
ber, having traveled some twelve 
hundred and fifty miles. 

In December, 1883, Elder Thatcher 
was called to assist Delegate Caine 
at Washington, D. C, by soliciting 
the influence of personal friends and 
through them that of influential par- 
ties. He left home Jan. 4th, and re- 
turned early in April, 1884. In Oc- 
tober of the same year he filled an- 
other mission to the Shoshones, who 
were disposed to be turbulent, sent 
presents and word, urging Washakie 
and his people to be at peace and 
not war. The advice was observed. 

In Januar}', 1885, he accompanied 
Pres. Taylor and party to Arizona 
and Mexico, and again explored on 
the Magdalina River in Sonora. He 
was appointed chairman of an explor- 
ingand purchasingcommittee of lands 
in Mexico, Pres. A. F. MacDonald, 



256 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Christopher Layton, Jesse N. Smith 
and Lot Smith being the other mem- 
bers of the committee. He reached 
home Jan. 27th., assisted ingather- 
ing funds, and. ten days later, start- 
ed again for Mexico, going into Chi- 
huahua, reached Ascension, on the 
Rio Casas Grandes Feb. 20th, found 
several families of Saints there from 
Arizona, who, having received the 
impression that a purchase had been 
made in Chihuahua, came there by 
reason of the violent persecutions of 
courts, then prevailing in Arizona. 
He went to San Jose on the Mexican 
Central Railway, thence to EI Paso, 
Texas. In company with Elder Mac- 
Donald, Anton Andersen, and Mr. 
Glenn(surveyor), explored the upper 
Rio Janas, in the Sierra Madres, and 
visited the strong holds of the 
Apache chiefs, "Victoria" and "Ju" 
and saw their fortifications and caves, 
in which they felt and were secure. 
They ascended "Cook's Peak" and 
saw the Rio Virdie Valleys and Cor- 
rales Basin since purchased. Polder 
Thatcher made himself familiar with 
Mexican land matters and gained 
knowledge respecting property for 
sale ; located Saints on leased lands 
and returned. 

Under the influence of Americans 
at the City of Chihuahua the gover- 
nor of the State issued, in April, an 
order of expulsion against the Saints 
on the Rio Casas Grandes. Through 
the efforts of Elders Teasdale and 
MacDonald the executive was ap- 
pealed to and finally consented to 
have the matter referred to the na- 
tional officials at the capital. Elders 
Brigham Young and Thatcher being 
called to confer with those officials 
on the subject, reached the national 
capital May 11. 1885. They had in- 
terviews with Minister Mariscal of 
foreign affairs, Carlos Pacheco of 
Forento, minister of the interior and 
colonization, aud with Pres. Proferio 



Diaz. The order of the governor of 
Chihuahua was revoked. When under 
pressure of enemies he subsequently 
reaffirmed it, he was removed. 

Elder Thatcher reached home in 
June, and in July, 1886, was again 
called into Mexico to assist Elder 
Erastus Snow, who had been given 
charge of the settlement of our col- 
ony there, and to help in adjusting 
titles of purchases already made and 
to purchase other lands. This work 
was promptly seen to, Elder Thatch- 
er again visiting the national capi- 
tal in October, and while there, in 
company with Elder Snow, arrange- 
ments were made that resulted in the 
purchase of Corrales Basin, includ- 
ing Hop and Strawberry Valleys, 
comprising nearly 75,000 acres of 
timber, grazing and agricultural 
lands. The. young colony needing 
machinery, Elder Thatcher visited 
St. David and the Gila settlements 
in January, 1887, and securing some 
assistance went to St. Louis and pur- 
chased a 25 horse-power engine, boi- 
ler and saw mill, shingle mill, sash 
mill and a combined planer and 
moulder, all of which are in operation 
and which, with cattle and necessary 
wagons, tools, etc., cost some $6,000. 
Since the first of the present year, 
the Saints have built a road costing 
nearly $2,000, and the Juarez town 
canal, o£ miles long, costing about 
the same amount. 

On the 1st of January, 1887, Elder 
Thatcher dedicated the Juarez town- 
site on the request of Apostle Snow. 
He has since explored somewhat ex- 
tensively in the Sierra Mad re Moun- 
tains and is still actively engaged, 
wherever directed, in the work of the 
Lord. For a number of years he has 
acted as Pres. W. Woodruff's assist- 
ant in the superintendence 7 of the 
Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
Associations, and has also been an 
earnest writer for the Contributor. 



THE HISTORICAL RECORD, a monthly periodical, devoted exclusively to 
historical, biographical, chronological and statistical matters, is published by 
Andrew Jknson. Salt Lake City, Utah. Subscription price: $1.25 pe r 
annum, in advance. Office: No 154 N. Second West Street, S&lt Lake City. 



the 



HISTORICAL RECORD. 

Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Eiographical, Chrono- 
logical and Statistical Matters. 



ii TVJ>at thou seest y xcrite in a book." Rev. 1, 11, 



Nos. 9-12. 



DECEMBER, 1887. 



Vol. VI. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



FRANCIS MARION LYMAN, 

The eldest son of Amasa Mason 
Lyman and Louisa Maria Tanner, 
was born Jan. 12, 1840, near the 
town of McComb, McDonough Co., 
Illinois. His grand-parents were: 
paternal, Roswell* Lyman and 
Martha Mason ; maternal, John Tan- 
ner and Lydia Stewart. His parents, 
being homeless, spent the winter 
with an old friend, Justus Morse, 
where Francis Marion was born. In 
the spring the family removed to 
Iowa on the halfbreed tract, where 
a cabin was built. In the spring 
of 1841 they moved into Nauvoo, 
in the winter of 1842 to Shockequon 
in Henderson County, and in 1813 
to the town of Alquina, Faj'ette Co., 
Indiana. After the mart3 T rdom of 
the Prophet Joseph and Patriarch 
Hyrum Smith in 1844, they moved 
back to Nauvoo. 

In January, 1846, Francis M. with 
his sisters Mathilda and Ruth Adelia 
were taken into the Nauvoo Temple 
and were sealed to their parents in 
that holy house by President Brig- 
ham Young and Heber C. Kimball. 
In the following June he left Nauvoo 
for the west with his mother and 
three other children under the care 
of his grandfather John Tanner, 
his father having gone on ahead 
in the Pioneer corps. Francis M. 
remained in Winter Quarters, on the 
west bank of the Missouri River, till 
the spring of 1848. This year, when 



he was eight years of age, he was 
baptized and confirmed by his father, 
in the Elk Horm on the first day of 
July. He also drove a team of one 
yoke of cattle to a wagon, in which 
several members of his father's fam- 
ily rode from the Missouri River to 
Great Salt Lake Valley, where they 
arrived Oct. 19, 1848. 

In 1851 he went to southern Cal- 
ifornia with the family and was a 
"full hand" in driving loose stock all 
the way, to the San Bernardino Ranch, 
which was purchased by Amasa M. 
Lyman, C. C. Rich and their com- 
panions for a temporary home and 
outfitting point for the gathering 
Saints. He was given some chances 
in school at Winter Quarters, in 
Great Salt Lake City and in South 
Cottonwood, (Salt Lake Co.), but 
most of his school days were spent 
in the Cajon Pass under a large 
S3'camore tree, with James H. Rollins 
as teacher, and in San Bernardino, 
Cal. 

In the fall of 1852 he went to 
Great Salt Lake City in company 
with his father and Elders C. C. Rich, 
John Murdock, Taylor Crosby and 
many others, where he spent the 
winter in school, and returned to 
San Bernardino in the spring of 
1853, after witnessing the laying of 
the corner stones of the Salt Lake 
Temple in April. He was generally 
employed in the care and handling 
of cattle and horses and in freight- 



258 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



ing. He crossed the deserts be- 
tween Utah and California sixteen 
times, and also spent about a year 
aud a half at the joiners trade with 
Thomas W. Whittaker. At the time 
of the reformation in 1856 in San 
Bernardino he was rebaptized. At 
the same time he was ordained an 
Elder under the hands of his father. 

In the spring of 1857, in company 
with his father, Elder C. C. Rich 
and others he went to Great Salt 
Lake City intending to go to Eng- 
land on a mission, but the coming 
of the army of the United States 
against the Saints caused a change 
in the programme. All misssion- 
aries were called home, and also the 
Saints from San Bernardino- Instead 
of going to Europe, Brother Lyman's 
mission was changed to return to 
San Bernardino to close up business 
and move his father's family home to 
Utah. He returned early in October 
and entered fully into moving the 
people from that lovely place. 

On the 18th of November, 1857, 
he received to wife Miss Rhoda Ann 
Taylor at the hands of President 
Wm. J. Cox. During the following 
winter he made two trips across the 
deserts in moving his own and his 
father's family. 

At Cedar City, in 1858, an ex- 
ploring party was organized by his 
father composed of the following 
brethren: Amasa M. Lyman, Robert 
Clift, Ira Hatch, Freeman E. Tan- 
ner, John D. Holliday, David H. 
Holliday, Henry G. Boyle, Walter 

E. Dodge, Wm. S. Warren, M. L. 
Shepherd, E. C. Mathews, E. T. 
Mills, F. T. Perris, Henry Jennings, 
Taylor Crosby, Nounon Taylor, 
Harvey Clark, Wm. H. Shearman and 

F. M. Lyman. Shearman was the 
able secretary and historian of the 
company. They started from Cedar 
City March :51st, crossed the great 
southern desert and went down the 
Colorado River as far as the Beal 
and Bishop Crossing and returned to 
Cedar City May 7th. 

In the fall of 1859 Francis M. 
moved to Farmington, in Davis 
County, intending to take care of 



the farm while his father would be 
gone to England on a mission. Jan. 
7, 1860, in Farmington, he was or- 
dained a Seventy in the 40th quorum 
by Elder John S. Gleason. On the 
9th he was chosen by Bishop John 
W. Hess as President of the Young 
Mens Literary Association of Far- 
mington, which office he held during 
the winter. 

That winter witnessed the begin- 
ning of his very active public life, 
which has continued ever since. Early 
next spring he was called on a mis- 
sion to England, and he moved his 
family, consisting of a wife and one 
child, to Beaver, where he built a 
log room, the first he ever owned, in 
which he left them. He started from 
Great Salt Lake City May 1, 1860, 
for England, literalby without purse 
or scrip, to preach the Gospel, in 
company with Elders Amasa M. 
Lyman, C. C. Rich and many others. 
On the way to New York, in com- 
pany with Elder Reuben A. Mc- 
Bride, he visited Kirtland and the 
Temple, through which they were 
kindly shown by Martin Harris. With 
his father he also paid a visit to his 
grandmother, Martha, who was then 
the wife of Isaiah Emerson, and 
many more of the relatives on the 
Mason side of the family, in the 
Slates of New Hampshire, Ver- 
mont and Massachusetts. He sailed 
from New York, July 14th, on the 
steamship Edinburgh, in company 
with Elders Amasa M. Lyman, C. C. 
Rich, John Brown, James S. Brown, 
Jos. F. Smith, S. H. B. Smith, W. 
H. Dame, Jos. C. Rich, Reuben A. 
McBride, David M. Stuart, S. L. 
Adams and John Tobin, and arrived 
in Liverpool July 27th. 

July 30th Elder F. M. Lyman was 
appointed to labor as a traveling 
Elder in the London Conference with 
Flder John Brown, under the Pres- 
idency of John Cook and went to his 
field of labor that day. On new 
year's day, 1862, he was appointed 
to preside over the Essex Conference, 
where he labored until April 30th, 
when he was released to return 
home. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



259 



He sailed from Liverpool May 13, 
1862, on the William Tapscott, with 
a company of over eight hundred 
Saints, as second Counselor to Pres. 
Wm. Gibson. Elder John Clark was 
his first Counselor. They arrived in 
New York June 25th after a tedious 
passage of 42 days. Elders Clark 
and Lyman had to take entire charge 
of the company two weeks out from 
New York because of Pres. Gibson's 
incompetencj^. They at once took 
stock of all the companies' supplies 
and found it necessary to put all on 
half rations of water, flour, potatoes, 
pork, and in fact everything except 
junk and sea biscuit. 

At New York Elder Lyman was 
put in sole charge of the compan} r 
by Horace S. Eldredge and O. E. 
Bates and arrived in Florence in the 
beginning of July. He was busy on 
the camp ground of the Saints in 
Florence till August 15th, when he 
started for home in company with 
Elders Amasa M. Lyman, C. C. 
Rich, Joseph W. Young, Capt. Wm. 
H. Hooper and others, and arrived 
in Great Salt Lake City Sept. 16th 
and at his home in Beaver Oct. 16th. 
Under instructions from Pres. B. 
Young in March, 1863, he removed 
to Fillmore, Avkich was destined to 
be his fixed home for more than 
fourteen years. From that time un- 
til June, 1877, he was very intim- 
ately connected with all principal 
political, Church and business mat- 
ters of Millard County. 

March 23, 1866, he was appointed 
U. S. assistant assessor of internal 
revenue for District No. 6, of the 
collection district of the Territory of 
Utah by Hugh McCulluck, secretarj 7 
of the treasury. He served under 
the following assessors: Col. J. C. 
Little, A. L. Chetlain, JohnE. Smith. 
Pi. V. Morris and Or. John P. Tag- 
gart. This same year (1866) he 
joined his father and built what is 
now known in Fillmore as the O. K. 
Flouring Mill, He engaged largely 
in the flour and grain trade as well 
as in other business enterprises. 

In September, 1867, he was com- 
missioned by Gov. Durkee as lieut.- 



colonel of the first regiment of 
militia in the Parowan Military Dis- 
trict. In 1869 he was elected a 
member of the House of Represen- 
tatives of the general assembly of 
the state of Deseret for Millard 
County. He subsequently repres- 
ented Millard County in the Terri- 
torial Legislature in the 17th, 18th, 
22nd and 23rd sessions, and Tooele 
County in the 24th and 25th ses- 
sions. During the last session (1882) 
he was speaker of the House. At the 
organization of the Millard Stake 
of Zion, March 9, 1869, he was 
chosen a member of the High Coun- 
cil, and was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart as a High Councilor, 
March 13th, by Pres. Thomas Cal- 
lister. He also held the offices of 
prossecuting attorney and super- 
intendent of common schools for 
Millard County, and was for many 
years the county clerk and recorder. 
He was secretary and treasurer of 
most of the county co-operative com- 
panies, and did nearly all the busi- 
ness connected with the entering of 
lands in that county, including home- 
steading, pre-empting and entering 
of townsites, in conjunction with 
Judge Edward Partridge and Mayor 
Jos. V. Robison. 

Oct. 4, 1869, in Salt Lake City, 
he received to wife Miss Clara Caro- 
line Callister, under the hands of 
Pres. D. H. Wells. On the 6th of 
October, 1873, he was called on his 
second mission to England ; on the 
16th he left his home and on the 20th 
left Salt Lake City, in company with 
R. Y. Morris and thirteen other 
Elders. He sailed from New York 
Nov. 1st on the steamship Oceanic, 
of the White Star Line, being one 
of eighteen Elders, and landed in 
Liverpool Nov. 12th. On the follow- 
ing day Elder Lyman was appointed 
to succeed Elder John I. Hart in the 
presidencjr of the Nottingham Con- 
ference. He went to his field of 
labor on the 15th. 

While on this mission he made a 
tour to Wales and Scotland. He also 
visited the Isle of Man, accompanied 
by Elder Lafayette Holbrook. On 



260 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



May 19. 1875, in company with Pres. 
Jos. F. Smith and Elders John Henry 
Smith, E. II. Freeman and Milton 
H. Hardy, he started from London 
on a visit to Denmark, Germany, 
Switzerland and France, from which 
the}" returned to London June 12th. 

Juue 13th Elder Lyman was se- 
lected to succeed Elder Robert I. 
Burton in the presidency of the 
London Conference. On this mis- 
sion the following named brethren 
were associated with him as travel- 
ing Elders, A. B. Taylor, J. F. 
Wells, John Squires, G. L. Farrell, 
W. A. C. Bryan and A. D. Young, 
in Nottingham, and Wm. L. Binder, 
H. C. Fowler and David K. Udall, 
in London. 

Sept. 9, 1875, he was released to 
return home and sailed from Liver- 
pool September 15th, together with 
Pres. Joseph F. Smith and a com- 
pany of three hundred Saints, in- 
cluding fourteen returning mission- 
aries, in charge of Elder R. V. Mor- 
ris with other Elders assisting him, 
on the steamship Wyoming of the 
Guion Line. Elders Lyman and 
Smith landed in New York Septem- 
ber 26th and took train that same 
day for Salt Lake City, where they 
arrived Oct. 1st. The emigrants 
landed on the 27th. 

Elder Lyman reached his home in 
Fillmore Oct. 11th. 

In April, 1877, he attended the 
dedication of the St. George Temple, 
traveling thither in company with 
Elders Edward Partridge, Nephi 
Prar.t and Christian Anderson. 

At the organization of the Tooele 
Stake of Zion, in Tooele City, June 
24, 1877, he was sustained as Pres- 
ident of that Stake, with Elders 
Jas. Ure and Wm. Jefferies as Coun- 
selors ; and at the annual election in 
August, 1878, he was elected county 
recorder and representative to the 
Territorial Legislature from Tooele 
County. Although the election was 
fairly won by the People's Party 
with a majority of 300 votes over all 
the Liberal frauds, the Liberal 
County Court as a board of canvas- 
sers, declared the minority Liberal 



candidates duly elected. Hon. Wm. 
C. Rydalch, as selectman of the 
People's Party, emphatically protest- 
ing against the villainy to the last. 
The case was taken to the District 
Court by Elder Lyman for the 
people, to compel a proper count, 
where the case was decided in his 
favor. The Liber.il canvassers ap- 
pealed to the Supreme Court of the 
Territory, and after an eight months' 
legal struggle the right triumphed, 
the court compelled them by man- 
damus, to truly count and deliver 
Tooele County once more to the 
control and care of the People's 
Party, which was duly accomplished 
on the 29th of March, 1879. The 
Liberal office holders at the time of 
the change were as follows : W. B. 
Schyler, probate judge, E. C. Chase 
and D. W. Rench, selectmen, D. 
W. Mitchell, sheriff and assessor and 
collector, W. B. Dods, coroner, Ed- 
ward Bird, county treasurer, E. F. 
Martin, county clerk and recorder, 
Lawrence Bethune, county superin- 
tendent of district schools, and Law- 
rence A. Brown, prosecuting attor- 
ney. 

Those of the People's Party who 
took office at the change were as 
follows: F. M. Lyman, representa- 
tive to the legislature, Hugh S. 
Gowans, probate judge, S. W. Wool- 
ley and D. H. Caldwell, selectmen, 
John Pickett, sheriff, John Gillespie, 
coroner, Wm. R. Judd, assessor and 
collector, Thomas Atkin, jun., treas- 
urer, F. M. L} r man, clerk and re- 
corder, J. R. Clark, superintendent 
of schools, and Lysander Gee, pros- 
ecuting attorney. 

The experience of Tooele County 
at that time may justly be quoted as 
a sample of Liberal carpet-bag rule. 
When the Liberals received the 
county, it was out of debt, $4,000 
ahead and the county scrip worth 
100 cts. on the dollar. At the end 
of four years of ruin rule of the 
Liberals, the $4,000 were gone, all 
current taxes expended, a debt of 
about $15,000 fastened upon the 
county, and the county scrip refused 
at 10 cts. on the dollar. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



261 



Aug. 12, 1880, Elder Lyman 
started from Tooele, in company with 
John Gillespie, and joined Elders E. 
Snow and B. Young m Sanpete, 
where their company was partially 
made up for a tour to the south- 
east and south. They started from 
Fairview, Sanpete Co., Aug. 19th, 
and were joined by brethren from 
Parowan and Panguitch, at Castle 
Dale, Emery Co. The company 
comprised ten persons, namely, 
Erastus Snow, Brigham Young, Wm. 
H. Dame, John Gillespie, Alonzo 
Knight, James Houston, Israel Butt, 
Ash by Snow, George Young and F. 
M. Lyman. There were three car- 
riages, one baggage wagon, ten hor- 
ses and two mules. They visited San 
Juan mission, crossed the Southern 
Ute-Reservation,iu Colorado, and the 
Navajo and Zuni Reservations, in 
New Mexico, and visited the settle- 
ments of the Saints in the Eastern 
Arizona and Little Colorado Stakes. 
The company returned to Utah early 
in October, and Elder Lyman 
reached his home in Tooele, Oct. 
23rd, after traveling about eighteen 
hundred miles with teams. "While 
away on that tour he was chosen at 
the General Conference in Salt Lake 
City, Oct. 10th, as one of the Twelve 
Apostles to fill a vacancy in that 
quorum caused by the reorganization 
of the First Presidency. He received 
his ordination in the Endowment 
House, Salt Lake City, Oct. 27th, 
from Pres. John Taylor, assisted by 
his Counselors, George Q. Cannon 
and Joseph F. Smith, and Apostles 
Wilford Woodruff, Orson Pratt, 
Erastus Snow, F. D. Richards, and 
Brigham Young and Counselor D.H. 
Wells. 

Elder Lyman's first mission as an 
Apostle was to the Goose Creek 
country, in Cassia Co., Idaho, where 
quite a number of the Saints from 
Tooele Stake were locating. His 
party, consisting of Edw. Hunter, 
jun., John W. Cooley, John Q. 
Knowlton, Samuel F. Lee, Thomas 
W. Morgan, Cyrus Bates and W. A. 
Critchfield, started from Grantsville, 
Nov. 8th, crossed the desert west of 



the Great Salt Lake and. by way 
of Grouse Creek, reached Oakley, on 
Goose Creek, Nov. 11th. Encourag- 
ing meetings were held with the new 
settlers ; the resources and facilities 
of the valley were carefully ex- 
amined, and suitable counsel given 
to Elder Wm. C. Martindale ami his 
assistants, who w r ere in charge of the 
new settlements. The party returned 
to Tooele, Nov. 19th. 

On December 3rd, Elder Lyman 
preached the funeral sermon of Pa- 
triarch Thos. Callister in Fillmore, 

In December Elders Lyman and 
John Henry Smith were sent to 
Parowan, Iron Co., to harmonize the 
Presidency of the Stake and High 
Council. They started from Salt Lake 
ChYy, Dec. 22nd, and returned Dec. 
29th, having attended meetings in 
Beaver and Minersville also. Feb. 
17, 1881. they started on a mission 
through the Stakes of J uab, Sanpete, 
Sevier, Panguitch. Kanab, St. George, 
Parowan and Beaver, and returned 
March 29th, having been gone forty 
days, traveling 900 miles (700 miles 
with team) and held 8G meetings. 
I April they made a tour of Millard 
Stake, holding meeting in every 
settlement, and from April 29th to 
May 9th they made a tour of the 
Wasatch and Summit Stakes, attend- 
ing conferences and holding meet- 
ings in most of the wards. 

June 4th Elders Lyman, Joha 
Henry Smith and Junius F. Wells 
started on a mission south and were 
joined the next day. at Minersville, 
by Pres. Johu R. M unlock. They 
traveled through the Parowan. St. 
George, Panguitch, Beaver and Mil- 
lard Stakes, and held meetings in 
most of the wards. On June 27th 
they organized a ward in Frisco, 
Beaver County, with Benjamin Ben- 
nett as Bishop, and S. H. Reeves and 
J. D.Irvine as his Counselors. They 
returned to Salt Lake City July 4th. 

August 9th, Polder Lyman started 
from Salt Lake City for the Cassia 
County settlements, in Idaho, with 
the following brethren: John Ilenry 
Smith, II. J. Grant, Geo. S. Grant, 
O. P. Bates, Chas. L. Anderson, A. 



262 



TIIE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



H. Hale. A. W. Davis, John W. 
Cooley. F. M. Lyman, jun., A. J. 
Davis and Geo.. A. Smith. They 
held meetings, gave additional organ- 
izations where such were required 
and returned to Salt Lake City 
Aug. 26th. 

Oct. 20th, Elder Lyman and John 
H. Smith started on a tour to the 
Bear Lake Stake and held meetings 
in the settlements of Rich and Bear 
Lake Counties. They were called 
suddenly from this tour to joinPres. 
Taylor and company in a visit to the 
settlements of Millard, Beaver, Pa- 
rowan and St. George Stakes. 

Elder Lyman returned from St. 
George because of the death of his 
daughter Alta, and was thus pre- 
vented from returning with the com- 
pany by way of the Kanab and 
Sevier Stakes. After the burial of 
his daughter, and having attended 
the Summit Stake conference Nov. 
12th and 13th, in company with 
Pres. Jos. F. Smith and F. M. 
Lyman, jun., and also the Millard 
Stake conference on Nov. 20th and 
27th. he hastened to meet Pres. 
Taylor and company at Gunnison, 
on 'their return from the south. The 
company attended the Sanpete Stake 
conference Nov. 30th and Dec. 1st, 
in Ephraim. and were joined by 
Pres. Jos. F. Smbh, Elders John 
Henry Smith and C. W. Penrose. 
Meetings were held indifferent parts 
of Sanpete County by the Elders 
going out two and two, and all 
joined again and attended the Utah 
Stake conference Dec. 3rd and 4th, 
and reached Salt Lake City Dec. 5th. 
President Taylor was the only one 
of the Apostles who made the whole 
trip. 

From the 21st of March to the 4th 
of April, 1882. Elder Lyman was on 
a mission in the Stakes of Sanpete 
and Millard, after which he moved 
part of his family to Provo and put 
his elder children in the B. Y. Acad- 
emy for the following three years. 
On May 18th, he started south on a 
mission through the Stakes of Juab, 
Sanpete. Millard, Sevier, Panguitch 
and Beaver. He traveled in com- 



pany with Pres. Woodruff, Elders 
F. D. Richards and John Henry 
Smith in Sanpete, was alone in Mil- 
lard and with Bro. John H. Smith in. 
Sevier. Panguitch and Beaver. Thej^ 
were joined by Elder Erastus Snow 
at Panguitch, and the three finished 
their labors together and returned 
to Salt Lake City June 21st. Dur- 
ing this mission no less than half a 
dozen new wards or Bishoprics were 
organized. Jesse W. Crosby, jun., 
was sustained as President of the 
Panguitch Stake with M. M. Steele 
and Daniel Cameron as his Coun- 
selors. James Henrie was ordained 
a Patriarch. Daniel Thompson was 
sustained as first Counselor in the 
Presidency of the Millard Stake to 
fill the vacancy' caused by the calling 
of Elder Edw. Partridge to preside 
over the Sandwich Islands Mission. 

Between July oth and 19th Elder 
Lyman attended the conferences of 
Parowan and Beaver Stakes and held 
meetings in the other settlements of 
those Stakes. He also spent a few 
days in the mountains east of Paro- 
wan with his brothers, AmasaM., 
Lorenzo S., Henry E., Charles R., 
AVilliam H., Solon E. and some of 

I their families. Aug. 4th, he started 
from Provo. and joined Pres. Tay- 
lor's party at Salt Lake City, in a 
tour of the settlements of Cache and 

I Bear Lake Valleys, attending con- 
ferences and holding meetings in the 

i wards of those Stakes. The party 

1 consisted of Prests. John Taylor, 
Jos. F. Smith and W. Woodruff, 
Elders L. Snow, E. Snow, F. D. 
Richards, F. M. Lyman, John H. 
Smith and others. After the Cache 
Stake conference Pres. Taylor took 
Elders Moses Thatcher. F. M. Lyman 
and others with him to finish the 
rest of the northern mission. AVhen 
they were nooning at the Temple 
Mill in the mountains between Cache 
and Bear Lake valleys, a message 
overtook them by express, requiring 
Pres. Taylor's immediate return to 
Salt Lake City. Pres. Taylor re- 
turned, and Elder Lyman continued 
his mission in company with his wife 

i and daughter, Pres. C. O. Card and 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



263 



wife, and was joined in bis labors 
by Elders William W. and Jobn 
W. Taylor. They attended confer- 
ence and many other meetings in 
Bear Lake Valley, Gentile Valley and 
Cache Valley, going by way of Soda 
Springs, and returned to Salt Lake 
City, Aug. 19th. 

Sept. 21st, Elder Lyman, in com- 
pany with Elders John Henry Smith, 
H. J. Grant, Bishop Edw. Hunter, 
Jan., and the latter' s daughter Ettie, 
started from Salt Lake City for the 
Goose Creek or Cassia County settle- 
ments, in Idaho. They went by 
train as far as Terrace. On this 
mission they completed the organ- 
ization of the branches of Oakley, 
Little Basin, Albion, Cassia and 
Almo ; in the Cassia Ward, under the 
Bishopric of Hortou D. Haight, with 
Win. C. Martindale and George 
Whittle as Counselors. They re- 
turned to Salt Lake City Sept. 29th. 

From Nov. 16th to 23rd Elder 
Lyman was in company with Prests. 
Taylor, Cannon and Woodruff, El- 
ders George Teasdale, George Rey- 
nolds and John Irvine in a preach- 
ing tour of the Sanpete and Juab 
Stakes. 

On Nov. 17th J 'resident Taylor 
anounced to Elder Lyman that his 
Lamanite missionary labors would 
be to the Shoshones, of Tooele 
County, and the Dtes, of Uintah. 
From Dec. 15th to 20th Elder Lyman 
joined the Presidency and, half of 
his quorum in the conference at 
Logaa and held meetings in most of 
the large settlements in Cache and 
Box Elder Stakes. At this confer- 
ence the Cassia Ward with all its 
branches was detatched from the 
Tooele Stake and made a part of the 
Box Elder Stake. 

At Grantsville, Dec. 30th, Elder 
Lyman sat in council with President 
Chas. L Anderson, Bishop E, Hun- 
ter, jun.. Win. C. Rydalch, John T. 
Rich and Win. H.Lee, and accepted the 
choice of the Presidency and Twelve 
of Bro. William Lee to take the 
Presidency of the Indian Mission in 
Tooele County. Owen H. Barrus 
and John A. Erickson were chosen 



as missionaries to the Lamanites. 
Subsequently Benjamin L. Bowen 
was also chosen for the same mis- 
sion. They were to enter into this 
mission with their families. 

From Jan. 6th to the 17th, 1883, 
Elder Lyman held meetings in all 
the wards of Millard Stake, assisted 
by the Presidency of the Stake. On 
Jan. 9th, he organized the Leam- 
ington Ward, with Lars Nielson Chri- 
sten sen as Bishop and Win, A. 
Walker and B. P. Textorius as 
Counselors. Jan. 20th, he joined 
Prests. IVylor, Jos. F. Smith and W. 
Woodruff on their way from Salt 
Lake City to Ogden to attend the 
Weber Stake conference. Elder F. 
D. Richards joined the company in 
Ogden. At this conference Lewis 
W. Shurtliff was chosen as President 
of the Weber Stake, with C. F. 
Middleton and N. C. Flygare as 
Counselors. A new Bishopric for 
the Fourth Ward was organized with 
Bishop Edwin Stratford and Coun- 
selors Winthrop Farley and Thos. 
J. Stevens. 

Jan. 22nd, Elder Lyman and Pres. 
Shurtliff held meeting in Plain City, 
when the Bishopric of that ward was 
given to George W. Bramwell, jun., 
with Counselors John Spiers and 
Peter C. Green. These brethren 
were ordained on the 23rd. Elders 
Lyman and Shurtliff also held meet- 
ings in Harrisville, Slatervilie, North 
Ogden, West Weber and Hooper- 
ville, and returned to the City Jan. 
24th. 

From Feb. 16th to the 20th, in- 
clusive, Elder Lyman and son F. M. 
Lyman, jun., attended the Sanpete 
Stake conference, in Ephraim, and 
also held meetings in Manti and 
Wales. At this conference he made 
arrangements with Bishop Jobn 
Spencer and Indian Nephi, of In- 
dianola, to accompany him in May 
or June of that year, on a mission to 
the Utes of Uintah. In March, ac- 
companied by Elder Junius F.Wells, 
he made a preaching tour of the 
Emery Stake, holding meetings in all 
the settlements besides attending the 
conference in Huntington on the 3rd 



264 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



and 4th. At this conference the 
High Council of that Stake was sus- 
tained and organized. George Frand- 
sen was ordained Bishop of the Price 
Ward, with E. W. Mclntire and C. 
B. Rhodes as his Counselors. 

March 13th, Elder Lyman started 
on atrip to Deep Creek, Tooele Co., 
in the interest of the Indian Mission, 
in company with Pros. C.L.Anderson 
and Elders W. C. Pydalch, John T. 
Rich and S. S. Worthington. He 
received by purchase over a thousand 
acres of land with water , much of it 
fenced, and with some buildings and 
other improvements lor the establish- 
ment of an Indian Mission. He and 
his brethren preached the Gospel to 
the Lamanites, taught them the doc- 
trines and history contained in the 
Book of Mormon and bore testimony 
to them of the restoration of the 
Gospel through Joseph Smith. He 
returned to Tooele March 21st. 

On May 4th, he started from 
Provo, accompanied by Bishop John 
E. Booth as far as Heber City on his 
way to the Ute Indians of Uintah, 
and attended the Wasatch Stake 
conference on May 5th and 6th. in 
Heber City, where he made all neces- 
s a ry preparation s for his mission. On 
the 9th, he and party, consisting of 
Pres. A. Hatch, Frank A. Fraughton 
and Geo. T. Giles moved out into 
Strawberry Valley, after having b< en 
hindered some time on the way by 
the breaking of a king bolt. In that 
valley they were joined by Bishop 
John Spencer and Hyrum Seelyfrom 
Sanpete. These brethren had crossed 
the mountains from Spanish Fork 
Canyon, and were compelled to leave 
their wagon on top of the mountains 
in four feet of snow, with Indian 
Nephi to guard it and the supplies, 
as it was impossible to get the wagon 
and supplies out, Bros. Giles and 
Seely returned to their homes, hav- 
ing started out only to help across 
the mountain. The party laid over 
one day on Currant Creek, waiting 
for Bishop Spencer and Indian 
Nephi to bring up their baggage 
from their deserted wagon. In the 
afternoon of the 10th of May Elder 



Lyman walked to the top of a sugar 
loaf mountain. about two miles and a 
half north of the camp, on Currant 
Creek, which is about one thousand 
feet above the table land, and there 
kneeled upon a large flat stone, 
facing the Indian country and offered 
up a prayer for the opening up of 
the mission to the Lamanites of that 
region, and particularly asked the 
Lord to soften the hearts of the 
Indian agents at Uintah and Ouray, 
ontheUncompahgre reservation. He 
had learned that these agents were 
very bitterly opposed to the "Mor- 
mon" people and their doctrines. 

Early in the morning of the 12th, 
Elder Lyman was seized with what 
threatened to prove a fatal rupture, 
in the lower part of his body on the 
left side, which put him for two 
hours in the throes of death, from 
which he was only rescued b} r the 
power of God, through the laying 
on of hands by Pres. A. Hatch and 
the Elders of the camp. lie was 
healed instantly as the hands were 
taken from his head. Up to this 
juncture, it seemed as if Satan were 
determined that the mission to the 
Utes should not be opened up. 
Immediately after the recovery of 
Elder Lyman, the company, now 
consisting of himself, Pres. Hatch, 
Bishop Spencer, Elders Fraeghton 
and Indian Nephi, witli two wagons 
and live horses, continued their 
journey without any further trouble. 
On the loth, at the Uintah Agency, 
they were joined by Pres. A. K. 
Thurber, who had left Richfield on 
the 8th with his pack mule and rid- 
ing horse and was alone till he fell 
in" with A. C. Hatch, at Currant 
Creek, who was company for him to 
the agency. 

Agents J. J. Critchlow, at Uintah, 
and J. F. Minniss, at Ouray, re- 
ceived the missionaries with marked 
kindness, and the white men at both 
agencies, including Agent Minniss, 
attended the meetings. The Gospel 
and the Book of Mormon were freely 
taught by Elder Lyman and his 
brethren, including Elder Nephi and 
Tabby and many more of the chief 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



265 



Utes, who are firm Latter-day Saints. 
They bore very powerful and fear- 
less testimonies. A conference was 
held at Ashley on the 19th and 20th 
of May, when the following Indian 
missionaries were selected, sustained 
and set apart: Bishop Jeremiah 
Hatch, President, Israel Clark, Jere- 
miah Hatch, jun., Thomas Karren, 
George Glines and Thomas Bingham, 
jun. The parly returned to Heber 
City on the 27th and Elder Lyman 
to Frovo on the 28th of May. From 
the 6th to the 14th of June Elder 
Lyman made a tour of Millard 
County holding meeting in the prin- 
cipal settlements. From the 16th to 
the 27th of June he was one of the 
party withPrests. Taylor and Cannon 
on a southern tour. They held meet- 
ings at Nephi, Deseret, Minersville 
and Beaver, and attended the Faro- 
wan Stake conference on the 23rd 
and 2-lth, at which point Elder Eras- 
tus Snow joined the company. 

August 11th, Elder Lyman took 
his son (F. M., jun.) and went by 
rail and team to Indianola, Sanpete 
Co., which is an Indian Ward, where 
they held meetings ; the singing and 
much of the praying were done by 
the Lamanites. At this place a small 
company was formed consisting of the 
two Lymans. Bishop J. Spencer, Henry 
E. Gardner, Jos. Nephi Seely with 
wife and two little children, with two 
wagons, and Indian Nephi (who had 
been surnamed "Lehi" by Elder 
Lyman while on their former mis- 
sion to Uintah), on horse back. They 
started on the 13th for Strawberry 
Valley, where they met Pres. A. 
Hatch, Bishop Wm. Forman, Frank 
A. Fraughton and other brethren 
with quite a number of ladies out on 
a picnic. They held meeting with a 
small company of red men, preached 
the" Gospel to them and baptized 
three ; the others were already mem- 
bers of the Church. Elder Lyman 
and son returned to Provo on the 
16th. 

On the 17th, Elder Lyman joined 
Elders Erastua Snow, Brigham 
Young, Charles Wilcken and Andrew 
Jenson, at Provo, in a tour of the 



Sanpete Stake, attended conference 
at Mt. Pleasant, and many other 
meetings. Lyman held meeting in 
Fountain Green and inaugurated 
there a new Bishop, James Yorgason, 
and returned to Provo on the 22nd. 
On Aug. 30th Elder Lyman joined 
Elder John Morgan from Salt Lake 
City, at Provo, went east over the D. 
and R. G. Ry. to the Emery Stake, 
attended conference at Castle Dale, 
Sept. 1st and 2nd, and also held 
meetings in the other wards. They 
then continued their journey east- 
ward to Denver, and into San Luis 
Valley, in Colorado, and held con- 
ference at Manassa on the 8th and 
9th ; they also held meetings in all 
the wards. Elder Morgan was 
stricken down with sickness so that 
he could do but little preaching in 
that Stake. They then continued 
their journey making a thorough 
tour of the San Juan Stake and held 
conference at Bluff on the 22nd and 
23rd, wher. L. C. Burnham was sus- 
tained and ordained Bishop of Burn- 
ham Ward, with Joshua Stevens and 
A. S. Farnsworth as Counselors. 
They visited Burnham and Mancos, 
parts of the Stake, and returned, 
visiting Leadville on the way, to 
Provo, where they arrived on the 
29th. 

In November Elders L} 7 man and 
C. W. Penrose attended the Wasatch 
Stake Conference. He made a tour 
of all the branches in the Cassia 
Ward, in Idaho, and on November 
21st started south, taking with him 
his daughter Annie. At Scipio he 
selected Pres. Daniel Thompson to 
accompany him. Pres. A. H. Can- 
non joined him in his labors in Mil- 
lard Stake, where the Seventies were 
reorganized. Pres. Ira N. Hinkley 
took the party to Beaver, and Pres. 
J. R. Murdock to Parowan and 
Panguitch. Meetings were held by 
the way and conference at Panguitch. 
Elder John Houston accompanied 
the party through the Kanab, St. 
George and Parowan Stakes, where 
conferences or other meetings were 
held in most of the settlements. Pres. 
Woodruff. Erastus Snow and George 



266 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



Teasdale were also present at the 
St. George conference on Dec. 15th 
and 10th. Elder Eclw. M. Dalton 
accompanied the party to Milford 
from Par o wan, and Elder Lyman 
returned to Provo Dec. 25th. after 
having traveled 905 miles, attended 
five quarterly conferences, and al- 
together 60 meetings in 35 days. 

Dec. 27th, he joined company with 
Pres. Jos. F. Smith at Provo. on his 
way to the conference in Beaver, 
which they attended on the 29th and 
30th. held meeting in Minersville on 
the 31st and returned to Provo Jan. 
1. 1884. 

April 17, 1884, Elder L}-man ac- 
companied Prests. John Tajlor and 
Geo. Q. Cannon with the committee 
on the Iron Works, viz: Win. Jen- 
nings, Moses Thatcher, Erastus 
Snow, John R. Murdock, F. M. 
Lyman and Elias Morris, also Supt. 
John Sharp and many others — 23 
all told — to the south county. The} T 
held meetings through Beaver and 
Parowan Stakes, visited the iron 
mines and works at Iron City, and 
reported upon the changes of that 
interprise. 

Elder Lyman returned by vray of 
Parowan, Beaver, Fillmore and Des- 
eret to Salt Lake City April 28th. 
On May 3rd he started with Elder 
B. Young on a mission to Arizona, 
by way of Denver, Pueblo and Albu- 
querque. They held conference in 
St. Johns, Apache Co., Arizona, 
May 17th and 18th, and in St. Jo- 
seph, in the Little Colorado Stake. 
May 31st and June 1st. The} 7 also 
visited and instructed the people of 
all the other settlements in those 
Stakes. In visiting Prescott. the 
capital of Arizona, they were joined 
b} T Pres. Lot Smith and by Daniel 
Seegmiller, where they were cour- 
teously received by Gov. F. A. 
Tritle. Secretary Van Arm an. Judge 
Sumner Howard, Sheriff Henkle and 
members of the bar. They visited 
Fort Moroni, in the San Francisco 
mountains. Returning from the cap- 
ital, they crossed the country from 
Holbrook,on the Atlantic and Pacific 
railway, by Woodruff, Snowflake, 



Erastus, St. Johns, Zuni village and 
Reservation Savoia and Fort Win- 
gate, then to the railway again, and 
reached Salt Lake Cit}- on June 
20th. 

From July 9th to the 23rd Elder 
Lyman was off on a preaching tour 
through Millard Stake. August 5th, 
he joined President Taylor's party, 
including Pres. Geo. Q. Cannon, 
Elders L. John Nuttall, John Irvine 
and a number of sisters in a tour of 
the Bear Lake, Bannock, Oneida and 
Cache Stakes. Conferences or other 
meetings were held in the settlements 
in detail, including the Indian Mis- 
sion and settlements in Malad Valley. 
The High Council of the Bannock 
Stake and several Bishoprics were 
organized, and a large amount of 
important business transacted in each 
Stake. Elder Geo. Teasdale joined 
the company at Evanston, and was 
with it the balance of the tour. El- 
ders Erastus Snow and Sol. H. Hale, 
from Gentile Valley, joined the party 
at the conference in Paris on the 
10th, also Pres. C. O. Card from 
Logan. They returned as soon as 
conference was over. After a labor- 
ious mission the party returned to 
Salt Lake Cit}- Aug. 28th and was 
met in Ogden b} r Pres. Jos. F. Smith, 
Elders Erastus Snow and John Mor- 
gan. 

From Sept. 18th to 25th Elder 
Lyinan was preaching in the Millard 
Stake settlements. On Nov. 14th, 
he joined Prests. Taylor, Geo. Q. 
Cannon, W. Woodruff and Elders 
Moses Thatcher, W. X. Dusenberrv, 
L. John Nuttall and John Irvine in a 
tour of the Sanpete Stake and hold- 
ing conference in Ephraim, and visit- 
ing the Temple in Manti. The party 
returned to Salt Lake City, while 
Elder Lyman continued his mission 
south, in company- with Pres. A. K. 
Tuurber, holding meetings by the 
way and conference in Richfield, 
Nov. 22nd and 23rd, where he was 
joined by Elder Geo. Teasdale and 
Pres. S. B. Young. The reorgan- 
ization of the Seventies of the Sevier 
Stake was accomplished. Elders 
Lyman, Teasdale and Pres. Thurber 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



267 



made a tour of Rabbit Valley and 
Grass Valley, attended thePanguitch 
Stake conference on the 29th and 
30th, and visited the out-of-the-way 
settlements of Escalante and Cannon- 
ville, accompanied by Pres. Jesse 
W. Crosby, jun. At Cannonville 
they effected a ward organization 
with Wm. J. Henderson as Bishop, 
and Daniel Goulding and E. H. 
Thompson as his Counselors. The 
Elders with Pres. Crosby extended 
their mission through the Stakes of 
I^anab, St. George and Parowan, 
attended the conferences and held 
meetings in all the wards by the 
way. They shared their labors in 
St. George with Elder Erastus Sdow 
and were taken from Parowan to 
Milford by Elder Edw. M. Dalton 
on the 22nd, and reached Salt Lake 
Dec. 23rd. On the 24th Elder Lyman 
took quite a number of his family to 
Payson, where he attended the re- 
union of the Tanner family, which 
lasted over the 25th, 26th and 27th. 
Elder F. D. Richards and members 
of his family were also in attendance. 

On the 27th Elder Sidney Tanner 
was ordained a Patriarch to the fam- 
ily and promised five years more 
lease of life, if he would faithfully 
attend to the duties of his office, al- 
though he was at that time 75 yeais 
of age. 

On the evening of the 27th Elder 
Lyman took train for Beaver, where 
he joined Elder Teasdale in confer- 
ence at noon on the 28th. The two 
Elders were engaged with important 
business in Beaver on the 29th and 
30th, and while holding meeting in 
Adamsville in the evening of the 
30th, Elder Lyman received a mes- 
sage from Pres. Taylor requesting 
him to be in Salt Lake City on the 
2nd of January, 1885, "prepared to 
take a few weeks' trip." 

Jan. 3, 1885, Pres. Taylor's partj^ 
started out over the Utah Central 
and Union Pacific Railways b} r way 
of Denver, Pueblo and Albuquerque. 
The party was made up as follows : 
Prests- John Taylor and Joseph F. 
Smith, Elders Brigham Young, 
Moses Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, John 



Q. Cannon, Jesse N. Smith, Lot 
Smith, C. W. Penrose, John Sharp, 
George Reynolds, Daniel S. Spencer, 
Charles Barrell, Brigham Randall 
and Mr. Miller. Elder Erastus Snow 
joined the party at Pueblo, traveling 
by the D. & R. G. Ry. Elders 
Young and Penrose and Mr. Miller 
parted from the company at Chey- 
enne Jan. 4th. While Pres. Taylor 
and the rest of the party were mak- 
ing the tour of the eastern Arizona 
and Little Colorado Stakes, Elder 
Lyman and Bishop John Sharp made 
a trip to Prescott on business, and 
returned to Holbrook, on the Atlan- 
tic and Pacific Railway, where they 
again joined company with the main 
party on Jan. 11th, and traveled to 
Albuquerque the same evening, where 
they transferred to the A. T. and 
S. F. Ry. , and reached St. David on 
the 13th on their way into Sonora. 
The 14th was spent in St. David, 
and on the 15th they ran down past 
Nogales, and Hermosilla, the capital 
of Sonora, to Guaymas, on the Gulf 
of California. Returning to t^t. 
David they parted company with 
Prests. Jesse N. and Lot Smith and 
were joined by Pres. C. Layton. 
They made a tour of the Maricopa 
Stake, after which Elder Lyman and 
Pres. C. La\'ton on Jan. 21st visited 
Elders Flake and Skouson in the 
Yuma Penitentiary, Arizona. (These 
were the first of our brethren ever 
committed to that prison for con- 
science sake.) They joined the main 
party again on the 22nd and con- 
tinued the tour by way of Los An- 
geles, San Francisco and Sacramento 
to Salt Lake City, where they ar- 
rived Jan. 27th. 

While this party was away many 
threats were in the air that Pres. 
Taylor and other members of the 
party would be arrested at once on 
their arrival either at Ogden or Salt 
Lake City. Nothing of the kind was 
attempted. Since that time, however, 
it has seemed wise for the Presidency 
and some of the Apostles to with- 
draw from the public gaze and to 
perform their duties in a more re- 
tired way. 



268 



THE XWBLVB APOSTLES. 



Feb. 9th, Elder Lyman went to 
Pay son. At Nephi, on the loth he 
was joined by Elders II. J. Grant, 
S. B. Young and C. D. Fjcldsted. 
They attended the Stake conference 
in Manti on the 14th and 15th. El- 
ders Lyman and Grant continued 
their mission to Gunnison, Scipio 
and Fillmore. At the latter place 
Stake conference was held on the 
21st and 22nd. At this conference 
Bishop Joseph D. Smith was honor- 
ably released from the Bishopric of 
the Fillmore ward, as he was soon 
to start on a mission to Europe. 
Thomas C. Callister was chosen and 
ordained Bishop to iill the vacancy, 
and Alma Greenwood and James A. 
Melville were set apart as his Coun- 
selors. Elder Grant returned to 
the Cit} r on the 23rd and Elder 
Lyman on the 24th. 

From Feb. 26th to March 9th, El- 
ders Lyman and Grant made a tour 
of the Emery Stake and Pleasant 
Valley coal mines. From March 
31st to Aprd 8th Elder Lyman was 
in attendance at the General Annual 
Conference, at Logan, at which time 
the U. S. marshal and his deputies 
were present in force from Salt Lake 
City and Idaho, with the air full of 
threats to arrest, and to enter the 
Temple in the hope of finding the 
Presidency Elder Lyman and Eras- 
tus Snow attended the Stake con- 
ference at Coalville, Summit Co., on 
May 9th and 10th. 

From May 12th to the 24th Elder 
Lyman was on a visit to the Deep 
Creek Indian Mission, in company 
with Pres. II. S. Gowans and Elder 
Win. C. Rydalch. On this occasion 
Pres. Wm. Lee, at his own request, 
was honorably released from the In- 
dian Mission because of his age and 
feebleness. Elder Owen II. Barrus 
was then chosen to preside in the 
mission with John A. Erickson and 
Benjamin L. Bowen as his Coun- 
selors. 

June 5th, Elder Lyman was ap- 
pointed on an exploring mission to 
Mexico to be joined at El Paso, in 
Texas, by Senor Iguacio Gomez del 
Campo, from the city of Mexico, to 



examine government lands suitable 
for the settlements. From June 12th 
to the 30th he and John Henry Smith 
performed a mission in Millard, 
Parowan and Beaver Stakes. Elder 
H. J. Grant joined them at Miners- 
ville and shared in the labors at the 
Parowan Stake conference on the 
20th and 21st, at which time Bishop 
John E. Dalley was sustained as 
first Counselor in the Presidency of 
the Stake, Bishop Wm. C. Mitchell 
as a member of the High Council. 
The two wards of Parowan were 
joined in one, with Charles Adams 
as Bishop and W. C. McGregor and 
Lars Mortensen as his Counselors. 

July 3rd, Elder Lyman left his 
home in Tooele on his mission to 
Mexico, at which time members of 
his family were prostrated with seri- 
ous attacks of sickness. He left 
Salt Lake City July 5th without a 
companion, traveling by rail to El 
Paso. Texas, where he arrived July 
8th, and was met by Elders George 
Teasdale and Jesse N. Smith on the 
9th. Elder Lyman was very kindly 
received by Senor Escobar, Mex- 
ican consul at El Paso, who in- 
troduced him to Senor Campo. 

At this time the States of Chihua- 
hua and Sonora in Mexico, as well as 
Arizona, were in terror from the 
murderous raids of Geronimo, the 
Apache chief, and his band of out- 
laws, and they were understood to 
be in the Sierra Madre, in the State 
of Chihuahua, the very country they 
were to explore. Hence Senor Campo 
concluded to send a military man — 
Colonel Angel Boquet — with orders 
for a company of Mexican troops for 
their protection, should they need 
them. Elders Lyman, Teasdale and 
party reached Corral itos, on the 
Casas Grandes River, in the State of 
Chihuahua, July 16th, where four 
days were spent in holding meetings 
with the camps of the Saints and in 
getting together a small company of 
explorers, with riding and pack 
annimals, saddles, provisions, arms 
and ammunitions. Colonel Boquet 
would not consent to enter the moun- 
tains without soldiers, as news of 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



269 



fresh raids on ranches with murder 
and robbery came in every few days. 
The party all told was as follows : 
F. M. Lyinan, George Tcasdale, A. 
F. Macdonald, Jesse N. Smith, Geo. 
C. (or Parson) AYilliams, Isaac Tur- 
Ley, A. L. Farnsworth, Edmund 
Richardson, Moses M. Sanders and 
Israel Call. 

On July 20th they started from 
Turley's Camp, on the Casas 
Grandes River. The colonel was 
not ready with his soldiers, but pro- 
posed to overtake the party after a 
few days. With hi- troops he at- 
tempted to overtake the explorers, 
but failed, and suffered greatly for 
want of food before they found their 
way back to the settlements and 
supplies. The party finished their 
explorations July 31st and arrived 
at Pres. Jesse N. Smith's camp, near 
La Ascencion, where they were 
joined by Elders Erastus Snow, John 
W. Taylor and Frank R. Snow, 
Aug. 2nd. ■*» 

August 6th, 'after having visited 
all the camps of the Saints in that 
region of country, Elders E. Snow, 
Lyman, Teasdale, Taylor and F. R. 
Snow took passage in wagons with 
Pres. Lot Smith and M. M. Sanders 
for -an Jose station, on the Mexican 
Central Railroad. From that point 
Elders Teasdale, Smith and Sander 3 
returned to the camps, the others 
going to El Paso by rail, where they 
were met by Flder Brigham Young 
and President C. Layton on the 
9th. 

August 13th, Elders Snow and 
Lyman started by the Mexican Cen- 
tral Railway for the city of Mexico, 
where they arrived August 16th. 
The mission to the city of Mexico 
and the regions round about oc- 
cupied those brethren till Sept. 7th. 
JJlder Helaman Pratt, who presided 
in the Mexican Mission, was located 
in the city of Mexico with his fam- 
ily, also Elder Horace Cummings. 
At Ozurnba Elders Isaac J. Stewart 
and Wm. W. Cluff, jun., were lo- 
cated. Elders Snow and Lyman 
took leave of the city of Mexico 
Sept. 7th and arrived in Salt Lake 



City on the 13th, traveling all the 
distance by rail. 

In October Elder Lyman was in 
attendance at the General Semi-An- 
nual Conference of the Church in 
Logan, in connection with Elders F. 
Richards, Moses Thatcher, John 
Henry Smith. Heber J. Grant and 
John W. Taylor, of the Apostles ; 
and on his return to Salt Lake City, 
with Elder John Henry Smith, held 
meetings in Hyrum and YVellsville ; 
at the latter place they were assisted 
by Elder Moses Thatcher ; they also 
held meetings in Mantua, Brigham. 
Willard and Huntsville. 

From Oct. 20th to Nov. 6th Elder 
Lyman was on a mission to all the 
settlements of Emery take, assisted 
on the west side of the Make by 
Elder B Young and at Price and 
Moab, on Grand River, by Elder H. 
J. Grant. Having been called on 
another mission to Mexico, he started 
from Salt Lake City Nov. 10th, in 
company with Elders Erastus Snow 
and Brigham Young for the south. 
They went by rail to Holbrook, on 
the Atlantic and Pacific Railway. 
from which point they traveled by 
team preaching the Gospel in all the 
settlements of the Little Colorado 
and Eastern Arizona Makes, and 
then crossed the great Mogollon 
Mountains to the Gila settlements, 
in the St. Joseph Stake. The mur- 
derous Apaches were stealing and 
killing at the time on every hand. 
They reached the settlement of -af- 
ford Nov. 29th and on the 1st of 
December, on the road they had 
passed over, Lorenzo •-. Wright, 
aged 31 years, and Seth Wright, 21 
years of age, sons of the late Hon. 
Jonathan C. Wright, of Box Elder 
County, Utah, were shot to death by 
Apaches. Elders Snow, Young and 
Lyman each spoke at the funeral of 
the murdered brethren in Layton 
Dec. 2nd. After finishing their 
labors among the Gila settlements 
the brethren who accompanied the 
Apostles over the mountains (in- 
cluding Pres. Oscar Mann, Bishop 
Edward Noble, Smith D. Rogers, 
Price Nelson and others) returned 



270 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



home, and the Elders traveled by- 
teams to St. David on the i-an Pedro 
River, accompanied by Prests. Lay- 
ton, Martineau and Johnson and 
Bishop Ta}dor, of Pima, where they 
arrived Dec. oth. 

From Dec. 11th to 21st the follow- 
ing brethren were gone on an ex- 
ploring tour in Sonora as far south 
as the dilapidated town of Arispe, 
the ex-capital of the State of .^onora, 
on the .-onora River, viz : Brigham 
Young, F. M. Lyman, John W. 
Campbell, John Hill, Thos. S. Mer- 
rill, Joseph N. Curtis and M. G. 
Trejo. Elder Snow in the meantime 
made a tour of the Maricopa -take, 



on Salt River. On the return of the 
exploring party they were joined at 
St. David by Elders Erastus Snow 
and Geo. Teasdale. 

Dec. 24th Elders Young and L} T man 
took train at Benson on the Southern 
Pacific Railway, accompanied to 
Deming by Elder Teasdale, and ar- 
rived in Salt Lake City Dec. 29, 
1885. Elder Lyman traveled in 1884 
and 1885 about 36,000 miles. 

Jan. 19, 1886, Elder Lyman's fam- 
ily were accorded a hearing before 
the grand jury of the Third District 
Court, in Salt Lake City, and since 
that time it has been deemed unsafe 
for him to remain in Utah Territory. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Salt Lake County contains that 
part of Utah Territor}" "which is 
bounded south by Utah County, west 
by the summit of the range of moun- 
tains (Oquirrh) between Great Salt 
Lake and Tooele Valleys and a line 
running from the northern termi- 
nation of saidsummit through Black 
Rock on the south shore of Great 
Salt Lake, north by the shore of 
said lake easterly to the mouth of 
the Jordan River, thence by the 
centre of the channel of said river to 
a point due west from the Hot 
Springs north of Salt Lake City, 
thence by a line running due east to 
said Hot Springs, thence by the 
summit of the spur range terminat- 
ing at such Hot Springs to its inter- 
section with the summit of the 
Wasatch Mountains, and east by the 
summit of said Mountains," which 
separate -^alt Lake County from 
Summit and Wasatch Counties. All 
the islands in the Great Salt hake 
also belong to Salt Lake Count}' for 
election, revenue and judicial pur- 
poses. 



Salt Lake County is the oldest 
most populous and richest county 
in Utah and covers an area of about 
twelve hundred square miles. The 
county has almost double the popu- 
lation of any other, while its capital, 
Salt Lake City, has about four times 
the number of inhabitants that the 
next largest city in Utah contains. 
The area of the county is not very 
large, but it is thickly settled. Salt 
Lake County is a practical embodi- 
ment, or representative, of all the 
counties north of the southern rim 
of the ,*alt Lake Basin. It contains 
a great number of farms, which are 
utilized to the best advantage ; its 
irrigating system is the most perfect ; 
all the minerals that have contrib- 
uted to the wealth of other com- 
munities, excepting, perhaps, coal, 
are found in Salt Lake County in great 
abundance and are unusually easy 
of access. The natural tendenc}' of 
wealth has been and still is to con- 
centrate here, where the capital of 
the Territory is ; and trade has con- 
sequently followed, or come with it 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



271 



hand in hand. The most remark- 
able granite deposits exist in this 
county, and in Little Cottonwood 
Canyon. This has for years been a 
source of wealth. The Salt Lake 
Temple is built of granite quarried 
from this deposit, while frequent de- 
mands are made for it for other pur- 
poses. The Salt Lake Assembly 
Hall is also constructed of the same 
stone. There are two woolen mills 
in the county ; the largest tannery 
and shoe factory in the Territory ; 
numerous smelting and reduction 
and sampling works, lead pipe and 
white lead works. Of a population 
bordering on 35,000 souls, Salt Lake 
City itself has close on 25,000, which 
leaves 10,000 for the farming, min- 
ing and stock-raising inhabitants of 
the county. The east side of the 
valley is most thickly settled, be- 
cause the Wasatch Range yields an 
abundance of water which is utilized 
for farming; while the low Oquirrh 
Range on the western side of the 
valley affords but few and insuffi- 
cient streams. Canals are being con- 
structed and artesian wells bored, 
which are assisting very materially 
in the more rapid settlement of the 
western half of the county, and give 
promise that, in a few years, it will 
not be behind the eastern half, with 
all its natural advantages. The Jor- 
dan River, the outlet for Utah Lake, 
runs almost through the centre of 
the county and finds its way to the 
Great Salt Lake. The other prin- 
cipal streams in the county are City 
Creek, Red Butte Creek, Emigration 
Creek, Canyon or Parley's Creek, 
Mill < reek, Big and Little Cotton- 
woods Creeks, all rising in the 
Wasatch Mountains on the east, and 
Bingham (reek, Rose Creek and 
Butterfield Creek, whose sources are 



in the Oquirrh range of mountains 
on the west. 

The earliest, and perhaps the 
richest mining districts in which gold 
and silver, and lead and copper were 
found in abundance in the Territory, 
and which first excited attention, 
were discovered in this county. The 
Bingham or West Mountain district 
is inferior, only to the Tintic Dis- 
tricts. There are also the Little 
Cottonwood and Big Cottonwood dis- 
tricts in the Wasatch Range, in both 
of which are hundreds of good prop- 
erties. The other mining districts 
in the county are Adams', Hot 
Springs, Draper, Granite, Red Butte, 
Island and New Eldorado. Gold, 
silver, lead, copper, iron, marble 
and salt abounds. 

The people of Salt Lake County 
generalty are wealthy in homes, in 
excellent farms, in a fine grade of 
cattle and horses, in mannfactures, 
and in all that contributes to wealth 
and to its permanent increase 
through economic resources. The 
mineral springs — Hot and Warm so 
called — are among the most noted 
in the West, while the Great Salt 
Lake is yearly visited by thousands 
who pass through this count}- to 
reach its shores. It is a central 
point for nearly all the railroads in 
the Territory. Salt Lake City is not 
only the capital of the county, but 
of the Territory! 

Salt Lake County is at present 
divided into 31 voting precincts. Of 
these five are in Salt Lake City, 
namely the First (comprising the 
First, Second, Third, Eighth, Ninth 
and Tenth Bishop's Wards). Second 
(comprising the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, 
Seventh, Fourteenth and Fifteenth 
Bishop's Wards). Third (compris- 
ing the Sixteenth. Seventeenth and 



272 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Nineteenth Bishop's Wards). Fourth 
(comprising the Kighteenth, Twen- 
tieth and Twenty - first Bishop's 
Wards) and Fifth (comprising the 
Eleventh, Twelfth and Thirteenth 
BishopsWards. The country district is 
divided into 2G precincts, namely, Big 
Cottonwood. Bingham, Bluff Dale, 
Brighton, Butler. Draper, East Mill 
Creek, Farmers, Granger, Granite 
Herriman, Hunter, Little Cotton- 
wood, Mill Creek, Mountain Dell, 
North Jordan, North Point, Pleasant 
Green, Riverton, Sandy, Silverton, 
South Cottonwood, South Jordan, 
Sugar House, Union and West 
Jordan. 

The county is also divided into 
school districts numbered respect- 
ively from 1 to (54, with a few num- 
bers omitted. 

history— Salt Lake Comity, originally 
known ae Greal Salt Lake County, was first 
created by an act passed by the General As- 
sembly of the State of Deseret, in Dec, 1849- 
This act was ratified by the Legislative As- 
sembly of Utah Territory Feb. 3, 1852. On 
March 15th following the county was fully 
organized with Elias Smith as probate judge. 
Its present boundaries were established by 
an act of the Utah Legislature approved 
Jan. 10, 18(1(1. 

When the county was first organized in 
1852, it was divided into four voting pre- 
cincts, to Wit., G. S. L. City, Farmers, Cot- 
tonwood and West Jordan Precincts. Draper 
Precinct was added March 4, 1856 by order 
of Ihe county court. On July 21, 1863, the 
county court redistricted the county, divid- 
ing it into 11 precincts (4 in G. S. L. 
City and 7 in the country) namely: First, 
Second, Third and Fourth Precincts of G. 
8.L. City, and Sugar House, Mill Creek, 
Big Cottonwood, South Cottonwood, Union, 
Fort Herriman and Draper, the latter being 
I lie only one whose boundary lines were not 
changed. By subsequently dividing ami 
subdividing those precincts the following 
new ones have since been established : 

South Jordan created May 18, 1867 

Brighton do. '" " 

Bingham do. Feb. I, inti 

Granite do. March 24, " 
Little Cottonwood do. " " 

Silverton do. .Line (i, " 

North Jordan do. June 3, 1872 



Sandy Created Aug. 16, " 

Pleasant Green do. Julv 21, 1874 

Fifth Precinct, City, do. " " 

Mountain Dell do. Nov. 10, 1877 

Fast Mill Creek do. Dec. 5, " 

Farmers do. 

Butler do. " " 

Granger do. April 13, 1878 

Riverton do. Dec. 23, 1879 

Hunter do. March 19,1880 

North Point do. " " 

Bluff Dale do. Dec. 14, 1883 

The various school districts in the county, 
now numbering (JO, have been created as con- 
venience and increase of population de- 
manded it. Their numbers, location and 
dates of organization by the county court 
are given in the following: 

Created 
Dist. No. 1, City, 1st Ward, June 7, 1852 
" 2 " 2nd " " " 

" 3', " 3rd " " " 

" 4, » 4th " " " 

" 5 " 5th " " " 

» q\ " 6th " " " 

" 7, " 7th " " 

" 8, " 8th " " " 

" 9 " 9th " " " 

" 10' " 10th " " " 

" 11, " nih " " " 

" 12 " 12th " " " 

" Ki' " 13th " " " 

" 14, " l-:ih " » " 

" 15, " 15th " "' " 

" 16, " 16th " " " 

" 17, " 17th " " " 

" 18, " 18th " June 8, " 

" 19, " 19th " " 7, " 

" 20, " 20th " " 8, " (1 

" 21, West Jordan, " " 

" 22, Draper, " " 

" 23, Union, " " 

" -l\, South Cott'wood.June S. " 

„ go, •' " " 

" 27' West Jordan, Dec. 30, 1879(2 

" 28, Big Cott'wood, June 8, 1852 

» 29, Sugar House, " " 

" M0, Mill Creek, » " 

11 ;;[ it 11 11 

» 32J Brighton, Dec. 29, 1873(8 

» 33, K. Mill Creek, March24,l853 

» 34, Herriman, Sept. 6, 1854 

» 35, South Jordan, " 23, " 

" 86, Mill Creei , April 2, 1856 

" 37, Big Cott'wood, " " (4 

" 38, North Jordan, Dec. 8, 1868(5 

" 39, Mill Creek, June 9, 1872 

» 40, Farmers, May 3, 1872 

" 41, Sandy, Aug. 6, " (6 

" 42, Granite. Jan. 18, 1873 

" 43, Bingham, " " 

" 44, Riverton, Dec. 7, 1874 

» 45, S. Cott'wood, March (i, 1882(7 

» 40, Granger, Dec. 30, 1876 

" 47, Pleas'l Green, .March 5,1877 

" 48, North Point " .24, " 

" 49, Farmers, April 7, " 

" 50, Hunter, May 1, 1882(8 

" 51, City,21st Ward, Aug. 11,1877 

» 55, Mountain Dell, Nov. 10, " 

" 56, Granite, " " 

" 57, Butler, Dec. 15, " 

" 68, Sugar House, June 3, " 

" 69, Granger, Sept. 2, 1878 

" bl, Bluff Dale, Dec. 14, 1883 

" 62, Brighton, Julv 3, 1884 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



■21 :\ 



Hreated 

Dist. No. (i.'i, Hunter, Feb. 3, 1885 

" 64, North Jordan, " 13, 183U 

Note I. District X<>. 20 was located in West 
Jordan until Dee. S, lStiiS. See District 
No. 38. 

Note 2. A district Xo. :'T was established 
on the Big Cottonwood June 8, t8.">2, was 
consolidated with Disk No. :>0, Dec. 21, 
1878. 

Note 3. A district. No. 32. established June 
8, 1852, formerly existed east of Salt Lake 
City. 

Note 4. District No. 37 was known as Dist. 
No. 30 until Dec. 8, 1868. 

NoteS. District No. 38 was formerly Dist. 
No. 20. See that District. 
It appears that no district numbered 52, 53 

and 54 were ever organized. 

Note (i. A district, No. 60, organized Feb. 
7, 1880, was attached to Dist. Nc. 41, 
June 21, 1S87. 

Note 7. A district, No. 45, was established 
in Bingham Canyon, May 12, lsTo; dis- 
continued and attached to Dist. No. 43, 
Jan. Li', 1881. 

Note 8. A district, No. 50, known as the 
Old Telegraph or Duncan's Store Dis- 
trict, was established in Bingham Canyon 
Julv 7, 1877; discontinued and attached 
to Dist. No. 43, Jan. 22, 1S81. 

SALT LAKE STAKE OF ZION 
Comprises all of Salt Lake County 
and consists of 41 Bishop's Wards, 
namely. 21 City Wards and 20 in the 
country. The stastistical report on 
page 274 shows the number of mem- 
bers, etc.. in each Warn and also the 
total for the whole Stake. 

In May. 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities ami the acting Priesthood of 
the Make stood as follows: 

Presidency of the Stake — Angus M. Can- 
non, President; Joseph E. Taylor "and 
Charles W. Penrose lirst and second Coun- 
selors. 

Members, of the High Council— William 
Eddington, Theo. McKean, George J. Tay- 
lor, II. Dinwoodey, Joseph Home, A. W. 
Winberg, John T. Caine, Jesse W. Fox, 
Elias Morris, James P. Freeze, Milando 
Pratt, II. P. Richards. 

Alternate Councilors — Elias A. Smith, 

W. Vox, jun., Alonzo II. Raleigh, J. 

D.C.Young, John Nicholson, John Clark, 

David L. Davis, James Movie, Orson A. 

Wbolley, W. W. Riter. 

Clerk of the Stake and High Council — 
James D. Stirling. 

Stake Beporter — Arthur Winters. 

Patriarchs— Chas W. Hyde, John Lyon, 
Lorenzo 1). Young, Win. J. Smith, Geo. W. 
Hill, Wm. Diaper, Jos. C. Kingsbury, A. II. 
Raleigh, Truman O. Angell, Alexander Hill, 
Washington Lemon, Thos. E. Jeremy. 



Presidency of the High Priests 1 Quorum— 
Elias Smith, President; Elias Morris and 
Edward Snelgrove, Counselors. 

Home Missionaries — lames II. Anderson, 
of the Sixth Ward; Francis Armstrong, of 
the Eleventh Ward; Theodore Angell, of 
the Third Ward; Joseph Bull, of the Seven- 
teenth Ward; Walter J. Beatie, of the 
Seventeenth Ward; Wm. S. Brighton, of the 
Eleventh Ward; Willard C. Burton, of the 
Fifteenth Ward; Henry W r . Brown, of 
South CottonwooJ; Heber Reunion, of North 
Jordan; R, A. Ballantyne, of Draper; Rey- 
nold A. Crump, of Herriman; RudgerClaw- 
son,of the Eighteenth Ward; SpencerClaw- 
son, of the Thirteenth Ward, Geoi . 
Cannon, of the Seventeenth Ward; Martin 
Christofferson, of the Fanners 'Ward; Jeter 
Clinton, of the Fourteenth Ward; William 
B. Dougall, of the Seventeenth Ward; 
David L. Davis, of the Seventeenth Ward- 
David P. Davis, of the Seventeenth Ward- 
William Eddington, of the Seventh Ward; 
Jas. W. Eardley, of the Third Ward; Eras- 
tus G. Farmer, of Herriman; James T. 
Flashman, of the Sixteenth Ward; Hyriun 
Goff, of West Jordan; Hyrum Groesbeck, 
of the Fifteenth Ward; Heber S. Goddard, 
of the Thirteenth Ward; Leonard G. Hardy! 
of the Twelfth Ward; Francis D. Hughes' 
of the Eleventh Ward; Joseph Harfeer, of 
North Jordan; Thomas Harris, of thi 
teenlh Ward; Joseph s. Hyde, of the - 
teenth Ward; Frank H. Hyde, of 
teenth Ward. Andrew Jenson, of the Seven- 
teenth Ward; James H. Johnson, 
Second Ward; Wm. Knox, of the Seventh 
Ward; Andrew S. Kimball, of the Nine- 
teenth Ward: George C. Lambert, of the 
Seventh Ward; Richard G. Lambert, of the 
Fourth Ward; Charles Livingston, of the 
Eleventh Ward; Joseph P. Morgan, of the 
Fifteenth Ward; Elias Morris, of the Fif- 
teenth Ward; Frederick A. Mitchell, of the 
Eleventh Ward; Jas. II. Moyle, of the , 
teenth Ward; Sand. McKay, of the Eleventh 
Ward; Jas. L. McMurrin, of the i. 
Ward; Sand. W. Musser, of the First Ward: 
Alexander McMaster, of the Eleventh Ward ; 
James McGhie, of the Sugar House Ward; 
Aurelius Miner, of the Fourteenth Ward; 
John Nicholson, of the Eighteenth Wan I.- 
Henry W. Naisbitt, of the Twentieth Ward; 
Samuel Friday, of the Fifth Ward: Joshua 
H.Paul, of the Tenth Ward; M. R. Pack, 
of the Seventeenth Ward; Milsonll. Pratt of 
the Nineteenth Ward; Ward E. Pack, jun., 
of the Ninth Ward; John A. Quist, of Bi«- 
Cottonwood; Wm. W. Piter, of the Ninth 
Ward; F. S. Richards, of the Eighteenth 
Ward; Sam.W. Richards, of the Sugar House 



27 1 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



STATISTICAL REPORT 

OF THE 

SALT LAKE STAKE OF ZION, 

August 31st, 1887. 



WARDS. 



SALT LAKE CITY: 



First, . . . 
Second, . . 
Third, . . 
Fourth, . . 
Fifth, . . . 
Sixth, . . . 
Seventh, . . 
Eighth, . . . 
Ninth, . . . 
Tenth, . . . 
Eleventh, . 
Twelfth, . . . 
Thirteenth, 
Fourteenth, 
Fifteenth, . 
Sixteenth, . 
Seventeenth, 
Eighteenth, 
Nineteenth, 
Twentieth, 
Twenty-first, 



OFFICERS MEMBERS AND CHILDREN. 



COUNTRY WARDS: 



Big Cottonwood,. . 
Bluff Dale, .... 
Brighton, .... 

Draper 

East Mill Creek, . 
Farmers, .... 

Granger, .... 

Granite, .... 
Herriman, .... 

Mill Creek, . . . 
Mountain Dell, 

North Jordan, . . 
Pleasant Green, . 
Riverton, .... 

Sandy, 

South Cottonwood, 
South Jordan, . . 
Sugar House, . . 

Union 

West Jordan, . . 



Totals, 



ii 1310 



423 



38 

38 
30 
16 

55 5 
62 if 



36 
38 
94 
95 
34 
3i 
4i 
•71 
108 
48 
66 

J 39 
55 
[25 



1911 



446 325 



32 



■-• IB 

O H 



< a 
ft z 



X 




H 


Cfl 


a 




z ■ 







O 


Cfl 


7. < 


fc. 


W W 





x> 




^00 


« 



1224 



368 
328 

211 

179 

24O 
402 
380 

355 
240 

495! 
800! 
251 1 

438 

473 



46 702 



5-1 
.'".; 
963 
460 
662 



360 
46 
132 
328 
173 
125 
125 
n. 

120 
719 

19 
220 

152 

lib 
225 
572 

154 

188 

4 S 7 



460 
429 
290 



153 

89 
167 
?57 109 



345 
547 

479 
461 
325 
678 
1065 
362 
566 
.si 1 

'oi6| 254! 



185 

128 

ti8 

119 
264 

' 
165 

132 
260 



732 

474 

1307 

621 



'3i 
156 
253 ' 
162 






535 204 

83 37 

204 7 1 

522 233 

254 127 

i73 45 

[93 [28 

203 86 

41 17 

.^-' 151 

222 95 

177 122 

337 170 

269 142 

278 182 

7' s 25-' 



613 

5i8 
457 
366 
530 
733 
007 



104 
55 
75 
64 

"5 
132 
105 
579i JI 4 
444 82 
942 202 
1345 250 
454 ' s 5 
73i 177 
643 136 

944 i97 
■ • 
863 188 

783 171 
1369 300 



I 2( I 25 

275 55 



7-S 

218 

321 

271 

1390 

58 

Si 7 54 

4 1 1 73 

I"" 73 

47' 103 

f ->7" 163 



129 

65 
39 

53 
43 
4i 
228 
11 
74 



13872 19530672526253 I' iOI 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



275 



Ward; John Siddoway, of the First Ward; 
Joseph F. Simmons, of the Twentieth Ward; 
Joseph W. Summerhays, of the Sixteenth 
Ward; Joshua B. Stewart, of the Seventh 
Ward ; Arthur Stayner, of the Fourteenth 
Ward ; James Sharp, of the Twentieth Ward ; 
Charles R. Savage, of the Twentieth Ward; 
Robert vV. Sloan, of the Eighteenth Ward; 
John W.Snell, of the Eighth Ward; William 
W. Turner, of the Sixteenth Ward; William 
Wood, of the Nineteenth Ward; Albaroni 
H. Woolley, of the Ninth Ward; William 
Willes,of the Twentieth Ward; John Walsh, 
of the Tenth Ward; Wilford Woodruff, jun., 
of the Fourteenth Ward; Orson A. Woolley, 
of the Eleventh Ward; Joseph D. C. Young, 
of the Second Ward; He*nry A. Young, of 
the First Ward. 

Seventies — The following named quorums 
of Seventies are located in the Stake, and 
the names of the members of their respect- 
ive councils given, although not properly 
belonging to the Stake organization: 

— 2nd Quorum, located in the Sixth and 
Fifteenth Wards: Edson Barney, of St. 
George, Utah, Wm. F. Cahoon, of the 
Twelfth Ward, Zach. W. Derrick, of the 
Twelfth Ward, Wm. Taylor, of Big Cotton- 
wood, Eugene B.Fullmer,Thomas C. Griggs 
and Alexander Burt. 

— 3rd Quorum, located in the Fourteenth 
and Seventeenth Wards : Edmund Ellsworth, 
of Show Low, Apache Co., Arizona, Homer 
Duncan, of the Tenth Ward, Aurelius Miner, 
James W. Burbidge, Geo. G. Bywater, Rod- 
ney C. Badger and Andrew Jenson. 

— 4th Quorum, located in the Twenty-first 
Ward: Soreu P. Neve, Thomas F. H. Mor- 
ton, of the Third Ward, Thomas F. Thomas, 
Wm. H. Tovey, Wm. D. Owen and Richard 
J. Caffall. 

— Sth Quorum, located in the Twelfth and 
Thirteenth Wards :Robert Campbell, Stephen 
B. Rose, of Pleasant Grove, Utah Co., John 
Jaques, T. V. Williams, Wm. G. Phillips, of 
the Twentieth Ward, George Goddard and 
Charles J. Thomas. 

— 10th Quorum, located in the Second, 
Third, Eighth and Ninth Wards: Chandler 
Holbrook, of Fillmore, Millard Co., Royal 
Barney, Hamilton G. Park, of the Thirteenth 
Ward, Horace Drake, of Centerville, Davis 
Co., John Clark, of Fifteenth Ward, Chas. 
H. Bassett and Royal B. Young. 

— 18th Quorum, located in the Eighteenth 
and Twentieth Wards: Solon Foster, of the 
Eighth Ward, John Needham, of the Eighth 
Ward, Brighain Y. Hampton, Parley P. 
Pratt, Charles Sansom, James Sharp and 
Bernard Herman Schettler. 

— 14th Quorum, located in the North Jor- 



dan, Brighton, Granger and Pleasant Green 
Wards: Cyrus II. Gold, Peter LeCheminant, 
Hyrum Bennion, John T. Evans, Robert 
Hazen, sen., James L. Bess and Heber B. 
Bennion. 

— 16th Quorum, located in the First, Tenth 
and Sugar House Wards: Thomas Iliggs, 
of Manti, Sanpete Co., Edwin W. Davis, of 
the Seventeenth Ward, Edwin Frost, of the 
Eighth Ward,Richard W. McAllister, Charles 
H. Wilcken, John Siddoway and Martin 
Garn. 

—23rd Quorum, located in the Fourth,Fifth, 
Seventh and Farmers Wards: Charles Lam- 
bert, George C. Lambert, John W. Sharp, 
of Union Ward, John M. Cowley, David M. 
Evans and John Worthen. 

— ^4th Quorum, located in the Sixteenth 
Ward: Geo. Reynolds, of the Twentieth 
Ward, Andrew Smith, of the Eight Ward 
Peter Reid, J. W. Summerhays, Peter Gil- 
lespie, James Lawson and William White, 
of the Seventeenth Ward. 

— 30th Quorum, located in the Nineteenth 
Ward: Edward Stevenson, of the Fourteenth 
Ward, John W. Cooley, of Grantsville, 
Tooele Co., Wm. l>. Perkins, Joseph Wat- 
son, Archibald N. Hill, Andrew Kimball 
and Henry Grow. 

— 33rd Quorum, located in the West Jor- 
dan Ward: Enoch B. Tripp, of the Six- 
teenth Ward, Samuel Bateman, John A.Eg- 
bert, Hyrum Guff, James F. Turner, Samuel 
W. Egbert and Levi Naylor. 

— 57th Quorum, located in the Eleventh 
Ward: Walter E. Wilcox, of the Sixteenth 
Ward, Fred. A. Mitchell, Wm. J. Newman, 
of the Sixteenth Ward, Charles Livingston, 
Charles H. Crow, John Sears and Charles 
F. Wilcox, of the Fourteenth Ward. 

— Cist Quorum, located in the Mill Creek 
and East Mill Creek Wards : W. Casto, 
of Big Cottonwood, Edward F. M. Guest, 
Julian Moses, Charles Stillman, Oliver P. 
Lemon, Wm. W. Casper and Levi P. Helm. 

— 72nd Quorum, located in the Big Cotton- 
wood and South Cottonwood Wards: Rich- 
ard Maxfielcl, Henry W. Brown, Richard 
Howe, Swen M. Lbvendahl, B. B. Bitner, 
John A. Quist and Francis McDonald. 

— 73th Qvorum, located in the Draper 
Ward: Lauritz Smith, John Fitzgerald, 
Peter N. Garff, Peter A. Nielsen, Joseph 
M. Smith and Heber A. Smith. 

— 93rd Quorum, located in the Union, 
Sandy and Granite Wards: Thomas Hewlett, 
Thomas H. Smart, Wm. R. Scott, Gustaf L. 
Rosengreen, Wm. W. Wilson, Mark Bleaz- 
ard and John G. Sharp. 

— 94th Quorum, located in the Herriman, 
Riverton and Bluff Dale Wards: W. H. 



270 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Freeman, George Miller, Timothy Gilbert, 
Alexander B. Kidd, Charles M. Nokes and 
John >1. Bowen. 

— 05th Quorum, located in the South Jor- 
dan Ward: Edward 1). Holt, James Oliver, 
Henry B. Beckstead, Albert Holt, Isaac J. 
Wardle, Andrew Amundsen and Alexander 
Bills. 

Elders' Quorums — Presidency of the 1st 
Quorum, located in the Fourteenth and 
Seventeenth Wards: Edward W. Davis, 
President, George M. Cannon and John N. 
Matheson, Counselors. 

— 2nd Quorum, loeated in the First and 
Tenth Wards: James E. Maun, President, 
Niels Rasmussen and John Walsh, Coun- 
selors. 

— 3rd Quorum, located in the Second, Third, 
Eighth and Ninth Wards: Thomas Girrard, 

lent, Paul 01»en and Jacob Piercy, 
Counselors. 

— 4th Quorum, located in the Fourth, Filth, 
Sixth, Seventh and Farmers Wards: Robert 
R. hvine, sen., President, Thomas Winter 
and John Boss Wilson, Counselors. 

— 5th Quorum, located in the Fifteenth, 
Pleasant Green and Brighton Wards: James 
W. Ure, President, Andrew S. Gi ay and 
William Gedge, Counselors. 

— Gth Quorum, located in the Sixteenth 
Ward: Zadoc B. Mitchell, President, Edwin 
F. Parry and Charles Seal, Counselors. 

— 7th Quorum, located in the Nineteenth 
Ward: Joseph B. Matthews, President,. John 
Irvine and Samuel Holmes, Counselors. 

— 8th Quorum, located in the Thirteenth 
and Eighteenth Wards: Benry A. Woolley, 

pnl , George Saville and George Naylor, 
Counselors. 

— 9th Quorum, located in the Eleventh and 
Twelfth Wards: John Coulam, President, 
Edward J. Liddle and Millen D. Atwood, 
Counselors. 

— Pith Quorum, loeated in the Twentieth 
Ward: Levi W. Bichards, President, George 
White and Beber J. Bomney, Counselors, 

— nth Quorum, located in the Twenty- 
First Ward: William P. Affleck, President, 
John Theming and Richard S. James, Coun- 
Belore. 

— 12th Quorum, located in the West Jor- 
dan, North Jordan and part of Granger 
Wards: Robert Walters, President, William 
L. Bateraan and Joseph Glover, Counselors, 

— 13th Quorum, located in the Mill Creek 
and Bast Mill Creek Wards: John H. Osgu- 
thorpe, Acting President. 

— 11th Quorum, located in the Big Cotton- 
wood and South Cottonwood Wards: 
Charles A. Harper, President, Jonas John- 
son and Daniel P. Jones, Counselors. 



— 15th Quorum, located in the Draper, 
Sandy, Granite and Union Wards: David O. 
Bidout, President, Willard Bergen and 
William Thompson, Counselors. 

— Kith Quorum, located in the Herriman, 
Biverton, South Jordan and Bluff Dale 
Wards: Samuel L. Howard, President, 
James Tempest and John Wheden, Coun- 
selors, 

— 17th Quorum, located in the Sugar 
House and Mountain Dell Wards: Horace 
El dredge, President; Paul A. Elkins and 
William Hards, Counselors. 

Miscellaneous: — Ebenezer Beezley, con- 
ductor of the Tabernacle Choir, Thomas C. 
Griggs, his assistant; Joseph Daynes, or- 
ganist. 

— Anders W. Winberg, President of the 
Scandinavian meetings in Salt Lake City; 
Soren P. Neve and Anders Frantzen, Coun- 
selors. 

—Arnold H. Schulthess, President of the 
German meetings of Salt Lake City, and 
Henry Reiser and Christian Willey his 
Counselors. 

—Joseph H. Dean, President ofthe Hawai- 
ian meetings, and Richard G. Lambert 
his assistant. 

—John C. Cutler, Stake Superintendent of 
Sabbath Schools, and David R. Lyon and 
Richard S. Home, Counselors. 

—Jos. II. Felt, Stake President of Che Y. 
M. M. I. A.; George C. Lambert and Royal 
P.. Young, Counselors. 

— Mary Isabella Home, Stake President of 
the Relief Societies, Elintna S. Taylor 
and Helen M. Whitney, Counselors. 

— M A. Freeze, Stake President of Young 
Ladles' Mutual Improvement Associations; 
Maria Dougall and Nellie Colebrook, Coun- 

— Ellen C. Clawson, Stake President of 

Primary Associations; Camilla C. Cobb and 
I.ydia Ann Wells, Counselors; Bessie Dean, 
secretary. 

HISTORY OF THE STAKE PRESIDENCY. AND 
HIGH COUNCIL— The Pioneer.-, under the 

direction of President B. Young, arrived 
in (I real Salt Lake Valley in July, 1847, Be- 
fore returning to Winter Quarters, the 
Twelve Apostles made preparations lor the 
organization of a Stake of /.ion in the valley, 
by appointing John Smith President, with 
Charles C. Rich and John Young as Coun- 
selors. This organization was to tale effect 
on the arrival of the emigrant companies in 
the fall. 

On the 3rd of October, 1847, the Saints 
nut in conference in the G. S. L. City fort, 
when the above named brethren were sus- 
tained as a Presidency of the Saints in the 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



277 



valley, and the tallowing Elders were at the 
same time sustained as members of the High 
Council: Henry G. Sherwood, Thomas Gro- 
ver, Levi Jackman, John Murdock, Daniel 
Spencer, Lewis Abbott, Ira Eldredge, Edson 
Whipple, Shadrach Roundy, John Vance, 
Willard Snow and Abraham O. Smoot. Al- 
bert CamngtoD was sustained as clerk of 
the High Council. 

At the General Conference held in G. 
S. L. City, Oct. S, 1848, Charles C. Rich 
was sustained as the President of the Church 
in G- S. L. Valley, in place of John Smith, 
who was appointed presiding Patriarch to 
the Church. JohnVoung and Erastus Snow 
were sustained as Counselors to President 
Eich. The members of the High Council 
were sustained as at the preceding confer- 
ence, with the exception of Thomas Grover, 
whose name was omitted. Newel K. Whit- 
ney was sustained as Presiding Bishop. 

In a council of the Twelve Apostles held 
in the house of George B. Wallace, G. S. 
L. City, Feb. 13, 1S49, a more permanent 
Stake organization was effected with Daniel 
Spencer as President and David Fullmer 
and Willard Snow as his Counselors. Elders 
Charles C. Rich and,Erastus Snow had been 
ordained into the quorum of Twelve Apos- 
tles the day previous. On the 14th, it was 
decided to divide G. S. L. City into nineteen 
Wards, and on the 16th the High Council 
was also organized with Isaac Morley as 
President, and the following named mem- 
bers: Eleazer Miller, Levi Jackmnn, John 
Vance, Henry G. Sherwood, Edwin D. 
Woolley, Titus Billings, Shadrach Roundy, 
Ira Eldredge, Phinehas Richards, Win. W. 
Mayor and Elisha H. Groves- The Stake 
authorities were ordained and set apart by 
the First Presidency and Twelve Apostles. 

At the General Conference in October, 
1849, Henry G. Sherwood was appointed 
President of the High Council, instead of 
Isaac Morley, who was called to preside over 
the settlement founded in Sanpete Valley. 
Heman Hyde and John Kempton were sus- 
tained as members of the High Council in- 
stead of Phinehas Richards and Titus Bill- 
ings,who had.alsomoved away from the city. 

At the April Conference, lS50,Tbos. Grover 
was sustained as a member of the High 
Council, but as he shortly afterwards went 
to the States, John Parry was sustained as 
a High Councilor in his place, at the Gen- 
eral Conference held in G. S. L. City, Sept. 
8, 1850. 

At the General Conference held Sept. 
8, 1851, Elders Winslow Farr and William 
Snow were voted to be members of 
the High Council, instead of Lewis Abbott, 



deceased, and Elisha H. Groves, who had 
removed south. Nathaniel H. Felt was sus- 
tained as a member of the Council at the Oc- 
tober Conference, 1852, Henry G. Sherwood 
having denied the faith. 

Willard Snow having been sent on a 
mission to Europe in the fall of 1851, and 
Daniel Spencer in 1852, Counselor David 
Fullmer, at the April Conference, 1853, was 
voted to be President of the Stake. Thomas 
Rhoads and Phinehas II. Young were sub- 
sequently chosen as his Counselors. 

At the April Conference, 1853, Phinehas 
Richards was called to till the vacancy in 
the High Council caused by the death of 
John Kempton Dec IS, 1S5:2. William W. 
Mayor being sent on a mission to England, 
Seth M. Blair was added to the Council in 
his stead, at the October Conference, 1853. 

At the fall conference, 1S54, Daniel Garn 
and Ira Ames were added to the Council, in- 
stead of Nathaniel II. Felt, and Seth M. 
Blair, who were absent on missions. 

After these changes the Council stood in- 
tact until October ls59. 

At the October Conference. 1856, Elder 
Daniel Spencer, who had returned from his 
mission to Europe, was again sustained as 
President of the Stake. David Fullmer and 
Thomas Rhoads were chosen as his Coun- 
selors. 

At the General Conference held in G. 
S. L. City, Oct. 8, 1859, the High Council 
was, on inoiion, dissolved, because of its 
members being too scattered to attend to 
business. A few days later, Oct. 10, 1859, a 
new High Council was organized consisting 
of the following brethren, who were or- 
dained at Pres. Young's Office: W.Edding- 
ton, James A. Little, Claudius v. Spencer 
Samuel W. Richards, George Xebeker 
John T. Caine, Joseph W. Young, Gilbert 
Clements, Edward Partridge, Franklin B. 
Woolley, Orson Pratt, juu., and Joseph F. 
Smith. 

At the April Conference, 1860. George 
B. Wallace was sustained as second Coun- 
selor to Pres. Daniel Spencer, instead of 
Thomas Rhoads who had moved away. 

At the April Conference, 1861, John V. 
Long, John L. Blythe, Brigham Youngjun. 
and Howard O. Spencer were sustained as 
members of the High Council instead of 
Joseph F. Smith, C. V. Spencer, Edward 
Partridge and Samuel W. Richards, who 
were absent on missions. 

At the General Conference, April 7, 1862 
Claud. V. Spencer, who had returned from 
his mission to Europe, was sustained as a 
member of the High Council instead of 
James A. Little, Thos. B. Broderick instead 



278 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



of Franklin B. Woollcy, and James H. Hart 
instead of Orson Pratt, jun. Elders Spencer, 
Hart and Broderick were blessed and set a- 
part for their positions, April 10, 18C2. 

At the semi-annual conference October 7, 
1862, John Squires and Wm. H. Folsom were 
sustained as members of the High Council 



in the places of Gilbert Clements, who had 
left the country, and Brigham Young, jun., 
who was absent on a mission to England. 

Elders Emanuel M. Murphy and Thomas 

E. Jeremy were sustained as members of 

the High Council, at the semi-annual con- 

| ference, Oct. 8, 18G4, instead of Thomas B. 



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Broderick, deceased, and James EL Hart, 
who bad removed to Bear Lake Valley. 

At the April Conference, 1865, George W. 
Thatcher was sustained as a member of the 
High Council, instead of Geo. Nebeker, who 
was called on a nvssion to the Sandwich 
Islands. 



At the April Conference, in 1S66, David 
Fullmer, at his own request, was released 
from the position of lirst Counselor, be- 
cause of.failing health, and Geo. B- Wallace 
was then sustained as first and Joseph W. 
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SALT LAKE COUNTY. DIAGRAM OF THE HIGH COUNCIL. 



279 



iiiici32BiiIS!Hiii!|ivBsSsisssEs!i!!ss!i 



Henry G. Sherwood..., 

Thomas Grover 

Levi Jackman 

John Murdock 

Daniel Spencer 

Lewis Abbott 

Ira Eldredge 

Edson Whipple 

Shadraeh Roundy 

John Vance 

Willard Snow 

A. O. Snioot 

Isaac Morley 

Eliazer Miller. , 

Titus Billings , 

Phinehas Richards 

Edwin J>. Woolley 

Wm. W. Mayor 

Elisha H. Groves.. , 

Heman Hyde , 

John Kempton , 

John Parry , 

Winslow Farr , 

William Snow , 

Nathaniel H. Felt , 

Seth M Blair 

Daniel Gam 

Ira Ames 

Wm. Eddlngton 

James A. Little 

Claudius V Spencer . 
Samuel W. Richards.. 

tieo. Nebeker 

John T. Caine 

Joseph W. Young 

Gilbert Clements 

Edward Partridge 

Franklin B. Woolley. 

Orson Pratt, Jr 

Joseph F. Smith 

John V. Long 

John L. Blythe 

Brigham Young, Jr.... 
Howard O. Spencer.... 
Thos. F. Broderick.... 

James H. Hart 

John Squires.... 

Win. H. Folsom 

Emanuel E. Murphy. 
Thomas K. Jeremy.... 

Geo. W. Thatcher 

Peter Nebeker 

Charles S. Kimball.... 

John W. Young 

Joseph L Barfoot 

John H. Rumel 

Miner G. Atwood 

Hampton S. Beatie.... 

Wm. Thorn 

Dimick B. Huntingto 

Theodore McKean. 

Hosea Stout 

Thomas Williams 

Robert F. Neslen 

Milando Pratt 

David McKenzie 

C. R. Savage 

John R. Winder. 

Alexander C. Pyper. . 

John Sharp, Jr 

Geo. J. Taylor 

Geo B. Spencer 

Henry Dinwoodey 

Millen Atwood 

Angus M. Cannon 

Henry P. Richards.... 

Joseph Home 

Ernest. Young 

A. W. Winbeig 

Jesse W. Fox 

Elias Morris 

Jas. P. Freeze 

Joseph Woodmansee... 

Elias A. Smith 

Jesse W. Fox,Jr 

Alonzo H. Raleigh ... 
Joseph D. C. Young. .. 

John Nicholson 

John Clark 

David L. Davis 

James Moyie 

Orson A. Woolley 

W. W. Riter 



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280 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



turned from his mission) and Peter Nebeker 
were sustained as members of the Bigh 
Council, in the places of Joseph W. Young 
(chosen as Counselor) and John V. Long. 

At the General Conference, Oct. 8, 1867, 
Joseph F. smith was called to be one of the 

Twelve Ap0Stle8, and Charles S. Kimball 
was chosen a High Councilor in his stead. 

Ai the October Conference, 1868, John T. 
Caine was chosen as second Counselor in 
the Stake Presidency, instead of Joseph W, 
Young,who was called to the Southern Utah 
Mission. JohnW.Yonng was then sustained 
as a member of the High Council instead of 
John T. Caine. 

President Daniel Spencer died in Salt Lake 
City, Dec 8, 1868, and at the April Confer- 
ence, LSI.!). John W. Young was sustained as 
President of the stake, with Geo. B.Wallace 
and John T. Caine as Counselors. At the 
same time Joseph L. Barfool and John II. 
Rumel were chosen as members of the High 
Council, instead of Peter Nebeker and John 
W. Young. The following named alternates 
were also chosen: Samuel W. Richards, Mi- 
ner G. At wood, Hampton S. Beatie, William 
Thorn, Dimiek B. Huntington, Nathaniel II. 
Felt and Theodore McKean. 

At the General Conference held in May, 
1870, Councilors Geo. W. Thatchor(removed 
to Cache Valley) and Charles S. Kimball 
(dropped for neglect of duty, etc.) were not 
sustained; Alternates Miner G. Atwood and 
Hampton S. Beatie filled the vacancies 
caused thereby in the Council. Hosea 
Stout was added 1o the list of alternates. 

At the October Conference, 1870, Coun- 
cilors C. V. Spencer and II. S. Beatie and 
Alternate N. II. Felt were not re-elected. 
This change admitted Alternates S. W. 
Richards and Wm. Thorn into the Council. 
At the April Conference, 1<s7:>, the names 
of Councilors S. W. Richards and Emanuel 
M. Murphy were omitted, and Alternates 
Dimiek B. Huntington and Theodore Mc- 
Kean were added to the Council. At a 
meeting held at President Young's Office, 
May 9, 1873, the following named brethren 
were ordained and set apart as alternates. 
Robert P. Neslen, Milando Pratt, David Rfc- 
Kenzie, Charles K. Savage, John R. Winder, 
Alex. c. Pyper, John Sharp, Jun., Geo. J. 
Taylor, Ceo. B. Spencer, IIenr\ llinwoodey, 
Milieu Atwood, Angus M. Cannon, Henry 
P. Richards, Joseph Home, Ernest Young 
and Andrew W. Winberg. Shortly after- 
wards Alternates Hosea Stout and Thomas 
Williams were taken into the Council, to 
fill the. vacancies caused by the absence of 
John L.B'lythe(called on a mission to Ariz- 



ona) and John Squires (gone on a mission to 
Europe'* . 

At the General Conference, May 9, 1874, 
Geo. P>. Wallace was sustained as President 
of the Stake, instead of John W. Young, who 
had moved south. Win. H. Folsom and 
John T. Caine were sustained as Councilors 
Lo Ere-. Wallace. High Councilor Thomas 
Williams died on July 17, 1874, and afew 
weeks later the High Council was partly re- 
organized. Alternates Milando Pratt, John 
11. Winder, (ieo. J. Taylor, II. Dinwoodey 
and Milieu Atwood being admitted into the 
Co unci I, inst cad of Thos. Williams (deceased), 
Howard O. Spencer (moved south), Jos. L. 
Barfool (excused because of sickness), Win. 
Thorn (appointed Bishop of the Seventh 
Ward),andW. H. Folsom (chosen as Coun- 
selor in the Stake Presidency). About the 
same time the following named brethren 
were released from acting as alternates: 
Robert F. Neslen, David McKenzie (absent 
on a mission to Scotland), C. R. Savage, Alex- 
ander C. Pyper, John Sharp, jua., Geo. B. 
Spencer, Henry P. Richards and Ernest 
Young (absent on a mission to England). 

At the General Conference, April !), 187G, 
.Elder Angus M. Cannon was sustained as 
President of the Stake with David 0. Calder 
and J. E. Taylor as Counselors. Elder Can- 
non was set apart to his ro ''ion, \n>ill3, 
IS7G. In April, 1878, Elders John T. Caine, 
Jesse W. Eox, Elias Morris, Jas. P. Ere /, > 
andJoseph Woodmansee were added to the 
list of alternates. Elder Freeze was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart to his 
position by Pres. John Taylor May 14. 1878, 
and Jesse W. Fox Sept. is, 1878. Councilor 
Geo. Nebeker was released from serving in 
the Council. Councilor Dimiek 15. Hunting- 
ton died Feb. 1, 1879, and Alternate Joseph 
Home was taken into the Council, to fill the 
vacancy. 

In January, 1880, Alternate A. W. Win- 
berg was taken into the Council to fill a va- 
cancy caused by Milando Pratt's removal to 
Ogden. Subsequently Elder Pratt returned 
and took a position as an alternate. 

In the latter part of 1881 Alternate John 
T. Caine was admitted into the Council, in- 
stead of Milieu Atwood who was ordained 
Bishop of Hie Thirteenth Ward. 

Counselor David O. Calder died at Lake 
Point, Tooele Co., Utah, July 8, 1884, and 
al the Stake conference, held Aug. 2, 1884, 
Charles W. Penrose was sustained as second 

Counselor to Pres. Cannon, Counselor Jo- 
seph E. Taylor taking the position as first 
Counselor. 
in 1885, Elias A. % Smith, Jesse W. Fox, 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



281 



jun., and Alonzo H. Raleigh were added to 
the list of alternates; Joseph D. C. Young 
was chosen an alternate in 18S6. 

At the special Stake conference, held in 
Salt Lake City, May 7th and 8th, 1887, Alter- 
nates Milando Pratt, Henry P. Richards, 
Jesse W. Fox, Elias Morris and James P. 
Freeze were sustained as members of the 
High Council, instead of Thomas E. Jeremy 
(to be ordained a Patriarch), John II. 
Rumel (dropped), Miner G. Atwood and 
Hosea Stout (excused because of failing 
health) and John R. Winder (appointed sec- 
ond Counselor to the Presiding Bishop of 
the Church). The following named brethren 
were sustained as additional alternates: 
John Nicholson, John Clark, David L. Davis, 
James Moyle, Orson A. Woolley and Wm. 
W. Riter. 

For a number of years, previous to the 
general reorganization of the various Stakes 
of Zion, in 1877, the Salt Lake Stake embraced 
Salt Lake, Tooele, Davis, Morgan, Summit 
and Wasatch Counties. 

Organisation of Wards — At a council of 
the First Presidency, the Apostles and other 
leading men in the Church, held in G. 8. L. 
City, Feb. 14, 1847, the City was divided 
into 19 wards. At a similar council held 
Feb. 16, 1849, the following division of the 
Great Salt Lake Valley was decided upon: 
The country south of the City and east of th*e 
river Jordan was divided into four wards, 
viz., Canyon Creek Ward (afterwards Sugar 
HouseWard) embracing the Five Acre Sur- 
vey and all east of it, Mill Creek Ward, em- 
bracing the Ten Acre Survey and all east ol 
it, a third "Ward (Holladay's Settlement ali- 
as Big Cottonwood) embracing the country 
between the Ten Acre Survey and(Big)Cot- 
tonwood Creek, and a fourth Ward embrac- 
ing all the country south of the (Big) Cot- 
tonwood Creek. "West of the river .Ionian 
it was decided to organize another Ward to 
be known as the Canaan Ward. 

Feb. 22, 1S-19, Preidents Brigbam Young 
and lieber C. Kimball, several of the Twelve 
Apo>tles and others met in council in G. S. 
L. City, when the following named breth- 
ren were ordained and set apart as Bishops 
of the City Wards: David Fairbanks (1st 
Ward), John Lowry (2nd), Christopher Wil- 
liams (3rd), W m. Hickeulooper (Wh), Wm. 
G. Perkins (7th), Addison Kverett(8lh),Seth 
Tait (9th), David Pettegrew (10th), Benjamin 
Covey (12lh), Edward Hunter (loth), .John 
Murdock, (14th), A. o. Smoot (15th), Isaac 
Higbee (loth), Jos. L. Heywood (17th), and 
James Hendrix (19th). April 8, 1849, a 
Bishopric was set apart for the Fourth 
Y\ aid, Salt Lake City. 



Three of the country Wards (Mill Creek, 
Big Cottonwood and South Cottonwood) 
were organized, at least in part, in 1S49, but 
the CauyonCreek orSugar House Ward was 
not fully organized until years afterwards, 
and the proposed Canaan Ward was not 
organized at all. 

A new Ward was added towards the close 
of 1849, namely that of Little Cottonwood, 
afterwards known as Union. The Eight- 
eenth Ward, Salt Lake City, was organized 
in April, 1851, the Eleventh Ward July 13, 
1831, West Jordan Ward in January, 1852, 
Draperville Ward in the spring of 1852, the 
Fifth Ward April 11, 1853, the Sugar 
House Ward in April, 1S54, the Twentieth 
Ward in October, 185G, the Herriman Ward 
in 1858, and the Brighton Ward in February, 
1S0'7. At the time of i he general reorgani- 
zation in 1877, seven new Wards were organi- 
zed by dividing up some of the 1 arger Wards, 
namely, South Jordan and North Jordan 
Wards, both organized . June 17, 1877; 
Granite Ward, organized July 1, 1877; the 
Twenty-First Ward, Salt Lake City, organ- 
ized July5, 1877, and the East Mill Creek 
and Farmers Wards, both organized July 
15, 1877. Besides these, the Fifth Ward, 
Salt Lake City, and Union, Herriman and 
Brighton Wards, which had existed for seve- 
ral years previous as mere branches or parts 
of other Wards, were reorganized. Since 
the general reorganization, six other new 
Wards have been organized, namely, Moun- 
tain Dell Ward (org. Aug. 8, 1882), Sandy 
(org. Sept. 3,1832), Pleasant Green (org. 
pet. 1,1882), Granger (org. Feb. 2, 1884, 
Kluff Dale (org. Aug. 8, lSSO) and River- 
ton (o.-g. Aug. 8, 186 

All NOR DIVISIONS. 

The following descriptive and his- 
torical articles, alphabetically ar- 
anged, embrace all minor divisions 
and points of interest within the liiu- 
its of Salt Lake County : 

ALTA, one of the famous mining 
towns in Utah, is situated at the foot 
of the celebrated Emma Hill, near the 
summit of the Wasatch Mountains, 
on the head waters of the Little Cot- 
tonwood Creek, 16 miles east of San- 
dy and 28 miles south-east of Salt 
Lake City. It is the business centre 
of the Little Cottonwood Precinct 
and Mining District. and the terminus 
of the Alta Branch of the Denver and 
Rio Grande Railway. The shipments 
comprise silver and lead ore. The 
population is about 100. 



282 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



History— Alta dates back to 1868, when 
the Little Cottonwood Mining District was 
first organized. At one time it was a popu- 
lous and influential city, but a disastrous 
fire almost swept it away Aug. 1, 1878, and 
it has not since been extensively rebuilt. 
A large number of people have lost their 
lives by snow-slides in Alta and surround- 
ing hills at various times. 

BINGHAM CREEK, one of the 
principal mountain streams which 
enters Salt Lake Valley from the 
west, rises near the summit of the 
Oquirrh Mountains and flows in a 
north-easterly direction through 
Bingham Canyon, where it is utilized 
for mill and cleansing purposes, and 
in the valley below for the irrigation 
of farming lands. From the head 
of Car Fork, its principal tributary, 
to its original* outlet into the river 
Jordan is a distance of nearty fif- 
teen miles. Formerly its water was 
pure and good, but since the opening 
of the mines in Bingham Canyon, 
where the stream is monopolized for 
cleansing and other mining purposes, 
it has become filthy and poisonous. 

BINGHAM JUNCTION is a rail- 
way station on the D. & R. G. Ry. 
within the limits of the West Jordan 
Ward, 1 1 miles south of Salt Lake 
City. Here the Bingham Branch of 
the D. & R. G. Ry. system diverges 
to the west and the Alta Branch to 
the east. 

BINGHAM PRECINCT com- 
prises about thirty square miles of 
mountain country bounded on the 
north by West Jordan Precinct, on 
the east and south-east by Herriman 
Precinct and south-west by the sum- 
mit of the Oquirrh Mountains, which 
separates it from Tooele County. 
Pop. in 1880, 1,022. In the centre 
of t'ris precinct is the mining town 
of Bingham situated in Bingham 
Canyon, on the Bingham Branch of 
the D. & R. G. Ry. It is 2G$ miles 
south-west of Salt Lake City, and 
contains a bank, a brewery, a brick- 
yard, Baptist and Josephite churches, 
a distillery, a quartz mills, a saw mill, 
good public and private schools and 
numerous handsome and well stocked 
general and special stores ; also a 



number of saloons, gambling houses 
etc. It is the central point of the 
West Mining District. The town is 
surrounded by numerous mines, the 
majority of which are turning out 
large quantities of paying ore. Bing- 
ham is the terminus of the Bingham 
Branch of the D.& R. G. Ry. 

History— Bingham dates back to 1863, 
when precious metals were first discovered 
in Bingham Canyon by the California Volun- 
teers under General Connor. The first 
mining claim was recorded Sept. 17, 1863, 
since which the number of claims has in- 
creased to about four thousand. In past 
years it enjoyed the reputation of being 
one of the most solid and reliable mining 
camps in the country. 

BIG COTTONWOOD CREEK, 

one of the largest streams enter- 
ing Salt Lake Valley from the east, 
rises in a number of romantic lakes 
near the summit of the Wasatch 
Mountains. The creek flows through 
the celebrated Big Cottonwood Can- 
yon in a westerly direction until it 
emerges into Salt Lake Valley about 
ejghteen milesfrom its highest source. 
Thence its course is i orth-westerly 
through Butler, Big Cottonwood and 
South Cottonwood Precincts until it 
empties into the river Jordan about 
five miles south of Salt Lake City. 
In the summer its waters are all used 
for irrigation purposes. From its 
source to its original outlet into the 
river Jordan is a distance of about 
twenty-six miles. There are four 
water-power saw- mills on the creek 
aud one steam saw-mill. 

The best known of all the Big Cot- 
tonwood lakes is the so called Sil- 
ver Lake (also known as Bright- 
on's Lake), a small sheet ofwater 
occupying a few acres of a fine flat 
which is formed by the mountains on 
both sides of the canyon receding 
back from the main creek. This flat 
which affords fine pasturage in the 
summer measures from one hundred 
yards to a quarter of a mile in width 
and about half a mile in length ; and 
there, on what is known as Brighton's 
place, is built a hotel and a number 
of small summer residences. 

About one mile above Silver Lake 



\ 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



283 



is Lake Mary, which is supposed to 
be the finest small sheet of water in 
the mountains of Utah. It is sur- 
rounded by lofty cliffs, which cast 
their shadows in the clear waters be- 
low, giving the whole a very romantic 
and phantom-like appearance. Im- 
mediately below is a smaller lake 
commonly known as Lake Phoebe, 
and a few hundred yards above is 
Lake Catharine, another beautiful 
sheet of water surrounded by cliffs, 
meadows and groves of timber. 
Still half a mile further to the south 
Lake Martha nestles amidst the 
naked hills, near the summit of the 
mountains. This is the head waters 
of one of the principal affluents of 
the Big Cottonwood Creek. 

Besides this string of fine moun- 
tain lakes, which all abound in fish of 
various kinds, there are two other 
small lakes on the road between Alta 
and Brighton's, about one mile above 
Silver Lake, known as the Twin 
Lakes ; they are about two hundred 
yards apart, both surrounded by 
groves of timber and meadows, and 
are the source of another tributary of 
the Big Cottonwood Creek. 

History— Big Cottonwood Canyon is fa- 
mous in Church History as the place where 
the people of G. S. L. City celebrated Pio- 
neer day in 185G and 1857. On July 24th, of 
the latter year, when the festivities were 
going on in commemoration of the Pioneers 
entering G. S. L. Valley ten years previous, 
Mr. Judson Stoddard arrived from Indepen- 
dence, Mo., and reported that General Har- 
ney was on the march to Utah with an army 
for the purpose of annihilating the "Mor- 
mons." The pine tree on which the American 
flag on that occasion was unfurled in the 
breeze is still standing immediately back 
of Mr. Brighton's, house. In 1870 W. S 
Brighton made some improvements near 
Silver Lake and claimed the adjacent flat. 
In 187.1 he built a log cabin and opened a 
boarding house, since which a number of 
other buildings have been erected, and the 
place, being cool and healthy in the summer, 
is fast becoming popular as a desirable 
place for spending a few weeks during the 
hot season. 

BIG COTTONWOOD PRECINCT 

established July 21, 1863, is bounded 
on. the north by East Mill Creek 



Precinct, east and south by Butler 
Precinct, and west by South Cotton- 
wood and Mill Creek Precincts. It 
contains about eleven square miles 
lying on both sides of the Big Cot- 
tonwood Creek. Pop. in 1880, 661. 

BIG COTTONWOOD WARD is 
coextensive with the precinct bearing 
the same name. The ward meeting 
house, situated on rising ground near 
the right bank of the Big Cottonwood 
Creek, is about nine miles south-east 
of the Temple Block, Salt Lake City. 
The ward comprises a fine farming 
district. 

In May, 1887, the presiding author- 
ities of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — David B. Brinton. 
Bishop ; Santa Anno Casto and Milo 
Andrus, jun., Counselors; B. B. 
Bitner, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorums — Joseph Lar- 
sen William. H. Stout, John Brock- 
bank and Hyrum Sutherland pre- 
sided over the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th 
quorum of Deacons. 

Sunday School — O. H. Worthing- 
ton, supt. ; L. A. Howard and John 
Sutherland, assistants ; Jos. Boyes, 
secretary. 

Relief Society — Emily Stevenson, 
Pres. ; Elizabeth Boyes and Mary An- 
dersen, Counselors ; Hannah Steven- 
son, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— James A.Taylor, 
Pres. ; Joseph Boyes and Jac. Chris- 
tensen, Counselors; Hyrum Suther- 
land, secretary 

Y. L. M. I. A. —Sarah Crump. 
Pres. ; Anna Bitner and Mary Chris- 
tensen. Counselors ; Louisa Brock- 
bank, secrstary. 

Primary Association — Ellen Suth- 
erland, Pres. ; Mary Quist and Mary 
Ann Brockbank, Counselors ; Louella 
Bitner, secretary. 

History— Bis; Cottonwood, originally 
known as Holladay's Settlement, was settled 
in the spring of 1818 by John Holladay, 
Porter Doudle, William and Benjamin 
Matthews, Washington Gibson , Allen Smith- 
son and others who had arrived in the valley 
with thePioneers in July, 1847, in what is 
known in Church History as the Mississippi 
Company, because most of the Saints who 
arrived in it hailed from Monroe Couuty, 



284 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Mississippi. Some of them, however, were 
from Illinois. After spending the winter of 
1847-48 in the G. S. L. City fort, these fam- 
ilies started out in the spring of 1848 to find 
a suitable place for locating farms, and fi- 
nally made a camp on Spring Creek, about 
half a mile south-east of the present Big Cot- 
tonwood ward house, or three miles below 
the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon. They 
settled close together and built a number of 
log cabins. The little village, which was the 
first founded in Utah outside of Salt Lake 
City, was called Holladay's Burgh, in honor 
of John Holladay, one of the first settlers, 
who also was the first acting Bishop of the 
plaee. Pie presided from 1849 to 1851,' and 
then accompanied Elders Amasa M. Lyman 
and Charles C. Rich to San Bernardino, 
Cal. Ezekiel Lee (popularly known as Doc- 
tor Lee) was appointed to act as Bishop in 
s stead. Bishop Lee presided five years 
and a half. His Counselors were Lyman 
Stevens and EphraimBadger. When E. Bad- 
ger subsequently removed from the Ward, 
Geo. Boyes was chosen as second Counselor 
in his stead. In October, 185.*], the popula- 
tion of Holladay's Settlement, which was 
then known as Big Cottonwood, had in- 
creased to iGl souls. 

Nov. 15,1856, David Brinton was ordained 
Bishop of the Ward by Edward Hunter. 
Four days later (Nov. 19th) a meeting of the 
officers and members of the Big Cottonwood 
Ward was held in Bishop Brinton's house, 
when Milo Andrus was chosen as first and 
Albert Miles as second Counselor to Bishop 
Brinton. 

Dec. 21, 1850, at a meeting held at the Big 
Cottonwood school house, Wmslow Farr, 
sen., Win. T. Smith, Win. W. Hutchings, 
Win. Wat kins, Robert 1). Covington and 
James S. Cantwell were appointed ward 
Teachers. They were set apart the following 
day. 

In 1857 Bishop Brinton was called on a 
mission to the United States, and during his 
absence Counselor Milo Andrus had charge 
of the Ward as acting Bishop. 

March 23, 1858, a special meeting was 
held in the ward house for the purpose of 
making arrangement for moving south on ac- 
count of the sippr • ich of Johnston's Army. 
Pros. Brigham Young had counseled the 
Saints of Big Cottonwood to remove to 
Beaver Valley, and consequently W. s. 
Covert was chosen as captain of the com- 
pany selected to go there. But when the 
general move took place in April, 1858, the 
majority of the Big Cottonwood .Saints. settled 
einporarilv on the bottoms north of the 
f 



Provo River, where they remained until they 
returned in July following. 

At a meeting held near the Provo River 
April 25,1858, the Big Cottonwood Saints 
were reorganized by the appointiment of W. 
S. Covert as first and Wm. Watkins as second 
Counselor to Elder Milo Andrus. Wm. W. 
Hutchings, W. T. Smith, James S. Cantwell 
and Henry Hughes were appointed to act as 
Teachers and Henry Hughes as leader for 
the choir. 

Bishop Brinton having returned from his 
mission, a meeting was held in Big Cotton- 
wood Feb. G, 1859, for the purpose of re- 
organizing the lessei Priesthood of the Ward. 
On that occasion Milo Andrus tendered his 
resignation as first Counselor to Bishop 
Brinton, which was accepted, and on March 
G, 1859, Albert Miles also resigned as sec- 
ond Counselor. 

March 13, 1859, Charles A. Harper was 
appointed first Counselor, and on March 
20, 1859, George Boyes was chosen as 
second Counselor to Bishop Brinton. 

Oct. I, 1S0G, Bishop Brinton appointed 
Levi Stewart as Ins first Counselor, instead 
of Charles A. Harper, who had resigned 
his position. 

In 18G9 a serious difficulty arose between 
Bishop Brinton and James Spillet, but the 
case was finally settled by the assistance of 
Apostles Geo. Q Cannon and Brigham 
Young, jun. A distillery for making whiskey 
was subsequently started in the Ward by 
Wm. Howard, which caused considerable 
drunkenness . 

In 1870 a petition was gotten up and for- 
warded to President Brigham Young from 
a number of the residents of the South Dis- 
trict to have the Bishop removed, and con- 
sequently Apostles John Taylor, W. Wood- 
ruff and Geo. Q. Cannon held a meeting 
with the Saints, March G, 1S70, when, after 
considerable discussion and preaching, the 
people voted to sustain then Bishop. 

About this time Levi Stewart removed 
from the Ward, when Geo. Boyes became 
first Counselor and Alexander De Witt was 
chosen as temporary Counselor to Bishop 
Brinton. The Bishop was called on a mission 
to England in 1870, and during his absence 
Counselor Boyes had temporary charge of 
tin' Ward, lie called Alex. De Witt and 
Charles Stilhnan to his aid as temporary 
Counselors. 

Bishop Brinton returned from his mission 
pi the summer of 1872 . Counselor Boyes 
dieil and 15. B. Bitner was chosen first Coun- 
selorin his stead. When David Brinton was 
discontinued as Bishop in 1873, Elder B B. 
Bitner was placed in charge of the Ward" 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



285 



He presided about one year until Wil- 
liam \G. Young, formerly of South Cotton- 
wood, was appointed Bishop. He chose as 
Counselors John Neff and Niels Petersen. 
This Bishopric continued until the time of 
the general organization. 

The Big Cottonwood Ward was reorgan- 
ized July 15, 1877, with David B. Brinton 
asBishop, and Santa Anna Casto and Milo 
Andrus,jun., as his Counselors. They were 
all ordained and set apart by Pres. Daniel 
H. vVells. 

As successors to James Brooks(who moved 
away) Elders Charles A. Harper, X.Petersen, 
John Rider, Wm. Lark and B. B.Bitner have 
acted as ward clerks and recorders. 

A number of brethren were employed at 
the numerous saw-mills located at various 
points in Big Cottonwood Canyon at an 
early day, and as a general desire was man- 
ifested to have Sabbath meetings held there, 
a branch organization was effected in the 
canyon, May 17, 1857, at a meeting held in 
the house of J.T. Phippen. George Gardner 
was appointed President, and Joseph T. 
Phippen, James Wade, Lorenzo Johnson 
and James Adams, Teachers. Bro. Gardner 
subsequently moved away and Freeman T 
Phippen was appointed to preside over the 
Saints in Big Cottonwood Canyon in his 
stead, Feb. 14, 1S5S. This branch, which 
was daring its existence under the jurisdic- 
tion of the Big Cottonwood Bishopric, was 
discontinued some time afterwards. 

The first building erected for public wor- 
ship in Big Cottonwood was also used for 
school purposes. It was built at an early 
day and is not now in existence. At a 
meeting held June 15, 1801, it was resolved 
to build a new ward meeting house to cost 
about fifteen hundred dollars; $1,250 was 
subscribed for this purpose at the meeting. 
The house cost iff, 100 before it was finished 
That building has now been torn down and 
a new ward house, a tine brick building has 
just been erected on the same grounds. 

BLUFF DALE PRECINCT, cre- 
ated Dec. 14, 1883, is bounded on 
the north by Riverton and Draper 
Precincts, east by Draper Precinct, 
south by Utah County and west by 
Herriman Precinct. It contains about 
twenty-live square miles of a hilly 
and mountainous country, lying on 
both sides of the river Jordan. It 
embraces School District No. Gl. 

BLUFF DALE WARD is coexten- 
sive with the Bluff Dale Precinct. 
The ward house, beautifully situated 



on the top of the bluffs on the west 
side of the river Jordan, is about 
twenty-two miles south-west of the 
Temple Block, Salt Lake City. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Lewis H. Mousley, 
Bishop ; Wm. W. Merrill and Alfred 
J. Dausie, Counselors; Lewis Peter- 
sen, ward clerk. 

Beacons' Quorum — George Hatt, 
Pres. 

Sunday School — Lewis Petersen, 
supt. ; Jedediah Casper and Charles 
Jensen, Counselors ; Josephs. Mous- 
ley, secretary. 

Relief Society— Mary A. Mousley, 
Pres. ; Lucy Merrill and R. S. Mad- 
sen, Counselors; Martha Dunyon, 

secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A. — Lewis Petersen, 
Pres. ; Isaac Dunyon and Jedediah 
Casper, Counselors ; Joy Dunyon, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A. — Harriet Petersen, 
Pres. ; Martha Dunyon and Hannah 
Madsen, Counselors ; Ellen Nichols, 
secretary. 

History— The settlers in that tract of 
country now included in the Bluff Dale 
Ward originally belonged to the West Jor- 
dan and subsequently to the South Jordan 
Ward- At a meeting held Aug. 8, 1886, at 
which Prests. Angus M. Cannon and Joseph 
E. Taylor and other leading men were pres- 
ent, the south part of the Riverton branch 
of the South Jordan Ward and the west part 
of Draper Ward was organized into a sepa- 
rate ward with Lewis II. Mousley as Bishop 
and Win. Wallace Merrill as first and Alfred 
John Dansie as second Counselor. 

BRIGHTON PRECINCT, estab- 
lished May 13, 1867, is bounded on 
the north by North Point Precinct, 
spparated from Salt Lake City and 
Farmers Precinct on the east by the 
river Jordan, bounded on the south 
by Granger Precinct, and west by 
Hunter Precinct. It contains 18 
square miles and embraces school 
districts Nos. 32 and 62. Pop. in 
1880, 387. 

BRIGHTON WARD comprises 
the Brighton and North Point Pre- 
cincts. Most of the soil within the 



286 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



limits of the Ward is very salty and 
unproductive, a small portion only 
can be irrigated from the canals. 
There is, however, a few very good 
farms on the west bank of the river 
Jordan. Dry farming bas been tiied 
to quite an extent, but with only 
moderate success. Nearly all the 
inhabitants are Latter-day Saints. 
There are two meeting houses in the 
Ward, one in Brighton Precinct, sit- 
uated a few hundred yards south of 
the Utah and Nevada Ry. track, and 
about four miles west of the Tem- 
ple Block, Salt Lake City. The other 
one is in North Point Precinct and is 
pleasantly situated on rising ground 
a short distance west of the Jordan 
River, about seven miles by road 
north-west of the Temple Block, Salt 
Lake City. Regular services are held 
in both houses every Sabbath day, 
and there is at North Point also a 
separate Sunday School and a Y. M. 
and Y. L. M. I. A. ; also a branch 
of the Brighton Relief Society which 
meets every second week under the 
direction of Sister Hannah Hanson. 

In May, 1887, the presiding 
officers of the Brighton Ward stood 
as follows : 

Bishopric — Fredrick W. Schoen- 
feld, Bishop ; Nathan Hanson and 
Edward Schoenfeld, Counselors ; Jo- 
seph Schoenfeld, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Geo. C. Jones 
President. 

Sunday School at Brighton — Cyrus 
H. Gold, supt. ; John R. Jones and 
Robert Hazen, sen, assistants; 
Robert Hazen, jun., secretary. 

Sunday School at North Point — W. 
A. Barron, supt. ; Joseph Hanson 
and Orson W. Rudy, assistants ; 
Emma Hansen, secretary. 

Relief Society — Mary Ann Hazen, 
Pres. ; Hannah Hanson and Ottilia 
Schoenfeld, Counselors ; Agnes M. 
Jones, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A. at Brighton— Robt. 
Hazen, jun., Pres. ; Cyrus H. Gold 
and Win. It. Gedge, Counselors; 
Joseph Schoenfeld, secretary. 

Y. L.M. I. A. at Brighton — An- 
na Cochrane, Pres. ; Belle Aclamson 



and Nettie Jones. Counselors ; Net- 
tie Jones secretary. 

Y. M. & Y. L.M. I. .A. at North 
Point — Wm. A. Barron, Pres. , 
George E. Lufkin and Joseph Han- 
son Counselors ; Emma Hanson, 
secretary. 

History— At a meeiing of the general 
authorities of the Church held in G. S. L. 
City, Feb.16, 1849, it was decided to organize 
all that part of G. S. L. Valley lying west 
of the river Jordan into a Ward to be known 
as the Canaan Ward. It appears, however, 
that no such Ward organization was ever 
effected. In the fall of 1849 a company of 
Welsh Saints, under the direction of Reese 
Williams, located what was known as the 
Welsh settlement, on a spot now embraced 
n the late Feramorz Little's farm in Gran- 
ger Ward, but the farming not proving suc- 
cesful, the settlement was subsequently bro- 
ken up. Levi Reid and Simeou Baker were 
among the first settlers west of the Jordan 
on what is now known as North Point Pre- 
cinct. They were followed by a number of 
others who took up farms near the river and 
also located stock ranches further west, clear 
up to the Tooele County line. 

At an early day the settlers west of the 
Jordan were under the jurisdiction of the 
Nineteenth and Sixteenth Ward Bishoprics, 
and the peope generally attended meetings 
in the City. The Brighton Ward was organ- 
ized in answer to the following petition from 
the settlers and those owning land west of 
the river Jordan, not comprehended in any 
previous organization : 

"Brighton, Feb, 2, 1867. 
"Pres. Brigham Young. 

"Dear Brother. We, the under- 
signed members of the Brighton Ward, 
would be much pleased if you would appoint 
or cause to be appointed an officer to pre- 
side over this Ward as a Bishop, believing 
that the moral and pecuniary interests of the 
people here would be greatly benefited by 
such a step. We have had no meetings and 
but few regulations, which are so much 
needed to keep us in training and to unite 
us in carrying out every enterprise inaugu- 
rated for our mutual good." 

This petition was signed by A. W. Cooley, 
J. Nash, P. A. Droubay, II. Sutton, W. 
Gedge, J. Wood, G. R. Jones, F. Shoenfeld, 
C. Howell, Benjamin Hiskey, J. Vincent, 
L. Walls, G. B. Wallace and J. G. Carlisle. 

Pres. Young directed Elders Geo. A. 
Smith, A. M. Musser and a number of other 
brethren to go over and organize the settlers 
into a Ward. Accordingly , a nieetingwas held 
in the house of Wm. W. Camp, Feb. 24, 1867. 
On that occasion Audrevv W. Cooley was 



SAI/T LAKE COUNTY. 



287 



elected Bishop of the new Ward by unan- 
imous vote. He was ordained March 7, 
1807. The Ward, when first organized, inclu- 
ded all the settlers and country on the west 
side of the Jordan River, north of West Jor 
dan Ward, extending north to the Great Sal 1 
Lake and west to the boundary line of Tooele 
County. Robert Hazen, sen, was shortly 
afterwards chosen to act as clerk of the Ward, 
and a quorum of Teachers set apart to visit 
the members, who all lived in a scattered 
condition. 

In the summer of 1870 Bishop Cooley re- 
moved from the Ward, and at a Teachers 
meeting held July 10, 1881, Elder Henry Sut- 
ton, sen., was put in temporary charge, and 
the branch attached to the Nineteenth Ward. 

At a meeting held in J. M. Berubisel's 
house, June 14, 1874, Bishop A. H. Raleigh 
presiding, a branch of the " United Order 
of Zion" was effected at Brighton with A. 
H. Raleigh as President; Henry Sutton and 
Robert Elazeu.Vice- Presidents ; F. W.Shoen- 
feld, secretary; Win. W. Camp, treasurer; 
Peter Bell, James Lane and John Hirst, 
directors. 

July IS, 1875, Elder Frederick W. Shoen- 
feld was appointed the presiding Teacher of 
the Ward, and at a meeting held in the 
house of J. R. Joues, Sunday Dec. 5, 1875, 
Elder Shoenfeld offered a spot on his home- 
stead (six roils square) as a donation for the 
purpose of having a meeting house erected 
thereon. His offer was accepted and prep- 
arations made for building. It took several 
years before it was completed sufficient to 
hold meetings in it, and has not yet been 
dedicated. It is used for all kinds of gather- 
ings; also the district school is taught in it. 

Sept. 2, 1875, a Female Relief Society was 
organized in the Ward with the necessary 
officers who yet hold their respective posi- 
tions. 

July 12, 1876, the work on the Brighton 
canal was completed and water turned 
in. This canal, which taps the Jordan River 
at a point due west of the "Church farm 
houses" is about ten miles long. 

A meeting was held in the bowery at Brigh- 
ton, July 29, 1877, for the purpose of effect- 
ing a thorough reorganization of the Ward. 
Daniel EL Wells, Angus M Cannon, David 
O. ("alder, Geo. Teasdale, Elias Smith and a 
good number of the local Priesthood and 
Saints were present. It was moved by Pres. 
Cannon, and sustained with unanimous vote, 
that all that country bounded on the north 
by the Great Salt Lake, on the east by the 
river Jordan, on the south by the North 
Jordan Ward and on the west by Tooele 
County, be designated as the BrightonWard, 



and that Fred. W. Shoenfeld be Bishop of 
the same, with Nathan Hanson as his first 
and John R. Jones as his second Counselor^ 
that Robert Hazen act as ward recorder and 
John Hirst as presiding Priest of the Pleas- 
ant Green District. The following named 
brethren were also sustained as Teachers of 
the Ward: Wm. Gedge, Peter Bell, Joseph 
Parry, G. M. Jones, Levi Reid, Robt. Hazen, 
Henry Sutton, sen., Alexander Adainson, 
James Bertoch, Osmond LeCheminant, Lehi 
N. Hardman and Edward Lambert. Elders 
Shoenfeld, Hanson, Jones and Hirst were 
then ordained to the High Priesthood and 
set apart to their various positions by Pres. 
D. H. Wells. 

April 13,1879, a Sunday School was organ- 
ized with James Clayton as superintendent. 
Previous to this, commencing with 1872, 
Elders Fred. W. and Edward Shoenfeld had 
organized a family Sunday School for the 
beuefit of their own children, to which they 
also invited all others in the neighborhood . 
to send their children. This private school, 
which at times was well attended, was held 
alternately in the houses of the two brothers 
Shoenfeld. 

In November,1879, a mutual improvement 
association was organized. About this time 
the population o*f the Ward consisted of 241 
souls. Oct. 2. 1880, Edward Shoenfeld was 
ordained a High Priest by Pres. A. M. Can- 
non aud set apart to act as second Counselor 
to Bishop F. W. Shoenfeld, instead of John 
R. Jones, who had removed to Iron County. 

The North Point meeting house was built 
by donations in 1834. It is an adobe building 
:]2 x 20 feet. Meetings have been held in it 
regularly since its completion in the fall of 
1884. It is aiso used for district school pur- 
poses. 

By the organization of the Pleasant Green 
Ward in 1882, and the Granger Ward iu 
1884, the Brightou Ward was reduced to its 
present dimensions. 

BUTLER PRECINCT, created 
Dec. 15, 1877, out of portions of Big 
Cottonwood, South Cottonwood and 
Granite Precincts, is bounded on the 
north by Big Cottonwood and East 
Mill Creek Precincts, east by Silver- 
ton Precinct, south by Granite Pre- 
cinct and west by Union and Big 
Cottonwoo I Precincts. It contains 
seventeen square miles of mountain 
and valley country lying on both 
sides of Big Cottonwood Creek. Pop. 
in 1880, 165. 

BUTLER VI LLE ; a post office in 



288 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Butler Precinct, is situated about 
twelve miles south-east of Salt Lake 
City. 

BDTTERFIELD CREEK, a small 
mountain stream, rises in theOquirrh 
Mountains near the south-west cor- 
ner of Salt Lake County. It flows 
north-east through Butterfield Can- 
yon until it emerges into Salt Lake 
Valley. About nine miles from its 
head-waters it reaches the little set- 
tlement of Herri man, where it is con- 
veyed out of its original channel and 
used for irrigation purposes. 

CANYON CREEK, or Parley's 
Creek, a clear mountain stream, rises 
near the summit of the Wasatch 
Mountains. The Creek proper is 
formed by a number of affluents, of 
which Lamb's Canyon Creek, Big 
Mountain Creek, Summit Creek and 
Hatch Creek are the four principal 
streams. It flows in a south-westerly 
direction through Parley's Canyon 
until it emerges into Salt Lake Val- 
le\ r about seven miles south-east of 
Salt Lake City. From the source of 
Big Mountain Creek to its original 
outlet into Mill Creek is a distance 
of about twenty miles. There are one 
steam saw-mill and two woollen fac- 
tories (theWasatch Mills andtheDes- 
eret Mills) on the creek, the two lat- 
ter below the mouth of the canyon. 

■Historical— July 4, 1850, Parley's Can- 
yon was opened (or travel under the name 
of the "Golden Pass." The road from the 
mouth of the canyon to what is known as 
Hardy's station was made under the direc- 
tion of Apostle Parley P. Pratt. 

CITY CREEK, a fine mountain 
stream, rises near the summit of the 
Wasatch Mountains, near the boun- 
dary line between Salt Lake and 
Davis Counti"s. It flows in a south- 
westerly direction through City 
Creek Canyon for about twelve miles 
until it emerges into Salt Lake Val- 
ley a short distance above the Tem- 
ple Block, Salt Lake City. From this 
creek the supply of water is obtained 
for the Salt Lake City water works, 
which, are located in the canyon a 
short distance above the City. 
History— When the Pioneers first canto 
he valley in 1847 they found this creek 



divided into three different channels; onejof 
these flowed in a north-westerly direction 
through what is now known as the Seven- 
teenth and Nineteenth Wards, another ran 
in a westerly direction through the Temple 
Block and the Sixteenth Ward, and a third 
one known as the east channel cut through 
Pres. Young's garden, thence flowed in a 
southerly direction over the grounds where 
the buildings on the east side of upper Main 
Street now stands, thence in a south-easterly 
direction through the Eighth and Third 
Wards until it united with the waters of Ked 
Butte, Emigration, Canyon and Mill Creek in 
a marsh immediately south of the City. La- 
ter the three channels were united into one 
and conducted through an aqueduct along 
the centre of North Temple Street straight 
west to the river Jordan. 

DRAPER PREUNCT, established 
March 4. 1856, is bounded on the 
north by S*ndy aud Granite Pre- 
cincts, east by the Wasatch Moun- 
tains, south by Utah County and 
west by Bluff Dale, Riverton and 
South Jordan Precincts. It contains 
about forty square miles of valley 
and mountain country. Pop. in 1880, 
425. 

DRAPER WARD,formerly known 
as South Willow Creek, is coexten- 
sive with Draper Precinct. It is a 
flourishing settlement on the U. C. 
Ry. 17 miles south-east of Salt Lake 
City and contains a ward house, a 
school house, a steam saw-mill, seve- 
ral stores and a large number of com- 
fortable private dwellings. Grain, 
general produce and fruits are raised 
in great abundance. The Ward is 
noted for its well attended meetings, 
a model Sunday School and lively 
associations. Nearly all the inhab- 
itants are Latt* r-day Saints. 

In May,lS87,t,hc presiding author- 
ities of the Ward stood as follows: 

Bishopric — Isaac M. Stewart, Bish- 
op ; Henry Day and Absalom W. 
Smith, Counselors ; John Heward, 
ward clerk, 

Priests' Quorum — Bishopric pre- 
siding. 

Teachers Quorum — llyrumBrown, 
Pres. 

Deacons Quorum — Isaac Eitzger- 
ald, Pres. ; Joseph Terry and Wm. 
Norris, Counselors. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Sunday School — Peter N. Garff, 
supt ; Joseph M. Smith and Charles 
C. Crapo, assistants ; David O. Rid- 
out, secretary. 

Relief Society — Catharine Smith, 
Pres. ; Hannah Rawlins and Mary 
Smith, Counselors; Hannah Burn- 
ham, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— David O. Rid- 
out, Pres. ; David Brown and Charles 
Sadler, Counselors ; John Hyrum 
• Smith, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Mary Ann Rid- 
out, Pres. ;Mary Ann Ballantyne and 
Hannah Brown, Counselors; Alice 
Stringfellow, secretary. 

Primary Associations — Tatharine 
Smith, Pres. ; Emmy Terry and Eliz- 
abeth Day, Counselors; Eliza J. 
Stewart, secretary. 

History— Draper was first settled by 
Ebenezer Brown and family in 1S49; the fol- 
lowing year Wm. Draper, Zemira Draper, 
And J. Allen, Andrew Burnham, and a few 
others, with their respective families, settled 
on a small creek which they called South 
Willow Creek. Later, when a post-office 
was otablished and a precinct organized, the 
name of the new settlement was changed to 
Draper, in honor of Wm. Draper and fami- 
ly, who were among the first settlers. In 
October, 1853, the population had increased 
to 222. At the tine of the Indian difficulties 
in 1854, a fort, inclosing a few acres on the 
grounds where the present ward h'ouse now 
stands ,was erected, and most of the settlers 
spent the winter of 1854-55 within its walls, 
but the following spring the people moved 
back onto their respective farms. Some years 
later the present town site was surveyed. 
In 1858, at the time of the general move, 
the place was deserted for a few months, 
but most of the settlers returned to their 
homes as soon as peace was fairly established 
between the Saints and Johnston's Army. 
The early settlers irrigated their lands from 
four small streams rising in the mountains 
east of the settlement. The largest of these 
was Willow Creek. About the year 1860 these 
four streams were converted into one at an 
expense of about $5,000. The water supply 
still proving insufficient to irrigate all the 
available farming lands in the immediate 
neighborhood of the settlement, steps were 
taken to bring water from the river Jor- 
dan by digging a large canal, which taps the 
river near the county line, at the same point 
as the Utah and Salt Lake Canal. This ca- 
nal, which is known as the East Jordan and 



Draper Canal, is twenty feet wide in the 
bottom and nearly eighteen miles long. It 
cost about $150,000. There are over four hur*- 
dred shareholders. 

Elder William Draper was the first acting 
Bishop or presiding Elder of the Draper 
Ward. He presided from ]S:>_> to 1856, with 
Ebenezer Brown and Zemira Draper as 
Counselors. In October, 1S50, Isaac W. Stew- 
art was ordained Bishop. W. R. Terry and 
Absalom W. Smith were chosen as his Coun- 
selors. In 1862 Elder Terry Was called togo 
to southern Utah, when Absalom VV. Smith 
became first and Henry Day second Coun- 
selor. No change in the Bishopric was 
made at the time of the reorganization, al- 
though a meeting similar to those held in 
other Wards for that purpose was held June 
24,1877. On account of the religious perse- 
cution now raging against the Saints, Coun- 
selor Smith has been forced into exile, and 
in 1886 Jonathan C. Crapo was ordained 
and set apart to act as Counselor pro tern. 
during the absence of Elder Smith. 

EAST MILL CREEK Precinct, 
established Dec. 5, 1877, is hounded 
on the north by the Sugar House and 
Mountain Dell Precincts, separated 
from Summit County on the east by 
the summit* of the Wasatch Moun- 
tains, bounded on the south by Sil- 
verton, Butler and Big Cottohwood 
Precincts and west by Mill Creek 
Precinct. It contains about twentv- 
four square miles, most of which "is 
mountainous country. Pop. in 1880 
371. 

EAST MILL CREEK WARD is 

coextensive with the precinct bearing 
the same name. Nearly all the inhab- 
itants are Latter-day Saints. The 
commodious ward house, which is also 
used for school purposes, is roman- 
tically located on rising ground over- 
looking the whole country west and 
northward. It is about eight miles 
south-east of the Temple Block, Salt 
Lake City. 

In May, 1887, the presiding officers 
of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — John Xeff, Bishop ; 
Henry B. Skid more and Samuel' 
Oliver, Counselors ; James M. Fisher 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Oscar Capson 
and Joseph Osguthorpe, Presidents of 
1st and 2nd Quorum. 



290 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Sunday School — Daniel H. Kimball 
supt. ; James M. Fisher and James 
Russell, assistants ; Marian B. Neff, 
secretary. 

Relief Society — Anna E. Neff, 
Pres. ; Lydia Oguthorpe and Sarah 
A. Skidmore, Counselors ; Francis 
Maria Neff, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— John B. Fagg, 
Pres. : John Capson and Amos B. 
Neff, Counselors; C. F. Stillman, 
secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A.— Grace A. Neff, 
Pres. ; Mary B. Neff and Delia Still- 
man, Counselors; Marian B. Neff, 
secretary and treasurer. 

Primary Association— Fannie Oli- 
ver, Pres. ; Francis Maria Neff and 
Edith E. Fisher, Counselors ; May 
S. Neff, secretary. 

History— The early history of East Mill 
Creek is identified with that of Mill Creek, 
It was first distinguished as the upper dis- 
trict of the Mill Creek Ward; a school house 
was erected at an early day and regular 
meetings held every Sabbath. Later, when 
the Mill Creek Ward had grown quite large, 
that part of it which is now included in East 
Mill Creek was attached to Big Cottonwood, 
er being at that time only a small 
Ward. Thusit continued until the reorgan- 
ization in 1877. 

While East Mill Creek existed as a mere 
branch or part of other Wards, it had a pre- 
siding Elder who took charge of meetings 
and affairs generally under the direction of 
the respective Bishoprics. The first of these 
presiding Elders was Julian Moses who pre. 
sided a number of years. He was suceeded 
by John Haslem and John Neff, the lattei 
presiding until called on a mission to Eng- 
land in 1873. After this H. B. Skidmore pre- 
sided until July 15, 1877, when East Mill 
Creek was organized into a Ward, with 
John Neff as Bishop, and Henry B. Skid- 
more and Samuel Oliver as Counselors. All 
these brethren were ordained and set apart 
by Pres. Daniel H. Wells. 

While the East Mill Creek Saints were con- 
nected with the people of Mill Creek and Big 
Cottonwood, they assisted in building meet- 
ing houses in both these Wards. And later 
they have built their own commodious ward 
house at a cost of about three thousand 
dollars. 

Some of l*e first fruit grown in Salt Lake 
Va'lev wa* raided in East Mill Creek, by D. 
Russell, who planted an orchard near the 



mouth of Mill Creek Canyon. Some of the 
trees planted by him in 1849 are still alive 
and bearing fruit. 

EMIGRATION CREEK, a moun- 
tain stream of considerable size, rises 
near the summit of the Wasatch 
Mountains. The East Fork, West 
Fork and Brigham's Fork are its main 
tributaries. It flows in a south-west- 
erly direction through the celebrated 
Emigration Can3*on until it emerges 
into Salt Lake Valley about twelve 
miles from its head waters. From 
its source to its original junction with 
Mill Creek, at a point immediately 
south of the present site of Salt Lake 
City, is a distance of about sixteen 
miles. 

Historical— Emigration Canyon is fa- 
mous in the early history of Utah as the 
mountain pass through which the Pioneers 
and early immigrant trains entered Salt Lake 
Valley. After the opening of a good wagon 
road through Parley'sCanyon, the immigra- 
tion, in order to avoid the crossing of the 
"Little Mountain", generally passed through 
that canyon. 

ENSIGN PEAK is a dome-shaped 
mountain, standing out in bold relief 
from the more lofty mountains behind 
it, about two miles north of the Tem- 
ple Block, Salt Lake City. From its 
top, which is about five hundred feet 
above the Temple Block, a fine view 
is had of the City, Valley and Great 
Salt Lake. 

Historical— This mountain is famous in 
the history of Utah as the spot where the Pio- 
neers, after their arrival in the valley, first 
unfurled the "stars and stripes." Pres. 
Brigham Young and others ascended the 
peak for that purpose, July 26, 1847, and at 
the same time named it. On the top of En- 
sign Peak, July 21, 1849, also, were adminis- 
tered the first endowments given in Salt Lake 
Valley. Elder Addison Pratt was the person 
to whom the blessings were administered on 
the occasion. 

FARMERS PRECINCT, estab- 
lished Dec. 5, 1877, is bounded on the 
north by Roper Street, or the corpo- 
ration limits of Salt Lake City, east 
by Sugar House Precinct, south by 
Mill Creek Precinct and separated 
from Brighton Precinct on the west 
by the river Jordan. It contains 
only about five square miles of rich 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



291 



farming and pasture lands, being the 
smallest precinct in the county in 
point of area. Pop. in 1880, 320, 

FARMERS WARD, formerly a 
part of the Sugar House Ward, is 
coextensive with Farmers Precinct, 
and contains the west part of the or- 
iginal Five Acre Survey. The ward 
house located on the State Road is 
about three miles south of the Tem- 
ple Block, Salt Lake I ity. 

In May 1887, the presiding officers 
of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — Henry F. Burton, Bish- 
op ; John Gabbott andWm. Wagstaff , 
Counselors ; Wm. Gibb} 7 , ward clerk. 
Deacons' Quorum — Lyman W. Bur- 
ton, Pres. : John Gray Peart and Al- 
bert Van Cott, Counselors. 

Sunday School — Willard L. Snow, 
supt. ; Asahel H. Woodruff and 
Frank Van Cott, assistants ; Albert 
G. Wagstaff, secretary. 

Relief Society — Emma Woodruff, 
Pres. ; Sarah Jane Cannon and Cath- 
erine Gibby, Counselors ; Annie Free, 
secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Asahel H. Wood- 
ruff, Pres. ; Wilford A. Kimball and 
John G. Peart, Counselors ; Ray Van 
Cott, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. ^.—Elizabeth Peart, 
Pres. ; Naomi Butterwood and Ella 
Snow, Counselors. 

History — Farmers Ward was organized 
July 23, 1877, at a meeting held in the Sugar 
House ward house, with Lewis H. Mousley 
as Bishop, and John Wagstaff and John Gab- 
bott as his Counselors. Elders Mousley 
and Wagstaff were ordained and set apart 
at the time and Elder Gabbott on the 26th, 
Pres. Daniel H. Wells officiating. 

Lewis H. Mousley having removed to 
Bluff Dale, a meeting was held Sept. 12, 1886, 
whenH. F. Burton was sustained as Bishop 
of the Farmers Ward, with John Gabbott 
and Wm. Wagstaff as his Counselors. 

FORT DOUGLAS, one of the most 
desirable military posts in the United 
States, is a beautiful suburban spot 
located on rising ground, near the 
mouth of Red Butte Canyon and 
about three miles east of the Temple 
Block Salt Lake City. The Fort 
Douglas Military Reservation con- 



tains 2,560 acres. Pop. in 1880,403, 
mostly soldiers. 

History— In the fall of 1862 Col. P. E. 
Connor, commanding the Third California 
Volunteers, and a regiment of Nevada troops, 
came to Salt Lake Valley, with orders to es- 
tablish a military post there. The "over- 
land travel" was at that time menaced by 
Indians, and Salt Lake Valley was selected 
for a permanent camp, on account of its cen- 
tral position and the facilities it offered for 
supplying the troops with what was necessary 
for their support. The site of the present 
post was selected by Col. Connor, Oct. 20, 1862, 
and was named in honor of Stephen A. Doug- 
las, the distinguished senator from Illinois. 
At first the reservation was only one mile 
square, but subsequently was enlarged to its 
present dimensions, four square miles. The 
first flagstaff was cut in the Wasatch Moun- 
tains by the troops, and with infinite labor 
was brought to camp. In an address by 
General Morrow, delivered Dec. 26, 1873, on 
the occasion of raising the flagstaff, the fol- 
lowing of historioal interest was said, relating 
to the first quarters built at Fort Douglas: 

"There was no railroad in 1862. Everv- 
thing was scarce, and if procurable at all, 
procurable at high prices. The troops win- 
tered in 1862-63 in 'dug-outs,' and in 1863 
the permanent quarters were begun. The 
work was all done by the volunteers; and it 
is a tribute to the ingenuity and enterprise 
of our volunteer soldiery, and a comment on 
our 'regular' establishment, when I say that 
little has been done to our quarters or bar- 
, racks at the post since the volunteers left 
them." 

In 1865, Colonel George, First Nevada Vol- 
unteers, was in command of Camp Douglas. 
After the war of the rebellion had ended the 
"regular" troops came again to Utah, and 
Major William H. Lewis, Thirty-sixth Infan- 
try, came to command Camp Douglas in the 
summer of 1S66, relieving Colonel Potter. 

Since the days of the volunteer companies 
the fort has been rebuilt in a fine, substan- 
tial manner, and additional improvements 
are made yearly. 

FRANCKLYN,a railway station on 
the Utah Central and D. & R. G. 
Rys. , is situated in South Cottonwood 
Precinct, between the two Cotton- 
wood Creeks, near the Horn Silver 
Smelter and 7 miles south of Sa 
Lake City. 

GERMANIA is the name of a 
railway station and the most exten- 
sive smelting and lead works in Utah. 
They are situated on the south side 
of the Little Cottonwood Creek, on 



292 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



the line of the U. C. Ry., 7i miles 
souih of Salt Lake City. 

GRANGES PRECINCT, estab- 
lished April 13, 1878, is bounded on 
the north by Brighton Precinct, 
separated on the east from Mill Creek 
Precinct by the river Jordan, boun- 
ded on the south b}- North Jordan 
Precinct and west by Hunter Pre- 
cinct. It contains 12 square miles 
of good farming land. Pop. in 1880, 
145. 

GRANGER WARD is coextensive 
with the Granger Precinct. The 
ward house site (building in course 
of erection), located in the centre of 
a fine fanning district, is nine miles 
south-west of the Temple Block, Salt 
Lake City. The farming lands are 
irrigated from the North Jordan, 
South Jordan and Utah & Salt Lake 
Canals. All kinds of small grain 
and vegetables are raised. Nearly 
all the people are Latter-day Saints; 
meetings are held in the district school 
house. 

In May. 1887, the presiding authori- 
ties of the Ward stood as follows: 

Bishopric — Daniel McRae, Bishop ; 
John Bawden, Counselor; John C. 
McKay, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Geo. A. Wal- 
lace, Pres. ; Alma J. Gerber and 
James H. Taylor, Counselors ; 

Sunday School — Henry L. Bawden, 
supt. ; Alexander J. Hill and Fred. 

B. Eldredge, assistants; R. C. Wile- 
kin, secretary. 

Relief Society — Mary E. Porter, 
Pres. ; Elizabeth Park and Mary Bess, 
Counselors ; Kate McKay, secretary. 

T. IT. M. I A. — Alexander J. 
Hill, Pres. ; Josiah Wallace and Wm. 
H.Park, Counselors ; Samuel D. Wal- 
lace, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A. — Agues Mackey, 
Pres. ; Henrietta Wallace and Emily 

C. McRae, Counselors ; Mary J. Park, 
secretary. 

Primary Association — Hannah Wal- 
lace, Pres. ; Mary A. Gerber and 
Agnes B. Park, Counselors ; Florence 
Barton, secretary. 

HlSTOKY — That district of country now- 
included in the Granger Ward formerly be- 
longed to the North Jordan and Brighton 



Wards. At a meeting held in the North Jor- 
dan ward house, Feb. 24, 1884, the Ward was 
organized with Daniel McRae as Bishop and 
Abram S0ren«en and John Bawden as Coun- 
selors. Counselor Sorensen has since re- 
moved to Cache Valley. 

GRANITE. once a flourishing town, 
was situated in the mouth of LittleCot- 
ton wood Canyon, about twenty miles 
by rail south-east of Salt Lake City, 
and \h west of Wasatch, the nearest 
railway station. >ee Granite Ward, 
GRANITE PRECINCT, estab- 
lished March 24, 1871, is bounded 
on the north by Butler Precinct, east 
by Little Cottonwood Precinct, south 
by Draper Precinct and west by Dra- 
per and Sandy Precincts. It con- 
tains about twenty miles of valley 
and mountain country, lying on both 
sides of the Little Cottonwood Creek. 
Pop. in 1880, 250. 

GRANITE WARD comprises 
Graite, Butler, Little Cottonwood 
and Silverton Precincts, consisting 
chiefly of a hilly and mouutanious 
tract of country. There are only a 
very few Latter-day Saints in the 
two last named precincts, but they 
constitute nearly all the population 
of Butler and Granite. All the 
inhabitants live very much scattered 
on their farms, and most of them 
realize but small returns from their 
lands, which is rather poor and can 
only be cultivated in spots, on ac- 
count of its uneven surface and the 
scarcity of water. The only public 
building in the Ward is the Butler 
district school house, which has a 
most romantic location on the brow 
of a hill overlooking the valley north 
and west. It is about twelve miles, 
by road, south-east of Salt Lake City. 
Meetings are held in this building 
every Sunday, and every other Sun- 
day religious services are also held 
at Wasatch, in Little Cottonwood 
Canyon, which belongs to the Granite 
Ward. A commodious ward house 
is now in course of erection near the 
centre of the Ward. There is a sep- 
arate Sunday School in Granite whic 
meets in a lumber building located 
near the stamp-mill, between the Lit- 
tle Cottonwood Creek and the Alta 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



293 



Branch of the Denver & Rio Grande 
Railway. 

On the Big Cottonwood (reek, 
in this Ward, and about ten miles 
from .Salt Lake City, is located the 
famous Deseret Paper Mills. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Alva Butler, Bishop; 
Win. Thomson, Counselor and ward 
clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Thomas Thom- 
son, Pres. ; Geo. F. Despain and 
Lewis Neeley, jun., Counselors. 

Sunday School at Granite — Solo- 
mon A. Wixotn, supt. ; Oscar N. Des- 
pain and James Muir, assistants ; 
Adell Boyce, secretaiy. 

Sunday School at Butler — George 
Low, supt. ; Mark II. Bleazzard and 
George U. Thomson, assistants; 
Josephine Thompson, secretary. 

Belief Society — Ruth A. Despain, 
Pres. ; Jane E. Butler and ( har- 
lotte Mason, Counselors ; Josephine 
Thompson, secietary. 

Y. M. & Y. L. 31. I. A.— Mark 
H. Bleazzard, Pres. ; Wm. Hadfield 
and Alva J. Butler, Counselors ; Alva 
J. Butler, secretary. 

HISTORY — A town called Granite was lo- 
cated in the mouth of Little Cottonwood 
Canyon in 1870. At the lime of its greatesl 

prosperity (1*72-74) it consi>ted of about 
fifty buildings, mostly stores, saloons, 
boarding houses and cabins for the accom- 
modation of the workmen employed on the 
Flagstaff and Davenport smelters (situated 
near by), and the teamsters who hauled ore 
from the mines up the canyon to the smel- 
ters below. This teaming was the main sup- 
port of the town. Finally the smelters were 
removed, and the town has since become ex- 
tinct, only one house now remaining on the 
town site. In the meantime the surround- 
ing country had been settled by Latter-day 
Saints who originally belonged to the South 
Cottonwood Ward, but when the reorgani- 
zation of the Salt Lake Stake of Zion took 
place, that portion of the country above de- 
scribed was organized into a Ward. This 
was done at a meeting held in the South Cot- 
tonwood ward house, July 1, 1877, when 
Solomon J. Despain was appointed Bishop 
of the new Ward. Xiels Grahn and Ilyruin 
S. Despain were ordained High Priests and 
6et apart by Daniel H. Wells to act as first 



and second Counselors, July 15, 1877. Sub 
sequcntly Counselor Grahn removed to Ida- 
ho, when John Boyce became first Coun- 
selor, and on May 7, 1881, Alva Butler was 
ordained a High Priest and set apart to act 
as second Counselor. 

In 1886 Bishop Despain was forced into 
exile because of religious persecution. < !oun- 
selors Boyce and Butler then took temporary 
charge of the Ward until March 13, 1887, 
when Pres. Angus M. Cannon and other 
Elders met with the Saints of the Granite 
Ward in the Paper Mill buildings, lor the 
purpose of reorganizing the Bishopric. At 
that meeting Alva Butler was nominated for 
Bishop. He was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart to this position March lo', 1887, 
by Franklin D. Richards. William Thomson, 
jun., was ordained a High Priest and set 
apart to act as second Counselor. Xo first 
Counselor has yet been appointed. 

HFRRIMAN PRECINCT, estab- 
lished July 21, 1863, is bounded on 
the north by West Jordan Precinct, 
east by - outh Jordan, Riverton and 
Bluff Dale Precincts, south by Utah 

ounty and west by Bingham Pre- 
cinct. It contains about forty miles 
of valley and mountain countr}-. 
Pop. in 1880, 342. 

HERRIMAN WARD is coexten- 
sive with the Herriman Precinct. 
The village of Herriman, containing 
nearly all the inhabitants, is pleasant- 
ly situated on Butterfield < reek, 22 
miles south-west of Salt Lake ( it} r , 
and 2 miles south of Revere -witch, 
the nearest railway point. It has a 
good meeting house, which is also 
used for school purposes, and a num- 
ber of comfortable dwellings. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows ; 

Bishopric — Charles C. Crump, Pre- 
siding Elder. 

Deacons' Quorum — Joseph H. 
Crump, Pres. ; James T. Butterfield 
and George G. Miller, Counselors. 

Sunday School — Henry Crane, 
supt. ; Samuel Butterfield and Almon 
Butterfield. assistants ; Nancy J. 
Freeman, secretary. 

Relief Society — Alice B. Crane, 
Pres. ; Margaret E. Crump and -arah 
T. Butterfield, Counselors ; Mary 
A. Tempest, secretary. 



294 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Y. M. M. I. A.— Jeremiah R. 
Freeman, Pies. ; Win. Crane and 
David J. Bowen, Counselors; James 
G. Crane, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Emma J. Bod ell, 

Pres. ; -a rah Ann Newman and Alice 
B. ( rane, Counselors; Nancy J. 
Freeman, secretary. 

Primary Association — Mary Ann 
Tempest, Pres.; Clara D. Farmer 
and > arah B. Freeman, Counselors; 
Nancy J. Freeman, secretary. 

HlBTOKY— Herriman was first settled in 
the spring of 1849 by Henry Herriman, Tims. 
Bulterfield, sen., Robert Petty and John 
Stocking. These four brethren . built a log 
cabin each, fenced some land, raised a crop 
and called their local ion Buttertield Settle- 
ment. They also made a mountain road lip 
what they called Butterlield Canyon, where 
they found considerable timber. In the fall 
of 1853, the settlement was strengthened by 
the arrival of about twenty otber families, 
who were called by President B. Young to 
locate there. This increased the population 
to 71 souls. The following year a fort inclo- 
Bing2£ acres of wound was built of concrete, 
as a protection against the Indians, who, 
while hostile, stole several bands of horses 
and cattle from the settlers- In the spring 
of IKS the settlement was abandoned be- 
cause of the "Utah war", but reoccupied the 
same year when peace was restored. Short- 
ly often* ards the present townsite was sur- 
veyed, and the settlement named Herriman, 
in honor of Henry Herriman, one of the 
first seven Presidents of the Seventies, since 
which the population has steadily increased, 
though the prosperity of the place during 
the last few years has been much impeded 
by the water in the creek becoming impure 
through mining camps being established in 
theeanyou above. When the place was first 
settled the waterwas pure, grass and timber 
plentiful and all other natural facilities 
excellent. 

Henry Herriman was the first presiding 
Elder, lie was succeeded by Thomas Bllt- 
terfield, who presided until 1855, when he 
was called on a mission to Snake River, and 
McGec Harris then took charge until the 
move in 1858, under the direction of the 
West Jordan Bishopric. After the move 
Bishop L. YV. Hardy and A. O. Smoot visited 
Herriman and organized it to a Ward with 
Alexander F. Barron as Bishop and John 
Stocking and Henry Arnold as Counselors. 
In 18G1 Bishop Barron was called on a mis- 
sion to southern Utah, after which Henry 



Arnold took charge as presiding Elder until 
the spring of 1866, when he removed to Salt 
Lake city. In the autumn Ensign I. Stock- 
ing returned from a tour-year mission to 
Europe and was ordained Bishop of the 
Herriman Ward. He presided about ten 
years, or until he removed from the Ward 
in 1870, when Herriman again became a 
part of I he West Jordan Ward, with James 
Crane as presiding Elder. At a special meet- 
ing held in the West .Jordan ward house, 
June 17, 1877, Herriman was organized into 
a separate Ward, for the third time. On 
that occasion James Crane was ordained 
Bishop, with David Bowen and ('has. C. 
Crump as Counselors, Pres. Daniel II. Wells 
officiating. 

Nov. -i:>, 1885, Apostle John Henry Smith, 
Joseph E. Taylor, Bishop Win. B. Preston 
and others met with the Saints of Herriman 
and set apart ('has. C. ('rump to act as first 
Counselorto Bishop Crane, instead of David 
Bowen, resigned. James (i. Crane was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart as second 
Counselor. 

Bishop Crane died July G, 1SSG, since 
which Elder Chas. C. Crump has had tem- 
porary charge of the Ward. 

HUNTER PRECINCT, estab- 
lished March 19, HM>, and organized 
out of the east part of Pleasant Green 
Precinct, is bounded on the north by 
the Great Salt Lake, east b}' North 
Point, Brighton and Granger Pre- 
cincts, south by North Jordan Pre- 
cinct and west by Pleasant Green 
Precinct. It contains 42 square 
miles. This precinct, which also 
comprises chool Districts Nos. 50 
and 63, belongs to the Pleasant Green 
Ward. 

HOT SPRINGS. On the lines of 
the Utah Central and 1). & R. G. 
Rys., nearly four miles nerth-west 
of the Temple Block, Salt Lake City, 
and within the city corporation 
limits, are the celebrated Hot 
Springs, which boil up from under a 
huge rock forming a clear and trans- 
parent pool of a bluish shade. The 
water which has a temperature of 
about 128 deg., smell strongly of 
sulphur as it emerges from its cavern- 
ous source. From the pool it is con- 
veyed in an 8-inch pipe for a dis- 
tance of about one hundred j'ards to 
a cooling tank, 126x30 feet, from 
which it is brought into the bath 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



295 



houses and then allowed to escape to 
the Hot Springs Lake, a shallow sheet 
of water, with irregularly defined 

shores covering about four square 
miles of the low country lying be- 
tween the mountains and the river 
Jordan, with which the lake is con- 
nected by an outlet. Although the 
healing properties of the Hot Springs 
water was known at an early day. 
and experience in several instances 
showed it to be erlicacious in curing 
diseases, it was not utilized to any 
extent until a few years ago. when 
John Beck bought the Hot Springs 
property with a view of converting 
it into a bathing resort. He built 
two bathing houses, made nearly all 
the improvements now found on the 
grounds and opened the resort to 
the public in 1885. The main build- 
ing is 120x96 feet and contains a 
plunge bath, 58x32 feet, two ladies 
baths and four tub baths. The 
smaller building, 81x35 feet, con- 
tains 12 baths, connected with 17 
bed and dressing rooms. The busi- 
ness is at present managed by Jaines 
L. Tibbitts, under the direction of 
H. B. Clawson, of Salt Lake City, 
the latter having acted as Mr. Beck's 
Agent since July 22, 1887. The 
property is now known as Beck's 
Hot Springs ; the proprietor is absent 
from the Territory. 

LITTLE COTTONWOOD CREEK 

one of the principal streams entering 
Salt Lake Valley from the east, rises 
near the summit of the Wasatch 
Mountains, a short distance south of 
the mining town of Alta, and flows 
in a westerly direction through Little 
Cottonwood Canyon until it emerges 
into .-alt Lake Valley, about eleven 
miles from its source ; thence its 
course is north-westerly, through 
Granite, Union aDd South Cotton- 
wood Wards, until it empties into the 
river Jordan about six miles south 
of Salt Lake Cit}\ Its whole length 
is nearly twenty-four miles. One of 
the main tributaries of the creek 
rises in Case's Lake, a small but very 
romantic sheet of water situated near 
the tops of the mountaius, about two 
miles south of Alta. It was named 



after Mr. Geo. W. Case, who located 
a mining claim near by. Being sur- 
rounded by cliffs reaching clear down 
to the water's edge, ll very much 
resembles i ake Mary, on the Big 
( ottonwood Creek. The little Cot- 
tonwood Creek has no forks, hut a 
large number of small streams 
empties into it from both sides of the 
canyon, some of them heading in ro- 
mantic lakes near the tops of the 
mountains. 

On this creek is Alta, once an im- 
portant mining camp, and Wasatch, 
where the men employed at the 
Church quarry have their quarters. 
The tramway between Wasatch and 
Alta has opened the canyon for the 
traveling public, and during the sum- 
mer season a large number of tourists 
visit Alta and the head-waters of the 
Little Cottonwood Creek, to enjoy 
the grand scenery and the cool, re- 
freshing canyon breeze. 

Historical— Little Cottonwood Canyon 
has been renowned for its rich mines, and 
at an early day for its excellent timber. At 
one time a large number of saw-mills were 
located at various points in the main canyon 
and several of its numerous side gulches; 
now there is but little accessible timber left. 
The mines also are worked but little, com- 
pared to what they were years ago. 

LITTLE COTTONWOOD PRE- 
CINCT, established March 24, 1871, 
is bounded on the north by Mlverton 
Precinct, east and south by the sum- 
mit of the^ mountains, and west by 
Granite Precinct. It contains all 
that portion of the Wasatch Moun- 
tains which is drained by the head- 
waters of Little Cottonwood Creek, 
about 25 square miles. Near the 
centre of the precinct is situated the 
mining town of Alta. Pop. in 1880, 
300. 

Historical— When the precinct was first 
organized, it was called Mineral Precinct, 
but the County court changed its name to 
what it now is, July 22, 1871. 

LITTLE COTTONWOOD WARD. 

See Union. 

LOVENDAHL'S, a flag station on 
the U. C. Rj\ , 9 miles south of >alt 
Lake City, was named in honor of S. 



296 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



M. Lovendahl, the owner of the adja- 
cent property. 

MILL CREEK, a beautiful moun- 
tain stream, rises near the summit of 
the Wasatch Mountains and flows 
westward through Mill Creek Can- 
yon for about twelve miles until it 
emerges into Salt Lake Valley. 
There it is used for irrigation pur- 
poses. From its source to where it 
originally emptied into the river Jor- 
dan, at a point immediately south 
of the White Bridge, at the foot of 
North Temple Street, Salt Lake 
City, was a distance of about 
twenty-one miles. In its original 
course it received as tributaries Can- 
yon Creek, Emigration Creek, Red 
Butte Creek and part of City Creek. 
These streams all came together in a 
sort of marsh immediately south of 
the present site of *■ alt Lake City. 
A canal, about one mile long, now 
conducts the surplus waters of Mill 
Creek from the Wasatch Roller Mills 
(situated a short distance west of the 
State Road) due west to the river 
Jordan, into which it empties at a 
point four miles south of the original 
outlet. The surplus waters of 
Emigration Creek, Canyon Creek and 
Red Butte Creek are conducted 
through a canal along 8th West Street, 
Salt Lake City, to the Hot Springs 

Lake. 

In early Utah days there were a 
number of saw-mills on Mill (reek; 
now there are only two running, as 
the best timber in Mill Creek Can- 
yon has long since been taken away. 

MILL CREEK PRECINCT, es- 
tablished July 21, 1863, is bounded 
on the north by Farmers and Sugar 
House Precincts, east by East Mill 
Creek and Big Cottonwood Precincts, 
south by South Cottonwood Precinct 
and separated from North Jordan 
and Granger Precincts on the west 
by the river Jordan. It contains 
about twelve square miles of some 
of the best and most productive 
farming; land in Utah. Pop. in 
1880, 1,416. This precinct contains 
School Districts Nos. 30, 31, 36 and 

39. 

MILL CREEK WARD is coexten- 



sive with Mill Creek Precinct. It 
contains a water power flouring-mill, 
several saw, shingle and planing 
mills, a number of well stocked gen- 
eral and special stores and many 
comfortable private residences. The 
shipments comprise flour, grain and 
general produce. The ward house is 
pleasantly situated on rising ground 
near the centre of the Ward, £ mile 
east of the State Road and about five 
miles south-east of the Temple Block, 
Salt Lake City. The Ward is noted 
for its well attended meetings, well 
conducted organizations, excellent 
district schools, and for the liberality 
of the Saints in paying tithing and 
donations. 

In May, 1887, the officers of the 
Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — James C. Hamilton, 
Bishop ; John F Snedaker and Jens 
Hansen. Counselors ; Geo. B. Bailey, 
ward clerk. 

There is a Priests' Quorum pre- 
sided over by the Bishopric, a 
quorum of ordained Teachers, under 
the presidency of Samuel Cornwall, 
and two Deacons' Quorum, presided 
over by Frank Murphy and Abraham 
Hill. 

Sunday Sohool — John F. Snedaker, 
supt. ; O. P. Lemmon and Levi P 
Helm, assistants; Clara Snedaker, 
secretary. 

Relief Society— ElizabethHill.Pres ; 
Ann Walters Lemmon and Elizabeth 
Snedaker, Counselors; Francis Han- 
son, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Levi P. Helm, 
Pres. ; Win. N. Hill and Joseph Han- 
sen, Counselors ; Philip Carlisle, 
secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A. — Clara Snedaker, 
Pres. ; Mary B. White and Agnes 
Merrill, Counselors ; Mary Jensen, 
secretary. 

There are four Primary Associa- 
tions, one in each school district, 
presided over by Ann Walters Lem- 
mon, Mary McAllister, Francis Han- 
son and Mary Ann Birch. 

History— In the spring of 1848 John Neff 
located a mill site on Mill Creek, near a little 
grove, about two miles below the month of 
Mill Creek Canyon. In July and August 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



297 



following the mill race was dug by a Mr. 
Binley and aoout harvest time the mill com- 
menced operation, even before the building 
was roofed in. With the exception of a 
small chopping mill put up by Charles Cris- 
man, at the mouth of City Creek Canyon, 
this was the first mill in Salt Lake Valley, 
audit made the first flour produced in Utah. 
This mill occupies one of the finest mill sites 
in Utah Territory. 

Mr. Neff moved his family out] on the 
mill site early in the fall of 1848 and thus 
became the first settler on Mill Creek. A 
few weeks later Daniel Russell settled Dear 
the mouth of Mill Creek Canyon, about a 
mile above the mill, and the following spring 
planted an orchard and commenced farming. 
For a number of years the Neff and Russell 
families were the only settlers in that tract 
of country now included in the East Mill 
Creek Ward. In tne early days of Utah 
that upper bench country was considered 
unlit for cultivation; but some years ago 
its special adaptation for the raising of 
friut and lucern was discovered, and at the 
present time the excellent quality of the 
tame hay, garden vegetables and fruits raised 
in that locality is known all over the 
country. 

In 1818 and 1S49, the Gardner family (in- 
cluding Robert Gardner, sen.. Archibald 
Gardner and Robert Gardner, jun.), Reuben 
Miller, Alexander Hill, Wm. Casper and 
family, John Borrowman, Joseph Fielding, 
John Scott, Stephen Chipman, Roger Luke- 
ham, Mary Smith and family (including 
Patriarch John Smith and Apostle Joseph 
F- Smith) and others settled'at various points 
on Mill Creek and Big Cot I on wood ( reek. 
The Gardners built a saw -mill and subse- 
quently a grist-mill about two miles below 
John Neff's mill site. 

In the winter of 1849-50 religious services 
were held in Alexander Hill's house, on the 
Big Cottonwood Creek. During the few 
following years meetings were held in pri- 
vate houses, and in 1853 tlie ti st school 
bouse, a small adobe building, was erected 
on the State Road, immediately north of Big 
Cottonwood Creek. Another small school 
hou>e (known as the North school house) 
was built near the present residence of Levi 
North. This building, which was rather 
plain in point of architecture, having a mud 
roof and rough flooring, was pulled down 
by a number of young men who conceived 
the idea of a better building. Another 
house, 30 x 20 feet, was consequentlv erect- 
ed in 1855, near the point where the "big 
ditch" crossed the county road going to 
Union Fort. A similar school house was 



built a short distance east o the first school 
house on the Big Cottonwood, part of the 
material used for the former building being 
utilized again. Later, another school house 
known as the Scott school house, 20 x 30 
feet, exclusive of a vestry, was built near 
the northern limits of the Ward. The pres- 
ent ward house was erected in 1868. 

At the time of the general move in April 
and May, 185S, the Mill Creek Saints settled 
temporarily at Spanish Fork. A few, also, 
stopped at Springville, Goshen and other 
places in Utah County. Nearly all returned 
in July following. 

Shortly after the move, James Gordon 
opened a distillery and commenced to man- 
ufacture whiskey on the State Road. This 
served as a temptation for the young to be- 
come intemperate. For refusing to cease 
that obnoxious business, Mr. Gordon was 
excommunicated from the Church, April 
10, 1859. 

April 8, 18-19, Joel H. Johnson was ordained 
the first Bishop of the Mill Creek Ward. His 
Counselors were Reuben Miller and James 
Rawlins. At the General Conference of the 
Church, held in G. S. L. City, in April, 1851, 
Reuben Miller was voted to be the Bishop 
of the Ward. He was ordained shortly after- 
wards. He chose as Counselors James 
Rawlins and a brother Hotchkinson. Coun- 
selor Hotchkinson, went to California in 
1851, and Alexander Hill was chosen second 
Counselor in his stead. Elder Rawlins was 
discontinued as Counselor in 1852 or 1853, 
when Alexander Hill became first Coun- 
selor, and Alva Keller was chosen to act as 
second Counselor. Alva Keller was dropped 
in 1856, and John A. Smith was chosen in 
his stead. During the absence of Alexander 
Hill on a four-months' mission to Salmon 
River, Robert Gardner acted as Counselor 
pro teui. in his stead. John A. Smith re- 
moved to Tooele County in 1859, and Wash- 
ington Leminon was chosen as second Coun- 
selor in his stead. This Bishopric (Miller, 
Hill and Lemmon) stood intact for twenty- 
three years, no change being made, at the 
time of the general reorganization in is~~, 
except that the Ward was slightly dimin- 
ished in size by the organization of new 
Wards. 

Bishop Reuben Miller died in July, 1SS2, 
beloved and honored by the people, over 
whom he had presided so many years. After 
his death, Counselor Hill had temporary 
charge of the Ward until Sunday, March 
30, 1884, when Pres. Jos. V. Smith, Apostle 
Brigham Young, and Presto. Angus M. Can- 
non and Joseph E. Taylor and others met 
with the Saints of Mill Creek for the pur- 



298 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



pose of appointing a new Bishopric. On 
that occasion James C. Hamilton was or- 
dained a Fligh Priest and set apart to act a- 
Bishop <>( ttie Mill Creek Ward by Jos. F. 
Smith. John F. Suecbiker was- ordained and 
ut i>\ Angus .M. Cannon as first, and 
Jens Hansen l>y Joseph E. Taylor as second 
Counselor to Bishop Hamilton. 

MOUNTAIN DELL PRECINCT, 

created Nov. 10, 1877, is bounded 
on the north i>y Morgan County, east 
by Morgan and Summit Counties, 
south by East Mill Creek Precinct, 
and west by Sugar House Precinct. 
It contains about fifty square miles 
of mountain country and includes 
School District No. 55. Pop. in 
1880, 95. 

MOUNTAIN DELL WARD is co- 
extensive with the precinct hearing 
the same name. The ward house, a 
small log building, which is also used 
for school purposes, is situated in 
Parley's Canyon, about fourteen 
miles southeast of the Temple 
Block, Salt Lake City. The pop- 
ulation of i he Ward consists of eleven 
'•Mormon" families and two fami- 
lies of ••outsiders." Most of the 
people live on the creeks near what 
is known as Hardy's Station. All 
kinds of small grain and potatoes 
are raised without irrigation. The 
farms are located on the table land 
back from the creeks. 

In May. 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — "Win. B. Hardy. Bish- 
op ; Wm. W. Taylor ami James 
Laird. Counselors; Bines Dixon, 
ward clerk. 

Sunday School — Wm. W. Taylor, 
supt. ; W. B. Hardy assistant, Bines 
Dixon, jun. ; secretary. 

ReliefSociety — Mary Dixon, Pres, ; 
Taey Hardy and Elizabeth Wind- 
mill. Counselors; Emily Taylor, se- 
cretary. 

F. M ; & Y. L. M\ I. A.— Mary 
Hards Pres ; Mary Dixon and Velara 
Laird, Counselors ; Elizabeth Taylor, 
secretary. 

History— The first settler in Parley's 
Canyon was Mr. Hatch who located on Big 
Mountain Creek, about two miles north' of 
Hardy's .Station about the year t855. One 



or two more families moved up soon after- 
wards. In i860 Bishop L. W. Hardy built a 
house at the "forks, " ' where he for a num- 
ber of years kept a mail station. Ephraim 
Hanks had made some improvements on the 
same grounds previous to this. It is only a 
few years since farming was actually com- 
menced. 

The first ecclesiastical organization 

known dates back to Oct. 5, 187s, when James 
Laird "was sustained as presiding Priest of 
the Mountain Dell Branch of the Sugar 
House Ward." Ibis was done at a Slake 
conference. Aug. 20, 1882, the branch was 
organized as a Ward with Wm. IJ. Hardy as 
Bishop and Win. W. Taylor and James 
Laird as Counselors. Counselor Laird died, 
ami Bines Dixon whs subsequently ordained 
a High Priest and set apart as second Coun- 
selor to Bishop Hardy by C. W Penrose. 

MURRAY, the post office name 
for South Cottonwood. 7 miles south 
of Salt Lake City, was named in 
honor of Governor Eli H. Murray. 

NORTH JORDAN PRECINCT, 
established June 3, 1*72, is bounded 
on the north by Pleasant Green, Hun- 
ter and Granger Precincts, separated 
from Mill Creek and South Cotton- 
wood Precincts on the east by the 
river Jordan, bounded on the south 
by West Jordan Precinct ami separa- 
ted from Tooele County on the west 
by, the summit of the Oquirrh Moun- 
tains. It ton tains about thirty 
square miles of valley and mountain 
country. Pop. in 188U, 282. 

NORTH JORDAN WARD, also 
known as Taylorsville, is coextensive 
with the North Jordan Precinct. The 
ward house beautifully located near 
the centre of the Ward west of the 
river .Jordan, is 10£ miles south-west 
of Salt Lake City, and 1A west of 
Francklyn, the nearest railway sta- 
tion. The Ward contains a water 
nower grist-mill, some of the best 
farms in Salt Lake Valley and many 
fine residences. Farming and sheep 
raising are the principal industries 
of its inhabitants. The Ward is 
known for its well attended meet- 
ings, orderly Sunday School, lively 
associations and the general ministry 
of its inhabitants. An efficient choir 
is ably conducted by Archibald 
Frame. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



299 



The follwing were the presiding 
authorities of the Ward in May. 
1887. 

Bishopric — Samuel Bennion, Bish- 
op ; William Panter and Samuel 
Bringhurst, jun. ; Counselors. 

Deacons' Quorum — Parley Wil- 
iams. President; Archibald Frame, 
jun. ; and Wm. H. Marker, Coun- 
selors. There are also a number of 
ordained Priests and Teachers not 
yetproperly organized into quorums. 
Sunday School - Archibald Frame, 
superintendent; George M. Spencer, 
and Wm. H. Haigh, assistants; Al- 
bert Spencer, secretary. 

Belief Society — Eliza Spen- 
cer, Pres ; Mary P. Bennion and 
Mary Ann Webster, Counselors; 
Alice -J. Ilarker. secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Joseph S. Lind- 
say, Pres. ; Wm. Harker and James 
Frame, Counselors; John W. Web- 
ster, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Fanny Frame, 
Pres. ; Mary Ann Haigh and Eliza 
betli Frame, Counselors; Georgiana 
Webster, secretary. 

Primary Association — Eliza A. 
Bennion, Pres.; Susan W. Bennion 
and Mary E. Lindsay, Counselors; 
Laura Bennion, secretary. 

HISTORY —'the early history of the North 
Jordan Ward i^ interwoven with that of 
West Jordan, being t lie head -quarters of the 
latter Ward until the spring of ls.V.i, when 
Bishop A. Gardner became Bishop. At 
that time the West Jordan Ward, included 
all that part of Salt Lake County lying west 
of the river Jordan, besides a small tract of 
country on the east side. A branch organi- 
zation was effected at North Jordan with 
John Bennion as presiding Elder, lie acted 
under the direction of Bishop Gardner. El- 
der. John Bennion resigned his position and 
Samuel Bennion succeeded him a^ presiding 
Elder, Sept. 27, 18K3. The latter acted in 
that capacity until June IT, lsTT, when the 
North Jordan branch was organized into a 
"Ward with .Samuel Bennion as Bishop and 
Archibald Frame and Joseph Ilarker as 
Counselors. These brethren were all or- 
dained and set apart on that, occasion, Elder 
Bennion by Bishop Hunter. Tlie Ward 
at that time also comprised most of ihat sec- 
tion of country now included in the Granger 
Ward. July 2J), 1883 Daniel Mediae and 
Samuel Bringhurst, jun., were ordained 



TTigh Priests and set apart to act as Coun- 
selors to Bishop Bennion, instead of Coun- 
selor Frame and Harker; and when Hie 
Granger Ward was organized partly of the 
north district of North Jordan, Feb. 24,1884, 
William Panter was chosen as first Coun- 
selor to Bishop Bennion, instead of Coun- 
selor Mcltae, who was chosen as Bishop of 
the new Ward. The original North Jordan 
Canal (See West Jordan) has been enlarged 
several times until it now is 16 feet wide in 
the bottom . The North Jordan people have 
also taken an aetive part in making the so- 
called South Jordan Canal, which laps the 
river at Bluff Dale at 1 he same point as the 
Salt Lake City Canal. From these two canals 
the people get their main water supply for 
irrigation purposes. 

The present ward house, aline brick build- 
ing, was erected in 1S7S, as an addition to 
the rock school house built some pears pre- 
vious. 

NORTH POINT PRECINCT, es- 
tablished March 19, 1880, of a part 
of Brighton Precinct, is bounded on 
the north by ihe Great Salt Lake, 
separated from Davis County and 
Salt Lake City on the east by the 
river Jordan, bounded on the south 
by Brighton Precinct and west by 
Hunter Precinct. It contains about 
twenty square miles of level country, 
a great deal of which consists of al- 
kali bottoms. This precinct belongs 
to the Brighton Ward and contains 
School District No. 48. The pop- 
ulation of North Point consists of 
about thirty families, all members 
of the Church but one. 

PAPER MILL POST OFFICE is 
the post office name for the Sugar 
House Ward. 

PLEASANT GREEN PRECINCT, 
established July 21, 1874, is bounded 
on the north by the Great Salt 
Lake, east by Hunter Precinct, south 
by North Jordan Precinct and west 
by the summit of the Oquirrh Moun- 
tains, or the county line. It con- 
tains about seventy square miles of 
valley and mountain country, only a 
small portion of which is adapted 
for cultivation. Pop. in 1880, 179. 
.School District No. 47 is included in 
this precinct. 

PLEASANT GREEN WARD com- 
prises the Pleasant Green and Hun- 



300 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



ter Precincts. The ward house, 
which is also used for school pur- 
poses, is located in the centre of a 
fine farming district, about twelve 
miles south-west of Salt Lake City. 
Nearly all the inhabitants are Latter- 
da}' Saints, who all live on their farms 
in a scattered condition. The farm- 
ing lands are watered from the Utah 
& Salt Lake Canal, or cultivated 
without irrigation, good crops being 
raised in some places upon the lat- 
ter principle. Religious meetings 
iare held in the ward house and also 
in the Hunter school house. 

In May, 1**7. the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Lehi X. Hardman Bish- 
op; Hyrum T. Spencer and John 
Hirst, Counselors; Peter LeChemi- 
nant, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum— James C. Ber- 
toch, Pres. 

la i School — I^aac Coon, Pres- 
ident; James Bertoch and Austin M. 
Brown. Counselors; Samuel B. Tay- 
lor, secretary. 

Relief Society — Alvira -'. Hirst, 
Pres. : Ann Bertoch and Nancy Dear- 
den. Counselors; Fanny Jenkins, 
secretary. 

Y. M. & T. L. M. I. A.— Isaac- 
Coon, President; Austin M. Brown 
and James C. Bertoch, Counselors; 
Jane E. spencer, secretar}'. 

History— Lorenzo D. Young was the first 
man who located a stock range in that dis- 
trict of country now included in the Pleasant 
Gre n Ward. He settled at Mill Stone Point, 
about fourteen miles west of Sal; Lake City. 
Sdin ■ time afterwards Joseph Toronto lo- 
cated another stock range at a place known 
in early limes as Toronto's Point, (now 
Spencer's Point), about one mi e west ot 
Mr. Young's range. In the fall of L859, the 
three brothers LeCheminant (Peter, Osmond 
and Edmund) settled 'ear by, and a few 
years later attempts were made at dry farm- 
ing, but this did not prove very profitable. 
Not until after the completion of the (Jlah & 
flail Lake Canal (which terminates at Speii- 

s ]•'- Point,) was farming entered into by 
the Pleasant Green people to any great ex- 
tent. 

The first Bettlers of Pleasant Green 

belonged ecclesiastically to s it Lake City 

when they became a part of the 



Brighton "Ward. John Hirst was the first 
Elder who commenced holding meetings at 
Pleasant Green, and for a number of yean 
services were held in private houses, the 
great distance to the place where meetings 
were held iu the Brighton Ward making it 
inconvenient for the settlers from the west 
side to meetthere. At the time of the reor- 
ganization of the Brighton Ward, July 29, 
1^77, John Hirst was ordained and set apart 
by Pres. D. H. Wells as presiding Priest of 
the Pleasant Green brauch of the Brighton 
Ward. That same year a meeting house 
(the present ward house) was built, and the 
first meeting held in it Dec. 30, 1877. 

At a meeting held at Pleasant Green, April 
15, 1877, the Saints there were counseled to 
keep a record of their own, which ha- been 
done ever since. Elder John Hirst died at 
Pleasant Green, Sept. 7, 1S78; and Lehi 
Nephi Hardman was ordained and set apart 
as presiding IMest in his stead by Daniel H. 
Wells, Sept. 22, L878. 

At a meeting held at Pleasant Green, Sun- 
da Octt 1, 1882, the Pleasant Green branch 
of the Brighton Ward was organized into a 
sepa ate Ward with Lehi N. Hardman as 
Bishop. He was ordained and set apart by 
Apostle Brigham Young, jun. Hyrum T. 
Spencer was ordained and Bet apart by Pres. 
Angus Bf. Cannon as first and John Hirst 
by Joseph E. Taylor as secind Counselor. 
Peter LeCheminant, was appointe I ward 
clerk. 

RED BUTTE CREEK, a clear 
mountain stream, rises near the sum- 
mit of the Wasatch Mountains and 
flows in a south-westerly direction 
through Red Butte Canyon for nearly 
eight miles until it emerges into Salt 
Lake Valley just above Eort Doug- 
las. There a good portion of its 
water is taken into reservoirs and 
used for culinary and irrigation pur- 
poses. The residue of the stream is 
used by the Salt Lake City people, 
for watering gardens. The original 
creek emptied into the Mill Creek 
immediately south of Salt Lake City. 
REVERE SWITCH, a flag station 
on the Bingham Branch ot the D. & 
R. G. Ry. is situated on Bingham 
Creek. oA miles north-east of Bing- 
ham and 19 miles south-west of Salt 
Lake City. 

RIVERTON PRFCINCT, estab- 
lished Dee. 23, 1*79, is bounded on 
the north by South Jordan Precinct, 
separated from Draper Precinct on 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



301 



the east by the river Jordan, bound- 
ed on the south by Bluff Dale Pre- 
cinct and west by Herriman Precinct. 
It contains about twelve square miles 
and includes School District No. 44. 

RIVERTON WARD is coexten- 
sive with Riverton Precinct. The 
ward house, pleasantly situated on 
rising ground, a short distance west 
of the river Jordan, is about nine- 
teen miles south of the Temple Block, 
Salt Lake City. 

In May. 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows. 

Bishopric — O. P. Miller, Bishop ; 
Jesse M. Smith and Gordon 8. Bills, 
Counselors. 

Sunday School — S. L. Howard, 
supt. ; Alexander B. Kidd and Chris- 
tian Pptersen. assistants; Charles 
M. Nokes, secretary. 

There are also a Deacons' qourum, 
improvement associations, etc. 

History— Samuel Green, Timothy Gil- 
bert, Peter N. Garif and Chris. Christensen 
were among the first settlers on the river 
bottom in that section of country now in- 
cluded in the Riverton Ward. Lars Jensen 
was the first settler on the bench, west of 
the river bottom, and built the first house 
at a point about a mile south-west of where 
the Riverton ward house now stands. This 
was in 1870. In the beginning of 1871 work 
was commerced on the South Jordan Canal, 
which had been surveyed the year previous. 
After three years labor, in wh ch John Han- 
sen took a very prominent part, the county 
came to the assistance and completed the 
canal, which taps the river Jordan near the 
"Point of the Mountain", about one mile 
north of the county line, and is about twenty 
miles long. Water was iirst turned into it 
about the year 1876, and from that time the 
bench country began to till up with settlers 
who irrigated their farms from the canal 
water. A few years later, when the Utah & 
Salt Lake Canal was completed, more land 
was. brought under cultivation; hence the 
gradual increase of the population. 

At an early day a branch organization was 
effected, with Nich las t. Silcock as Presi- 
dent, and the little ettlement died Gard- 
nersville, in honor of Bishop Archibald 
Gardner who owned most of the land in the 
neighborhood at t at time. Bro. Silcock pre- 
sided under the West Jordan Bishopric un- 
til the reorganization in 1877, when Gard- 
ners ville lyu omoliditeJ with an I mide 



part of the South Jordan Ward, which was 
organized June 17, 1877. In 1879, when a 
precinct was established, the name of the 
settlement was changed to Riverton. Au- 
other branch organization took place in 1881, 
when Lars Jensen was appointed President 
under the direction of the South Jon Ian 
Bishopric. Alter this meetings were held 
regularly every Sabbath. Elder Jensen pre- 
sided until his death April 23, 1883. Some 
time afterwards Orin P. Miller was placed 
in charge of the branch. He presided until 
Aug. 8, 1886, when Riverton was organ zed 
into a separate Ward, with Orin P. Miller as 
Bishop, and Jesse Morgan Smith and Gordon 
S. Bills as Counselors. 

ROSK CREEK, a small mountain 
stream rises in the Oquirrh Moun- 
tains, near the boundar}- line between 
Salt Lake, Utah and Tooele Counties, 
and flows through Rose Canyon in a 
north-easterly direction for about six 
miles, until it emerges into Salt Lake 
Valley. There it is taken up by the 
Herriman people and used for irriga- 
tion purposes. The creek and can- 
yon were named in honor of a family 
called Rose, who burned coal in the 
canyon at an early day. 

SALT LAKE CITY, the head- 
quarters of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-da}' Saints, the cap- 
ital and metropolis of Utah Territory, 
the judicial seat of Salt Lake County, 
and one of the handsomest cities in 
America, is located on the river Jor- 
dan. 12 miles from the southeast 
sliore of the Great Salt Lake, at 40 
deg. 40 min. 8 sec. north latitude 
and 112 deg. 6 min. 8 sec. west 
Greenwich longitude, in the famous 
Salt Lake Basin, at an altitude of 
4,200 feet above sea level. It 
nestles at the very base of the 
Wasatch Mountains, which, within a 
few miles of tke city, rear their lofty 
snow-capped peaks from 7,000 to 
8,000 feet above, displaying their 
varying beauties of canyon, crag, 
pass and cone; and as they stretch 
far southward, bounding for over 
200 miles the grandest of valleys, 
the paradise of the farmer, horticul- 
turist and fruit-grower. To the 
west and north-west lies the silent, 
mysterious Great Salt Lake, with its 
health-giving miniature sea-breezes 
and exceptional bathing facilities. 



302 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



The area of the city is about four 
miles east and west by three miles 
north and south, and most of the 
streets, which cross each other at 
right angles, are 132 feet wide, and 
are lined by a uniform succession of 
shade and fruit trees, and washed at 
either curb by cold and sparkling 
mountain streams, giving the whole 
city the appearance of a huge grove, 
whose luxuriance of foliage covers 
an attractive collection of marts, 
cottages and villas, with here and 
there a steeple, a dome or a tower of 
some handsome residence standing 
boldly out from amidst the mass of 
trees. 

The shape of the city assumes 
something of the appearance of an 
irregular and broad faced L, the 
angle, an obtuse one, being formed 
by a short western spur of the 
Wasatch range of mountains, the 
south western corner of which the 
city closely hugs. Of late years the 
bouses have crept gradually up the 
foot of the spur, or bench as it is 
called. On this elevated portion of 
the city, the blocks are smaller and 
the streets narrower than in the older 
portion. 

The mean summer temperature 
of the city is about 74 deg., 
but on account of the dry and rare 
atmosphere it is not more oppressive 
than a mean five degrees lower would 
be on the sea level. Although the 
mercury often reads above '.»0 deg. 
in July and August, sunstroke is al- 
most unknown, severe thunders and 
lightnings are infrequent, and the 
nights are uniformly cool. The mean 
temperature in winter is about 32 
deg., and the Salt Laker often has 
occasion to felicitate himself on the 
enjoyment of the pleasantest of win- 
ter weather, when the great eastern 
railways art; blocked up by snow, or 
the mercury at the chief centres of 
population day after day reads from 
lo to 30 deg. below zero. The real 
winter holds from three to six weeks 
oidy. The annual mean is 51 deg., 
and a residence in the city is worth 
the while solely for the agreeableness 
of the climate. 



The present corporate limits of 
Salt Lake City are nearly ten miles 
from east to west, and about five 
miles from north to south. From this, 
however, must be taken the Fort 
Douglass Military Reservation, two 
miles scpiare, situated immediately 
east of the city proper. 

The city is divided into five 'muni- 
cipal wards, and also into twenty-one 
ecclesiastical, or Bishops', Wards. 
The city government is vested in a 
city council composed of a mayor, 
five aldermen — one for each of the 
five municipal wards — and nine coun- 
cilors, who are elected biennially by 
the qualified voters on the second 
Monday in February of each even 
year. At the same election a mar- 
shal, a treasurer, a recorder and an 
assessor and collector are also elect- 
ed, and hold office for two years and 
until their successors are elected. 
About the city are springing up 
various manufacturing industries, all 
calculated to win for it permanen 
prosperity, and maintain its future 
importance as a commercial centre. 
The Salt Lake County Court House 
is situated in the city. In the City 
Hall the Territorial Legislature con- 
venes, there being no State House. 
The District Court of the Third Dis- 
trict holds its sessions in what is 
known as the Wasatch Block, a large 
building constructed for commercial 
purposes ; in the same structure the 
Postoffice is situated. The finest 
public buildings in the city are either 
religious, benevolent, educational, or 
for amusement. There are the Tem- 
ple, Tabernacle and Salt Lake As- 
sembly Hall on the Temple Block, 
besides several fine meeting houses 
in some of the Bishop's Wards. There 
are also St. Mark's Cathedral, St. 
Paul's Chapel, the Presbyterian, 
Methodist, Congregational. Catholic 
and Baptist Churches, and that of 
the so-called Josephite Church, and 
the Jewish Synagogue. The Deseret 
University is a fine educational struc- 
ture, not finished as yet; there 
are also Hammond Hall, the Salt 
Lake Collegiate Institute, St Mary's 
Academy, Rowland Hall, St. Mark's 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



303 



School House and several others. 
One of the finest structures in the 
city. and of recent date, is St. Mary's 
Hospital, situated in the eastern part 
of the city. The Salt Lake Theatre 
and the Walker Opera House are 
the most noted places of amuse- 
ment. 

Among the places of interest is 
the Deseret Museum, opposite the 
Temple Block, south. From the 
numerous curiosities deposited there 
the visitor may form a somewhat 
correct idea of the wonderful re- 
sources of the Rocky Mountain coun- 
try. 

There are three cemeteries: 
the City Cemetery, adjoining which 
is the Jewish ; and the Mount Olivet, 
situated on the bench east of the city 
proper. The two former are north- 
east of the city, but all within the 
corporate limits. 

There are within the limits of the 
city four public places, intended at 
a future time for parks; while the 
old Mill Farm, situated at the south- 
eastern part of the city, was pur- 
chased a few years ago, for park 
purposes, and it is now known as 
the Liberty Park. The park proper 
contains 100 acres; while there are 
ten acres at the south-east corner, in 
which springs rise, and are also era- 
braced in the resort. The work of 
putting it in proper condition has 
barely commenced. 

The city has pleasant hotel ac- 
comodations, insuring comfort at 
reasonable prices; it has excellent 
waters supplied from City Creek by 
means of piping laid under the 
streets, with frequent hydrants and 
head sufficient to force it over the 
tops of the highest buildings. The 
water is largely consumed during 
the year for culinary purposes, and 
in the summer also for the sprinkling 
of lawns, made of easy avail in the 
more thickly settled portion of the 
town by means of water mains. 
There are about thirteen miles of 
main pipes in the city doing service 
for culinary, lawn and lire purposes 
when require I. The mains are 
tapped at regular intervals by hy- 



drants so as to render every assist- 
ance in case of fire. 

The Warm and Hot Springs, noted 
for their health-giving mineral waters 

and for the healing effect upon bath- 
ers, are within the corporate limits 
of the city; the first being connect- 
ed with all parts of the city bystreet 
cars. 

Persons visiting the Great Salt 
Lake, either for the benefit of 
the breeze, for the advantages of 
bathing, or simply for the purpose 
of viewing its surface, lirst go to Salt 
Lake City, from which point there 
is rail communication to the Lake. 
The distance from the city to the 
portions of the lake most frequently 
visited is about twenty miles. 

The city is lighted both by gas and 
by the electric light. Between ten and 
twelve miles of gas mains thread the 
principal streets of the city. 

The Utah Central and Denver & 
Rio Grande Railways connect the city 
with the Union Paciiic and i eu- 
tral Pacific at Ogden, the Union 
Pacific continuing the connection 
from Ogden with the Atlantic States, 
and the latter with the Pacific States. 
The Utah & Northern secures con- 
nection with Idaho and .Montana 
The Denver & Rio Grande also gives 
connection with the Atlantic States 
by its own route, while the Utah 
Central gives connection with the 
more southern settlements of the 
Territory. The Utah & Nevada 
gives communication with the Great 
Salt Lake and mining camps in the 
Oquirrh range, as do the Salt Lake 
Western and the Bingham Branch 
of the D. & R. G. Ry., while the 
camps of Little Cottonwood can be 
reached over the Alta Branch of the 
D. & K. a. Ry., and Park City via 
the Utah Central, Union Paciiic and 
Echo & Park City roads. Tele- 
graphic communication may be had 
over the world by the Western Un- 
ion, wdiile by the Deseret Telegraph 
Company, a local line, Territorial 
cities and towns may be reached. 
The street cars run to all parts of 
the city; telephonic and district tele- 
graph systems are in operation. 



304 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



The population of the city is at 
present estimated to be nearly 
30,000, of which nearly three-fourths 
are members of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-da}' Saints. 

HlSTOBY.— Salt Lake City was first settled 
by a company of Latter day Saints, under 
the leadership of Pres. Brlgham Young. 
This company is known in local hi-tory as 
the Pioneers. They were the advance guard 
of the large body of Saints who were ex- 
patriated from Nauvoo, Hancock County, 
Illinois, in the spring of 1846. The Pioneers, 
numbering 143 men,3 women and 2 children, 
left the Missouri River at Winter Quarters, 
(now Florence, Nebraska) in April, 1847, 
with To wagons, and were joined by about a 
dozen other persons on the journey. Orson 
Pratt and Brastus Snow, two of the Pioneers, 
entered the valley of the Great Salt Lake 
through Emigration Canyon, about five 
miles south-east of the city, July 21st of the 
same year, Mr. Pratt being the first to set 
foot on the present site of Salt Lake City. 
Tne day following the main body of the 
Pioneers entered the valley, and encamped 
two or three miles south of the city, moving 
the camps northward and camping on the 
spot now known as Washington, or the 
Eighth Ward, Square, on the 23d. Presi- 
dent Young, who had been delayed because 
of prostration caused by an attack of moun- 
tain fever, entered the valley with Ihe re- 
mainder of the Pioneers, on the 24th. On 
the 29th about 150 members of the Mormon 
Battalion, consisting of detachments of sick, 
who had wintered at Pueblo on the Arkan- 
sas River, also arrived, accompanied by a 
party of Saints numbering some fifty souls, 
the latter having started from .Mississippi in 
1846, and wintered at Pueblo. The Battalion 

was under charge Of Captains .lane s Brown 
and Nelson Higgnis and Lieutenant Wesley 

W. Willis. A ten-acre fort of logs and 
adobes w;is built on what is now known as 
the Old Fori Square in the sixth Ward. 
Two additions. the North Fort and the South 
Fort, were subsequently made, the original 
ten-acre fort being too small to accomodate 
all the people. 

Elder Tarleton Lewis was appoint- 
ed Bishop in the Middle Fort, Edward 
Hunter in the South Fort and Joseph B. 
Noble in the North Fort. 

In the fall of the year 1847, nearly two 
thousand other immigrants followed the 
Pioneers, coming mainly from Winter Quar- 
ters and immediate vicinity. In August, 
1847, the survey of a city was commenced, 
and at a meeting held Aug. 22, 1847, it was 



decided to call the new town site the' "City of 
the Great Salt Lake," this, sometime after- 
wards, took the form of Great Salt Lake City. 
The city was laid off into blocks of 10 acres 
each, or 40 rods square, the streets inter- 
secting each other at right angles, with a 
total width of eight rods, including 20 
feet of sidewalk on either side of the street. 

In March, 1848, the Great Salt Lake City 
fort contained 42:: houses and 1. (ill souls. 
Their farming field consisted of 5,133 acres 
of land, of which 875 acres were sown with 
winter wheat. About this time a post office 
was established with Jos. L. Heywood as 
postmaster. On the 25th of March the first 
public meeting was held on the Temple 
Block. 

In consequence of the scanty harvest of 
1848 breadstuff and other provisions became 
very scarce in the valley, and many of the 
people were compelled to eat rawhides and 
to diu r sego roots for months upon which to 
subsist previous to the harvest of 1848. In 
the fall of that year Pres. Brigham Young, 
Heber C. Kimball, Willard Richards and 
Amasa M. Lyman arrived in the valley with 
large companies of Saints. 

In the spring of 1849 most of the people 
who had wintered in the fort moved out 
onto their city lots, or into the adjoining 
country. At the General Conference held 
in October, 1849, a Carrying Company, for 
carrying goods from the Missouri River to 
the valley and also to run a passenger train 
was organized. About five hundred wagons 
and fourteen hundred Saints arrived in the 
valley in 1849, besides a number of California 
emigrants who, during their stay in the Ter- 
ritory, were converted to "Mormonism"and 
remained with tin; Saints. 

June 15, 1850, the first number of the 
Deseret News, the first paper published in 

the Rocky .Mountains, was issued in Great 
Salt Lake City; Willard Richards, editor. 

At the General Conference held in the city 
in October, 1853, the Bishops of the various 
Wards reported 5,979 members of the 
Church in the city, besides a few non-Mor- 
mons, in I860 the population had increased 
lo about 9,000, in 1870 to 12,854 and in 1880 
to 20,7(;."». 

Great Salt Lake City was incorporated by- 
act of the General Assembly of the Pro- 
visional State of Deseret, approved Jan. 19, 
1851. The legislature of the Territory of 
Utah, by joint resolution, approved Oct. 4, 
1851, adopted or legalized the laws of the 
Provisional Government of Deseret. The 
incorporation act of Jan. 20, 1860, repealed 
the previous incorporation act, but confirmed 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



305 



the old boundary lines, -with the exception 
of a few slight changes intended to secure 
greater dctiniteness. The incorporation 
limits were about eight miles east and west, 
and a trifle over six miles north and south. 
An act, approved Jan. 18, 1807, removed the 
•western boundary line from the banks of 
the Jordan River to a line running due north 
and south, averaging about two miles west 
of the river. An aet, approved Jan. 29, 1868, 
changed the names of Great Salt Lake City 
and County to Salt Lake City and Salt Lake 
County. An act, approved Feb. 15, 1872, 
removed the south line, east of the Jordan 
River, northward to 10th South Street, 
thus excluding nearly all of the Five Acre 
Survey. 

The first municipal officers of the city 
were appointed by the governor and legis- 
lature, Jan. 9. 1851. Jedediah M.Grant was 
appointed mayor; X. H. Felt, William Snow, 
Jesse P. Harmon and N. V. Jones, alder- 
men; Vincent Shurtliff, B. L. Clapp, Zera 
Pulsipher, Win. G. Perkins, Lewis Robison, 
Harrison Burgess, Jeter Clinton, John L. 
Dunyon and Samuel Richards, councilors; 
Robert Campbell, recorder, and Elam Lud- 
dington, marshal. On the 11th the officers 
took the oath of office, and the city council 
apportioned the city into four municipal 
wards. 

Mayor Grant died Dec. 1, 1856, and A. O. 
Smoot succeeded him. He served as mayor 
ten years, or until 1806, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Daniel H. Wells, who also served 
ten years, after which Hon. Feramorz Little 
served six years, (from 1876 to 18S2), Win. 
Jennings two years (1882-84), and James 
Sharp two years (1S84-86). The present 
incun bent, Francis Armstrong, has served 
since Feb. 1886. 

Great Salt Lake City, naturally, was the 
capital or central point of the country in its 
vicinity. An act of the Legislative Assembly 
of the Territory, however, approved Oct. 4, 
1851, made Fillmore, in Millard County, 
about 130 miles south of the city, the cap- 
ital of the Territoey, at which place one 
wing of a State house was subsequently 
built. Later, on Dec. 15, 1856, the seat of 
government was removed to Salt Lake City, 
and it has remained there from that date up 
to the present period. 

The increase in the population of the city 
has been steady and pronounced from the 
first, although its development, like that of 
the whole Territory, was necessarily slow. 
because of the great hardships which had to 
be borne from drouth and other difficulties 
in earlier times, because of a lack of suffi- 



cient food for a number of years in Pioneer 
days, and because of the great distance — 
about a thousand miles — between Salt Lake 
City and any civilized point outside Utah. 
For years, nearly the only money brought 
into the Territory was by immigrants com- 
ing and passing through, many of whom, 
while on their way to California, were glad 
to dispose of surplus articles at a nominal 
price, and in exchange for articles of food 
that could be had in Utah. 

At the General Conference held April 7, 
1851, it was voted to build a Temple iu 
Great Salt Lake City. Feb. 14, 1853, the 
Temple Block was dedicated and the ground 
broken for the foundation of the Temple, 
the corner stones of which were laid April 
6tb following. June 16, 1854, the workmen 
began to lay the foundation, which was com- 
pleted July 23,1855. Aug. 15, 1854, a wall, 
which yet remains, was completed around 
the Temple Block. The Endowment House 
was built in 1855 and dedicated May 5th of 
that year. 

In the spring of 1851 school houses were 
built iu most of the Wards in the city, and 
also in the country Wauls. 

May 21, 1851, work was commenced on the 
structure subsequently known as the Old 
Tabernacle. The building was dedicated 
April 6, 1852, and was used for religious 
worship until 1879, when it was pulled down 
to make room for the present Salt Lake As- 
sembly Hall. The building now known as 
the Big Tabernacle, on the Temple Block, 
was completed in 1867. 

The first legislature of Utah Territory 
convened in Great Salt Lake City, Sept. 22, 
1851. The "University of the State of Des- 
eret" was opened in the city Nov. 11, 1851. 
In February, 1852, the Territorial Library 
was opened in the Council House, with Wm. 
C. Staines as librarian. Congress had ap- 
propriated 5,000 towards the purchase of 
books, which were selected by Delegate J. 
M. Bernhisel. Sept. 3. 1852. the first com- 
pany of Perpetual Emigrating Fund immi- 
grants arrived in the city from Europe with 
31 wagons; A. O. Smoot captain. 

In 1853 the "Spanish Wall" was built 
around the city. It was twelve feet high, 
six feet thick at the base, tapering to two 
feet six inches six feet from the ground, and 
preserving that thickness to the top. It 
was nine miles in length. This wall was 
built as a protection against the Indians. 

A mass meeting was held in the city Jan. 
31, 1854, for the purpose of takng steps to- 
wards memorializing Congress to construct 
a national railroad from the Missouri River 



300 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



via the South Pass mid G. S. L. City, to the 
Pacific. In the following March Ellas Smith 
Buccceded the late W ilia nl Richards as post- 
mastcr. Aug. 31, 1854, Col. E.J.Steptoe 
arrived in the city with about one hundred 
ami seventy live soldiers. 

In 1855 the County Court House, "Lion 
House" and other noted public and private 
buildings were i rected in the city. 

At a mass meeting held in the ciy, Jan. 
26, I85G, steps were taken !<>r organizing the 
]>. Y. Express Carrying Company, to carry 
a daily exprss from the Missouri River to 
California. Jn subsequent meetings shares 
were taken to stock a thousand miles of the 
road. 

An ordinance providing for the organiza- 
tion of a Fire Department was passed by the 
city council, Oct. 17, 1856. -Jesse C. Little 
was appointed chief engineer. 

Sepi. 26, 1856, the first two companies of 
immigrating Saints which crossed the plains 
with hand carts arrived ill the city, in charge 
of Edmund EUsworth and I). D. McArthur. 
Other companies which followed— notably 
James G Willie's company, which arrived 
Nov. 9th, and Edward Martin's company, 
which arrived Nov. 30th, of that year— suf- 
fered extremely from cold and hardships 
before reaching the valley. 

July 24, 1857, while the people of Great 
Salt Lake City and vicinity celebrated the 
10th anniversary of the arrival of the Pio- 
neers by a least in Big Cottonwood Canyon, 
Mr. Judson Stoddard arrived from Inde- 
pendence, Mo., and reported that General 
Harney with 2,000 infantry, and a propor- 
tionate number of artillery and cavalry, were 
ordered to Utah. A few days later the Utah 
militia was ordered to be kept in readiness 
for an expedition to the mountains, to pre- 
vent the entering of the approaching army, 
if necessary, and on the 15th of August Col. 
Robert T. Burton and J. W. Cummings 
started east with 70 men for the purpose of 
protecting tin' immigrant trains and making 
observations in regard to the approaching 

army. 

Capt. Stewart Van Vliet, of Gen. Harney's 
staff, arrived in the City Sept. 8th, and the 
following day had an interview with Presi- 
dent Young. Atter a few day's stay he re- 
turned to his escort on Ham's Fork and 
proceeded from there to Washington, where 
he used his influence in favor of the Saints. 
Sept. loth, Governor Brighnm Toung de- 
clared the Territory of Utah under martial 
law and forbade the troops to enter Great 
Salt Lake Valley. Large numbers of armed 
militia were ordered to Echo Canyon and 
other points to intercept the soldiers and 
prevent their access to the valley. 



Jan. 16, 1858, a large mass meeting of 
citizens was held in the Tabernacle, in 

which a petition and resolution, setting forth 
the true slate of affairs in Utah, were adopt- 
ed and, on motion, sent to the U. S. govern- 
ment at Washington. Col. Thos. L. Kane 
arrived in the City by way of California, 
Feb. 24, 1858. He came voluntarily for the 
purpose of bringing about a peaceful solu- 
tion of the existing difficulties between the 
United States and Utah. After consulting 
with Gov. Young and other leading citizens 
In' went out to the army, which was en- 
camped at Ft. Seott, (near Ft.' Bridger). 
There he had an interview with the new 
governor, Alfred (,'umining, who concluded 
to go with him to the city. In company 
with Col. Kane he arrived in the city April 
12, 1858 and was kindly received by Pics. 
Young and other leading citizens and treat- 
ed everywhere with "respectful attention." 
On the 19th he and Col. Kane visited the 
Utah library, where J. W. Cummings showed 
thein the records and seal of the U. S. Dis- 
trietCourt, said to have been destroyed, and 
which was assigned as one of the reasons for 
ordering the army to Utah. A few days 
later the governor sent a truthful report to 
the Federal government, in relation to the 
existing difficulties, proving that the "Mor- 
mons" were loyal to the Federal Govern- 
ment and that the sending of the expedition 
to Utah was a mistake. 

At a public meeting held in the city March 
21, 1S58, the citizens agreed to leave their 
homes and go south, all the information de- 
rived from the eastern papers being to the 
effect that the approaching army was sent to 
destroy them. This resolution was carried 
into effect in April and .May following, when 
all the citizens of northern Utah abandoned 
their homes and moved southward, leaving 
only a few men in every settlement to burn 
everything in case the approaching troops 
on their arrival in the valley should prove 
hostile. About one hundred men were left 
inthe city for that purpose. The destination 
of the people, when they started, was by 
some supposed to be Sonoro, Mexico, but 
most of them located temporarily in Utah 
County. 

June 7, 1858, L. "W. Powell, of Kentucky, 
and Ben. McCullough, of Texas, sent as 
peace commissioners by the Federal govern- 
ment, arrived in the city. On the llth they 
met in council with Pres Y'oung and other 
leading men in the Council House, and after 
considerable discussion the existing difficul- 
ties were peaceably adjusted. 

June 20, 1858, the soldieis, under Col. 
Johnston, passed through the city and camped 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



307 



on the west side of the river Jordan, 
They subsequently marched to Cellar Valley, 
in Utah County, where they located Camp 
Floyd. Soon after the arrival of the troops 
the citizens returned to their homes. 

In the spring of 18(i0, the experiment of 
the "Pony Express" from the Missouri 
River to the Pacific Ocean was made. The 
first Pony Express from the west left Sacra- 
mento City, Cal., at 1:2 p. m. on the night of 
April 3rd and arrived in Great Salt Lake 
City at 11: 45 p. m, on the 11th; fromtheeast it 
left St. Joseph, Mo., at 0: 30 on the evening 
of April 3rd. and arrived in Great Salt Lake 
City at 0: 25 on the evening of the 9th. 

In October, 1861, the Overland Telegraph 
Line was completed to Salt Lake City both 
from the east and west. On the ISth Pres- 
Young sent the first telegram which passed 
over the line east, and the first telegram was 
6ent to San Francisco on the 24th. 

In October, 1862, Col. P. E. Connor arrived 
in Great Salt Lake City, and two days later 
located Camp Douglas. During the year 
1S63 bitter feelings existed between these 
troops and the citizens. 

In the earlier years of the settlement of 
the city there was a depression in business 
every winter. Merchandise was supplied 
almost entirely by ox-teams from the Mis- 
souri River, 1,000 miles east, which could 
make the trip only twice in a summer. The 
greater portion of the goods thus brought 
were generally sold out as early as Christ- 
mas, or soon after, and the market was con- 
sequently bare of them until a further sup- 
ply could be had, while the prices all kinds 
of imported articles commanded in these 
days would seem fabulous. The discovery 
and development of gold mines in Montana, 
Idaho and other adjacent places in 1863, and 
later years, caused considerable business m 
Salt Lake and secured very hi^h prices for 
Utah products. Wheat went as high as $5 
and $6 per bushel; flour commanded prices 
ranging all the way from #12 to $25 per 100 
pounds; while other things were held pro- 
portionately. In 1^09 the construction and 
opening of the Union Pacific and Central 
Pacific Railroads, and latterly the Utah Cen- 
tral, and the discovery and development of 
valuable lead and silver mines in the Terri- 
tory, introduced a most notable era of pros- 
perity. This was followed by the pro- 
nounced depression in business, experienced 
over the whole country in 1ST3-4, from which 
Salt Lake City early recovered, only to suffer 
gradual but equally stringent depression ten 
years later. 

Jan. 8, 18(16, the City Hall on the corner of 
1st South and 1st East Streets wus dedicated. 



Oct. 10, 1S68, Zion's Co-operative Mercan- 
tile Institution commenced operations in 
the city. 

Jan. 10, 1870, the capital of Utah was put 
in closer communication with the outside 
world by the completion of the Utah Central 
Railway. 

In 1873 Salt Lake City was first lighted 
with gas. 

On Wednesday Aug. 20, 1877, Pres. Brig- 
ham Young died at his residence, in Salt 
Luke City. 

Salt Lake City was originally watered by 
City Creek, Red Butte and Emigration 
Creeks, but as the population of the city in- 
creased these streams were found to lie in- 
adequate for culinary and irrigation pur- 
poses. Consequently, by act of the Legisla- 
ture, approved Feb. 20, 1880, the city coun- 
cil was authorized to borrow £2.")0,000 to con- 
struct a canal, tapping the Jordan River at a 
point about twenty-five miles south of the 
city, to furnish the city with water and sup- 
ply those needing it for irrigating purposes, 
at the same time releasing the nearer and 
better streams for culinary purposes. This 
canal was finished in 1881, having traversed 
the eastern side of the valley, and costing 
about $200,000. 

Salt Lake City has always been the most 
important city in Utah Territory commer- 
cially as well as in other respects. It has 
also been the centre of mining interests and 
the earliest mining developments of the 
Territory. For further information see 
Church Chronology, by Andrew Jenson,pp. 
31-112. 

—FIRST WARD is separated from 
the Tenth Ward on the north by (ith 
South Street, bounded on the east by 
the Fort Douglas Military Reserva- 
tion, on the south by the limits of the 
city — Roper Street — and separated 
from the Second Ward on the west 
by 6th Fast Street. It comprises the 
south-east corner of Salt Lake City 
and ha' 1 a population of 520 in 1880. 
Narly all the inhabitants are Latter- 
day Saints. The only public build- 
ing in the Ward is the ward house, 
a fine brick building, 50x37 feet, 
erected in 1872, at a cost of about 
$7,000. It is situated on 8th East 
Street, between 7th and 8th >outh 
"treets. A district school honse 
joins it on the south side. 

In May, 18K7, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
ows: 



:;o« 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Bishopric — Joseph Warburton, 
Bishop ; Joseph Booth and John T. 
Thorup, < ounselors ; Charles Brown, 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Ileber D. Mit- 
chell, President; William EL War- 
burton and Robert Siddoway, Coun- 
selors. 

Sunday School — Niels Rasinussen, 
supt. ; Joseph Stay and Win. T. 
Jack, assistants; James D. Van Tas- 
sell, secretary. 

Relief Society — Margaret Steele, 
Pres. ; Anne Young and Jane Van 
Tassell, Counselors; Anna Kem- 
merly, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A — Wm. T. Jack, 
Pres.; Arnold II. Schulthess and 
James Young, Counselors ; Millard 
F. Eakle, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A.— Bertha Wilckin, 
Pres. ; Nellie Powell and Lydia John- 
son, Counselors ; Marian Adams, 
secretary. 

Primary Association — Alice M. B. 
Fletcher. Pres. ; Mary W. Musser 
and Phebe Adams, Counselors; Jane 
Swift, secretary. 

HISTORY— The First Ward contained 
originally only nine 10-acre blocks, but as 
the adjacent blocks were settled up, the 
Ward limits were extended both east and 
south. The last change of boundary lines 
was effected Jan. 3, 1883, when it was decided 
by the Presidency of the Stake to change 
the boundary between the First Ward and 
the 8ugar House Ward so as to conform 
with the precinct boundary, which runs on 
a line east and west along Roper Street, 
sometimes called 10th South Street. This is 
the street running south of Pres. Geo. Q. 
Cannon's farm, on the Jordan Biver, north 
of the late John Van Cott's farm and near 
Dr. Young's lunatic asylum on the bench. 

There being no old records of the Ward in 
existence, and all the original settlers having 
moved away, we have been unsuccessful in 
obtaining the names of the first settlers, nor 
could we get the particulars in regard to 
some of the first presiding officers. Prom 
the documentary history of the Church and 
other sources, however, the following in- 
formation has been obtained: 

David Fairbanks (now of Payson, Utah 
Co.) was the first Bishop of the Ward. He 
was ordained and set apart to that position 
Feb. 22, 184!). His Counselors were a. 
Dame and a Brother Henry. Bishop Fair- 



hanks was succeeded by Peter McCue who 
was ordained Bishop of the Ward July 13, 
1851. Elders James McCue and James Hous- 
ton are supposed to have been his Coun- 
selors. 

Bishop McCue apostatized and subse- 
quently joined the Morrisites, and at the 
General Conference in April, 1856, Henry 
Moon was voted to be Bishop of the Ward. 
He was ordained Oct. 21, 1650. Hugh Moon 
and James Houston (the latter ordained 
Oct. 21, 1856) were his Counselors. They 
were both called on the Southern Utah Mis- 
sion in 1861,andJos. Warburton and Edmund 
Ellsworth were then appointed tkranselors 
in their stead. They were, however, not 
ordained High Priests at that time, but acted 
by virtue of their calling as Seventies. 

Counselor Ellsworth also moved away, 
and on Jan. 24, 1S07, Cisson A. Chase was 
ordained second Counselor to Bishop Moon. 

Early in the year 1870 Bishop Moon re- 
moved to Davis County, and on Nov. 14, 1870, 
Counselor Joseph Warburton was ordained 
a High Priest by Bishop Edward Hunter, 
and by Pres. Brigham Young appointed ac- 
ting Bishop of the Ward. He chose for his 
Counselors Cisson A. Chase and Hezekiah 
Mitchell. Elder Chase died April 4, 1N72> 
and Elder Mitchell Sept, 25, 1S72. Bishop 
Warburton then chose Joseph Booth as first 
and Alexander Steele as second Counselors 
in their stead. 

June 7, 1877, the Ward was reorganized 
under the direction of Apostle John Taylor. 
Joseph Warburton was ordained Bishop, 
and Joseph Booth and Alexander Steele 
were ordained High Priests and set apart as 
first and second Counselors, Apostle Taylor 
officiating in all instances. This Bishopric 
stood intact until Jan. 23, 1887, when Elder 
John T. Thorup was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart to act as second Counselor in 
the place of Alexan der Steele who was ab- 
sent on a mission to Scotland. 

—SECOND WARD is separated 
from the Ninth Ward on the north 
by 6th South Street, from the First 
Ward on the East by Gth East Street ; 
bounded on the south by the limits 
of the city and separated on the west 
from the Third Ward by 3rd East 
Street. It contains nine 10-acre 
blocks and a farming district and 
had 273 inhabitants in 1880, nearly 
all Latter-day Saints. A number of 
the people are of Scandinavian des- 
cent. A pottery and match factory 
were doing tolerable good business in 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



309 



the Ward. The public buildings are 
the ward house (a brick building, 
53x30 feet, erected in 1883, and 
dedicated Nov. 21, 1886), a school 
house and a Relief Society Hall. 
The ward house is situated on the 
south side of 7th ;~outh Street, be- 
tween 4th and 5th East Streets. The 
school house, an adobe building, is 
on the opposite side of the street. 
The famous Liberty Park, recently 
purchased by Salt Lake City for a 
pleasure resort, is partly in the 
Second and partly in the First Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding 
officers of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — Samuel Petersen, Bish- 
op ; James Leach and William Hart, 
Counselors. 

Deacons' Quorum — Ernest K. Bas- 
sett, Pres. ; James Hansen and 
Franklin Branting, Counselors. 

Sunday School — Geo. K. Reese, 
supt. ; Hans feorensen and Andrew 
Petersen, assistants; Ernest K. Bas- 
sett, secretary. 

Belief Society — Sarah -mith 
Wheeler, Pres. ; Ann McGregor 
and Augusta Leach, Counselors ; 
Sarah E. Mitchell, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Chas. H. Bas- 
sett, Pres. ; Hans Sorensen and An- 
thonj' Robinson, Counselors; D. B. 
Richards, secretary. 

T.L.M. LA .—Sarah E. Mitchell, 
Pres. ; Millie P. Bassett and Sarah 
Pope, Counselors ; Nora Bassett, 
secretary. 

Primary Association — Phebe Clark 
Young, Pres. ; Johanne Olsen and 
Emily Hart, Counselors ; Hannah 
Olsen, secretary. 

History — The Ward was first organized 
in February, 1S49, with John Lowry as Bish- 
op. He was ordained Feb. 22, 1S49. His 
Counselors were Elisha H. Groves and Jos. 
C. Kingsbury. Bishop Lowry moved south, 
and at the General Conference in April, 1S51, 
Joseph C. Kingsbury was voted to be Bishop 
of the Ward. He was ordained July 13, 
1851. On the same day Peter Dustiu was 
ordained first Counselor and on Nov. 22, 
1851, Moses Clawson was ordained second 
Counselor to Bishop Kingsbury. 

In 1852 Moses Clawson was sent on a mis- 
sion to Europe, and Isaac Hill succeeded 
him as second Counselor. 



Bishop Kingsbury having removed to Og- 
den, Counselor Hill was ordained Bishop of 
the Ward by Edward Hunter, Dec. 28, 1854. 
The same day Wm. Wheeler and Niels Jen- 
sen were ordained to be his Counselors. 

Bishop Hill being called on a mission to 
Canada a few years later (1857), Counselor 
Wheeler had temporary charge of the Ward 
during his absence. The Bishop returned 
from his mission the following year. 

Counselor Niels Jensen died May 5, I860, 
and Seven Iversen succeeded him as second 
Counselor, being set apart to that position 
May 24, 1860. 

In 18(34 Counselor Wheeler was called on a 
mission to England About the same time 
Bishop Isaac Hill moved away, and Phinehas 
Howe Young was ordained Bishop of the 
Ward Dec 1, 1S04. On the same day James 
Leach was ordained and set apart as his first 
and Soren Iversen as his second Counselor. 

Counselor Iversen being called on a mis- 
sion to Scandinavia in 1805, Daniel Corbett 
succeeded him as second Counselor. I 
was ordained March 22, 1SG6, and continued 
in that position until called on a mission to 
Canada in 1868. He was then succeeded by 
Elder Wm. Wheeler (who had returned 
from his mission to Europe two years pre- 
vious) as second Counselor. 

Bishop Young and Counselor Wheeler 
removed to Summit County in 1871, after 
which Counselor Leach presided as acting 
Bishop for six years, with Daniel Corbett 
and Soren Iversen as Counselors. 

At a meeting held in the ward house, June 
8, 1877, a reorganization of the Ward took 
place, when Samuel Petersen was ordained 
Bishop with James Leach and Wm. L Ball 
as Counselors. Elder Petersen was ordained 
by Apostle John Taylor, Elder Leach by 
Geo. Q. Cannon and Elder Ball by Pres. 1). 
Q.£alder. 

March 27, 1881, Wm. Hart was ordained 
a High Priest and set apart as second Coun- 
selor to Bishop Petersen, instead of Coun- 
selor Ball who had removed from the Ward. 
—THIRD WARD is separated 
from the Eighth Ward on the north 
by Gth South Street, from the Second 
Ward on the east by 3rd East Street, 
bounded on the south by the limits 
of the city — Roper Street — and sep- 
arated from the Fourth Ward on the 
Avest by East Temple street. It 
contains nine 10-acre blocks and a 
farming district and had 477 inhabi- 
tants in 1880. About two-thirds of 
the people are Latter-day Saints. 



310 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



The ward house, a brick structure 
50x28 feet, was finished in 1883. It 
is located on 8th South Street, be- 
tween 1st and 2nd East Streets. There 
is also a small lumber school house, a 
Relief Society Hall, four stores, a 
number of shops of various kinds, 
and in airy neat and comfortable resi- 
dences. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Jacob Weiler, Bishop ; 
John Y. Smith and Thomas Maycock, 
Counselors; John Wayman, ward 
clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Peter Sorensen, 
Pres. 

Sunday School — James Eardley, 
supt. ; Francis Bolto and Walter 
Grames, assistants ; Thomas Curtis, 
secretary. 

Belief Society — Elizabeth Weiler, 
Pres. ; Frances Smith, Counselor ; 
Sylvia Eardley, secretary. 

Y. M. M I. A.— Thomas Curtis, 
Pres. ; John T. Williams and Reuben 
H. Eardley, Counselors ; Franklin J. 
Hewlett, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A.— Sylvia Eardley, 
Pres. ; Emily P. Weiler, Agnes 
Bolto and Mary Jane Gleason, Coun- 
selors; Dorthea Sorensen, secretary. 

Primary Association — Louisa Maj'- 
cock, Pres. ; Elizabeth Weiler and 
Jane H. Gleason, Counselors ; Dellie 
Eardley, secretary. 

HISTORY — The Ward was first organized 
in February, 1849, with Christopher "Williams 

as Bishop. He was ordained to that posi- 
tion Feb 22, 1840. Hyrinii N. Bingham and 
Timothy Foot -were bis Counselors. They 
both moved away and were succeeded by 
Jacob "Weiler and Albert Gregory. The 
latter was ordained Jan. 4, 1853. 

At the General Conference held in G. S. L. 
City in April, 1856, Jacob Weiler was voted 
to be Bishop of the Ward. He was ordained 
Oct. 21, 1856. Samuel Edwards (ordained 
Dec. 9, 1850) anil John M. Murdock (ordained 
Oct. 21, 185G) were chosen as his Counselors. 

In 1859 Elder Edwards moved away and 
John M. Murdock was promoted to the 
position of first Counselor, while Wm. Wag- 
staff (ordained Dec. 29, 1859) was called to 
act as second Counselor. 

Elder Murdock having removed to Provo 



Valley, Elder Wm. Wagstaff succeeded him 
as first Counselor, and Thomas Maycock 
was called to the position of second Coun- 
selor, Nov. 20, 1861. 

Counselor Wagstaff having removed to 
the Sugar House Ward, John Wayman was 
ordained first Counselor in his stead, April 
27, 1871. 

An effort was made to reorganize the 
Ward in the evening of June 10, 1877, at a 
meeting where Elders John Taylor and Geo. 
Q. Cannon and Pres. David O. Calder were 
present, but as a misunderstanding arose in 
regard to who should be chosen Bishop the 
Ward was left under the temporary charge 
of Elder John H. Picknell, until Dec. 23, 
1877, when a reorganization was effected. 
On that occasion Jacob Weiler (the former 
Bishop) was sustained as Bishop and John 
Y. Smith and Thomas Maycock as his Coun- 
selors. Elder Smith was ordained a High 
Priest and set apart by Pres. D. O. Calder. 

--FOURTH WARD is separated 
from the Seventh Ward on the north 
by Gth >outh Street, from the Third 
Ward on the east by East Temple 
Street, bounded on the south by the 
limits of the city — Roper Street — 
and separated from the Fifth Ward 
on the west by 2nd West Street, 
Only six 10-acre blocks are inhab- 
ited, the southern part of the Ward 
consisting of farming land and pas- 
tures. The Ward had 391 inhab- 
itants in 1880, of which the great 
majority are Latter-day Saints. The 
only public buildings are the ward 
house, a fine brick structure 5.">x31 
feet, and a school house, built of 
adobes, formerly used for all kinds 
of public gatherings. The two build- 
ings are situated on the corner of 
West Temple and 7th South Streets. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — Harrison Sperry, Bish- 
op ; Thos. Corless and Charles 
Knight, Counselors ; Wilford Smith, 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorums — 1st Quorum: 
Jos. Mitchell, Pres. ; Frank Smith 
and Harrison Speny, jun., Coun- 
selors. 2nd Quorum : Wm. Hard- 
man, Pres. ; Frank Cutler and James 
Glen, Counselors ; John Cutler, 
secretary. 

Sunday School — Robert R. Irvine, 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



311 



aen., supt. ; Peter Erickson and 
David Woodmansee, assistants ; 
Frank Cutler, secretary. 

Relief Society — Elizabeth Preece, 
Pres. : Jane Smith, Counselor. 

Y. M. M. I. A. Robert R. Irvine, 
sen., Pres.; Chas. Worthen and 
Daniel Hunter, Counselors ; Robert 
R. Irvine, jun., secretary. 

Y. L. M. LA. Mary Ann Had- 
ley, Pres. ; Mary Aun Lambert and 
Anna Erickson, Counselors ; Edith 
Weiler, secretary. 

Primary Association Mahala Jen- 
kins, Pres. ; Louie Smith, Counselor. 

History— The first settlers of the Ward 
were Edward Corless and family, Mary 
Mosely and family and George Bundy, who 
moved out of the fort in the fall of 1848. 
Edward Corless bnilt the first house in the 
Ward. In the spring of 1849, John Wake- 
ley, Geo. Allen, "Father" Jenkins, John 
Preece and others built houses in the Ward. 
In the spring of 184!) a Ward organization 
was effected with Benjamin Brown as Bish- 
op, and John M. Wakeley and John Preece 
as Counselors. These brethren were all or- 
dained and.' et apart to their positions, April 
8, 1S40. Some time afterwards Counselor 
Wakeley removed from the. Ward, when 
John Preece was promoted to the position 
of first Counselor. While Bishop Brown 
was absent on a mission to Europe in 1853-55 
Counselor Preeee had temporary charge of 
the 1 v :u -d 

July 15, 1856, Wm. Edwards was set apart 
to act as second Counselor to Bishop Brown. 
He held this position until Oct. 13, 1S57, 
when Harrison Sperry was ordained second 
Counselor in his stear 1 . 

Feb. 8, 1866, Thomas Jenkins was ordained 
Bishop of the Ward. John Preece was get 
apart to act as his first Counselor March 22, 
I860, and Harrison Sperry to the position of 
second Counselor Aug. 23, ISfifi. 

Bishop Jenkins resigned in 1874, and on 
April 27, 1875, Bishop Wm. Thorn, of the 
Seventh Ward, was appointed to take tem- 
porary charge of the Ward; but a few weeks 
later (May 20, 1875,) Counselor Harrison 
Sperry was ordained Bishop. He acted 
without Counselors until Jan. 11, 1877, 
when John Preefe was ordained to be his 
first and Thomas Corless his second Coun- 
selor. 

At the reorganization of the Ward, Oct. 
24, 1877, the present Bishopric was sustained, 
namely Harrison Sperry, Bishop; Thos. Co - 



less, first, and Charles Knight, second Coun- 
selors. Elder Corless was ordained and set 
apart by Pres. D. 0. Calder and Elder 
Knight by Jos. E. Taylor. 

—FIFTH WARD is separated 
from the Sixth Ward on the north 
by 6th South Street, from the Fourth 
Ward on the east by 2nd West Street, 
bounded on the south by the limits 
of the city — Roper Street — on the 
west by the river Jordan. It com- 
prises the south-west part of Salt 
Lake City, and had 340 inhabitants 
in 1880. Nearly the whole popula- 
tion are Latter-day Saints. The 
only public building in the Ward is 
the meeting house, a neat one story 
adobe structure, 50x30 feet, which 
is also used for school and other pur- 
poses. It is situated on the corner 
of 3rd West and 7th South Streets. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Samuel M. T. Seddon, 
Bishop; Charles J. Priday and Henry 
Harrow, Counselors ; L. Moth Iver- 
sen, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum. — John Brimley, 
Pres. ; Charles F. Stokes and Robert 
Cowan. Counselors. 

Sunday School — Geo. Clark, supt. ; 
John Woodbury and Archibald Free- 
bairn, assistants; Mary Pettit, secre- 
tary. 

Belief Society — Ann Brimley, 
Pres. ; Sarah Turnbow and Elizabeth 
Clark, Counselors ; Louisa Davey, 
secretary. 

Y. M. M. L A.—F. A. Colclough, 
Pres. ; Andrew Cowan and Robert 
Cowan, Counselors; Alma Dewey, 
secretary, 

Y. L. M. LA. —Ellen Mar-den, 
Pres. ; Rachel Brimle}' and Luella 
Harrow, Counselors ; Esther H. Da- 
vey, secretary. 

Primary Association — Elizabeth 
( lark, Pres. ; Ellen Cowan and Sarah 
Griffiths, Counselors ; Elizabeth 
Griffiths, secretary. 

History— Among the first settlers of the 
Ward was Thos. W. Winter, James Shaw, 
Andrew Cowan, John Page and others. 
There were only six houses in the Ward in 
1853. A small school house was built in 1855, 



:i2 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



and a Sunday School opened in 1856. Pre- 
vious to building the first school house, the 
people were socially connected with the 
Fourth Ward Saints. About the year 1865 
that building tumbled down and in 1877 the 
present ward house was erected. 

Thomas W. Winter was the first Bishop 
of the Ward. He was ordained to that posi- 
tion April 11, 1853, by Apostle Orson Hyde. 
Elders .Robert Cowan and John Page were 
chosen as his Counselors. March 4,1857, 
Elder Cowan was released, and second 
Counselor Page was ordained a High Priest 
by Bishop Edward Hunter and set apart to 
act as first Counselor to Bishop Winter. 
On the same day Fred. Cook was set apart 
as second Counselor. 

In July, 1860, Elder Winter resigned his 
position as Rishop, after which the Ward 
was attached to the sixth Ward and re- 
mained thus for about seventeen years. 

At a meeting held June 12, 1877, at which 
Prests. Brigham Young and Daniel H. 
Wells, Apostle John Taylor and Geo. Q. 
Cannon, the Stake Presidency and other au- 
thorities were present, the Ward was reor- 
ganized. Richard Brim ley, (formerly second 
Counselor to Bishop Hickeulooper, of the 
Sixth Ward) was set apart as Bishop of the 
Fifth Ward. Samuel J. Brown was also 
set apart as his second Counselor, and on 
June 15, 1877, Robert F. Turnbow was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart as first 
Counselor by Apostle John Taylor. Bishop 
Brimley resigned early in the fall of 1884, 
after which Elder John Page, through ap- 
pointment by Pres. Angus M. Cannon, took 
temporary charge of the Ward until Nov. 
30, 1884, when a meeting was held at the 
ward house for the purpose of forming a 
new Bishopric. On that occasion Samuel 
M. T. Seddon was chosen Bishop, with 
Charles J. Friday as first and Henry Har- 
row as second Counselor. These brethren, 
all being young men, were ordained IJigh 
Priests and set apart to their several posi- 
tions by the Stake Presidency. 

—SIXTH WARD is separated 
from the Fifteenth Ward on the 
north by 2nd South Street, from the 
Seventh Ward on the east by 2nd 
West Street, from the Fifth Ward 
on the south by Gth *outh Street, 
and bounded on the west by the river 
Jordan. It contains 24 10-acre blocks 
and had 582 inhabitants in 1880. 
About nine-tenths of the people are 
Latter-day faints. A number of 
the lower blocks, near the river, 



consist mostly of low lands and are 
not inhabited. The only public 
building is the ward house, 60x30 
feet, which is used also for district 
school purposes. It is situated on 
3rd West ."treet, between 4th and 
oth South Streets. !-ome of the D. 
& R. G. Ry. shops are located in 
this Ward. There are eight stores, 
several shops and a number of neat 
private dwellings. The Ward is 
known for its well attended meetings, 
and able choir. It also affords a 
"silver band" consisting of 18 instru- 
ments, under the leadership of Lo- 
renzo Sharp ; the members all appear 
in handsome uniform and discourse 
music which compares favorably 
with that of other bands in the city. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Wm. H. Hickenlooper, 
Bishop ; James I '. Watson and Jesse 
AVest, Counselors; James H. Ander 
son, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Warren M. 
Lowry, Pres. ; Robert Buttle and 
Benjamin Fullmer, Counselors. 

Sunday School — Arnold Giaugue, 
supt. ; James T. >narr and James H. 
Poulton, assistants; Franklin M. 
Anderson, secretary. 

Belief Society— Rhoda Ann Full- 
mer, Pres. ; Isabella West and 
Elizabeth Britton, Counselors ; Cath- 
erine Anderson, secretary. 

Y. 31, M. I. A. — Albert Reiser, 
Pres; Nephi Thomas West and F. M. 
Anderson, ( ounselors ; Edwin J. 
Eardley, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A. — Ada Evans, Pres. 
Emma Haslem and Sarah Lowry, 
Counselors ; Josephine Reiser, sec- 
retar} 7 . 

Primary Association — Margaret 
Leathara and Agnes Hunter, acting 
Presidents, 

History — The history of the Sixth Ward 
commences with the arrival of the Pioneers 
in G. S. L. Valley in July, 1847. It was 
there, on what is now known as the Old 
Fort Square, that the G. S. L. City fort was 
located, and during the seasons of 1847-49 
this square (together with the adjoining 
blocks, on which were located the North and 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



13 



South Forts,) was the centre of civilization 
in the Rocky Mountains. Within the rude 
walls of these forts, in small adobe huts, 
dwelt those hardy men and women through 
whose pioneer labor Utah has since become 
so renowned in history. After the arrival of 
President Young aud company in Great 
Salt Lake Valley in the fall of 1848, permis- 
sion was given for the people living in the 
forts to move out upon their city lots, but 
only a few availed themselves of the oppor- 
tunity until the spring of 1849, when the 
bulk of the people moved out. Those who 
had taken lots in the immediate vicinity of 
the fort, however, showed a reluetancy to 
build on them, and a number of the people 
remained in the Old Fort until the spring of 
1.351, when orders were given to pull down 
all the remaining fort buildings, which was 
promptly done. Since then the famous Old 
Fort Square, (the property of Salt Lake City,) 
has been rented out to various parties for 
agricultural purposes. It is the intention 
some time in the future to utilize it for 
pleasure grounds. Among those who first 
built houses in the Sixth Ward were the 
families of Wm. Hickenlooper, Jesse West, 
Robert Watson and David Fullmer. In 
October, 1853, there were 206, an:", in October, 
1855, 265 inhabitants in the Ward. In early 
times, after the abdicating of the Old Fort, 
the people met for worship in private houses. 
InlSSlthe first school house, an adobe build- 
ing, 38x22 feet, was erected on the present 
ward house site. In order to build this, a 
tax of $11 on each city lot in the Ward was 
levied, and this not being sufficient to com- 
plete the building, an additional tax of $2 
per lot was added. The building commitee 
consisted of Wm. Fawcett, Geo. Coletnere 
and John Lowe. Several years later the 
house was enlarged, but in 1872 the whole 
of it was pulled down and the present two- 
story frame building erected under the su- 
pervision of Samuel L. Evans, architect. 
Jesse West, James T. Snarr and Geo. D- 
Keaton constituted the building commitee. 

The Ward was first organized Feb. 22, 
1849, when William Hickenlooper was or- 
dained the first Bishop of the Ward. He still 
acts in that position and has for many years 
been the only one left of the original nine- 
teen Bishops of Salt Lake City. He has held 
his position continuously since the first or- 
ganization of the ^ards in 1849. The first 
Counselors to Bishop Hickenlooper were 
Jos. Stratton and Jacob Houtz. In 1853 Thos. 
Crooks and William B\iwcett were acting 
as Counselors, the latter being ordained and 
et apart as second Counselor Jan. 4, 1853. 



Elder Crooks removed to American Fork, 
Utah County, when Wm. Fawcett became 
first Counselor, and Thomas Allman was 
chosen as second Counselor pro tern. Henry 
Holmes became second Counselor in the 
spring of 1857 and acted in that capacity un- 
til some time after the move in 1858. He 
finally removed to Weber County, and Ed- 
win Rushton succeeded him as second Coun- 
selor in 1859. 

In 1861 Counselor Fawcett was called on a 
mission to southern Utah, after which Bishop 
Hickenlooper acted with only one Counselor 
for some time. Finally Elder Rushton re- 
signed, and Elder F. R. Kenner was set 
apart to act as Counselor, May 4, 1865. He 
soon afterwards removed to Sanpete County. 

Sept. 6, 1866, Ralph Thompson and Samuel 
L. Evaus were set apart to act as Counselors 
to Bishop Hickenlooper. Ralph Thompson 
died Feb. 8, 1872, when Elder Evans became 
first Counselor. Richard Brimley was set 
apart as second Counselor, Nov. 6, 1873. 

At the reorganization of the Ward, June 
12, 1877, Wm. H. Hickenlooper was retained 
as Bishop, with Samuel L. Evans and Jesse 
West as his Counselors. Elder West was 
ordained a High Priest and set apart to his 
position by Pres. B. Young. May 11, 1S80, 
James C. Watson was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart as second Counselor in place 
of Jesse West, who was absent on a mission 
to Europe. 

Counselor Evans died March 12, 1881, and 
at the quarterly eonference held July 9, 1881 
James C- Watson was sustained as first 
Counselor in his place. Jesse West, who 
had returned from his foreign mission, was 
loosen as second Counselor. 

—SEVENTH WARD is separated 
from the Fourteenth Ward on the 
north by 3rd South Street, from the 
Eighth Ward on the east by East 
Temple Street, from the Fourth 
Ward on the south by 6th South 
Street and from the Sixth Ward on 
the west by 2nd West Street. It 
contains nine 10-acre blocks and had 
1,216 inhabitants in 1880. About 
one half of the people are Latter- 
day Saints, but the "Liberal Party" 
have carried the school district elec- 
tion during the last four years ex- 
cept one. The non-Mormons, in- 
cluding Walker Brothers and other 
wealthy merchants, are the owners 
of the most valuable property and 
the finest residences in the Ward. 



314 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



The ward bouse, a tine rock building 
65 x 37 feet, is situated on 5th South 
Street, between West Temple and 
1st West >treets. A handsome 
scbool bouse, a brick building, re- 
cently erected, lies immediately 
west of the ward bouse. In this 
Ward also, on 3rd .South Street, 
is the Congregational Church, 
the first church building erected by 
non-Mormons in Salt Lake City. 

In May, 1887, the presiding author- 
ities of the Ward stood as follows: 

Bishopric — Win. Thorn, Bishop ; 
Wm. McLachlan and Thos. H. 
Woodbury, Counselors; Herbert 
Van Dam, ward clerk. 

Deacons' 1 Quorum — Alfred Callis- 
ter, Pres. ; Alfred C. Thorn and 
Geo. Wallace, Counselors. 

S i'ii da y School — W m . McLach- 
lan. supt. ; Thos. H Woodbury, Wm. 
H. Foster and H. Dinwoodej', assist- 
ants ; Chas. H. Hyde, secretary. 

Relief Society — Mary A. Lambert, 
Pres. ; Harriet Woodbury and Annie 
Dinwoodey, Counselors; Mary A. 
Woodbury, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Joshua B. Stuart. 
Pre?. : Frank B. Woodbury and Al- 
fred Callister, Counselors; John W. 
Walker, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Sarah Eddington, 
Pres. ; Emma Pose and Caroline 
Thomas, Counselors ; Alice McLach- 
lan, secretary. 

Primary Association — Minnie 
James. Pres. ; Margaret Young and 
Ella Broadbent, Counselors; Lillian 
McLachlan, secretary. 

Wm. H. Foster acts as leader of 
the ward choir and Milly Foster as 
organist. 

History— Wm. G. Perkins was ordained 

Bishop oi the Ward, Feb. 22, 1849. IIi> 
Counselors \\< re Lyman Leonard and \~in- 
cent S hurt! iff. 

Counselors Leonard and Shurtliff 
succeeded by Thos. McLelland and Thomas 
H. \ ••■ hnry, v no were ordained Coun- 
selors to Bifhop Perkins, Feb. 25, 1852. 

Bishop Perkins resigned hi- position in 
the fall of 1850. He was succeeded by 
James a. Willie, who was ordained Bishop 
Dec. 27,1866. Reddin A. Allred and Jona- 
than Pugmire, jun., were chosen as bis Coun- 



selors. After the general move in 1858 
Counselor Allred did not return to the city, 
in consequence of which Jonathan Pugmire, 
jun., was promoted to the position of first 
Counselor, and Thos. McLelland chosen as 
second Counselor. 

In the summer of 1859 Bishop Willie re- 
signed and removed to Cache County, and 
Jonathan Pugmire, jun., was ordained 
Bishop, Dec. 15, 1861. His Counselors were 
Thos. McLelland and Wm. Thorn. 

In the spring of 1864 Bishop Pugmire re- 
signed and removed to Bear Lake Valley, 
after which Counselors McLelland and 
Thorn had temporary charge of the Ward 
until March 12, 1865, when the former was 
ordained Bishop, and Wm. Thorn was 
chosen as his first and Moses Thurston (or- 
dained June 15, 1865) as his second Coun- 
selors. 

Dec. 24, 1870, Bishop McLelland resigned, 
and Counselor Wm. Thorn was appointed 
to take charge of the Ward. He acted by 
virtue of this appointment for a number of 
years before he was ordained Bishop. His 
Counselors were Henry Dinwoodey and 
Thos. II. Woodbury, both set apart for these 
positions, Dee. 24, 1870. 

June 15, 1877, the Ward was reorganized 
with Wm. Thorn (ordained and set apart 
by Pres. Daniel H. Wells) as Bishop, and 
Wm. McLachlan (ordained a High Priest 
and set apart by Apostle John Taylor) and 
Thos. H. Woodbury (set apart by Pres. 
Daniel H. Well.-) as Counselors. 

The first Sunday School in the Ward was 
organized by Jeremiah Woodbury in 1852. 
For a number of years this Ward was the 
home of the distinguished Apostle Orson 
Pratt. 

The first school house in the Ward was 
built in 1851. The present fine ward house 
was c immenced in lsoi' and finished so far 
that meetings could be held in it in 1877. 
It was dedicated in 1885. 

Among the brethren who have served as 
ward clerks the following may be named: 
Samuel Pitchforth, John Vance, Charles 
Lambert, John Gabbott, Wm. McLachlan 
and Herbert Van Dam. 

—EIGHTH WARD is separated 
from the Thirteenth Ward on the 
north by 3rd South Street, from the 
Ninth Ward on the east by 3rd East 
Street, from the Third Ward on the 
south by 6th South Street, and from 
the Seventh Ward on the west by 
East Temple Street. It contains 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



3 Li 



nine 10-acre blocks including Wash- 
ton Square and had 897 inhabitants 
in 1880. About half the population 
are Latter-day Saints. The ward 
house, an adobe building, 50x32 feet, 
is pleasantly situated on 4th South 
Street, between 1st and 2nd East 
Streets, and facesWashington Square. 
Joining it on the east side is an old 
school house ;a fine brick school build- 
ing is now in course of erection. There 
are also a number of other fine build- 
ings in thisWard, among which are the 
St. James Church (Episcopalian) on 
the corner of East Temple and 4th 
South Streets, the St. James Hotel 
and a large number of fine private 
residences. The Ward is known for 
the quiet and peaceful habits of its 
inhabitants. The meetings are inli- 
vened by an efficient choir, under 
the leadership of John M. Chamber- 
lain. Of home industries in the 
Ward may be mentioned J. W. Tuck- 
field and Son's iron and brass foun- 
dry and machine shop. Mr. C. B 
Tuckfield, the junior member of the 
firm, is the inventor of several useful 
contrivances. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward stood as follows: 

Bishopric Elijah F. Sheets, Bish- 
op ; Joseph McMurrin and Isaac 
Brokbank, Counselors; Charles B. 
Tuckfield, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum— Charles Berry 
Pres, ; Win. Keysor and Frederick 
Sheets, Counselors ; Joseph Cowan, 
secretary. 

Sunday School — Richard T. Cham- 
berlain, supt. ; John Cartwright and 
John M. Chamberlain, assistants; 
Chas. L. Berry, secretary. 

Belief Society Esther B. Fletch- 
er, Pres. ; Catherine K. Palmer 
and Jane Cowan, Counselors; Sarah 
A. Hawkins and Jeanette McMurrin, 
secretaries. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— John G. Smith, 
Pres. ; John D. H. McAllister and 
James L. McMurrin, Counselors; 
Geo. H. Sims, secretary. 

Y L. M. I. A.— Maryt*. Young, 
Prtss. ; Jeanette McMurrin and Sarah 



A. Hawkins, Counselors ; Eva H. 
Mcrtensen, secretary. 

Primary Association — JaneCowan, 
Pres. ; Ann Cartwright and Jennie 
Mortensen, Counselors ; Sarah Mc- 
Murrin, secretary. 

History— Among the first settlers of the 
Ward were Addison Everett, Edward P. 
Duzette, Absalom Free, Geo. Woodward, 
Solomon Angel 1, Burr Frost. Samuel En- 
sign and Priddy Mecks. The first school 
house, which is yet standing, was built in 
1851. The present meetinghouse was erec- 
ted in 1866. 

Addison Everett was the first Bishop of 
the Ward. He was ordained to that posi- 
tion Feb. 22, 1S49. Among his Counselors 
were Priddy Meeks (set apart March 25, 
1849), Edward P. Duzette and Absalom Free, 
but we have been unable get any more in- 
formation concerning them. 

Bishop Everett having been called on a 
mission to Green River, Elijah F. Sheets was 
ordained Bishop of the Ward, May 11,. 1856. 
About a week later (May 20th) Geo. Wood- 
ward and Jacob Houtz*were set apart to 
act as bis Counselors. 

In the latter part of 1861 Alexander C. Py- 
perand Robert Daft succeeded EldersWood- 
ward and Iloutz as Counselors, they two 
latter having been called on the Southern 
Utah Mission. 

Counselor Pyper having moved away and 
Robert Daft being accidentally shot and 
killed March 13, 1865, John D.T. McAllister 
and Henry W. Lawrence were ordained and 
set apart as first and second Counselors to 
Bishop Sheets, Jan. 5, 1865. In 1869 Bishop 
Sheets was called on a mission to the United 
States, when John D. T. McAllister took 
temporary charge of the Ward as acting 
Bishop. Henry W. Lawrence was excom- 
municated from the Church for apastacy, 
Dee. 13, 1869. 

Bishop Sheets returned from his mission 
in 1870 and again took charge of the Ward, 
with John D.T. McAllister and Isaac Brock- 
bank as Counselors. The latter was ordained 
and set apart as second Counselor May 26, 
1870. 

In 1876 Counselor McAllister moved to St. 
George, and the following year, when the 
reorganization of the Stake took pla0e, a 
meeting was held June 15, 1817, at which the 
Eighth Ward was reorganized with Elijah F. 
Sheets as Bishop and .Joseph McMurrin (or- 
dained and set apart by Pres. Daniel H. 
Wells) and Isaac Broekbank as Counselors. 



3J6 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



The famous Eighth Ward Square now 
known as Washington Sqili re ^as for mar y 
years the camping ground for arriving immi- 
grant trains. It was on or near this spot 
where the advance company of Pioners 
pitched their tents, July 23, 1847. Here Wm. 
Carter put the first plow into the ground 
and planted the first potatoes in Great Salt 
Lake Valley. Here also the Pioneer camp 
was organized for work, and Apostle Orson 
Pratt called the camp together and dedicated 
the land to the Lord for the benefit of His 
Saints. 

The "Liberal Party" cast a majority of 
votes for the first time at the election for 
school trustee July 11, 1887. 
— NINTH WARD is separated from 
the Twelfth Ward on the north b}- 
3rd South Street, from the Tenth 
Ward on the east by 6th East >treet, 
from the Second Ward on the south 
by 6th South Street, and from the 
Eighth Ward on the west by 3rd 
East Street. It contains nine 10- 
acre blocks and had 671 inhabitants 
in 1880. The ward house, a fine 
brick building, 48x28 feet, is situ- 
ated on the corner of 4th South 
and 51 h East Streets. Immediately 
north of it is a small adobe school 
house. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Samuel A. Woolley, 
Bishop ; John Brown and Taylor H. 
Woolley, Counselors; Orson H. Pet- 
tit, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum- John S.Max- 
well, Pres. ; Ilyrum J. Smith, jun., 
Counselor 

Sunday School — Thos. Gerrard, 
supt. ; Amos M. Woolley, and John 
W.Reese, assistants ; Amos M. Wool- 
ley, secretary. 

Relief Society — Sarah E. Groo, 
Pres. ; Rebecca W. Riter and Eliza- 
beth L.Webb, Counselors; Maria 
L. Woolley, secretary. 

Y. M. & Y. L. M. I. A.— Latimus 
O. Taft, Pres. ; Jabez W. West and 
Albert K. Webb, Counselors; EfTie 
Webb, secretary. 

Primary Association Belle Ger- 
rard, Pres. : Laura V. Tobiason and 
Etta Webb, ( ounselors ; Kate Pet- 
tit, secrerary. 



HISTORY— John M. and Samuel A. Wool- 
ley built the first two dwelling-houses in 
the Ninth Ward in the fall of 1848. 

The Ward has first organized in February, 
1849, with Seth Taft as Bishop. He was or- 
dained to this position Feb 22, 1849. In the 
fall of 1849, he was called to go to Sanpete 
County as one of the first settlers in that 
valley. During his absence Daniel Gam 
acted as Bishop pro tern. 

In 1851 Elder Garn was called on a mission 
to Europe, and Seth Taft who had returned 
from his mission to Sanpete Valley, again 
took charge of the Ward. 

Elder Jacob Gibson was set apart as 
first Counselor to Bishop Taft, April 1, 
1851, and Robert Richey was appointed se- 
cond Counselor, Dec. 6, 1853. The latter 
subsequently moved south and finally apos- 
tatized. Elder Gibson was called on amis- 
sion to Europe in 1856, and Levi Riter was 
appointed Counselor to fill the vacancy. 

John M. Woolley and Isaac Groo were or- 
dained High Priests and set apart as Counse- 
lors to Bishop Taft, June 3, 1856. Shortly 
afterwards Elder Taft was released from his 
position as Bishop, and John M. Woolley 
was ordained Bishop in his stead, Oct. 21 
1856. On the same day Samuel A. Woolley 
and Isaac Groo were set apart as his Coun- 
selors. 

Bishop Woolley died Aug. 18, 1S64, and a 
few days later Counselor Samuel A. Wool- 
ley was appointed to act as Bishop of the 
Ward. (He was, however, not ordained un- 
til Nov. 21, 1872). His Counselors were 
Isaac Groo and Jocob Gibson. The latter 
was succeeded by Elder Levi Riter. 

The Ward was reorganized June 18, 1877, 
with Samuel A. Woolley as Bishop and John 
Cutler and John Brown as Counselors. El- 
der Cutler was ordained a High Priest and 
set apan by Apostle John Taylor and Elder 
Brown by Apostle Geo. Q. Cannon. 

Elder Cutler removed from the Ward, in 
consequence of which John Brown was set 
apart as first Counselor to Bishop Woolley, 
and Taylor II. Woolley was ordained a High 
Priest and set apart as second Counselor. 
This took place Dec. 18, 1884. 

-TENTH WARD is separated 
from the Eleventh Ward on the 
north by 3rd South Street, bounded 
on the east by the Port Douglas Mil- 
itary Reservation, separated from 
the First Ward on the south by 6th 
South Street and from the Ninth 
Ward on the west by (ith East Street. 
It contains 24 10-acre blocks and 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



317 



bad 935 inhabitants in 1880. Tbe 
ward bouse, a brick building, 55x33 
feet, is situated on the corner of 8tb 
East and 4th South Streets. Join- 
ing it on the north side is the dis- 
trict school house, an adobe building. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric - Adam Speirs, Bishop ; 
James C. Woods and Win. Griffin, 
Counselors; James T. .-trong, ward 
clerk ; Thos. C. Jones, recorder. 

Deacons' Quorums There are four 
quorums presided over by their re- 
spective presidencies. 

Sunday School — James C. Woods, 
supt. ; Robert Miller and Samuel E. 
Baxter, assistants; Ann Hillam, sec- 
retary. 

Relief Society — Elizabeth Paul, 
Pres. ; Jane Pyper and Angelina 
Harrison, Counselors ; Regina Ness, 
secretary. 

Y. M. .)[. I. A.- Henry Badley, 
Pres. ; Robert Pyper and James N. 
Woods, Counselors. 

Y. L. \f. I. A. -Mary Ann Ash- 
man, Pres. ; Ida Speirs and Annie 
Paul, Counselors; Lottie Paul, sec- 
retary. 

Primary Association - Jane Mc- 
Lean, Pres. ; Agnes Harvey and 
Rose Chandler, Counselors; May 
Ashman, secretary. 

History— The first house ou the Ward 
site was built in the fall of 1848 by Isaac 
Laney, one of the men who were wounded 
at the Haun's Mill massacre. The first 
school house, a small adobe building, was 
erected in the fall of 1849. It gave way in 
1853 for a larger one, a two sory building 
44x22 feet, which at that lime was the largest 
ward bouse in the city. The lower story of 
this building is yet in existence and is now 
used for school purposes. The present 
meeting house was erected in 1873 and 
cost over $8,000. 

David Pettegrew was ordained the first 
Bishop of the Ward Feb. 22, 1849. His 
Counselors were Daniel Tyler and Sanford 
Porter. % 

Dec. 20, 1853, Conrad Kleinman and Al- 
fred Cordon were set apart as Counselors to 
Bishop Pettegrew, both the former Coun- 
selors having moved away. Subsequently 
Elders Cordon and Kleinman also removed 



from the Ward, when John Proctor and 
Adam Speirs were chosen Counselors in 
their st»ad. 

Bishop Pettegrew died Dec. 31, 1803, after 
whicb lift Counselors (John Proctor and 
Adam Speirs) had charge of the Ward, un- 
til January, 1807, when John Proctor was 
ordained Bishop with Adam Speirs and 
Wm. Ashman as Counselors. 

Bishop Proctor died Feb. 12,1874, after 
which Counselor Speirs was appointed to 
take temporary charge of the Ward. He 
acted by virtue of this appointment until 
June 20, 1877, when he was ordained Bishop. 
James C. Woods and Wm. Griffin were 
chosen as his Counselors ou the same day. 
Elders Sfeirs and Griffin were ordained 
High Priests and set apart by Apostle John 
Taylor and Elder Woods by Apostle Geo. Q. 
Cannon. 

—ELEVENTH WARD is sepa- 
rated from the Twenty-first Ward on 
the north by South Temple Street, 
bounded on the east by the Port 
Douglas Military Reservation, sepa- 
rated from tbe Tenth Ward on the 
south by 3rd South street and from 
the Twdfth Ward on the west by 6th 
East Street. It contains 24 10-acre 
blocks and had 1,327 inhabitants in 
1880. The great majority of the 
people are Latter-day Saints, and 
most of them belong to the laboring 
class, a number of the men being 
employed by the Church on the Tem- 
ple Block and elsewhere. The ward 
house, a substantial rock building, 
66x36 feet, is situated on the corner 
of 8th East and 1st South streets. 
Attached to it on the west side is the 
district school house, an adobe build- 
ing. Within the limits of the Ward 
is >-t. Mary's Hospital (Catholic), 
Wm. S. Mmpkin's brick-yard, Henry 
A. Tuckett's candy factory, etc. An 
excellent choir, under the leader- 
ship of Henry A. Tuckett, does ser- 
vice in the Sabbath meetings. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — Alex. McRae, Bishop ; 
Joseph H. Felt and Robert Mortis, 
^ ounselors ; John Coulam,ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — Herbert Pen- 
rose, Lawrence Berg and J. E. Coult 
preside over the 1st, 2nd and 3rd 
quorums. 



318 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Sunday School — Henry Tuckett, 
supt. ; R. B. Sampson, assistant; E. 
J. Allen, secretary. 

Relief Socirty — Margaret McMas- 
ter. Pres. ; Annie Lawson and Sarah 
Sears, Counselors ; Maria Ford, sec- 
retary. 

Y. M. M. L A.—U. A. Tuckett, 
Pres. ; C. Denney and J. G. Kelson, 
Counselors , Joshua B. Bean, secre- 
tary. 

F. L. M. I. A.— Mary Ann Cou- 
lam, Pres. ; Edith E. Sampson and 
Drucilla Hedges, < ounselors ; Ger- 
trude Sampson, secretary. 

Primary Association — Louie Felt, 
Pres. ; Alice Atkins and Miss Stay- 
ner, Counselors ; Minnie Coult, sec- 
retary. 

History— Among the first settlers of the 
Ward were Pharos Wells, John Coulam 
and family, Thos. Atkin and family, Win. 
J. .Smith, Wm. Thompson, John Lytle and 
others. .Most of them came direct from 
England in the year 1849 and wen; located 
under the direction of President Brigham 
Young. Elder John Lytle was appointed 
Bishop in February, 1849, hut he was not 
ordained to that position until July 18, 1851. 
On the 27th John II. Rumel and John Gray 
were set apart as his Counselors. 

Counselors Rumel and Gray both having 
removed t<> the Thirteenth Ward, Wm. J. 
Smith was set apart as first and John M. 
Lytle as second Counselor to Bishop Lytle, 
Nov. 19, 1853. The latter was succeded by 
Joseph E. Taylor, who was ordained a High 
Priest aiul eel aparl Sept. 12, 1854 

June 24, 1855, Wm. A. McMaster was ap- 
pointed lir-t Counselor to Bishop Lytle in 
place of Wm. J. Smith, who had been ap- 
pointed a mission to England. 

May 15, 1856, Wm. A. McMaster and 
Joseph E. Taylor were appointed to take 
temporary charge of the Ward, Bishop 
Lytic having gone to Carson Valley on a 
mission, hut on June 21, 1856, the jurisdic- 
tion of L W. Hardy, Bishop of the Twelfth 
Ward, was extended over the Eleventh 
Ward for the time being. 

Jan. 19, 1857, Alexander McBae was or- 
dained Bishop of the Ward, by Edward 
Hunter. Joseph E. Taylor was set apart as 
his second < 'ounselor Jan. 25, 1857, and Wm 

A. McMaster as his firs! counselor .March:!. 
1857. 

In July, 1865, Joseph Bean was set apart 
to act as first Counselor to Bishop McRae, 



instead of Wm. A. McMaster, who had been 
called on a mission to Great Britain. Joseph 
E. Taylor removed to the Thirteenth Ward 
and George Hoggan was appointed second 
Counselorin his stead. Elder Hoggan acted 
until the beginning of 1876, when a misunder- 
standing arose between him and the Bishop. 
Charles Edwards then acted as a temporary 
Counselor for about one year. 

The Ward was reorganized June 19, 1877, 
with Alexander McRae as Bishop and Joseph 
H. Felt (ordained and set apart by Apostle 
John Taylor) as first and Robert Morris 
(ordained and set apart by Apostle Erastus 
Snow) as second Counselor. 

The present ward house was built in 
1873-75. John Gray was the first clerk of 
the Ward. He was succeeded by Wm. J. 
Smith, who acted until Aug. 2, 1855. After 
him Wm. Thompson served until November, 
1868, when John Coulam was appointed 
ward clerk. He has acted continuously in 
that capacity ever since. 

—TWELFTH WARD is separated 
from the Eighteenth and Twentieth 
Wards on the north by South Temple 
Street, from the Eleventh Ward on 
the east by 6th East Street, from the 
Ninth Ward on the south by 3rd 
South street, and from the Thirteenth 
Ward on the west by 3rd East Street. 
It contains nine 10-acre blocks and 
had 1,230 inhabitants in 1880. About 
one half of the inhabitants are Latter- 
day Saints. The ward house, a rock 
building, 70x40 feet, is situated on 
the south side of 1st South -^Street, 
between 4th and 5th East Streets. 
Joining it on the west side is an 
adobe school house. 

In May, 1«87, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric— Hiram B. Clawson, 
Bishop ; John Druce and Martin 
Lenzi, Counselors; Joseph Walker, 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — ('. Lyon and 
Jacob Derrick, Presidents of 1st and 
2nd Quorums. 

Sunday School — Thos. V. Wil- 
liams, supt. ; John Midgley and Zach. 
T. Derrick, Counselors; Henry T. 
Met .van, secretary. 

Relief Society — Julia Druce, Pres. ; 
Jemima Midgley and Eliza Hooper, 
Counselors. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



319 



Y. M. & Y. L. M. I. A.— ^amuel 
C. Jenkinson. Pres. ; Z. 8. Derrick 
and Laura Hardy, Counselors. 

Primary Associ&tian — Ellen C. 
Clawson, Pres. ; Christiane Pyper 
and Julia Druce, Counselors ; Eddie 
Midgley and Levi Young, secretaries. 

History — The Ward was first organized 
in February, 1849. Benjamin Covey was 
ordained Bishop, Feb. 22, 1849. His Coun- 
selors were Eleazer Miller and Elisha 
Everett. Bishop Covey being called on a 
mission to Carson Valley, Leonard W. 
Hardy was ordained Bishop of the Ward, 
April 6, 1856. His Counselors were Josiah 
G. Harclyv(ordained Oct. 19, 1856) and Miner 
G. Atwood. Counselor Hardy removed to 
southern Utah, and Edward Snelgrove was 
ordained first Counselor in his stead, March 
21, 1867. Elders Snelgrove and Atwood 
continued in their positions until Bishop 
Hardy's release. 

June 21, 1877, the Ward was reorganized 
with Alexander C. Pyper as Bishop and 
John Druce and Leonard G. Hardy as his 
Counselors. Elders Pyper and llardy were 
ordained High Priests and set apart by 
Apostle John Taylor, and Eider Druce by 
Apostle Geo. Q. Cannon. The former Bish- 
op, Leonard G. Hardy, was released from 
the care of the Twelfth Ward because of the 
position he filled as first Counselor to Pre- 
siding Bishop Edward Hunter. 

April 3, 1880, Martin Lenzi was set apart 
as second Counselor to Bishop Pyper, in 
place of Leonard G. Hardy who was ab-ent 
on a mission. 

Bishop Alexander C. Pyper di*""* July 28, 

1882, and Hiram B. Clawson SUCC ded him. 
He chose the same Counselors (E ers Druce 
and Leuzi) as had acted with B. pop Pyper. 

—THIRTEENTH WARD is sepa- 
rated from the Eighteenth Ward on 
the north by South Temple Street, 
from the Twelfth Ward on the east 
by 3rd East Street, from the Eighth 
Ward on the south by 3rd South 
Street, and from the Fourteenth 
Ward on the west by East Temple 
Street. It contains nine 10-acre 
blocks and hacf 1,850 inhabitants 
in 1880. About two -thirds of: the 
people are Latter-day Saints. That 
the"LiberalParty"polled a majority 
of votes at the election for school 
trustees July 11, 1887, was largely 
due to the facts that a number of the 



Saints had been disfranchised by the 
recent acts of Congress, and that a 
great numberof the"Peoples Party" 
are foreigners who have not yet se- 
cured their papers of citizenship. 
This Ward is noted for its lively and 
well attended meetings, its excellent 
choir, good schools and well con- 
ducted associations. Besides the 
ward house, an adobe building, 60x35 
feet, erected in 1860, and three ad- 
joining school houses, there are in 
the Ward church buildings represent- 
ing the Catholics, Presbyterians, 
Methodists, Episcopalians, Joseph- 
ites, etc. Among other noted edifices 
in the Ward are the City Hall, St. 
Marks School, the Gardo House, 
Co-op Store, Salt Lake Theatre and 
a large number of fine business 
blocks. The Thirteenth Ward con- 
tains more business houses than any 
other Ward in the City, taking in all 
that important part of the business 
centre between East Temple and 1st 
East Streets, with all the stores and 
shops on 1st and 2nd South Streets, 
Commercial street, etc. Within the 
limits of this Ward are also a large 
number of fine private residences. 
As a charitable institution of the 
Ward a fine two-story brick building 
containing 16 rooms, erected by 
Feremorz Little for the benefit of 
the Latter-day Saints in the Ward, 
deserves special mention. It was 
erected in 1883 at a cost of about 
$2,000 and dedicated and handed 
over to the Bishop of the Ward 
Sept. 6, 1883. This building is sit- 
uated immediately back of the ward 
house. 

Of home industries in the Ward 
Mr. John Reading's nurseries and 
flower gardens deserve special men- 
tion. They are the mist extensive 
of their kind in Utah, and Mr. Read- 
ing's business extends to all parts 
of this and all surrounding Territo- 
ries. He employs about ten per- 
sons all the year round. There are 
five green houses, covered with 7.000 
square feet of glass, and a number 
of frames. Mr. Reading commenced 
this business in 186-1 with a capital 



320 



SAJ.T LAKE COUNTY. 



of $5. He built the first green house 
in the Territory in 1869 and has 
since spent over $6,000 in improve- 
ments on the grounds. 

In May, 1887, the presiding officers 
of the Ward were as follows: 

Bishopric — Millen Atwood, Bish- 
op; Nelson A. Empey and Thos. 
Aubrey, Counselors; Hamilton G. 
Park, ward clerk. 

Priests' Quorum, presided over by 
the Bishopric. 

Deacons' Quorum — Thomas Sloan 
and Joseph Piatt preside over the 
1st and 2nd Quorums. 

Sunday School — William Nay lor, 
supt. ; William Hennefer and Frank- 
lin Piatt, assistants ; Geo. E. Wool- 
ley, secretary. 

Relief Society — Rachel Grant, 
Pres. ; Lydia Ann WelU and Louisa 
Spencer, Counselors; Elizabeth H. 
Goddard, secretary. 
• Y. M. M. I. A.— Geo. E. Woolley, 
Pres. ; Melvin Wells and Millen M. 
Atwood, Counselors; J.C.Jensen, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.- Anna Thomas, 
Pres. ; Eva Piatt and Fanny Wool- 
ley (appointed June 13, 1887), 
Counselors. 

Primary Association — Catherine 
Wells, Pres.; Anna Thomas and 
Belle Clayton, Counselors; Agnes 
McDonald, secretary. 

History— The Ward wag first organized 
in 1849, Edward Hunter being ordained 
Bishop of the same Feb. 22, 1840. His Coun- 
selors were Joseph B. Noble and Tarleton 
Lewis. Counselor Lewis moved south, and 
William w. Major succeeded him as second 
Counselor and served in that capacity until 
called on a mission to Eng and in 1853. 

Edward Hunter having been chosen as 
Presiding Bishop of the Church, Edwin I). 
Woolley succeeded him as Bishop of the 
Thirteenth W^rd in 1854. His Counselors 
were Bryant Strlngbam and John M. Wool- 
ley. Counselor Stringham resigned and 
Jeter Clinton was appointed lirst Counselor 
in his stead in the fall of 1856. In the absence 
of Jeter OlintOD, on a mission to the States 
in 1867, James Townsend, Daniel Mcintosh 
and others acted as Counselors pro tern An 
cases of trial, or Bishop's court. John M. 
Woolley moved north and Win S. Godbe 
succeeded him as second Counselor in 1864. 



Counselor Clinton resigned in 18G8, when 
Wm. S. Godbe became first Counselor and 
F. A. Mitchell was chosen as second Coun- 
selovpro tern. Afterwards he was set apart 
to that position. 

Wm. 8. Godbe was excommunicated from 
the Church for apostasy, Oct. 25, 1869, and 
Feramorz Little was subsequently chosen as 
< lounselorin his stead. 

In the spring of 1873 Elder Hamilton G. 
Park succeeded F. A. Mitchell as second 
Counselor, the latter having been called on a 
mission to the Sandwich Islands. Hamil- 
ton G. Park was called on a mission to Eu- 
rope, and William Naylor succeeded him as 
second Counselor in the fall of 1875. 

At the reorganization in 1877 no changes 
were made in the Bishopric. Elder Naylor 
who had acted as Counselor pro tern, was 
ordained a High Priest and set apart by 
Apostle John Taylor to his position. 

Bishop Woolley died Oct. 14, 1881, and 
Elder Millen Atwood was set apart as Bish- 
op in his stead Dec. 25, 1881. Nelson A. 
Empey and Francis Piatt were ordained 
High Priests and set apart as his Counselors, 
Dec. 31, 1881. Counselor Piatt died Dec. 
14,1885, and Thomas Aubrey succeeded him 
as second Counselor Dec. 12, 1886. 

—FOURTEENTH WARD is sep- 
arated from the Seventeenth Ward 
on the north by South Temple 
Street, from the Thirteenth Ward 
on the east by East Temple Street, 
from the Seventh Ward on the south 
by 3rd South Street and from the 
Fifteenth Ward on the west by 2nd 
West Street. It contains nine 10- 
acre blocks and had 1 ,803 inhabitants 
in 1880, The ward house, an adobe 
building, 55x35 feet, is situated on 
First South Street, between West 
Temple "and 1st West Streets. 
Joining it are two school houses, one 
on the west and another on the east 
side. About two-thirds of the pop- 
ulation are Latter-day Saints, but the 
non-Mormons own about two-thirds 
of the real estate in the Ward. Quite 
a number of the "Mormon" families 
are poor. 

This Ward embraces the west side 
of Main Street with all that business 
part of the city west of it. Hence, 
many of the principal business houses 
and the following hotels are within 
the limits of the Ward: The Contin- 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



321 



ental, Walker House, Metropolitan, 
Valley House, Clift House and White 
House. Also the Jewish synagogue, 
St. Mary's Academy (Catholic) the 
County Court House, etc. 

President Wilford Woodruff and 
other* prominent men in the Church 
reside in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Geo. H. Taylor, Bish- 
op ; Thomas E. Taylor and Benjamin 
Brown, Counselors; John M. Whit- 
taker, ward clerk. 

There is a quorum of Priests, under 
the presidency of the Bishopric, and 
a quorum of ordained Teachers, un- 
der the presidency of Benjamin B. 
Brown. 

Deacons' Quorum — Charles Can- 
non, jun.,Pres. ; Clarence Taylor and 
Henry W. Richards, Counselors. 

Sunday School — H. P. Richards, 
supt. ; Henry Gardner and Chas. F. 
Wilcox, assistants; Annie Campbell, 
secretary. 

ReliefSociety — Agnes T. Schwartz, 
Pres. ; Margaret Y. Taylor and 
Maria W.' Wilcox, Counselors ; El- 
mina S. Taylor, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Moses W. Tay- 
lor, Pres. ; Henry B. Elder and Rich- 
ard A. Shipp, Counselors; John M. 
Whittaker, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Nellie Colebrook, 
J 'res. ; Cornelia (lay ton and Ellis 
R. Shipp, Counselors; Lizzie Green, 
secretary. 

Primary Association — Cornelia 
Clayton, Pres. ; Mamie Morris, sec- 
retary. 

History — Among tbe first settlers who 
built houses in this Ward at an early day 
were a number of leading men in the 
Church; Willard .Richards, second Coun- 
selor to Pres. Brigham Young, located on 
the Council House corner. Parley P. Pratt 
settled on the same mock further west. His 
house, now known as one of the Valley 
House cottages, yet stands, facing ihe Tem- 
ple Block. Orson Pratt located on the west 
side of the same block. His bouse is also 
standing yet. Wilford Woodruff located on 
the corner of South Temple and West Tem- 
ple Streets, where the Valley House now 



stands. Pres. John Taylor built a house on 
the south-west corner of the same block. 
His old house is still standing. Franklin 
D. Richards located a little south of where 
the Continental Hotel now stands, and 
Amasa M. Lyman on the block opposite the 
former residence of Geo. Q. Cannon, on 
the corner where Win, H. Folsom'4 residence 
now stands. 

The Ward was first organized in 1849 with 
John Murdock as Bishop, he being ordained 
to that position Feb. 22, 1849. His Coun- 
selors were Abraham Hoagland and Rich- 
ard Ballantyne. Bisbop Murdock was called 
on a mission to Australia, and Counselor 
Hoagland was ordained Bisbop in his stead, 
July 13, 1851. On the same day Bichard 
Ballantyne was set apart as his first Coun- 
selor, and on the 27th Phinehas Bichards 
was set apart as second Counselor. 

In the fall of 1S52 Counselor Ballantyne 
was called on a mission to Hindostan, and 
Joseph Home was chosen as first Counselor 
in his stead in tbe beginning of 1854. Oct. 
13, 1859, Samuel Turnbow was ordained 
second Counselor, as successor to Elder 
Phinehas Richards. To till a vacancy caused 
by the release of Elder Joseph Home, Wil- 
liam Carter was ordained and set apart as 
second Counselor to Bishop Hoagland Jan. 
3, 18fil. ' He had previously acted as tempo- 
rary Counselor in the absencs of Joseph 
Home, having been set apart to that posi- 
tion April 28, 1859. By this change Samuel 
Turnbow, who had acted as second Coun- 
selor since 1859, now became first Coun- 
selor. 

Nov. 20, 1862, Martin Lenzi was ordained 
second Counselor to Bishop Hoagland, to 
fill the vacancy caused by the removal of 
Elder Wm, Carter to southern Utah. 

Elders Turnbow and Lenzi acted as first 
and second Counselors until Bishop Hoag- 
land's death, which occurred Feb. 14, 1872. 

March 4, 1872, Thomas Taylor was ordained 
Bishop of tbe Ward. Lewis S. Hills was set 
apart as his first and George Crismon as his 
second Counselor. Counselor Hills had only 
acted a few months, when Johu R. Winder 
was appointed first Counselor in his stead. 
This change took place in Hie fall of 1872, 
and during Bishop Taylor's absence in the 
.east Elder Winder had temporary charge 
of the Ward. 

July 2, 1874, Angus M. Cannon was or- 
dained and set apart as second Counselor 
to Bishop Taylor. When Elder Winder re- 
moved from the Ward, Geo. Crismon was 
promoted to the position of first Counselor. 
Elder Cannon having been called to the 



322 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



position of President of the Stake, Geo. H. 
Taylor was ordained a High Priest and set 
apart as second Counselor in his stead, April 
20, 1876. 

At the reorganization of the Ward June 
25, 1877, Thomas Taylor was still sustained 
as Bishop with Geo. Crisinon and Geo. H. 
Taylor as Mis Counselors. 

Counselor Crismon having removed to 
the Sugar House Ward, Geo. H. Taylor was 
set apart as first Counselor in his stead, Dec- 
18, 1S84. On the same day Samuel H. Hill 
was ordained a High Priest and set apart as 
second Counselor. 

Bishop Taylor being away in Iron County 
and Counselor Hill being absent from 
home, Elder Benjamin Brown presided as 
acting Bishop of the Ward from March 
1st to Aug. 4th, 1886, or during the time 
Counselor Geo. H. Taylor was incarcerated 
in the Utah Penitentiary for conscience 
sake. 

Bishop Taylor having been excommuni- 
cated from the Church, a new Bishopric 
was organized, Oct. 11, 1886, consisting of 
George Hamilton Taylor as Bishop and 
Thomas E. Taylor and Benjamin Brown as 
Counselors. 

— FIFTEENTH WARD is sepa- 
rated from the Sixteenth Ward on 
the north by South Temple Street, 
from the Fourteenth Ward on the 
east by 2nd West treet, from the 
Sixth Ward on the south by 3rd 
South Street, and bounded on the 
west by the river Jordan. It con- 
tains 27 10-acre blocks and had 
1,253 inhabitants in 1880. About 
three-fourths are Latter-day Saints. 
The ward house, a fine brick build- 
ing, 70x35 feet, is situated on 1st 
South Street, between 3rd and 4th 
West Streets. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward stood as follows: 

Bishopric - Joseph Pollard, Bish- 
op ; Wm. L. Binder and Nathaniel 
V. Jones, Counselors ; John Clark, 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum - William Hall, 
James Lewis and William Trihern 
preside over the 1st, 2nd and 3rd 
quorums. 

Sunday School— Thos. C. Griggs, 
supt. ; Joseph R. Morgan and Wm. 
R. Jones, assistants ; Hany Cham- 
berlain, secretary. 



Relief Society — Sarah M. Kimball, 
Pres. ; Rebecca M. Jones and Eliza- 
beth Duncanson, Counselors ; Minnie 
Gray, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A. — Gronway Parry, 
Pres. ; Thos. C. Griggs and Fred. 
Morgan, Counselors; Thos. G.*Gill, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Alice Pollard, 
Pres. ; Louie Beers, Counselor ; 
Patience Mary Jane Jones, secretary. 

Primary Association— Mary L. 
Morris, Pres. ; Susannah Waterfall 
and Hortense Jones, Counselors ; 
Julia Jones and Clara Bockhoit, sec- 
retaries. 

History — Among the original settlers 
and owners of lots in the Ward were Na- 
thaniel V. Jones, Rodney Badger, Thurston 
Simpson, Thomas Judd, Thomas Forsyth, 
Shure Olson, Gideon D. Wood, David Peters, 
Peter Robinson, Andrew Cunningham, An- 
drew Jackson, Wm. Empey, Robert T. 
Burton, John Wood, Wm. Jones, James 
Hawkins, Homer Duncan, Aaron Dani< Is, 
Rosel Hyde, John C. Armstrong, John 
Leatham, Edwin T. Bird, John Webb, 
John Reynolds, Charles D. Barnura, Henry 
Heath, Daniel Bull, Benjamin T. Mitchell, 
Wm. Long, Andrew Wood, David Phillips 
James Ure, Richard Warburton, David 
Ames,D;miel Leah, Kiev Junes, John Thom- 
as, W. 51. Allred, Chapman Duncan, etc. 

The Ward was first organized in 1840 with 
Abraham 0. Smoot as Bishop. He was or- 
dained Feb. 22, 1840. His Ceunselors were 
Nathaniel V. Jones and Wm. Scarce. Coun- 
selor Scarce died in G. S. L. City Jan. 3, 
1851, and about the same time Bishop Smoot 
removed tram the Ward. 

At the April Conference, 1851, Nathaniel 
V. Jones was voted to be Bishop of the 
Ward. He was ordained Ju'y 13, 1851, and 
Andrew Cunningham and Rodney Badger 
were set apart as Counselors the same day. 

When Bishop Jones was absent on his 
East India Mission in (1852-53), A. Cun- 
ningham presided as acting Bishop of the 
Ward. He took charge about Oct. 15, 1852, 
and continued until Bishop Jones returned 
from his mission, when the latter again as- 
sumed the position as Bishop, with Andrew 
Cunningham and Rodney Badger as Coun- 
selors. While Elder Cunningham had 
charge of the Ward, Charles D. Bamum 
and Elijah Thomas acted as Counselors 
pro tern. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



323 



Connselor R. Badger was accidentally 
drowned in the Weber River, April 29, 1853, 
and Elijah Thomas was set apart as Coun- 
selor in his stead Dec. 6, 1853. Between this 
date and 1856 Charles D. Barnum and James 
Ure are supposed to have acted as assistant 
Counselors to Bishop Jones. July 1, 1856, 
William Whitiug and John McLaws were 
set apart as Counselors to Bishop Jones. 

At a solemn Teachers meet ng held in El- 
der B. T. Mitchell's house Dec 24, 1856, the 
people voted in Benjamin T. Mitchell as 
Bishop, with William Etnpey as first and 
William Whiting as second Counselor. This 
was during the time of the reformation. 

Bishop Mitchell resigned about the year 
1859 and Audrew Cunningham was appointed 
Bishop in his stead. Robert T. Burton and 
Wm. C. Moodey were chosen as (Jo nselors. 
Counselor Muodey was called on the South- 
ern Utah Mission, and Joseph Pollard was 
appointed Counselor in his stead, about the 
year 1861. 

Bishop Cunningham resigned in 1S67, and 
Counselor Burton then became Bishop in 
his stead. His Counselors were Joseph Pol- 
lardand Elias Morris. This Bishopric stood 
intact during the following ten years. 

The Ward was reorganized June 27, 1S77. 
On that occasion Joseph Pollard was set 
apart as Bishop by Pres. Daniel H. Wells. 
Wm. L. Binder was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart as first Counselor by Apostle 
John Taylor, and N. V. Jones as second 
Counselor by Apostle Orson Pratt. 

Charles Miller was clerk of the Ward in 
1853. lie was succeeded by John McLaws 
and John Clark. The latter has acted in 
that capacity for more than twenty years. 

—SIXTEENTH WARD is sepa- 
rated from the Nineteenth Ward on 
the north by 2nd North Street, from 
the Seventeenth Ward on the east 
by 2nd West Street, from the Fif- 
teenth Ward on the south by South 
Temple Street and bounded on the 
west by the river Jordan. It con- 
tains 27 10-acre blocks and had 
1,479 inhabitants* in 1880, most of 
whom are Latter-aay Saints. There 
are only 18 blocks inhabited, the 
western part of the Ward being 
occupied by the Fair Grounds. The 
only public building in the Ward is 
the meeting house, a substantial rock 
building, 70x34 feet, which is also 
used for school purposes. It is sit- 
uated on the corner of 1st North and 



4th West Streets. The Deseret Uni- 
versity buildings, on Union Square, 
are located in this Ward, also the 
Utah Central Railway depot and 
workshops, the Gas Works, and a 
number of fine private residences, 
including the late Wm. Jennings' 
residence ; also a number of small 
stores and shops. 

The Ward is famous for its well 
attended meetings and Sunday 
-chool. Apostle Joseph F*. Smith 
resides in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the acting Priest- 
hood and presiding authorities of 
the Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric— Fred. Keslcr, Bishop; 
Francis Cope, first, and James W. 
Phippen, second Counselor. Geo. 
R. Emery, ward clerk. 

There is a full Priest's Quorum 
presided over by the Bishopric. 

Teachers' Quorum— Ruel Oliver, 
Pres. ; Robert Hodge and Franklin 
Taylor, Counselors. 

Deacons' Quorums — John H. Vin- 
cent, Edwin G. Tolhurst and Fran- 
cis Cope, jun., preside over the 1st. 
2nd and 3rd quorums. 

Sunday School— Peter Gillispie, 
supt. ; Peter Reid and John Vincent, 
assistants ; Andrew Peterson, sec- 
retary. 

Relief Society— Diana Reid, Pres. ; 
Rachel Isaac and Elizabeth Fisher, 
Counselors ; Sarah Cumberland, sec- 
retary. 

T. M. M. I. A.— John H. White, 
Pres. ; Peter Howell and John H. 
World, Counselors ; John H. Timp- 
son, secretary. 

Y. L. M I. A.— Mary Pierpont, 
Pres. ; Annie Emery and Olive Tay- 
lor, Counselors ; Helen Reid, secre- 
tary. 

Primary Association — Eleanor 
Herridge, Pres. ; Sinah Bishop and 
LousiaEmery, Counselors. 

History — Among the firs', settlerc of the 
Ward iu 1848-49 were John Scott (of Nauvoo 
fame), Wm. C. Staines, who located where 
the late Wm. Jennings' residence now 
stands, Henry G. Boyle, Abel Butterfield, 
Jacob Butterfield, Mr. Mclntire, Mrs. Smith, 
(widow of Joshua Smith), Audrew Gibbons, 
George Wardle, Joel J jhnson and brothers, 



zu 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Seymour BrUDSOn, Elijah Thomas (of the 
Mormon Battalion), Geo. C. Riser, who 
located on the block now occupied by the 
Utah Central Railway depot, Zera Pulsipher 

and sons, Harrison and William Burgess, 
who located where the gas works now are, 
Father Day and family, G deoo Gibbs, 
Elnathan Eldredge, Wm. Burton, "Father" 
Bauke, David Sessions, William Walker 
(of the Nauvoo police force), John Bolston, 
Joseph Field ng, Mary Smith, James Law- 
son, Win. McMillan Thompson, Winslow 
Farr, S adrach Roundy and sons, D mick 
B. Huntington, Levi W. Jackman, John S. 
Higbee, Charles Foster, Dr. Hovey, Win. 
Moss, Mercey It. Thompson and others. A 
few of these families moved out on their 
lots in the fall of 1848, but the majority re- 
mained until the spring of 1849. 

The Ward originally consisted of only 
nine blocks, and all the low lands west of 
these were covered with water, but after 
turning the three channels of City Creek into 
one in 185G, and conveying the water along 
North Temple Street direct to the liver Jor- 
dan, more of the low land near the river 
was reeliimed and settled. Originally only 
one (the middled channel of City Creek ran 
through the Sixteenth Ward. 

In 1850 the people commenced to fence 
into blocks and afterwards into lots. In 
early times money was plentiful on account 
of the amount of gold dust brought into the 
Territory by members of the Mormon Bat- 
talion and others, but it was generally re- 
jected in exchange for produce. So scarce 
were eatables that a lady in the Sixteenth 
"Ward is said, on one occasion, to have cut, 
fitted and sewed a dress for the considera- 
tion of two squashes, and that when asked if 
she would take money instead of the squashes 
agreed upon, she regarded the offer as an 
insult. Seed potatoes were so scarce that 
they could not be bought for money. A 
member of the Ward who tried to purchase 
some, but was refused, was allowed by the 
owner to strip the potatoes of their sprouts, 
which, when planted, produced a good crop 
of potatoes. 

In 1857 the population of the Ward con- 
sisted of 113 families, orG58 souls -332 males 
and 82G females. There were at that time 
also 134 dwellings and 44 stables. In the 
fall of that year, Bishop Cosier was appointed 
major of the Legion and called upon to raise 
25 men from the Sixteenth Ward to inarch 
at a moment's notice to Echo Canyon. The 
company left the city in a heavy snow-storm, 
reached the main body in Echo Canyon, 
rendered efficient aid during the campaign, 
and returned home in December. During 



!he move in 1858 every house in the Ward 
was vacated, the windows being boarded 
up and preparations made to burn every 

thing, in ease of a continuation of hostilities 
between the troops and the citizens. 

In the spring of 18G2, in consequence of 
the heavy snows melting in the mountains, 
City Creek became unsually high, which 
caused large quantities of gravel and soil to 
cave in at variovs points up the creek. 
This was brought down with the current 
and deposited on the low lands of the Six- 
teenth W r ard. The lower part of North 
Temple Street was thus covered with gravel 
to the depth of from one to live feet. For 
six weeks the people worked night and day 
to save their property which was endan- 
gered by the floods. A number, however, 
were forced to leave their houses and seek 
shelter on higher ground. This calamity, 
though resulting in considerable los9 of 
property, was the means of making a good 
gravel road where heretofore nothing but 
an unhealthy swamp had existed. 

In 1S09 the Utah Central Railway Com- 
pany began the erection of machine shops 
and station buildings on the block where 
their depot now is situated, and in January, 
1870, the first railroad (Utah Central) was 
completed to Salt Lake City. Two years 
later the gas works were located on the 
block immediately west of the depot block ; 
coal yards were also opened and a general 
business stir was felt throughout the whole 
Ward. Many improvements of a more pri- 
vate character were made in rapid succes- 
sion in the vicinity of the depot. 

The Ward was first organ zedin February, 
1849, Elder Isaac Higbee being ordained 
Bishop Feb. 22nd of that year; but he only 
acted a short time, as Shadrach Roundy 
was ordained Bishop April 14, 1849. His 
Counselors were John S. Higbee and Levi 
W. Jackman. 

At the October Conference 1849, Coun- 
selor Higbee was called on a mission to Eu- 
rope, and Joseph Fielding was chosen to fill 
the vacancy caused thereby, being appointed 
to act as second Counselor, while Levi W. 
Jackman took the position of first Coun- 
selor. 

At the General Conference in April, 1866, 
Frederick Hester was nominated lor Bishop 
of the Sixteenth Ward. He was ordained 
Oct. 19, lS5(i. Geo. C. Riser and William 
Derr were ordained and set apart to be his 
Counselors Dec. 9, 1856. 

In 18G2, Counselor Derr was succeeded by 
Elnathan Eldredge, who was ordained 
second Counselor to Bishop Kesler Feb. 13, 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



825 



1862. Counselor Eld r edge died Oct. 27, 
1S71, and Theodore -McKean was ordained 
Counselor in his stead shortly afterwards. 

The Ward was reorganized June 26, 1877. 
Frederick Kesler was continued as Bishop, 
and Henry Emery was ordained a High 
Priest and set apart to act as first Coun- 
selor, instead of Geo. C. Riser who had re- 
moved from the Ward. Theodore McKean 
was continued as second Counselor. 

Counselor Emery died June 24, 1881, after 
which Theodore McKean was promoted to 
the position of first Counselor and James 
W. Phippen was called to officiate as second 
Counselor. These changes were effected at 
the quarterly Stake conference held in Salt 
Lake City, July 9, 1881. In 1884 Elder Mc- 
Kean was released from acting as Coun- 
selor because of his position as a member 
oftheHig Council. Consequently Francis 
Cope was ordained a High Priest and set 
apart to act as second Counselor Dec. 18, 
1884. After this change Elder Phippen be- 
came first Counselor. 

The first building erected for meeting and 
school purposes in the Ward was built in 
1849, on the block lying immediately north 
of the depot block. Itwas a small log bail fl- 
ing. In the summer of 1854 a larger house 
was built on the present ward house site. 
This was finally removed to make room for 
the present meeting house which was 
erected in 1872, first opened for meetings in 
January 1873, and dedicated March 30th of 
that year. 

The Sixteenth Ward Square, also known 
as Union Square, was for a number of years 
the favorite camping ground for immigi ant 
trains arriving from the plains. The whole 
block was often literally covered with tents 
and wagons. 

In 1857 a Relief Society was organized 
with Sophia Burgess as President and 
Sophia Tripp and Olive Walker as Coun- 
selors. In 1875 a Young Men's Mutual Im- 
provement Association was organized in the 
.Ward with Walter J. Lewis as President, 
and Theodore McKean, jun., and Eli A. Fol- 
land, Counselors. There had been associa- 
tions of a similar character in the Ward be- 
fore, but this was the first one perfected 
under the direction of the authorities of the 
Church. This association drew a good 
attendance from its commencement and 
has accomplished much good in past years; 
many of its members have filled succesful 
missions to foreign lands. 

—SEVENTEENTH WARD is 
separated from the Nineteenth Ward 
oq the north by 2nd North Street, 



from the Eighteenth Ward on the 
east by East Temple Street, from 
the Fourteenth Ward on the south 
by South Temple Street and from 
the Sixteenth Ward on the west by 
2nd West Street. It comprises nine 
blocks, including the Temple Block. 
The district school house, situated 
on 1st North Street, between West 
Temple and 1st West Streets, is used 
for meeting and other Ward pur- 
poses. It is a fine two-story brick 
building, 60x36 feet. There is also 
a Relief Society Hall in the Ward 
and a number of fine residences. 
Most of the inhabitants are Latter- 
day Saints. Apostle John Henry 
-naith resides in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of tbe Ward stood as follows : 

Bishopric — John Tingey, Bishop ; 
Albert W. Davis, first, and Alonzo 
E. Hyde, second Counselor ; Edward 
W. Davis, ward clerk. 

Teachers' Quorum — Franklin S. 
Tingey, Pres. ; J. Davis, Counselor. 

Deacons' Quorum — Zeb. Jacobs, 
Pres. ; Geo. Alder and Geo. A, Smith, 
Counselors. 

Sunday School — Walter J. Beatie, 
supt. ; Franklin S. Tingey and Ar- 
thur F. Barnes, assistants ; Zebulon 
H. Jacobs, secretary and treasurer. 

Belief Society — Bathsheba W. 
Smith, Pres, ; Julia Pack and Har- 
riet A. Preston, Counselors ; Eliza- 
beth Bull, secretary and treasurer. 

T. M. M. I. A.— David F. Davis, 
Pres. ; Walter J. Beatie and Hemy 
G. Bywater, Counselors ; Charles 
W. Clayton, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A.— Julia C. Howe, 
Pres. ; Ann Groesbeck and Elizabeth 
Smith, Counselors ; Ella Dallas, sec- 
retary ; Lizzie Barnes, treasurer. 

Primary Association — Julia C. 
Howe, Pres. ; Ella Dallas, Bathsheba 
W. Smith, Victoria Clayton and Liz- 
zie Barnes, Counselors ; Priscilla 
Smith, secretary ; Sarah Smith, treas- 
urer. (This association was first 
organized Nov. 30, 1878, with Eliza- 
beth Groesbeck as President, Clar- 
issa W. Williams and Sarah Bur- 
bidge as Counselors, and Elizabeth 
Smith as secretary. ) 



326 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



History— The followirg are the names 
of the original owners of lots in the Seven- 
teenth Ward: Charles C. Rich, Henry W. 
Bi-l-r, John Hess, Jesse B. Martin, Jesse 
W. Crosby, Alfred B. Lambson, Geo. A. 
Smith, Epbraim Green, Thomas Callister, 
Mary Smith (widow of John L. Smith), 
John Sin th, John M- Bernhisel, Albert 
Harrington, Joseph L. Heywood, William 
Clayton, Thomas Clayton, Harvey Green 
John P. Porter, Joseph Rich, John Pack, 
Aaron Farr, Lorin Farr, Norton Jacobs, 
Henry Herriman, A. Hale, Joel Ricks, 
Thomas Whittle, Geo. B. Wallace, Alfred 
Randall, Win. McBride, Martin H. Peck, 
Hosea dishing, William King, Philo John- 
son, Ozpo Eastman, Edson Whipple, David 
Wilkie, Nathan N. Collins, Horace Gibbs, 
Leonard E. Harrington, Daniel Russell, 
John Gray, James Beck, George Morris 
and Robert Bayard- 

At a meeting called by the First Presi- 
dency of the Church, Feb. 22, 1840, at the 
house of George B. Wallace, for the pur- 
pose of setting apart and ordaining Bishops 
to preside over the several Wards in G. S. 
L. City, Joseph L. Heywood was set apart 
under the hands of Heber C. Kimball, Bar- 
ley 1'. Pratt and Franklin D. Richards to 
preside as a Bishop over the Seventeenth 
Ward. On Feb. 25th, at a meeting called 
by Presiding Bishop N. K. Whitney, at W. 
W. Phelps' school nouse, for the purpose of 
ordaining Counselors to the Bishops, Al bert 
Carrington was ordained and set apart by 
Joseph L. Hey wood and John Murdock to 
act as a Counselor to Bishop Heywood; and 
at a meeting held in the house of Bishop 
Heywood, March 1, 1849, Father John Smith 
was set apart a- second Counselor to Bishop 
Heywood, under the hands of C. C. Rich, 
Joseph L. Heywood and Lorin Fair. At 
that meetingalsoH was voted that the Ward 
shoind be fenced entire, that the fence 
should be finished by the 1st of April fol- 
lowing, that there should be a road around 
each block, two rods in w'dth, that Lorin 
Fair and Wm. Clayton should act as a com- 
mittee to assign to the owners or represent- 
atives of lots their quota of fence and the 
place where the same should be set, etc. At 
another meeting held March 15, 1845, it was 
decided "that the Ward should fence in so 
much of the T< mple Block as lies north of 
City (reck, and that Joseph L. Heywood 
have the privilege of cultivating that por- 
tion of the block the ensuing season." 

April IS, 1849, 1 he members of the Ward 

met at the "Bill Post", and voted that a 



school house should be established and sus- 
tained by a direct tax on the Ward in pro- 
portion to the value of property. The Bish- 
op and his Counselors were authorized to 
procure a room and engage a teacher. The 
meeting also decided that no cattle should 
be driven through the Ward after it was 
fenced. It was concluded to keep up 
prayer meetings every Thursday, etc. 

July 19, 1849, Aaron F. Farr was set apart 
(under the hands of Joseph L. Heywood 
and Albert Carrington) to act as second 
Counselor to Bishop Heywood, in the place 
of John Smith, Patriarch, who desired to 
be released in consequence of infirmity. 

Elder Heywood being absent on a trip 
to Carson Valley, was succeeded by Thomas 
Callister, who was ordained Bishop Sept. 
17, 1855. Nathan Davis and Martin H. 
Peck (both ordained Aug. 26, 1856) were 
chosen as his Counselors. 

Bishop Callister being called to the posi- 
tion of Presiding Bishop in Millard County, 
Counselor Nathan Davis succeeded him as 
Bishop of the Seventeenth Ward, and was 
ordained to that position December 15, 1861. 
April 10, 1862, Alfred Randall and George 
Morris were ordained to be his Counselors. 
Subsequentlv Elder Randall removed to 
Weber County, and Martin H. Peek was set 
apart to act as first Counselor to Bishop 
Davis May 12, 1870. 

In 1875 Bishop Davis resigned and John 
Henry Smith, his successor (ordained Nov. 
22, 1875), entered on the duties of his office 
as Bishop Jan. 1, 1876. John Tingey ar.d 
Geo. Dunford were ordained Hiirh Priests 
and set apart to act as his Counselors, April 
20, 1876. 

When the Ward was reorganized June 26, 
1S77, Albert Wesley Davis was set apart as 
second Counselor to Bishop Smith, instead 
of Geo. Dunford, who was called to preside 
in Malad, Idaho. 

John Henry Smith having been promoted 
to the Apostleship, Counselor John Tingey 
was ordained Bishop of the Ward, Nov. 6, 
1880. The same day Albert W. Davis and 
Alonzo Eugene Hyde were set apart to act 
as his Counselors. 

The first Sabbath School in the Seven- 
teenth Ward was organized April 16, lfS54, 
with William Jackson as superintendent. 

EIGHTEENTH WARD is hound- 
ed on the north by the mountains, 
separated from the Twentieth Ward 
on the east by C Street, from the 
Thirteenth Ward on the south by 
-outh Temple >treet and from the 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



327 



Seventeenth and Nineteenth Wards 
on the west by East Temple Street 
and Arsenal Hill. It had 617 inhabit- 
ants in l.SNU. The Ward is located 
on both sides of City Creek and con- 
tains a large number of very fine 
residences. The general Church 
oflices and Tithing Office, the Dps- 
eret News Ofiice, etc., are located in 
this Ward, also the Church black- 
smith shop, the Deseret Silk Fac 
tory. Pioneer Flour Mills, etc. The 
public buildings within the limits 
of the Ward are the beautiful ward 
house. or chapel. located on the hill on 
A Streets between Second and Third 
Streets east of City Creek. It is a 
brick budding, 52x33 feet, aud has 
a line steeple on the east end. Im- 
mediately south of it is the "Inde- 
pendent School House", a two-story 
brick budding, 60x33 feet, recently 
erected. There is also the late Pres. 
Young's private school house, near 
the Eagle Gate, which was used for 
meetings and all kinds of public 
gatherings previous to the erection 
of the present ward house. Apostle 
George Teasdale and Brigham 
Young reside in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Orson F. Whitney, 
Bishop; Robert Patrick and William 
B. Barton. Counselors. 

Deacons' Quorum — John Y. Rob- 
bins, Pres. 

Sunday School — James Saville, 
supt.; Douglas A. Swain and Rulon 
S. Wells, assistants; S. B. t law son, 
secretary. 

Relief Society — Ellen Barton, Pres. 

Y. M & Y. L. M I A.— Rulon 
S. Wells. Pres. ; .James Saville and 
James M. Harlow, Counselors; B. 
S. Young, secretary. 

History — The Ward was* first settled by 
Pros. Brigham Yotimr, Heher C. Kimball 
and Newel K. Whitney in the spring of 
1S4D. Th"so were about the only three 
families in the Ward 'or several years; and 
it was not until the bench east of Pres. 
Younjr's gardens was opened for settlers, at 
a later d iy, that the Ward began to assune 
is If In October, 1853, there were 241 



souls in the Ward. "When G. S. L. City 
was divided into Nineteen Wards, Feb. 14, 
1S49, Presiding Bishop N. K. Whitney wan 
appointed Bishop of the Eighteenth Ward, 
hut no regular Ward organization was 
effected at that time, there being but a very 
lew inhabitants. In April, 1851, Lorenzo 
D. Young was appointed Bishop. He acted 
for some time without Counselors, and also 
resided in the Sugar House Ward until 1854. 
John Whitney was chosen as one of his 
Counselors at an early day, but did not act 
in that capacity. John Sharp was subse- 
quently chosen as one of his Counselors and 
acted in that position until October, 1856, 
when the Twentieth Ward was organized, 
comprising what was formerly the east part 
of the Eighteenth Ward. Gradually the 
latter became practical y extinct, being 
merged into the Twentieth, but was by 
Pres. Brigham Young revived in February, 
1870, when, by bun, the Bishopric was 
reorganized, by the selection of David O. 
Calder and I u Nicholson as Counselors 
to Bishop Lorenzo D. Young. The bound- 
aries of the Ward were then prescribed as 
they now exist. The meetings were held 
in President Young's school house, near 
the Eagle Gate. 

In the spring of 1876, David O. Calder 
was selected to be first Counselor to Pres. 
Angus M. Cannon in the Presidency of the 
S It Lake stake of Zion, and in consequence 
was necessarily released from his position 
in the Bishopric of the Eighteenth Vard. 
On the 3rd of July, 1S77, John Nicholson 
was set apart as first and William B B r- 
ton as second Counselor to Bishop Young. 

In June, 1873, another change occurred by 
the resignation of Bishop Young, who had 
removed his residence to the First Ward, 
and lor the next few weeks the Ward was 
placed in charge of .John Nicholson as pre- 
siding High Priest. The latter was called 
the following July 7th, to go on a mission 
to Europe, and on July 14, 1878, Orson P. 
Whitney was ordained Bishop, with Robert 
Patrick and William B. Barton as his Coun- 
selors. They still occupy these positions. 

In June, L880, the building of the new 
chapel, by donation of the Saints, was be- 
gun. It was duly completed and, on Jan. 
14, 1883, was dedicated, Pres. Joseph F. 
Smith offering the dedicatory prayer and 
Pres. John Taylor delivering a discourse on 
the occasion. It was resolved to build an 
independent sc ool house, in which the 
children of the Latter-day Saints could be 
I taught ; the necessary around was purchased 



328 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



adjacent to the chapel, and a commence- 
ment made Oct. 4, 1884. It is a comely and 
•convenient building, two stories high, and 
is nearly finished. The Ward has within 
the last five years especially been built up 
more rapidly than any other part of the city, 
as it originally contained more vacant de- 
sirable sites for residences than any other 
locality, and these have been largely ap- 
propriated. 

— NINETEENTH WARD com- 
prises the north-western part of Salt 
Lake City, is bounded on the north 
by the limits of the city, east by the 
mountains and Arsenal Hill, which 
separates it from the Eighteenth 
Ward, separated from the Seven- 
■ teenth and Sixteenth Wards on the 
south by 2nd North Street and on 
the west b} 7 the river Jordan. It 
contains over one hundred 10-acre 
blocks, besides a number of small 
irregular blocks on the Arsenal Hill 
slope, and had 1,585 inhabitants in 
1880. The ward house, an adobe 
building, 61x30 feet, is situated on 
the corner of 4th North and 2nd 
West Streets. Joining it is two 
school houees, one on the north and 
one on the south side. The northern 
part of the Ward is but sparsely 
settled, there being only a few resi- 
dents north of 7th North Street. 

Among the home industries of 
this Ward may be mentioned the 
Soap Factory, which produces as 
fine qualities of common and fancy 
soaps as any imported articles. The 
Deseret Knitting Factory, on 6th 
North Street (Wm. Pearson, pro- 
prietor) was opened in 1885. Item- 
ploys 25 hands and turns out on an 
average 30 dozen pair of stockings 
per day. There are also two tan- 
neries, a glass factory, three lime 
kilns, a brick yard, salt works, etc. 
The famous Warm .Springs, on 2nd 
West ^treet, and the Hot Springs 
further north, are within the limits 
of the Ward. Apostle John W. 
Taylor resides in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward stood as follows ; 

Bishopric- James Watson, Bish- 
op ; Henry Arnold and A. W. Carl- 



son, Counselors ; Alexander Ed- 
wards, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorum — There are five 
quorums presided over by John 
Edwards, John Holmes, Daniel Bath, 
Wm. Neal and Julius Billeter. 

Sunday School — Wm. Asper, 
supt. ; Alfred Solomon and Alexan- 
der Edwards, assistants ; John South, 
secretary. 

Relief Society — Rachel Whipple, 
Pres. ; Ann E. Neal and Ann Player, 
Counselors ; Adelaide Ridges, sec. 

Y. M. M. I. i.-Wm. O. Lee, 
Pres. ; John L. Nebeker and Fred. 
Rich, Counselors ; Edward J. Wood, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A.— Mary E. Irvine, 
Pres. : Mary E. Dean, Elizabeth 
Bowman and Alice Kimball, Coun- 
selors ; Rachel Hamlin, secretary. 

Primary Association — Rebecca 
Noall, Pres. ; Ella Nebeker and Liz- 
zie Bowman, Louisa C. Lee, Coun- 
selors ; 

History — Among the first settlers of the 
Ward were James Hendrix, A. H. Raleigh, 
Wm. M. Lemmon, John and Peter Nebeker, 
Christopher Merkley, Samuel B. Moore and 
others. In October, 1853, there were 572 
inhabitants in the Ward, and in December, 
1856, it contained 539 souls, 84 houses, 30 
carriages and wagons and 28 teams. 

The Ward was first organized in 1849, 
with James Hendrix as Bishop. He was or- 
dained Feb. 22; 1849. On July 13, 1851, A. 
H. Raleigh and Sydney A. Knowiton were 
set apart as his Counselors. 

Bishop Hendrix continued as Bishop un- 
til the April Conference, 1856, when Coun- 
selor A. H. Raleigh was voted to be Bishop 
of the Ward. He was ordained to that posi- 
tion by Bishop Edward Hunter May 6th, 
following. His Counselors were Sylvester 
H. Earl and Jos. H. Hovey. Elder Earl 
was called to go to Cache Valley and Elder 
Hovey to southern Utah as settlers, after 
which Bishop Raleigh acted without Coun- 
selors for several years, only calling to his 
assistance such help as he needed from 
time to time in trying cases in Bishop's 
court, etc. In the fall of 1869 Bishop Ral- 
eigh was called on a mission to the States. 
During his absence Henry Grow had tem- 
porary charge of the Ward. Bishop Raleigh 
returned from his mission in the spring of 
1870, and soon afterwards he chose William 
Asper and Henry Arnold as his Counselors. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



329 



In the fall of 1876 a petition signed by a 
few dissatisfied residents of the Ward was 
forwarded to Pres. Brigham Young, pray- 
ing for the removal of Bishop Raleigh. To 
counteract this, the following signed by the 
Bishop's Counselors, 21 of tb« 22 Ward 
Teachers and several hundred others was 
prepared, but, however, never presented to 
Pres. Young : 

"We the undersigned inhabitants of 
the Nineteenth Ward, Salt Lake City, are 
satisfied that Alonzo H. Raleigh was 
chosen of the Lord to be our Bishop and 
that He has sustained him, and we feel to 
continue to sustain him as such. And we 
further believe that whoever seeks to sup- 
plant him or impair his influence to do good 
in that capacity are promotors of dissension, 
rebellion and division and are not impelled 
or inspired by the spirit of the Lord." 

The Ward was reorganized July 2, 1S77. 
On that occasion Richard V. Morris was 
sustained as Bishop; Wm. Asper and Henry 
Arnold were again chosen as Counselors. 
They were all set apart by Pres. Daniel H. 
Wells. 

May 8, 1881, Elder A. W. Carlson was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart as second 
Counselor. Elder Asper, who had been 
called to the Southern States on a mission, 
was succeeded by Henry Arnold as first 
Counselor. 

Bishop Morris died March 12, 1882, and at 
a meeting held in the ward house, June 4, 
1882, at which Pres. Joseph F. Smith, Apos- 
tle W. Woodruff, the Stake Presidency and 
others were present, James Watson was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart as Bish- 
op of the Ward by Pres. Jos. F. Smith. 
June 11, 1882, Henry Arnold was set apart 
as first and A. W. Carlson as his second 
Counselor. 

The first public house in the Ward was 
built in 1851 on the site of the present ward 
house. It was a small adobe building. The 
main part of the present ward house was 
dedicated Feb 6, 1866. It is also used for 
school purposes. Since then two wings 
have been added, one on the north and 
another on the south side. 

A Sunday School was organized in the 
Nineteenth Ward April 21, 1867, with Paul 
Lechtenberg as superintendent. Wm. As- 
per, R. V. Morris, Peter Nebeker, Jos. Shaw 
and Philip Pugsley were among the first 
teachers. Means towards the buying of 
books for the commencement of a Sunday 
School library was furnished by Bishop A. 
H. Raleigh, R. V. Morris, Henry Grow, 
Philip Pugsley, Joseph Shaw, Henry Arnold 
and others. 



—TWENTIETH WARD is bound- 
ed on the north by the mountains, 
separated from the Twenty-first 
Ward on the east by H Street, from 
the Twelfth Ward on the south by 
South Temple Street and from the 
Eighteenth Ward on tie west by C 
Street. It contains 60 2i-acre blocks 
and had 1,112 inhabitants in 1880. 
The ward house, a fine brick build- 
ing, 70x35 feet, is situated on the 
corner of Second and D Streets, and 
was erected in 1883. The old ward 
house, with adjoining school house, 
both adobe buildings, are lying on 
the same block. Apostle George 
Teasdale resides in this Ward. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- * 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Wm. E. Bassett, Bish- 
op ; George Roinney and Geo. F. 
Gibbs, Counselors; Levi W. Rich- 
ards, ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorums— Edgar Sim- 
mons, Pres. ; Alexander Lyon and 
Charles J. Ross, Counselors. 

Sunday School— Wm. Salmon, 
supt. ; Heber J. Romney and Wm. 
H. Tovey, assistants ; Orson D. 
Romne}-, secretary. 

Relief Society— Jane Miller, Pres, ; 
Rhoda Owen and Elizabeth Barton, 
Counselors. 

Twentieth Ward Institute ( Y. M. 
M. I. A.)— Charles W. Stayuer, 
Pres. ; Oliver Hodgson and A. B. 
Simmons, Counselors ; P^ter Elliot, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. 4.-Lula G. Rich- 
ards, Pres.; Cecelia Sharp and Ellen 
V. Romney, Counselors. 

Primary Association — Emma 
Toone. Pres. ; Margaret Sharp and 
Alice Phillips, Counselors. 

History— At the semi-annual confer- 
ence of the Church held in G. S. L. City, 
Oct. 6, 1856, the Ward was first organized 
out of the east part of what then comprised 
the Eighteenth Ward. John Sharp was or- 
dained Bishop of the new Ward, with Wm. 
C. Dunbar and Wm. L. X. Allen as Coun- 
selors. This Bishopric stood unchanged 
for more than twenty years. 

At the time of the reorganization in 1877, 
vf hen the Ward was divided and the east- 



330 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



era part organized into a new Ward (the 
Twenty-first Ward), Henry Puzey was ap- 
pointed second Counselor to Bishop Sharp, 
instead of Klder Allen, who, after the 
change, became a resident of thencw Ward. 
In 1^5 Bishop Sharp resigned, after 
which Counselor Win. C. Dunbar had tem- 
porary charge of the Ward until Aug. 27, 
1886, when the present Bishopric was or- 
dained and set apart, consisting of Win. E. 
BasseLt as Bishop and George Ronmey and 
George Francis Gibbs as Counselors. 

— TWENTY-FIR sT WARD, com- 
prising the north-east part of -alt 
Lake City, is bounded on the north 
by the mountains, on the east by the 
Fort Douglas Military Reservation, 
separated from the Eleventh Ward 
•on the south bySouth Temple Street, 
and from the Twentieth Ward on 
the west hy H Street. It contains 
16S 2£-acre (docks and had 1.027 in- 
habitants in 18*>0. The ward house, 
a brick building, 64x28 feet, is situ- 
ated on First street, between J and 
K Streets. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishop rir — Wm. L. N. Allen, 
Bishop ; Herbert J. Foulger and 
Marcellus S. Woolley, Counselors; 
Robert Aveson, ward clerk. 

There is a Priests' Q iorum, pre- 
sided over by the Bishopric, and a 
quorum of ordained Teachers under 
the presidency of W. S. Higham, 
Willard Allen and Wallace C. Castle- 
ton. 

Deacons' Quorum — 1st Quorum: 
Albert Adkins, Pres. ; James T. 
Shore and Ralph Snowball, Coun- 
selors. 2nd quorum: Counselors 
Amos Cardwell and W. P. Affleck, 
jun., presiding. 

Sunday School — Wm. D. Owen, 
jun., Pres.; Robert Aveson and 
Joseph W. Maynes, Counselors; 
Wm. G. Westwood, secretary. 

Relief Society — Ann Olivia Burt, 
Pres. ; Hannah Allen and Susannah 
Foulger, Counseors; Elizabeth 
Matthews, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— Walter W. Wil- 
liams, Pres. ; Thomas Moss and 
Marcellus S. Woolley, Counselors. 



Y. L. M. I. A.— Harriet Long- 
more, Pres. ; Isabella Muir and 
Helena Barton, Counselors; Martha 
Picknell, secretary. 

Primary Association- Mary Davis, 
Pres. ; Annie Steers and' Eliza 
Schutte, Counselors; Eva Barfoot, 
secretary. 

History— The Ward was first organized 
July 5, 1877, out of t lie east part of the 
Twentieth Ward. On that occasion Andrew 
Burt was set apart as Bishop by Orson 
Pratt, Herbert J. Foulger as first Counselor 
by Daniel H. Wells, and Win. L. N. Allen 
as second Counselor by Apostle John Taylor. 

Bishop Burt was killed Aug. 25, [883, 
while on duty in Salt Lake City, after which 
Counselors Foulger and Allen had tempo- 
rary charge of the Ward until Oct. 21, Kss3, 
when a new Bishopric was ordained and set 
apart, consisting of Wm. L. N. Allen as 
Bishop, and II. J. Foulger and Andrew F. 
Macfarlane, as Counselors. 

Counselor Macfarlane died 'sept. 20, 1886, 
and Marcellus Simmons Woolley was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart by Pres. 
Angus M. Cannon as second Counselor to 
Bishop Allen, Jan. 10, 1SS". 

SANDY PRKCINCT is bound- 
ed on the north by West Jordan 
and Union Precincts, east by Gran- 
ite Precinct, south by Draperville 
Precinct and west it is separated 
from the South Joidan and West Jor- 
dan Precincts by the river Jordan. 
It contains nine square miles of farm- 
ing land. The population in 18<s0 
was 488. About two-thirds of the 
entire population are ''Mormons" 
and fully one half of Scandinavian 
descent, mostly Swedish. Near the 
centre of the precinct is located the 
village of Sandy which is also a sta- 
tion on the Utah Central Railway 
and Alta Branch of the D. & R. (1. 
Ry., 12 miles south of Salt Lake 
City, the county seat. It contains 
two steam sampling works, two 
smelters, seven stores, five saloons, 
one brewery, two boarding houses 
and a number of shops. Ore and 
general farm products are the prin- 
cipal shipments. The town site 
covers 1(50 acres of land. Although 
a small town, it is one of consider- 
able importance. A large portion 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



331 



of the ores from the Cottonwoods 
and Bingham Canyon are shipped 
there for sampling. After being 
tested, much of the ore remains in 
Sandy until sold, and the business 
of handling, transferring and ship- 
ping ores is the principal enterprise 
of the inhabitants. Considerable 
tame hay and grain are raised within 
the limits of the precinct, notwith- 
standing the sandy and light charac- 
ter of the soil. 

History— Sandy derives its name from 
the sandy soil on which it is located. The 
Utah Southern Railway Company selected 
the site for a station because of its altitude, 
it being the highest point, from which a 
branch road could be built to the mouth of 
Little Cottonwood Canyon. This was done 
in L871, the Utah Central Railway complet- 
ing its track to that point Sept. 23, 1871. 

In the winter of 1S71-72 a post office was 
established at Sandy with Isaac Harrison as 
postmaster. 

Isaac Harrison built the first hotel and 
Charles Decker the first store. The rail- 
road company soon afterwards built a fine 
depot with an adjoining hotel, which were 
destroyed by a disastrous fire, July 13, 1880. 
A town site was surveyed and building lots 
sold at a high figure, and for several months, 
while Sandy was the terminus of the Utah 
Central Railway, a vast amouut of shipping 
was (lone to and from points south-east and 
west, especially from the mines at Pioche, 
Bingham and Little Cottonwood. 

In 1873 Sandy was made a voting precinct, 
and Isaac Harrison was elected the first jus- 
tice of the peace. This year, also, the Wa- 
satch and Jordan Valley Railway (now 
known as the Alta Branch of the D. & R. G. 
Ry.) was completed between Sandy and 
Fairfield Flat in Little Cottonwood Canyon, 
a distance of eight miles. 

Soon after the opening of the Utah Cen- 
tral Railway a smelter (the Saturn) was 
built a short distance south of the station 
and commenced operations; the Flagstaff 
was the next one. It was built on an elevated 
piece of ground directly east of rhe town. 
Afterwards the Mountain Chief, (later 
known a- the Mingo), which is now the only 
smelter in operation at Sandy, was built near 
the Kite of the Saturn, the latter having pre- 
viously closed down. Teaming to and from 
the mines and the opening of these smelters 
brought in a large number of "roughs" from 
various parts of the country, and in conse- 



quence thereof Sandy was made the scene 
of several unpleasant affairs, in which a 
number of men lost their lives. One of 
these affairs took place in June, 1874, when 
the news of the passage of the Poland Bill 
by the U. S Congress reached Sandy- The 
non-Mormon element immediately grew ex- 
cited ami having organized for the purpose, 
they marched through town visiting nearly 
every "Mormon" family and gave, at each 
place where they called, three cheers for 
Robert N. Baskin (the "Ring" candidate 
for delegate to Congress) and the Poland 
Bill, and three groans for Geo. Q. Cannon, 
the "Peoples" candidate. At the following 
election (Aug. 3, 1874) the "roughs" picked 
a quarrel with the "Mormons" who came 
forward to vote, during wnich John W. 
Sharp was severely beaten and would per- 
haps have been killed, had it not been for 
the timely aid of Conductor Win. Hiskey, 
who came in with the north bound train in 
the evening. He armed himself with two 
six-shooters and scattered the mobbers in 
all directions. For several days afterwards 
a number of armed men watched the train 
for the purpose of killing the conductor, 
in which, however, they were not success- 
ful. Only a few months afterwards the 
business at Sandy became stagnant, and 
most of the parties who participated in the 
riot left for Montana. Alter a lev years 
nearly all the transient characters had re- 
moved to other parts, and only the far ing 
population, which consisted chiefly of "Mor- 
mons," and which nowcompi is,'> nearly two- 
-thirds of the population, remained. That 
the "Liberal Parly" gained the victory at the 
election for school trustee in 1SN7 was 
largely due to the fact that a large number 
of the. people are foreigners, (mostly Scan- 
dinavians) who have not yet secured their 
naturalization papers, and consequently 
could not vote. 

SANDY WARD is coextensive 
with andy Precinct. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric — Ezekiel Holman, Bish- 
op ; Einil Hartviksen and Andrew 
Olsen Gaelte, ( ounselors ; Win. W. 
Wilson, ward clerk. 

There is a Teachers' Quorum pre- 
sided over by Martin Guuderson. 

Deacons' Quorums — Alfred An- 
dersen and Richard Cowley preside 
over the 1st and 2nd Quorums. 



332 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



Sunday School — Isaac Harrison, 
supt. ; Heber Goff and Wm. R. Scott, 
assistants; N. H. Halstrom and N. 
M. Nielson. secretaries. 

Relief Society — Wilhelmine Olsen, 
Pres. ; Harriet Wilson and Catherine 
Harrison, Counselors; Mary Jane 
Scott and Hilda Larson, secretaries. 

Y. M. & Y. L. M. I. A.— Wm. 
R. ^cott, Pres. ; B. H. Bowen and 
Hannah Shaw, Counselors: Elisha 
Shaw and Mary Jane Lewis, secre- 
taries. 

Prima ry Association — Hannah 
Shaw. Pres. ; Jane Clark and Mary 
Jane Lewis, Counselors; Ruth Lewis 
and John E. Hartvikson, secretaries. 

History— The few Saints who first located 
at Sandy attended meetings in the surround- 
ing Wards uutii the fall of 1873, when they 
hired a hall of Mr. Geo. Parker for $15 per 
mouth and commenced to hold meetings 
for themselves. Isaac Harrison was the 
first presiding Elder, under the direction of 
the Bishopric of the South Cottonwood 
Ward. Later, meetings were held in a room 
of the Utah Central Railway depot, until 
Andrew O. Gaelte opened his private house 
free of charge for meeting purposes. Fi- 
nally. Wm. Newell, Isaac Harrison,Wm. E. 
Scott, A. O. Gaelte and others bought a smali 
lumber building and moved it on rails from 
a point near the Utah Central track to the 
vicinity of where the Sandy meeting house 
now stands. In that house regular meet- 
ings were held for a number of years. In 
the meantime Elder Harrison was succeeded 
in the presidency of the branch by Wm. 
Newel who, in turn, was succeeded by Elder 
Harrison. The latter presided until 1877, 
when the Union Ward was organized and 
Sandy became a branch of the same, under 
the presidency of John W. Sharp, who was 
called to act as presiding Elder of the Sandy 
Branch July 1, 1877. Being at that time ab- 
sent on a preaching mission, from which he 
did not return until fall, he was not set apart 
to his position until July 7, 1878. Before 
hi^ return Thomas Smart and Henry Jtus- 
sell had temporary charge, and later, when 
Elder Sharp occasionally was absent, Elders 
Henry Russell, Isaac Harrison and Wm. 
Lewis presided in the meetings. 

At an early day a Sunday School was or- 
ganized by Isaac Harrison and Wm. B. 
Scott. This was frequented by both "Mor- 
mons" and "Gentiles" alike for a longtime 
until finally the non-Mormons opened a 



school of their own in a vacant building be- 
longing to the Saturn Smelting Company. 
The Latter-day Saint Sunday School was 
thoroughly reorganized Nov. 2, 1879, by El- 
der John W. Sharp. 

A mutual improvement association for 
both sexes was organized in the fall of 1881, 
with Win. Lewis as President. Before the 
close of the year it had sixty members en- 
rolled. 

Elder Sharp continued in charge of the 
branch until Sept. 3, 1882, when the Sandy 
branch was organized into a separate Ward, 
with Ezekiel Holman as Bishop and Emil, 
Hartviksen and A. O. Gaelte as Counselors. 
Wm. W. Wilson was appointed ward clerk. 
This Bishopric still stands unchanged. 

Nov. 4, 1882, a Relief Society was organ- 
ized with Wilhelmine Olsen as President, 
Harriet Wilson and Catherine Lewis, Coun- 
selors, and Mary E. L. Xeff. secretary. 

Soon after the organization of the Ward, 
steps were taken to build a meeting hou-e, 
the Bmall school building in which the Saints 
hitherto had met for religious worship being 
inadequate to accommodate all. Consequent- 
ly, a neat frame building,26x40 feet, was erect- 
ed in the winter of 1882-83, and meetings 
held in it for the first time in January, 1883. 

SILVERTON PRECINCT, es- 
tablished June G, 1871, contains about 
thirty-five square miles of mountain 
country, bounded on the north by 
East Mill Creek Precinct, east by 
the summit of the Wasatch Moun- 
tains, which separates it from Sum- 
mit County, south by Little Cotton- 

I wood Precinct, and west by Butler 
Precinct. It contains all that section 

| of the Wasatch Mountains, which is 
drained by the head-waters of the 
Big Cottonwood Creek. Population 

1 in 1880, 121. This precinct is in- 

I eluded in the Granite Ward. 

SOUTH COTTONWOOD PRE- 
CINCT, established July 21. 1863, 
is bounded on the north by Mill 
Creek Precinct, east by Big Cotton- 
wood and Butler Precincts, south 
by Union and West Jordan Precincts, 
and west it is separated from the 
North Jordan Precinct by the river 
Jordan. It contains about twelve 
square miles of country. Popula- 
tion in 1880, 1.288. 

This precinct comprises four school 
districts, numbered respectively. 24 



SALT LAKE COUNTY 



333 



25, 26 and 45. There are three fine 
brick school houses, one in each of 
the three first-named districts. One 
of these buildings is located near 
Swen M. LovendahPs residence, 
near by the Utah Central Railway 
track, another on the State Road, 
near Francklyn Station, and a third 
one on the county road, near Nathan 
Tanner's residence. 

SOUTH COTTONWOOD WARD 

is coextensive with the precinct 
of the same name. The ward 
house, situated a mile east of the 
State Road, on rising ground north 
of the South Cottonwood Creek, is 
about ten miles south-east from the 
Temple Block, Salt Lake City. South 
Cottonwood is noted for its excellent 
tame hay, mostly lucern, clover and 
timothy. A fine quality of peas is 
also produced. 

The Germania and Horn Silver 
Smelters are located in the lower part 
of the Ward. About one-third of the 
population of the Ward are "Gen- 
tiles." 

In May, 1887, the presiding offi- 
cers of the Ward were as follows : 

Bishopric Joseph S. Rawlins, 
Bishop ; Win. Boyce and Thos. A. 
Wheeler, Counselors ; Richard Howe, 
ward clerk. 

There is a Teachers' Quorum, pre- 
sided over by Henry J. Brown, and 
three Deacons' Quorums. 

Sunday School — Louis A. Kelsch, 
supt. ; Richard Howe and Charles 
Walter, assistants; Wm. Bradford, 
secretary. 

Relief Society - Mary Rawlins, 
Pres. ; Ann Wheeler and Phoebe 
Boyce, Counselors ; Harriet Ann 
Walker, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A. — Louis A. Kelsch, 
Pres. ; John G. Labrun and Chr. 
H. Steffensen, Counselors; Jacob 
Tipton, secretary. 

Y. L. M I. A. -Isabella Erik- 
sen, Pres. ; Ann E. Labrun and 
Annie M. Thompson, Counselors; 
Rose Kelsch, secretary. 

Primary Association. — Elizabeth 
Davis, Pres. ; Margaret Carruth and 



Sarah Ann Wootton, Counselors ; 
Emily Brinton, secretary. 

History— When Apostle Amasa M. 
Lyman arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley with 
his company of Saints, in October, 1848, 
he located part of them (mainly a number 
of families from the State of Mississippi (at 
a point between the two Cottonwood 
Creeks, about ten miles south-east from the 
Great Salt Lake City fort. A tract of coun- 
try, consisting of about one mile square, 
was surveyed and divided into 10-aere lots 
for the convenience of the settlers, among 
whom were Amasa M. Lyman, Wm. Crosby, 
Daniel Clark, James M. Flake, John Tan- 
ner and sons (Sidney and Nathan), Daniel 
M. Thomas, John Brown, John EL Bank- 
head, Wm. H. Lay and others, with then- 
respective families. The place of their loca- 
tion was subsequently known as the"Amasa 
Survey." 

During the fall and winter of 1848 a few 
houses were built of logs, which the breth- 
ren hauled from near the mouth of Big 
Cottonw T ood and Mill Creek Canyons, but 
most of the people lived in their tents and 
wagons until spring, when a number of 
other houses were built. The first adobe 
house was erected by John Brown in the 
summer of 1849. 

In the meantime water had been taken out 
of the two Cottonwood Creeks, and other 
improvements made. The number of 
settlers were also increased by several fam- 
ilies locating on various points along the 
creeks. .V Ward organization, known orig- 
inally as the Cottonwood Ward but which 
afterwards changed name to South Cotton- 
wood, was finally effected with William 
Crosby as Bishop; James M. Flake was one 
of his Counselors. 

During the year 1849 a small crop of wheat 
was raised, but it grew so scattered and 
short that when harvest came, most of it 
had to be pulled up by hand. The little 
colony, however, was very industrious. The 
crickets were fought vigorously, and im- 
mense numbers of them killed; but notwith- 
standing this, the crops would, no doubt, 
have been destroyed, had not the gulls put 
in their appearance. At first, when the 
colonists saw these birds coining down 
from beyond the Great Salt Lake, they 
feared they were a new plague, but when 
their extraordinary appetite for crickets be- 
came known, the farmers retired to their 
houses, leaving tin; fields of grain and the 
crickets to the gulls. It was soon discovered 
that the birds were far more successful 
than human labor. 



334 



SALT LAKK COUNTS. 



Iii 1S48-50 the little colony grew steadily, 
and prospered as well as any neighborhood 
in Utah at that time. 

The first meetinghouse built in the Ward 
\\as a small adobe building, known as 
Jonathan C. Wright's school bouse. It was 
erected in 1851. Previous to this all tneet- 
Hgs bad been held in private bouses. As 
:ne settlers increased in number, other 
school houses were built, and the first ward 
house was erected in 185(i. It consisted of 
a substantial adobe building, and was at the 
time of its completion the finest meeting 
house outside of Salt Lake City. Tbe pre- 
sent commodious ward house, also an adobe 
building, 60 X 40 feet, was erected in 1809. 

In the fall of 1851 the majority of the 
people accompanied Amasa M. Lyman and 
Charles ( '. Rich to southern California. 
where they located at San Bernardino, after 
which the "Amasa Survey" was transferred 
to the Church. Bishop Crosby being among 
those who went to California, Jonathan C. 
Wright was appointed Bishop in his stead, 
With Levi Stewart and Charles Bird as 
Counselors. He presided unt I the fall of 
1852, when Abraham O. Smoot, who had 
been appointed by the First Presidency to 
take charge of tin- Church properly known 
as tbe "Amasa Survey,' - succeeded him as 
Bishop. Elder Smool's Counselors were 
Jonathan C. Wright and Levi Stewart. 
During the temporary absence of Bishop 
Smoot Counselor Wright had charge of the 
Ward. 

March 14, 1834, Andrew Cahonn was or- 
dained a High Priest and set apart to act as 

Bishop of the Ward, Elder 8 t having 

removed to the Sugar House Ward. Geo. 
W.Gibson and Wm.Carruth acted a- Bishop 
Cahoon's Counselors. Afterwards Win. 
Boyce became a Counselor in the place of 
Elder Carruth. Counselor Gibson removed 
to southern Utah in 1861, when William 
Boyce became first Counselor and Matthew 
Rowan was chosen as second Counselor. 
Counseler Rowan died Jan. 7, 1806, and 
R chard .Maxtield became second Counselor 
in his stead. After these changes Elders 
Boyce and .Maxtield continued as Counselors 
until Bishop Cahoon apostatized and was 
discontinued as Bishop in 1872. 

June (i. 1872, Joseph Sharp Rawlins was 
ordained a Bishop by Pres. Brigham Young, 
and appointed to preside over the Ward. 
He retaned the former Counselors, Elders 
Boyce and Maxtield, until tbe latter was 
dropped in 1878, and Thomas A. Wheeler 
was appointed second Counselor in bis stead. 
During the absence of Elder Wheeler on a 



mission to England in 1875-77, Elder Ishmael 

Phillips acted as temporary Counselor. 

At a meeting held in the South Cotton- 
wood ward house, July 1, 1877, at which 
Prests. Daniel 11. Wells, Angus M. Cannon, 
David 0. 'alder and Joseph E. Taylor were 
present, the South Cottonwood Ward was 
divided into three W ards,the west part only 
being continued under the former name, 
while the Union and Granite Wards wen 
created of the east part. Joseph 8. Rawlins 
was sustained as Bishop and William Boyce 
and Thomas A. Wheeler as his Counselors. 
Bro. Wheeler not having returned from his 
mission to England, and Ishmael Phillips 
having been appointed Bishop of the Union 
Ward, Eider Wm. G. Young was appointed 
to act as temporary Counselor until Elder 
VVheeler'8 return. Win. Boyce and Win. G. 
Young wei" set apart by Pres. D. II. Wells. 

In October, 1877, Elder Wheeler returned 
home, and he was ordained a High Priest 
and set apart as second Counselor the tol- 
lowing November, at a Priesthood meeting 
held in Salt Lake City. 

During the temporary absence of Coun- 
selor Boyce, Elder John G. Labrun has 
acted as second Counselor to Bishop Raw- 
lins. 

In early times the land in the upper part 
of the South Cottonwood Ward was con- 
sidered worthless and unproductive, but 
through the perseverance of the settlers in 
battling patiently with the elements and 
reclaiming the desert lauds, it is now quite 
productive, and all kinds of grain are raised; 
also line 1 1 nils and vegetables. 

SOUTH JORDAN PRECINCT, 
established May 13, isr>7. is hound- 
ed on the north by West Jordan 
Precinct, separated on the east from 
Sandy and Draper Precincts by the 
River Jordan, hounded on the south 
hy Riverton Precinct, and west by 
Herri man Precinct. It contains 
about fourteen square miles of fann- 
ing country. Pop. in 1880, 738. 

SOUTH JORDAN WARD is 
coextensive with the South Jordan 
Precinct. The ward house, situated 
OB rising ground, about one mile 
west of the river J< rdan, is sixteen 
miles south from the Temple Block, 
Salt Lake City, and four miles south- 
west of J-andy, the nearest railway 
station. Farming and sheep-raising 
are the principal industries of the 
people, who are nearly all Latter- 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



335 



day Saints. Water for irrigation 
purposes is had from the Beckstead 
Ditch (made in is. 7 )'.)) and the South 
Jordan and Utah & Salt Lake Canals. 

In May, 1887, the presiding 
authorities of the Ward stood as 
follows : 

Bishopric — William A. Bills, 
Bishop; Jesse Vincent and Henry 
Beckstead. Counselors; Edwin I). 
Holt, ward clerk. 

There is a Priest's Quorum, pre- 
si ed over by the Bishopric, and also 
a number of ordained Teachers and 
Deacons. 

/Sunday School. — Isaac J. Wardle, 
supt. ; Albert Holt and Matthew 
Holt, assistants; James A. Oliver, 
secretary, 

Jielief Society. Ann Holt, Pres. ; 
Emily (t. Beckstead and I mmeline 
Bills, Counselors; Emma Holt, sec- 
retary. 

Y.' 3/. M I. A. Henry B. Beck- 
stead. Pres. ; O. K. Okeson and 
Isaac J. Wardle, jun.. Counselors; 
Peter Winward, secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A — Maria Holt. 
Pres. ; Elizabeth Stocking and Rose 
A. Holt, Counselors; Loretta Beck- 
stead. secretary. 

Primary Association. — Naomi V. 
Oliver, Pres. : Mary H. Beckstead 
and Elizabeth Stocking. Counselors; 
Edward H. Holt, secretarv. 

HlBTOKY — That part of West Jordan 
w ich is now included in the South Jordan 
Ward was tirst Settled by Isaac J. Wardle 
and Samuel Alexander Beckstead, who on 
March 1,1859, located on the bottom land on 
the west side of the river Jordan, at a point 
nearly a mile south of the present South 
Jordan ward house. Other settlers located 
on various bends of the river in the follow- 
ing November. Among them were James 
Oliver, N. G. Soffe, James Wood and Thos. 
Allsop. 

In 1R63 the South Jordan Saints were 
organized into a branch of the West Jordan 
Ward, with James Woods as President. 
William A. Bills succeeded him in I8(i7, 
Pres. Woods having apostatized and joined 
the Josephites. Elder Hills presided for 
about ten years. Meetings were held for a 
number of years in private houses, even 
before there was a branch organization. In 
1SB4 the first school house, an adobe build- 



ing, 18x14 feet, was erected about a quar- 
ter of a mile south-west of the site of the 
present ward house. At that time there 
were only nine families in the branch. This 
house was finally sold to a private party, 
and in 1873 the present ward house, a two- 
story structure, 40x20 feet, built partly of 
rocks and partly of adobes, was erected. 

About the year 1876, when the South Jor- 
dan Canal was finished, the population in- 
creased rapidly, and new farms were opened 
on the bench. Later, when the Utah A: 
Salt Lake Canal was completed, a still 
greater increase of population and prosperity 
was had, and at the present time all kinds 
of tame hay, etc., are raised with great suc- 
cess. 

At a special meeting held in the West 
Jordan ward house, June 17, 1877, the South 
Jordan Ward was organized, with Win. A. 
Bills as Bishop, and Ensign I Stocking and 
Henry Beckstead as his Counselors. Elders 
Bills and Beckstead were ordained and set 
apart by Pres Daniel II. Wells at the time, 
and Elder Stocking at Draper, June 24, 1877, 
also by l'res. Wells. 

Aug 4, iss;], Jesse Vincent was set apart 
to act as first Counselor to Bishop Bills by 
Geo. Q. Cannon, instead of Counselor Stock- 
ing, deceased. 

SUGAR HOU E PRECINCT, 

established July 21, 1863, is bound- 
ed on the north by Salt Lake City 
corporation limit (Roper Street) and 
Davis County, east by Mountain 
Dell Precinct, south by East Mill 
Creek and Mill Creek Precincts, and 
west by Fanners Precinct. It con- 
tains about twenty-two square miles 
of valley and mountain country. ly- 
ing in the shape of an L. Pop. in 
L880, 738. It includes School Dis- 
tricts ISos. 29 and 58. 

SUGAR HOUSE WARD is co- 
extensive with Sugar House Precinct. 
The unfinished ward house, a fine 
brick building, 63x32 feet, is beauti- 
fully situated on high ground, near 
the building known as the Old Paper 
Mill, about four miles south-east of 
the Temple Block. Salt Lake City. 
A majority of the inhabitants are 
Latter day Saints. Witlin the limits 
of this Ward is the Utah Penitentiary, 
where so many of the Elders have 
suffered for conscience' sake. There 
are two school houses, one of which 



336 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



is situated near the unfinished ward 
house, and is used also for meeting 
purposes ; the other is located near 
the foot of the mountains. 

Bishojrric. — Apollos G. Driggs, 
Bishop ; James Johnston and Peter 
Hansen, Counselors ; Martin Gam, 
ward clerk. 

There are two quorums of Dea- 
cons. 

Sunday School. — Paul A. Elkins, 
supt. ; James R. Smith and Horace 
Eldredge, assistants ; Annie R. 
McGhie and Eleanor Staker, secre- 
taries. 

Belief Society — Sarah B. Gibson, 
Pres. : Catherine Staker and Esther 
S. Hardy, Counselors ; Betty Bol- 
winkle, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A. — George Crismon, 
Pres. ; Jacob Garn and Nephi Han- 
sen, Counselors; Apollos P. Driggs. 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I. A. —Louie >iddoway, 
Pres. ; Carrie Richards and Maggie 
Harris, Counselors ; Minnie Garn, 
secretary. 

Primary Association. — Isabella 
McGhie, Pres. 

History— Ira Eldredge was the first far- 
mer on Canyon Creek, within the present 
limits of the Sugar House Ward. In the 
spring of 1848 he conducted water from the 
creek unto a piece of land about half a mile 
south-east of the present site of the Territo- 
rial Penitentiary and ra'sed a crop of wheat, 
Indian corn and potatoes that season. In 
the fall Charles Crismon built the first 
house near the creek on the spot where the 
residence of the late Ira Eldredge now 
stands. Among the first settlers on Canyon 
Creek were also Charles Kennedy, Joseph 
Fisher, Lorenzo D. Young, John Eldredge, 
Norman Bliss, Albert Griffin and others, 
who located at various places on the creek 
in 1849-50. Pres. Brigham Young built a 
grist mill on the creek in an early day. 

In 1852 the population was considerably 
increased by the arrivals of immigrants from 
the East, and in 1853 the settlers on Canyon 
Creek assisted the Mill Creek Saints in build- 
ing a small fort on Mill Creek, about two 
miles south of Canyon Creek. 

The first school house on Canyon Creek, a 
small log building, was erected in 1852, on 
the north side of the creek, a few rods be- 
low where the Old Paper Mill now stands. 



For several years schools were taught and 
meetings held in that building. A school 
district was organized June 8, 1852, by the 
county court. 

The necessary machinery for a sugar fac- 
tory was imported from England in 1852 by 
the Church, and in the fall of that year an 
unsuccessful attempt was made to manufac- 
ture sugar in Great Salt Lake City, the im- 
ported machinery being put up for that 
purpose on the Temple Block. In the spring 
of 1853 it was removed to Provo, where 
another fruitless attempt was made to manu- 
facture sugar from beets. Early in 1854 the 
machinery was taken back to Salt Lake 
Couuty and put up on Canyon Creek, where 
the building now known as the Old Sugar 
House or Paper Mill was erected by the 
Church in 1854-55, under the direction of 
Abraham O. Smoot. In the latter part of 
1855 the machinery was put in running order 
in the new building, and a quantity of good 
molasses made from beets, the sugar busi- 
ness still proving a complete failure. About 
three hundred acres were planted with beets 
in 1855. It is estimated that the Church lost 
about one hundred thousand dollars by 
these experiments. The machinery im- 
ported for the purpose of making sugar is 
now scattered all over the couutry, the 
greater portion of it, however, being stored 
under sheds in the Tithing Yard, Salt Lake 
City. Many years ago the building was 
turned into a paper factory, but also 
the industry of making paper, which proved 
more profitable than the manufacture of 
sugar, was abandoned for the lack of suffi- 
cient water to run the heavy machinery, the 
creek proving inadequate for both irrigation 
and mill purposes. 

At a council of the presiding authorities 
of the Church, held in G. S. L. City, Feb. 
16, 1849, it was decided to organize all that 
m portion of the Great Salt Lake Valley em- 
braced in the original Five Acre Survey 
into a Ward, to be known as the Canyon 
Creek Ward. It appears, however, that no 
such Ward was ever organized. The few 
Saints on Canyon Creek attended meetings 
in the city for a uumber of years, and 
Bishop Reuben Miller, of Mill Creek, and 
Peter McCue, of the First Ward (Great Salt 
Lake City), held jurisdiction alternately, 
until it was decided that Bishop Miller 
should have exclusive jurisdiction. A pre- 
siding Elder, who acted under the direction 
of Bishop Miller, took charge of the meet- 
ings and local affairs generally. 

April 23, 1854, the Saints on Canyon Creek 
were first organized into a Ward, called the 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



337 



Sugar House AVard, after the Sugar 
House, which was then in course of erection. 
Abraham O. Smoot, who had been called 
away from Cottonwood by Pres. Brigham 
Young, to superintend the erection of the 
aforesaid building aud to take charge of the 
adjacent Forest Farm, was appointed Bishop 
of the new Ward, April 23. 1854. His 
Counselors were Ira Eldredge and Henry 
"Wilde, who were both ordained and set 
apart to their positions April 30, 1854. 

During the temporary absence of Bishop 
Smoot and Counselor Eldredge, who both 
went east after emigrants, Henry Wilde and 
Wm. C. A. Smoot had temporary charge of 
the Ward. Subsequently Henry Wilde re- 
moved to Coalville, Summit County, and 
Wm. C. A. Smoot acted as second Counselor 
for a short time. 

In the spring of 1857 Bishop Smoot, who 
had been elected mayor of Great Salt Lake 
City, to fill the unexpired term of the late 
Jedediah M. Grant, removed to the city, and 
Counselor Ira Eldredge was appointed 
Bishop in his stead. William C. A. Smoot 
and Charles Griffin were chosen as his 
Counselors. Afterwards Charles Griffin 
removed to Coalville, Summit Co., when 
Charles I. Robson was chosen as second 
Counselor. 

At the time of the move in 1858 the Sugar 
House Ward people settled temporarily at 
Provo, Salem and Spanish Fork. Nearly 
all returned to their homes after peace was 
established. 

Bishop Ira Eldredge died Feb. 6, 1866, at 
Coalville, Summit Co., and Counselor Wm. 
C. A. Smoot became acting Bishop in his 
stead. His Counselors were Charles Innes 
Robson and Alexander C. Pyper. When 
Counselor Pyper removed from the Ward 
Jacob Gibson became Counselor in his 
stead. 

Bishop Wm. C. A. Smoot presided until 
July 23, 1877, when the Ward was reorgan- 
ized with Apollos G- Driggs as Bishop and 
James Johnston and Elnathan Eldredge as 
his Counselors. These three brethren were 
ordained and set apart the same day by 
Pres. Daniel H. Wells. 

In 1883 Counselor Eldredge was released, 
and Peter Hanson was appointed second 
Counselor in his stead. 

The Sugar House Ward originally em- 
braced the Five Acre Survey and all the 
country lying east of it up to the foot of the 
mountains; westward it extended to the 
river Jordan. Subsequently the southern 
boundary line was moved about one mile 
south. The present boundary lines were 



established Jan. 3, 1883,when the Presidency 
of the Stake decided that all that portion of 
the Sugar House Ward lying north of Roper 
Street should belong to the Salt Lake City 
Wards. This change transferred a good 
number of families from the Sugar House 
Ward to the First Ward, Salt Lake City. 

About the year 186S a post office, known 
as the Paper Mill post office, was opened on 
Canyon Creek, with Wm. C. A. Smoot as 
postmaster. 

TAYLORSVILLE is the post- 
office name for North Jordan. 

TRAVERSE MOUNTAINS is 
the name given to the low range of 
mountains running east and west 
from the Wasatcb to the Oquirrh 
ranges, which separates Salt Lake 
from Utah County. The river Jor- 
dan cuts clear through them, thus 
making an open gap between the 
two valleys (Salt Lake and Utah). 
The noted landmark known as the 
"Point of the Mountain South," is 
on the east side of the river. 

TWIN PEAKS, two of the high- 
est mountain peaks in the Wasatch 
Range, point their lofty tops heaven- 
ward at an altitude of about 11,400 
feet above sea level. They are 
located between the two Cottonwood 
Canyons, near the valley. From the 
Temple Block to the summit of the 
west peak the air line distance is 
about thirteen miles. On the north 
side of the peaks, near the top, can 
be seen snow all the year around. 

Historical— The first visit made by white 
men to the summit of the Twin Peaks is 
thus described by Elder John Brown: 

"On Friday, Aug. 20, 1847, in company 
with Albert Carrington, Wm. W. Rust and 
two other men, I went to the foot of what 
we supposed to be the highest peak in the 
mountains east of the valley, called the 
Twin Peaks. We camped at the mouth of 
Big Cottonwood Canyon. .Next morning 
(Aug. 21st), at eight o'clock, four of us 
(Carrington, Brown, Wilson and Rust) 
commenced to ascend the mountain, leaving 
a guard with our horses. After toiling 
about eight hours and being very much 
fatigued, three of us reached the summit of 
the west peak; one of our party (Dr. Rust) 
had given out aud laid down near a snow- 
bank to rest. We had brought along a 



338 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



barometer, a thermometer and compass, 
with which we made some observations and 
teamed that the peak was 11,219 feet above 
the sea. The temperature at five o'clock in 
the evening was 5;> degrees above zero, 
while on the same day, at noon, it stood 101 
degrees in the city. At 5:30 p.m., we com- 
menced descending; we came down on the 
west side of the peak, passed through a 
beautiful grove of timber, and followed the 
course of a small creek. We had not gone 
far when darkness came on, and as we had 
expected to get back to camp about the 
middle of the afternoon, we were unpro- 
vided wilh bedding, coats or any kind of 
arms, wishing to go as lightly loaded as pos- 
sible, the day being very warm. But now, 
when night came on, we found il qui+e cold 
in the mountains. While climbing ove the 
rocks, after feeling our way with our hands 
in order to escape death by falling over a 
precipice, we became separated, and only 
Brother Carrington and I remained togeth- 
er. At 10 p.m. we laid down under a 
scrubby tree, being so tired that further 
progress was impossible, and we knew not 
where the two other men had gone. At 
length we found a place between the rocks 
large enough to lay down. Our bed, how- 
ever, was by no means horizontal; it had a 
slope of something like 45 degress. Instead 
of feathers we had pebbles for pillows, and 
coarse sands, which were yet warm from 
the heat of the sun, for bedding; we kept 
them warm by our bodies during the re- 
mainder of the night. At five o'clock the 
next morning we arose, being somewhat 
sore, and we continued our journey down 
the mountain side. Hungry and faint, hav- 
ing had neither supper nor breakfast, we 
scrambled over the rocks as best we could 
After we had gone about hall a mile we 
heard a man's voice in the canyon below, 
and on going a little further we saw one of 
our men (Doctor Wm. W. Rust) on our left, 
standing on a large rock. He called for 
help, saying that l.e was tired out. As we 
were precisely in the same fix we could not 
render him any assistance. We reached our 
camp at 7:30 a.m , where we found our other 
companion who had made his way in at 10 
o'clock the night previous. We then re- 
turned to the city, satislied with our first 
attempt, at climbing mountains." 

Only a few men have undertaken to climb 
to the summit of the Twin Peaks Mnce 1847. 
A scientific party who made the ascent a 
few years ago, however, found the altitude 
to be greater than that given by the first 
visitors. 



UNION PRECINCT, establish- 
ed Dec. 15, 1^77, and organized of 
a part of •"■•outli Cottonwood Pre- 
cinct, is hounded on the north hy 
South Cottonwood Precinct, east hy 
Butler and Granite Precincts, so >th 
by Sandy Precinct, and west by 
West Jordan Precinct. It contains 
six square miles of a good fanning 
district. Pop. in 18S0, 4*4 

—UNION WARD is coextensive 
with the Union Free net. The ward 
house is situated one mile east of the 
Mate Road, and 12 miles southeast 
of the Temple Block, Salt Lake City. 

In May, 18S7, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows: 

Bishopric Ishmael Phillips, Bish- 
op ; Marion H. Brady and James L. 
James. ' ounselors ; Jolm Oborn, 
ward clerk. 

Deacons' Quorums — Albert I. 
Walker, I harles Evans, John W. 
Richards and Isaac M. Shaw, with 
their respective Counselors, preside 
over the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th 
quorums. 

Sunday School— John H. Walker, 
s.upt. ; Thomas II. Smart and John 
A. Berrett, assistants; Andrew Phil- 
lips, secretary. 

Y. M. M. I. A.— John H. Walker, 
Pres. ; Thomas H. Smart and Chas. 
Evans, Counselors ; John A. Berrett, 
secretary. 

Y. L. M. I A. — Sarah Buxton. 
Pres. ; Delia A. Brady and Sarah 

A. Korbush, Counselors; A. M. E. 

B. Sharp, secretary. 

Relief Society — Elizabeth Richards, 
Pres. ; Ann Griffiths and Phihnda 
Cole, Counselors ; Mary A. Smart, 
secretary. 

Primary Association - Mary A. 
Smart. Pres.; Mary A. Bill and 
Elizabeth Richardson, Conn elors ; 
Lei lie ■». More ton, secretary. 

HISTORY — Union was known as Little 
Cottonwood Ward from the time of its first 
settlement until 18">4. Among the first 
settlers who located on the south side of ihe 
Little Cottonwood Creek, in the spring of 
184ft, was John Cox, who built a house on 
the present site of Union Fort and com- 
menced farming. A brother Elmer located 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



339 



about two miles further up the creek. In 
the fall Silas Richards, who had just arrived 
in the valley, bought out Elmer's improve- 
ments and settled down, together with a 
nu. uber of other families who had crossed 
the plains in his company. In the fall of 
1850 the number of families was nearly 
doubled by immigration. During that year 
a comfortable school house was built, about 
li miles east of the present site of Union 
Fort. In this building Bishop Richards 
taught the first school in the Ward during 
the winters of ISoO-ol and 1851-52. 

In IS.")!], agreeable to counsel from Pies. 
Brigham Young, the Saints on the L ttle 
Cottonwood, who now numbered 273 souls, 
■went to work and built a fort, as a protec- 
tion against the Indians, who at that time 
were hostile and did considerable stealing 
and killing in various parts of the Territory. 
The settlers on the Cottonwoods, however, 
were never molested by the natives. John 
Cox gave up 10 acres of his farming land for 
a fort site, around which a wall, 12 feet 
high and 6 feet thick at the bottom, tapering 
off to one foot thick at the top, was built of 
rocks, adobes and clay, Port holes were 
made a few yards apart and bastions built 
on two of the four corners. The people 
called their little fortified village Union, 
a name suggestive of the energy and unity 
which characterized the Saints in their 
labors at the time. Nearly every bouse 
which had been built on the various farming 
claims along the creek was pulled down and 
removed to the fort, where the little colony 
was soon comfortably situated and lived 
together very peaceably. 

In 1S54 a large two-story school-house was 
built, of adobes, in the fort. A few years 
later, when the Indian difficulties were sup- 
posed to be over so far as Great Salt Lake 
Valley was concerned, the fort wails were 
gradually torn down, and a number of the 
people again located on their respective 
farms. But ever since that time the popular 
name of the Ward has been Union Fort. 

Toward the close of 1849, a few weeks 
after the arrival of Silas Richards on Little 
Cottonwood Creek, he was appointed to 
preside as B shop over the few families 
located on the south side of the creek, lie 
acted in that capacity without Counselors, 
until July lo, 1851, when he was ordained 
to the position of Bishop. John Cox was 
set apart to act as his first Counselor at tht* 
same time. Subsequently Henry H. Wilson 
was chosen as second Counselor. In the 
springof 1800 ElderCox removed to Sanpete 
County, when Henry II. Wilson became 



first Counselor and Thomas S. Terry was 
chosen as second Counselor. Counselors 
Wilson and Terry were both called to 
"Dixie" in 1862, after which Wm. P. Smith 
and Norman G. Brimball acted as Counsel- 
ors as long as Silas Richards continued 
Bishop. 

Elder Richards having been called at the 
October Conference, 18(54, to assist the new 
settlers in southern Utah, resigned his posi- 
tion as Bishop of the Union Ward, and 
started on his mission the following Decem- 
ber. Counselors Smith and Brimhall then 
took temporary charge for a few weeks, but 
in the beginning of 18(15 the Union or Little 
Cottonwood Ward was amalgamated with the 
South Cottonwood Ward, under Bishop 
Andrew Cahoon. Thus it remained for the 
next thirteen years, during which lime a 
temporary district organization was kept 
up at Union, with a presiding Elder in 
charge, who acted under the direction of the 
South Cottonwood Bishopric. In this ca- 
pacity Richard Taylor acted for a short 
time; he was succeeded bylsbmael Phillips. 
During these years district meetings were 
held occasionally. Otherwise the Union 
Saints attended Sabbath meetings at the 
South Cottonwood meeting house. 

At a meeting held in the South Cotton- 
wood ward house, July 1, 1877, the Union 
Ward, composed of the Union and Sandy 

Districts of the South Cottonw 1 Ward, 

was organized with Ishmael Phillips as 
Bishop, and Marion II. Brady and Otis L. 
Terry as his Counselors. The>e brethren 
were ordained ami set apart by Daniel II. 
Wells. 

Counselor Terry having removed to San- 
pete County, .lames L. James was chosen 
second Counselor in his stead in the spring 
of 1887 . 

WARM SPRING-. Of the varie- 
ties of warm springs in Utah the 
most noted and the best known are 
the Warm >prings within the cor- 
porate limits of alt Lake City. The 
waters are limpid and smell strongly 
of sulpbureted hydrogen, ami are 
charged with gas. as combined with 
the mineral basis and as absorbed 
by Lin- waters themselves. Dr. Gale 
is authority for the assertion III: t it 
is a' "Harrow' gate water abounding in 
sulphur." Tlif-e rlu id ounces of 
water, on evaporation to entire dry- 
ness, in a platina caps ,U\ will give 
N^ grains of solid, saline matter. It 



340 



SALT LAKE COUNT*. 



is slightly charged with hydro-sul- 
phuric acid gas, and is a pleasant, 
saline mineral water, having the 
valuable properties belonging to 
saline sulphur springs. It issues 
from the mountain side in large vol- 
ume, at a point about a quarter of a 
mile north of the Warm Springs 
bath houses. It has a temperature of 
95 degrees to 104 degrees, and is 
conveyed in wooden pipes into three 
bathing houses, containing plunge, 
shower and tub baths, and dressing 
and waiting rooms. The water is 
very efficacious in the cure of many 
diseases, notably paralytic, rheumat- 
ic and scrofulous. 

The bath houses are situated in 
the Nineteenth Ward, on 2nd West 
Street, between 8th and i)th North 
Streets. The property is owned by 
the city, with which it is connected 
b}' the street cars. 

Historical— The Warm Springs bath- 
house was tirst opened Nov. 27, 1850, on the 
block lying immediately south of the present 
bath house. It was under the care of James 
Hendrix. Subsequently J. C. Little opened 
a hotel on the premises and did considerable 
business. In 1806 the present bath house 
was built under the direction of the Great 
Salt Lake City council, and Henry Arnold 
was appointed superintendent of the prop- 
erty. Under his supervision a flourishing 
business was done at the Springs during the 
following ten years. In 187G the property 
was leased to a Dr. Monroe, who, however, 
failed to comply with his contract with the 
city council, in consequence of which, 
James Townsend became the leaseholder, 
and had charge until his death, April 2,1886. 
Since then his widow, Mrs. Rosanna Town- 
send, has had charge of the property. 

WASATCH, a postoffice and rail- 
way station on the Alta Branch of 
the 1). & R. G. Ry., has a romantic 
location in Little Cottonwood Can- 
3 T on, about li miles up from its 
mouth, 74 miles west of Alta, 
8£ east of Sandy, and 21 south-east 
of Salt Lake City. It consists of a 
few small station buildings and a 
boarding-house for the Church 
quarrymen on the north side of the 
Little Cottonwood Creek, while op- 
posite, on the south side of the 
stream, and connected with the 



north side by a narrow foot-bridge, 
is situated what is known as the 
Quarrymen' s Summer Quarters, con- 
sisting of a number of tents, bow- 
eries and summer-houses, surround- 
ed by beautiful lawns and flower 
gardens. The grounds, covering a 
few acres, are beautifully laid out in 
walks and alleys, the whole camp 
nestling under the shade of fine 

1 trees and shrubbery. Water has been 
conducted from the creek in ditches 
and flows through the camp in pipes 
and flumes in almost every conceiv- 
able shape, thus making it easy of 
access for both culinary and irriga- 
tion purposes. A fresh canyon 
breeze, which generally commences 
at 2 o'clock p.m., and continues un- 
til dark, makes the place healthy and 
cool in the summer, and as a suit- 
able place for rest and rustication, 
away from the bustle and business 
of the city, the place is becoming 
more popular every year. Quite a 
number of the finest places in the 
camp have been prepared by people 
from Salt Lake City, who spend part 
of the hot season there. During the 
winter season, however, the locality 
is cold and dreary, the mountain 

I tops on the south being so lofty and 
in such close proximity to the camp, 
that they shut out the sunshine for 
several months of the year. The 
surrounding scenery is grand and 
lovely. From almost every nook 
and crevice of them ountain cliffs, 
which rise to the height of several 
thousand feet (at certain places al- 
most perpendicular), on both sides of 
the canyon, grow small pines, cedars, 
ferns and mosses, which, together 
with the gray granite walls, castel- 
lated mountains, rippling creek, pure 
air and golden sun present a picture 
of rare beaut}-. 

Just above Wasatch on the north 
side of the creek, away up on a pro- 
jecting cliff, 1,000 feet above the 
road, stands a granite column which 
measures G6§ feet in height, from 
the pedestal-like cliff on which it 
stands. On each side of this column 
and receeding from its base is a little 
grotto-park filled with nature's ever- 



SALT LAKE COUNTY. 



341 



green, and surrounded on three sides 
and on the top with rocks of every 
size and shape. 

Wasatch is the terminus of the 
steam railway, and from here pas- 
sengers continue their journey to 
Aita on the tramway, on which large 
mules haul up passengers and freight 
on small, suitable cars. In going 
westward neither mule^ nor steam 
power is necessary, as the rolling 
stock is propelled forward without 
artificial meaus agreeable to the laws 
of gravitation. 

Wasatch is particularly noted for 
its line stone quarries, it being the 
place where all the granite is got out 
for the Temple in Salt Lake City. 
The stone is supposed to be the best 
in the Territory, being of close fine 
grain, of light gray color and of 
beautiful birdseye appearance. 

Among the thirty men who are en- 
gaged at present in quarrying rock 
for the Temple, at the stone quarry 
near Wasatch are David Cameron 
(foreman at the quarry), David Nor- 
ris, Leroy Young, Win. J. Wilson, 
Daniel Crump, Theodore Powell, 
Richard Ashdown, Edward Shepherd, 
Wm. Cameron, James Barnard, 
Robert Shepherd, Robert Snedden, 
Andrew Hansen, David Benson, 
Joseph Thatcher, F. Bedham, David 
Muir, Charles C Livingston, James 
A. Muir, James Willard, T. W. Liv- 
ingston and John Robertson. 

A regular camp discipline, some- 
thing similar. to that which used to 
exist in emigrant trains crossing the 
plains years ago, is kept up. James 
C. Livingston is captain or superin- 
tendent of the whole camp. Alex- 
ander Giliispie officiates as chaplain 
and conducts the general meetings. 
At the ringing of the bell at 6 o' clock 
every morning the men rise ; they 
eat breakfast at 6:30 a. in., com- 
mence work at 7 o' clock, eat dinner 
at, 12 m., then work again from 1 to 
6 p. m. and eat supper at G: 30. At 
7: 30 the camp assemble for prayer. 
Meetings are held every second Sun- 
day during the summer season, and 
in the winter months twice a week. 



There is also a Y. M. M. I. A. It 

was first organized Oct. 30, 1883, 
and regular meetings are held every 
Tuesday evening from October to 
April. They are generally weil at- 
tended, David Cameron is the Pre- 
sident, Thos. W. Livingston and 
David Norris, Counselors, and Chas. 
C. Livingston, secretary. 

History — A Church quarry was first 
opened ut the mouth of Little Cottonwood 
Canyon about the year 1859, when work was 
resumed on the Temple after the move 
south. Since then a regular force of men 
have been kept steadily at work getting out 
rock for that grand edifice, and as rocks 
easy of access became scarce the quarries 
have been moved further up the canyon un- 
til they are now worked about half a mile 
above the present camp. Granite, at the 
mouth of the canyon, was for a number of 
years the quarrymen'a camping place, but 
when Wasatch Station was located and the 
Alta and Jordan V r alley Railway was com- 
pleted in 1872, the men selected the site they 
now occupy for their camp. 

The summer camp was first established 
in the spring of 1^78, when James C. Living- 
ston and a few others pitched their tents ou 
the south side of the creek and erected a 
temporary bowery. Others followed the 
next year. The superfluous undergrowth 
and shrubbery was remove I, some of the 
largo boulders were rolled away, and others 
covered with soil taken from the mountain 
side. Water was brought ou the grounds 
from the creek, trees planted wherever 
needed for shade, and other improvements 
inaugurated, all of which has bean going on 
every year since. At present the Quarry- 
men's Summer Quarters are consul, •red one 
of the most beautiful spots in the moun- 
tains. 

WEST JORDAN PRECINCT, es- 
tablished in 1852, is bounded on the 
north by North Jordan Precinct, east 
by Union ami Sandy Precincts, south 
by .South Jordan, Merriman anfl Bing- 
ham Precincts, and separated from 
Tooele County on the west by the 
summit of the Oquirrh Mountains. 
It contains about forty-eight square 
miles of valley and mountain country, 
of which three square miles lies on 
the ea»t side of the river Jordan. 
Pop. in 18*80, 857. 

WEST JORDAN WARD is coex- 
tensive with the West Jordan Pre- 



342 
I 

cinct. The ward house, a substan- 
tial rock building, located on the 
left bank of the river Jordan, is 
jfbout twelve miles south-west of the 
Temple Block, Salt Lake City. With- 
in the limits of the Ward is a smel- 
ter, a woolen mill, a flouring mill, 
several stores and a few fine private 
residences. There are also two brick 
school houses, one on the west and 
one on the east side of the river. 

In May, 1887, the presiding au- 
thorities of the Ward stood as fol- 
lows : 

Bishopric — Archibald Gardner, 
Bishop ; James Turner and John 
Hill. Counselors ; Joseph J. Williams, 
ward clerk. 

Tbere are three Deacons' quorums, 
with a Presidency over each. 

Sunday School — Hyrum Goff, 
supt. ; James Glover and George M. 
Webster, assistants ; Mary H. Jen- 
kins, secretary. 

Relief Society— Louisa Egbert, 
Pres. ; Agnes Cutler and Betsey Jen- 
son, Counselors; Delila Gardner, 
secretary. 

T. M. M. I. A. — James Dennis, 
Pres. ; Samuel W. Egbert and Alex- 
ander Dahl, Counselors ; E. G. 
Spratling, secretary. 

T. L. M. I. A.— Delila Gardner, 
Pres. ; Elizabeth Cutler and Rachel 
Hill, Counselors ; Elizabeth Bate- 
man, secretary. 

Primary Associ&tian — Mary Bird, 
Pres. ; Maria T. Goff and Mary Ann 
Turner, Counselors ; Rhoda Ann 
Turner, secretary. 

History— The first settler in Salt Lake 
Valley west of the river Jordan was Joseph 
Harker, who built the first log house at a 
point opposite the Church farm. This was 
in the beginning of December, 1848. Early 
the following spring a number of others, in- 
cluding Samuel Bennion, John Bennion, 
Thomas Mackey, Thomas Turbett, Wm. 
Blackhurst, Wm. Farr, John Robinson and 
James Taylor, located farms along the river 
around the spot where Elder Harker first 
settled. An attempt was made to bring 
water onto their farming lands from the 
river Jordan, but the undertaking being too 
laborious, the settlers changed their location 
and moved south about a mile, locating near 



SALT LAKE COUNT*. 



a bend of the river opposite the point where 
the Big Cottonwood Creek empties into the 
river. There the nine families, of which the 
little settlement consisted, made a farm 
conjointly, conducted water onto it from 
Bingham Creek and raised a small crop that 
year. Later in 1849 a number of Welsh 
Saints who had arrived in the Valley that 
year, in charge of Elder Dan Jones, founded 
what was known as the Welsh Settlement 
(See Brighton). Not being successful in 
their irrigation operations, they finally aban- 
doned their camp and moved away. 

In 1850 Archibald and Robert Gardner 
built a saw-mill on the site where the West 
Jordan Mills now stands, having first made 
a mill-race, 2i miles long, which was the 
first canal of any importance ever dug in 
Utah. The same year a number of families 
located farms at various points on the river, 
both above and below the Gardner mill-site. 

In January, 1852, the first Ward organiza- 
tion was effected with John Robinson (or- 
dained Jan. 19, 1852) as Bishop, and Joseph 
Harker (set apart Jan. 28, 1852) and Reese 
Williams as Counselors. The following year 
Bishop Robinson was called on a mission to 
Nova Scotia, and Counselors Harker and 
Williams took charge of the Ward during 
his absence, calling John Bennion to their 
assistance. When Bishop Robinson returned 
from his mission, he again took charge of 
the Ward for a few months, and then re- 
moved to Ogden. After this Elder Harker 
once more presided with John Bennion and 
McGee Harris, of Herriman, as Coun- 
selors. 

In October, 1853, the West Jordan Ward 
contained a population of 361 souls. The 
settlement had been strengthened that year 
by the arrival of other families, including 
David O. Calder. 

In the spring of 1854 the settlers went to 
work to bring water out of the river Jordan, 
making what is now known as the North 
Jordan Canal, a continuation of the original 
Gardner mill-race. The same year a small 
fort w r as commenced near the mills, and in 
the fall another fort was started below, on 
the grounds now occupied by the North Jor- 
dan graveyard. This forting was done as 
a means of protection against the Indians. 
The upper fort was never completed, w r hile 
the lower one, containing about thirty rods 
square, was built within a short time of 
commencing it. A meeting house, 30x20 
feet, an adobe building, was erected in the 
centre of the fort, and the majority of the 
people, some thirty families, moved in from 
their farms and spent one winter within the 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



343 



inclosure. Previous to the building of the 
meeting house in the fort, religious services 
had been held in private houses. 

About this time the name of Taylorsvill* 
was given to that part of the Ward now em- 
braced in North Jordan. A post office was 
also established, but this was subsequently 
discontinued for a number of years and then 
reopened under the name of Taylorsville. 

In 1856 a number of families removed from 
the Ward to Rush Valley, Tooele Co. 

During the absence of Elder Harker on a 
mission to the Salmon River country in the 
summer of 1856, and again in 1857, John Ben- 
nion had temporary charge of the Ward. 

In 1858, most of the West Jordan Saints 
moved in a body to Pondtown and Spanish 
Fork, Utah Co., where they remained a few 
weeks, after which they located temporarily 
on the shore of the Utah Lake, between the 
mouths of Spanish Fork River and Peteet- 
neet Creek. In July they returned to their 
farms on the river Jordan, peace having 
been established between Utah and the Fed- 
eral government. In May, 1858, while the 
West Jordan Saints were encamped at Pond- 
town, Wm. A. Hickman was chosen as 
Counselor to 'acting Bishop Harker, instead 
of McGee Harris. 

After the move a log school house was 
built near the spot where the present North 
Jordan ward house stands. This served 
for all school and meeting purposes until 
1866, when it gave way for a more substan- 
tial rock building, which is still standing. 



Elder Harker presided un f il the fall of 
1858, when Archibald Gardner was ordained 
Bishop of the Ward, with D. R. Allen and 
Royal B. Cutler as Counselors. Before this 
change in the Bishopric, there was a branch 
organization at the upper part of the Ward, 
comprising that tract of country now inclu- 
ded in the West Jordan, South Jordan and 
other Wards. The present West Jordan 
ward house was built in 1864 and dedicated 

in 1867. 

Counselors Allen and Cutler removed to 

Utah County, to fill the vacancies caused 
thereby. James Turner and John Hill were 
ordained High Priests and set apart as Coun- 
selors to Bishop Gardner, Jan. 7, 1866. 

At a special meeting held in the West 
Jordan ward house, June 17, 1877, the West 
Jordan Ward was divided into four Wards, 
the middle part only being retained and re- 
organized under the original name. Archi- 
bald Gardner was continued as Bishop with 
James Turner and John Hill as Counselors. 
The new Wards organized at the same time 
were North Jordan, South Jordan and Her- 
riman Wards. 

WILLOW CREEK, a small moun- 
tain stream, rises in the Wasatch 
Mountains east of Draper. It flows 
in a westerly direction through a 
small catiyon until it emerges into 
Salt Lake Valley above Draper, 
where the people utilizes its water 
for irrigation purposes. Originally 
it emptied into the river Jordan. 



THE TWELVE APOSTi.ES. 



JOHH HENRY SMITH, 

A son of the late Pres. George A. 
Smith and Sarah Ann Libby, was 
born at Carbunca, near Kanesville 
(now Council Bluffs), Pottawattamie 
Co., Iowa, September 18, 1848. His 
grandfather, Patriarch John Smith, 
was one of the seven sons of Asahel 
and Mary Smith (see page 89). His 
mother was the daughter of Nathaniel 
Libby (and Tirzah Lord), who was 
the son of Captain Charles Libby 
(and Sarah Pray), who was the son 
of Charles Libby (and Abigail Hil- 
ton), who was the son of Deacon 
Benjamin Libby (and Sarah Stone), 
who was the son of John Libby and 



Agnes. John was the son of John 
Libby, the immigrant, who was 
born in England, about the year 
1602, came to America in 1630, and 
was employed for a number of years 
at Scarborough, Maine. 

At the time of John Henry's birth 
his parents were fleeing before the 
bigotry and intolerance of their 
countrymen. In 1847 his father 
came with the Pioneers to G. S. L. 
Valley, returned to the Missouri 
River the same fall, and went to 
work to -prepare for the removal of 
his. family to Utah. June 22, 1849, 
he started with his family for his 
new home in the mountains and 



S44 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



reached G. S. L. City, October 27, 

1849. 

John Henry's mother, who had 
been an invalid for years, died June 
12, 1851, of consumption. The boy 
was then put into the care of his 
mother's sister, Hannah Maria, who 
Vas also his father's wife. To her 
he owes very largely the success he 
has attained so far in life. She was 
an industrious, high-spirited woman, 
ever ambitious to be advancing in 
everything that was good. Her faith 
in the Gospel was as firm as the 
rocks. At that time she had a son 
of her own, Charles Warren, four 
months younger than the subject of 
this sketch. The father was absent 
from home when John Henry's 
mother died. 

In July, 1852, his father moved 
his wives Lucy and Hannah to Provo, 
and here John Henry lived under the 
watch-care of t.vo good Christian 
mothers, who both tried their best 
to guard him and keep him in the 
path of honor. His father's family 
were at that time widely scattered, 
some resided, in Salt Lake City, 
others in Provo, and some in Paro- 
wan. The head of the family spent 
but a very small portion of his time 
at home, "the duties of his Apostle- 
ship demanding almost his entire 
attention. The schools in these days 
were poor, but an effort was made 
to give each child as good an educa- 
tion as possible. Sept. 18, 1856, John 
Henry was baptized and confirmed a 
member of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter clay Saints by his 
father. His grandfather, Patriarch 
John Smith, gave him an inspired 
Patriarchal blessing, Jan. 18, 1852, 
which has been the guiding star of 
his subsequent life. He attended 
school at Provo and Salt Lake City, 
and obtained a moderately good 
education for the times. 

While residing at Provo, he had a 
very miraculous escape from drown- 
ing in the Provo River during the 
very high water of 1862. On June 
8th, of that year, he together with 
Thomas and George M. Brown were 



crossing the river in a small boat 
which capsized, John Henry became 
entangled in some driftwood and 
was kept underwater for some time. 
People who were standing on the 
shore had given him up for lost, 
when suddenly an unseen power 
seemed to lift him bodily onto the 
bank. It was afterwards learned 
that at that very time his father had 
become forcibly impressed with the 
feeling that his sun was in extreme 
danger, and he went and robed him- 
self in his Priestly apparel and 
prayed the Lord to save his son, 
which was done in the manner named. 

Oct. 20, J866, John Henry married 
Sarah Farr, daughter of Lorin Farr 
and Nancy Chase, of Ogden. After 
their marriage the young couple 
moved to Provo, where John Henry 
worked as a telegraph operator. 
Sometime during the summer of 
bSfiT he was chosen by Bishop W. 
A. Follet, in connection with H. C. 
Rodgers, to be his Counselor, and 
aid him in the government of the 
Fourth Ward, Pmvo. He remained 
in this position until the time the 
Pacific Railroad was nearly com- 
pleted, when he left Provo and 
hired out to Benson, Farr and West, 
aiding them in the building of two 
hundred miles of the Central Pacific 
Railway. When this work was com- 
pleted, he was offered a good situa- 
tion in Sacramento, Cal., by Gover- 
nor Leland Stanford, but his father 
requested him to come home to Salt 
Lake City and labor with him. This 
be did and spent a number of 3 - ears 
in his employ. 

During the session of the Terri- 
torial Legislature of 1872, John 
Henry was assistant clerk of the 
House of Representatives ; he also 
acted as assistant clerk in the Con- 
stitutional Convention. Among the 
members were George Q. Cannon, 
Frank Fuller, T. C. Akers. David 
E. Buell, Thomas Fitch and many 
others of all shades of faith. A con- 
stitution was drafted and adopted 
having a minority representation 
clause in it. 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



345 



John Henry traveled in various 
parts of the Territory with his father, 
and by this means became acquainted 
with many people. He also became 
intimate with Pres. Brigham Young 
and asked him many questions in 
regard to Church government. 
Among other things Pres. Young 
told him that it was the right of the 
senior Apostle (in order of ordina- 
tion) to preside in case of his (Pres. 
Young's) death, but no man that had 
ever faltered or turned back could 
lead. 

At the General Conference of the 
Church held in May, 1874, John 
Henry was called to go on a mission 
to Europe ; his father gave him a 
blessing and Apostle John Taylor set 
him apart for his mission. He was also 
ordained a Seventy by Pres. Joseph 
Young, and set apart to preside as 
one of the Counsel over the 65th 
Quorum of Seventies. In the latter 
capacity he, however, never acted, 
as some mistake had been made, the 
quorum being already full. He left 
Ogden to fulfil his mission June 29, 
1874, and reached New York City 
July 4th. He paid a visit to his 
uncles (mother's brothers) in New 
Hampshire. They received him 
kindly. July 14, J 874, in company 
with David McKenzie and L. John 
Nuttall, he sailed from New York in 
the steamship Idaho, and landed at 
Liverpool July 26th. He visited a 
few days with his cousin, Pres. 
Joseph F. Smith, and wss appointed 
to labor in the Birmingham Confer- 
ence, under the direction of Elder 
Richard V. Morris. Subsequently 
he visited most of the conferences in 
Great Britain, and in 1875, in com- 
pany with Pres. Joseph F. Smith, 
F. M. Lyman, E. N. Freeman and 
M. H. Hardy, visited Denmark, Ger- 
many, Switzerland and France. 

His father being taken very sick, 
John Henry was ordered home in 
July, 187c. He arrived in time to 
spend fifteen days at his father's 
bedside, who died Sept. 1, 1875. 

After this John Henry was in the 
employ of the Utah Central Railway 



Company for several years. Nov. 
22, 1875, he was ordained a High 
Priest and Bishop by President Brig- 
ham Young, Geo. Q. Cannon and 
Joseph F. Smith, Pres. Young being 
mouth, and set apart to preside over 
the Seventeenth Ward of Salt Lake 
City. He chose John Tingey and 
George Dunford for his Counselors. 
In this position he was sustained by 
the people of the Ward, and enjoyed 
his labors very much. 

At the city election in February, 
1876, he was elected a member of 
the city council from the Third Pre- 
cinct. He was re-elected twice and 
served six years altogether. In Aug. , 
1882, he was elected a member of 
the Territorial Legislature. During 
the excitement attending the passage 
of the first Edmunds law, he and 
Moses Thatcher were sent to Wash- 
ington, D. C, to labor with Elder 
George Q. Cannon, using their in- 
fluence against the passage of that 
law. They found it impossible to 
approach public men owing to the 
excitement, and after about a 
month's sojourn at the Capital they 
returned home. 

In April, 1877, John Henry yield- 
ed obedience to the principle of 
plural marriage by marrying Joseph- 
ine Groesbeck, a daughter of Elder 
Nicholas Groesbeck. 

He was ordained an Apostle Oct. 
27, 1880, President Woodruff being 
mouth, in answer to prayer. 

After the October Conference in 
1882, he was sent to preside over the 
European Mission, and was away 
from home two years and five months, 
during which time he traveled ex- 
tensively in England, Scotland, Ire- 
land and Wales. He also visited the 
Isle of Man, Denmark, Sweden, Nor- 
way, France, Germany, Switzerland 
and Italy. Since his return from 
this mission abroad, and during the 
excitement incident to the execution 
of the Edmunds law, he has labored 
incessantly among the Saints in Utah 
and surrounding Territories. He 
was arrested in July, 1885, on the 
charge of unlawful cohabitation, 



346 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES 



and was discharged by the Com- 
missioner. 

In connection with Apostle John 
W. Taylor he organized the Uintah 
Stake of Zion, May 9, 1887. 

GEORGE TEASDALE 

• Was born in London, England, 
Dec. 8, 1831, and was baptized into 
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints Aug 8, 1852. The fol- 
lowing synopsis of his life is taken 
from an article published in the Mil- 
lenial Star, Vol. 48, No. 50: 

After being baptized Brother 
Teasdale was associated with the 
Somers Town Branch, in the city of 
London, where he took his degrees 
in the Priesthood, until, as an Elder, 
he presided over that branch of the 
London Conterence in 1855-56. In 
1857 he was appointed to preside 
over the Cambridge Conference and 
in 1858 to the charge of the South 
Pastorate, comprising the South, 
Wiltshire and Land's End Confer- 
ences. In 1859 he left that field of 
labor to preside over the Churches 
in Scotland — the Edinburgh, Glas- 
gow and Dundee Conferences — where 
he labored until the year 1861, when 
he emigrated to Utah, crossing the 
ocean in the ship Underwriter. 

On his arrival in Florence, Ne- 
braska, he was called to assist Elder 
Jacob Gates in keeping the accounts, 
etc., of the emigration, owing to 
which he did not leave there until 
the last company of the season ar- 
rived, then he crossed the plains in 
Captain Sextus E. Johnson's com- 
pany, which arrived in Salt Lake 
Valley Sept. 27, 1861. Here he found 
a new experience, and for the first 
six months taught school in the 
Twentieth Ward, Salt Lake City. 
He also became associated with the 
Tabernacle choir, under the leader- 
ship of Brother James Smithies. In 
1862 he was engaged to take charge 
of President Brigham Young's Mer- 
chandise Store, by which he had" the 
privilege of becoming familiar with 
that excellent man and his family. 
In the fall of 1867 he took charge of 



the General Tithing Store, and in 
1868 was appointed on a mission to 
England. He crossed the plains 
with mule teams, and on his arrival 
in New York stayed to assist in that 
season's emigration, at the close of 
which he crossed the ocean in the 
steamship City of Antwerp, with 
Elder Albert Carrington, who was 
on his first mission to England, and 
Jesse N. Smith, who was appointed 
to the charge of the Scandinavian 
Mission. On his arrival in Liver- 
pool, Sept. 9, 1868, he was appointed 
to labor in the Millenial Star office. 

The next year, being called to 
assist Elder William C. Staines in 
the emigration business at New York, 
he crossed the ocean in the steam- 
ship Colorado, and remained there 
until the close of that season's emi- 
gration, returning home in the fall 
of 1869. Zion's Co-operative Mer- 
cantile Institution was then being 
started, and he obtained employment 
in that institution, from one respon- 
sibility to another, until he had 
charge of the produce department. 

In 1875 he was appointed on a 
mission to the Southern States, and 
labored in Tennessee, North Carolina 
and Virginia. On being released in 
the fall of 1-S76, he returned home by 
way of Philadelphia, visited the Cen- 
tennial Exhibition and the Niagara 
Falls. On reaching Salt Lake City, 
after resting awhile, he was again 
employed in Zion's Co-operative 
Institution. 

In 1877 he was called to the charge 
of the Juab Stake of Zion. This 
caused him to resign an excellent 
position in Z. C. M. I., but he soon 
found suitable ways and means by 
which he could comfortably sustain 
his family, and enjoyed many posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility in 
the town of Nephi, where he made 
many friends. In his ministerial 
duties he exceedingly enjoyed labor- 
ing in the Sunday Schools, as Super- 
intendent of the Stake. It was a 
labor of love in which he was very 
much interested. 

In October, 1882, he was called 



THE TWELVE APOSTLES. 



347 



into the Quorum of the Twelve 
Apostles, by revelation, being or- 
dained Oct. 16, 1882. In 188S he 
took a six months' mission to the 
Indian Territory, returning to Salt 
Lake City in October, 1883. In 
1884 his labors were chiefly among 
the Saints from Snake River, Idaho, 
north, to St. George, Washington 
Co., Utah, south. He also visited 
the Temples of Logan and St. 
George, attending to work in ordin- 
ances for the dead, etc. 

In January, 1885, he left home on 
a visit to the Saints in the southern 
country, in Nevada and Arizona. 
From there he went to Old Mexico, 
and assisted in forming a colony in 
that land. From theie he was called 
on a mission to Europe, to assist 
Pres. Daniel H. Wells, and after- 
wards to succeed him in the Presi- 
dency of the European Mission. He 
arrived in Liverpool Nov. 30, 1886, 
and after traveling quite extensively 
in the various conferences of Great 
Britain, he entered upon the respon- 
sible duties of his office as President 
of the mission in February, 1887. 

HEBER JEDDIE GRANT, 

A son of the late President Jede- 
diah M. Grant, was born in Salt 
Lake City, Utah, Nov. 22, 1856, a 
few days before his father's death. 
He received a common school edu- 
cation and was baptized into the 
Church June 22, 1864, when nearly 
eight 3 r ears old. While yet very 
young he went into business and at 
once became very successful in all 
his financial enterprises. For a num- 
ber of years he figured as a promin- 
ent insurance agent, and is at pre- 
sent the leading spirit in a number 
of business corporations in Salt Lake 
City. 

When the first Young Men's Mut- 
ual Improvement Association was 



organized in the Thirteenth Ward, 
Salt Lake City, June 10, 1875, Heber 
J. Grant was chosen as one of the 
Counselors to Elder H. A. Woolley, 
the President of the association. In 
1880 he was called to succeed Elder 
F. M. Lyman as President of the 
Tooele Stake of Zion, a positioa 
which he occupied until he was 
called by revelation to be one of the 
Twelve Apostles. To this responsible 
position he was ordained Oct. 16, 
1882 ; since then he has spent most 
of his time in the ministry. 

JOHN WHITTAKER TAYLOR, 

At present the junior member of 
the Quorum of the Twelve, is a son 
of the late President John Taylor 
and Sophia Whittaker. and was 
born May 15, 1858, in Provo, Utah 
Co., Utah. At the age of 14 years 
he was ordained to the office of a 
Deacon, and two years later to that 
of a Teacher ; in the latter capacity 
he labored in the Fourteenth Ward 
of Salt Lake City, about three years. 
When 18 years old he was ordained 
an Elder, received his endowments, 
and was called on a mission to the 
Southern States, where he labored as 
a Traveling Elder and performed a 
good work, returning to his .moun- 
tain home in 1882, after about two 
years' absence. He was a member 
of the Fourteenth Ward Y. M. M. I. 
A. from the time of its organization, 
and acted as Counselor to Joseph H. 
Felt, President of all the young 
men's associations in the Salt Lake 
Stake of Zion, until he was called to 
the Apostleship in the spring of 
1884. At the time of his ordination, 
which took place in Salt Lake City, 
April 9, 1884, the First Presidency 
and all the members of the Twelve, 
except John Henry Smith, were pre- 
sent. 



348 



THE SCOTCH MISSION. 



THE SCOTCH MISSION, 

Or the Introduction of the Fulness of the Gospel into Scotland. 



Elder Samuel Mulliner and Alex- 
ander Wright arrived at Glasgow as 
the first Latter-day Saint mission- 
aries from America to Scotland, 
Dec. 20, • 183 ( J. On the following 
day they continued their journey to 
Edinburgh, where Elder Mulliner's 
parents resided. These were over- 
joyed to see their son, and made 
him and his missionary companion 
as comfortable as possible. After a 
few days rest Elder Wright left for 
the north of Scotland to spend the 
holidays with his relatives, while 
Elder Mulliner remained with his 
parents and friends in Edinburgh 
and vicinity until Jan. 7, 1840, when 
he started out to commence his mis- 
sionary labor. Conceiving the idea 
of beginning operations on one side 
of the country and then work through 
it. he proceeded to Bishopton, a vil- 
lage six miles west of the city of 
Paisley, where a brother from Eng- 
land by the name of James l.ea was 
employed as a time-keeper for a 
railway company. This brother in- 
troduced Elder Mulliner to a family 
by the name of Hay, to whom he 
proclaimed the fulness of the Gos- 
pel. This was on the 9th of January, 
and in the evening of the 10th he 
preached to a good-sized audience in 
a large room which he had procured 
for the purpose. This was the first 
public preaching done by any Latter- 
day Saint Elder in Scotland. 

In the evening of Jan. 14, 1840, 
Elder Mulliner baptized Alexander 
Hay and his wife. Jessie Hay, in the 
river Clyde, as the first fruits of 
preaching the fulness of the Gospel 
in Scotland. On the 19th the newly 
baptized couple were confirmed by 
the laying on of hands for the re- 
ception of the Holy Ghost. Bro. 
Hay's children were also blessed, 
and the sacrament administered for 
the first time in Scotland by divine 
authority in this dispensation. On 
that occasion Elder Mulliner received 



the gift of tongues, a blessing which 
he had long-desired, but never re- 
ceived until that evening. 

In the meantime opposition to the 
truth began to manifest itself, and 
several clergymec offered objections 
in public to the doctrines advanced 
by Elder Mulliner. A Mr. Crowley 
also challenged him for a public dis- 
cussion, which came off in the even- 
ing of Jan. 24th, and resulted in vic- 
tory to the cause of truth. That 
evening Elder Mulliner received a 
letter from his missionary companion, 
Elder Wright, who desired to join 
him. Consequently Elder Mulliner 
took a temporary leave of his new 
converts at Bishopton, and proceed- 
ed on a canal-boat to Edinburgh, 
where he met Elder Wright on the 
31st. The two Elders continued 
their missionary labors together, and 
while holding a private meeting at 
Edinburgh, in the evening of Feb. 
2nd, two young men, Mr. Gillispie 
and Mr. McKenzie, from Leith, who 
were, present, rose up and testified 
that they were convinced of the 
truth advocated lyy the Elders, and 
that same evening they were both 
baptized by Bro. Mulliner in the sea 
near Leith harbor. About the 
middle of February Elder Mulliner, 
accompanied by Bro. Wright, return- 
ed to Bishopton, where he baptized 
lister McKenzie on the loth. Next, 
they commenced operations in the 
towns of Paisley, Kilpatrick, John- 
stone, Houston, Bridge- of- Weir and 
other places. At Paisley they hired 
a hall, situated on one of the prin- 
cipal streets of the town, where they 
commenced to hold public meetings. 
At one of these Mrs. Grace Mc.M as- 
ter became acquainted with the 
Elders and invited them home. She 
subsequently opened her house for 
holding meetings on Wednesday 
evenings, and finally was baptized 
by Elder Mulliner, March 26, 1840, 
together with others, as the first 



THE SCOTCH MISSION. 



349 



fruits of the Gospel in the city of 
Paisley. In the town of Kilpatrick 
the missionaries were attacked by a 
mob who pelted them with stones and 
rubbish and forced them to leave the 
town. At other places they were op- 
posed by the clergy men, who tried to 
stir up the people against the truth by 
relating wicked falsehoods concern- 
ing the Saints in America, etc. Not- 
withstanding this the brethren con- 
tinued their labors, which were crown- 
ed with much success. Among the 
number baptized was the late Wm. 
A. McMaster, who afterwards be- 
came a successful missionary in the 
Church. 

In the beginning of May, 1840, 
Apostle Orson Pratt arrived in 
Paisley, and on the <Sth of that 
month he, assisted by Elders Mid- 
liner and Wright, organized a branch 
of the Church at Paisley. Robert 
Mc Arthur was ordained to be the 
presiding Eider of the branch. Alex- 
ander Hay and Andrew Kohertson 
were ordained Elders ; David Wilkie, 
John Welsh and Gibson P2lwood, 
Priests ; George McKenzie, Francis 
Sprowle and John Souden, Teach- 
ers. George Ritchie was ordained 
a Deacon and Thomas Watson ap- 
pointed clerk. This was the first 
branch of the Church organized in 
Scotland. Up to May 17, 1840, the 
following named individuals (80 in 
all) had been baptized by Elders 
Mulliner and Wright in Scotland : 

Alexander Hay, baptized January 14, 1840. 
Jessie Hay, " 

— McKenzie, " 

— Gillispie, " 
Margaret McKenzie, " 
John Soudan, " 
Grace McMaster, " 
Margaret Parks, " " " 
George Ritchie, " " 29, 
George McKenzie, " " " 
Robert Hamilton, " April 1, 
John Leechuian, " " 2, 
Ann Park, " " 5, 
Margaret McKenzie, " " " 
Susan Monie, " 
Isabel Duncan, " 
Daniel McKenzie, " " B, 
Thomas Kirkwood, " " 7, 
CatharineMcDonald," " 9, 



February 2, 

(i it 

15, 
March 20, 



Alex. Gardiner, baptized April 10, 

Charles Hamilton, " " " 

Mary Hamilton, " " " 

Mrs. Kirkwood, " " " 

James Ure, " " " 

Gibson Ehvood. " " 11, 

Margaret Ehvood, " " " 

Samuel Evans, " " " 

John Welsh, " " " 

James Shanks, " ." 12, 

Andrew Lokic, " " " 

Francis Sprowle, " " " 

Catharine Guthrie, " " " 

James Gordon, " " 14, 

Sarah McUtcheon, " " " 

Walter Granger, " " 15, 

Win McMaster, " " " 

Grace Lokie, " " 10, 

Isabel Wilkie, " " " 

[sabel Begg, " " 1", 

David Wilkie, " " 19, 

Andrew Robertson, " " " 

Robert McArthur, " " " 

Margaret Evans, " " " 

Mary Evans, " " " 

Ellen Carnejie, " " " 
E izabelliThompsou," " " 21, 

Ann Ehvood, " " " 

John McUtcheon, " " 22, 

Ma; hew McLean, " " " 

Is ;l l»el CottOell, " " 24, 

Margera Andrews, " " " 
Jean Andrews. " 

Alexander McLean, " " " 
Mary McLean, " • " " 

Thomas Watson, " " 25, 

Janet Watson, " " 

Catbrine McArthur, " " 

Robert Martin, " " 

John Hart, " " 

John Paton, " " 
Ravenna Sprowle, " 

John Brown, " May 
Andrew Sprowle, " 

John Miller, " " 

M. Kirkwood, " " 
Thomas Iaap, " 

James Rew, " " 
John llindman, " 
Jean llindman, " 

Elizabeth Ferguson," " 

Nancy Mclntire, " " 
Neil McKenzie, " 
Elizabeth McKenzie," 
Jean Iaap, " 

John Clark, " " 

Ann Evans, " " 
Stewart Huteheson, " 
Margaret Ferguson, " 
John Ferguson, " 

Win. Loc'head, " " 



20, 



28. 



350 



THE SCOTCH MISSION. 



On May 18, 1840, Elders Pratt 
and Mulliner proceeded to Edin- 
burgh to introduce the fulness of the 
Gospel in that city. They hired a 
hall for six months, and in the even- 
ing of the 24th Bro. Pratt preached 
the first public discourse in that city. 
The preaching done previous to this 
by Elders Mulliner and Wright was 
done in private houses. Soon after- 
ward they began to baptize ; and 
before autumn a conference, called 
the Edinburgh Conference and con- 
taining several branches, was organ- 
ized by Elder Pratt at Edinburgh. 
While laboring in that city Elder 
Pratt lived with Elder Mulliner' s 
parents, who were among the num- 
ber baptized. 

On May 26th Elder Reuben Hed- 
lock, agreeable to the desires of 
Elder Pratt, arrived in Paisley, 
where he found Elder Alexander 
Wright engaged in the ministry 
alone, Bro. Mulliner having left the 
city to accompany Elder Pratt to 
Edinburgh. Elder Hedlock writes : 

"The spirit of inqury was very 
general in this place (Paisley) and 
the adjoining villages. Many came 
to hear. Some of the preachers 
said we were not worth minding 
when we first began to preach, but 
soon their hearers began to leave 
them ; then they began to sound the 
tocsin of war ; the people were ex- 
horted not to come and hear us. A 
master in a i otton mill threatened to 
turn out of hi3 employment any of 
his work people who went to hear us, 
but the truth fastened on the hearts 
of the people with such power that 
many were determined to sacrifice 
all tilings for the sake of it. I found 
in Paisley and the adjoining villages 
about sixty-five members of the 
Church. I commenced preaching 
in this region in company with Elder 
A. Wright, who is a faithful laborer 
in the Gospel, until about the last of 
August, when he left me alone, and 
went into Banffshire, in the north of 
Scotland. I organized the branch 
of the Church in Bridge-of Weir on j 
the 6th of June, consisting of 27 | 



members, including at this time the 
brethren in Johnstone. Feeling led 
by the spirit to preach in the city of 
Glasgow, I went into the city on the 
12th of June to procure a place to 
preach in. I first went to the house 
of Mr. John McAuley, who received 
me very kindly, and assisted me to 
look for a place to preach in. After 
looking at several places, we finally 
agreed for the large hall in the And- 
erson University. I told the trustees 
I had no means to pay for the hall 
only what I collected at the door ; I 
was a stranger, and could not give 
them security, but if they would let 
me have the hall I would pledge my 
word that they should have their 
rent ; this they did, though it was 
the first time they had let it on such 
conditions. Having procured a 
place to preach in, I put up bills 
through the city that an angel of 
God had appeared and restored the 
everlasting Gospel again to the 
earth. This excited the curiosity of 
about one hundred people to come 
and hear. After the first Sabbath 
my hearers dwindled to about twenty 
in number, but having agreed for 
the hall for five months I was deter- 
mined to preach my time out, If I 
had only two hearers. I soon began 
to baptize." 

At the General Conference held 
in Manchester, England, July 6, 
1840, 5 branches, 6 Elders, 5 Priests, 
3 Teachers, 2 Deacons and 106 mem- 
bers were represented by Elder Mul- 
liner in the regions round ab^ut 
Glasgow. At that conference Elder 
Hiram Clark was appointed on a 
mission to Scotland to assist Reuben 
Hedlock. 

Elder Clark arrived in Scotland in 
July and immediately commenced 
preaching, together with Elder Hed- 
lock, on Glasgow Green and other 
places, also baptizing some who were 
ready to render obedience to the 
truth. Elder Clark preached in 
Glasgow, Paisley, Bridge-of- Weir 
and other places, and having finished 
his labors in Scotland he sailed from 
Glasgow, Sept. 2, 1840, on board 



THE SCOTCH MISSION. 



351 



the steamship Archilles, together | 
with Elder Walter Crane, wife and 
child, of Glasgow, and Sister Isabel 
Begg, of Paisley, who started on 
their journey to the gathering place 
of the Saints in America, being the 
first Saints who emigrated from 
Scotland. 

In the meantime Elder Mulliner 
continued his labors with Apostle 
Pratt in Edinburgh, suffering part of 
the time from ague. He also visited 
his relatives, a number of whom 
joined the Church. He finally re- 
turned to Paisley, where he and El- 
ders Reuben Hedlock, Hiram Clark 
and Alexander Wright, attended a 
conference on the 1st of August. 

After this conference Elder Mul- 
liner continued his labors in Paisley 
and surrounding country, preaching 
baptizing and exhorting the Saints to 
faithfulness. The power of God was 
manifested on various occasions and 
in different waj^s, which strength- 
ened the Saints in the faith. A 
young sister by the name of Beau- 
mon, who had suffered from what 
was termed a leprosy in her ears for 
fifteen years, was miraculously healed 
under the administration of Elders 
Mulliner and David Wilkie. 

Elder Mulliner left Glasgow on his 
return to America, Oct. 2, 1840, 
having performed a good mission. 

Elder Reuben Hedlock, who in 
the meantime had continued his 
labors in Glasgow and vicinity, or- 
ganized a branch of the Church, num- 
bering 12 members, in that city, Aug. 
8, 1840. After this he commenced 
preaching in Greenock, 23 miles from 
Glasgow, where he baptized two, 
but in consequence of ill health he 
was obliged to confine his labors to 
Glasgow, occasionally visiting the 
other branches in the neighborhood. 

At the General Conference held at 
Manchester, England, Oct. 6, 1840, 
Elder Mulliner represented 8 Elders 
7 Priests, 5 Teachers, 3 Deacons 
and 193 members in the Glasgow 
Conference (including Glasgow and 
the regions round about), and Orson 
Pratt represented 2 Priests and 43 



members in the Edinburgh Confer- 
ence. 

Orson Pratt wrote to the editor of 
the 3f Menial Star, Oct. 17, 1840, as 
follows: "The work is progressing 
slowly in Edinburgh. Some are bap- 
tized every week. The Church here 
numbers 74 members * * *. We 
preach about seven times on every 
Sabbath in the streets. When the 
weather Avill permit, large congrega- 
tions gather round us eager to hear. 
During our last three meetings in the 
street we disposed of something like 
eighty printed addresses." 

During the following winter, 
through the labors of Elder Pratt and 
fellow-missionaries, the Church in 
Edinburgh and vicinity increased to 
over two hundred members. 

After attending the October Con- 
ference at Manchester, England, El- 
der Hedlock returned to his field of 
labor in Scotland. On Jan. 31, 1841, 
he organized a branch of the Church 
in Greenock, where subsequently 
Elder Speakman and others con- 
tinued the work successfully. 

At the General Conference held in 
Manchester, April 6, 1841, Reuben 
Hedlock represented six branches of 
the Church, namely, Glasgow with 
94 members; Paisley with 115 mem- 
bers; Bridge- of- Weir with 62 mem- 
bers; Johnstone with 44 members; 
Greenock with 31 members; and 
Thorney Bank with 18 members — or 
a total in the Glasgow Conference of 
12 Elders, 15 Priests, 13 Teachers, 
11 Deacons and 317 members. 
Total, 368. Elder Pratt also repre- 
sented 6 Elders, 9 Priests, 6 Teach- 
ers, 2 Deacons and 203 members 
(total 226) in the Edinburgh Con- 
ference. At that conference Elder 
John McAulev was appointed to pre- 
side over the Glasgow Conference, 
instead of Reuben Hedlock, who had 
been released to return to his home 
in America, and Geo. D. Watt was 
appointed President of the Edin- 
burgh Conference. 

SAMUEL MULLINER was bora in Had- 
dington, East Lothiam, Scotland, Jan. 15, 
1809. He spent his boyhood days at Dun- 
bar, where he also learned the shoemaker's 



352 



THE SCOTCH MISSION. 



trade. He married Catherine Nisbet Dec. 
4, 1830, and shortly afterward decided to 
emigrate to Australia, but finding himself 
short of means, he changed his plans and 
emigrated to America in 1832, settling 
near the city of Toronto, in Canada, where 
he first heard the fulness of the Gospelpro- 
claimed, and was baptized by Theodore 
Turley Sept. 10, 1837, together with his wife. 
In the following spring he started with his 
family for Missouri and arrived in Spring- 
field, 111., on his way thither, July «U, 1838. 
There his family remained while he perform- 
ed his mission to Scotland. Owing to the 
temporary location ofanumber of families 
from Kirtland,Ohio, in 1838, a branch of the 
Church was organized at Springfield, Nov. 
4, 1838, in which Elder Mulliner officiated 
as a Teacher. Later, a Stake of Zion was 
organized there. Bro. Mulliner was or- 
dained to the office of an Elder March 10, 

1839, and to that of a. Seventy Mayo, W39. 
On the hitter date he was advised to prepare 
for a Ion ign mission, which he did and left 
his family at Springfield, July to, 1839, and 
started in company with an Elder Snider for 
New York, where they arrived Aug. 10th. 
After preaching in the neighborhood of that 
city and having made a vi-it to Kirtland, 
Ohio, he sailed from New York, in company 
with Elders Hiram Chirk and Alexander 
Wright, Nov. 6,1839. They arrived in Liver- 
pool, En-land, Dec. 3rd. On the 7th they 
started lor Preston, where they arrived on 
the 8th. There they spent about ten days 
very pleasantly with Willard Richards and 
the Saints. On the evening of Dec. 19th, 
Elders Mulliner and Wright started for 
Scotland, and arrived at Glasgow on the 20th. 
After a succes'ful mission Elder Mulliner 
took an effectionate leave of the. Saints in 
Scotland and sailed from Glasgow Oct. 2, 

1840, on Ins way back to America-. After 
Visiting among the Saints at Liverpool, he 
attended a General Conference at Manchester 
and then engaged passage lor a small com- 
pany of Saints from Scotland on hoard the 
ship Isaac Newton, winch sailed from Liver- 
pool on the loth. This was the first com- 
pany of emigrants who went by way of New 
Orleans, where the company arrived Dec. 
2nd, after a pleasant voyage of 48$ days. 
For years afterwards the favorite route" of 
emigration from Great Britain to Nauvoo, 
III., was via New Orleans, Elder Mu diner's 
little company of Scotch Saints continued 
their travel from New Orleans by steamboat 
up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Mo., 
where Elder Midline! left the company and 
traveled by stage to Springfield, III., where 
hi; was again united with bis family on Dec. 
lit, 1840. Some time alter his return home 
Elder Mulliner removed with his family to 
Nauvoo III., from which place he was sent 
on a mission in November, 1842. In crossing 
the Lake from Chicago to Buffalo, a terrible 
storm came up which wrecked nearly every 
vessel on the Luke except the one Elder 
Mulliner and a fellow-missionary (.lames 
Houston) was on. In parting with the cap- 
tain of the vessel (Mr. Walker) at Buffalo, 
Elder Mulliner made him a present of some 
Church books and thanked him for bringing 
him safe across. The; captain replied with 
emphasis: "Elder Mulliner. don't thank 
me; it is I who am under obligation to you 
for a safe voyage, fori am fully convinced 
that had it not been for you Mormon Elders 



being on board, the ship would have gone to 
the bottom. And I wish you, when you 
get back home, to tell your brethren that if 
any of your Elders wish to cross these lakes, 
let thein enquire for Captain Walker, and 
they shall have a free passage." From Buf- 
falo the missionaries walked to Lewiston, 
on the Niagara River, where they commen- 
ced preaching and baptizing. Elder Mul- 
liner organized a branch at Cambria, Niagara 
Co., N. V., April 27, 1.348. Among those 
baptized by him in that part of the country 
was Geo. A. Meal, a wealthy fanner, and 
others, who afterward became known as 
faithful members of the Church. He also 
crossed the river into Canada and preached 
at St. Catherine, where the people became so 
interested in the principles lie advocated 
thai they offered to build him a chapel, send 
for his family and pay him a salary, if he 
would consent to settle down and remain 
with them to preach; provided, however, 
that he would agree not to say anything 
about Joseph Smith and the "Golden Bible." 
From this important mission Elder Mulliner 
returned to Nauvoo, arriving there July 2, 
1843, having traveled all the way from Cam- 
bria, N. Y.,in 24 days with a light horse and 
buggy. Soon afterwards he located as a 
shoemaker at .Monmouth, Warren (Jo., 111., 
where he remained doing good business un- 
til the following spring, when he returned 
to Nauvoo. At the October Conference, l84o, 
he was called to act as one of the Presidents 
of the 12th quorum of Seventies, and subse- 
quently received his endowments in the 
Nauvoo Temple. In 184G, at the time of the 
exodus, he prepared an outfit with which to 
travel westjbut the authorities of the Church 
asked him to remain a little longer and let 
some one else have the use Ol hi- out tit. El- 
der Mulliner readily consented to do this, 
returned to Monmouth, where he during the 
following winter earned another outfit, with 
which he traveled to Winter Quarters in 
the spring of 1S47. There he was asked a 
second time to part with his animals and 
wagons for the benefit of others, which he 
did as willingly as the first time, lie then 
took his family to Savannah, Mo., where he 
remained one year and then staitcd for the 
valley once more. In passing through Kanes- 
ville," he met Apostle Orson Hyde, who de- 
sired him to remain with him. Immediately 
Elder Mulliner bought a house; at Kauesville, 
left his team- ami wagons at Bro. Hyde's 
disposal, and went to work to earn another 
out lit to go west the next year, but when 
the spring of 1840 came. Elder Mulliner was 
sent on a business mission to the East, from 
which, however, he returned the same year; 
and in 1850, having earned another good 
outfit to cross the plains with, be came on to 
Great Salt Lake Valley with his family. He 
bought a lot in G. S. L. City for $500— the 
lit now occupied by Walker Brothers' Store 
and adjacent buildings— started a tannery 
and shoe shop and built a comfortable 
dwelling house. In IS.'jS, during the time 
of tin; move, he bought a mill at American 
Fork, and also built a mill on Spring Creek, 
between that town and Lehi, where he re- 
sided until quite recently. A few years ago 
in' removed part of his family to Orderville, 
Kane Co., where he spent some two years, 
and then returned to Utah County. He now 
lives a retired life with his children at Lehi, 
Utah Co. 



Supplement to the "Historical Record.* 



A CHRONOLOGY 



OF 



IMPORTANT EVENTS 



OF THE YEAR 



^(((1885.)))^ 



EDMPILEE BY ENURE W JEN 5 ON, 

Editor and Publisher of the "Historical Record." 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH: 
1887. 



INDEX. 



Page | Page 

Best, Alfred 10, 11, 18 

Bisbee, Arizona 3 



Aabvholm, Sweden 2 Biesinger, Thomas 14 

Aalborg, Denmark 16, 23 gj g j 



Page 
Carbon, Wvo., strikes at....l 
Carlisle, John C 21 

Careless, Geo., professor 5, 13 

Careless, Lovinia, died 13 

Carleton, British America. .13 
CarNeu. Carl P. 



Adkin, Wm. C, killed- 
Admirald JKborsom,ship. 

Admirality Building 

Adrianople, Turkey 

Aebischer, Charles H... 



. Bear 10, 11. 13 

Abbot, John, suicided 20 Bis Cottonwood 20 

Abbott, Stephen O., killed. .4 \ Billings, Josh, died 19 

Abu Kloa, Africa 1 Bingham, Salt Lake Co. • .1, 3 Caroline Islands 16 

Adams, Charles, Bishop.... 12 Bingham County, Idaho ....1 Carrington, Albert ..20 

- 2 Biorn.A. \., imprisoned 20.21 Carroll, Charles, drowned .lo 

••1 Black, Commissioner 22 Carter County, Tenn........ 6 

••" Blackburn, A. L 19, 21 : Carthage, Illinois, visited. .10 

•IS Blacfcfoot, Idaho.- .8, 9, 20, 21 Cashmere A alley, India ....10 
••" Blackner, Henry, killed.. ..19, Cedar Mountains. ...... ....1 

Afghanistan 3, 5, 7, 14 Blake, Frederick 16 Chatham, England, fire at 8 

Aird, John, imprisoned 7 Blocklev's almhouse burned. 3 Chicago, Illinois li, Id 

Alabama 1,21 Boersig, Louis, killed 21 , China, disaster in -...14 

Alfonso, king of Spain 13 Bohemians drowned 10 China, war with 1,6, o 

Allen, A. B 11 Boise Citv, Idaho. ...3. 10, 21 Chnftmen killed........ 16, 1. 

Allred, Marvin, arrested. ..IT Boreman*, Jacob S 2, 5, 24 Cholora ........10, hi, 14 

Alma, Arizona 6 Bornholm, Denmark 9, 10 j Chnstensen, C. F. . . . . .4, 6, 21 

Almond, Mrs., drowned. .. .12 Bountiful, Davis Co. 14, 16, 19 Chnstensen, boren, killed. .19 

Almv, Wyoming 14 Bowen, John, arrested 14 Christiansen, H. J... 6 

Alta, Salt Lake Co 3 Box Elder County, Utah... 14 Church blacksmith shop ....4 

Andersen, Andrew S 15 Bradford, Penn 4 City blacksmith shop 16 

Anderson, Anton 20 Brain, Edward 6, 13, 16, City of Helena, steamer. ...3 

Anderson, Erastus 20 Bresnik, Bulgaria 22, Cincinnati, conflagration at 9 

Andersen, James J 23 Brett's Circus performance 11 1 Clark, Daniel P., suicided. -6 

Anderson, Joseph 20 Brigham City 15, 22 Clark, Dehah, subp<ened.. .23 

Anderson, Peter 20 Brighton.... 4, 6, 11, 18, Clark, Isaac...... 24 

Anderson, Svend M 11 British forces in Africa 1, 4, 5 Clark, John B., died 20 

Angell, Truman O 14, 18 Broadbent, Reuben 11 j Clark, John H., Seventy ... .iU 

Apache Indians on war path. 7 ! Brooklyn Bridge, X. Y 9 Clawson, Florence A 

Apelgren, Andrew 

Arabs, massacre by the 

Arizona 6, . 

Arnold, Henry, missionary .9 Brown, Moroni 9, 13 [Clayton, jury man- 19 

Arnold, Orson, P 5,6 Buffalo, X. Y 5 Clayton, William H-....... 11 

Artesian Wells 5, 13, 14 Buhring's saloon burned.... 7 Cleveland, Grover, Pres. 4,o, 



20 Brown", deputy marshal.... 10 Clawson, H.B., Bishop .,9,18 

S...1, 2 Brown, Francis A 9, 13 Clawson, Rudger...l, 2, b, 14 

6, 7, 10 Brown, Joseph H 7 Clawson, Seldon 1 24 



8, 14, 19, 23, 24 
Clvde, Edward, missionary 7 
Co'al Creek Mines 17 



t, John D.. missionary.. 6 j Colorado imports from Utah 6 

ton, Wm. W ". • .4 Congress, 49th U. S .23 

tonshaw, John, jun 16 Connelly, John 12, 19 



Aspinwall, Panama ... .5, 7, 8 Bulgaria 17, 20, 22, 2:3 

Atlantic States 13 Bullock, Thos., pioneer 3 

Atwood, M., Bishop 24 Bunkerville, Nevada 4 

Austria, destruction in... .12 Bunn, Wm.M., governor 2.13 Coalville, Summit County..^ 

Avalanches in Italy 1 Burmah, India. 7 22 Cole, James, missionary.. ..20 

Axelson, Michael, suicided. .9 . Burningham. Thos 14 Colfax, Schuyler, died 1 

„ i Burt, Alexander 24 Colliery accident in Penn.- -6 

B. Burt Andrew, captain 9 Collin, H. F ... .21, 22, 23, 24 

Baer, Adolph, missionary.. 22 Burt, Andrew, sheriff ..21, 22 Co^Mi^e^killed.--. 
Bailey & Son, shipment by. .2 Burt, Jc 
Bailey, L. A., missionary.... 3 Burton, 

Baker's Springs, Utah Co. . .4 |urions Constantinople, Turkey 5 

Ball, John P., arrested 21 ^usn, .joe, antsieu -',,„.„„ »n«l>PwW .11 1<* 

Banishment from Denmark 10 Butterheld, Ed. L 24 gog^^gj died . . . .'. .5 

Bannock Stake of Zion 7 q Copenhagen.Denmaxk 9, 10,11 

Barnard's music hall 8 wbuv/ murderers 12 

Barnes, M., children of 7 Cabinet officers 4 Cowbo 5 ■frggg^gj^ .^ 

Barrios, Madame 8 Cacabelo, rebel leader 8 Oowen, WjHiam^arresteay^i 

Barrow Shipbuilding Co. . 
Battle Creek, Idaho. 
Batonche, British Ameri 
Bavaria, expelled from. 

Bayard, Thomas F 

Bear Lake Democrat 20 | Camp nwucu, *- > »~« -^ P M , 

Panarlian Pacific Railwav. .21 * uieoia, lauaiua.. ••« 




Bear River, Wyoming 14 Canadian Pacific Railway, .21 '- »' c " hoib>rv Penn 6 

Beaver 3-6, 7,9, 17, 18, 19, 23,24 Canadian troops 7, 8, 10 ^°L f 9 i6 1" 16 17 M 

Beaver Creek, Col.. . ...... .12 Candidate to West Point. . .16 Cj clones 1, 9, 10, lo, 16, 17, -l 

Beck Mine, explosion in the. 7 Cannon, Mrs., suicided 13 

Benjamin, Utah Co 12 Cannon, Abraham H ._, 12 

Berg, John L., missionary. .15 Cannon, Angus M. 2, 3, .,8, Da 

Bergen, James, lvnched 13 H, 12, 24 Da 



BeckMine, explosion in the. 7 Cannon, Mrs., suiciclecl.-.io j} 

)aines, Robert, missionary 20 

Mines. Wm. M 20 

Berlin, Axtell E.", killed.... 22 Cannon, George Q., Pres..'.. 4 Davis, jury man ..19 

Bessler, C. F., missionary... 7 ; Cannon, John Q., delegate. .8 Davis, David E , M 



:: 



INDEX. 



Page | 
Edward, missionary 7 | 

Daynes. John 12, IS 

I ~amuel, killed 3 

ry...9 
. .". . . 10 
-. L. Eve: 
Denmark-.: J .11,16 

. - " : 
DenTer & Eio Grande R\ 4. v . 

- 4. iv 

Detroit, Michigan g4 

Devereux. Lucy S*, 9 

d, W. H".. attorney 17 
Dille, Anl- C.. Seventy..'. ..7 

Dinwoodev. Henrv ' 14 

Diphtheria "...10, 14, 16 

Dodos, Henry. Seventy 20 

. collided 17 

Dong Dang, China, battle at 5 

Bulgaria. .22 

ed.-17 

Drummond. Win. W 12 

Dubois, marshal of Idahc^-.S 
Duke. John, arrested...... 17 

Duniord, Geo - . . 4 

Durnham. England 11 

E. 

Brit. Columbia 21 

E . Boek, Idaho IS 

• 1. 10. 14, 16 

r«H* g 

[IS .' - - 20 

Edmunds law 8, 9. 14, i~ 

Edmunds, Senator 23 

Election in Utah, general. .15 

16 

Eliason, A. P., missionary.. 7 
Eliason.Xils Otto, drowned 14 

Elizabethtown, Tenn 

rth, Edmund 10 

Endieott, Win. G 4 

Ensign, Samuel, killed 12 

from the First Pres. 6 

• m, Einar 7 

:kB 2 

Eureka, Juab Co 1, 2, 6, 24 

Euro] 2 

Evan-. John, missionary. . .22 

• -.. died*. 1 

lea ding men in 3 

m Utah 5 

-.'on- 4, 7, 11, 19, 21 

F. 

I J oint Harbor,lndia. .17 
FarrBros.. Ogden, fi 

Farren. J., suicided 1 

Payette, Missouri, death at 20 

Featberstone, Charles 12 

ionary 6 

Fielding, M'-*ry Ann. died...l 
Fielding, Joseph, widow of. .1 

Fillmore, Millard Co 1, 20 

1-5, 7-11, U 

■ us in Denmark 15 
District Court 13, 14, IK, 

First Presidency 6 

. Brit. America-. 7 
L ike, Utab 13, 14 

aid's saloon affair... 18 

Fjeld-ted, C. D 20 

Flake, Win. J., released 10 

Flood Rock exploded 19 

Floods 5,11, 16 



Page i 
Folkmann. J. P.. Seventv..l2 
Follett VT.Ju, Bishop... "...19 

Frank, arrested 24 

Farm raided 

. 23. 24 

raska 23 

-t. Brit. Am. 6, 10, 11' 
Lik'bam. W'm. ... 

- -.Herbert J : . .'. 

1,5,10,14,24 

use partly restored. . .5 

l rancis. Samuel, ,iun 20 

Frandsen, Christen .20 

Frandsen, Geo., Bisbop 20 

Fraughton, missionarr 10 

Franklin, Idabo 11, 15, 22 

Frazier killed by Chinamen 17 
Fredenkshavn,Denmark ... 7 

Free mail delivery 4 

French, war with'the 3, 5 

Fuiler's Hill 13, 15 

/-* 

KJC. 

Gale, Henrv, sentenced 24 

Galveston, Texas 11, 21 

Gardo House searched 4 

Garfield, Tooele Co 12, 16 

Garland, A. H 4 

Garner. Wm. F 4. 

Gas wells in Salt Lake City 14 

- enfcy 11 

Geddes, Wm., SeveDty 12 

General Conference ..".5. 6, IS 

Gentile Valley, Idaho 21 

Germany, imprisonment in 3 
Germany, troubles with. ...16 

Gillmore, Mary, killed 6 

Glenwood, Sevier Co 2 

GoasJind. Charles D 7 

Godbe, W. S., suicided 2 

-Ids discovered 3 

. John, stabbed 11 

Gordon, General, killed 2 

Gowans, Hugh 8., arrested 14 
Grand River, drowned in. ..12 

Grant, Geo. S., killed 1 

Grant. Jed. M., son of 1 

Grant, U. S 11, 14, 15 

- ille, Tooele Co 15 1 

Great - 12 

Green Paver, Wyo 16 

ia 7 

. M., President 24 

Griffin. Jerry, suicided 1 

- . D. J., arret ■-..: 
Groesbeck, N. II., arr< - 



Grow, Henry _ _ 

ralAm 8 

Guion, S. B., riued g4 

Guymon, Noah T ::•': 

Gunnison, Sanpete Co 16 

Gyllenskog, JSTfla 22 

H. 

.■us... 10, 22, 23, 24 
Haderli, Charles H. ........ l'O 

Hagman, John, missionary . .7 

Half-breed Indians '3, 8 

Half-masting the flag 13 

Harumilton, James C 7 

Hampton. B. Y _ _ 

Hansen, FrederikH. 12, 19, 20' 

Hansen, Henning 22 

Hansen, Jorgen.. 12 

., Niels, banished 7,10 
Hansen, Ole L 4, 8 



Page 
Hansen, S. C, missionary.. .7 
Harden Hand Grenade Fire 

Extinguishing Company 16 

Harris, Dennison L., died".. 11 

"*. Roadmaster, killed 2 

Hays, Judge 

. Wasatch C 17 

Hedberg, A. L., missionary 3 

Helena. Montana 3 

Hell Gate, near New York 19 

Henderson, Wm 20 

Hendricks, Thos. A. 17, 22 

Hendricks, Wm. D., Pres. ..6 

Hemenway, Charle- H 23 

_ : '?.'. e, Joseph, killed 24 

Hintze, F F 1,3, 111 

Hockstrasser, Joseph 22 

. X. M.. missionary 9 

Hodgson, Mary E .19 

Hoffman, Casper 20 

1, Viktor C 22 

Holden, Fireman, killed.... 2 

Holding out policy 9 

Holland, Thos., drowned. . . .4 

Holt, Albert, missionary 20 

Holyhead, Wales, disaster 1 

Sentinel, newspaper 7 

Homestake Mine, Colo 2 

Hopt, Fred 7, 17, 18 

Horkley, Thomas, killed-... 1 

Hot Spring Lake 6 

Hou-e.Idaho commissioner 11 

Howard, General 14 

Hugo, Victor, died 9 

Huguenots 20 

Huiet, Sarah, witness 23 

Humphreys, Samuel 8, 10 

Hun-aker. Joseph 21 

Hunt, B. H., Seventy 20 

Hunt, John A., arrested... .8 

Hunt, John, wife of 4 

Hunter, Edward, Bishop 24 
Hunter, Susanna W., died 24 
Huntsville, Weber Co. ...22 

Huntsman, Joseph A 1 

Hutchinson, John 14 

Hyer, Andrew, missionary 20 
Hyde Park, England ". -15 

I. 

Ibsen, John P 9-11 

Ida Daragh, steamer 3 

Idaho .... 6,9,22 

Idaho Democrat 3 

Idaho Legislature 1, 2 

Illinois, fire and cyclone 1, 10 
Immorality in Englaui 

Indian troubles../. 10, 11 

Infant murder 16 

Independence, Mo., v'sited 10 

India 3, 10, 17 

Indianapolis, Ind 17, 22 

Insane asylum at Provo....l3 

Iowa, tornado in 11 

Ireland's self-goverment. . .17 

Iron Stake conference 12 

Iru, Bulgaria 22 

. steamship 12 

Italy, avalanches in 1 

J. 

Jacobs, Swen, sen., Seventy 7 

Jail, escapes from 14 

Jakeman & Harrington 7 

Jamaicans killed...' 8 

James, Sarah, suicided ....10 
Jarnvin, an apostate 15 



Ill 



Page 

Jensen, Niels, died 17 

Jensen, Niels H 6 

D, Peter C, missionary 7 
Jeppesen, X. P., drowned 11 
Johnson, Alonzo, mobbed 18 

Johnson, S. A., Seventy 11 

John W. Lowell Company 1 
Jolly, William J., Seventy" 11 
Jones, Battle, suicided ....IS 

Jones, J. D., sentenced 9 

Jones, Thos. C, arrested 21 

Jordan Paver 14. 15 

Jordan & Salt Lake Surplus 

Canal Company 4 

Judd, Wm. R., died 15 

Jutland, Denmark 10, 16 

K. 

Kallundborg, Denmark 3 

Kanab, Kane County 2 

Kane County, earthquake in 16 

Kansas 3, 5, 9 

Keddington, John W. . .21, 22 
Kellev, Chas., missionary.. . .6 

Kelsey, Eli B., died 5 

Kelson, John H 21 

Kennelly, Dan, killed 6 

Khartoum, Soudan 1, 2 

Kimball, Eeber P., died 2 

Kin'..-. Colbert, -entenced...24 
Kinu- Alfonso, of Spain 13, 22 
Kint: Theebaw, of Burmah 23 

Klagenfurt, Austria 1 

Knight, Alonzo, Seventy. ..12 
Kraut, Jacob, killed I ... 21 

L. 

Lagos, Mexico, flood at 11 

Lamar, L. Q. C 4 

Lang, John, sentenced IS 

Langham Hotel, Chicago ...5 
Laugblin's Mill, W. Va....l8 
Lauritzen, Anton, mobbed 1 

Layton, Arizona 23 

Leatham, Alexander.... 18, 21 

Le^, David, lined 9 

Lee, Wm H.. arrested 16 

Lehi, Utah Co., suicide at.. 10 
Lewd and lascivious con- . 

duct 20, 22, 23, 24 

Levi. David, arrested T 

Lewis, S. H., attorney.. .22-24 

Liberal mass meeting 13 

Liquor law sustained 6 

Little, J. C, Mrs 4 

Little Colorado Paver 5 

Little Cottonwood Canyon 3, 4 

Liverpool, England 3-7, 9, 12, 

15, 10, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24 

Logan,Utah 4-6, 11, 17,18,21,23 

Lomas, South America 12 

London, England-. 3, 7, 13, 18 

London Conference 13 

Loosle, John K 20 

Low. James P., missionary 22 
Lund, A. H., missionary'..". .20 

Lund-teen, C. V ". 10 

Lundgren, L., killed 3 

Lund. L. P., missionary 6 

Lyman, Edgar, A., killed 13 
Lyman, F. M., jun 3 

M. 

Madsen, M. P 3,23 

Madsen, Peter, missionary 6 

Mahoney, killed 15 

Makung, China 5 



I Page 
Malad, Idaho 9 

! Manchester, England 11 

Mankato, Minn. 1 

Manning, Daniel 4 

Manti, Sanpete Co. ...3, 7, 23 
Marino Ward, Garfield Co. 24 

Market Lake, Idaho 23 

Marley, John C 7 

Maryland, earthquake in....l 

Mass meeting -. 14 

Mathis, John, Counselor. ..20 
Matthews, Samuel, arre-ted B 

Mattson, M. S., mobbed. 2 

McfJleilan, Geo. B., died... 20 
McCullough. John, actor. • .21 

McDonald, Robert 12 

McGraw, Thos., droyvned 13 
McKav, Wm....2, 8-10, 12-17, 

McMurnn, Agnes, on trial.. 2 
McMurrin, Joseph.. 12, I 
Mears, Geo. A., burned out 11 

Memphis, Tennessee 3 

Mesa, Mexico, battle near 9 

Meteor shock in Texas 11 

Metropolitan Hotel 13 

Mexican troops, battle with 9 
Mexico, yellow fever in. . . .10 
Middleto'n, C . F., arra' g 
Middleton. Fred., Gen. 8-10 

Mikkelsen. Niels 22 

Milford, Beaver Co. 2, 11, 13 

Millard Stake Academv 20 

Mill Creek, Utah 7, 10", 11, IS 

MVo, steamship 

Miner, Aurelius. . .8, 18-20, 22 

Minnesota, storm in 1± 

Minnoch, R., drowned If 

Missoula. Montana 22 

Missouri, strikes in 3 

Mitchell County, N. C ^ 

Moab, Emery County 12,20 
Mobocracv in" th^ 
Moffutt, Alvin 8., killed ...22 
Monroe, Sevier County 11, 20 

Monson. Peter, suicided 5 

Monterey, Cal., death at.... 19 

Montpeiier 5, 9, 15, 17 

Montreal, Canada 18 

Moody, Samuel, mobb 
Morgan, an Idaho judge.... 9 

Morgan Smelter burned 1 

Moritz, jury man 19 

Moroni, Sanpete County 19 

Morrill, Laban, disrate 

Morton, Ann, suicided 10 

Moulton, Joseph, aires 
Mount McGregor.... 11, 14, 15 

Mouritzen, Mouritz 23 

Moy le, James 21 , 22 

Mussellshel! River,Montana 15 
Murray, Eli H., governor 19 

Murray, Mark, stabbed IS 

Musser, A. M 5, S, 11, 19 

N. 

Naef, Jacob I., missionarv 20 

Nash, Isaac B 11. 1», 21 

Nauvoo, Illinois, visited. . . .10 
Naylor, Lewi, missionary.. .17 
Nebeker, Peter, died...". ...10 
Nelson, James H., arrested 10 

Nelson, Sarah A 11,14 

Nerja. Spain, earthquake at 1 

Nevada, steamship 30 

Neve, S. P.. missionary 6, 16 

New Brunswick 2 

New Hampshire 1 



f P SB 

New Mexico '. I 

Newsom, Wm. D 

New York 2. 12. 15, 

- . . 
New York State, cyclone in 15 
New Zealand emigrant- ....:- 
Nibley. Charley ' 

Nichols. Quiney B 12 

Nicholsen, John 4, 1. 

... Christ., missionary 7 

...Jens, missionary- .10 

...J. C. mi--ionary. -.7 

. missionarv". ..22 

Nilson, S. C ' - 

Norton. Albert W., Seventy 11 
Norton, John W.. 
Northern Pacific Raii 

North Og 

15 

Nonnnan Valley, Idah: - 

Nuttall, Richard J 7 

Nye, James, missionar 

o. 

Oakley, Cassia Co.. Ida] 
Oberhaensli. P., rni--ionarv 4 
Odium, E., Prof., kille ... 

O^den 2,7-: 

Ogden Herald, editor of 1 

Ogden River 15, 16 

- 

Otd Folk- Excursion 12 

Olsen, Emil 

Olsen, Ole -~. 

Olsen, Peter, impriso:. - . 

Peter, missionary. ..22 

Oneida County, Idaho I 

Orange Mountain 20 

Orderviile. Kane County. .-16 
Orphan children excursion 16 

Orrick, Wm. H 13 

-in 16 

....16 

. P. T., missionarv... 7 
Oxf ord, Idaho.. . .11, 13, . - 

P. 

Pace, Mr., acquitted " 

Pace, John, Coun- 

Pack. John, died 5 

... 
Palmer, Wm., jun., ki: 

Panama. tr< 5, 8 

Pansruitch. Utah 2. 11 

Paris, Idaho 

Pari-, France '• 

Park City, Summ:- ... 

Parkinson, Geo. C -- 

Pariev's Canvon- . . -. I 

Paro wan. Iron C 
Pardons, Jas, H.. 

Partri'l- 1 5 

I 

Paul, Walter, - " 

Paul, V. - :-v...7 

B, C. E -. - 

Peck. Arthur I - 

- n. Charle- 

Pendbury Colliery 11 

Penjdeh." Afghanistan i 

Penman, John 14, 19 

Pennsylvania 13, 15 

Penrose, C. W, missionary 4 

People's party 2, 13. 15 

Perjury, charVes of . I 

Perkin"-, deputy marshal. ..10 
Perot, Servia 23 



IV 



INDEX. 



Page 



Persson, H., mobbed 2 

Petersen, Hans C 7 

Petersen, Niels P 7 

Petersen, N. W., mobbed.. .3 
Petition to Pres. Cleveland 6 

Pettit, Blanchard, killed 6 

Phelps, Hvrum 6,20 

Phelps, Joseph 31 9 

Pheng Hoo, China 5 

Philadelphia, Penn 3, 21 

Phillippine Islands 20 

Phoenix, Arizona (3 

Pickett, Wm 17 

Pidcock, Joseph, found dead 5 

Piegan Indians 15 

Pierce City, Idaho 17 ! 

Pinsrree, Job 9, 13, 22 I 

Pitts, W. H., died 4 

Pittsburgh, Penn., riot at 19 
Plain City, organization.... 12 [ 

Piatt, Francis, died 24 

Pleasant Green 12, 19,20 I 

Pleasant Valley Junction. ..15 
Pocatello, Idaho, arrest at 21 
Polygamy 2, 4, 6-8. 10-12, 15, 19 
Pondmaker, Indian Chief. .10 i 
Pondmak.er's Reservation... 8 | 
Poaling of railway tralic....4 
Porcher, Thomas.*. . .14, 19, 22 

Portazal, rebel leader 8 

Porter, N 13,21 ! 

Poulson, Hans, Seventy.... 12 

Poulsen, Ole, missionary 6 

Powers, (). w„ judge 18 

Pratt, P. P 4,8,19 

Pratt, W.J 8,9 

Preston, Pedro 5, 16 

Price, Emery Co 13, 20 

Price, Win., missionary 7 

Primary Fair in S. L. City 17 

Prince Alexander 22 

Prostitution in S. L. City 3, 18 

Provo 13-15,24 

Pro vo River 12, 13 

Provost guard in S. L. City 23 
Pueblo, Col., visited 10 

R. 

Railroad accident, terrible 2 
Rasmussen, R, missionary 20 
Beading, John, missionary 12 
Reading, John, burned out 2 
Reader, John C., suicided 22 

Beferee, paper I 

Regina, N. W. T 22 

Republican, newspaper 3 

Republican River ,N ebraska 10 
Rexburg, Idaho.. .8, 10, 18, 19 
Reynolds, Geo., wife of.... 24 
Reynolds, Mary A.T., died 24 
Ribe, Denmark, mobbing at 1 

Ricaards,F. D.. 5,10 

Richfield, Sevier County 2, 16 
Richmond, Cache Co.... 7, 11 

Richmond, Mo., visited 10 

Riding, Albert H., Seventv 11 
Riel, Louis D....3, 7-9, 14, 22 

Rife, Mrs, arrested 16 

Rigby, Wm. F., arrested... 18 

Rioting 3, 19 

Ritchie, James, missionary 3 
Riverside Park, New York 15 

Riverton, Salt Lake C<> 2 

Roberts, John L., arrested 8 
Roberts, John T., sentenced 10 
Robinson's circus wrecked 18 

Robson, Charles 1 6 

Rock, Springs, Wyo 16, 17 



Page I Page 

Rome, cholera in 17, Soudan, Africa 1,4,5 



Romney, Geo 12, 19 

Ronne, Denmark 9 

Rose, Wilson, killed 15 

Rosely, Samuel, drowned.. .5 

Rosehbaum, M. D 15 

Rossa, O'Donnovan, shot... 2 

Rossiter, Wm. A 6, 18, 19 

Roumelia, rebellion in 17, 18 
Royal School of Gunnery. ...3 
Russell, Henry W., killed. ..2 
Russia and Russians 3,5, 10, 14 



Saint Charles, Idaho 17 

Saint George, Utah 1 

Saint John, Tooele Co — 7, 18 

Saint Johns, Arisona 24 

Saint Paul, Minnesota 18 

Salina, Sevier Co 2 

Salmon River, Idaho 11 

Salt Lake Brewery 21 

Salt Lake City 1-24 

Salt Lake County difficulty 2 
Salt Lake Democrat Comp. 4 
Salt Lake Ev. Democrat • . .4 
Samaria, Oneida Co., Idaho 1 

Sandwich Islands 5, 20 

Sandy, arrest at 20 

Santaquin, Utah Co 15 

Savers, J. W, died 10 

Schotield, Nephi Y 20 

Schroder, Thomas C 23 

Scotield, Utah 15 

Seal, Charles 10,18 

Sears, S. W 12, 18 

Seattle, Washington Terr.. .17 

Second District Court 2, 4, 5, 

9,18 

Segregating policy 17, 19 

Servia, war in 20, 22, 23 

Seventh School District suit 1 
Seventies organized 7, 11,12,20 
Severance, Daniel, killed. -.13 

Sevier Stake 14 

Shafer, Eliza 15, 17,24 

Sharp, John, fined 17 

Sbaw, H.W., author 19 

Shav, Wm., suicided 20 

Sheffield, England 15 

Shenandoah, Pennsylvania 6 

Shepherd, Marcus L 7 

Shimer, Frank 11 

Shipp, Mill'ord B 24 

Shurtliff, Geo 24 

Shurtliff, L. E., Seventy.... 7 

Sign in the heavens 14 

Simpson, Charles W S, 10 

Simpson, Thomas 4,' 11, 19 

Sisom, Joseph 20 

Slivitzna, Bulgaria 22 

Sloan, Robert W 5 

Smith, Andrew 11, 12, 19 

Smith, John Henry 2, 13 

Smith, Joseph D 7 

Smith Samuel- H. B 7 

Smithtield, Arizona 19 

Snell, John W 15 

Snell, John W., jun 16 

Snowllake, Arizona, death at 2 

Snow, Lorenzo 22, 24 

Snowslides, disastrious 3 

Social, Hall Salt L. City 17,23 

Soda Springs, Utah 2 

Sommer, Nicholas 20 

Sommeiset, Pennsylvania 1 
Sommersct Village, Canada 9 
South Cottonwood, Utah 5 



Southern Idaho Independ. 20 

Southern States 16 

Spain 1, 10, 13, 14. 16, 22 

Spanish Fork, Utah Co. 13, 18 

Spencer, Claudius V 8 

Spilsbury, A. P., sentenced 6 

Springer, New Mexico 4 

Springville, Utah Co 24 

Stafford, Aaron, major 16 

Stable, John, missionary....? 

Starkey, Elizabeth Ann. ..12, 

15-17, 19 

Stead, editor 21 

Steele, Captain, in battle.. .11 

Stevensen, Edward 11 

Steward, Benjamin F 12 

Strikes 1,3,8,11, 13, 16 

Sti-0m,Rudolph, missionary 22 
Stewart, General, in Africa 1 

Stewart, O. M., Bishop 6 

Stuart, D. M., Bishop.,. ...22 

Stuart, Geo., Bishop 9 

Storms 11, 13,14, 16,17 

Suakim, Soudan 4 

Sugar House Ward 7 

Sullivan, Michael, killed 2 

Sullivan, Pat, killed 6 

Summers, Hester M 22 

Summit County, Utah 15 

Svenska Hdrolden, paper.. 11 

Swain, Robert 19, 20 

Swedish Publishing Comp. 11 



Tabernacle Choir excursion 16 

Tamai, Soudan, taken 5 

Tanner, John H, missionary 7 

Tarred and feathered 11 

Taylor, Geo. H., arrested. .23 

Tavlor, James 9, 10 

Tavlor, John W., delegated 8 

Taylor, Martha, burned 21 

Temple Block raided 7, 20 

Templeman, Mathew, died 20 

Tennessee 6,21 

Territorial Superintendent 

of District Schools 15 

Test oath annulled 5 

Texas, strikes in 3,16 

Texas convicts escapes 9 

Theurer, Fred., missionary 22 

Thiers, Frauce, disaster at 11 

Third District Court 2, 3, 4, 6-9 

12, 17-24 

Thomas, Charles J 9 

Thomas, Edward 3 

Thomas, Edward, arrested 17 

Thomas, Thomas F 9 

Thompson, James, arrested 6 
Thomson, O. L., missionary 7 
Thomsen, Soren, missionary 7 
Thorn, Geo., a seducer 13, 18 

Thornlev, John W 16 

Tintic,Utah 7 

Tolono, 111., mobbing at.... 18 

Tornado in Iowa 11 

Toronto, Canada, tire at 15 

Toyama, Japan, fire in 7 

Trenton, N. J., fire in 5 

Turner, John F 17 

Twichel, James E 17, 24 

Twiss, Stephen P., judge. ..2 
Typhoon, a destructive.... §i 

u. 

Udall, David K., released 24 
Unlawful cohabitation ...2-24 



PRIVATE NOTES. 



Page 
United States Supreme 

Court 1,5,6,24 

United States troops.... 14, 23 

Urie, John, missionary 15 

Utah & Nevada Railway. . . .12 

Utah Central Railway 4 

Utah Commission.... 5, 15, 19 

Utah County 2 

Utah Legislature 15 

Utah Lake 2.4 

Utah Penitentiary 4, 8, 9, 12- 

16, 18-22, 24 

Utah Supreme Court 2,11,12,24 

V. 

Valentine, A., missionary 10 
Vanderbilt, W. H., died 23 
Vandercook, Oscar C . . . .22-24 
Varian, assistant attorney . 17 
Velese, Spain, earthquake in 1 
Vilas. W. F., cabinet officer 4 
Volker, John W. F 20 

w. 

Waldram, Lorenzo, jun 4 

Walker, Wm. H, Seventy..." 
Walsh, Henry, missionary 3 
Walton, Thomas, arrested 14 



Page 

Warnock, R., failed 17 

Wasatch Block 18 

Washington, D. C. 1-6, 8, 23, 24 
Washington, Ohio, cyclone 17 

Washington monument 3 

Waterville, New York 16 

Watrin, John, convict 16 

Watson, James C 8,19 

Weatherell, Joseph 15 

Webster, Wm. M 20 

Weight of common letters. .13 

Weiler, Joseph, died 15 

Weinhem, Germanv 3 

Wells, Daniel H., Pres 2 

Wells, Joseph S 20 

Wells, M. U., missionary.... 3 

Wellsville, Cache Co 22 

Welsh Saints re-union 15 

Wenner, U. J 20 

Westminster Hall, London 2 

White, Chas. L 12,15,18 

Whitnev, Orson F 15 

Whitney, Wm. C 4 

Wilding, Wm., died 11 

Wilford, Idaho 8,9 

Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania 16 

Willard, Box Elder Co 10 

Willes, Wm., missionary.... 3 
Willey, W.W 16, 17 



Page 
Williainsburgh, Va.,fire at 11 
Wilson, Geo. T., sentenced 6 

Wilson, James T 6 

Winn, John, sentenced 10 

Winnipeg, British Am 14 

Wisconsin, ship. . .6, 9, 12, 16 

Witt, John W., arrested 17 

Woodard, F. J., killed 2 

Woodland, Wasatch Co 12 

Woodruff, Phoebe W.,died 21 

Woodruff, W., wife of 21 

Woolley Bros. Store 13 

Wright, Lorenzo, kill'ed 23 

Wright, Seth, killed 23 

Y. 

Yaqui-Indians, battle with 9 

Yearian, W. H 22, 23 

Yellow fever in Mexico 16 

Y. M. M. I. A. resolutions 3 

Young, Clara D., died 6 

Young, John W., wife of. . .6 

Young, Royal B 2 

Young, Seymour B 7, 20 

Yuma, Arizona 6, 10 

z. 

Zane, Charles S. 1, 6, S, 16-24 



PRIVATE NOTES. 



VI PRIVATE NOTES. 



CHRONOLOGY. 



188 5. 



JANUARY. 

The Referee, a weekly paper de- 
voted to fun, fashion and amusement, 
was published in Salt Lake City. It 
lived only a short time. 

Peter Olsen, missionary in Norway, 
was imprisoned five days on bread 
and water, for having preached the 
Gospel. 

War with China was declared by 
France. 

Several villages in Italy were de- 
stroyed by avalanches. 

General Stewart and party of sol- 
diers, who were returning from Khar- 
toum, down the Nile, were massacred 
by the Arabs. 

Fri. 2. — Shocks of earthquake were 
felt in New Hampshire and Mary- 
land. 

Mon. 5. — 500 houses were de- 
stro}*ed by earthquake in Matrie, 
Spain. ■ 

Tu.6. — After several days' exami- 
nation, the Seventh School District 
lawsuit (Salt Lake City) was sub- 
mitted to Judge C. S. Zane. 

Jerry Griffin suicided at Eureka, 
Juab Co. 

Wed. 7. — Thomas Horkley was 
accidently killed, near Samaria, 
Oneida Co. , Idaho. 

Joseph Alonzo Huntsman, of Fill- 
more, was accidently shot while hunt- 
ing in the Cedar Mountains. 

Fresh earthquakes were felt at 
Nerja and Velese, Spain. 

Thurs. 8. — Judge Zane gave a 
decision in favor of the School Trus- 
tees of the Seventh School District. 

Sat. 10. — J. Farren suicided at 
Bingham, Salt Lake Co. 

The John W. Lowell Co., dealers 
in farming implements, etc., inSalt 
Lake City, failed. 

Bingham County, Idaho, was cre- 
ated of a small part of Oneida Coun- 



ty, by an act of the Idaho Legis- 
lature. 

Sun. 11. — A destructive cyclone 
visited Alabama. 

Mon. 12. — Addison Everett, a 
prominent Elder of the Church, died 
in St. George. 

Mar} r Ann Fielding, widow of the 
late Joseph Fielding, died in Salt 
Lake City. 

Elders F. F. Hintze and Anton 
Lauritzen were mobbed in Ribe, Den- 
mark. 

Tu. 13. — Geo. S. Grant, son of 
the late Prest. J. M. Grant, was ac- 
cidently shot and killed in Oakley, 
Cassia Co., Idaho. 

Ex- Vice-President Schuyler Colfax 
died at Mankato, Minn. 

Wed. 14. — A number of persons 
lost their lives by an explosion of 
dynamite in Sommerset, Penn. 

The Carbon (Wy. i coal-miners 
struck for higher wages. 

Thurs. 15.— The S. S. Admirald 
Moorsom was sunk off Holyhead, 
whereby 16 persons lost their lives. 

Fri. 16. — The Morgan smelter, 
situated a few miles south of Salt 
Lake City, was destroyed by fire. 

Sat. 17. — After a bloody battle, 
the English gained a victory over the 
Mahdi's forces, near Abu Kloa, 
Africa. 

Sun. 18. — Seventeen persons were 
burned to death in an Illinois insane 
asylum. 

By an avalanche in Klagenfurt, 
Austria, a great number of people 
were killed. 

Mon. 19. — The U. S. Supreme 
Court at Washington, D. G, con- 
firmed the action of the Utah courts 
in refusing to admit Rudger Clawson 
to bail. 

The British forces, under Gen. 
Stewart, reached the Nile, after 



CHRONOLOGY FEBRUARY, 1885. 



fighting several battles with the 
enemy. 

Tu. 20. — Prest. Angus M. Cannon 
was arrested in Salt Lake City, on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation. 

Wed. 21. — Prest. A. M. Cannon's 
preliminary examination was com- 
menced before Commissioner Mc- 
Kay. 

Fri. 22. — Rudger Clawson's sen- 
tence for polygamy was confirmed 
by the Utah Supreme Court. The 
case was appealed to the U. S. Su- 
preme Court, in Washington, D. C. 

Jacob S. Boreman qualified as as- 
sociate judge, in place of Stephen P. 
Twiss, resigned. 

Sat. 24.— After several days' 
examination before Commissioner 
McKay, Prest. A. M. Cannon was 
placed under SI, 500 bonds. 

Farr Bros. , of Ogden, dealers in 
agricultural implements, failed. 

Daniel H. Wells succeeded John 
H. Smith as President of the Eu- 
ropean Mission, the latter sailing for 
America. 

An attempt was made to blow West- 
minster Hall, London, into the air 
by dynamite. 

Mon. 20. — Khartoum, Soudan, was 
taken b} r the Arabs through treach- 
ery, and Gen. Gordon killed. 

Tu. 27. — Road-master Hassettand 
Fireman Holden were killed by a 
railroad accident, near Soda Springs, 
Idaho. 

Wed. 28.— Royal B. Young, of 
Salt Lake City, was arrested on a 
charge of polygamy and unlawful 
cohabitation. 

Thurs. 29.— R. B. Young was 
placed under §2,000 bonds, after his 
preliminary examination before Com- 
missioner McKay. 

Fri. 30. — Agnes McMurrin, R. B. 
Young's alleged plural wife, was on 
trial in the Third District Court, on 
a charge of perjury. 

F. J. Woodard was shot and killed 
by the constable of Panguitch, Gar- 
field Co., Utah, while resisting the 
officers. 

Sat. 31. — Jacob S. Boreman was 
appointed as judge of the Second 
Judicial District of Utah. 



FEBRUARY. 

A difficulty between the land own- 
ers in Utah County and the several 
canal companies of Salt Lake County, 
caused by the overflow of Utah Lake, 
was settled by arbitration. 

Baile\- and son, of Salt Lake City, 
shipped from Utah $13,000 worth of 
lucern seed and seventy-five car 
loads of barley. 

A number of persons were killed 
by a snowslide at the Homestake 
mine, Colorado. The bodies were 
not found until April. 

Sun. 1. — Win. C. Adkin, of the 
2nd Ward, Salt Lake City, was killed 
in Riverton, Salt Lake Co., by a 
horse falling upon him. 

A fire destroyed 82,000 worth of 
property for John Reading, in the 
13th Ward, Salt Lake City. 

Mon. 2. — O'Donnovan Rossa, Irish 
party leader, was shot by a woman 
in New York. 

Tu. 3. — A law passed by the Idaho 
Legislature, prohibiting all "Mor- 
mons" from voting, was approved 
by Gov. Bunn. 

Wed. 4. — Charles Oglevie, of Rich- 
field, Sevier Co., was shot and killed, 
while he, with a number of com- 
panions, was engaged in a drunken 
carousal in the neighboring town of 
Glenwood. 

Fri. 6.—W. S. Godbe, aged 23 
years, son of W. S. Godbe, suicided 
at Mi Word, Beaver Co. 

Sat. 7 '.- — Young Henry W. Russell 
was accidentry shot and killed in 
Salina, Sevier Co. 

A terrible railroad accident, by 
which a number of persons were 
killed, occurred at New Brunswick, 
N. J. 

Sun. 8.— Col. Heber P. Kimball 
died in Salt Lake City. 

Michael Sullivan, a miner, was 
accidently killed in Eureka, Juab Co. 

Elders M. S. Mattson and H. 
Persson were mobbed in Aabyholm, 
Sweden. 

Ifon. 0. — Ogden experienced a hot 
political contest at the polls of elec- 
tion, but the Peoples' Party suc- 
ceeded in getting a majority of votes 
for their candidates. 



CHKONCLCGY— MAI CH, 1885, 



Tu. 10. — Thomas Bullock, one of 
the Pioneers of Utah, died at Coal- 
ville, Summit Co. 

Wed. 11. — Prest. A. M. Cannon 
was arraigned before the Third Dis- 
trict Court and allowed until the 
following Friday to plead. He then 
plead not guilty. 

Thurs. 12.— Samuel Deall and L. 
Lundgren were killed by a snowslide 
in Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake Co. 

Elder William Willes returned to 
Salt Lake City, from bis mission to 
India. 

Eighteen persons were burned to 
death in Blockley's almhouse, near 
Philadelphia. 

Elders N. W. Petersen and M. P. 
Madsen were mobbed, while holding 
a meeting in Kallundborg, Denmark. 

Fri. 13.— Alta, in Little Cotton- 
wood Canyon, was almost entirely 
destroy ed^by a snowslide, and about 
fifteen persons were killed. 

Sat. 14. — An attempt was made 
to burn the Idaho Democrat and the 
Republican offices, in Boise City, 
Idaho. 

Mon. 10. — Several thousand riot- 
ers made a great disturbance in Lon- 
don, England. 

Tu. 1 7. — The membersof the Y.M. 
M. I. A. of the 1st Ward, Salt Lake 
City, resolved to withhold their pat- 
ronage from certain merchants, who 
participate in prosecuting the Latter- 
da} r Saints. Other associations shortly 
after followed the example. 

Dr. John D. M. Crookwell died in 
Salt Lake City. 

The dead bodies from the Alta 
disaster arrived in Salt Lake City. 

The town of Bisbee, Arizona, was 
partly destroyed by fire. 

Wed. 18. — The steamers, Ida 
Daragh and City of Helena were 
burned at Memphis, Tenn. 

Thurs. 19. — Philadelphia, Penn., 
was visited by a destructive fire. 

Fri. 20. — F. F. Hintze's unlawful 
cohabitation case was called in the 
Third District Court, and the prose- 
cutors discovered that the absent 
defendent was not under bonds. 

Sat. 21. — The grand structure 
known as the Washington monument 



was dedicated in Washington, D. C. 

Mon. 23. — A fire in North Ogden, 
Weber Co. , destroyed property worth 
$25,000. 

Wed. 25.— Elder F. M. Lyman, 
jun., who was arrested the day pre- 
vious, was arraigned before the court 
at Weinhem, Germany, accused of 
holding a meeting and preaching 
"Mormonism," and sentenced to one 
day's imprisonment, after suffering 
which he was banished from the 
country. 

Thurs. 20. — Three men were killed 
and a number of others wounded by 
a terrible explosion, at the Royal 
School of Gunnery, London, Eng- 
land. 

Fri. 27. — The Salt Lake City po- 
lice officers made a raid on the houses 
of prostitution. 

Sat. 28. — Jas. H. Patisons, of 
Mauti, Sanpete Co., was accidently 
killed by a horse falling on him. 

MARCH, 

The impossibility of securing a fair 
trial in the Utah Federal Courts 
caused a number of leading men to 
voluntarily go into exile. 

Win. Fotheringhara, of Beaver, 
was indicted by the grand jury, ar- 
rested and placed under bonds, be- 
ing charged with unlawful cohabita- 
tion. 

Railroad strikes in Texas, Kansas, 
Missouri and other States caused 
much trouble. 

New gold fields were discovered 
near Helena, Montana. 

The half-breeds in British Amer- 
ica, led by Louis D. Riel, rebelled 
against the government. Troops 
were sent out to restore peace. 

The prospects of war between 
England and Russia, in reference to 
the Afghanistan border question, be- 
came very threatening. 

The French were victorious in the 
war with the Chinese. 

Sun. 1. — Elders Henry Walsh, L. 
A. Bailey, Anson V. Call, Edw. 
Thomas, James Ritchie, A. L. Hed- 
berg and M. D. Wells arrived in 
Liverpool, England, as missionaries 
from Utah. 



CHRONOLOGY — M.1RCH, 1885. 



Hon. 2.— P. P. Pratt, of Salt Lake 
City, was arrested on a charge of 
unlawful cohabitation. 

The free mail delivery system was 
introduced in Salt Lake City. 

The first number of the Salt Lake 
Evening Democrat, a daily anti-Mor- 
mon newspaper, was published in 
Salt Lake City, by the Salt Lake 
Democrat Company. 

Elders Wm. F. Garner and C. F. 
Christensen had a narrow escape 
from being lynched b}- a mob in 
Mitchell County, North Carolina, 
where they labored as mission- 
aries. 

-ppgd. 4, — Ole L.Hansen, of Brigh- 
ton, Salt Lake Co.. charged with 
unlawful cohabitation, was arraigned 
before the Third District Court and 
plead not guilty 

Grover Cleveland was inaugurated 
as President of the United States, in 
Washington, D. C. 

Thurs. 5. — President Cleveland 
sent to the Senate the following 
names for members of his Cabinet : 
Thomas F. Bayard, ef Delevare, for 
Secretary of State ; Daniel Manning, 
of New York, Sec. of the Treasury ; 
Win. G. Endicott, of Massachusetts, 
Sec. of War ; Wm. C. Whitney, of 
New York, Sec. of the Navy , L. Q. 
C. Lamar, of Mississippi, Sec. of the 
Interior ; Wm. F. Vilas, of Wiscon- 
sin, Postmaster General, and A. H. 
Garland, of Arkansas, Attorney- 
General. They were all confirmed 
bv the Senate. 

Fri. 6.— Wm. H. Pitts, of the firm 
of Godbe, Pitts & Co., died in Salt 
Lake City. 

Sun. 8.— Elders C. W. Penrose, 
Lorenzo Waldram, jun., and Wm. 
W. Burton arrived at Liverpool, Eng- 
land, as missionaries from Utah. 

Mon. 9. — The Jordan and Salt 
Lake Surplus Water Canal Company 
was parti}* organized. 

Bishop John Hunt's wife was 
burned to death in Snowflake, Ari- 
zona. 

Tu. 10. — A nitro-glycerine factory 
at Bradford, Penn., exploded, causing 
considerable loss of life and prop- 
erty. 



Wed. 11.— The Church blacksmith 
shop, at the mouth of Little Cotton- 
wood Canyon, was burned. 

Thurs. 12. — The jury returned a 
verdict of guilt}' against Thos. Simp- 
son for polvgamv. 

Fri. 13.— The Gardo House, Salt 
Lake City, was searched by U. S. 
deputy marshals, who subpoenaed a 
number of witnesses. 

Sat. 14.— In the Third District 
Court, Thos. Simpson was sentenced 
to two years' imprisonment for poly- 
gamy and taken to the Utah Peniten- 
tiary. 

The case against Laban Morrill, of 
Circle Valley, Utah, for unlawful 
cohabitation, was dismissed in the 
Second District Court, at Beaver. 

The machine shops at the railroad 
depot in Logan, Utah, were destroyed 
by fire. 

The Utah Central and D. & R. G. 
W. Railway's pooled their local pas- 
senger traffic. 

Mon. 16. — Thomas Holland was 
drowned at Baker's Spring, near 
Utah Lake. 

A bloody encounter, in which three 
outlaws were killed, took place be- 
tween olficers and cowboys, at 
Springer, N. M. 

Tu. 17. — John Nicholson, associate 
editor of the Deseret News, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and placed under 81,500 
bonds to answer before the grand 
jury. 

Wed. 18. — By an explosion of fire- 
damp in the colliery at Camp Hausen, 
Prussia, a great number »f men lost 
their lives. 

Thurs. 19. — U. S. deputy marshals 
raided the houses of Geo. Q. Cannon, 
Geo. Dunford and Mrs. J. C. Little, 
in search of witnesses in polygamy 
cases. 

Stephen Orville Abbott, of Bunker- 
ville, Nevada, was killed by a rock 
falling on him. 

Fri. 20.— The British forces had 
a bloody battle with the rebels near 
Suakim, Soudan. 

Sat. 21.— Elder F. Oberhaensli, 
from Utah, arrived in Liverpool, Eng- 
land, as a missionary. 



CHK< >N< >!.< XrY — APRIL, 1885. 



Tlie State House in Trenton, N. J., 
was partly clestroj'ed by lire. 

The Langbam Hotel. Chicago, was 
burned. 

Sun. 22. — Another battle was 
iought between the British and the 
rebels in the -Soudan, in which about 
one thousand of the latter were 
killed and wounded. 

Mon. 23. — The U. S. Supreme 
Court at Washington, D. C, ren- 
dered a decision annulling the test 
oath formulated by the Utah Com- 
mission. By this ruling a number of 
persons were restored to the elec- 
tive franchise. 

Tu. 24. — The jury in the Second 
District Court (Beaver) rendered a 
verdict of not guilty in the case of 
Mr. Pace, who had been charged 
with unlawful cohabitation. 

Joseph Pidcock, of Ogden, was 
found dead near Montpelier, Bear 
Lake Co., Idaho. 

The Chinese gained a victory over 
the French, in a battle at Dong Dang. 

Wed. 25. — A grand musical con- 
cert, under the direction of Prof. 
Careless, was given in the Salt Lake 
Theatre. 

The Music Hall and a Roman Ca- 
tholic church in Buffalo, N. J., was 
destroj'ed by fire. 

FH. 27.— Eli B. Kelsey died in 
Salt Lake City. 

Edward Partridge and others ar- 
rived in Salt Lake City, from a mis- 
sion to the Sandwich Islands. 

Samuel Rosely and son were ac- 
cidently drowned in the Little Colo- 
rado River, Arizona. 

Sat. 28. — Abraham Coon died in 
Salt Lake City. 

Sun. 29. — Peter Monson com- 
mitted suicide b}^ hanging, in South 
Cottonwood, Utah. 

Four prisoners made their escape 
from the Fort Douglas guard house. 

The French troops gained a vic- 
tory over the Chinese at Pheng Hoo, 
and two days later, after fighting 
several battles, occupied Makung. 

Mon. 30.— O. P. Arnold, of Salt 
Lake City, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohibitation and placed 
under $1,500 bonds. 



The Russian outposts drove the 
Afghans out of their positions at 
Penjdeh, after considerable fighting. 

Tu. 31. — The city of Aspinwall, 
on the isthmus of Panama, was 
burned by the rebels, under Pres- 
ton. 

U. S. troops were ordered to 
Aspinwall to help put down the re- 
bellion. 

APRIL. 

Utah exported large quantities of 
potatoes and beef to Colorado. 

War was threatening between Eng- 
land and Russia. 

Negotiations for peace were under 
way between France and China. 

A number of flowing artesian wells 
were made in Salt Lake City and 
vicinity. 

Floods did much damage in Kansas. 

Wed. 1 . — The Turkish finance min- 
ister at Constantinople was attacked 
by 2,000 women, demanding pay due 
their husbands foi government ser- 
vices. 

A. M. Musser was arrested in Salt 
Lake City, on a charge of unlawful 
cohabitation, and placed under $1,000 
bonds, to await the action of the 
grand jury. 

Thurs. 2. — The Utah Commission 
made a verbal report to President 
Cleveland at Washington, D. C, 
about their work in Utah. 

Fri. 3.— Elder Robert W. Sloan 
arrived in Liverpool, England, as a 
missionary from Utah. 

The British gained a victory over 
the rebels in the Soudan and took 
the fortifications at Tamai ; the city 
was burned. 

Jacob S. Boreman was appointed 
for the second time judge of the First 
Judicial District of Utah. 

Sat. 4. — John Pack, one of the 
Pioneers of 1847, died in Salt Lake 
City. 

The 55th annual conference of the 
Church convened in Logan, Utah, F. 
D. Richards presiding, and was con- 
tinued three days. 

Sun. 5. — Delegate John T. Caine 
arrived in Salt Lake City from four 
months' labor in the interest of Utah, 
at Washington, D. C. 



6 



CHRONOLOGY APRIL, 1885. 



At the General Conference at Logan 
an epistle from the First Presidency 
was read, and a committee was ap- 
pointed to draft a petition to the 
President of the United States, pray- 
ing for protection against the tyran- 
nical acts of the Federal officials in 
Utah. 

Mon. 6. — By the caving in of a 
gangway of the Cuylor colliery, near 
Shenandoah, Pa., ten miners were 
entombed alive. 

Tu. 7. — Charles I. Robson, Coun- 
selor to the President of the Mari- 
copa Stake, and Bishop O. M. Stew- 
art of Alma, were sentenced to ninety 
dajV imprisonment each, at Yuma, 
Arizona, for cohabitation with their 
wives. 

HVc?. 8.— Dan Kennelly and Pat 
Sullivan were killed by an explosion 
in the Eureka mine, Tmtic, 

Blanchard Pettit was aecidently 
killed near the Hot Spring Lake, 
Salt Lake Co. 

Thurs. 9.- — The Tennessee Legis- 
lature passed a law, forbidding the 
teaching of polygamy in that State. 

Fri. 10.— Elders S. P. Neve and 
John Fellt arrived in Liverpool, Eng- 
land, as missionaries from Utah. 

In the District Court at Phcenix, 
Arizona, the jury returned a verdict 
of guilty against A. P. Spilsbury, 
indicted for unlawful cohabita- 
tion. 

Sat. 11.— The Guion S. S. Wis- 
consin sailed from Liverpool with 
187 '-Mormon" passengers, includ- 
ing 19 returning missionaries: in 
charge of L. P. Lund ; it arrived in 
New York April 22nd, and the com- 
pany reached Salt Lake City on the 
28th. 

Sun. 12. — A. P. Spilsbmr and 
Geo. T. Wilson, who had been sen- 
tenced to six months' imprisonment, 
and Hyrum Phelps and James T. 
Wilson, to three months imprison- 
ment each, all for cohabitation with 
their wives, left Phoenix, Arizona, 
for the prison at Yuma. 

Mon. 13.— O. P. Arnold, of Salt 
Lake City,plead guilt}- to the charge 
of unlawful cohabitation, in the Third 
District Court, and promising to obey 



the law in the future was let off with 
paying a $300 fine. 

Elders Wm. F. Garner, of North 
Ogden, and C. F. Christensen. of 
Kanosh, were arrested in Carter 
County, Tennessee, accused of hav- 
ing preached polygamy. 

Tu. 14. — James Thompson, of Salt 
Lake City, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohabitation. 

Elders Garner #nd Christensen 
were thrust in prison in Elizabeth- 
town, Tennessee. 

Wed. 15. — Edward Brain, of the 
21st Ward, Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and placed under S2,000 
bonds. 

After a blood} r skirmish, Fort Pitt, 
British America, was deserted by its 
occupants, who took shelter with 
some friendlv Indians. 

Thurs. 16.'— Elders John D. Burt, 
Chas. Kelley, Ole Poulsen, Niels H. 
Jensen, H. J. Christiansen and Peter 
Madsen arrived in Liverpool, Eng- 
land, as missionaries from Utah. 

Judge Zane rendered a decision 
declaring the Territorial liquor law 
valid and sustaining the action of 
the county court against certain 
liquor dealers. 

Mary Gilmore, a young girl, was 
thrown from a horse and killed, at 
Brighton, Salt Lake Co. 

Fri. 1 7.— Daniel P Clark, of Paro- 
wan, Utah, committed suicide. 

Clara I). Young, wife of John W. 
Young, died in Salt Lake City. 

Emil O. Olsen, of Salt Lake City, 
was arrested on a charge of unlaw- 
ful cohabitation, and placed under 
$1,000 bonds. 

Sun. 19. — President Wm. D. Hen- 
dricks of the Oneida Stake, Idaho, 
was arrested in Logan, Utah, on a 
charge of cohabitation with his 
wives. 

Mon. 20. — Wm. A. Rossiter, of 
Salt Lake City, was arrested on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation and 
placed under 81.000 bonds. 

The U. S. Supreme Court in Wash- 
ington, D. C, sustained the decision 
of the Utah Court, in Rudger Claw- 
son's polygamy case, but decided in 



CHRONOLOGY — MAY, 1885. 



favor of giving the murderer Fred. 
Hopt a fourth trial. 

A conflagration destroyed 5,917 
houses in Toyarna, Japan. 

Michael Collins was killed by an 
explosiou in the Beck mine, at Tin- 
tic, Utah. 

Tn. 21.— David E. Davis, of St. 
John, Tooele Co.. Utah, wns arrested 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
and placed under $1,500 bonds.' 

Wed. 22.— S. H. B. Smith, of Salt 
Lake City, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohabitation and placed 
under $1,500 bonds. 

Thurs. 23. — An explosion, doing 
much damage, occurred in the Ad- 
mirality Building in London, Eng- 
land. 

Fri. 24. — U. S. deputy marshals 
searched the Temple Block for the 
purpose of making arrests, but found 
none they wanted. 

Bishop H. B. Clawson, of Salt Lake 
City, was arrested on a charge of 
unlawful cohabitation and placed 
under $1,500 bonds. 

The first number of the "Home 
Sentinel," a weekly newspaper, was 
published by Jakeman & Harrington, 
at Manti, SaDpete Co. 

A battle was fought between the 
Canadian troops an.'. Reil's forces, 
on Fish Creek. 

U. S. troops took possession of 
Aspinwall, Panama. 

Sat. 23. — Geo. L. Crismon, of the 
Sugar House Ward, committed sui- 
cide by taking stricknine. 

Mon. 27. — The trial of President 
A. M. Cannon was commenced in the 
Third District Court, Salt Lake City. 

Tn. 28. — Abraham H. Cannon, of 
Salt Lake City, was arrested on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation and 
placed under $1,500 bonds. 

Buhring's saloon, near the D. & 
R. G. Ry. deppt, in Salt Lake City, 
was destroyed by fire. 

TFed. 29.— Elders Wm. Price, Jo- 
seph D. Smith, Joshua Greenwood, 
R. T. Owens, John H. Tanner, Chas. 
D. Goaslind, D. P. Callister, James 
Nye, Edward Davis, Edward Clyde, 
O. L. Thomson, Richard J. Nuttall, 
Hans C. Petersen, A. P. Eliason, J. 



C. Nielsen, S. C. Nielsen, S. C. Han 
sen, Soren Thomsen, Christian Niel- 
sen, Einar Erickson, Carl F. Carlsen, 
John Hagraan, Niels P. Petersen, 
Peter C Jensen, Chas. H. Aebischer, 
C. Frederick Bessler and John Stahle 
arrived in Liverpool, England, as 
missionaries from Utah, accompanied 
by five ladies and John C. Marley as 
visitors. 

The jury returned a verdict of 
guilty against President A. M. Can- 
non, for cohabitation with his wives. 

Bishop James C. Hamilton, of Mill 
Creek, Salt Lake Co., Utah, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful coha- 
bitation and polygamy, brought to 
Salt Lake City, and placed under 
$1,500 bonds. 

Two children of M. Barnes, of 
Richmond, Cache Co., Utah, were 
almost beaten to death by a lunatic 

Thurs. 30.— The trial of A. M. 
Musser was commenced in the Third 
District Court. 

John Aird, who plead guilty to the 
charge of unlawful cohabitation, prom- 
ised to obey the law and was sen- 
tenced to pay $300 fine, and in 
default of payment sent to the pen- 
itentiary. 

Seven prisoner escaped from the 
Ogden City jail. 

MAY. 

The 84th quorum of Seventies was 
organized by S. B. Young in the 
Bannock Stake of Zion, Idaho, with 
Swen Jacobs, sen. , Walter Paul, Arvis 
C. Dille, Joseph H. Brown, L. E. 
Shurtliff, Walter G. Paul and Wm. 
H. Walker as Presidents. 

Elder Niels Hansen who labored 
as a missionary in Frederikshavn, 
Denmark, was ordered out of the 
country. 

Marcus L. Shepherd and David 
Levi were arrested at Beaver, Utah, 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation. 

The Apache Indians were on the 
war-path and killed a number of 
persons in Arizona and New Mexico. 

Negotiations for a peaceful solu- 
tion of the Afghan boundary ques- 
tion was commenced between Eng- 
land and Russia. 



8 



< BBONOLOGT — MAY, 1885. 



Fri. 1. — Claudius V. Spencer, who 
had been indicted for unlawful co- 
habitation, plead guilty in the Third 
District Court. and. promising to live 
according to the Edmund's law, Judge 
Zane suspended sentence. 

Sat. 2. — Three hundred Canadian 
troops had a battle with six hundred 
half breeds, at Pondmaker's reserva- 
tion. British America. 

A grand mass meeting was held in 
the Tabernacle, Salt Lake City, to 
protest against the overt acts of the 
Federal officials in the Territory. 
A declaration of grievances and pro- 
test, addressed to the President and 
people of the United States, was 
adopted, and John T. Caine. John 
W. Taylor and John Q. Cannon were 
chosen as a delegation to proceed to 
Washington with the document. 
Similar mass meetings were held in 
the -.arious cities and towns of the 
Territory. 

The jury in the Third District 
Court returned a verdict of guilty 
against A. M. Musser, James C. 
Watson and P. P. Pratt. The latter, 
who had been indicted for unlawful 
cohabitation, plead guilty to the 
charge and was sentenced to six 
months' imprisonment and 8300 fine, 
and taken to the penitentiary. 

Sun. 3. — Several persons lost their 
lives by a disastrous fire in New York. 

Twenty-five Jamaicans were killed 
and twenty others wounded by na- 
tional soldiers at Culebra. Panama. 

Mon. 4. — The delegation, appoint- 
ed -by the mass meeting, left Salt 
Lake City for Washington, D. C. 

Several thousand employes of the 
D. & R. G. Ry., in Colorado made 
strike. 

O. L. Hansen, of Brighton, in- 
dicted for unlawful cohabitation, was 
acquitted in the Third District Court, 
Salt Lake City. 

Wed. 0. — Madame Barrios, widow 
of the late President Barrios, of 
Guatemala, Central America, passed 
through Ogden, Utah, accompanied 
by a part}* of 75 persons. 

Portazal and Cacabelo, two of the 
rebel leaders who burned Aspinwall, 
Panama, were executed. 



Fri. S'.— Wm. D. Newson. of the 
11th AVard, Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of polygamy, and 
the preliminary examination com- 
menced before Commissioner McKay. 
Lucy Devereau, defendants' plural 
wife, one of the witnesses in the case, 
was taken to the penitentiary for re- 
fusing to testify. 

Sat. 0. — Samuel Matthews andJohn 
A. Hunt, county commissioners, were 
arrested at Paris, Bear Lake Co., 
Idaho. 

/'resident A. M. Cannon, A. M. 
Mu-ser and James C. Watson were 
sentenced to six months' imprison- 
ment and $300 fine each for cohabit- 
ing with their wives, and taken to 
the penitentiary. 

Samuel Humphreys was arrested 
at Xounnan Vallfy* and C. Simpson 
at another place in Bear Lake Co., 
Idaho, on a charge of polygamy. 
The}* were both brought to Black- 
foot. 

Wm. D. Xewson was admitted to 
$3,000 bonds and Lucy Devereau 
released from custody, being placed 
under 8200 bonds. 

Sun. 10. — The Canadian troops, 
under Gen. Middleton, fought a des- 
perate battle with Reil's half breeds, 
at Batouche's Crossing. 

Eight armed deputy marshals ar- 
rested Wm. D. Pratt, of Wilford, 
and John L. Roberts, of Rexburg, 
Bingham Co., Idaho, in the night, 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
or polygamy, and started for Black- 
foot the following day. 

Mon. 11. — Barnard's music-hall 
and other buildings were destroyed 
by fire at Chatham, London, Eng- 
land. 

Marshal Dubois, of Idaho, and five 
assistants, armed to the teeth, visited 
Paris, Bear Lake Co., Idaho, in 
search of polygamists. 

Tu. 12. — After three days fighting 
the Canadian troops, under Gen. 
Fred. Middleton, drove the rebels 
from their strongholds, at Batouche. 

Wed. 13.— The Utah delegation 
(Caine, Cannon and Taylor) had an 
interview with President Cleveland, 
at Washington, D. C. 



CHRONOLOGY MAY, 1885. 



9 



Isaac Groo, of Salt Lake City, was 
arrested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and placed under $1,500 
bonds, after pleading guilty to the 
charge before Commissioner McKay. 

J. D. Jones, of Idaho, was sen- 
tenced to $300 fine for unlawful co- 
habitation, and promised to obey the 
Edmunds law in the future. 

A bloody battle took place be- 
tween Mexican troops and Yaqui- 
Indians, near Mesa, Mexico. 

Thurs. 14. — After several days' 
trial, the jury in the Third District 
Court returned a verdict of not guilty 
in the case against Officer Thomas 
F. Thomas, who had been accused of 
assaulting the negro, who killed Capt. 
A. Burt Aug. 25, 1883. 

James Taylor, of Ogden, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and, after preliminary ex- 
amination, placed under $1 500 bonds. 

JPW. 15. — Moroni Brown and Fran- 
cis A. Brown, of Ogden, were arrested 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
and placed under $1,500 bonds each. 

A destructive cyclone visited Kan- 
sas, causing the death of several 
persons. 

Forty Texas convicts were taken 
from the guards by mob-force and 
allowed to escape. 

Louis David Riel,the rebel leader, 
was captured and brought to Gen. 
Middleton's camp. 

Sat. 16. — Charles J. Thomas, Jo- 
seph Dean and Henry Arnold arrived 
in Liverpool, England, as mission- 
aries from Utah. 

Job Pingree, of Ogden, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and placed under $1,500 
bonds. 

Win. Fotheringham was adjudged 
guilty of unlawful cohabitation by 
the jury in Beaver, after a lenghty 
trial, although no proof of his guilt 
had been produced, except for ' hold- 
ing out." 

Sommerset village, Canada, was 
destroyed by fire ; 100 houses were 
burned. 

The Guion S. S. Wisconsin sailed 
from Liverpool, with 174 Saints, in- 
cluding 15 returning missionaries, 



under the direction of N. M. Hodges. 
On the 27th it arrived in New York, 
and the company arrived in Salt 
Lake City June 2nd. 

Sun. 17. — Michael Axelson, a na- 
tive of Sweden, suicided in Salt Lake 
City. 

Tu. 19. — Lucy Devereux was 
again sent to the penitentiary, for 
refusing to answer certain questions 
before the grand jury in the Third 
District Court. 

Joseph M. Phelps, of Montpelier, 
Bear Lake Co., Idaho, was arrested 
in Salt Lake City, on a charge of un- 
lawful cohabitation. 

Prof. E. Odium killed himself by 
jumping from the Brooklyn Bridge 
into East River, 135 feet below. 

Wed. 20. — Wm, Fotheringham was 
sentenced to thiee months' imprison- 
ment and to pay $300 fine, in the 
Second District Court, at Beaver. 

Thurs. 21. — A. Miner, of Salt 
Lake City, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohabitation. 

H. B. Clawson, Bishop of the 12th 
Ward, Salt Lake City, was arrested 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
and placed under $1,500 bonds. 

David Lee, who plead guilty to 
the charge of unlawful cohabitation, 
was let off with a $300 fine, he agree- 
ing to put away his second wife. 

Seventeen persons lost their lives 
in a terrible conflagration in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Elder John P. Ibsen, while preach- 
ing the Gospel in a private house on 
Bornholm, Denmark, was arrested 
and brought to Ronne, where he was 
tried and imprisoned three days, for 
having preached the Gospel. Soon 
afterwards he was sent as a prisoner 
to Copenhagen.. 

Fri. 22. — The grand jury having 
found an indictment against Isaac 
Groo, of Salt Lake City, he was re- 
arrested and placed under $1,500 
bonds, to await his trial. 

Victor Hugo, the renowned French 
politican, di^d at Paris, France. 

Sat. 23. — In the District Court at 
Blackfoot, Idaho, Judge Morgan sen- 
tenced Bishop George Stuart, of 
Malad, W. J. Pratt, of Wilford, and 



10 



CHRONOLOGY — JUNE, 1885. 



John T. Roberts, of Rexburg, to four 
months' imprisonment in the Boise 
Penitentiary and $300 fine, each; 
John Winn, an old man of Battle 
Creek, Oneida Co., and Charles W. 
Simpson, of Montpelier, to a fine of 
$300, each, and Samuel Humphreys 
to six months' imprisonment and 
$300 fine. 

Elder August Valentine, who lab- 
ored as a missionary on Bornholm, 
Denmark, was arrested, for pleach- 
ing the Gospel. He was brought to 
Copenhagen, and there imprisoned 
for five days, after which he was 
banished from the country. 

Mon. 25.— Apostle F. D. Rich- 
ards returned from a trip to the 
East, during which he visited Pueblo, 
Independence, Richmond, (Mo.) 
Carthage, Nauvoo (111.) and other 
places known in Church Historjr. 

Peter Nebeker died at Willard, 
Box Elder Co., Utah. 

Elders Wile}^ G. Cragun and 
Fraughton were mobbed in South 
Carolina; Fraughton received 40 
lashes of a whip and Cragun was 
shot in the chin.; 

"~~Tu. 26. — J. W. Sayers, a stran- 
ger, died from the effects of poison, 
in Salt Lake City. 

Seventeen Bohemians were drowned 
in a flood, near the Republican River, 
Nebraska. 

Wed. 27.— Charles Seal, of the 
16th Ward, Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation, and placed under $1,000 
bonds. 

The case of James Taylor, of 
Ogden, was dismissed for the time 
being, because of an error in the 
indictment. 

The Indian chief Pondmaker sur- 
rendered himself with his warriors 
to Gen. Middleton. 

Thurs. 28. — After a preliminary 
examination before Commissioner 
McKay, Charles Seal was arraigned 
on two charges of polygamy and 
bound over in $3,000 bonds, to await 
the action of the grand jury. 

Alfred Best, of Mill Creek, was 
arrested in Salt Lake City, on a 



charge of unlawful cohabitation, and 
placed under $1,000 bonds. 

The Canadian troops under Strang 
had a battle with Big Bear's band of 
Indians, near Fort Pitt, in which the 
Indians drove the soldiers back. 

Elder Aug. Valentine left Copen- 
hagen for England, being the first 
Elder banished from Denmark for 
preaching the Gospel. 

Fri. 29. — Sarah James, a twelve 
year old girl, committed suicide by 
taking poison, at Lehi, Utah Co. 

Sat. 30. — Decoration day was ob- 
served as a holiday in Utah. 

Sun. 31. — Disastrous shocks of 
earthquake took place in the Cash- 
mere Valley, India. 

Elder John P. Ibsen was impris- 
oned in Copenhagen, Denmark, await- 
ing his banishment from the country. 

JUNE. 

Diphtheria was raging in Salt Lake 
City and vicinity. 

Edmund Elsworth, of Arizona, 
was sentenced to pay a $300 fine, 
for cohabitation with his wives, and, 
not being able to pay it, was sent to 
prison at Yuma. 

Wm. J. Flake, having served out 
his sentence in the Yuma prison, 
Arizona, was released. 

The Indian troubles in Arizona and 
New Mexico continued. 

Cyclones did much damage in 
Illinois. 

A treaty of peace was made be- 
tween P'rance and Russia. 

Cholera broke out in Spain and 
thousands of people died. 

Elders F. F. Hintze, C. V. Lund- 
sr.een, Jens Nielsen and Niels Han- 
sen, missionaries from Utah, were 
banished from Jutland, Denmark, 
for having preached the Gospel. 

Mon. 1. — Ann Morton, an aged 
lady, suicided near Ogden. 

The earthquakes in India con- 
tinued. 

Tu. 2. — James H. Nelson was ar- 
rested in Ogden, on a charge of un- 
lawful cohabitation. Deputy Mar- 
shals Perkins and Brown, who at- 
tempted to enter Nelson's house, 



CHKOXOLOGY — JUNE, 1885. 



11 



without a search warrant, received a 
rough treatment from Mrs. Nelson. 

Strikers destroyed considerable 
property at Denver, Co. 

Wed. 3. — About thirty miners were 
killed by a fire in the collieries, near 
Durnham, England. 

Capt. Steele, with 70 mounted 
scouts had an engagement with the 
Indians, under Big Bear, 50 miles 
south-east of Ft. Pitt, British Amer- 
ica. 

Thurs. 4. — The first number of 
"Svenska Harolden", (a weekly) 
the first Swedish newspaper in Utah, 
was issued in Salt Lake City, by the 
Swedish Publishing Company, re- 
cently organized. 

The grand jury having found an 
indictment against Alfred Best, of 
Mill Creek, he was rearrested and 
placed under $1,000 bonds. 

Elder John P. Ibsen was brought 
on board the steamer Milo, at Copen- 
hagen, Denmark, by the police-offi- 
cers, having been banished from the 
country for preaching the Gospel. 

Fri. 5. — A heav}* storm visited 
Utah. 

Sat. 6. — Wm. Wilding died in the 
17th Ward, Salt Lake City, 102 years 
of age. 

Bishop Dennison L. Harris, of Mon- 
roe, Sevier Co., Utah, died at his 
residence. 

Sun. 7. — A monster meteor that 
shook the earth was seen at Galves- 
ton, Texas. 

Mon. 8. — Geo. A. Mears' armory 
and adjoining buildings, on Second 
South Street, Salt Lake City, were 
partly destroyed by fire. 

The insane asylum at Williams- 
burg, Va., was destroyed by fire. 

A flood, caused by the bursting of 
a water spout in the mountains, near 
Lagos, Mexico, did much damage, 
and about one hundred lives were 
lost. 

Tu. 9. — N. P. Jeppesen, of Logan, 
and two others were drowned in Sal- 
mon River, Idaho, by being carried 
over the falls. 

Frank Shimer, who had taken un- 
lawful liberties with some little girls, 



was tarred and feathered by the en- 
raged citizens of Milford, Utah. 

Tu. 9 and Wed. 10.— The 85th 
quorum of Seventies was partly or- 
ganized by Jacob Gates and E. Ste- 
venson, at Kanab, Kane Co., Utah, 
with Reuben Broadbent, Chas. S. 
Cram, William J. Jolly, Svend M. 
Anderson and William H. Clayton as 
Presidents. 

Wed. 10. — Twenty persons were 
killed by the falling of a stone stair- 
way in a court room, at Thiers, 
France. 

Thurs. 11. — The motion for new 
trials in the cases of Pres. A. M. 
Cannon and A. M. Musser was ar- 
gued in the Supreme Court of Utah. 

Fri. 12. — Brett's Circus performed 
in Salt Lake City. 

Isaac B. Nash, of Franklin, Oneida 
Co., Idaho, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohabitation, and, after 
a preliminary examination before 
Commissioner House, at Oxford, 
placed under $1,500 bonds. 

Iowa was visited by a destructive 
tornado. 

Sat. 13. — The Utah Supreme Court 
affirmed ths decision of the court 
below, against Thomas Simpson for 
polygamy. 

A. W. Cooley, of Brighton, Salt 
Lake Co., who had beeh indicted for 
unlawful cohabitation, gave himself 
up to the marshal and was put under 
$1,000 bonds. 

The 86th quorum of Seventies was 
partly organized by Jacob Gates and 
E. Stevenson, at Panguitch, Garfield 
Co., Utah, with John W. Norton, 
Albert W. Norton, Albert H. Riding 
and S. A. Johnson as Presidents. 

Tu. 16. — JohnGooch was stabbed 
by A. B. Allen, at Richmond, Cache 
Co. 

The dying U. S. Grant was re- 
moved from New York City to Mt. 
McGregor. 

Thurs. 18. — Policeman Andrew 
Smith, of Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation and placed under $1,500 
bonds. 

A terrible explosion took place in 
Pendbury colliery, near Manchei er, 



12 



CHRONOLOGY JUNE, 1885. 



England, hy which about one hun- 
dred and fortj r persons lost their 
lives. 

/•>/. 10. — The steam er Italia struck 
a steep point,, near Lomas, South 
America, and sank. About seventy 
persons were drowned. 

Sat. 20.— Charles L. White, of the 
19th Ward, Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation. Elizabeth Ann Starkey, 
one of the witnesses, was fined $50 
and sentenced to one day's imprison- 
ment for refusing to answer certain 
questions before the commissioner. 

Cowboys murdered six Indians on 
Beaver Creek, Col., which caused 
another Indian uprising. 

The S. S. Wisconsin sailed from 
England with 541 Saints, including 
30 returning missionaries, under the 
direction of Jorgen Hansen ; it ar- 
rived at New York July 1st, and at 
Salt Lake City July 7th. 

Elders John Reading and Quincy 
B. Nichols arrived in Liverpool, as 
missionaries from Utah. 

Sun. 21. — In the Iron Stake 
quarterly conference, the Parowan 
wards were united into one ward, 
with Charles Adams as Bishop. 

The 87th quorum of Seventies was 
organized by A. H. Cannon, at Plain 
City, Weber Co., with Wm. Geddes, 
J. P. Folkmann, Alonzo Knight, 
Charles Featherstone, William S. 
Geddes and Hans Poulsen as Presi- 
dents. 

Mon. 22. — The examination of C. 
L. White's case was continued before 
Commissioner McKay ; the defen- 
dant was placed under 82,000 bonds, 
and Mis-, Starkey, who still refused 
to answer, taken back to the pen- 
itentiary. 

Benjamin F. Steward, Presiding 
Elder at Benjamin, Utah Co., was 
killed by lightning, while sitting in 
his carriage by his residence. 

Tu. 23.— The old folks of Salt 
Lake County had their annual ex- 
cursion, this time going over the 
Utah and Nevada Railroad to Gar- 
field, on the shore of Great Salt Lake, 
where the day was spent in a most 
pleasant mafnner. 



Wed. 24. — Samuel Ensign, an 
eighty year old veteran, fell from 
the Temple walls, in Salt Lake City, 
and was instantly killed. 
• The polygamy case against C. L. 
White was dismissed, and he was 
held under $500 bonds to answer to 
the charge of unlawful cohabitation. 
Miss Starkey was brought before the 
grand jury and Judge Zane, but as 
she still refused to answer certain 
questions, she was taken back to the 
penitentiary. 

Thurs. 25. — Mrs. Almond was 
drowned in the Provo River, at Wood- 
land, Wasatch Co., Utah. Her body 
was not found until July 31st. 

Frederik H. Hansen, of Pleasant 
Green, Salt Lake Co., was arrested 
on a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
and placed under $500 bonds. 

S. W. Sears, of Salt Lake City, 
was arrested in Chicago, 111., on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation. He 
was released on $3,000 bonds. 

Sat. 27.- — John Nicholson, Andrew 
Smith, Geo. Romney and John Con- 
nelly were arrested on charges of 
unlawful cohabitation and gave bonds 
in $1,500, each, to appear for trial in 
September. 

The Utah Supreme Court affirmed 
the decision of the Third District 
Court against Pres. A. M. Cannon. 

Robert McDonald was drowned in 
Grand River, at Moab, Emery Co., 
Utah. 

Sun. 28.— Wm. W. Drummond, 
once associate justice of Utah, was 
sentenced to the House of Correction 
for stealing postage stamps, in Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Twenty villages were destroyed in 
Austria by lightning. 

Mon. 29. — Joseph McMurrin, of 
Salt Lake City, was arrested on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation and 
gave bonds in $1,500, to await trial. 

In the Third District Court, Win. 
D. Newsom, John Connelly, John 
Daynes, Geo. Romney and Andrew 
Smith pleaded not guilty to the 
charges against them, while John 
Nicholson refused to plead. 

Tu. 30.— One child was killed and 
several other persons wounded by 



CHRONOLOGY — JULY, 1885. 



13 



the falling of a roof, at Fish Lake, 
Sevier Co., Utah. 

Woolley Bro's. store, in Paris, Bear 
Lake Co., Idaho, was destroyed by 
fire. 

F. A. Brown, of Ogden. read an 
able plea in the First District Court. 

JULY. 

A number of artesian wells were 
obtained in Salt Lake City. 

Cholera raged in Spain. 

Wed. 1. — Daniel Severance was 
killed by Wm. H. Orrick, at Milford, 
Millard Co., Utah. 

James Bergen, a section boss on 
the D. & R. G. Ry., who had tried 
to seduce a woman, came near los- 
ing his life by being lynched by the 
enraged citizens of Price, Emery Co. 

The legal weight of common letters 
in the United States was increased 
from h ounce to 1 ounce. 

A serious street car strike broke 
out in Chicago. 

Thurs. 2. — Apostle John Henry 
Smith was arrested in Salt Lake City, 
charged with unlawful cohabitation, 
but after the preliminar}^ examina- 
tion before Commissioner McKay, he 
was released for lack of evidence. 

Mrs. Cannon, a traveling lady, 
committed suicide by taking poison 
at the Metropolitan Hotel, Salt Lake 
City. 

King Alfonso, of Spain, visited the 
cholera districts. 

Fri. 5.— The hated Gov. Wm. M. 
Bunn, of Idaho, resigned his office. 

The Indian chief, Big Bear, was 
captured near Carleton, British 
America. 

Sat. 4. — Considerable excitement 
was caused in Salt Lake City by the 
flag being placed at half mast by the 
"Mormons," as a token of mourning. 

Edward Brain, of Salt Lake City, 
was arrested a second time, taken to 
the penitentiary and later in the day 
placed under $2,500 bonds, to await 
the action of the grand jury, being 
charged with the crime of having 
resisted the officers. 

Mon. 6. -The Poll Mall Gazette, 
published in London, began its ex- 
posure of the English immorality. 
Tu. 7. — Job Pingree, of Ogden, 



was convicted of unlawful cohabita- 
tion, in the First District Court, after 
a long trial. 

Wed. S. — Thos. McGraw and his 
15 year old son were drowned in the 
Provo River. 

The members of the London Con- 
ference (England) had a re-union on 
Fuller's Hill, Salt Lake City. 

Thurs. 9. — A terrible storm did 
immense damage in several of the 
Atlantic States. 

Sat. 11. — Francis A. and Moroni 
Brown, of Ogdeu, were sentenced to 
six months' imprisonment and S300 
fine, each, for unlawful cohabitation, 
and taken to the Utah penitentiary. 

A "Liberal" mass meeting, held 
in Salt Lake City, for the purpose of 
condemning the half - mast affair, 
proved unsuccesful to its instiga- 
tors. 

Mon. 13. — Job Pingree, of Osjden, 
was sentenced to five months in the 
penitentiary and a fine of $300, for 
unlawful cohabitation. 

Edgar A. Lyman, seven years old, 
was kicked to death by a horse, in 
Parowan, Iron Co., Utah. 

A terrible child murder, committed 
by Mrs. Craigli, under the influence 
of her half brother, Geo. Thorn, her 
seducer, startled the town of Spanish 
Fork, Utah Co. 

X. Porter of Preston, Idaho, was 
arrested, charged with unlawful co- 
habitation, taken to Oxford and put 
under bonds. 

Pennsylvania was visited by a ter- 
rible storm. 

Tu. 14. — The election for school 
trustees in the various school dis- 
tricts in the Territory resulted in 
victory to the People's Party. 

Wed. 15. — The Insane Asylum at 
Provo was opened. 

George Thorn, the vile wretch, 
who had seduced his half sister and 
her daughter, in Spanish Fork, was 
arrested in Salt Lake City. 

Thurs. 16. — Lovinia Careless, wife 
of Professor Geo. Careless, and one 
of the finest singers in the territory, 
died from the effects of poison, in 
Salt Lake City. 

C. F. Middleton, of the Presidency 



14 



CHRONOLOGY AUGUST, 1885. 



of the Weber Stake of Zion. was ar- 
raigned before the District Court in 
Ogden, charged with unlawful co- 
habitation. 

Sarah A. Nelson, of Ogden, was 
arrested, charged with having re- 
sisted the officers on June 2nd. 

H. S. Gowans, President of the 
Tooele Stake, and John Bowen, of 
Tooele, were arrested and brought 
to Salt Lake City, charged with poly- 
gamy and unlawful cohabitation. 

Fri. 17. — President H. S. Gowans 
and John Bowen, of Tooele, were 
placed under 81,500 bonds, each, to 
await the action of the grand jury. 

Thomas Burningham. of Bountiful, 
Davis Co., was arrested on a trumped 
up charge of threatening to kill, 
brought to Salt Lake City and ac- 
quitted, but placed under 81,500 
bonds, charged with unlawful cohab- 
itation. 

Acting on the suggestion of Gen- 
eral Howard. Prest. Cleveland or- 
dered the U. S. troops ready for ac- 
tion, in case of an outbreak in Salt 
Lake City on the coming 24th of July. 

Sun. 19. — The Improvement Asso- 
ciations of the Sevier Stake held a 
large conference at Fish Lake. 

Mon. 20. — A monster mass meet- 
ing was held in Paris, Bear Lake Co., 
remonstrating against the political 
oppression in that county, and peti- 
tioning Prest. Cleveland for re- 
dress. 

Tu. 21. — Thomas Porcher. of the 
21st Ward, Salt Lake City, was ar- 
rested on a charge of unlawful cohab- 
itation. After the preliminary ex- 
amination, he was held in 81,000 bail, 
to await the action of the grand 
jury. 

Wed. 22. — Truman O. Angell, 
jun., assistant Church architect, was 
arrested, charged with unlawful co- 
habitation, and placed under 81,500 
bonds, to await the action of the 
grand jury. 

Thurs. 23.— Thomas Walton, of 
Bountiful. Davis Co., Utah, was ar- 
rested, charged with breaking the 
Edmunds law, brought to Salt Lake 
City, tried before Commissioner Mc- 
Kay and discharged. 



John Penman, of Bountiful, was 
also arrested on a similar charge, but 
escaped from the officers, by strategy, 
on the way to Salt Lake City. 

Gen. U S. Grant died at Mount 
McGregor, New York. 

Fri. 24. — Nils Otto Eliason, a 
promising young boy, was drowned 
in the Jordan River. 

Sat. 25. — Florence A. Clawson. 
daughter of H. Dinwoodey, sued for 
and got a divorce from her husband 
Rudger Clawson, who is confined in 
the Penitentiary. 

Mon. 27. — A number of prisoners 
escaped from the Salt Lake City jail. 

Tu. 28.— Mrs. Craigh, the child 
murderess of Spanish Fork. was taken 
to the Provo jail, to await the action 
of the grand jury. 

Wed. 29. — John Hutchinson, lately 
arrived from England, was drowned 
in Bear River, near Almy, Wyoming. 

A curious sign, in the shape of a 
pyramid, apparently of fire, was seen 
on a range of mountains in the south 
end of Cache Valley. Utah. 

A terrible storm visited Minne- 
sota. 

Fri. 31. — A slight shock of earth- 
quake was felt at Ogden. 

AUGUST. 

Seventeen emigrants from New 
Zealand arrived in Box Elder Coun- 
t}-, Utah. 

Gas wells were bored in Salt Lake 
City, and the driving for flowing ar- 
tesian wells was continued snecess- 
fully. 

Elder Thomas Biesingerwas again 
expelled from Bavaria. 

Cholera continued to rage in Spain ; 
also in France. 

Cholera and dysentery raged among 
the Russians on the Afghan fron- 
tiers. 

Diphtheria caused some mortality 
in Salt Lake City. 

In China ten thousand persons 
were drowned. 

Sat. 1. — L. D. Riel, leader of the 
late rebellion in British America. was 
sentenced to be hanged Sept. 18th, at 
Regina. The trial was held in Winni- 
peg ; and an appeal taken. 



CHRONOLOGY AUGUST, 1885. 



15 



Sun. 2. — Joseph Weatherell, of 
Santaquin, Utah Co., was drowned 
in the Jordan River, near Salt Lake 
City ; the body was found on the 5th. 
Hattie Jones, a young woman, com- 
mitted suicide in Ogden. 

Jinn. 3. — The general election in 
Utah for members to the Legislative 
Assembly resulted in victory to the 
People's Party, except in Summit 
County. 

A terrible cyclone did much dam- 
age in Pennsylvania. 

Toronto, Canada, was visited by a 
destructive fire. 

To. 4. — Wm. Fotheringham, of 
Beaver, having served his term of 
imprisonment, was released from the 
Utah Penitentiary. 

Joseph Weiler, of the 3rd Ward, 
Salt Lake City, died. 

The body of Gen. Grant was moved 
from Mt. McGregor to New York. 

Wed. 5. — Wilson Rose, aged 15 
years, was accidently killed in North 
Ogden, Weber Co., Utah. 

Fri. 7.— John W. Snell, of Salt 
Lake City, was arrested on a charge 
of unlawful cohabitation. 

Sat. 8. — M. D. Rosenbaum, of 
Brigham City, died suddenly in 
Franklin, Idaho. 

Gen. U. S. Grant was buried in 
Riverside Park, New York. 

Mon. 10. — After several days' ex- 
amination in Commissioner McKay's 
court, John W. Snell' s polygamy 
case was continued until the follow- 
ing Saturday. 

The Nottingham Saints had a re- 
union on Fuller's Hill, Salt Lake 
City. 

Tu. 11.— A fire destroyed several 
buildings on First South Street, Salt 
Lake City, immediately east of the 
Deseret National Bank. 

Wed. 12. — The first baptisms in 
Denmark, 35 years ago, were com- 
memorated by meetings held in 
Provo, Utah Co. 

A terrible cyclone destroyed much 
life and property in the State of 
New York. 

Thurs. 13. — Twenty Piegau Indi- 
ans were killed by cattlemen on the 
Mussellshell River, Montana. 



Fri. 14. — Elders Andrew S. An- 
dersen and John L. Berg arrived in 
Liverpool, England, as missionaries 
from Utah. 

Sun. 16. — The body of an un- 
known man was found near Fort 
Douglas. 

The apostate Jarmin made an un- 
succesful attempt to break up a con- 
ference meeting of Saints in Shef- 
field, England. 

Mon. 17. — Eliza Shafer was sen- 
tenced to 24 hours in the peniten- 
tiary and a $25 fine by Commissioner 
McKay for alleged contempt of court. 

Wed. 19. — Judge Zane having sus- 
tainedMcKay's decision, Eliza Shafer 
was sent to the penitentiary. 

Thomas Passey's outhouses and 
about 100 tons of hay were destroyed 
near Montpelier, Bear Lake Co., 
Idaho. 

Thurs. 20. — The Utah Commission 
refused to investigate the election 
frauds in Summit County, and to 
count the votes cast for O. F- Whit- 
ney as Territorial Superintendent of 
District Schools. 

Wm. R. Judd, a prominent citi- 
zen of Tooele Co., died at Grants- 
ville. 

About one thousand Welsh people 
had a re-union at Fuller's Hill, Salt 
Lake City. 

Mahoney, a section hand, was ac- 
cidently killed on the D. & R. G. 
Ry., between Pleasant Valley Junc- 
tion and Scofield. 

Fri. 21. — Elizabeth Ann Starkey, 
the alleged second wife of Chas. L. 
White, was released from the pen- 
itentiary, after two months' imprison- 
ment for contempt of court. 

Eliza Shafer, who had been re- 
leased from the penitentiary after 
one days' imprisonment, was again 
arrested and put under $700 bonds 
to appear before the grand jury in 
September. 

Charles Carroll, of Ogden, was 
drowned in the Ogden River. 

Sat. 22. — Elder John Urie arrived 
in Liverpool, England, as a mission- 
ary from L T tah. 

A grand morality demonstration 
took place in Hyde Park, England. 



16 



CHRONOLOGY — SEPTEMBER, 1885. 



John Watrin, an escaped convict, 
was brought back to the Utah Pen- 
itentiary, having been caught in Rich- 
field 

Sun. 23. — A severe windstorm did 
considerable damage in Salt Lake 
City and vicinity. 

A Hood destroyed considerable 
property in Orderville, Kane Co.. 
Utah. 

I'n. 25. — A terrific cyclone visited 
the Southern States. 

Wed. 26.— U. S. deputy marshals 
made a raid upon the settlement of 
Oakley, Cassia Co., Idaho. 

Thurs. 27.— The city blacksmith 
shops, located in the 10th Ward, Salt 
Lake City, were destroyed by fire. 

Fri. 28. — About 350 orphan chil- 
dren from Salt Lake City, were treat- 
ed to a free excursion to Garfield. 

Miss Elizabeth Ann Starkey was 
again arrested and sentenced by 
Commissioner McKay to another 
term of imprisonment, but a writ of 
habeas corpus and a hearing by 
Judge Za;ie procured her release. 

A dead infant, murdered by its 
mother, was found in a river, near 
Ogden. 

Sat. 29. — Of four applicants John 
W. Snell, jun., was chosen as the 
Utah candidate to West Point. 

R. Minnoch,of Ogden, was drowned 
in the Ogden River. 

The S. S. Wisconsin sailed from 
Liverpool with '-''2'.) Saints, including 
16 returning Elders, under the direc- 
tion of Jobn W. Thornley. The 
coiupanj' arrived in New York Sept. 
8th, and* at Salt Lake City Sept. 14th. 

Sun. 30. — A young lady was bru- 
tally outraged near Park City, Utah. 

A big strike on the Gulf of Colo- 
rado and Saute Fe Railroad in Texas 
was settled by military force. 

Mon. 31.— Mrs. Rife, of Ogden, 
was arrested I'm' child murder. 

The first experiment wis made in 
New York of running trains on the 
elevated railway by electricity. 

SEPTEMBER. 

Diphtheria raged in Gunnison, 
Sanpete Co. 

Yellow fever prevailed in Mexico. 



Pedro Preston, the Columbian 
rebel, was executed. 

Trouble arose between Germany 
and Spain in regard to the Caroline 
Islands. 

Elder S. P. Neve, missionary from 
Utah, was warned by the police au- 
thorities to leave Aalborg, Jutland, 
Denmark, which he subsequently did. 

Tu. 1. — Six persons were drowned 
at Oshkosh, Wis. 

A representative of the Harden 
Hand Grenade Eire ICxtinguishing 
Company made successful experi- 
ments in Salt Lake City. 

Wed. 2. — Diphtheria was reported 
in several wards in Salt Lake City. 

The white miners in Rock Springs, 
Wyoming, killed about thirty China- 
men and burned about one hundred 
of their houses. 

Four men were killed in a coal 
mine, near Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

The works of the Barrow Ship- 
building Company at Barrow-in-Fur- 
ness, England, were des1ro3 T ed b}- 
fire. Loss: $1,000,000, 

Thurs. 3.—W. H. Lee, of Tooele, 
was arrested for unlawful cohabita- 
tion, taken to Salt Lake City and, 
after examination before Commis- 
sioner McKay, placed under $1,500 
bonds. 

Folder Frederick Blake arrived in 
Liverpool, as a missionary from Utah. 

Fri. 4. — Two lumber buildings 
were destroyed by fire, near the D. & 
R. G. Ry., Salt Lake City. 

The Salt Lake City Tabernacle 
Choir returned from a pleasant ex- 
cursion to Tooele County. 

An earthquake shock was felt in 
Kane County, Utah. 

Sat. o.—Wm. W. Willey, of Boun- 
tiful, Davis Co., was arrested on a 
charge of unlawful cohabitation. 

John Burtenshaw, jun. , was acci- 
dentally killed at Bountiful, Davis 
Count}'. 

Sun. 6. — Major Aaron Stafford, 
the last surviving officer of the war 
of 1812, died at his residence in 
Walcrville, N. Y., 99 years old. 

Man. 7. — Twenty-two participants 
in the Rock Springs massacre were 
arrested and jailed at Green River. 



CHRONOLOGY jtai'EMBER, 1885. 



17 



W. W. Willey, of Bountiful, had 
an examination before Commissioner 
McKay and was placed under $1,500 
bonds. 

Tu. 8. — Vice-President Hendricks 
made a significant political speech at 
Indianapolis, Ind.. favoring Ireland's 
self-government. 

A terrible cyclone destroyed about 
forty stores and two hundred houses 
in Washington, C. H., Ohio; also 
quite a number of people were killed 
and wounded. 

Wed. 9.— Deputy marshals made 
a raid on Heber, Wasatch Co., and 
arrested Joseph Moulton, John W. 
Witt and John Duke, charged with 
unlawful cohabitation. The pris- 
oners were brought to Salt Lake City 
with subpcened witnesses. 

Thurs. 10.— John W. Witt and 
John Duke, of Heber, after prelim- 
inarjr examination before Commis- 
sioner McKay, were placed under 
$1,500 bonds, each, to await the ac- 
tion of the grand jury. 

Fri. 11.— Jos. Moulton, of Heber, 
was discharged, after the usual ex- 
amination before Commissioner Mc- 
Kay, there being no testimony to 
hold him. 

Sat. 12.— R. Warnock, of Salt 
Lake City, dealer in agricultural ma- 
chinery and implements, failed. 

Elder Levi Naylor arrived in Liver- 
pool as a missionary from Utah. 

Sun. 13. — The residences of Pros- 
ecuting Attorney W. H. Dickson, 
his assistant Varian, and Commissio- 
ner McKay were attacked by mid- 
night marauders, who throwed glas 
jars, tilled with filth, into their rooms. 

A raid was made upon the Chinese 
laborers at the Coal Creek mines, 
Wyoming. 

Tu. Id. — Miss Elizabeth Ann Star- 
Key and Miss Eliza Shafer were sent 
to the penitentiary by Judge Zane of 
the Third District Court, for refus- 
ing to answer certain questions be- 
fore the grand jury. 

Wed. 16. — Judge Zane, in his in- 
structions to the grand jury, inter- 
preted the law in such a way, that 
persons found guilty of unlawful co- 
habitation could be imprisoned for 



life. This was the commencement 
of the segregating policy. 

Thurs. 17. — The annual Primary 
Fair opened in the Social Hall, Salt 
Lake City, and was continued three 
days. 

Fri. 18. — Bishop John Sharp 
pleaded guilty to the charge of un- 
lawful cohabitation and promised to 
obey the Edmunds law Hue was fined 
$300 and costs. 

The steamer Dolphin collided with 
the steamer Drenda and sank east of 
the English coast; 17 of the crew 
and passengers were drowned. 

The populace of eastern Roumelia 
rebelled against their Turkish gov- 
ernor-general and proclaimed a uuion 
with Bulgaria. 

Sat. 19 — Edward Thomas, of 
Beaver, was arrested for unlawful 
cohabitation and placed under31.5U0 
bonds. 

One hundred and sixty - seven 
deaths from cholera were reported 
in Rome during the last 24 hours. 

Sun. 20. — Niels Jensen, an em- 
ploye at the Tithing Office in Salt 
Lake City, died suddenly at Logan. 

Marvin Allred, of St. C'harle3, Bear 
Lake Co., Idaho, was arrested at 
Montpelier, on a charge of unlawful 
cohabitation. 

Mon. 21.— The fourth trial of 
Fred. Hopt for the murder of John 
F. Turner was commenced in the 
Third District Court. 

Work was resumed in the Rock 
Springs coal mines, Wyoming. 

The whites made a raid on the 
Chinamen at Seattle, Washington 
Territory. 

Tu. 22. — The jury in the Twi- 
chel unlawful cohabitation case 
(Beaver) disagreed, and the case 
was continued till next term. 

Wm. Pickett, of Tooele, was dis- 
charged, the grand jury not being 
able to get testimony against him for 
unlawful cohabitation. 

Five Chinamen were hanged at 
Pierce City, Idaho, for the murder 
of Mr. Frazier on the 10th inst. 

False Point Harbor, India, was 
struck by a storm wave, resulting in 
the death of 300 people. 



18 



CHRONOLOGY — OCTOBER, 1885. 



Wed. 23. — Mark Murray was stab- 
bed by Mr. Fitzgerald in the latter' s 
saloon in the Wasatch Block, Salt 
Lake City. 

Judge O. W. Powers, in his charge 
to the grand jury of the First Dis- 
trict Court. stated that an indictment 
could be found against a man guilty 
of cohabitation for every day. 

Elders Win. F. Rigby and Alex- 
ander Leatham were arrested at Rex- 
burg, Idaho, and taken to Eagle 
Rock. 

Fri. 25. — The first battle was 
fought as the result of the Roumelian 
rebellion, near Adrianople, prepara- 
tions for war having been going on 
for some time. 

Sat. 26. — A bloody battle was 
fought between workingmen at Laugh- 
lin's Mill, West Virginia. 

Sun. 27. — Fully forty thousand 
people participated in a socialistic 
meeting, held in London, England- 

Mon. 28. — Hannah Craigh, who 
had been seduced by her uncle Geo. 
Thorn, at Spanish Fork, throwed her 
new born baby in a privy vault, in 
Salt Lake City. 

The jury of the Third District 
Court returned a verdict of guilty of 
murder in the first degree against 
Fred. Hopt. 

In consequence of the compulsory 
vaccination a mob destroyed several 
public buildings in Montreal, Ca- 
nada. 

Tu. 2.9.— Bishop H. B. Clawson, 
of Salt Lake City, was sentenced to 
six months' imprisonment and $300 
fine for unlawful cohabitation. 

S.W. Sears and T. O. Angell, jun., 
charged with unlawful cohabitation, 
promised to live according to the 
Edmunds law, and were let off with 
fines, the former $300, and the latter 
$150. 

John Lang, of Beaver, was sen- 
tenced to three months' imprison- 
ment and $200 fine, in the Second 
District Court, at Beaver, for unlaw- 
ful cohabitation. 

Wed. 30.— The Salt Lake City 
police made a raid upon several 
houses of prostitution, and 18 of the 
inmates were arrested and fined. 



OCTOBER. 

Alonzo Johnson and Samuel Moody, 
two "Mormon" missionaries, were 
mobbed in Tolono, Champaign Co., 
Illinois. 

Thurs. 1. — John Daynes pleaded 
guilty to a charge of unlawful co- 
habitation in the Third District Court, 
and, promising to obey the Edmunds 
law, Judge Zane let him off with a 
$150 fine. The jury also returned a 
verdict of guilty against Wm. A. 
Rossiter for unlawful cohabitation. 

Fri. 2. — Edward Brain, of the 
21st Ward, Salt Lake City, was 
found guilty of unlawful cohabita- 
tion and sentenced to six months' 
imprisonment and $300 fine ; he was 
taken to the penitentiary. 

Sat. 3. — Polder J. Nicholson, assist- 
ant editor of the DeseretNeivs, waived 
his right as a defendant and testified 
for the prosecution, which resulted 
in the jury bringing in a verdict of 
guilty against him for unlawful co- 
habitation. A. Miner entered a plea 
of not guilty to the charge of un- 
lawful cohabitation. Alfred Best, of 
Mill Creek, and Emil Olsen, of Salt 
Lake City, also testified against them- 
selves and were found guilty of un- 
lawful cohabitation by the jury. 

Sun. 4. — John Robinson's circus 
was wrecked on a branch of the 
Northern Pacific railway, near St. 
Paul, Minnesota; several persons 
were killed. 

Mon. 5. — Isaac Groo and Charles 
Seal, of Salt Lake City, Alfred Best, 
of Mill Creek, David E. Davis, of 
St. John, and Andrew W. Cooley, 
of Brighton, were each sentenced to 
six months' imprisonment and $300 
fine by Judge Zane in the Third Dis- 
trict Court. The prisoners were 
taken to the penitentiary the same 
day. 

Tu. 6. — The General Conference 
of the Church was commenced in 
Logan, Cache Co., and continued 
until Friday 9th. 

Charles L. White pleaded guilty 
to a charge of unlawful cohabitation 
and was sentenced to six months' 
imprisonment and a fine of $300. 
This caused the release of his alleged 



CHRONOLOGY OCTOBER, 1885. 



19 



wife, Miss Elisabeth Ann Starkey, 
who had been confined in the pen- 
itentiary since Sept loth. John 
Connelly also pleaded guilty to the 
charge of unlawful cohabitation and 
was sentenced by Judge Zane to six 
months' imprisonment and $ 300 
fine. 

Wed. 7. — Aurelius Miner, of Salt 
Lake City, was found guilty of un- 
lawful cohabitation by the jury, after 
a two days' trial. The jury also re- 
turned a verdict of guilty against 
Policeman Andrew Smith, of Salt 
Lake City, for a similar offence. 

Thurs. 8. — Wm. D. Newsom, of 
the 11th Ward, Salt Lake City, was 
found guilty by the jury in the Third 
District Court of polygamy and un- 
lawful cohabitation. Frederik H. 
Hansen, of Pleasant Green, was also 
declared guilty of unlawful cohab- 
itation. 

A. L. Blackburn was arrested at 
Rexburg. Idaho, charged with un- 
lawful cohabitation. 

Fri. 9. — Three jurj-men (Moritz, 
Davis and Clayton) were discharged 
from the grand jury, in the Third 
District Court, because they refused 
to find indictments according to the 
segregating policy. 

Sat. 10.— Wm. A. Rossiter and 
Geo. Romney, of Salt Lake City, 
were sentenced to six months' im- 
prisonment and $300 fine, each, for 
unlawful cohabitation. Thos. Porcher 
and Robert Swain pleaded guilty to 
the same charge, but sentence was 
deferred because of the defendants 
being poor. 

Flood Rock, at Hell Gate, near 
N